1,340 results match your criteria American Journal of Health Behavior[Journal]


Inching Up and Socio-economic Differentiation: Exploring Self-rated Health of China's Rural-to-Urban Migrants from 2005 to 2015.

Authors:
Senhu Wang

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):117-125

Department of Sociology, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge, UK.

Large-scale rural-to-urban migration in China has stimulated heated discussion about rural migrants' poor health status. This article reports the first study in China that compares the aggregate-level change in self-rated health of rural migrants between 2005 and 2015, and explores whether the difference, if any, can be explained by their different public health insurance enrollment status due to China's health reforms in the late 2000s. It also explores whether the aggregate-level change in migrants' self-rated health differs across different education levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.10DOI Listing
September 2018

Subjective Social Status and Unhealthy Behaviors among South Korean Adults.

Authors:
Jihyung Hong

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):100-116

Department of Healthcare Management, Gachon University, Seongnam, South Korea.

This study was an exploration of the associations between socioeconomic status (SES), particularly subjective social status (SSS), and unhealthy behaviors among South Korean adults. Data were taken from the 2013 Korea Health Panel survey data. SSS was measured using the MacArthur scale. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.9DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Adolescent Adversity and Concurrent Tobacco, Alcohol, and Marijuana Use.

Authors:
Naomi N Duke

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):85-99

Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, University of Minnesota Department of Pediatrics, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Adolescent health behaviors may be linked to elevated morbidity and mortality in adulthood. This study examines relationships between broad concepts for adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adolescent substance use outcomes among youth participating in a statewide, school-based survey. Data are from 8, 9, and 11 graders participating in the 2016 Minnesota Student Survey (N = 126,868). Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.8DOI Listing
September 2018
16 Reads

Asthma Predictors Influence on Self-management Asthma Education Status.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):74-84

Department of Sociology & Criminal Justice, Texas A&M University-Commerce, Commerce, TX, USA.

The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of adults with active asthma who were most likely to acquire self-management asthma component education. We analyzed adult data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)-Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS). Multivariate logistic regression and multivariate linear regression models were used to analyze the association between asthma self-management education and predictors. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.7DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Adolescent Nonmedical Use of Opioids and Alcohol Mixed with Energy Drinks.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):65-73

Texas State University, Department of Health and Human Performance, San Marcos, TX, USA.

In this study, we examined the relationship between alcohol mixed with energy drink use (AmED) and nonmedical prescription opioid use among 12th graders, using data from the 2015 Monitoring the Future Study. Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney and logistic regression analyses were used to determine differences in nonmedical prescription opioid use by students who used alcohol-only (AO) versus AmED and to identify covariates of nonmedical prescription opioid use. Greater frequency of AmED use was associated with greater frequency of nonmedical Oxycontin (r = 0. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.6DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Using an e-Cigarette is Like Eating Tofu When You Really Want Meat.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):54-64

Clinical Research Coordinator, Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Whereas controversy about the e-cigarette's effectiveness and safety as a smoking cessation tool continues, e-cigarette use prevalence continues rising. In this study, we sought to describe experiences of adult e-cigarette users and to examine their motivations, beliefs, and use patterns. This qualitative study included one-on-one semi-structured phone interviews with 20 current California e-cigarette users (mean age = 38 ± 9. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.5
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September 2018
3 Reads

Impact of Work Schedule, Race, and Psychological Distress among Impoverished Mothers.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):43-53

College of Health and Behavioral Sciences, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN, USA.

We tested the relationships among work schedule, race, and psychological distress in impoverished working mothers. Baseline data from a longitudinal cohort study of impoverished mothers (N = 285) were analyzed. The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) was utilized to measure levels of psychological distress. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.4
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September 2018
2 Reads

Youth Swimming Ability and Associated Factors in the United States, 2010-17.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):32-42

School of Health Studies, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA.

Learning to swim is recommended for children to prevent drowning and to promote lifelong physical activity. Dissimilar US youth swimming ability rates by demographics have been reported. Our research purpose was to examine youth swimming ability by selected variables, and to compare with similar research in 2010. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.3DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Obesity Prevalence and Voting Behaviors in the 2016 US Presidential Election.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):21-31

Department of Kinesiology and Community, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA.

We assessed the relationship between county-level prevalence of adult obesity and voting behaviors in the 2016 US presidential election. Spatial autoregressive regression was performed to examine county-level obesity rate in relation to the vote margin for the Republican Party presidential candidate, defined as the percentage difference in votes received by the Republican presidential candidate and those received by the Democratic presidential candidate, adjusting for county sociodemographics and state fixed effects. A quadratic association was found between county-level obesity rate and the vote margin for the Republican Party presidential candidate-the margin increased when obesity rate increased from 11. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.2DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Marketing Self-management Education: Lessons on Messaging and Framing.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):3-20

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Arthritis Program, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Self-management education (SME) refers to educational interventions that help individuals with chronic diseases maintain or improve their quality of life. To help increase SME participation, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted audience research to assess feasibility of a campaign to market SME as a chronic disease management strategy and increase future receptivity to specific SME programs. Twenty focus groups were conducted in 3 rounds across 8 cities with men and women ages 45-75 with a variety of, or multiple, chronic conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.1DOI Listing
September 2018

Financial Distress and Smoking-induced Deprivation in Smokers with Depression.

Authors:
Erin S Rogers

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):219-227

NYU School of Medicine, Department of Population Health, New York, NY;, Email:

Tobacco use may be related to financial strain in people with depression. This study explored the relationship among tobacco expenditures, financial distress, and smoking-induced deprivation (SID) in smokers with and without depression. Adult tobacco users in the United States (N = 234) completed a survey assessing depression (PHQ-8≥10), sociodemographics, tobacco use and spending, financial satisfaction and distress, and SID. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.18DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Grit is Associated with Food Security among US Parents and Adolescents.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):207-218

Professor and Department Head, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Urbana, IL;, Email:

We investigated whether the Short Grit Scale (Grit-S) predicted odds of food insecurity (FI) among adults and their children. A cross-sectional panel of parent-child dyads completed an online questionnaire. Eligible dyads included parents with household income below the 2015 median ($52,250 USD/year) and their self-selected household child between the ages of 13 to 17 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.17DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Motivating Inactive Seniors to Participate in Physical Activity: A Pilot RCT.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):195-206

Department of Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

We investigated the potential of social support in an adherence intervention to foster physical activity (PA) among sedentary older adults. We compared 2, 9-week intervention programs aimed at increasing PA levels in older persons. One program offered PA alone, whereas the other combined a PA program with a social adherence intervention (PASAI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.16DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Adolescent Depression: National Trends, Risk Factors, and Healthcare Disparities.

Authors:
Wenhua Lu

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):181-194

Department of Childhood Studies, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Camden, NJ;, Email:

This study examines national trends in the prevalence, risk factors, and treatment of depression among adolescents and investigate disparities in their mental health service use in the US. Data for adolescents aged 12 to 17 years (N = 95,856) who participated in the annual, cross-sectional National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) from 2011 to 2016 were pooled and analyzed. Time trends and predictors of adolescents' depression and treatment were examined using Pearson's χ² test and multivariable logistic regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.15DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Modeling the Mixed Effects of Living Standard and Consumer-oriented Behavior on Obesity.

Authors:
Tao Zhang

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):168-180

Associate Professor, School of Public Administration, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao, China;, Email:

This study investigates how daily consumer-oriented behaviors affect the prevalence of obesity in the older population in China. The demographic characteristics and living standard indicators are considered to capture the effects of various factors on obesity. This study employs the discrete choice regressions to investigate the associations among 18 influential covariates and obesity for aging adults in China in 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.14DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A Cafeteria Personnel Intervention to Improve the School Food Environment.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):158-167

Associate Professor, Department of Health Behavior and Policy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA.

In this study, we examined the impact of an intervention targeting food service personnel on Smarter Lunchroom adherence in school cafeterias. This study used a quasi-experimental design, conducted in a Virginia school district serving predominantly African-American children, all eligible for free meals. In 2014-15, cafeteria managers (N = 38) from 43 schools were trained (and tasked with training their staff) on principles of behavioral economics and choice architecture designed to enhance students' food selections via modifications to the cafeteria environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.13DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Changes in Leisure Time Physical Activity Preferences and Hypertension Risk.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):145-157

Associate Professor, Department of Health Promotion, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE.

In this study, we examined the association between changes in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) preference (the extent to which participants liked or disliked certain types of physical activity) and the incidence of hypertension; we also assessed whether the association differed between urban and rural China. Based on longitudinal data from 2687 Chinese adults between 2004 and 2011, we performed multivariate logistic regressions were to assess the aforementioned association. We conducted stratified analyses to examine the urban-rural differences in this association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.12DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

College Student Beliefs and Behavior Regarding Sharing When Smoking Hookahs.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):133-144

Director, Center for Behavioral Epidemiology and Community Health (CBEACH), San Diego State University Research Foundation, San Diego, CA.

We examined college students' beliefs and behavior regarding sharing when smoking a hookah, a practice that may involve substantial risk of disease transmission. We carried out a cross-sectional Web-based survey of undergraduate ever users of hookah (N = 970) at a US university in 2007. Hookah sharing started at initiation of hookah use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.11DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Application of the Transtheoretical Model to Physical Activity and Exercise Behaviors in African-American Adolescents.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):119-132

Associate Professor, School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI;, Email:

In this study, we examined the inter-relationships between Transtheoretical Model (TTM) constructs (stages of change, self-efficacy, decisional balance, processes of change) and determined the utility of TTM to predict physical activity in African-American youth. A community-based sample of 109 African-American youth (62% girls, age: 14.8 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.10DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Chronic Health Condition Influences on Client Perceptions of Limited or Non-choice Food Pantries in Low-income, Rural Communities.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):105-118

Associate Professor, Purdue University, Lafayette, IN.

Food insecurity and diet-related chronic health conditions are interrelated problems in rural communities. The population facing such outcomes may rely on food pantries as a way to gain access to food. Many food pantries use a traditional distribution model that restricts choice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.9DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Electronic Cigarette Policy Recommendations: A Scoping Review.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):88-104

College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ.

There is a lack of consensus on whether e-cigarettes facilitate or threaten existing tobacco prevention strategies. This uncertainty is reflected in organizations' conflicting e-cigarette position statements. We conducted a scoping review of position statements in published and gray literature to map the range and frequency of e-cigarette use recommendations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.8DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Beliefs about E-cigarettes: A Focus Group Study with College Students.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):76-87

Director, Tobacco Research Programs, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

In this study, we consider how best to prevent recreational uptake of e-cigarettes among tobacco nonusers; it is important to investigate the underlying beliefs that young adults have about e-cigarettes and package elements. Using the focus group method of belief elicitation, we explore underlying belief structures that undergraduate students at a large Midwestern public university have about e-cigarettes. Beliefs are analyzed using the constantcomparative approach and categorized using the theory of planned behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.7DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Factor Analysis Test of an Ecological Model of Physical Activity Correlates.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):57-75

University of Minnesota, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, Minneapolis, MN.

The fit of measured variables into a social-ecological model of correlates of physical activity is rarely tested. In this study, we examined the factor structure of correlates of moderate/vigorous physical activity (MVPA) within a hypothesized social-ecological model. We measured 46 possible personal, social and environmental correlates of MVPA in 2779 adolescents participating in the Project EAT-2010 study. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296241PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Increasing Home Smoking Restrictions Boosts Underserved Moms' Bioverified Quit Success.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):50-56

Professor, School of Nursing and Health Sciences, LaSalle University, Philadelphia, PA.

Standard smoking cessation treatments remain relatively ineffective in vulnerable populations. This study tested whether efforts to restrict residential smoking mediated the counseling treatment - smoking cessation association in a child tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) reduction trial. Maternal smokers (N = 300) with young children from low-income minority communities were randomized to counseling or standard care control to promote child TSE reduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.5DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Characterizing Alcohol Use Behaviors among Homeless Men and Women.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):37-49

Associate Professor, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma Tobacco Research Center, Oklahoma City, OK.

In this study, we characterized alcohol use behaviors by sex among sheltered homeless adults and explored associations with health and readiness to change drinking behaviors. Participants (N = 581; 63.7% men; M = 43. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296245PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The Interrelationship between Race, Social Norms, and Dietary Behaviors among College-attending Women.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):23-36

Maryland Hunger Solutions, Food Research and Action Center, Baltimore, MD.

The association between social norms and dietary behaviors is well-documented, but few studies examine the role of race. The aim of this study was to determine the interrelationships among race, social norms, and dietary behaviors. We used data from the Healthy Friends Network Study (a pilot study of women attending a southern university). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.3DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Adolescent Tobacco Uptake and Other Substance Use: A Latent Class Analysis.

Am J Health Behav 2019 Jan;43(1):3-14

The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), School of Public Health, Austin Campus, Austin, TX;, Email:

The purpose of this study was to identify patterns of tobacco uptake and other substance use, from early to late adolescence. We used weighted latent class analysis, conducted separately for 7, 9, and 11 graders, to assess patterns of susceptibility, ever and current use of combustible tobacco and e-cigarettes, and other substance use (ie, current alcohol, binge drinking, and marijuana). Data were from Wave 3 of the Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance System (n = 2733; N = 461,069), collected in fall 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.1.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364971PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

State Laws Governing Competitive Foods and Beverages Sold in Schools and Childhood Obesity among Children with Special Healthcare Needs, 2007-2016.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):124-133

Objective In this study, we assessed the impact of state laws governing competitive foods/beverages sold in schools on childhood overweight/obesity among children aged 10-17 years with and without special healthcare needs (SHCN). Methods Individual-level data from 2007-2008, 2011-2012, and 2016 National Survey of Children's Health (N = 108,009) were merged to data on state codified laws regulating competitive foods/beverages sold in schools based on children's residential state and survey year. State random-effect logistic regressions were performed to estimate the odds of childhood overweight/obesity in relation to the presence and strength of competitive food/beverage laws, adjusting for child/family characteristics and state soda sales tax. Read More

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http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.12DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

A Focus Group Study Observing Maternal Intention to Use a WIC Education App.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):110-123

Objective In this study, we sought to determine technology acceptance of a mobile application (app) to facilitate healthy behaviors as perceived by English- and Spanish-speaking participants of the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Methods Our sample was 48 mothers (78% Hispanic-American) at WIC clinics in south-central Texas. Through 6 focus groups, we explored user intention of a wireframe app prototype. Read More

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http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.11DOI Listing
November 2018
21 Reads

E-cigarettes and Tobacco Exposure Biomarkers among American Indian Smokers.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):101-109

Objective We assessed associations between electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and smoking-related measures among American Indians (AIs) who smoke. MethodsWe collected baseline survey and smoking biomarker data in a cohort of 375 adult AI smokers at a Cherokee Nation healthcare facility in Oklahoma. We used multivariate logistic and linear regression analyses to determine associations between e-cigarette use and smoking-related characteristics, including biomarkers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263116PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Using a Smoking Cessation Quitline to Promote Lung Cancer Screening.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):85-100

Objective We assessed whether in-depth messaging delivered via a smoking cessation quitline results in participants: (1) speaking to their physician, or (2) insurance company regarding lung cancer screening (LCS). MethodsEligible participants lived in New York State and met the United States Preventive Services Task Force eligibility criteria for LCS (N = 1000). A randomized trial was conducted among New York State Smokers' Quitline participants to assess the impact of a brochure containing information on risks, benefits, and costs associated with LCS (control group) versus the brochure supplemented with phone-based in-depth messaging (treatment group). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.9DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Personality Traits Associated with Weight Maintenance among Successful Weight Losers.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):78-84

Objective The influence of personality traits on successful weight loss has been studied previously with conflicting findings. Much less is known about the influence of personality traits on weight maintenance after weight loss. The aims of this study were to assess how personality traits were associated with motivational factors, dietary habits, self-weighing frequency, need for support, and difficulties encountered during the weight loss process in formerly successful weight maintainers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.8DOI Listing
November 2018
26 Reads

Regression Models to Predict Corrected Height, Weight, and Obesity Indicators among University Students in Beijing, China.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):70-77

ObjectiveWhereas data collection on subjective anthropometric measures is inexpensive and sometimes may be the only feasible option for large-scale population-based surveys, self-reported height and weight can be susceptible to measurement error and social desirability bias. In this study, we aimed to assess the level of discrepancy between self-reported and device-measured height, weight, and obesity indicators, and to construct regression models to predict corrected anthropometric measures using self-reported data. MethodsPaper-and-pencil-based health surveys were administered to all freshmen enrolled in Tsinghua University in Beijing, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.7DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Demographic Relationships to Students' Fruit and Vegetable Intake.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):60-69

Objective Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake remains inadequate in youth and differs across demographic subgroups. We examined relationships between student demographic characteristics and amounts of fresh FV selected, consumed, and wasted at school lunch. MethodsRandomly selected students (N = 294) at 3 middle schools participated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.6DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Satisfaction with Financial Incentives for Chronic Disease Prevention.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):46-59

ObjectiveWe examined Medicaid enrollees' experiences and satisfaction with financial incentives-based chronic disease prevention programs in 10 states. MethodsThis cross-site study of the Medicaid Incentives for Prevention of Chronic Diseases model used a mixed-methods approach to assess Medicaid enrollees' experiences and satisfaction with the incentive programs. We conducted 31 in-person focus groups with 212 program participants, followed by a mail survey in English and Spanish (N = 2274). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.5DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Act-Belong-Commit Indicators Promote Mental Health and Wellbeing among Irish Older Adults.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):31-45

Objective Act-Belong-Commit is the world's first population-wide, community-based mental health promotion campaign. We assessed the associations between baseline indicators of Act-Belong-Commit behavioral domains and wellbeing at 2-year follow-up in a population-based sample of Irish older adults. MethodsData from 2 waves of the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.4DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Factors Influencing Trust towards Physicians among Patients from 12 Hospitals in China.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):19-30

Objective We investigated the level of physician trust in China and how it is influenced by various demographic factors. MethodsWe surveyed 12 public hospitals from which inpatients were randomly selected using hospitalization ID and outpatients were selected using census sampling to participate in the interview. Trust in physicians was measured using the Chinese version of Wake Forest Physician Trust Scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.3DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Dog Ownership from a Life Course Perspective and Leisure-time Physical Activity in Late Adulthood: The Helsinki Birth Cohort Study.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):11-18

Objective We investigated the association between dog ownership during the life course and leisure-time PA (LTPA) in late adulthood. Methods We included 714 participants (mean age = 70.8 ± 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.2DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Mediterranean Diet Adherence in Cardiac Patients: A Cross-sectional Study.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Nov;42(6):3-10

Objective We analyzed the constructs of social cognitive theory that explain adherence to the Mediterranean diet in patients diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. Methods A cross-sectional study of 337 cardiac patients using a validated questionnaire was conducted and analyzed at an outpatient cardiology clinic, employing social cognitive theory (SCT) as the theoretical framework. Results Dietary adherence was associated with statistically significant improvements in the SCT constructs. Read More

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http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.1DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Perceptions of Alternative Tobacco Products, Anti-tobacco Media, and Tobacco Regulation among Young Adults: A Qualitative Study.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Jul;42(4):118-130

Objectives With increased alternative tobacco product (ATP) use and lagging public health action, we explored perceptions of ATPs, anti-tobacco messaging, and tobacco regulation among young adults. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 60 Georgia college students aged 18-25 using: (1) cigarettes, little cigars/cigarillos (LCCs), smokeless tobacco, or e-cigarettes ≥15 days of the past 30; or (2) hookah ≥10 of the past 30 days (due to lower frequency of use). Of 99 participants recruited, 80 consented, and 60 participated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.4.11DOI Listing
July 2018
11 Reads

Smokeless Tobacco Use and Related Factors: A Study in the US Military Population.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Jul;42(4):102-117

ObjectivesThe prevalence of smokeless tobacco use in the US military is alarmingly high. We aimed to identify factors related to smokeless tobacco use among active duty service members. Methods Participants (N = 2465) from Fort Bragg Army Base, North Carolina and Lackland Air Force Base, Texas completed a self-administered questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.4.10DOI Listing
July 2018
10 Reads

Lifetime Depression, Other Mental Illness, and Smoking Cessation.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Jul;42(4):90-101

Objectives In this study, we attempt to elucidate the relationship between lifetime mental illness (LMI), particularly a depression diagnosis, and smoking cessation. Methods Data were drawn from a previous study and include LMI, demographics, mood, and smoking cessation outcomes. We evaluated the relationship between multiple LMIs and smoking cessation at 7 months post-intervention, and depression in combination with another LMI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.4.9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6050019PMC
July 2018
7 Reads

Psychometric Evaluation of the Relapse Situation Efficacy Questionnaire in a Weight Loss Treatment Study.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Jul;42(4):80-89

Objectives We assessed the psychometric properties of the Relapse Situation Efficacy Questionnaire - Weight (RSEQ-W) including internal consistency reliability, criterion-related validity (concurrent and predictive validity) and construct validity (convergent validity and factor analysis). Methods We administered the RSEQ-W at baseline, and at 6 and 12 months in a 12-month prospective behavioral weight loss study. Spearman correlations were used to examine the convergent and concurrent validity; multivariate linear regression was used to assess the predictive validity; exploratory factor analysis was conducted using principal component analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.4.8DOI Listing
July 2018
17 Reads

Developing Text Messages to Reduce Community College Student Alcohol Use.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Jul;42(4):70-79

Objectives The aim of this study is to evaluate how community college students with hazardous drinking perceived the usefulness of alcohol protective behavioral strategy text messages (TM-PBS). Methods Community college students with past hazardous single occasion or weekly drinking (N = 48; 60% female) were randomized to receive 2 TM-PBS on 3 typical drinking days per week for 2 weeks selected by: (1) research investigators (ie, based on clinical and theoretical application); (2) participants (ie, messages highly rated at baseline by the participants); or (3) a random process. Prior to 2 typical drinking days per week, immediately after receiving TMs, we asked: "How useful do you think this strategy will be for you when you drink? Text a number from 1 (not useful) to 5 (very useful). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.4.7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237090PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Self-reported Health Predicts Hispanic Women's Weight Perceptions and Concerns.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Jul;42(4):61-69

Objectives In this study, we examined how self-reported health is related to low-income, Hispanic women's underestimation and concerns of weight status. Methods Seventy Hispanic women from Houston-area community centers reported their perceptions and concerns about their weight and health. Height and weight were measured to calculate body mass index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.4.6DOI Listing
July 2018
20 Reads

After Sexual Identity Disclosure: An Ecological Perceptive of LGB Young Adults.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Jul;42(4):45-60

Objectives A plethora of research exists concerning determinants prior or during the sexual identity disclosure process; yet, information is limited concerning internal and external experiences after one discloses his or her sexual identity to their social support system. Through the lenses of the Social Ecological Model, the purpose of this study was to further understand the current lived experiences of persons in post-sexual identity disclosure. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted among 15 lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.4.5DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads

Exploring the Relationship between Types of Leisure Activities and Life Satisfaction, Health Perception, and Social Support among Korean Individuals with Physical Disabilities.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Jul;42(4):34-44

Objectives The purpose of this study was to examine which types of leisure activities are associated with social support, health perception, and life satisfaction among Korean individuals who have physical disabilities. Methods Using a purposive sampling strategy, a total of 238 individuals who have physical disabilities participated in this study. Results This study showed that participation in cultural activities and volunteer activities predicted life satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.4.4DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads

Surprising Advantages of Low Self-Efficacy Revealed in a Sports Nutrition Education.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Jul;42(4):23-33

Objectives To determine the influence of educational sports nutrition programs on adolescent athlete's nutritional habits and on the general and academic self-efficacy of nutrition students who facilitated the program. MethodsAn intervention framework and a convergent mixed-methods approach were used for this study. A questionnaire to examine knowledge of sports nutrition and an eating diary were used for tracking results at 3 points in time; beginning, end of the program and 3 months follow up. Read More

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http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.4.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.4.3DOI Listing
July 2018
11 Reads

Do Incentives Promote Action Planning in a Web-based Walking Intervention?

Am J Health Behav 2018 Jul;42(4):13-22

Objective In this study, we examine the effect of providing an incentive for engagement in self-regulatory behaviors (ie, action planning), in inactive, office-based university employees participating in an 11-week, Web-based walking intervention. Methods Participants were randomly assigned to either control (intervention only) or incentive (intervention plus incentive; CAD $5.00 e-gift card delivered weekly for completing action plans over 4 weeks) conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.4.2DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads