Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    1238 results match your criteria American Journal of Health Behavior[Journal]

    1 OF 25

    Perceived Barriers and Facilitators to Healthy Eating and School Lunch Meals among Adolescents: A Qualitative Study.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):661-669
    Sol Price School of Public Policy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.
    Objectives: We explored how perceived barriers and facilitators influence healthy eating and investigated the acceptability of changes to school lunch meals among adolescents after implementation of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010.

    Methods: We conducted 8 focus groups with adolescents (N = 64) at 3 South Los Angeles high schools. Data collection instruments included a semi-structured guide and questionnaire. Read More

    Demographic Factors Predict Disparities in Number of Assets Youth Possess.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):652-660
    University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK.
    Objectives: This study's purpose was to determine if youth race/ethnicity, youth age and sex, parent income and education, household wealth, family poverty, and family structure were prospectively associated with youth assets in a community-based sample of racially/ethnically and economically-diverse youth and their parents.

    Methods: Five waves of data were collected annually (2003 to 2008) from youth (N = 1111; Mean age = 14.4 years, SD = 1. Read More

    Immigrant Enclaves and Inadequate Prenatal Care among Mexican-origin Mothers.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):642-651
    Assistant Professor, School of Social Transformation, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ;, Email:
    Objectives: This study is an investigation of the relationships between residing in different types of ethnic enclave neighborhoods and inadequate use of prenatal care among Mexican-origin mothers.

    Methods: A unique dataset was created using National Center for Health Statistics 2008 restricted-use detailed natality files, the 2005-2009 American Community Survey, and the Department of Health and Human Services Area Resource file. Hierarchical modeling was used. Read More

    Fall-related Comorbidity and Health Beliefs among Cancer Survivors Participating in a Community-based Exercise Intervention.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):630-641
    Associate Professor, Department of Health and Human Sciences, Seaver College of Science and Engineering, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA.
    Objectives: Health beliefs (HB) and fall and balance-related outcomes were examined following a 26-week community-based exercise intervention among cancer survivors (CS).

    Methods: Fall and balance-related measures and HB were quantitatively and qualitatively examined during a 26-week intervention among CS (N = 33). Of the 33 participants, 28 consented to an interview about their physical activity (PA) behavior. Read More

    Perceived Influences on Farmers' Market Use among Urban, WIC-enrolled Women.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):618-629
    Scientist/Research Nutritionist and Associate Professor of Pediatrics, USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.
    Objectives: We identified perceived barriers and facilitators to purchasing fruits and vegetables (FV) at farmers' markets, FV shopping practices, and reactions to a planned online lesson to promote farmers' market use among urban, inner-city WIC-enrolled women.

    Methods: Thirteen focus groups were conducted with 3-5 participants each (N = 54).

    Results: Common barriers were structural (transportation issues) and informational (not knowing the locations of markets). Read More

    Prevalence and Factors Associated with Smokeless Tobacco Use, 2014-2016.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):608-617
    Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science (TCORS), School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA.
    Objectives: We aimed to determine whether the prevalence of current use of smokeless tobacco products (STPs) changed during 2014-2016 and examine factors associated with use among adults in the United States (US).

    Methods: Data were obtained from Tobacco Products and Risk Perceptions Surveys of probability samples representative of US adults in 2014, 2015, and 2016. Change over time in current (past 30 day) STP use was examined using pairwise comparisons of proportions and multivariable logistic regression. Read More

    Body Image Satisfaction as a Physical Activity Indicator in University Students.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):599-607
    Unidad de Biomedicina, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Tlalnepantla, México.
    Objective: We examined the association of body image satisfaction (BIS) with physical activity (PA) in university athletes and non-athletes from northern Mexico.

    Methods: In a non-probability cross-sectional study, 294 participants (51% male, 41% athletes; 18-35 years old) completed 2 self-administered questionnaires to evaluate BIS and PA. We categorized somatotypes (endomorphy-mesomorphy-ectomorphy) by international standardized anthropometry. Read More

    School Physical Activity Programming and Gross Motor Skills in Children.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):591-598
    Associate Professor, Department of Health, Kinesiology, and Recreation, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.
    Objective: We examined the effect of a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP) on gross motor skills in children.

    Methods: Participants were 959 children (1st-6th grade; Mean age = 9.1 ± 1. Read More

    Tobacco Marketing, E-cigarette Susceptibility, and Perceptions among Adults.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):579-590
    Associate Professor, Department of Health Behavior and Policy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA.
    Objective: Understanding the impact of tobacco marketing on e-cigarette (EC) susceptibility and perceptions is essential to inform efforts to mitigate tobacco product burden on public health.

    Methods: Data were collected online in 2016 from 634 conventional cigarette (CC) smokers and 393 non-smokers using a convenience sample from Amazon Mechanical Turk. Logistic regression models, stratified by smoking status and adjusted for socio-demographics, examined the relationship among tobacco advertisements and coupons, EC and CC susceptibility, and EC perceptions. Read More

    Determinants of Willingness to Accept Secondhand Smoke Exposure.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):571-578
    Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia;, Email:
    Objectives: In this study, the objective was to assess determinants of willingness to accept secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among dental students.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study included 420 dental students. Multiple linear regression analyses assessed the determinants of willingness to accept SHS exposure. Read More

    Psychosocial Predictors of HBV Screening Behavior among Vietnamese Americans.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):561-570
    Associate Dean for Health Disparities, Director, Center for Asian Health, Laura H. Carnell Professor and Professor in Clinical Sciences, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University Philadelphia, PA;, Email:
    Objective: We evaluated the influence of psychosocial factors on HBV screening.

    Methods: Sample consisted of 1716 Vietnamese participants in our previous HBV intervention trial, recruited from 36 community-based organizations in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York City between 2009 and 2014. Using the Health Belief Model and Social Cognitive Theory, we measured self-efficacy, knowledge, perceived barriers, perceived benefits, perceived severity, and risk susceptibility. Read More

    Physical Activity and Diabetes-related Health Beliefs of Marshallese Adults.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):553-560
    Assistant Professor, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Northwest, Fayetteville, AR;, Email:
    Objective: We sought to improve understanding of diabetes-related health beliefs and physical activity behaviors of Marshallese adults with and without type 2 diabetes (T2D).

    Methods: We used tests of comparison and regression analyses to examine data from 376 Marshallese adults collected at church-based events.

    Results: One in 5 (20. Read More

    Psychometrics Matter in Health Behavior: A Long-term Reliability Generalization Study.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):544-552
    Associate Professor and Associate Department Head, Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.
    Objectives: Despite numerous calls for increased understanding and reporting of reliability estimates, social science research, including the field of health behavior, has been slow to respond and adopt such practices. Therefore, we offer a brief overview of reliability and common reporting errors; we then perform analyses to examine and demonstrate the variability of reliability estimates by sample and over time.

    Methods: Using meta-analytic reliability generalization, we examined the variability of coefficient alpha scores for a well-designed, consistent, nationwide health study, covering a span of nearly 40 years. Read More

    A Randomized Control Intervention Investigating the Effects of Acute Exercise on Emotional Regulation.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):534-543
    Jackson Heart Study Vanguard Center of Oxford, Physical Activity Epidemiology Laboratory, Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, University, MS;, Email:
    Objectives: Exercise may help to cope with hectic or demanding events after a stressful situation occurs. Limited research has evaluated whether exercise, prior to a stressor, helps to facilitate subsequent emotional regulation. This pilot study addresses this novel paradigm. Read More

    Utility of Social Cognitive Theory in Intervention Design for Promoting Physical Activity among African-American Women: A Qualitative Study.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):518-533
    College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ.
    Objective: We examined the cultural relevance of Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) in the design of a physical activity intervention for African-American women.

    Methods: A qualitative study design was used. Twenty-five African-American women (Mean age = 38. Read More

    Health Behaviors Related to the Use of Drugs among Patients with Epilepsy.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):511-517
    Urszula Religioni, Collegium of Socio-Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland.
    Objectives: We assessed self-medication behaviors and identified factors associated with self-treatment among adults with epilepsy.

    Methods: We carried out this study on 380 patients with epilepsy using an author-designed questionnaire.

    Results: Patients who took medication more than once a day were more likely to comply with times of taking medication (p = . Read More

    Support Buffers Financial Strain's Effect on Health-related Quality of Life.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):497-510
    Associate Professor, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK.
    Objectives: Financial strain represents a perceived inability to meet financial needs and obligations and is associated with poorer health outcomes. Distinct facets of perceived social support may mitigate the deleterious effects of financial strain on health. In the present study, we examined the extent to which appraisal, belonging, and tangible social support ameliorate the effects of financial strain on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Read More

    African-American Women's Long-term Maintenance of Physical Activity Following a Randomized Controlled Trial.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):484-496
    Associate Professor, Rush University College of Nursing, Chicago, IL.
    Objectives: Our purpose was to determine long-term maintenance of physical activity (PA) following the 48-week Women's Lifestyle PA program, targeted/tailored for African-American women.

    Methods: The parent study consisted of a 3-arm randomized clinical trial with 3 assessment points: baseline (pre-intervention); 24 weeks post-baseline (end active intervention); and 48 weeks post-baseline (end maintenance intervention). Present analyses supplement the original results by adding a long-term maintenance assessment that occurred 2 to 4 years post-baseline. Read More

    The Effect of Smoking on Mental Health.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):471-483
    Professor, Brown Cancer Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY.
    Objectives: The disproportionately high smoking prevalence among persons with mental health problems has raised a concern that this population is at increased risk for smoking-related illness. We investigated the effect of smoking on mental health among US adults aged 18 and older using the 2000-2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS).

    Methods: Whereas previous literature has reported a significant association between smoking and mental health, identifying the causal pathway is difficult. Read More

    Factors Associated with Korean Immigrants' Medical Tourism to the Homeland.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):461-470
    The Graduate Center of City University of New York (CUNY), Department of Sociology, New York, NY;, Email:
    Objectives: This study examined factors associated with first-generation Korean immigrants' medical tours to the homeland, which has emerged as a field of study in immigrant medical transnationalism and immigrant healthcare behaviors.

    Methods: This paper reports survey data from 507 Korean immigrants and indepth interviews with 120 Korean immigrants in the New York-New Jersey area.

    Results: About one-fourth of survey respondents have visited their home country for medical care since their migration to the US. Read More

    Adolescent Energy Drink Use Related to Intake of Fried and High-sugar Foods.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):454-460
    Associate Professor, Texas State University, Department of Health and Human Performance, San Marcos, TX.
    Objective: We assessed the relationship between energy drinks, fried food, and high-sugar food consumption.

    Methods: Secondary analyses including Mann-Whitney U, Cohen's d and effect sizes were used to examine 7-day intakes of energy drinks, fried foods, and high-sugar foods among teenagers (N = 1570) who participated in the 2014 FLASHE Study.

    Results: Energy drink consumption during the past 7 days was reported by 14. Read More

    Health-promoting Lifestyles and Psychological Distress Associated with Well-being in Community Adults.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):446-453
    Social Worker, Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung.
    Objectives: We investigated the associations among health-promoting behaviors, psychological distress, and well-being among community residents. Well-being measurement was examined through health-promoting behaviors and psychological distress.

    Methods: From March 1 to October 31, 2016, a total of 383 community residents were assessed in their health-promoting lifestyles (HPLP-II), psychological distress (K10) and wellbeing (SWLS and PWB). Read More

    Demographic Trends in Utah College Students' Vigorous Physical Activity, 2003-2007.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):437-445
    Independent Consultant, Los Angeles, CA.
    Objectives: This analysis of a large-scale survey of college students from 2003 to 2007 explores relationships between meeting vigorous physical activity (VPA) recommendations and key demographic, lifestyle, and personal characteristics.

    Methods: Multivariate logistic regression modeling was used to analyze VPA data from the Utah Higher Education Health Behavior Survey, a descriptive cross-sectional survey conducted in 2003 (N = 4574), 2005 (N = 9673) and 2007 (N = 7938).

    Results: Factors consistently associated with meeting VPA recommendations included involvement in extracurricular sports, being single, and daily consumption of fruits or vegetables. Read More

    Food Insecurity and Pre-diabetes in Adults: Race/Ethnic and Sex Differences.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):428-436
    Assistant Professor, The University of Houston, Department of Health and Human Performance, Houston, TX.
    Objective: We examined sex and race/ethnicity differences in the association between food insecurity status and prediabetes among adults.

    Method: We used cross-sectional 2011 and 2012 National Health Interview Survey data on non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic adults aged 18-59 years whose household income was ≤ 299% Federal Poverty Line (N = 19,048). Food insecurity status was determined by 3 or more affirmative responses on the 10-item USDA Food Security Scale. Read More

    Physical Activity and Quit Motivation Moderators of Adolescent Smoking Reduction.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):419-427
    Professor, WV Prevention Research Center, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
    Objectives: We examined participant characteristics as moderators of adolescents' smoking cessation outcomes as a function of intervention: Not-on-Tobacco (N-O-T), N-O-T with a physical activity (PA) module (N-O-T+FIT), or Brief Intervention (BI).

    Methods: We randomly assigned youth (N = 232) recruited from public high schools to an intervention, and measured their baseline levels of PA and motivation to quit. The number of cigarettes/day for weekdays and weekends was obtained at baseline and 3-month follow-up. Read More

    Patterns of Sedentary Behavior in Older Adults.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):411-418
    Research Associate/Biostatistician, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.
    Objectives: We measured the volume and patterns of sedentary behavior (including breaks from sedentary behavior) in a sample of older adults via accelerometry.

    Methods: Inactive, older adults (≥50 years of age) were eligible to participate. A cut point of <100 counts/minute was used to estimate: (1) total volume; (2) > 10-, > 30-, and > 60-minute bouts; and (3) patterns of sedentary behavior according to time of day and day of the week were computed. Read More

    Ambient Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Physical Activity: A Longitudinal Study of University Retirees in Beijing, China.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):401-410
    Associate Professor, Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL.
    Objectives: We examined the longitudinal relationship between ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution and physical activity-related health behaviors among university retirees in Beijing, China.

    Methods: Annual health surveys of retirees were conducted at Tsinghua University during 2011-2016. Read More

    Emotional Appeals in HIV Prevention Campaigns: Unintended Stigma Effects.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):390-400
    PhD Candidate, Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA;, Email:
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine whether HIV/AIDS public service announcements (PSAs) that use emotional appeals have unintended effects of creating stigmatizing attitudes in their viewers.

    Methods: We analyzed data for 240 respondents located in the United States who were recruited online. Respondents were randomly assigned to one of 3 conditions, where they viewed a PSA with hope appeals, fear appeals, or non-emotional appeals. Read More

    College Students' Health Behavior Clusters: Differences by Sex.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):378-389
    Distinquised Professor, South Dakota State University, Department of Health and Nutritional Sciences, Brookings, SD.
    Objective: The study purpose was to identify clusters of weight-related behaviors by sex in a college student populations.

    Methods: We conducted secondary data analysis from online surveys and physical assessments collected in Project Young Adults Eating and Active for Health (YEAH) with a convenience sample of students on 13 college campuses in the United States. We performed 2-step cluster analysis by sex to identify subgroups with homogeneous characteristics and behaviors. Read More

    Coping Strategies and Benefit-finding in the Relationship between Non-disclosure and Depressive Symptoms among Breast Cancer Survivors in China.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Jul;41(4):368-377
    Associate Dean for Health Disparities, Director of Center for Asian Health, Laura H. Carnell Professor and Professor in Clinical Sciences, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA;, Email:
    Objective: Open communication about cancer diagnosis and relevant stress is frequently avoided among breast cancer survivors in China. Non-disclosure behavior may lead to negative psychological consequences. We aimed to examine the relationship between non-disclosure and depressive symptoms, and the role of coping strategies and benefit-finding in that relationship among Chinese breast cancer survivors. Read More

    Health Literacy among Iranian High School Students.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):215-222
    Medical Informatics Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
    Objective: We examined the health lit- eracy status of high school students in Kerman, Iran.

    Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at high schools in Kerman. Data concerning 3 dimensions of health literacy (health knowledge, health skills and health be- haviors) were collected from 312 students using an adapted version of a valid and reliable questionnaire developed by the Ministry of Health of China. Read More

    Hepatitis B Screening & Vaccination Behaviors in a Community-based Sample of Chinese & Korean Americans in New York City.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):204-214
    SUNY Old Westbury, Department of Public Health, Old Westbury, NY, USA.
    Objectives: As Asian Americans are dis- proportionately affected by the hepatitis B virus (HBV), we explored predictors of HBV screening and vaccination among Chinese and Korean Americans.

    Methods: We used cross-sectional data from a com- munity-based sample of Chinese Americans (N = 502) and Korean Americans (N = 487) residing in the metropolitan New York City area during 2008-2009. Logistic regression models were stratified by Asian-American subgroup and sex to predict HBV screening (for the entire sam- ple) and HBV vaccination (among those not HBV positive). Read More

    A Content Analysis of Unique Selling Propositions of Tobacco Print Ads.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):194-203
    Weill Cornell Medical College, Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
    Objectives: We describe the unique selling propositions (USPs) (propositions used to convince customers to use a particular brand/product by focusing on the unique benefit) of print tobacco ads.

    Methods: A qualitative content analysis was conducted of print tobacco ads (N = 171) selected from August 2012 to August 2013 for cigarettes, moist snuff, e-cigarettes, cigars, and snus to determine the content and themes of USPs for tobacco ads.

    Results: Cigarette ad USP themes focused on portraying the product as attractive; moist snuff ads focused on portraying product as masculine; cigar ads focused on selling a "high end product;" and new and emerging tobacco products (e-cigarette, snus) focused on directly comparing these products to cigarettes. Read More

    Personal and Environmental Resources Mediate the Positivity-Emotional Dysfunction Relationship.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):186-193
    The University of Texas, Austin, TX, USA.
    Objectives: We investigated the relationships among positivity, perceived personal and environmental resources, and emotional dysfunction in adolescent girls. We hypothesized that perceived resources would mediate the relationship between positivity and emotional dysfunction.

    Methods: Participants (N = 510) attending an all-girls public school completed a survey assessing emotional dysfunction (depressive symptoms and perceived stress), positivity (positive/negative emotions), and personal/ environmental resources (resilience, hope, percent adaptive coping, community connectedness, social support, and school connectedness). Read More

    Sport Participation and Academic Achievement: A Longitudinal Study.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):179-185
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.
    Objectives: We examined the relation- ship between sport participation and academic achievement in a sample of adolescents, while accounting for socioeconomic status (SES) and sex.

    Methods: We analyzed data from a cohort of 271 Mid-Atlantic high school students who participated in a longitudinal study of risk and protective factors for substance use, teen parenting, and school drop out.

    Results: Sport participation at year one predicted academic achievement in English (p < . Read More

    Diet and Physical Activity in African-American Girls: Seasonal Differences.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):171-178
    USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.
    Objective: Diet and physical activity (PA) may vary by season.

    Methods: Two 24-hour dietary recalls and 7 days of accelerometry were collected from 342 8-10 year-old African-American girls between January 2013 and October 2014. Season was based on time of data collection (fall, spring, winter, summer). Read More

    South Korean Adolescents' Intention to Smoke.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):163-170
    University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee College of Nursing, Milwaukee, WI, USA.
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine associations between intention to smoke, and 3 constructs of the Theory of Planed Behavior, including attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control related to smoking among adolescents in South Korea.

    Methods: We used a cross-sectional correlational design. The survey was conducted on 13- to 15-year-old adolescents (N = 740) in Seoul, South Korea. Read More

    A Cash-back Rebate Program for Healthy Food Purchases in South Africa: Selection and Program Effects in Self-reported Diet Patterns.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):152-162
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA.
    Objectives: A South African insurer launched a rebate program for healthy food purchases for its members, but only available in program-designated supermarkets. To eliminate selection bias in program enrollment, we estimated the impact of subsidies in nudging the population towards a healthier diet using an instrumental variable approach.

    Methods: Data came from a health behavior questionnaire administered among members in the health promotion program. Read More

    The Theory of Planned Behavior as a Predictor of HIV Testing Intention.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):147-151
    College of Health and Human Services, Department of Applied Health Sciences, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN, USA.
    Objectives: This investigation tests the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a predictor of HIV testing intention among Nigerian university undergraduate students.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study of 392 students was conducted using a self-administered structured questionnaire that measured socio-demographics, perceived risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and TPB constructs. Analysis was based on 273 students who had never been tested for HIV. Read More

    Patterns of 'Abnormal' Illness Behavior among Healthy Individuals.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):139-146
    School of Medicine, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.
    Objectives: We extend the seminal work of Professor Issy Pilowsky by presenting a contemporary re-conceptualization of abnormal illness behavior (AIB) as a general psychological phenomenon evident among healthy community members.

    Methods: Participants (N = 344) completed a self- report questionnaire comprising health information and well-validated psychological measures from the field of somatization (eg, AIB, attributional style for physical symptoms, cognitive distortion of somatic information, illness likelihood, maladaptive coping).

    Results: Cluster analysis of illness behavior responses resulted in 3 unique groupings distinguished by key health and psychological variables. Read More

    Assessing the Network of Agencies in Local Communities that Promote Healthy Eating and Lifestyles among Populations with Limited Resources.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):127-138
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA.
    Objectives: We assessed the network of agencies in local communities that promote healthy eating and lifestyles among populations with limited resources.

    Methods: Network surveys were administered among 159 Illinois agencies identified as serving limited-resource audiences categorized into 8 types: K-12 schools, early childhood centers, emergency food providers, health-related agencies, social resource centers, low-income/subsidized housing complexes, continuing education organizations, and others. Network analysis was conducted to examine 4 network structures - communications, funding, cooperation, and collaboration networks between agencies within each county/county cluster. Read More

    Ethno-cultural Preferences in Receipt of Heart Health Information.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):114-126
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB,Canada.
    Objective: We attempted to understand how people of South Asian and Chinese descent prefer to receive health information.

    Methods: To achieve this end we conducted a search of academic and grey literature articles published between 1946 and 2016. To be included, articles had to be focused South Asian and Chinese specific ethno-culturally-based preferences of receiving health information. Read More

    Exposures Associated with Minority High Schoolers' Predisposition for Health Science.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Mar;41(2):104-113
    University of Maryland School of Public Health, Behavioral and Community Health, College Park, MD, USA.
    Objective: We examined modifiable facilitation strategies (exposures) during high school that are associated with motiva- tion for minority youth pursuit of health science.

    Methods: A sample (N = 116) of minority (73% African-American/Black, 21% Hispanic/Latino) 12th graders from 6 high schools in a lower socioeconomic area bordering Washington, DC completed a self-administered survey. Path modeling was used to examine whether: (1) exposures: high school science courses, extra-curricular science activities, personal health experiences, and adult encouragement predict Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) constructs including attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control, and (2) TPB constructs predict the outcome of intent to pursue college health science. Read More

    An Experimental Study of Implicit Racial Bias in Recognition of Child Abuse.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 May;41(3):358-367
    President, Upstate Medical University, State University of New York, Syracuse, NY.
    Objectives: We evaluated whether implicit racial bias influences pediatricians' suspicion of child abuse.

    Methods: Child abuse experts developed 9 injury vignettes. Pediatricians (N = 342) were randomly assigned one of 2 versions to rate for suspicion of abuse, with the child's race in each vignette varying between white and black. Read More

    Role of Depressive Symptoms in Mediating Socioeconomic Disparities in Diabetes Risk Misperception.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 May;41(3):348-357
    Associate Professor of Health Policy and Administration; Department of Health Policy and Administration, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA.
    Objectives: In the U.S., type 2 diabetes awareness remains low among individuals at risk. Read More

    Obesity and Cigarette Smoking: Extending the Link to E-cigarette/Vaping Use.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 May;41(3):338-347
    Undergraduate Research Assistant, Department of Human Development, California State University, Long Beach, CA.
    Objectives: In recent years, electronic tobacco (e-cigarette/vaping) use among young adults has grown exponentially. Given past research linking obesity and cigarette smoking, assessing whether this relationship extends to electronic tobacco use is warranted. The current study examined weight status as a correlate of substance use patterns reflecting electronic tobacco use. Read More

    Predictors of Smoking among Saudi Dental Students in Jeddah.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 May;41(3):329-337
    Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia;, Email:
    Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess tobacco use, secondhand smoke exposure, knowledge of health risks, and smoking predictors among dental students attending King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted and 420 dental students were invited to participate. Binary logistic regression analyses assessed the predictors of smoking. Read More

    Environmental Tobacco Smoke: Relationship to Early Pregnancy Discomforts.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 May;41(3):320-328
    Assistant Professor, School of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.
    Objectives: We assessed environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and examined its association with pregnancy discomforts.

    Methods: We used structured questionnaires to interview a convenience sample of 139 pregnant women (8-20 weeks of gestation) recruited from 2 hospitals in central Taiwan.

    Results: We found that 84% of the participants experienced ETS exposure in their households, workplaces, and/or public areas. Read More

    Smoking Behavior and Exposure: Results of a Menthol Cigarette Cross-over Study.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 May;41(3):309-319
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.
    Objective: Our objective was to improve understanding of the differences in use behavior and exposure when smoking menthol and non-menthol cigarettes using a 2-part cross-over design.

    Methods: Adult daily smokers were assigned randomly to alternate between 2 weeks of exclusively smoking a menthol test cigarette or a non-menthol test cigarette. Urine and saliva were collected for biomarker measurements; carbon monoxide (CO) was measured, and participants smoked test cigarettes through a CreSS® smoking topography device during 3 clinic visits. Read More

    Impact of Health Literacy-directed Colonoscopy Bowel Preparation Instruction Sheet.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 May;41(3):301-308
    Associate Professor, Department of Medicine and Feist-Weiller Cancer Center, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA;, Email:
    Objectives: To improve patient colonoscopy bowel preparation with a newly developed simplified instruction sheet in a safety-net hospital system.

    Methods: Bowel preparation quality was compared in a retrospective chart review of 543 patients, 287 of whom received standard instructions (9th grade reading level) between November 2015 and February 2016, and 256 of whom received simplified instructions (6th grade level) between March and May 2016. Instructions were mailed to all patients. Read More

    1 OF 25