1,358 results match your criteria American Journal of Health Behavior[Journal]


Health Information Seeking versus Avoiding: How Do College Students Respond to Stress-related Information?

Authors:
Weijia Shi

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):437-448

Doctoral Student, Hubbard School of Journalism and Mass Communication, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN;, Email:

Given the prevalence of stress among young adults and its impact on overall health, it is important to understand how college students respond to stress and stress management messages and which factors influence subsequent health information engagement. In the current study, I used an experimental design to test whether the variables of risk percep tion, response efficacy, and source credibility can exert an impact on a convenient sample of undergraduate students at a large Midwestern public university in the health context of stress and stress management. Both risk perception and response efficacy were positively associated with health information seeking and negatively associated with health information avoiding, but only risk perception had a strong and statistically significant influence on information engagement. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.18
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.18DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Home Environment Factors and Health Behaviors of Low-income, Overweight, and Obese Youth.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):420-436

Professor, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Bronx, NY.

Home environment may influence children's health behaviors associated with obesity. In this study, we examined home environment factors associated with diet and physical activity behaviors of overweight or obese youth. We analyzed baseline data from child and parent/caregiver dyads enrolled in an urban family weight management program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.17DOI Listing

Warning Labels on Sugar-sweetened Beverages: An Eye Tracking Approach.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):406-419

Senior Social Scientist, RTI International, Center for Health Policy Science and Tobacco Research, Research Triangle Park, NC.

In this study, we examined visual attention of a warning label on a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) and its effects on visual attention to SSB product descriptors and perceptions of SSB using eye tracking technology. We had 180 young adults view an image of a generic soda can with or without a text warning on a computer monitor. Participants spent less time looking at marketing elements on the can in the "Warning" condition compared to the "No warning" (control) condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.16DOI Listing

Mediating Role of Fall-related Efficacy in a Fall Prevention Program.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):393-405

Associate Professor and Co-Director Center for Population Health and Aging, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.

We examined the multidimensionality of the new Perceived Ability to Prevent and Manage Fall Risks (PAPMFR) scale that assesses fall-related efficacy (FE) and the mediating role of EF between fear of falling (FOF) and functional mobility (FM). We carried out a secondary data analysis of 552 participants (mean age = 76.45, SD = 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.15DOI Listing

Effect of Cigarette Rod Length on Smokers Switching to SPECTRUM Cigarettes.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):380-392

Professor of Public Health Sciences and Psychiatry, Department of Public Health Sciences, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA.

Cigarettes vary in rod length but are generally thought of as a constant unit. In this study, we evaluated whether the rod length of participants' usual brand cigarettes affected their perceptions and smoking habits when switching to SPECTRUMs. Data were analyzed for 341 participants smoking their own brand cigarettes for one week and after switching to normal nicotine content (11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419764PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Modifiable Risk Factors and Readiness to Change among Homeless Adults.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):373-379

University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK.

In this study, we examined the prevalence of modifiable health risk factors (eg, smoking, unsafe sexual practices, at-risk drinking, low fruit/vegetable consumption, inadequate physical activity, and overweight/obesity) and readiness to change among homeless adults in Oklahoma City, OK. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship between self-rated health and readiness to change. We examined readiness to change using "ladder of change" variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.13DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Young Adults' Opioid Prescription History and Opioid Misuse Perceptions.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):361-372

Senior Vice President, Schroeder Institute at Truth Initiative, Washington, DC.

In this study, we investigated perceptions of prescription opioid misuse among young adults who had or had not been prescribed opioids in the past. Participants from a national online panel, age 18-34 (N = 1220), completed a survey about their medical use of opioids and their perceptions of the risks and prevalence of opioid misuse and dependence. Associations between prescription history and perceptions of opioids were tested using generalized ordered logistic models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.12DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Why and How Should I Exercise? A Content Analysis of Popular Magazines.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):349-360

Assistant Professor, Department of Kinesiology, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC.

In this study, we investigated how exercise is portrayed in popular, non-fitness focused magazines targeting various audiences. Ten popular magazines were selected based on target audience (Teens, Young Adults, Family, Middle-Aged Adults, Older Adults). Ten digital articles from each magazine's health/fitness section were coded for the primary reason to exercise, the frequency, intensity, time, and type of exercise recommended, and whether their recommendations were evidence-based. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.11DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Ethnic Disparities in Physical Activity among Adolescents in Israel.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):337-348

The International Research Program on Adolescent Well-Being & Health, School of Education, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel.

In this study, we examined physical activity (PA) levels among Jewish and Arab adolescents in Israel, as well as factors associated with PA. We used a socio-ecological framework to understand differences in levels of PA across ethnic groups and the factors associated with these differences. We used data based on the Israeli population as reported in the 2014-15 Health Behavior of School-Aged Children standardized survey, which studied 16,145 Israeli adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.10DOI Listing

Live, Love, Juul: User and Content Analysis of Twitter Posts about Juul.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):326-336

Department of Information Sciences & Technology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA.

In this study, we identified patterns of communication around Juul use and users on Twitter. Public tweets were collected from April 27, 2018 until June 27, 2018. We categorized 1008 randomly selected tweets on 4 dimensions: user type, sentiment, genre, and theme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.9DOI Listing

Parent Support, Perceptions, and Child Attributes Affect Child Activity.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):311-325

Assistant Professor, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO.

In this study we examined the moderation effects of child attributes on the relationship between parent perception of child coordination, physical activity (PA) parenting practices, child enjoyment of PA, and child PA participation and examined the mediation effects of PA par enting practices and child PA enjoyment on the association between parent perception of child coordination and PA participation. Parents (N = 120) provided consent and completed data about their children's PA and related correlates. We used linear regression to examine child sex, age, race, and weight status as moderators, and to examine parent support and child enjoyment as mediators of the relationship between child coordination and PA participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.8DOI Listing

Brain Health and Dementia Prevention: A Mixed-method Analysis.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):300-310

Executive Director and Senior Investigator, Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, Seattle, WA.

In this study, we assessed patient knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes about brain health and strategies for Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) prevention. We administered a Web-based survey consisting of 17 questions about brain health and strategies for ADRD prevention in a convenience sample of 1661 patients in an integrated healthcare delivery system in Washington state between February and March 2018. We calculated frequency distributions of the quantitative data and conducted inductive content analysis of qualitative data. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.7DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Substance Use, Depression, and Illness Perception Among Cancer Patients.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):287-299

Director, Center for Excellence in Behavioral Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA;, Email:

Research demonstrates a link between alcohol and tobacco use in the development of cancer, but limited research exists regarding substance use after a cancer diagnosis. In this study, we examine the rates of alcohol and tobacco use in advanced cancer patients, investigate the link between depression and tobacco and alcohol use pre- and post-diagnosis, and determine the relationship between illness perception and tobacco and alcohol use post-diagnosis. We performed a secondary data analysis on 2 prospective studies of patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.6DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Sources of Awareness of JUUL E-cigarettes in 2 Surveys of Adults in the United States.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):279-286

Stadtman Investigator, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, Bethesda, MD.

Since their introduction in 2015, JUUL e-cigarettes have gained >60% of the United States (US) 2018 retail market share among branded e-cigarette companies. The sources through which consumers learn about JUUL e-cigarettes is not known. We assessed the sources of awareness about JUUL through 2 cross-sectional surveys of US adults (Survey 1: 502 18-24 year-olds; Survey 2: 803 smokers age 18+). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438162PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Multi-item Measures of Tobacco Health Perceptions: A Review.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):266-278

Food and Drug Administration, Center for Tobacco Products, Office of Science, Silver Spring, MD.

In this paper, we review multi-item measures of tobacco risk perceptions and health beliefs, describe the measures' content and quality, and identify measure development opportunities. We identified 110 articles that included measures assessing perceptions of tobacco's health effects by combining multiple items into a score. We coded measures' provenance (newly developed vs built on prior measures), content, consistency with risk-perception researcher recommendations (eg, specifying use conditions), samples used, and reliability and validity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.4DOI Listing

Experiences of Stigma-Stress among People Living with Psoriasis in the United States.

Authors:
Alex R Parkhouse

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):243-257

Department of Sociology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD;, Email:

Stigma and stress affect multiple domains of life among stigmatized people. However, although both stigma research and stress research advance, more can be done to connect these 2 important lines of sociological inquiry. To address this gap, 23 semi-structured interviews were conducted with study participants in the United States to examine the daily lived experiences of stigma-stress among people living with psoriasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.2DOI Listing

Resistance Training and Insulin Sensitivity in Youth: A Meta-analysis.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Mar;43(2):228-242

Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education, East Stroudsburg University, East Stroudsburg, PA.

Past research has explored pooled effects of aerobic exercise modalities on cardiometabolic health markers in children and adolescents. However, much less is known regarding the pooled effect of resistance training interventions on metabolic health. The purpose of this study was to examine the pooled effect of resistance training interventions on insulin sensitivity in children and adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.2.1DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Inching Up and Socio-economic Differentiation: Exploring Self-rated Health of China's Rural-to-Urban Migrants from 2005 to 2015.

Authors:
Senhu Wang

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):117-125

Department of Sociology, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge, UK.

Large-scale rural-to-urban migration in China has stimulated heated discussion about rural migrants' poor health status. This article reports the first study in China that compares the aggregate-level change in self-rated health of rural migrants between 2005 and 2015, and explores whether the difference, if any, can be explained by their different public health insurance enrollment status due to China's health reforms in the late 2000s. It also explores whether the aggregate-level change in migrants' self-rated health differs across different education levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.10DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Subjective Social Status and Unhealthy Behaviors among South Korean Adults.

Authors:
Jihyung Hong

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):100-116

Department of Healthcare Management, Gachon University, Seongnam, South Korea.

This study was an exploration of the associations between socioeconomic status (SES), particularly subjective social status (SSS), and unhealthy behaviors among South Korean adults. Data were taken from the 2013 Korea Health Panel survey data. SSS was measured using the MacArthur scale. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.9DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Adolescent Adversity and Concurrent Tobacco, Alcohol, and Marijuana Use.

Authors:
Naomi N Duke

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):85-99

Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, University of Minnesota Department of Pediatrics, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Adolescent health behaviors may be linked to elevated morbidity and mortality in adulthood. This study examines relationships between broad concepts for adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adolescent substance use outcomes among youth participating in a statewide, school-based survey. Data are from 8, 9, and 11 graders participating in the 2016 Minnesota Student Survey (N = 126,868). Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.8DOI Listing
September 2018
29 Reads

Asthma Predictors Influence on Self-management Asthma Education Status.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):74-84

Department of Sociology & Criminal Justice, Texas A&M University-Commerce, Commerce, TX, USA.

The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of adults with active asthma who were most likely to acquire self-management asthma component education. We analyzed adult data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)-Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS). Multivariate logistic regression and multivariate linear regression models were used to analyze the association between asthma self-management education and predictors. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.7DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Adolescent Nonmedical Use of Opioids and Alcohol Mixed with Energy Drinks.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):65-73

Texas State University, Department of Health and Human Performance, San Marcos, TX, USA.

In this study, we examined the relationship between alcohol mixed with energy drink use (AmED) and nonmedical prescription opioid use among 12th graders, using data from the 2015 Monitoring the Future Study. Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney and logistic regression analyses were used to determine differences in nonmedical prescription opioid use by students who used alcohol-only (AO) versus AmED and to identify covariates of nonmedical prescription opioid use. Greater frequency of AmED use was associated with greater frequency of nonmedical Oxycontin (r = 0. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.6DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

Using an e-Cigarette is Like Eating Tofu When You Really Want Meat.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):54-64

Clinical Research Coordinator, Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Whereas controversy about the e-cigarette's effectiveness and safety as a smoking cessation tool continues, e-cigarette use prevalence continues rising. In this study, we sought to describe experiences of adult e-cigarette users and to examine their motivations, beliefs, and use patterns. This qualitative study included one-on-one semi-structured phone interviews with 20 current California e-cigarette users (mean age = 38 ± 9. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.5DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Impact of Work Schedule, Race, and Psychological Distress among Impoverished Mothers.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):43-53

College of Health and Behavioral Sciences, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN, USA.

We tested the relationships among work schedule, race, and psychological distress in impoverished working mothers. Baseline data from a longitudinal cohort study of impoverished mothers (N = 285) were analyzed. The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) was utilized to measure levels of psychological distress. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.4DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Youth Swimming Ability and Associated Factors in the United States, 2010-17.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):32-42

School of Health Studies, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA.

Learning to swim is recommended for children to prevent drowning and to promote lifelong physical activity. Dissimilar US youth swimming ability rates by demographics have been reported. Our research purpose was to examine youth swimming ability by selected variables, and to compare with similar research in 2010. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.3DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads

Obesity Prevalence and Voting Behaviors in the 2016 US Presidential Election.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):21-31

Department of Kinesiology and Community, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA.

We assessed the relationship between county-level prevalence of adult obesity and voting behaviors in the 2016 US presidential election. Spatial autoregressive regression was performed to examine county-level obesity rate in relation to the vote margin for the Republican Party presidential candidate, defined as the percentage difference in votes received by the Republican presidential candidate and those received by the Democratic presidential candidate, adjusting for county sociodemographics and state fixed effects. A quadratic association was found between county-level obesity rate and the vote margin for the Republican Party presidential candidate-the margin increased when obesity rate increased from 11. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.2DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads

Marketing Self-management Education: Lessons on Messaging and Framing.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):3-20

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Arthritis Program, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Self-management education (SME) refers to educational interventions that help individuals with chronic diseases maintain or improve their quality of life. To help increase SME participation, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted audience research to assess feasibility of a campaign to market SME as a chronic disease management strategy and increase future receptivity to specific SME programs. Twenty focus groups were conducted in 3 rounds across 8 cities with men and women ages 45-75 with a variety of, or multiple, chronic conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.1DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Financial Distress and Smoking-induced Deprivation in Smokers with Depression.

Authors:
Erin S Rogers

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):219-227

NYU School of Medicine, Department of Population Health, New York, NY;, Email:

Tobacco use may be related to financial strain in people with depression. This study explored the relationship among tobacco expenditures, financial distress, and smoking-induced deprivation (SID) in smokers with and without depression. Adult tobacco users in the United States (N = 234) completed a survey assessing depression (PHQ-8≥10), sociodemographics, tobacco use and spending, financial satisfaction and distress, and SID. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.18DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Grit is Associated with Food Security among US Parents and Adolescents.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):207-218

Professor and Department Head, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Urbana, IL;, Email:

We investigated whether the Short Grit Scale (Grit-S) predicted odds of food insecurity (FI) among adults and their children. A cross-sectional panel of parent-child dyads completed an online questionnaire. Eligible dyads included parents with household income below the 2015 median ($52,250 USD/year) and their self-selected household child between the ages of 13 to 17 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.17DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Motivating Inactive Seniors to Participate in Physical Activity: A Pilot RCT.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):195-206

Department of Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

We investigated the potential of social support in an adherence intervention to foster physical activity (PA) among sedentary older adults. We compared 2, 9-week intervention programs aimed at increasing PA levels in older persons. One program offered PA alone, whereas the other combined a PA program with a social adherence intervention (PASAI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.16DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Adolescent Depression: National Trends, Risk Factors, and Healthcare Disparities.

Authors:
Wenhua Lu

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):181-194

Department of Childhood Studies, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Camden, NJ;, Email:

This study examines national trends in the prevalence, risk factors, and treatment of depression among adolescents and investigate disparities in their mental health service use in the US. Data for adolescents aged 12 to 17 years (N = 95,856) who participated in the annual, cross-sectional National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) from 2011 to 2016 were pooled and analyzed. Time trends and predictors of adolescents' depression and treatment were examined using Pearson's χ² test and multivariable logistic regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.15DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Modeling the Mixed Effects of Living Standard and Consumer-oriented Behavior on Obesity.

Authors:
Tao Zhang

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):168-180

Associate Professor, School of Public Administration, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao, China;, Email:

This study investigates how daily consumer-oriented behaviors affect the prevalence of obesity in the older population in China. The demographic characteristics and living standard indicators are considered to capture the effects of various factors on obesity. This study employs the discrete choice regressions to investigate the associations among 18 influential covariates and obesity for aging adults in China in 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.14DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A Cafeteria Personnel Intervention to Improve the School Food Environment.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):158-167

Associate Professor, Department of Health Behavior and Policy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA.

In this study, we examined the impact of an intervention targeting food service personnel on Smarter Lunchroom adherence in school cafeterias. This study used a quasi-experimental design, conducted in a Virginia school district serving predominantly African-American children, all eligible for free meals. In 2014-15, cafeteria managers (N = 38) from 43 schools were trained (and tasked with training their staff) on principles of behavioral economics and choice architecture designed to enhance students' food selections via modifications to the cafeteria environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.13DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Changes in Leisure Time Physical Activity Preferences and Hypertension Risk.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):145-157

Associate Professor, Department of Health Promotion, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE.

In this study, we examined the association between changes in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) preference (the extent to which participants liked or disliked certain types of physical activity) and the incidence of hypertension; we also assessed whether the association differed between urban and rural China. Based on longitudinal data from 2687 Chinese adults between 2004 and 2011, we performed multivariate logistic regressions were to assess the aforementioned association. We conducted stratified analyses to examine the urban-rural differences in this association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.12DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

College Student Beliefs and Behavior Regarding Sharing When Smoking Hookahs.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):133-144

Director, Center for Behavioral Epidemiology and Community Health (CBEACH), San Diego State University Research Foundation, San Diego, CA.

We examined college students' beliefs and behavior regarding sharing when smoking a hookah, a practice that may involve substantial risk of disease transmission. We carried out a cross-sectional Web-based survey of undergraduate ever users of hookah (N = 970) at a US university in 2007. Hookah sharing started at initiation of hookah use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.11DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Application of the Transtheoretical Model to Physical Activity and Exercise Behaviors in African-American Adolescents.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):119-132

Associate Professor, School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI;, Email:

In this study, we examined the inter-relationships between Transtheoretical Model (TTM) constructs (stages of change, self-efficacy, decisional balance, processes of change) and determined the utility of TTM to predict physical activity in African-American youth. A community-based sample of 109 African-American youth (62% girls, age: 14.8 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.10DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Chronic Health Condition Influences on Client Perceptions of Limited or Non-choice Food Pantries in Low-income, Rural Communities.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):105-118

Associate Professor, Purdue University, Lafayette, IN.

Food insecurity and diet-related chronic health conditions are interrelated problems in rural communities. The population facing such outcomes may rely on food pantries as a way to gain access to food. Many food pantries use a traditional distribution model that restricts choice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.9DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Electronic Cigarette Policy Recommendations: A Scoping Review.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):88-104

College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ.

There is a lack of consensus on whether e-cigarettes facilitate or threaten existing tobacco prevention strategies. This uncertainty is reflected in organizations' conflicting e-cigarette position statements. We conducted a scoping review of position statements in published and gray literature to map the range and frequency of e-cigarette use recommendations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.8DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Beliefs about E-cigarettes: A Focus Group Study with College Students.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):76-87

Director, Tobacco Research Programs, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

In this study, we consider how best to prevent recreational uptake of e-cigarettes among tobacco nonusers; it is important to investigate the underlying beliefs that young adults have about e-cigarettes and package elements. Using the focus group method of belief elicitation, we explore underlying belief structures that undergraduate students at a large Midwestern public university have about e-cigarettes. Beliefs are analyzed using the constantcomparative approach and categorized using the theory of planned behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.7DOI Listing
January 2019
18 Reads

Factor Analysis Test of an Ecological Model of Physical Activity Correlates.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):57-75

University of Minnesota, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, Minneapolis, MN.

The fit of measured variables into a social-ecological model of correlates of physical activity is rarely tested. In this study, we examined the factor structure of correlates of moderate/vigorous physical activity (MVPA) within a hypothesized social-ecological model. We measured 46 possible personal, social and environmental correlates of MVPA in 2779 adolescents participating in the Project EAT-2010 study. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296241PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Increasing Home Smoking Restrictions Boosts Underserved Moms' Bioverified Quit Success.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):50-56

Professor, School of Nursing and Health Sciences, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, PA.

Standard smoking cessation treatments remain relatively ineffective in vulnerable populations. This study tested whether efforts to restrict residential smoking mediated the counseling treatment - smoking cessation association in a child tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) reduction trial. Maternal smokers (N = 300) with young children from low-income minority communities were randomized to counseling or standard care control to promote child TSE reduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.5DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Characterizing Alcohol Use Behaviors among Homeless Men and Women.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):37-49

Associate Professor, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma Tobacco Research Center, Oklahoma City, OK.

In this study, we characterized alcohol use behaviors by sex among sheltered homeless adults and explored associations with health and readiness to change drinking behaviors. Participants (N = 581; 63.7% men; M = 43. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296245PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

The Interrelationship between Race, Social Norms, and Dietary Behaviors among College-attending Women.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):23-36

Maryland Hunger Solutions, Food Research and Action Center, Baltimore, MD.

The association between social norms and dietary behaviors is well-documented, but few studies examine the role of race. The aim of this study was to determine the interrelationships among race, social norms, and dietary behaviors. We used data from the Healthy Friends Network Study (a pilot study of women attending a southern university). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.3DOI Listing
January 2019
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Adolescent Tobacco Uptake and Other Substance Use: A Latent Class Analysis.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):3-14

The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), School of Public Health, Austin Campus, Austin, TX;, Email:

The purpose of this study was to identify patterns of tobacco uptake and other substance use, from early to late adolescence. We used weighted latent class analysis, conducted separately for 7, 9, and 11 graders, to assess patterns of susceptibility, ever and current use of combustible tobacco and e-cigarettes, and other substance use (ie, current alcohol, binge drinking, and marijuana). Data were from Wave 3 of the Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance System (n = 2733; N = 461,069), collected in fall 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364971PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

State Laws Governing Competitive Foods and Beverages Sold in Schools and Childhood Obesity among Children with Special Healthcare Needs, 2007-2016.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):124-133

Objective In this study, we assessed the impact of state laws governing competitive foods/beverages sold in schools on childhood overweight/obesity among children aged 10-17 years with and without special healthcare needs (SHCN). Methods Individual-level data from 2007-2008, 2011-2012, and 2016 National Survey of Children's Health (N = 108,009) were merged to data on state codified laws regulating competitive foods/beverages sold in schools based on children's residential state and survey year. State random-effect logistic regressions were performed to estimate the odds of childhood overweight/obesity in relation to the presence and strength of competitive food/beverage laws, adjusting for child/family characteristics and state soda sales tax. Read More

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http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.12
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.12DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

A Focus Group Study Observing Maternal Intention to Use a WIC Education App.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):110-123

Objective In this study, we sought to determine technology acceptance of a mobile application (app) to facilitate healthy behaviors as perceived by English- and Spanish-speaking participants of the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Methods Our sample was 48 mothers (78% Hispanic-American) at WIC clinics in south-central Texas. Through 6 focus groups, we explored user intention of a wireframe app prototype. Read More

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http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.11
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.11DOI Listing
November 2018
28 Reads

E-cigarettes and Tobacco Exposure Biomarkers among American Indian Smokers.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):101-109

Objective We assessed associations between electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and smoking-related measures among American Indians (AIs) who smoke. MethodsWe collected baseline survey and smoking biomarker data in a cohort of 375 adult AI smokers at a Cherokee Nation healthcare facility in Oklahoma. We used multivariate logistic and linear regression analyses to determine associations between e-cigarette use and smoking-related characteristics, including biomarkers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263116PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Using a Smoking Cessation Quitline to Promote Lung Cancer Screening.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):85-100

Objective We assessed whether in-depth messaging delivered via a smoking cessation quitline results in participants: (1) speaking to their physician, or (2) insurance company regarding lung cancer screening (LCS). MethodsEligible participants lived in New York State and met the United States Preventive Services Task Force eligibility criteria for LCS (N = 1000). A randomized trial was conducted among New York State Smokers' Quitline participants to assess the impact of a brochure containing information on risks, benefits, and costs associated with LCS (control group) versus the brochure supplemented with phone-based in-depth messaging (treatment group). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.9DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads