332,663 results match your criteria American School Board Journal [Journal]


Assessment of Postoperative Outcomes in Spinal Epidural Abscess Following Surgical Decompression.

Spine J 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Center for Spine Health, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, 44195, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, 44195, USA; Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, 44195, USA. Electronic address:

Background Context: A spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a serious condition that may be managed with antibiotics alone or with decompressive surgery combined with antibiotics.

Purpose: The objectives of this study were to assess the clinical outcomes of SEA after surgical management and to identify the patient-level factors that are associated with outcomes following surgical decompression and removal of SEA.

Study Design/setting: Retrospective chart review analysis. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Genes known to escape X chromosome inactivation predict co-morbid chronic musculoskeletal pain and posttraumatic stress symptom development in women following trauma exposure.

Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute for Trauma Recovery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Co-morbid chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMSP) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are frequent sequelae of motor vehicle collision, are associated with greater disability than either outcome alone, and are more prevalent in women than men. In the current study we assessed for evidence that gene transcripts originating from the X chromosome contribute to sex differences in vulnerability to CMSP and PTSS after motor vehicle collision. Nested samples were drawn from a longitudinal study of African American individuals, and CMSP (0-10 numeric rating scale) and PTSS (impact of events scale, revised) outcomes were assessed 6 months following motor vehicle collision. Read More

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December 2018
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Prognostic performance of the American Joint Committee on Cancer 8th edition of the TNM staging system in patients with early oral tongue cancer.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Departments of Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Background: The 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer's (AJCC) staging system for oral cavity cancer incorporates pathological features. We aimed to assess whether these changes results in better risk stratification of patients with early oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC).

Methods: Overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) of 244 patients were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Read More

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December 2018

Differentiation of Human-Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells to Macrophages for Disease Modeling and Functional Genomics.

Curr Protoc Stem Cell Biol 2018 Dec 10:e74. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Cardiometabolic Genomics Program, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York.

Macrophages play important roles in many diseases. We describe a protocol and the associated resources for the differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived macrophages (IPSDM) and their applications in understanding human macrophage physiology and relevant diseases. The protocol uses an embryoid body-based approach with a combination of serum-free condition for hematopoiesis specification, followed by adherent culture with serum and M-CSF for myeloid expansion and macrophage maturation. Read More

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December 2018

Members of Minority and Underserved Communities Set Priorities for Health Research.

Milbank Q 2018 Dec;96(4):675-705

Friends of Parkside.

Policy Points Engaging and involving underrepresented communities when setting research priorities could make the scientific research agenda more equitable, more just, and more responsive to their needs and values. Groups and individuals from minority and underserved communities strongly prioritized child health and mental health research, often choosing to invest at the highest possible level. Groups consisting of predominantly Native American or Arab American participants invested in culture and beliefs research at the highest level, while many groups did not select it at all. Read More

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December 2018
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MYD88 L265P mutations identify a prognostic gene expression signature and a pathway for targeted inhibition in CLL.

Br J Haematol 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Cambridge, MA, USA.

The L265P somatic mutation in the Myeloid Differentiation Primary Response 88 (MYD88) gene is a recurrent mutation in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). This mutation has functional effects in various haematological malignancies but its role in CLL remains to be fully elucidated. Here, we report that MYD88 L265P mutations are associated with mutated immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene (IGHV-M) status and that among IGHV-M patients, the presence of MYD88 L265P is associated with younger age at diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018

Successful sclerotherapy and psoriasis: A discussion of koebnerization, report of two cases, and review of the literature.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

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December 2018

A Photoresponsive Hyaluronan Hydrogel Nanocomposite for Dynamic Macrophage Immunomodulation.

Adv Healthc Mater 2018 Dec 7:e1801234. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, New York University, Brooklyn, NY, 11201, USA.

Macrophages are a predominant immune cell population that drive inflammatory responses and exhibit transitions in phenotype and function during tissue remodeling in disease and repair. Thus, engineering an immunomodulatory biomaterial has significant implications for resolving inflammation. Here, a biomimetic and photoresponsive hyaluronan (HA) hydrogel nanocomposite with tunable 3D extracellular matrix (ECM) adhesion sites for dynamic macrophage immunomodulation is engineered. Read More

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December 2018

Insulin function in obese children within the low and high ranges of impaired fasting glycemia.

Pediatr Diabetes 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Division of Pediatrics, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Impaired fasting glycemia (IFG) reflects an intermediate hyperglycemia in the fasting state. Which fasting glucose level that actually is associated with impaired insulin-glucose homeostasis in children and adolescents with obesity is unknown.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate how insulin and glucose homeostasis in children and adolescents with obesity in Sweden varies within different fasting glucose levels in the non-diabetic range. Read More

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December 2018

The Competing Risk of Death in Longitudinal Geriatric Outcomes.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

Objectives: To address the competing risk of death in longitudinal studies of older persons, we demonstrate sensitivity analyses that evaluate robustness of associations between exposures and three outcome types: dichotomous, count, and time to event.

Design: A secondary analysis of data from a prospective cohort study.

Setting: Community-based data from the Precipitating Events Project in New Haven, CT. Read More

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December 2018

Implantable cardiac defibrillators for people with non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 8;12:CD012738. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: There is evidence that implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) for primary prevention in people with an ischaemic cardiomyopathy improves survival rate. The evidence supporting this intervention in people with non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy is not as definitive, with the recently published DANISH trial finding no improvement in survival rate. A systematic review of all eligible studies was needed to evaluate the benefits and harms of using ICDs for primary prevention in people with non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy. Read More

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December 2018

Determination of the Minimal Important Change in the Life-Space Assessment.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.

Background/objectives: The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Life-Space Assessment (LSA) is a widely used measure of community mobility. To assist clinicians and researchers with assessing the significance of changes in scores, we determined the minimal important change associated with a change in health status.

Setting: Homes of community-dwelling older adults. Read More

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December 2018

How mountains shape biodiversity: the role of the Andes in biogeography, diversification and reproductive biology in South America's most species rich lizard radiation (Squamata: Liolaemidae).

Evolution 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Ecology and Evolution, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, 0200, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Testing hypotheses on the drivers of clade evolution and trait diversification provides insight into many aspects of evolutionary biology. Often, studies investigate only the intrinsic biological properties of organisms as the causes of diversity, however extrinsic properties of a clade's environment, particularly geological history, may also offer compelling explanations. The Andes are a young mountain chain known to have shaped many aspects of climate and diversity of South America. Read More

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December 2018

Saws, scissors and sharks: Late Paleozoic experimentation with symphyseal dentition.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

CR2P UMR 7207 (MNHN, CNRS, UPMC, Sorbonne Université), Département Origines et Evolution, Muséum National d'Histoire naturelle, CP 48, 57 rue Cuvier, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France.

Sharks of Late Paleozoic oceans evolved unique dentitions for catching and eating soft bodied prey. A diverse but poorly preserved clade, edestoids are noted for developing biting teeth at the midline of their jaws. Helicoprion has a continuously growing root to accommodate more than 100 crowns that spiraled on top of one another to form a symphyseal whorl supported and laterally braced within the lower jaw. Read More

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December 2018
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Comparison of testis cancer-specific survival: an analysis of national cancer registry data from the USA, UK and Germany.

BJU Int 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Division of Urological Surgery and Center for Surgery and Public Health, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

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December 2018

Supraglottic Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Population-Based Study of 22,675 Cases.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Neurological Institute of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: The authors used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database to analyze epidemiological features of patients presenting with supraglottic squamous cell carcinoma (SCCa) and to evaluate treatment trends and outcomes.

Methods: The SEER database was queried for patients with supraglottic SCCa from 1973 to 2013. Information on demographics; tumor size; histologic grade; American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage; SEER local, regional, distant stage; and treatment modality were analyzed. Read More

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December 2018
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Assessment of within-breath impulse oscillometry parameters in children with asthma.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Severance Hospital, Institute of Allergy, Brain Korea 21 PLUS Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Impulse oscillometry (IOS) measures respiratory resistance and reactance during tidal breaths and is a convenient tool for evaluation of lung function. Respiratory resistance and reactance can be measured separately during inspiration and expiration (inspiratory-expiratory analysis).

Objective: We investigated the differences in inspiratory-expiratory measurements obtained using IOS between children with and without asthma. Read More

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December 2018

Distal radial access for coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention: A state-of-the-art review.

Authors:
Thierry Corcos

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Cardiology, American Hospital of Paris and Hôpital Foch, Suresnes, France.

Since its introduction by Lucien Campeau three decades ago, percutaneous radial artery approach at the forearm has been shown to provide advantages over the femoral approach and has become the standard approach for coronary angiography and intervention. Though infrequent, vascular complications still remain, mainly radial artery occlusion. Therefore, a more distal radial approach at the snuffbox or at the dorsum of hand has been suggested, initially by anethesiologists for perioperative patient monitoring, and more recently by Babunashvili et al. Read More

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December 2018

Pharmacotherapy in Older Adults with Cardiovascular Disease: Report from an American College of Cardiology, American Geriatrics Society, and National Institute on Aging Workshop.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Cardiovascular Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.

Objectives: To identify the top priority areas for research to optimize pharmacotherapy in older adults with cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Design: Consensus meeting.

Setting: Multidisciplinary workshop supported by the National Institute on Aging, the American College of Cardiology, and the American Geriatrics Society, February 6-7, 2017. Read More

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December 2018

Look at my pearly white teeth: Exploring adolescents' oral health behavior.

Public Health Nurs 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

College of Health and Human Services, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana.

Informed by grounded theory, this study explored adolescent oral health behaviors to determine what factors influence them and to develop a substantive theory explaining the social process behind the behaviors identified. Multiple types of data were collected and analyzed simultaneously: demographic and oral health questionnaires, 16 individual interviews, eight small group discussions, field notes, and investigator memoing. Participants were 37 Midwestern adolescents aged 13-18, and most were White or African-American females 14 years of age whose parents had at least a high school education. Read More

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December 2018

Rapid Assessment of Mitochondrial Complex I Activity and Metabolic Phenotyping of Breast Cancer Cells by NAD(p)H Cytometry.

Cytometry A 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Metabolic Photonics Laboratory, Departments of Surgery and Biomedical Sciences, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Blvd, Los Angeles, California, 90048.

Cancer cells are known to display a variety of metabolic reprogramming strategies to fulfill their own growth and proliferative agenda. With the advent of high resolution imaging strategies, metabolomics techniques, and so forth, there is an increasing appreciation of critical role that tumor cell metabolism plays in the overall breast cancer (BC) growth. In this report, we demonstrate a sensitive, flow-cytometry-based assay for rapidly assessing the metabolic phenotypes in isolated suspensions of breast cancer cells. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of demographic data, disease severity and response to treatment, between dogs with atopic dermatitis and atopic-like dermatitis: a retrospective study.

Vet Dermatol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences and Surgery, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 6627 Antônio Carlos Ave, Belo Horizonte, 31270-901, Brazil.

Background: Limited information is available describing the features of canine atopic-like dermatitis (ALD) compared with atopic dermatitis (AD).

Objectives: To compare demographic data, disease severity and response to therapy between ALD and AD dogs.

Animals: Two hundred and fifty-three atopic dogs with intradermal and serum allergen-specific IgE test results were selected retrospectively. Read More

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December 2018
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Evolution of Our Understanding of the Hyperparathyroid Syndromes: A Historical Perspective.

J Bone Miner Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Calcium Research Laboratory, Metabolic Disorders and Complications Program, Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Canada.

We review advancing and overlapping stages for our understanding of the expressions of six hyperparathyroid (HPT) syndromes: multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) or type 4, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A), hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome, familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, neonatal severe primary hyperparathyroidism, and familial isolated hyperparathyroidism. During stage 1 (1903 to 1967), the introduction of robust measurement of serum calcium was a milestone that uncovered hypercalcemia as the first sign of dysfunction in many HPT subjects, and inheritability was reported in each syndrome. The earliest reports of HPT syndromes were biased toward severe or striking manifestations. Read More

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December 2018
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The American Headache Society Position Statement On Integrating New Migraine Treatments Into Clinical Practice.

Authors:

Headache 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Objective: To provide healthcare professionals with updated guidance in the use of novel preventive and acute treatments for migraine in adults.

Background: The principles of preventive and acute pharmacotherapy for patients with migraine have been outlined previously, but the emergence of new technologies and treatments, as well as new formulations of previously established treatments, has created a need for an updated guidance on the preventive and acute treatment of migraine.

Methods: This statement is based on a review of existing guidelines and principles for preventive and acute treatment of migraine, as well as the results of recent clinical trials of drugs and devices for these indications. Read More

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December 2018

Collaborating to conquer cancer: the role of partnerships in comprehensive cancer control.

Cancer Causes Control 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

American College of Surgeons, 633 N. Saint Clair St., Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

Comprehensive cancer control celebrated its twentieth anniversary in 2018. A dedicated group of national partners formed the Comprehensive Cancer Control National Partnership (CCCNP) at the same time that CDC's National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program was formed. The CCCNP has supported the development and growth of comprehensive cancer control from its inception. Read More

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December 2018

Studies in the Stypella vermiformis group (Auriculariales, Basidiomycota).

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1172, Blindern, 0318, Oslo, Norway.

Stypella vermiformis is a heterobasidiomycete producing minute gelatinous basidiocarps on rotten wood of conifers in the Northern Hemisphere. In the current literature, Stypella papillata, the genus type of Stypella (described from Brazil), is treated as a taxonomic synonym of S. vermiformis. Read More

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December 2018

Comparative Analysis of Anuran Amphibian Skin Microbiomes Across Inland and Coastal Wetlands.

Microb Ecol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Biology, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.

Amphibians host a community of microbes on their skin that helps resist infectious disease via the dual influence of anti-pathogenic microbial species and emergent community dynamics. Many frogs rely on freshwater habitats, but salinization is rapidly increasing saltwater concentrations in wetlands around the globe, increasing the likelihood that frogs will come into contact with salt-contaminated habitats. Currently, we know little about how increased salt exposure will affect the symbiotic relationship between the skin microbes and frog hosts. Read More

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December 2018
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Genetic testing in sudden unexpected natural death in the young: New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner's experience and perspective.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Forensic Pathology Department, Office of Chief Medical Examiner, New York, NY, USA.

Postmortem genetic testing is a diagnostic tool that is becoming increasingly utilized. The benefits and limitations of genetic testing in cases of sudden, unexpected death in the young (≤ 40 years old) are reviewed from the perspective of the Office of Chief Medical Examiner of the City of New York, whose Molecular Genetics Laboratory, accredited by College of American Pathologists, has had 15 years of postmortem testing experience. Challenges to the interpretation and communication of testing results are highlighted, and opportunities for improving testing yield are discussed for age groups across the lifespan, from infancy to adulthood. Read More

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December 2018

In vivo histology and p.L132V mutation in KRT12 gene in Japanese patients with Meesmann corneal dystrophy.

Jpn J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, 13-1 Takara-machi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, 920-8641, Japan.

Purpose: To report genetic mutational analysis and in vivo histology of Meesmann corneal dystrophy.

Study Design: Prospective, case control study.

Methods: Six patients from three independent families with clinically diagnosed Meesmann corneal dystrophy were enrolled in this study. Read More

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December 2018

Young Forest Conservation Incentive Programs: Explaining Re-Enrollment and Post-program Persistence.

Environ Manage 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Biology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, Pennsylvania, USA.

Environmental conservation actions conducted by private landowners are critically important for conservation efforts worldwide. Incentive programs are used to engage landowners in voluntary conservation, but outcomes after landowners exit these programs are poorly understood. Previous research identified several pathways, including landowner motivations, cognitions, and resources, which could sustain or undermine continued conservation management behavior after incentive program participation. Read More

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December 2018

Age-associated hippocampal volume changes in childhood arterial ischemic stroke.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA.

Purpose: Recent evidence suggests that recovery from secondary neurodegeneration following arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) may be related to age at injury and site of occlusion. We conducted a study of hippocampal volume (HCV) in a cohort of pediatric patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory AIS to determine whether HCV would be preserved in younger children as compared to older children.

Methods: This single-center, HIPAA-compliant retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board. Read More

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December 2018

A Randomized, Controlled Trial of the Impact of the Couple CARE for Parents of Newborns Program on the Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence and Relationship Problems.

Prev Sci 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Effective, accessible prevention programs are needed for adults at heightened risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). This parallel group randomized controlled trial examines whether such couples receiving the American version of Couple CARE for Parents of Newborns (CCP; Halford et al. 2009) following the birth of a child, compared with controls, report fewer first occurrences of clinically significant IPV, less frequent physical and psychological IPV, and improved relationship functioning. Read More

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December 2018

Introgression reshapes recombination distribution in grapevine interspecific hybrids.

Theor Appl Genet 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

SVQV UMR-A 1131, INRA, Université de Strasbourg, 68000, Colmar, France.

Key Message: In grapevine interspecific hybrids, meiotic recombination is suppressed in homeologous regions and enhanced in homologous regions of recombined chromosomes, whereas crossover rate remains unchanged when chromosome pairs are entirely homeologous. Vitis rotundifolia, an American species related to the cultivated European grapevine Vitis vinifera, has a high level of resistance to several grapevine major diseases and is consequently a valuable resource for grape breeding. However, crosses between both species most often lead to very few poorly fertile hybrids. Read More

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December 2018
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Delegating sex: differential gene expression in stolonizing syllids uncovers the hormonal control of reproduction.

Genome Biol Evol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Life Sciences, The Natural History Museum of London, Cromwell Road, London, United Kingdom.

Stolonization in syllid annelids is a unique mode of reproduction among animals. During the breeding season, a structure resembling the adult but containing only gametes, called stolon, is formed generally at the posterior end of the animal. When stolons mature, they detach from the adult and gametes are released into the water column. Read More

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December 2018

The Downside Risk of Failing to Transcend Extraordinarily Negative Experiences: A Narrative Analysis.

Authors:
Cabrini Pak

Mil Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Oblates of the Virgin Mary, 2 Ipswich Street, Boston, MA.

Introduction: American service members who survived a trauma like a prisoner of war (POW) experience and successfully rebounded afterwards present outcomes of resilience that merit further exploration. Difficulties in defining or measuring human resilience in the clinical setting have been acknowledged for some time, with a call for greater openness to lessons from other disciplines. Transcendence as an identity-enhancing experiential process of meaning-making may offer insights that complement medical and psychological care. Read More

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December 2018

Persistent disparities over time in the distribution of sugar-sweetened beverage intake among children in the United States.

Am J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Nutrition.

Background: Recent research suggests that sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption has been declining among US children aged 2-18 y. However, most studies focused on changes in mean intake, ignore high SSB consumers and do not examine intake among vulnerable groups and, including adolescents, low-income households, and several racial/ethnic minorities.

Objective: The aim was to estimate usual SSB intake from NHANES surveys from 2003-2004 to 2013-2014 to examine shifts at both the median and 90th percentile among US children, evaluating the extent to which intake disparities in total SSBs and subtypes have persisted. Read More

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December 2018

Questions for Artificial Intelligence in Health Care.

JAMA 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Institute for Informatics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri.

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December 2018

Feasibility and potential efficacy of commercial mHealth/eHealth tools for weight loss in African American breast cancer survivors: pilot randomized controlled trial.

Transl Behav Med 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, USA.

Weight management after breast cancer (BC) treatment in African American (AA) women is crucial to reduce comorbid conditions and health disparities. We examined feasibility and potential efficacy of commercial eHealth/mHealth tools for weight management in AA BC survivors in New Jersey. Participants (N = 35) were randomized to an intervention (SparkPeople) plus activity tracker, Fitbit Charge (n = 18), or wait-list active control group (Fitbit only, n = 17). Read More

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December 2018

Plasma concentration of trimethylamine-N-oxide and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus.

Am J Clin Nutr 2018 Sep;108(3):603-610

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Hubei Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety.

Background: The microbiota-dependent metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) has been reported as a novel and independent risk factor for the development of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, but the association with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) remains unclear.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between plasma TMAO concentration and GDM in a 2-phase study.

Design: A 2-phase design was used in the current study. Read More

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September 2018
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Field-Evolved Resistance of the Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to Synthetic Insecticides in Puerto Rico and Mexico.

J Econ Entomol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, Food Safety and Toxicology Building, East Lansing, MI.

The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith), is one of the main pests of corn in many areas of the American continent. Read More

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December 2018

The Development of a Self-Efficacy Measurement Tool For Counseling in Speech-Language Pathology.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Dec 10:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Special Education and Professional Counseling, William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ.

Purpose: This study aimed to develop and administer an adapted survey tool to measure counseling skills in graduate students and early-career speech-language pathologists, focusing on the concept of counselor self-efficacy.

Method: An online survey, adapted from the Counselor Activity Self-Efficacy Scales (Lent, Hill, & Hoffman, 2003), was administered. Two hundred ninety-four surveys were completed. Read More

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December 2018
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[Remarks on the possibility of the introduction of fractionated dose of the inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine in the Latin American Child Immunization Schedule].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2018 Aug;35(4):395-402

Sociedad Latinoamericana de Infectología Pediátrica, Mexico.

As last notified case of poliomyelitis due to wild poliovirus type 2 was 1999, in 2012, the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (SAGE) of the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended the withdrawal of the type 2 component of oral polio vaccine (OPV) and the introduction of bivalent OPV (bOPV) in all countries by 2016. WHO recommended also that the withdrawal should be preceded by the introduction of at least one dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) in routine immunization schedules. The introduction of IPV prior to the change of the bOPV in 2016 to trivalent OPV (tOPV) was based on the concept of ensuring that a substantial proportion of the population would be protected against type 2 polio after the removal of the type 2 OPV. Read More

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A rare case of deafness and renal abnormalities in HDR syndrome caused by a de novo mutation in the GATA3 gene.

Genet Mol Biol 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Laboratório de Genética Molecular Humana, Centro de Engenharia Molecular e Genética, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), Campinas, SP, Brazil.

HDR syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the GATA3 gene and characterized by hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural deafness and renal abnormalities. Here we report a Brazilian family, from which the proband, his mother and his grandfather were diagnosed with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Molecular screening of the GJB2, GJB6 and MTRNR1 genes in the proband showed no alterations; however, whole exome sequencing detected a heterozygous mutation, c. Read More

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November 2018

Evidence for regional aeolian transport of freshwater micrometazoans in arid regions.

Limnol Oceanogr Lett 2018 Aug 13;3(4):320-330. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX.

While separated by large expanses of dry terrain unsuitable for aquatic biota, aridland waters possess high biodiversity. How aquatic micrometazoans disperse to, and colonize, these isolated ephemeral habitats are not well understood. We used a multi-faceted approach including wind tunnel and rehydration experiments, and next-generation sequencing to assess potential movement of diapausing propagules of aquatic invertebrates by anemochory across regional scales (10-10 km). Read More

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Anterolateral Ligament Reconstruction Practice Patterns Across the United States.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Dec 3;6(12):2325967118811063. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Background: A proposed mechanism for recurrent instability following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is failure of the anterolateral ligament (ALL). Presently, there are a number of approaches to treating ALL pathology.

Purpose: To determine practice patterns among orthopaedic surgeons regarding ALL during ACL reconstruction. Read More

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December 2018

The More the Merrier? Should Antibiotics be Used for Rhinoplasty and Septorhinoplasty?-A Review.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 16;6(10):e1972. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Southern California-Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, Calif.

Background: With antimicrobial resistance a global threat, optimizing antibiotic usage across the surgical continuum is vital. The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation recently published the first guidelines addressing management in rhinoplasty. The authors reviewed pertinent literature on the role of systemic antibiotics in rhinoplasty and septorhinoplasty. Read More

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October 2018

Do Academic Health Care Systems Really Value Education? A Survey of Academic Plastic Surgeons.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 16;6(10):e1948. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Department of Plastic Surgery, Cleveland, Ohio.

Background: Although education is critical to the mission of academic medical centers in the United States, it is often not quantified and monetized as are their research and clinical missions. We undertook this survey to assess the perceived valuation of educational endeavors of plastic surgeon faculty at the U.S. Read More

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October 2018
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Bilateral same-session flexible ureterorenoscopy for renal and/or ureteric stone disease treatment.

Arab J Urol 2018 Dec 18;16(4):441-445. Epub 2018 May 18.

Department of Urology, Hisar Intercontinental Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of bilateral same-session flexible ureterorenoscopy (f-URS) in the treatment of bilateral renal and/or ureteric stone disease.

Patients And Methods: From October 2007 to December 2015, 62 patients who had undergone bilateral, same-session f-URS were included in the study. The procedures were performed under general anaesthesia, in lithotomy, and initiated on the side in which the patient was clinically symptomatic or on the side in which the stone was smaller. Read More

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December 2018

Radical nephrectomy and intracaval thrombectomy for advanced renal cancer with extensive inferior vena cava involvement utilising cardiopulmonary bypass and hypothermic circulatory arrest: Is it worthwhile?

Arab J Urol 2018 Dec 30;16(4):378-385. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Department of Urology, University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff, UK.

Objective: To report our long-term outcomes of surgical treatment of renal tumours with inferior vena cava (IVC) tumour thrombus above the hepatic veins, utilising cardiopulmonary bypass (CBP) and hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA), as surgical resection remains the only effective treatment for renal cancers with extensive IVC tumour thrombus.

Patients And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 48 consecutive patients (median age 58 years) who underwent surgical treatment for non-metastatic renal cancer with IVC tumour thrombus extending above the hepatic veins. Perioperative, histological, disease-free (DFS) and overall survival (OS) data were recorded. Read More

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December 2018

Postnatal Growth Restriction Is Reduced If Birth Weight Is Used for Nutritional Calculations in ELBW Infants.

Int J Pediatr 2018 11;2018:2045370. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

University of Health Sciences, Farmington, CT, USA.

Since fluid and nutrition needs and delivery in ELBW infants are calculated based on their body weights, there could be a measurable difference in fluid, nutrition, and protein intake calculations based on birth weight (BW) or current weight of the infant, especially in the first two weeks of life. Theoretically, the use of current daily weight (CW) for calculations may result in decreased fluid, nutrition, and protein delivery as well as a cumulative protein deficit (cPD) over the first two weeks of life until the infant regains birth weight. However, there have been no clinical studies comparing the clinical and nutritional impact of these two strategies is unknown. Read More

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November 2018