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    2599 results match your criteria American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education [Journal]

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    Design and Evaluation of Video Podcasts for Providing Online Feedback on Formative Pharmaceutical Calculations Assessments.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Dec;81(10):6400
    School of Pharmacy, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.
    To evaluate worked example video podcasts as a method of providing feedback to pharmacy interns for an online and formative pharmaceutical calculations assessment.A theory-informed approach based on multimedia learning theory was used to design video podcasts as feedback on a calculations examination. A mixed-methods evaluation completed by pharmacy interns enrolled in Ireland's National Pharmacy Internship Programme was used to establish cognitive and affective attitudes toward video podcasts compared with conventional written solutions. Read More

    Design and Implementation of a Professional Development Course Series.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Dec;81(10):6394
    Western New England University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Springfield, Massachusetts.
    To design and implement a longitudinal course series focused on professional development and professional identity formation in pharmacy students at Western New England University.A four-year, theme-based course series was designed to sequentially and longitudinally impart the values, attributes, and characteristics of a professional pharmacist. Requirements of the course include: goal planning and reflective assignments, submission of "Best Works," attendance at professional meetings, completion of service hours, annual completion of a Pharmacy Professionalism Instrument, attendance at Dean's Seminar, participation in roundtable discussions, and maintenance of an electronic portfolio. Read More

    Impact of Pre-Pharmacy Work Experience on Development of Professional Identity in Student Pharmacists.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Dec;81(10):6141
    Campbell University College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, Buies Creek, North Carolina.
    To determine the benefit of pharmacy work experience on the development of student pharmacists' professional identity.Students in all four professional years were surveyed using a validated Professional Self-identity Questionnaire (PSIQ). They were also asked about pharmacy experience prior to matriculation and their performance on Drug Information tests given midway through the P1 year and at the beginning of the P3 year. Read More

    Evaluation of a Unique Interprofessional Education Program Involving Medical and Pharmacy Students.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Dec;81(10):6140
    School of Pharmacy, University of Waterloo, Kitchener, Ontario, Canada.
    To measure changes in interprofessional competencies among pharmacy and medical students following a half-day event focusing on interprofessional learning.There were 118 pharmacy students and 28 medical students who participated in the Healthcare Interprofessional Education Day (HIPED) which consisted of three stations (communication, patient interviewing, and prescribing) in which pharmacy and medical students had to work collaboratively. The standardized Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Survey (ICCAS) was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the program. Read More

    Cost-Effectiveness of Using Standardized Patients to Assess Student-Pharmacist Communication Skills.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Dec;81(10):6120
    Marshall University School of Pharmacy, Huntington, West Virginia.
    To explore the cost-effectiveness of including standardized patients (SP) in the didactic curriculum for application and assessment of students' pharmacist-patient communication skills.Five role play/case study (RP/CS) activities from a communication skills curriculum were replaced with five SP encounters. Communication was assessed using a rubric. Read More

    Pharmacists' Opinions of the Value of CAPE Outcomes in Hiring Decisions.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Dec;81(10):6112
    University of the Pacific, Stockton, California.
    The Hiring Intent Reasoning Examination (HIRE) was designed to explore the utility of the CAPE 2013 outcomes attributes from the perspective of practicing pharmacists, examine how each attribute influences hiring decisions, and identify which of the attributes are perceived as most and least valuable by practicing pharmacists.An electronic questionnaire was developed and distributed to licensed pharmacists in four states to collect their opinions about 15 CAPE subdomains plus five additional business related attributes. The attributes that respondents identified were: necessary to be a good pharmacist, would impact hiring decisions, most important to them, and in short supply in the applicant pool. Read More

    Pharmacy Residency School-wide Match Rates and Modifiable Predictors in ACPE-accredited Colleges and Schools of Pharmacy.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Dec;81(10):6109
    School of the Community Health Sciences, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Nevada.
    To analyze the modifiable predictors of institution-wide residency match rates.This was a retrospective analysis of colleges and schools of pharmacy data and school-wide PGY-1 pharmacy residency match rates for 2013 through 2015. Independent variables included NAPLEX passing rates, history of ACPE probation, NIH funding, academic health center affiliation, dual-degree availability, program length, admit-to-applicant ratio, class size, tuition, student-driven research, clinically focused academic tracks, residency affiliation, U. Read More

    Design and Implementation of an Elective on the Ethnopharmacology of Appalachia for the PharmD Curriculum.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Dec;81(10):6100
    University of Charleston School of Pharmacy, Charleston, West Virginia.
    To create and implement a class in ethnopharmacology that would educate student pharmacists on folk medicine, including home remedies and native plants that are used as alternative medicinal sources; active components of medicinal plants including toxicity issues and the mechanism of action of beneficial compounds, such as catechins and other flavonoids; and nutraceuticals and poisonous plants.In this three-credit hour class, herbal remedies are investigated from the standpoints of medical efficacy, potential toxicities and drug interactions with prescribed medications. Class discussions are conducted on the usefulness of remedies, the attitudes of practitioners toward traditional remedy use and the risks of relying on herbal preparations. Read More

    A Qualitative Study Designed to Build an Experiential Education Curriculum for Practice-Ready Community Pharmacy-Bound Students.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Dec;81(10):6055
    University of Washington School of Pharmacy, Seattle, Washington.
    To design an experiential education curriculum that sequentially and deliberately prepares community pharmacy-bound graduates to practice at the level of the care provider and display the skills needed to be a pharmacist-in-charge.Semi-structured interviews were conducted with community pharmacy stakeholders. Transcriptions from the interviews were analyzed to identify common themes in needed community pharmacy training for core and elective advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs). Read More

    Contemporary Professional Skills Development for Pharmacists in the Middle East.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Dec;81(10):6042
    College of Pharmacy, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
    To determine professional skills development and its utility among the "bridge" curriculum for undergraduate and graduate students in the Middle East.Qatar University College of Pharmacy offers a part-time Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) program for licensed pharmacists, which includes pre-internship or "bridge" courses adapted from the undergraduate baccalaureate program. Assessments for all professional skills courses delivered in the undergraduate and post-baccalaureate part-time PharmD curriculums between 2011 and 2015 academic years were inventoried. Read More

    Assessment of Learner Metacognition in a Professional Pharmacy Elective Course.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Dec;81(10):6034
    Wingate University School of Pharmacy, Wingate, North Carolina.
    To investigate the effect of strategic feedback and metacognitive processes on learners' ability to predict performance and improve self-awareness.Strategic faculty and peer feedback, as well as self-assessments, were implemented in a professional pharmacy elective course throughout the semester, focused on three case-based oral presentations. After each presentation, students utilized an objective rubric to determine self-predicted and peer-predicted scores. Read More

    Components of a Measure to Describe Organizational Culture in Academic Pharmacy.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Dec;81(10):6022
    Touro University California College of Pharmacy, Vallejo, California.
    To develop a measure of organizational culture in academic pharmacy and identify characteristics of an academic pharmacy program that would be impactful for internal (eg, students, employees) and external (eg, preceptors, practitioners) clients of the program.A three-round Delphi procedure of 24 panelists from pharmacy schools in the U.S. Read More

    The Report of the 2016-2017 Professional Affairs Standing Committee: Formally Embracing and Engaging Preceptors in the Academy - The Time Has Come.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Nov;81(9):S16
    American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Alexandria, VA.
    The 2016-2017 AACP Professional Affairs Committee (PAC) was charged to examine strategies to include adjunct/affiliate preceptors as AACP members and to determine the value proposition of AACP membership for this group of educators. The PAC defined adjunct/affiliate preceptors as preceptors who are neither full-time employees nor have a primary employment commitment (≥50% of the preceptor's work salary) at a school/college of pharmacy. Specific charges to the PAC included: recommend an approach to increase the number of adjunct/affiliate preceptors as AACP members, examine AACP membership from an adjunct/affiliate preceptor value perspective, and prepare a concise summary of available literature describing value-added contributions of student pharmacists and pharmacy preceptors to pharmacy practice models, interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional practice (IPP). Read More

    Engaging Pharmacy Students in Research Through Near-Peer Training.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Nov;81(9):6340
    Midwestern University, Chicago College of Pharmacy, Downers Grove, Illinois.
    To describe the implementation of a near-peer training model within a student research program.A near-peer training model was implemented in a pharmacy student research program to promote development of effective teaching skills and research competencies. Under the supervision of a research mentor, senior learners precepted junior learners in various aspects of translational research. Read More

    An Approach for Some in Advanced Pharmacy Informatics Education.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Nov;81(9):6241
    Lipscomb University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Nashville, Tennessee.
    Computerization is transforming health care while the quantity and complexity of biomedical knowledge rapidly grows. Today, all clinicians use health information technology (HIT), but only some pharmacists need to be cross-trained in "all" that advanced informatics entails so they can devise new and better information systems to support the pharmacy practice of the future. We propose a dual approach to informatics education in pharmacy: incorporate fundamental informatics education into pharmacy curricula for all students; and train some students interested in becoming informatics experts to design, develop, implement, and evaluate novel HIT for pharmacy. Read More

    Identifying Shared Values for School-Affiliated Student Organizations.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Nov;81(9):6076
    Division of Practice Advancement and Clinical Education, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
    To identify shared values for student organizations.A three-round Delphi approach was utilized to identify and prioritize shared values among student organization leadership. In round 1, student leaders selected 15 values from a list of 36 organizational values and were given an opportunity to include up to five suggestions not incorporated within the original list. Read More

    Measuring Up - Defining the Quality of PharmD Programs.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Nov;81(9):6071
    University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut.
    To define quality and associated metrics related to Doctor of Pharmacy degree programs.A three round Delphi process and online survey tool were employed to constitute and query an expert panel of randomly selected pharmacy deans representing a proportional share of public and private schools. Participants were asked about measures used to evaluate the quality of their schools; agreement was assessed for each quality category and metric identified; rankings were reported in order of importance. Read More

    Moving from Novice to Expertise and Its Implications for Instruction.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Nov;81(9):6065
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
    To address the stages of expertise development, what differentiates a novice from an expert, and how the development and differences impact how we teach our classes or design the curriculum. This paper will also address the downside of expertise and discuss the importance of teaching expertise relative to domain expertise.Experts develop through years of experience and by progressing from novice, advance beginner, proficient, competent, and finally expert. Read More

    Reassessment of Health-System Capacity for Experiential Education Requirements.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Nov;81(9):6014
    Center on Pharmacy Practice Advancement, Bethesda, Maryland.
    To provide an update to the 2007 ASHP-AACP survey by examining the current capacity of hospitals/health systems' ability to conduct experiential education for doctor of pharmacy students.Pharmacists identified as pharmacy directors were sent an invitation to participate in an online survey tool. The survey tool asked IPPE- and APPE-specific questions, the nature of support provided by colleges/schools of pharmacy, the types of experiences available for students, and the factors influencing the quality, value, and challenges of experiential education. Read More

    Nordic Pharmacy Schools' Experience in Communication Skills Training.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Nov;81(9):6005
    University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    To assess communication skills training at Nordic pharmacy schools and explore ways for improvement.E-mail questionnaires were developed and distributed with the aim to explore current practice and course leaders' opinions regarding teaching of patient communication skills at all the 11 master level Nordic (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) pharmacy schools. The questionnaires contained both closed- and open-ended questions. Read More

    Forty Years of ACPE CPE Accreditation.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Nov;81(9):5998
    Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), Chicago, Illinois.
    The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) Continuing Pharmacy Education (CPE) Provider Accreditation Program has been in existence for 40 years. During this time, the program has expanded and has been offered to a various types of providers, not only academic-based providers. ACPE credit has been offered to an increasing number of pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, and other health professionals. Read More

    Student Engagement with a Flipped Classroom Teaching Design Affects Pharmacology Examination Performance in a Manner Dependent on Question Type.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Nov;81(9):5931
    Monash University, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
    To investigate the relationship between student engagement with the key elements of a flipped classroom approach (preparation and attendance), their attitudes to learning, including strategy development, and their performance on two types of examination questions (knowledge recall and providing rational predictions when faced with novel scenarios).This study correlated student engagement with the flipped classroom and student disposition to learning with student ability to solve novel scenarios in examinations.Students who both prepared for and attended classes performed significantly better on examination questions that required analysis of novel scenarios compared to students who did not prepare and missed classes. Read More

    Aligning the AACP Strategic Engagement Agenda with Key Federal Priorities in Health: Report of the 2016-17 Argus Commission.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):S15
    Staff liaison, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy.
    The Argus Commission identified three major federal priorities related to health care, including the precision medicine initiative, the Cancer Moonshot and the opioid abuse epidemic. Current activities at the federal level were summarized and an analysis of activities within the profession, and academic pharmacy specifically, was prepared. The implications for pharmacy education, research and practice are compelling in all three areas. Read More

    AACP Special Taskforce White Paper on Diversifying Our Investment in Human Capital.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):S13
    American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy.
    The 2015-2017 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) Special Taskforce on Diversifying our Investment in Human Capital was appointed for a two-year term, due to the rigors and complexities of its charges. This report serves as a white paper for academic pharmacy on diversifying our investment in human capital. The Taskforce developed and recommended a representation statement that was adapted and adopted by the AACP House of Delegates at the 2016 AACP Annual Meeting. Read More

    Report of the 2016-2017 Student Affairs Standing Committee.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):S12
    American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy.
    The 2016-2017 AACP Student Affairs Standing Committee addressed charges related to recruitment to the profession of pharmacy and a national awareness campaign for pharmacy careers, as well as promotion of student wellness and stress management. The Committee report provides six recommendations to the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) and one proposed policy statement for the AACP House of Delegates related to recruitment to the pharmacy profession. The Committee report also provides three recommendations to AACP and one proposed policy statement for the AACP House of Delegates related to student wellness and stress management. Read More

    Competency, Programming, and Emerging Innovation in Graduate Education within Schools of Pharmacy: The Report of the 2016-2017 Research and Graduate Affairs Committee.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):S11
    University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy, Chicago, Illinois.
    Graduate education in the pharmaceutical sciences is a cornerstone of research within pharmacy schools. Pharmaceutical scientists are critical contributors to addressing the challenges of new drug discovery, delivery, and optimal care in order to ensure improved therapeutic outcomes in populations of patients. The American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) charged the 2016-2017 Research and Graduate Affairs Committee (RGAC) to define the competencies necessary for graduate education in the pharmaceutical sciences (Charge 1), recommend collaborative curricular development across schools of pharmacy (Charge 2), recommend AACP programing for graduate education (Charge 3), and provide guidance on emerging areas for innovation in graduate education (Charge 4). Read More

    The Report of the 2016-2017 Advocacy Standing Committee.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):S10
    American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy.
    Based on the growing importance of community engagement and the recognition of its importance by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP), the committee offers several examples of community engagement activities for consideration and replication by our academy and beyond. These activities, including those of winning institutions of the Lawrence J. Weaver Transformational Community Engagement Award, can be mapped to the core components of community engagement presented in Table 1. Read More

    Targetingwithin Pharmacy Education.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):6243
    University of Toledo College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Toledo, Ohio.
    Formative assessment is critical for deliberate improvement, development and growth. While not entirely synonymous,(AFL) is an approach using formative assessment to specifically improve students' learning. While using formative assessments, AFL can also have summative programmatic-assessment implications. Read More

    Predisposition for Empathy, Intercultural Sensitivity, and Intentions for Using Motivational Interviewing in First Year Pharmacy Students.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):5989
    Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama.
    To assess first-year pharmacy (P1) students' predispositions (eg, perceptions for empathy, intercultural sensitivity, and motivational interviewing (MI) as a patient-centered communication skillset) and identify potential curricula content/communication skills training needs.A cross-sectional survey was used to collect students' self-reported perceptions for empathy, intercultural sensitivity, counseling contexts, and projected future MI use. Relationships between variables were explored and logistic regression was used to evaluate intention for using MI in future patient encounters. Read More

    Incidence of Self-Reported Depression Among Pharmacy Residents in Tennessee.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):5960
    Lipscomb University College of Pharmacy, Nashville, Tennessee.
    To assess the incidence of self-reported depression among pharmacy residents in Tennessee.A 50-question survey was distributed to pharmacy residency program directors across Tennessee. Using questions modified from the Major Depression Inventory scale, subjects were asked to identify personal signs or symptoms of depression. Read More

    An Analysis of California Pharmacy and Medical Students' Dietary and Lifestyle Practices.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):5956
    Touro University College of Pharmacy, Vallejo, California.
    To assess dietary and lifestyle practices of pharmacy and medical students in California and investigate whether they adhered to behaviors consistent with current dietary and exercise guidelines.The Block Brief 2000 Food Frequency Questionnaire and a supplemental survey assessing demographics, exercise, and dietary behaviors were administered to students across 10 California pharmacy and medical schools.While the majority of students consumed sodium <2300 mg/day (73%) and dietary cholesterol <300 mg/day (84%), only 50% had a saturated fat intake ≤10% total kcal, 13% met fiber intake goals, 10% consumed ≥8 servings/day of fruit and vegetables, and 41% exercised ≥150 minutes/week. Read More

    Pharmacognosy, a Classical Theme Tuned to a Contemporary Melody.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):5953
    Tompkins-McCaw Library for the Health Sciences, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.
    To describe the development of a pharmacognosy course that uses a combination of didactic teaching, team-based projects, and practicum laboratory practice.A course titled "Pharmacognosy" was developed by applying a three-tier teaching methodology: in the classroom, the basic concepts and principles were introduced in a didactic manner; outside the classroom, students worked in teams and each team created an independent literature-based research project that was submitted as a poster presentation; in the pharmacy practicum laboratory, students worked individually and conducted a quality control experiment comprised of a quantitative analysis of an herbal product.During the seven-year course implementation, 1091 first-year PharmD students participated in the course. Read More

    Clinical Track Program Expansion Increases Rotation Capacity for Experiential Program.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):5937
    University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, Maryland.
    To evaluate the rotation capacity at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy and see if the implementation of clinical track programs across the state correlates to an increase in rotation capacity for the school.The following information was collected: number of preceptors over the years in the school's experiential learning program, number of clinical track programs from 2012 to 2015, rotation type, availability submissions per rotation type per year, and availability submissions per hospital participant in the clinical track program per year. The rotation capacity and rotation types from 2012 to 2015 academic years were assessed and compared to see if there was any impact on the clinical track programs implemented. Read More

    Design and Validation of Patient-Centered Communication Tools (PaCT) to Measure Students' Communication Skills.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):5927
    St. Louis College of Pharmacy, St. Louis, Missouri.
    To develop a comprehensive instrument specific to student pharmacist-patient communication skills, and to determine face, content, construct, concurrent, and predictive validity and reliability of the instrument.A multi-step approach was used to create and validate an instrument, including the use of external experts for face and content validity, students for construct validity, comparisons to other rubrics for concurrent validity, comparisons to other coursework for predictive validity, and extensive reliability and inter-rater reliability testing with trained faculty assessors.Patient-centered Communication Tools (PaCT) achieved face and content validity and performed well with multiple correlation tests with significant findings for reliability testing and when compared to an alternate rubric. Read More

    Insights From the Defining Issues Test on Moral Reasoning Competencies Development in Community Pharmacists.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):5913
    University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
    To investigate whether a profession-specific educational intervention affected the development of moral reasoning competencies in community pharmacists, as measured by the Defining Issues Test (DIT2).This research used a repeated measures pre-post educational intervention design as a quasi-randomized, controlled, crossover study to evaluate changes in the moral reasoning scores of 27 volunteer community pharmacists in Ireland.Changes in pharmacists' moral reasoning competencies development, as reported by P-Scores and N2-Scores, were found to be significant. Read More

    Establishing the Validity and Reliability Evidence of Preceptor Assessment of Student Tool.
    Am J Pharm Educ 2017 Oct;81(8):5908
    University of Arizona College of Pharmacy, Tucson, Arizona.
    To evaluate the validity and reliability evidence of the preceptor assessment of student tool (PAST) which was designed to assess doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) student rotation performance.Evaluation data were loaded into WINSTEPS software to conduct a Rasch rating scale analysis. Validity evidence was examined from construct and content validity perspectives, and reliability was assessed via student and item separation index and reliability coefficient. Read More

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