1,467 results match your criteria American Journal of Health Behavior[Journal]


Association of Trust and Locus of Control with Postpartum Contraception Choice.

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):534-542

Dulaney Wilson, Epidemiologist, Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC.

In this study, we explored associations of trust in the healthcare system, health locus of control, and patient factors with choice of effective postpartum contraception. For this observational study, we measured trust in the healthcare system and health locus of control using validated scales. The primary outcome was postpartum contraceptive choice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.14DOI Listing

An Examination of Adolescents' Values in a Motivational Interviewing-based Obesity Intervention.

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):526-533

Melanie K. Bean, Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Richmond at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA.

In this paper, we examine values selected by adolescents as part of a motivational interviewing (MI) weight loss intervention. During a values clarification activity, adolescents (N = 52; 75.0% girls; 78. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.13DOI Listing

Pork Consumption in Relation to Body Weight and Composition: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):513-525

Ruidong Liu, Department of Physical Education, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

In this study, we systematically synthesized scientific evidence on pork consumption in relation to body weight and composition among adults. We performed a keyword search using Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Google Scholar. We conducted a meta-analysis to estimate the pooled effect size of pork consumption on body weight and composition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.12DOI Listing

The WMS Healthy Lifestyle Scale for Adolescents: Development and Validation Based on a Second-order General Factor Model.

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):499-512

Fernando D. Solís-Guevara, Faculty Research Assistant, Department of Nutrition, Universidad Peruana Unión, Lima, Peru.

We developed and validated the psychometric properties of a scale to assess healthy lifestyle in adolescents aged 12 to 18. A pilot sample of 404 adolescents (54% males and 46% females) and a confirmatory sample of 1713 adolescents (48.7% males and 51. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.11DOI Listing

Using Social Media to Recruit Youth Who Use Electronic Cigarettes.

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):488-498

Lori A. J. Scott-Sheldon, Professor, Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI.

Research is needed to inform effective regulatory policy that can help curb electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use among youth. However, several challenges interfere with studying e-cigarette use among youth. Social media may provide an outlet to overcome these challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.10DOI Listing

Cessation Conversations and Quit Attempts: Differences by Ethnicity and Language Preference.

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):473-487

James F. Thrasher, Professor, Department of Health Promotion, Education, & Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

Conversations about pictorial cigarette health warning labels (HWLs) encourage quit attempts, and prior research suggests prevalence of these conversations varies by ethnicity. We assessed the frequency of conversations about text-only HWLs among Latino and non-Latino white smokers and the relationship between conversations and subsequent quit attempts. Latino and non-Latino white adult smokers in the United States (N = 4403) were surveyed every 4 months over 2 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.9DOI Listing

Barriers and Facilitators to Timely Colonoscopy Completion for Safety Net Clinic Patients.

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):460-472

Gloria D. Coronado, Distinguished Investigator, Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR.

In this study, we conducted telephone interviews with patients in community clinics who had abnormal fecal immunochemical test (FIT) results to identify follow-up colonoscopy challenges. The FIT is an effective colorectal cancer screening method, but its value is contingent on follow-up diagnostic colonoscopy. We explored barriers at 3 timepoints: (1) abnormal FIT-result communication, (2) scheduling/completion of colonoscopy, and (3) receipt of results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.8DOI Listing

Factors Associated with Male Health Professions Students' Smoking in Inner Mongolia.

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):444-459

Xiaoyu Wang, Professor, Faculty of Clinical Medicine, Inner Mongolia Medical University, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, China.

In this study, we describe the smoking patterns of male health professions students in Inner Mongolia, China, and identify factors associated with smoking status. First- to fourth-year male health professions students (N = 1074) in Inner Mongolia Medical University were interviewed in 2017 regarding their smoking pattern and exposures potentially influencing their smoking status (current-, ex- or never-smoker). We used logistic regression to identify exposures potentially influencing their smoking status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.7DOI Listing

Diet Quality, Carotenoid Status, and Body Composition in NCAA Division I Athletes.

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):432-443

Colleen K. Spees, Associate Professor, The Ohio State University, Division of Medical Dietetics and Health Sciences, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Columbus, OH;, Email:

In this paper, we examined diet quality and associations between changes in skin carotenoids and body composition among selected NCAA Division I athletes. Athletes from women's (rowing, swimming, gymnastics) and men's (swimming, wrestling) teams at a large Midwest university (N = 129) completed one online food frequency questionnaire and 2 in-person visits, once in-season and once out-of-season, to assess skin carotenoids and body composition. Diet quality was assessed via Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.6DOI Listing

Exercise Intervention Outcomes with Cannabis Users and Nonusers Aged 60 and Older.

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):420-431

Angela D. Bryan, Department of Psychology & Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO.

Cannabis use is increasing among older adults. We examined whether cannabis use impacted results of an intervention to increase physical activity in sedentary adults aged 60 and over. We measured differences in body mass index (BMI), exercise behavior, and cardiovascular fitness between older adult cannabis users (N = 28) and nonusers (N = 136) participating in an exercise intervention trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.5DOI Listing

The Relationships between Depression and Anxiety Disorder and Online Social Media for Healthcare.

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):409-419

Hyejin Jung, Assistant Professor, Department of Public Administration, Pusan National University, Busan, South Korea;, Email:

In this study, we investigated the relationships between a diagnosis of depression and anxiety disorder (DAD) and using online social media for healthcare. Online social media functions as a vital method of seeking health and disease information, providing low search costs and convenience for users. Because of these benefits, online social media can provide higher accessibility to people with mental health problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.4DOI Listing

Adolescents' Health Literacy and Decision-making: A Qualitative Study.

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):392-408

Patrece Joseph, Graduate Research Assistant, Tufts University, Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Study and Human Development, Medford MA.

Adolescents assume increased responsibility for their health, particularly regarding health decision-making for lifestyle behaviors. Prior research suggests a relationship between health literacy (HL) and health behaviors in adolescents. Yet, the specific role of HL in adolescents' health decision-making is unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.3DOI Listing

Do Emotional Intelligence and Self-compassion Affect Disordered Eating Perceptions?

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):384-391

Ofra Walter, Senior Lecturer, Department of Education, Tel Hai Academic College, Tel Hai, Israel.

Self-compassion (SC) allows people to cope with negative perceptions, and thus, may act as a buffer in people with disordered eating in terms of body image and eating behaviors. Higher emotional intelligence (EI) may play a similar role. However, few studies have explored their association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.2DOI Listing

Health-related Fitness Components - Links Between Parents and Their Child.

Am J Health Behav 2020 Jul;44(4):375-383

Janusz Maciaszek, Poznań University of Physical Education, Department of Physical Activity Science and Health Promotion , Poznań, Poland;, Email:

Health-related fitness is a good predictor of health status of children and adults. Less is known about relationships of health-related fitness components between parents and children. Our study involved 58 children (30 girls and 28 boys, mean age = 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.4.1DOI Listing

Latent Growth Model of Predictors of Health Status in Korean Older Adults.

Am J Health Behav 2020 May;44(3):364-374

Cho Rong Won, Doctoral Student, School of Social Work, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL.

In this study, we investigated the health status trajectory of Korean older adults with chronic diseases and its relationship with relevant ecological level factors. We analyzed data from the 2013 to 2015 Korea Health Panel Survey using the latent growth model. Results showed that Korean older adults' health status decreased over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.3.9DOI Listing

#CRCFREE: Using Social Media to Reduce Colorectal Cancer Risk in Rural Adults.

Am J Health Behav 2020 May;44(3):353-363

Jennifer Hatcher, Professor, Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, Associate Director for Community Outreach & Engagement, The University of Arizona Cancer Center.

In this study, we pilot-tested #CRCFree, a Facebook-based intervention aimed at reducing colorectal cancer (CRC) risk in rural Appalachian adults at risk for CRC. Participants were 56 rural Appalachian adults aged > 50 years. Daily #CRCFree Facebook posts addressed diet, physical activity, and CRC screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.3.8DOI Listing

A Modified Nominal Group Technique (mNGT) - Finding Priorities in Research.

Am J Health Behav 2020 May;44(3):345-352

Tandalayo Kidd, Professor and Associate Department Head, Department of Food, Nutrition, Dietetics, and Health, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS.

The objective of this study was to describe a modified nominal group technique (mNGT) approach to assess community health priorities and its application to a childhood obesity prevention project conducted with the high school population. This manuscript provides detailed information of a mNGT separately conducted with 3 cohorts, (students, teachers/administration, parents). Participants used a response sheet to brainstorm, document top 5 responses, and rank each response individually. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.3.7DOI Listing

Multiple Health Behaviors across Age: Physical Activity and Internet Use.

Am J Health Behav 2020 May;44(3):333-344

Sonia Lippke, Professor, Department of Psychology & Methods, Jacobs University Bremen, Germany.

We investigated whether social-cognitive variables predicted physical activity behavior and whether Internet use interrelated with the mediator, across age groups. Participants (N = 466) were recruited for an online survey and path analyses were run to generate a proposed model examining late adolescents (Group 1, aged 17-20 years), young adults (Group 2, aged 21-40 years), and middle-aged adults (Group 3, aged 41-60 years). Positive associations between physical activity variables were as expected: the relationships between self-efficacy and intention, self-efficacy and behavior, planning and behavior were statistically significant in Groups 1 and 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.3.6DOI Listing

Acute Exercise and Sustained Attention on Memory Function.

Am J Health Behav 2020 May;44(3):326-332

University of Mississippi, Exercise & Memory Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, University, MS;, Email:

Sustained attention is critical for various activities of daily living, including engaging in health-enhancing behaviors and inhibition of health compromising behaviors. Sustained attention activates neural networks involved in episodic memory function, a critical cognition for healthy living. Acute exercise has been shown to activate these same neural networks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.3.5DOI Listing

Duchenne Smile is Associated with Quality of Life and Survival in Hemodialysis Patients.

Am J Health Behav 2020 May;44(3):313-325

Dania Chelala, Head, Nephrology Department, School of Medicine, Saint-Joseph University of Beirut, Hôtel-Dieu de France Hospital, Lebanon.

Hemodialysis is the most used renal replacement modality for end-stage renal disease patients. Dialysis patients are usually assessed for quality of life (QoL) but smiling was never studied. Duchenne smile is a genuine expression of joy, associated with better survival in some groups of the general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.3.4DOI Listing

Cluster Analysis: Vaccination Attitudes and Beliefs of Healthcare Personnel.

Am J Health Behav 2020 May;44(3):302-312

Stefan Gravenstein, Medical Professor, Brown University, Providence, RI.

We sought to identify patterns of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors (KABs) about influenza and influenza vaccination among healthcare personnel (HCP) and define characteristics associated with these patterns. We used an Internet panel survey of HCP (N = 2265) during March 27-April 17, 2018; clustered HCP by their vaccination-related KABs. Four clusters were identified: Immunization Champions (61. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.3.3DOI Listing

Developing and Testing Message Strategies to Reduce Indoor Tanning.

Am J Health Behav 2020 May;44(3):292-301

Karen Glanz, George A. Weiss University Professor, Perelman School of Medicine and School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Indoor tanning, which is most common among 18-25-year-old white women, increases the risk of skin cancer. To address this problem, we developed and tested messages with a national sample of indoor tanners to determine beliefs that would encourage them to quit. Messages discouraging indoor tanning using different persuasive themes (skin cancer risk, appearance risk, well-being enhancement) were developed based on formative research and a review of intervention efforts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.3.2DOI Listing

Mental Health Literacy Affects Mental Health Attitude: Is There a Gender Difference?

Am J Health Behav 2020 May;44(3):282-291

David L. Albright, Professor, Hill Crest Foundation Endowed Chair in Mental Health, University of Alabama School of Social Work, Tuscaloosa, AL.

In the current study, we aimed to compare the levels of and factors associated with mental health attitude between males and females. Of particular interest was ascertaining the degree to which mental health literacy was related to mental health attitude and whether this relationship would vary by gender. A total of 732 participants aged 18 years or more were recruited from attendees at the 2016 Minnesota State Fair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.3.1DOI Listing

Health Behaviors Associated with Aggression in Korean Adolescents: Data from 2 Cross-sectional Studies.

Am J Health Behav 2020 03;44(2):271-282

Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea., Email:

In this study, we identified the health-related behaviors associated with aggression and examined the trends in both aggression and health-related behaviors among adolescents in the Republic of Korea. We used 2 cross-sectional samples of adolescents collected from the same geographic region 10 years apart. We measured aggression using the Aggression Questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.2.14DOI Listing

Medication Adherence Changes in Blacks with Diabetes: A Mixed Methods Study.

Am J Health Behav 2020 03;44(2):257-270

Associate Professor, Social and Administrative Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison WI., Email:

In this study, we conducted a longitudinal evaluation of changes in medication adherence and the role of psychosocial and interpersonal factors in these changes among Blacks with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and determined barriers and facilitators of T2DM medication adherence. We used an explanatory sequential mixed methods design for a sample of 287 black adult patients with T2DM in Wisconsin. Two surveys quantitatively evaluated changes in medication adherence, psychosocial factors, and interpersonal factors over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.2.13DOI Listing

Menthol Cigarettes and Smoking Cessation among Adult Smokers in the US.

Am J Health Behav 2020 03;44(2):252-256

Professor of Oncology, Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY.

In this study, we identified differences in cessation, nicotine dependence, and quit attempts between smokers using non-menthol cigarettes and smokers using menthol cigarettes differing in menthol delivery method (eg, menthol in the tobacco only, crushable capsules only or both). We analyzed data from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study, Waves 1 and 2 (W1 and W2), to determine associations of delivery method of menthol with cessation, nicotine dependence, and quit attempts among current adult cigarette smokers. Nearly 40% of US smokers reported using a mentholated cigarette product with most using a product mentholated in the tobacco only. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.2.12DOI Listing

Associations of Historical Loss, Resilience, and Coping with Loss-related Emotional Symptoms in the Anishinaabe.

Am J Health Behav 2020 03;44(2):244-251

Department of Kinesiology & Health Education, The University of Texas, Austin, TX., Email:

Native Americans have higher rates of mental health symptoms and chronic disease compared to the general population, partly due to historical loss (eg, land, language, culture). Few studies have examined strength-based characteristics that enable Native populations to cope with loss and reduce loss-related emotional symptoms (eg, anxiety, anger). We recruited 81 participants (mean age 47. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.2.11DOI Listing

Social Risk Factors for Medication Nonadherence: Findings from the CARDIA Study.

Am J Health Behav 2020 03;44(2):232-243

Professor of Medicine, Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL.

Nonadherence to medications has been documented, but the combined effect of social risk factors on medication nonadherence has not been investigated. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, a population-based prospective cohort. The sample (N = 1506) included subjects who at Year 20 (2005-06) were taking prescription medications and completed a 4-item Medication Adherence Scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.2.10DOI Listing

Health Belief Model of Persistent Dengue Transmission in Klaten, Indonesia.

Am J Health Behav 2020 03;44(2):188-199

Center for Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

In this study, we aimed to assess health beliefs, barriers, and motivations of individuals that will be useful in formulating the appropriate social and behavior change communication (SBCC) campaigns regarding dengue vector control. We conducted this qualitative study among adult residents of Gergunung and Kajen villages in Klaten, Indonesia. We conducted in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) using interview an interview guide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.2.7DOI Listing

Do Youth Consume More Calories than they Expended in Youth Sports Leagues? An Observational Study of Physical Activity, Snacks, and Beverages.

Am J Health Behav 2020 03;44(2):180-187

Professor, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A&M University School of Public Health, College Station, TX.

Childhood obesity rates remain high. The youth sports environment is an opportunity to combat obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine the types of beverages/ snacks provided at youth sports and determine associations between energy consumption and expenditure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.2.6DOI Listing

Exercise on Visuo-Spatial Memory: Direct Effects and Underlying Mechanisms.

Am J Health Behav 2020 03;44(2):169-179

University of Mississippi, Exercise & Memory Laboratory, Depart- ment of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, University, MS. edu.

There is suggestive evidence that exercise may have a greater effect on visuo-spatial memory, compared to other memory types. However, we have a limited understanding as to the mechanisms through which exercise may subserve visuo-spatial memory. Thus, the purpose of this review is to evaluate the extent to which exercise may influence visuo-spatial memory, whether exercise can attenuate drug- and diseased-induced declines in memory, and determine the underlying mechanisms of these relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.2.5DOI Listing

The Influence of Cognitive Impairment on Health Behaviors among Older Adults.

Am J Health Behav 2020 03;44(2):159-168

Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

: Previous research on cognitive impairment and health behaviors has focused largely on how health behaviors affect cognition; rarely has it examined whether cognitive impairment affects health behaviors. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of cognitive impairment on engagement in health behaviors among older adults. The study sample included 19,644 adults aged 50 or older from the Health and Retirement Study 1995-2012 surveys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.2.4DOI Listing

Assessing Maternal Support for Physical Activity in Latina Adolescents.

Am J Health Behav 2020 03;44(2):146-158

Assistant Professor, University of California San Diego, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health.

We developed a comprehensive measure to evaluate 11 domains of maternal social support for physical activity (PA) among Latina adolescents. The 26-item questionnaire included a version for mothers to rate how often they engaged in behaviors supporting their daughters' PA, and a version for daughters to rate how often their mothers engaged in the same behaviors. Bivariate correlations examined associations between mother-daughter perceived support for daughter's moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), and associations between daughter's perceived support for PA and current MVPA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.2.3DOI Listing

High School Youth and E-cigarettes: The Influence of Modified Risk Statements and Flavors on E-cigarette Packaging.

Am J Health Behav 2020 03;44(2):130-145

Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

In this paper, we test variations of e-cigarette warning labels on high school youth, alone, and alongside modified risk statements (MRS) and/or flavors, to determine how perceptions of and intentions toward use of e-cigarettes are influenced by these package elements. An experiment (N = 715 high school youth) varied the warning label participants viewed (FDA warning label/ MarkTen warning label/ abstract warning label) and whether they viewed the label alone or alongside MRS and/or flavors. Drawing upon the Heuristic Systematic Model, we found that youth who view an MRS with any of the warning labels are more likely to engage in counterarguing (compared to the FDA warning label alone), which increases risk perceptions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.2.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7266646PMC

Refining the Factor Structure of the All Aspects of Health Literacy Scale.

Am J Health Behav 2020 03;44(2):118-128

Associate Professor, Virginia Commonwealth University, Department of Psychology, Richmond, VA.

Although the All Aspects of Health Literacy Scale (AAHLS) is a commonly used measure of health literacy, the psychometric evaluation approach employed in its original validation is questionable. In this study, we evaluated the psychometric properties and factor structure of the AAHLS using widely-accepted analytic methods. We collected data from 393 students from a Mid-Atlantic university. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.2.1DOI Listing

Social Networks' Health Habits Over Life Course and Late-life Health Habits.

Am J Health Behav 2020 01;44(1):100-117

Institute for Future Engineering, Tokyo, Japan.

In this study, we examined Japanese older adults' health habits (healthy diet, exercise, and nonsmoking) using 4 models: sensitive period, pathway, social mobility, and cumulative effects. A representative cross-sectional survey of people 65 years and older, living in Tokyo, produced 739 effective respondents. Health habits in social networks over the life course, at junior high school, age 20, and age 40, were measured through retrospective recall questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.1.11DOI Listing
January 2020

Impact of Lifestyle Intervention for Patients with Prostate Cancer.

Am J Health Behav 2020 01;44(1):90-99

Assistant Professor, Department of Urology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea;, Email:

Androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer (PCa) is associated with reduced physical function and quality of life (QoL). We investigated the impact of a structured lifestyle intervention on the promotion of physical activity (PA) and reduction of sedentary behavior (SB), and its effect on QoL in men on ADT. Patients with advanced PCa on long-term ADT were randomized to the intervention (N = 11) or a control arm (N = 10) between February 2018 and May 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.1.10DOI Listing
January 2020

Food Insecurity among College Students Differs by Questionnaire Modality: An Exploratory Study.

Am J Health Behav 2020 01;44(1):82-89

Associate Dean and Director of Extension and Outreach, University of Illinois Extension, Urbana, IL.

Literature suggests that college (ie, post-secondary) students experience food insecurity (FI) at alarming rates. However, the commonly used FI questionnaires have undergone limited evaluations for accuracy in this sub-population. The objective of this exploratory study was to evaluate if FI estimates among college students differ by survey distribution modality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.1.9DOI Listing
January 2020

Prevalence and Reasons for Use of Flavored Cigars and ENDS among US Youth and Adults: Estimates from Wave 4 of the PATH Study, 2016-2017.

Am J Health Behav 2020 01;44(1):76-81

Center for Tobacco Products, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD.

In this study, we present updated estimates of use prevalence, flavor use, and flavors as a reason for use among US cigar and electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) users. Data come from Wave 4 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study and were collected between December 2016 and early January 2018. Results are presented for youth (12-17 years), young adults (18-24 years), and adults (25+ years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.1.8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6918456PMC
January 2020

Sleep and Physical Activity Patterns in Urban American Indian Children.

Am J Health Behav 2020 01;44(1):67-75

Native American Specialist, Missoula County Public Schools, Missoula, MT.

In this study, we examined patterns of obesity, physical activity (PA), sleep, and screen time in urban American Indian (AI) youth in the 6-8 grade. A youth sample (N = 36) from 3 middle schools was recruited to participate in this observational sample of convenience. Youth completed a demographic and screen time survey, measurements of height and weight, and wore a wrist accelerometer continuously for 7 days to assess PA and sleep. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.1.7DOI Listing
January 2020

Effects of Access to Retailers, Single Households, and Presence of a Patient in the Household on Healthy Eating.

Am J Health Behav 2020 01;44(1):54-66

Researcher, Korea Rural Economic Institute, Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Policy Research, Naju, South Korea.

We reviewed the current status of healthy eating behaviors in South Korea and analyzed the influencing factors. A single-equation robust estimator and a seemingly unrelated regression were completed for the effects of access to food retailers, single households, and patients living in the household on healthy eating. Data were retrieved from a consumer survey of 3043 household members preparing food. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.1.6DOI Listing
January 2020

Dose-response Relationship between Sleep and Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Am J Health Behav 2020 01;44(1):40-53

Professor, School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China;, Email:

In this study, we explored the association between sleep quality, duration and prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) among low-income adults in rural areas of China. Face-to-face investigation were conducted in 2017, and completed questionnaires were obtained from 16,648 individuals. Sleep quality and duration were evaluated using the standard Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.1.5DOI Listing
January 2020

The Impact of Natural Disasters on Dietary Intake.

Am J Health Behav 2020 01;44(1):26-39

Professor, School of Economics and Resource Management, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

In this study, we explored the potential impact of disasters on individuals' fruit and vegetable consumption. Individual-level data (N = 351,229) from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) 2011 survey were merged with county-level disaster declaration data from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) based on disaster duration, interview month and residential county. Multilevel mixed-effects generalized linear models were conducted to examine the impact of different types of disasters on self-reported daily fruit, 100% pure fruit juice, beans, green vegetables, orange vegetables, other vegetables and overall vegetables consumption frequencies, adjusting for individual covariates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.1.4DOI Listing
January 2020

Differential Use of Strategic Constructs of the Transtheoretical Model across Accelerometer-determined Sedentary Time.

Am J Health Behav 2020 01;44(1):18-25

Assistant Professor, School of Community Health Sciences, Counseling and Counseling Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK;, Email:

In this study, we investigated the differences in strategic constructs of the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) across accelerometer-determined sedentary time. A total of 201 college students participated in a TTM questionnaire for sedentary behavior and wore an accelerometer for 7 consecutive days to assess sedentary time. Multivariate analyses of variances (MANOVA) with pairwise comparisons were conducted to determine mean differences in the strategic constructs across quintiles of sedentary time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.1.3DOI Listing
January 2020

49,000 Avocado Cutting Injuries.

Am J Health Behav 2020 01;44(1):13-17

Dean, School of Public Health, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX.

In the United States (US), avocado consumption has increased dramatically since the year 2000. Despite media attention concerning injuries resulting from cutting or pitting avocados, such injuries have not been monitored systematically. The current study is the first to estimate the number of people with avocado cutting injuries presenting to US hospital emergency departments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.1.2DOI Listing
January 2020

Weight Status and Sedentary Behavior of Alzheimer's Disease Caregivers.

Am J Health Behav 2020 01;44(1):3-12

Professor, Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC;, Email:

In this study, we sought to characterize the weight status, sedentary behavior, and physical activity of caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer's disease. In 2014, we surveyed caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer's disease from the South Carolina Alzheimer's Disease Registry (N = 47) about their personal health behaviors. Additionally, a subset of individuals (N = 14) wore an accelerometer for 7 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.1.1DOI Listing
January 2020

Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Mental Health among US Adults.

Am J Health Behav 2019 11;43(6):1186-1199

Chenghua Guan, Professor, School of Economics and Resource Management, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

Hurricane Katrina was an intense tropical cyclone that made landfall in the United States (US) in August 2005, causing catastrophic damage in several states. This study examined the impact of Hurricane Katrina on mental health status among US adults. Multilevel regressions based on the difference-in-differences study design were performed on individual-level data (N = 70,267) retrieved from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2004-2006 surveys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.6.15DOI Listing
November 2019

Mental Health and Depressive Feeling of Empty-nest Elderly People in China.

Am J Health Behav 2019 11;43(6):1171-1185

Yuewei Wei, Independent Researcher, London, England (UK).

This paper reports on the first study in China that used nationally representative data to compare mental health and depressive feeling between empty-nest and non-empty-nest elderly people (over 60 years old), and examine whether the health disparities (if any) can be explained by differences in family, emotional, housework, and economic support. We used the 2010 China General Social Survey and multivariate regression models to examine mental health and depressive feeling of 556 non-empty-nest and 210 empty-nest elderly people in China. After controlling for various socio-demographic characteristics, although the empty-nest elderly were significantly more likely to report depressive feeling and poor mental health than non-empty-nest elderly, the difference was only statistically significant for depressive feeling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.6.14DOI Listing
November 2019