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    1253 results match your criteria American Journal of Health Behavior[Journal]

    1 OF 26

    Clinic Appointment Attendance in Adults with Serious Mental Illness and Diabetes.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):810-821
    Professor of Psychiatry, Neurology and Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Neurological Institute, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH.
    Objectives: We assessed characteristics that may predict outpatient appointment attendance in outpatient medical clinics among patients comorbid for serious mental illness (SMI) and type 2 diabetes (DM).

    Methods: Baseline covariate data from 200 individuals with SMI-DM enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) were used to examine characteristics associated with electronic health record-identified clinic appointment attendance using a generalized estimating equations approach. The analyses evaluated the relationship between clinic attendance and potentially modifiable factors including disease knowledge, self-efficacy, social support, physical health, and mental health, as well as demographic information. Read More

    Discrepancy in Motivation for Weight Loss and Exercise in Rural Patients.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):803-809
    Assistant Director, Rural Health Research Institute, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA.
    Objectives: We explored the extent to which discrepancy between motivation for weight loss and exercise is related to obesity among rural patients with chronic disease, and identified the psychosocial correlates of this discrepancy.

    Methods: 497 patients with diabetes and/or hypertension were recruited from a network of Federally Qualified Health Centers in the rural South and completed a battery of assessments.

    Results: Most persons in the sample (83. Read More

    Development and Validation of the Outcome Expectations for Yoga Scale.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):796-802
    Professor, Center for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI.
    Objective: Our objective was to develop an instrument that can measure outcome expectations of yoga and to evaluate the instrument for internal consistency and initial construct validity.

    Methods: A 20-item scale was developed to assess physical, mental, and spiritual health benefits related to yoga practice among adults. The scale was tested in a baseline survey with adults participating in a clinical trial. Read More

    Maintenance of Lifestyle Changes at 12-month Follow-up in a Nutrition and Physical Activity Trial for Cancer Survivors.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):784-795
    Associate Professor, School of Medicine and Public Health, Priority Research Center for Health Behavior, Priority Research Center in Physical Activity and Nutrition, Hunter Medical Research Institute, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW (Australia).
    Objectives: In this paper, we report maintenance of behavior change in a nutrition and physical activity intervention for cancer survivors at 12-months follow-up.

    Methods: The ENRICH (Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) program was an 8-week face-to-face program for cancer survivors and caregivers, focused on healthy eating, healthy weight, resistance training, and a walking program. Randomized controlled trial participants completed a survey and 7-days of pedometry at baseline, 8-weeks, and 20-weeks. Read More

    Household Food Security Discordance Among Latino Adolescents and Parents.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):775-783
    Florida State University, Department of Family and Child Sciences, Tallahassee, FL.
    Objectives: We determined the degree of parent-adolescent concordance in reported household food security, and delineated variation in concordance as a function of selected household and parent-adolescent relationship characteristics.

    Methods: Cross-tabulations and Cohen's Kappa determined concordance. Multinomial logistic regressions delineated variation in concordance as a function of selected household and parent-adolescent relationship characteristics for Latino parent and adolescent dyads (N = 70). Read More

    Distress Tolerance Links Sleep Problems with Stress and Health in Homeless.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):760-774
    Associate Professor, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma Tobacco Research Center, Oklahoma City, OK.
    Objective: We examined associations between sleep problems, distress intolerance, and perceived stress and health in a convenience sample of homeless adults.

    Methods: Participants (N = 513, 36% women, Mage = 44.5 ±11. Read More

    E-cigarette Use and Cigarette Smoking Cessation among Texas College Students.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):750-759
    Professor and Regional Dean, University of Texas School of Public Health, Austin, TX.
    Objectives: We examined the relationships between e-cigarette use and subsequent cigarette smoking behaviors at 6- and 12-month follow-ups among young adults.

    Methods: Participants were 18-29 year-old current and former cigarette smokers (N = 627) at 24 Texas colleges, participating in a 3-wave study. Multi-level, multivariable logistic regression models, accounting for school clustering, examined the impact of self-reported use of e-cigarettes on cigarette smoking status at 6- and 12-month follow-ups. Read More

    Who Enrolls in a Quit Smoking Program with Yoga Therapy?
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):740-749
    Post-Doctoral Fellow, Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI.
    Objectives: Yoga may improve stress, affect, and weight control, all of which are commonly cited barriers to quitting smoking. However, the importance of these concerns may vary by sex, race, ethnicity, and age. We examined smoking-relevant characteristics of individuals enrolling in an 8-week randomized controlled trial testing yoga as a complementary treatment to standard smoking cessation. Read More

    Promoting the Well-being of Urban Youth through Drama-based Peer Education.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):728-739
    The College of New Jersey, Department of Psychology, Ewing, NJ.
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine youths' perceptions of a drama-based peer education approach to promote adolescent well-being.

    Methods: High school students facilitated workshops on one of 7 topics (eg, dating violence) for 4733 urban elementary, middle, and high school students. Audience members' perceptions of workshop content and implementation were examined. Read More

    The Influence of Self-efficacy in Medical Drama Television Programming on Behaviors and Emotions that Promote Cervical Cancer Prevention.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):719-727
    Assistant Professor, The Edward R. Murrow College of Communication, Washington State University, Pullman, WA.
    Objectives: We explored the influences of medical drama viewing on health behaviors and emotions, and examined the role of self-efficacy in medical drama programming.

    Methods: A single-factor, 2-condition experimental design that manipulated self-efficacy levels was adopted. A total of 131 female undergraduate students who were likely involved with the issues of HPV vaccination and cervical cancer participated in this experiment. Read More

    Food Melt in Consumer Food Environments in Low-income Urban Neighborhoods.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):710-718
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
    Objectives: We systematically evaluated changes in availability, price, and quality of perishable food items from the beginning to the end of the month in lowincome, urban neighborhoods.

    Methods: The sample included grocery stores or supermarkets in Cleveland, Ohio, within neighborhoods with >30% of population receiving food assistance. We collected data for 2 sequential months during the first and fourth weeks of each month. Read More

    Survey Development to Assess College Students' Perceptions of the Campus Environment.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):701-709
    Professor, Rutgers University, Department of Nutritional Sciences, New Brunswick, NJ.
    Objective: We developed and tested a College Environmental Perceptions Survey (CEPS) to assess college students' perceptions of the healthfulness of their campus.

    Methods: CEPS was developed in 3 stages: questionnaire development, validity testing, and reliability testing. Questionnaire development was based on an extensive literature review and input from an expert panel to establish content validity. Read More

    The Prevalence of Violent Behavior among Lebanese University Students: Association with Behavioral and Mental Health Factors.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):693-700
    Professor, Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany.
    Objectives: We estimated the prevalence of 2 key violent behaviors (weapons carrying and physical fighting), determined the health risk correlates of violent behavior, such as current tobacco smoking, alcohol binge drinking, and having multiple sexual partners, and investigated the potential mental health factors related to violent behavior among Lebanese university students.

    Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, data were collected from 450 Lebanese university students based on proportionate cluster sampling. Various health and behavioral risk factors were considered for the analyses. Read More

    The Perceived Impact of I am Moving, I am Learning on Physical Activity and Family Involvement: A Preliminary Investigation.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):683-692
    Professor, West Virginia University, College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Department of Coaching and Teaching Studies, Morgantown, WV.
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived impact of I am Moving, I am Learning (IMIL) on physical activity (PA) levels, along with family and community involvement in a Head Start program in Illinois.

    Methods: Employing qualitative methods, data were collected via a parent/caregiver survey and program staff focus groups in Rock Island, Illinois.

    Results: IMIL was perceived to have made an impact in several areas including knowledge, health-related behaviors, and supportive school and home environments. Read More

    Effectiveness of Social Media-based Interventions on Weight-related Behaviors and Body Weight Status: Review and Meta-analysis.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):670-682
    School of Sports Journalism and Foreign Studies, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China.
    Objectives: We reviewed scientific literature regarding the effectiveness of social media-based interventions about weight-related behaviors and body weight status.

    Methods: A keyword search were performed in May 2017 in the, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Web of Science databases. Read More

    Perceived Barriers and Facilitators to Healthy Eating and School Lunch Meals among Adolescents: A Qualitative Study.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):661-669
    Sol Price School of Public Policy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.
    Objectives: We explored how perceived barriers and facilitators influence healthy eating and investigated the acceptability of changes to school lunch meals among adolescents after implementation of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010.

    Methods: We conducted 8 focus groups with adolescents (N = 64) at 3 South Los Angeles high schools. Data collection instruments included a semi-structured guide and questionnaire. Read More

    Demographic Factors Predict Disparities in Number of Assets Youth Possess.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):652-660
    University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK.
    Objectives: This study's purpose was to determine if youth race/ethnicity, youth age and sex, parent income and education, household wealth, family poverty, and family structure were prospectively associated with youth assets in a community-based sample of racially/ethnically and economically-diverse youth and their parents.

    Methods: Five waves of data were collected annually (2003 to 2008) from youth (N = 1111; Mean age = 14.4 years, SD = 1. Read More

    Immigrant Enclaves and Inadequate Prenatal Care among Mexican-origin Mothers.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):642-651
    Assistant Professor, School of Social Transformation, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ;, Email:
    Objectives: This study is an investigation of the relationships between residing in different types of ethnic enclave neighborhoods and inadequate use of prenatal care among Mexican-origin mothers.

    Methods: A unique dataset was created using National Center for Health Statistics 2008 restricted-use detailed natality files, the 2005-2009 American Community Survey, and the Department of Health and Human Services Area Resource file. Hierarchical modeling was used. Read More

    Fall-related Comorbidity and Health Beliefs among Cancer Survivors Participating in a Community-based Exercise Intervention.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):630-641
    Associate Professor, Department of Health and Human Sciences, Seaver College of Science and Engineering, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA.
    Objectives: Health beliefs (HB) and fall and balance-related outcomes were examined following a 26-week community-based exercise intervention among cancer survivors (CS).

    Methods: Fall and balance-related measures and HB were quantitatively and qualitatively examined during a 26-week intervention among CS (N = 33). Of the 33 participants, 28 consented to an interview about their physical activity (PA) behavior. Read More

    Perceived Influences on Farmers' Market Use among Urban, WIC-enrolled Women.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):618-629
    Scientist/Research Nutritionist and Associate Professor of Pediatrics, USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.
    Objectives: We identified perceived barriers and facilitators to purchasing fruits and vegetables (FV) at farmers' markets, FV shopping practices, and reactions to a planned online lesson to promote farmers' market use among urban, inner-city WIC-enrolled women.

    Methods: Thirteen focus groups were conducted with 3-5 participants each (N = 54).

    Results: Common barriers were structural (transportation issues) and informational (not knowing the locations of markets). Read More

    Prevalence and Factors Associated with Smokeless Tobacco Use, 2014-2016.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):608-617
    Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science (TCORS), School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA.
    Objectives: We aimed to determine whether the prevalence of current use of smokeless tobacco products (STPs) changed during 2014-2016 and examine factors associated with use among adults in the United States (US).

    Methods: Data were obtained from Tobacco Products and Risk Perceptions Surveys of probability samples representative of US adults in 2014, 2015, and 2016. Change over time in current (past 30 day) STP use was examined using pairwise comparisons of proportions and multivariable logistic regression. Read More

    Body Image Satisfaction as a Physical Activity Indicator in University Students.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):599-607
    Unidad de Biomedicina, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Tlalnepantla, México.
    Objective: We examined the association of body image satisfaction (BIS) with physical activity (PA) in university athletes and non-athletes from northern Mexico.

    Methods: In a non-probability cross-sectional study, 294 participants (51% male, 41% athletes; 18-35 years old) completed 2 self-administered questionnaires to evaluate BIS and PA. We categorized somatotypes (endomorphy-mesomorphy-ectomorphy) by international standardized anthropometry. Read More

    School Physical Activity Programming and Gross Motor Skills in Children.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):591-598
    Associate Professor, Department of Health, Kinesiology, and Recreation, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.
    Objective: We examined the effect of a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP) on gross motor skills in children.

    Methods: Participants were 959 children (1st-6th grade; Mean age = 9.1 ± 1. Read More

    Tobacco Marketing, E-cigarette Susceptibility, and Perceptions among Adults.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):579-590
    Associate Professor, Department of Health Behavior and Policy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA.
    Objective: Understanding the impact of tobacco marketing on e-cigarette (EC) susceptibility and perceptions is essential to inform efforts to mitigate tobacco product burden on public health.

    Methods: Data were collected online in 2016 from 634 conventional cigarette (CC) smokers and 393 non-smokers using a convenience sample from Amazon Mechanical Turk. Logistic regression models, stratified by smoking status and adjusted for socio-demographics, examined the relationship among tobacco advertisements and coupons, EC and CC susceptibility, and EC perceptions. Read More

    Determinants of Willingness to Accept Secondhand Smoke Exposure.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):571-578
    Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia;, Email:
    Objectives: In this study, the objective was to assess determinants of willingness to accept secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among dental students.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study included 420 dental students. Multiple linear regression analyses assessed the determinants of willingness to accept SHS exposure. Read More

    Psychosocial Predictors of HBV Screening Behavior among Vietnamese Americans.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):561-570
    Associate Dean for Health Disparities, Director, Center for Asian Health, Laura H. Carnell Professor and Professor in Clinical Sciences, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University Philadelphia, PA;, Email:
    Objective: We evaluated the influence of psychosocial factors on HBV screening.

    Methods: Sample consisted of 1716 Vietnamese participants in our previous HBV intervention trial, recruited from 36 community-based organizations in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York City between 2009 and 2014. Using the Health Belief Model and Social Cognitive Theory, we measured self-efficacy, knowledge, perceived barriers, perceived benefits, perceived severity, and risk susceptibility. Read More

    Physical Activity and Diabetes-related Health Beliefs of Marshallese Adults.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):553-560
    Assistant Professor, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Northwest, Fayetteville, AR;, Email:
    Objective: We sought to improve understanding of diabetes-related health beliefs and physical activity behaviors of Marshallese adults with and without type 2 diabetes (T2D).

    Methods: We used tests of comparison and regression analyses to examine data from 376 Marshallese adults collected at church-based events.

    Results: One in 5 (20. Read More

    Psychometrics Matter in Health Behavior: A Long-term Reliability Generalization Study.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):544-552
    Associate Professor and Associate Department Head, Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.
    Objectives: Despite numerous calls for increased understanding and reporting of reliability estimates, social science research, including the field of health behavior, has been slow to respond and adopt such practices. Therefore, we offer a brief overview of reliability and common reporting errors; we then perform analyses to examine and demonstrate the variability of reliability estimates by sample and over time.

    Methods: Using meta-analytic reliability generalization, we examined the variability of coefficient alpha scores for a well-designed, consistent, nationwide health study, covering a span of nearly 40 years. Read More

    A Randomized Control Intervention Investigating the Effects of Acute Exercise on Emotional Regulation.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):534-543
    Jackson Heart Study Vanguard Center of Oxford, Physical Activity Epidemiology Laboratory, Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, University, MS;, Email:
    Objectives: Exercise may help to cope with hectic or demanding events after a stressful situation occurs. Limited research has evaluated whether exercise, prior to a stressor, helps to facilitate subsequent emotional regulation. This pilot study addresses this novel paradigm. Read More

    Utility of Social Cognitive Theory in Intervention Design for Promoting Physical Activity among African-American Women: A Qualitative Study.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):518-533
    College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ.
    Objective: We examined the cultural relevance of Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) in the design of a physical activity intervention for African-American women.

    Methods: A qualitative study design was used. Twenty-five African-American women (Mean age = 38. Read More

    Health Behaviors Related to the Use of Drugs among Patients with Epilepsy.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):511-517
    Urszula Religioni, Collegium of Socio-Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland.
    Objectives: We assessed self-medication behaviors and identified factors associated with self-treatment among adults with epilepsy.

    Methods: We carried out this study on 380 patients with epilepsy using an author-designed questionnaire.

    Results: Patients who took medication more than once a day were more likely to comply with times of taking medication (p = . Read More

    Support Buffers Financial Strain's Effect on Health-related Quality of Life.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):497-510
    Associate Professor, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK.
    Objectives: Financial strain represents a perceived inability to meet financial needs and obligations and is associated with poorer health outcomes. Distinct facets of perceived social support may mitigate the deleterious effects of financial strain on health. In the present study, we examined the extent to which appraisal, belonging, and tangible social support ameliorate the effects of financial strain on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Read More

    African-American Women's Long-term Maintenance of Physical Activity Following a Randomized Controlled Trial.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):484-496
    Associate Professor, Rush University College of Nursing, Chicago, IL.
    Objectives: Our purpose was to determine long-term maintenance of physical activity (PA) following the 48-week Women's Lifestyle PA program, targeted/tailored for African-American women.

    Methods: The parent study consisted of a 3-arm randomized clinical trial with 3 assessment points: baseline (pre-intervention); 24 weeks post-baseline (end active intervention); and 48 weeks post-baseline (end maintenance intervention). Present analyses supplement the original results by adding a long-term maintenance assessment that occurred 2 to 4 years post-baseline. Read More

    The Effect of Smoking on Mental Health.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):471-483
    Professor, Brown Cancer Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY.
    Objectives: The disproportionately high smoking prevalence among persons with mental health problems has raised a concern that this population is at increased risk for smoking-related illness. We investigated the effect of smoking on mental health among US adults aged 18 and older using the 2000-2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS).

    Methods: Whereas previous literature has reported a significant association between smoking and mental health, identifying the causal pathway is difficult. Read More

    Factors Associated with Korean Immigrants' Medical Tourism to the Homeland.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):461-470
    The Graduate Center of City University of New York (CUNY), Department of Sociology, New York, NY;, Email:
    Objectives: This study examined factors associated with first-generation Korean immigrants' medical tours to the homeland, which has emerged as a field of study in immigrant medical transnationalism and immigrant healthcare behaviors.

    Methods: This paper reports survey data from 507 Korean immigrants and indepth interviews with 120 Korean immigrants in the New York-New Jersey area.

    Results: About one-fourth of survey respondents have visited their home country for medical care since their migration to the US. Read More

    Adolescent Energy Drink Use Related to Intake of Fried and High-sugar Foods.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):454-460
    Associate Professor, Texas State University, Department of Health and Human Performance, San Marcos, TX.
    Objective: We assessed the relationship between energy drinks, fried food, and high-sugar food consumption.

    Methods: Secondary analyses including Mann-Whitney U, Cohen's d and effect sizes were used to examine 7-day intakes of energy drinks, fried foods, and high-sugar foods among teenagers (N = 1570) who participated in the 2014 FLASHE Study.

    Results: Energy drink consumption during the past 7 days was reported by 14. Read More

    Health-promoting Lifestyles and Psychological Distress Associated with Well-being in Community Adults.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):446-453
    Social Worker, Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung.
    Objectives: We investigated the associations among health-promoting behaviors, psychological distress, and well-being among community residents. Well-being measurement was examined through health-promoting behaviors and psychological distress.

    Methods: From March 1 to October 31, 2016, a total of 383 community residents were assessed in their health-promoting lifestyles (HPLP-II), psychological distress (K10) and wellbeing (SWLS and PWB). Read More

    Demographic Trends in Utah College Students' Vigorous Physical Activity, 2003-2007.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):437-445
    Independent Consultant, Los Angeles, CA.
    Objectives: This analysis of a large-scale survey of college students from 2003 to 2007 explores relationships between meeting vigorous physical activity (VPA) recommendations and key demographic, lifestyle, and personal characteristics.

    Methods: Multivariate logistic regression modeling was used to analyze VPA data from the Utah Higher Education Health Behavior Survey, a descriptive cross-sectional survey conducted in 2003 (N = 4574), 2005 (N = 9673) and 2007 (N = 7938).

    Results: Factors consistently associated with meeting VPA recommendations included involvement in extracurricular sports, being single, and daily consumption of fruits or vegetables. Read More

    Food Insecurity and Pre-diabetes in Adults: Race/Ethnic and Sex Differences.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):428-436
    Assistant Professor, The University of Houston, Department of Health and Human Performance, Houston, TX.
    Objective: We examined sex and race/ethnicity differences in the association between food insecurity status and prediabetes among adults.

    Method: We used cross-sectional 2011 and 2012 National Health Interview Survey data on non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic adults aged 18-59 years whose household income was ≤ 299% Federal Poverty Line (N = 19,048). Food insecurity status was determined by 3 or more affirmative responses on the 10-item USDA Food Security Scale. Read More

    Physical Activity and Quit Motivation Moderators of Adolescent Smoking Reduction.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):419-427
    Professor, WV Prevention Research Center, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
    Objectives: We examined participant characteristics as moderators of adolescents' smoking cessation outcomes as a function of intervention: Not-on-Tobacco (N-O-T), N-O-T with a physical activity (PA) module (N-O-T+FIT), or Brief Intervention (BI).

    Methods: We randomly assigned youth (N = 232) recruited from public high schools to an intervention, and measured their baseline levels of PA and motivation to quit. The number of cigarettes/day for weekdays and weekends was obtained at baseline and 3-month follow-up. Read More

    Patterns of Sedentary Behavior in Older Adults.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):411-418
    Research Associate/Biostatistician, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.
    Objectives: We measured the volume and patterns of sedentary behavior (including breaks from sedentary behavior) in a sample of older adults via accelerometry.

    Methods: Inactive, older adults (≥50 years of age) were eligible to participate. A cut point of <100 counts/minute was used to estimate: (1) total volume; (2) > 10-, > 30-, and > 60-minute bouts; and (3) patterns of sedentary behavior according to time of day and day of the week were computed. Read More

    Ambient Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Physical Activity: A Longitudinal Study of University Retirees in Beijing, China.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):401-410
    Associate Professor, Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL.
    Objectives: We examined the longitudinal relationship between ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution and physical activity-related health behaviors among university retirees in Beijing, China.

    Methods: Annual health surveys of retirees were conducted at Tsinghua University during 2011-2016. Read More

    Emotional Appeals in HIV Prevention Campaigns: Unintended Stigma Effects.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):390-400
    PhD Candidate, Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA;, Email:
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine whether HIV/AIDS public service announcements (PSAs) that use emotional appeals have unintended effects of creating stigmatizing attitudes in their viewers.

    Methods: We analyzed data for 240 respondents located in the United States who were recruited online. Respondents were randomly assigned to one of 3 conditions, where they viewed a PSA with hope appeals, fear appeals, or non-emotional appeals. Read More

    College Students' Health Behavior Clusters: Differences by Sex.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):378-389
    Distinquised Professor, South Dakota State University, Department of Health and Nutritional Sciences, Brookings, SD.
    Objective: The study purpose was to identify clusters of weight-related behaviors by sex in a college student populations.

    Methods: We conducted secondary data analysis from online surveys and physical assessments collected in Project Young Adults Eating and Active for Health (YEAH) with a convenience sample of students on 13 college campuses in the United States. We performed 2-step cluster analysis by sex to identify subgroups with homogeneous characteristics and behaviors. Read More

    Coping Strategies and Benefit-finding in the Relationship between Non-disclosure and Depressive Symptoms among Breast Cancer Survivors in China.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):368-377
    Associate Dean for Health Disparities, Director of Center for Asian Health, Laura H. Carnell Professor and Professor in Clinical Sciences, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA;, Email:
    Objective: Open communication about cancer diagnosis and relevant stress is frequently avoided among breast cancer survivors in China. Non-disclosure behavior may lead to negative psychological consequences. We aimed to examine the relationship between non-disclosure and depressive symptoms, and the role of coping strategies and benefit-finding in that relationship among Chinese breast cancer survivors. Read More

    Health Literacy among Iranian High School Students.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):215-222
    Medical Informatics Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
    Objective: We examined the health lit- eracy status of high school students in Kerman, Iran.

    Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at high schools in Kerman. Data concerning 3 dimensions of health literacy (health knowledge, health skills and health be- haviors) were collected from 312 students using an adapted version of a valid and reliable questionnaire developed by the Ministry of Health of China. Read More

    Hepatitis B Screening & Vaccination Behaviors in a Community-based Sample of Chinese & Korean Americans in New York City.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):204-214
    SUNY Old Westbury, Department of Public Health, Old Westbury, NY, USA.
    Objectives: As Asian Americans are dis- proportionately affected by the hepatitis B virus (HBV), we explored predictors of HBV screening and vaccination among Chinese and Korean Americans.

    Methods: We used cross-sectional data from a com- munity-based sample of Chinese Americans (N = 502) and Korean Americans (N = 487) residing in the metropolitan New York City area during 2008-2009. Logistic regression models were stratified by Asian-American subgroup and sex to predict HBV screening (for the entire sam- ple) and HBV vaccination (among those not HBV positive). Read More

    A Content Analysis of Unique Selling Propositions of Tobacco Print Ads.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):194-203
    Weill Cornell Medical College, Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
    Objectives: We describe the unique selling propositions (USPs) (propositions used to convince customers to use a particular brand/product by focusing on the unique benefit) of print tobacco ads.

    Methods: A qualitative content analysis was conducted of print tobacco ads (N = 171) selected from August 2012 to August 2013 for cigarettes, moist snuff, e-cigarettes, cigars, and snus to determine the content and themes of USPs for tobacco ads.

    Results: Cigarette ad USP themes focused on portraying the product as attractive; moist snuff ads focused on portraying product as masculine; cigar ads focused on selling a "high end product;" and new and emerging tobacco products (e-cigarette, snus) focused on directly comparing these products to cigarettes. Read More

    Personal and Environmental Resources Mediate the Positivity-Emotional Dysfunction Relationship.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):186-193
    The University of Texas, Austin, TX, USA.
    Objectives: We investigated the relationships among positivity, perceived personal and environmental resources, and emotional dysfunction in adolescent girls. We hypothesized that perceived resources would mediate the relationship between positivity and emotional dysfunction.

    Methods: Participants (N = 510) attending an all-girls public school completed a survey assessing emotional dysfunction (depressive symptoms and perceived stress), positivity (positive/negative emotions), and personal/ environmental resources (resilience, hope, percent adaptive coping, community connectedness, social support, and school connectedness). Read More

    Sport Participation and Academic Achievement: A Longitudinal Study.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):179-185
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.
    Objectives: We examined the relation- ship between sport participation and academic achievement in a sample of adolescents, while accounting for socioeconomic status (SES) and sex.

    Methods: We analyzed data from a cohort of 271 Mid-Atlantic high school students who participated in a longitudinal study of risk and protective factors for substance use, teen parenting, and school drop out.

    Results: Sport participation at year one predicted academic achievement in English (p < . Read More

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