426,017 results match your criteria American Mathematical Monthly[Journal]


A chromatin modification at the crossroads of cell fates in pollen.

Plant Cell 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Assistant Features Editor, The Plant Cell, American Society of Plant Biologists, Rockville, Maryland MD20855, USA.

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Better to keep silent: Chromatin-mediated repression of ABA biosynthesis and signaling genes allows seed germination.

Plant Cell 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Assistant Features Editor, The Plant Cell, American Society of Plant Biologists, USA.

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ProPACC: Protocol for a Trial of Integrated Specialty Palliative Care for Critically Ill Older Adults.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2022 Jun;63(6):e601-e610

Program on Ethics and Decision Making, The Clinical Research, Investigation, and Systems Modeling of Acute Illness (CRISMA) Center, Department of Critical Care Medicine (S.K.A., G.V., R.A.B., E.H.P.B., D.M., S.K., R.O., J.S., D.B.W.), University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA; Palliative Research Center (PaRC) (R.A.B., J.R., K.B.B., A.T., L.A.K., J.S., R.A., Y.S., D.B.W.), University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Each year, approximately one million older adults die in American intensive care units (ICUs) or survive with significant functional impairment. Inadequate symptom management, surrogates' psychological distress and inappropriate healthcare use are major concerns. Pioneering work by Dr. Read More

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The UK's U-turn on obesity is a failure of leadership.

BMJ 2022 May 20;377:o1285. Epub 2022 May 20.

World Obesity Federation; Advisory Group, Our Views Our Voices, NCD Alliance.

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Geriatric Assessment Reveals Actionable Impairments in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Candidates Ages 18-80 Years.

Transplant Cell Ther 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Division of Hematologic Malignancies and Cellular Therapy, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.

Background: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) is a potentially curative treatment for both malignant and non-malignant hematologic diseases; however, rates of treatment-related mortality (TRM) approach 30%. Outcomes are worse in patients who begin HCT with functional impairments.

Objective: To detect impairments, a geriatric assessment (GA) is recommended in adults 65 years and older. Read More

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Efficacy of chemical and Photoactivated disinfectants against Candida Albicans and assessment of hardness, roughness, and mass loss of acrylic denture base resin.

Authors:
Fahad Alkahtani

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2022 May 17:102911. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj 11942, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Aim: The present study aimed to assess the antimicrobial efficacy of hematoporphyrin derivative, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), glutaraldehyde (GaH), and a chlorhexidine (CHX) on mass loss (ML), microhardness, and surface roughness (Ra) of acrylic denture base colonized with C. Albicans.

Material And Methods: A total of 40 heat cure acrylic resin dentures were fabricated and inoculated by the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) of C. Read More

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Multiancestral polygenic risk score for pediatric asthma.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Center for Autoimmune Genomics and Etiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229; Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229; Division of Allergy & Immunology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229. Electronic address:

Background: Asthma is the most common chronic condition in children and the third leading cause of hospitalization in pediatrics. The genome-wide association study catalog reports 140 studies with genome wide significance. A polygenic risk score (PRS) with predictive value across ancestries has not been evaluated for this important trait. Read More

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Current state of unhealthy living characteristics in White, African American and Latinx populations.

Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Healthy Living for Pandemic Event Protection (HL - PIVOT) Network, Chicago, IL, USA; Fisher Institute of Health and Well-Being, College of Health, Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA.

The United States (US) is similar to most industrialized countries in that it falls short on many of the basic metrics related to cardiovascular and overall health. These metrics include nutritional patterns, levels of physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and prevalence of overweight and obesity. These issues are even more apparent in underserved communities, among whom unhealthy living characteristics cluster and contribute to a disproportionate chronic disease burden. Read More

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Cost-effectiveness of locally prepared Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty grafts in Edmonton.

Can J Ophthalmol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta.

Objective: This study aimed to show the cost-effective benefits of creating a sustainable local program where Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) grafts were prepared locally instead of imported from American eye banks.

Design: Retrospective observational study.

Methods: In 2018, 2 local technicians were trained to prestrip DMEK grafts in Edmonton up to 2 days before surgery when local donor tissue was available. Read More

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Vaccine hesitancy in American healthcare workers during the COVID-19 vaccine roll out: an integrative review.

Public Health 2022 Apr 1;207:94-104. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

New York University, Rory Meyers College of Nursing, 433 First Avenue, New York, NY 10010, USA.

Objective: The purpose of this integrative review is to examine the literature on vaccine hesitancy among American healthcare workers during the COVID-19 vaccine rollout.

Methods: A review of quantitative literature on acceptance, intention, refusal, or hesitation to accept the COVID-19 vaccine was conducted, searching in PubMed, Cumulative Index for Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PsycINFO, and Web of Science. Because of the immediacy of the topic, research letters were included in addition to articles. Read More

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Predictors of prolonged stay after laryngeal surgery for benign neoplasms in children.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2022 May 14;158:111181. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Jacobs School Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at the University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Pediatric benign laryngeal tumors can often be treated as same-day surgeries. This study identified factors associated with prolonged hospital stay in children undergoing laryngeal surgery for benign tumors.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of records of pediatric patients who underwent laryngeal surgery with a post-op diagnosis of benign tumor was performed with the American College of Surgeons Pediatric National Surgery Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP-P) database (2014-2018). Read More

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Eviction, intimate partner violence and HIV: Expanding concepts and assessing the pathways through which sexual partnership dynamics impact health.

Soc Sci Med 2022 May 11;305:115030. Epub 2022 May 11.

American University, Department of Sociology, 4400 Massachusetts Avenue, Washington DC, 20016, USA. Electronic address:

Over 2 million renters in the United States are legally evicted annually, and even more renters experience other landlord-related forced moves each year. While past research has documented an association between legal eviction and HIV risk, no studies have examined the relationship between forced moves and sexual partnership dynamics longitudinally, or the pathways through which forced moves impact such risk. Addressing this gap is imperative, particularly given inequities that place Black renters and women at disproportionate risk of eviction. Read More

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Screening of highly discriminative microhaplotype markers for individual identification and mixture deconvolution in East Asian populations.

Forensic Sci Int Genet 2022 May 15;59:102720. Epub 2022 May 15.

National Engineering Laboratory for Forensic Science, Key Laboratory of Forensic Genetics of Ministry of Public Security, Institute of Forensic Science, Ministry of Public Security, Beijing 100038, China. Electronic address:

Microhaplotypes are forensic genetic markers that combine single nucleotide polymorphisms in close proximity to one another. Highly discriminative microhaplotype markers could be superior to short tandem repeats (STRs) in DNA mixture deconvolution investigations because they are not interfered by stutters. In this study, the effective number of alleles (A) and discrimination power values of microhaplotypes and STRs were compared. Read More

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Comparison of virus detection, productivity, and economic performance between lots of growing pigs vaccinated with two doses or one dose of PRRS MLV vaccine, under field conditions.

Prev Vet Med 2022 May 13;204:105669. Epub 2022 May 13.

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Department, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA. Electronic address:

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes a significant economic impact on swine production. It has been demonstrated that PRRS modified-live virus (MLV) vaccination of pigs, with one full dose, significantly reduces clinical consequences of wild-type PRRSV infection compared to non-vaccinates. However, there is limited information about the effect that two doses of PRRSV MLV vaccine have on the performance of growing pigs, compared to vaccination with a single dose. Read More

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Adventive Larval Parasitoids Reconstruct Their Close Association with Spotted-Wing Drosophila in the Invaded North American Range.

Environ Entomol 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Summerland Research and Development Centre, Summerland, BC, Canada.

Two species of larval parasitoids of the globally invasive fruit pest, Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae), Leptopilina japonica, and Ganaspis brasiliensis (both Hymenoptera: Figitidae), were detected in British Columbia, Canada in 2016 and 2019, respectively. Both are presumed to have been unintentionally introduced from Asia; however, the extent of their establishment across different habitats with diverse host plants used by D. suzukii was unclear. Read More

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Simplifying Treatment Criteria in Chronic Hepatitis B: Reducing Barriers to Elimination.

Clin Infect Dis 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Hepatitis B Foundation, Doylestown, PA, USA.

Background: Early, sustained hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA suppression reduces long-term risks of hepatocellular carcinoma. Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treatment criteria are complex. Simplifying criteria will improve timely linkage-to-therapy. Read More

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Disaggregation of Asian American and Pacific Islander Women With Stage 0-II Breast Cancer Unmasks Disparities in Survival and Surgery-to-Radiation Intervals: A National Cancer Database Analysis From 2004 to 2017.

JCO Oncol Pract 2022 May 20:OP2200001. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan Kettering, New York, NY.

Purpose: Aggregation of Asian Americans (AAs) with Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (NHPIs) masks significant health disparities. We evaluated overall survival (OS) and surgery-to-radiation intervals (STRIs) among AA and NHPI women with early-stage breast cancer.

Methods: This National Cancer Database study included women with stage 0-II breast cancer diagnosed between 2004 and 2017. Read More

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Estrogen for the Treatment and Prevention of Breast Cancer: A Tale of 2 Karnofsky Lectures.

Cancer J 2022 May-Jun 01;28(3):163-168

From the Department of Breast Medical Oncology, University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX.

Abstract: In 1971, Sir Alexander Haddow et al. delivered the inaugural David A. Karnofsky lecture at the American Society for Clinical Oncology. Read More

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Educators' Views on the Use of Dissection and Dissection Alternatives in American Biology Classrooms.

Altern Lab Anim 2022 May 20:2611929221096578. Epub 2022 May 20.

The National Anti-Vivisection Society, Chicago, IL, USA.

Animal dissection remains a common practice in American biology classrooms, despite the availability of dissection alternatives to study anatomy and physiology. Indeed, there is a growing body of evidence in the literature suggesting that the use of alternatives leads to the greater achievement of learning objectives, as compared to dissection. To better understand the current use of and attitudes toward dissection and alternatives, a nationwide survey of (mainly high-school) biology teachers ( = 2687) was conducted. Read More

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Impact of breakthrough COVID-19 cases during the Omicron wave on vascular health and cardiac autonomic function in young adults.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Kinesiology, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas, United States.

We and others have previously shown that COVID-19 results in vascular and autonomic impairments in young adults. However, the newest variant of COVID-19 (Omicron) appears to have less severe complications. Therefore, we investigated whether recent breakthrough infection with COVID-19 during the Omicron wave impacts cardiovascular health in young adults. Read More

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Advancement toward predicting maternal vascular adaptations to pregnancy.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas, United States.

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Assessment of Bias in Patient Safety Reporting Systems Categorized by Physician Gender, Race and Ethnicity, and Faculty Rank: A Qualitative Study.

JAMA Netw Open 2022 May 2;5(5):e2213234. Epub 2022 May 2.

Office of Faculty Development and Diversity, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California.

Importance: Patient safety reporting systems (PSRSs) are designed to decrease the risk of harm to patients due to medical errors. Owing to the voluntary nature of PSRSs, implicit bias of the reporter may affect the management of safety events reported. Stanford Alert For Events (SAFE) is the PSRS used at Stanford Health Care. Read More

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Association of Trimethylamine N-Oxide and Metabolites With Mortality in Older Adults.

JAMA Netw Open 2022 May 2;5(5):e2213242. Epub 2022 May 2.

Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Little is known about the association of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a novel plasma metabolite derived from L-carnitine and phosphatidylcholine, and related metabolites (ie, choline, betaine, carnitine, and butyrobetaine) with risk of death among older adults in the general population.

Objective: To investigate the associations of serial measures of plasma TMAO and related metabolites with risk of total and cause-specific death (ie, deaths from cardiovascular diseases [CVDs] and non-CVDs) among older adults in the US.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This prospective cohort study involved 5333 participants from the Cardiovascular Health Study-a community-based longitudinal cohort of adults aged 65 years or older-who were followed up from June 1, 1989, to December 31, 2015. Read More

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Precision nutrition in diabetes: when population-based dietary advice gets personal.

Authors:
Jordi Merino

Diabetologia 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Diabetes Unit and Center for Genomic Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Diet plays a fundamental role in maintaining long-term health, with healthful diets being endorsed by current dietary guidelines for the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. However, the response to dietary interventions varies widely, highlighting the need for refinement and personalisation beyond population-based 'one size fits all'. This article reviews the clinical evidence supporting precision nutrition as a fundamental approach for dietary advice in diabetes. Read More

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The impact of pre-morbid headaches on headache features and long-term health outcomes following traumatic brain injury: Insights from the American Registry for Migraine Research.

Headache 2022 May;62(5):566-576

Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.

Objective: To investigate the impact of having headaches prior to traumatic brain injury (TBI) on headache features and long-term patient health outcomes.

Background And Methods: This was an exploratory analysis of patients with TBI who were enrolled in the American Registry for Migraine Research (ARMR), a multicenter, prospective, longitudinal patient registry composed of patients with International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition (ICHD-3)-defined headache diagnoses. The ARMR study enrolled 2,707 patients between February 1, 2016 and May 6, 2020, 565 of whom qualified for this analysis. Read More

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Diagnosis and treatment of thyroid cancer in adult patients - Recommendations of Polish Scientific Societies and the National Oncological Strategy. 2022 Update [Diagnostyka i leczenie raka tarczycy u chorych dorosłych - Rekomendacje Polskich Towarzystw Naukowych oraz Narodowej Strategii Onkologicznej. Aktualizacja na rok 2022].

Endokrynol Pol 2022 ;73(2):173-300

Department of Nuclear Medicine and Endocrine Oncology, Maria Sklodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology, Gliwice Branch, Gliwice, Poland.

The guidelines Thyroid Cancer 2022 are prepared based on previous Polish recommendations updated in 2018. They consider international guidelines - American Thyroid Association (ATA) 2015 and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN); however, they are adapted according to the ADAPTE process. The strength of the recommendations and the quality of the scientific evidence are assessed according to the GRADE system and the ATA 2015 and NCCN recommendations. Read More

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January 2022