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    1279 results match your criteria American Journal of Health Behavior[Journal]

    1 OF 26

    Social Media Use and Depression and Anxiety Symptoms: A Cluster Analysis.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Mar;42(2):116-128
    Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health, University Honors College, Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.
    Objectives: Individuals use social media with varying quantity, emotional, and behavioral at- tachment that may have differential associations with mental health outcomes. In this study, we sought to identify distinct patterns of social media use (SMU) and to assess associations between those patterns and depression and anxiety symptoms.

    Methods: In October 2014, a nationally-representative sample of 1730 US adults ages 19 to 32 completed an online survey. Read More

    Intrapersonal Factors of Male and Female Adolescent Fruit and Vegetable Intake.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Mar;42(2):106-115
    Texas State University, Department of Health and Human Performance, San Marcos, TX.
    Objectives: In this study, we examined the role of socio-demographic (race/ethnicity, sex, grade, nativity, literacy, body mass index) and individual-level (normative beliefs, knowledge, perceived barriers, food preference, self-efficacy) factors on US adolescent fruit and vegetable consumption.

    Methods: We conducted hierarchical multiple regression analysis to determine the influence of factors on adolescent fruit and vegetable consumption in a nationally represen- tative sample of 795 adolescents from the National Cancer Institute's 2014 Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) study.

    Results: Socio-demographic variables explained little variance (1. Read More

    Perceived Stress Predicts Lower Physical Activity in African-American Boys, but not Girls.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Mar;42(2):93-105
    School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Correspondence Dr Hasson.
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine cross-sectional relationships of psychological stress, stress coping, and minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in Amer- ican-American (AA) boys and girls.

    Methods: A community-based sample of 139 AA adolescents (mean age 14.7 years; SD = 1. Read More

    Effects of Large Cigarette Warning Labels on Smokers' Expected Longevity.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Mar;42(2):85-92
    Department of Medicine, Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, CA.
    Objectives: Smokers underestimate the health risks of smoking and overestimate their expected longevity. Warning labels on cigarette packs might help correct these misperceptions.

    Methods: We carried out an online study with 1200 smokers (18-62 years old), randomized to 3 conditions: text warning labels, pictorial warning labels, and a control group (water bottle labels). Read More

    Chronic Disease Risk Typologies among Young Adults in Community College.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Mar;42(2):71-84
    UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC.
    Objectives: To address chronic disease risk holistically from a behavioral perspective, insights are needed to refine understanding of the covariance of key health behaviors. This study aims to identify distinct typologies of young adults based on 4 modifiable risk factors of chronic disease using a latent class analysis approach, and to describe patterns of class membership based on demographic characteristics, living arrangements, and weight.

    Methods: Overall, 441 young adults aged 18-35 attending community colleges in the Minnesota Twin Cities area completed a baseline questionnaire for the Choosing Healthy Options in College Environments and Settings study, a RCT. Read More

    A Pilot Feasibility Study to Improve Food Parenting Practices.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Mar;42(2):61-70
    Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI.
    Objectives: We examined the feasibility and acceptability of a novel home-based intervention to improve the food parenting practices of low-income mothers with preschool-aged children.

    Methods: Mother-child dyads (N = 15) were recruited from WIC in southern Rhode Island. A non-experimental, pretest-posttest design was used to assess changes in maternal food parenting practices. Read More

    Caregiver Daily Experiences Associated with Child Asthma Symptoms.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Mar;42(2):50-60
    Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA.
    Objective: In this study, we used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) delivered via smart- phones to determine how the daily experiences (comfort in neighborhood, ability to manage child's asthma, positive/negative affect) of 59 caregivers (90% African-American/black) living in an urban setting are associated with asthma symptoms in children ages 7-12 years (M = 9.56 years).

    Methods: Caregivers and their children with asthma completed a baseline research ses- sion, followed by 14 days of EMA surveys completed on smartphones. Read More

    Adapting a Skin Cancer Prevention Intervention for Multiethnic Adolescents.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Mar;42(2):36-49
    Hawaii Pathologists' Laboratory, Honolulu, HI.
    Objective: We tested the effectiveness of a school-based skin cancer prevention intervention entitled "SunSafe in the Middle School Years" adapted for multiethnic high school students.

    Methods: In Hawai'i, 208 10th graders (51.6% Asian, 30. Read More

    Patterns and Trends of Hookah Use among New Jersey Youth: New Jersey Youth Tobacco Survey 2008-2014.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Mar;42(2):21-35
    Department of Community Health and Health Behavior, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY.
    Objectives: In this study, the aim was to document trends of ever, past 30-day, and frequent (use on > 10 days/month) hookah use among New Jersey (NJ) high school students.

    Methods: Data were analyzed from the 2008-2014 waves of the NJ Youth Tobacco Survey, a biennial survey of public high school students in grades 9-12 with a mean age of 15 years. Multivariable logistic regressions assessed trends and correlates of hookah use. Read More

    Variability in Intensity Related to Increased Overall Bout Intensity.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Mar;42(2):12-20
    Department of Kinesiology, Recreation and Sport Studies, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN.
    Objective: We examined the relationship between variability in self-regulated exercise intensity and overall intensity during acute exercise.

    Methods: Overall, 32 participants (age; 20±4y, body mass index (BMI) 24.1±3. Read More

    Influence of Ambient Air Pollution on Television Use among Residents in Shanghai, China.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Mar;42(2):3-11
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL.
    Objectives: We examined the impact of ambient air pollution on television use among residents in Shanghai, China.

    Methods: Device-measured daily average duration of television use from January 2014 to December 2016 was obtained from a random sample of 300 households, and was matched to air pollution and weather data. We used an autoregressive moving-average model to estimate the association between air quality index (AQI) and television use. Read More

    Frequency of Breakfast and Physical Fitness among Chinese College Students.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):156-162
    Department of Physical Education, Dalian Institute of Science and Technology, Dalian, People's Republic of China.
    Objective: Although several studies report a relationship between breakfast consumption and physical fitness, results are inconsistent and lack evidence in young adults. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between frequency of breakfast consumption and physical fitness among college students.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study investigated 10,125 Chinese college students (6251 male, 3874 female participants) who underwent physical examinations in 2015. Read More

    Heroin Use and Drug Injection among Youth Also Misusing Prescription Drugs.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):144-155
    National Development and Research Institutes, Incorporated, New York, NY, USA.
    Objectives: We identified the prevalence of nonmedical prescription drug use and its relationship to heroin and injection drug use in 4 nationally representative samples of adolescents.

    Methods: We used the most recent data (2009-2015) from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (Ntotal= 61,132). Prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals for prescription drug misuse, heroin use, and injection drug use were calculated across time points, sex, and race/ethnicity subgroups. Read More

    Media Devices in Parents' and Children's Bedrooms and Children's Media Use.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):135-143
    School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
    Objectives: The American Academy of Pediatrics advises having no media devices in children's bedrooms. We examined the link between media devices in parents' and children's bedrooms and children's media use.

    Methods: Ninety parent-child dyads participated in a community- based healthy weight management study targeting 8-to-12-year-olds with body mass index (BMI)-for-age ≥75th percentile. Read More

    An Examination of Changes in Social Disparities in Health Behaviors in the US, 2003-2015.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):119-134
    Tufts Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.
    Objectives: Due to growing health disparities, federal and philanthropic agencies have empha-sized reducing health disparities in their preventive health efforts. This study determined the status of disparities in health behaviors in the last 13 years in the United States.

    Methods: Data were obtained from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Systems in odd years (2003-2015). Read More

    A Profile of Individuals with Anti-tobacco Message Fatigue.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):109-118
    Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Objectives: Message fatigue, a phenomenon of being tired of repeated exposure to messages promoting the same health behavior, may reduce the effectiveness of anti-tobacco messages, such as warning labels. As an initial step towards understanding the phenomenon, we examined predictors of anti-tobacco message fatigue.

    Methods: An online study (N = 1838) involving a non-probability sample of nonsmokers and smokers in the United States assessed anti-tobacco message fatigue and individual-level factors including demographic variables and smoking status. Read More

    Healthcare Satisfaction among Older Adults.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):99-108
    University of Nebraska at Kearney, Department of Sociology, Kearney, NE, USA.
    Objective: This study seeks to examine how older adults rate and identify the importance of attributes associated with healthcare seeking and utilization (eg, affordability, type of facility, and accessibility) in the United States.

    Methods: The empirical work of this cross-sectional study is based on the 2014 Health and Retirement Study. Conjoint analysis and cluster analysis are used to assess the objective. Read More

    Factors Associated with Sunbed use in Women: the E3N-SunExp Study.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):85-98
    CESP. Fac. de médecine - Univ. Paris-Sud, Fac. de médecine - UVSQ, INSERM, Université Paris-Saclay, 94805, Villejuif, France and Gustave Roussy, F-94805, Villejuif, France.
    Objectives: In this study, we attempt to describe the profile of sunbed users among cancer-free French women.

    Methods: E3N is a prospective cohort including 98,995 French women aged 40- 65 years in 1990. In 2008, a specific UV questionnaire was sent to all reported skin cancer cases and 3 controls per case, matched on age, county of birth, and education. Read More

    Long-term Weight Maintenance after Successful Weight Loss: Motivational Factors, Support, Difficulties, and Success Factors.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):77-84
    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Objectives: The main aims of this study were to assess motivational factors for weight loss, and support and difficulties during the weight loss and weight maintenance phase.

    Methods: This study was based upon findings from the Finnish Weight Control Registry (FWCR), including 158 formerly obese persons, who lost at least 10% of their initial weight and maintained it for at least 2 years. Data have been collected through electronic forms. Read More

    Lung Cancer Screening Uncertainty among Patients Undergoing LDCT.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):69-76
    Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Boston, MA, USA.
    Objectives: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death, yet lung screening remains underutilized. Lung cancer screening uncertainty (LCSU), including referral clarity and the perceived accuracy of screening, may hinder utilization and represent an unmet psychosocial need. This study sought to identify correlates of LCSU among lung screening patients. Read More

    Dental Visits Mediate the Impact of Smoking on Oral Health.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):59-68
    Department of Health Outcomes and Policy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.
    Objectives: We explored the mediational relationships among smoking, dental visits, and oral health in a longitudinal study.

    Methods: We selected a sample of adult residents of rural communities of North Central Florida and followed them for 3 years (final N = 1170). We examined the impact of smoking on oral health across time and conducted mediation analysis to quantify the effect of dental visits on the relationship between smoking and poor oral health. Read More

    Healthy Behaviors and Incidence of Disability in Community-Dwelling Elderly.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):51-58
    Department of Preventive Gerontology, Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu, Aichi, Japan.
    Objectives: In this paper and prospective study, we examine the number of healthy behaviors and the incidence of disability in community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years and older.

    Methods: Participants (N = 4483) were residents of Obu, Japan who were asked about regular exercise, smoking status, and sleep duration. Demographic variables, history of disease, physi- cal function, and cognitive function were measured as confounders. Read More

    Improving Resiliency in Healthcare Employees.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):39-50
    DeDepartment of General Internal Medicine and Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
    Objectives: The high prevalence of stress at the workplace has been well documented; however, few studies have investigated the efficacy of worksite resiliency programs. Therefore, the objec- tive of this project was to examine the impact of a worksite resilience training program on improving resiliency and health behaviors in healthcare employees.

    Methods: Between 2012 and 2016, 137 adult wellness center members of a healthcare institution participating in a single-arm cohort study of a 12-week resiliency training program were assessed at baseline, end of intervention, and at 3-month follow-up. Read More

    Knowledge Gaps of the Health Benefits of Beans among Low-Income Women.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):27-38
    Human Sciences Extension and Outreach, Iowa State University Cooperative Extension, Ames, IA, USA.
    Objectives: We determined knowledge of the health benefits of consuming beans, and assessed if awareness varied by acculturation status among Hispanic and non-Hispanic low-income women.

    Methods: We used a self-administered survey with Iowa women aged 18-65 years who were eligible to receive income-based services through 2 healthcare clinics, a WIC clinic, and Extension Outreach. Chi-square and ANOVA were used to compare bean health benefit knowledge, demographics, health-risk factors, nutrition information seeking, and self-efficacy by acculturation categories. Read More

    Physician Intervention and Chinese Americans' Colorectal Cancer Screening.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):13-26
    Department of Oncology, and Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington DC, USA.
    Objective: We conducted a cluster-randomized trial evaluating an intervention that trained Chinese-American primary care physicians to increase their Chinese patients' colorectal cancer (CRC) screening.

    Methods: Twenty-five physicians (13 randomized to the intervention arm and 12 to the control arm) and 479 of their patients (aged 50-75 and nonadherent to CRC screening guidelines) were enrolled. The intervention, guided by Social Cognitive Theory, included a communication guide and 2 in-office training sessions to enhance physicians' efficacy in com- municating CRC screening with patients. Read More

    Body Weight and Bullying Victimization among US Adolescents.
    Am J Health Behav 2018 Jan;42(1):3-12
    Department of Applied Health Science, Indiana University School of Public Health, Bloomington, IN, USA.
    Objective: We examined the association between body weight status at all levels (including underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obesity) and bullying victimization among US ado- lescents using a nationally representative data.

    Methods: We used logistic regression to exam- ine the association between bullying victimization and body weight status by sex with the data from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) (N = 11,825), controlling for demographics, selected behavioral confounders, and complex survey design.

    Results: We found a statistically significant U-shaped association between body weight and bullying victimization among male (p = . Read More

    Clinic Appointment Attendance in Adults with Serious Mental Illness and Diabetes.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):810-821
    Professor of Psychiatry, Neurology and Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Neurological Institute, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH.
    Objectives: We assessed characteristics that may predict outpatient appointment attendance in outpatient medical clinics among patients comorbid for serious mental illness (SMI) and type 2 diabetes (DM).

    Methods: Baseline covariate data from 200 individuals with SMI-DM enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) were used to examine characteristics associated with electronic health record-identified clinic appointment attendance using a generalized estimating equations approach. The analyses evaluated the relationship between clinic attendance and potentially modifiable factors including disease knowledge, self-efficacy, social support, physical health, and mental health, as well as demographic information. Read More

    Discrepancy in Motivation for Weight Loss and Exercise in Rural Patients.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):803-809
    Assistant Director, Rural Health Research Institute, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA.
    Objectives: We explored the extent to which discrepancy between motivation for weight loss and exercise is related to obesity among rural patients with chronic disease, and identified the psychosocial correlates of this discrepancy.

    Methods: 497 patients with diabetes and/or hypertension were recruited from a network of Federally Qualified Health Centers in the rural South and completed a battery of assessments.

    Results: Most persons in the sample (83. Read More

    Development and Validation of the Outcome Expectations for Yoga Scale.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):796-802
    Professor, Center for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI.
    Objective: Our objective was to develop an instrument that can measure outcome expectations of yoga and to evaluate the instrument for internal consistency and initial construct validity.

    Methods: A 20-item scale was developed to assess physical, mental, and spiritual health benefits related to yoga practice among adults. The scale was tested in a baseline survey with adults participating in a clinical trial. Read More

    Maintenance of Lifestyle Changes at 12-month Follow-up in a Nutrition and Physical Activity Trial for Cancer Survivors.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):784-795
    Associate Professor, School of Medicine and Public Health, Priority Research Center for Health Behavior, Priority Research Center in Physical Activity and Nutrition, Hunter Medical Research Institute, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW (Australia).
    Objectives: In this paper, we report maintenance of behavior change in a nutrition and physical activity intervention for cancer survivors at 12-months follow-up.

    Methods: The ENRICH (Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) program was an 8-week face-to-face program for cancer survivors and caregivers, focused on healthy eating, healthy weight, resistance training, and a walking program. Randomized controlled trial participants completed a survey and 7-days of pedometry at baseline, 8-weeks, and 20-weeks. Read More

    Household Food Security Discordance Among Latino Adolescents and Parents.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):775-783
    Florida State University, Department of Family and Child Sciences, Tallahassee, FL.
    Objectives: We determined the degree of parent-adolescent concordance in reported household food security, and delineated variation in concordance as a function of selected household and parent-adolescent relationship characteristics.

    Methods: Cross-tabulations and Cohen's Kappa determined concordance. Multinomial logistic regressions delineated variation in concordance as a function of selected household and parent-adolescent relationship characteristics for Latino parent and adolescent dyads (N = 70). Read More

    Distress Tolerance Links Sleep Problems with Stress and Health in Homeless.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):760-774
    Associate Professor, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma Tobacco Research Center, Oklahoma City, OK.
    Objective: We examined associations between sleep problems, distress intolerance, and perceived stress and health in a convenience sample of homeless adults.

    Methods: Participants (N = 513, 36% women, Mage = 44.5 ±11. Read More

    E-cigarette Use and Cigarette Smoking Cessation among Texas College Students.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):750-759
    Professor and Regional Dean, University of Texas School of Public Health, Austin, TX.
    Objectives: We examined the relationships between e-cigarette use and subsequent cigarette smoking behaviors at 6- and 12-month follow-ups among young adults.

    Methods: Participants were 18-29 year-old current and former cigarette smokers (N = 627) at 24 Texas colleges, participating in a 3-wave study. Multi-level, multivariable logistic regression models, accounting for school clustering, examined the impact of self-reported use of e-cigarettes on cigarette smoking status at 6- and 12-month follow-ups. Read More

    Who Enrolls in a Quit Smoking Program with Yoga Therapy?
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):740-749
    Post-Doctoral Fellow, Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI.
    Objectives: Yoga may improve stress, affect, and weight control, all of which are commonly cited barriers to quitting smoking. However, the importance of these concerns may vary by sex, race, ethnicity, and age. We examined smoking-relevant characteristics of individuals enrolling in an 8-week randomized controlled trial testing yoga as a complementary treatment to standard smoking cessation. Read More

    Promoting the Well-being of Urban Youth through Drama-based Peer Education.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):728-739
    The College of New Jersey, Department of Psychology, Ewing, NJ.
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine youths' perceptions of a drama-based peer education approach to promote adolescent well-being.

    Methods: High school students facilitated workshops on one of 7 topics (eg, dating violence) for 4733 urban elementary, middle, and high school students. Audience members' perceptions of workshop content and implementation were examined. Read More

    The Influence of Self-efficacy in Medical Drama Television Programming on Behaviors and Emotions that Promote Cervical Cancer Prevention.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):719-727
    Assistant Professor, The Edward R. Murrow College of Communication, Washington State University, Pullman, WA.
    Objectives: We explored the influences of medical drama viewing on health behaviors and emotions, and examined the role of self-efficacy in medical drama programming.

    Methods: A single-factor, 2-condition experimental design that manipulated self-efficacy levels was adopted. A total of 131 female undergraduate students who were likely involved with the issues of HPV vaccination and cervical cancer participated in this experiment. Read More

    Food Melt in Consumer Food Environments in Low-income Urban Neighborhoods.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):710-718
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
    Objectives: We systematically evaluated changes in availability, price, and quality of perishable food items from the beginning to the end of the month in lowincome, urban neighborhoods.

    Methods: The sample included grocery stores or supermarkets in Cleveland, Ohio, within neighborhoods with >30% of population receiving food assistance. We collected data for 2 sequential months during the first and fourth weeks of each month. Read More

    Survey Development to Assess College Students' Perceptions of the Campus Environment.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):701-709
    Professor, Rutgers University, Department of Nutritional Sciences, New Brunswick, NJ.
    Objective: We developed and tested a College Environmental Perceptions Survey (CEPS) to assess college students' perceptions of the healthfulness of their campus.

    Methods: CEPS was developed in 3 stages: questionnaire development, validity testing, and reliability testing. Questionnaire development was based on an extensive literature review and input from an expert panel to establish content validity. Read More

    The Prevalence of Violent Behavior among Lebanese University Students: Association with Behavioral and Mental Health Factors.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):693-700
    Professor, Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany.
    Objectives: We estimated the prevalence of 2 key violent behaviors (weapons carrying and physical fighting), determined the health risk correlates of violent behavior, such as current tobacco smoking, alcohol binge drinking, and having multiple sexual partners, and investigated the potential mental health factors related to violent behavior among Lebanese university students.

    Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, data were collected from 450 Lebanese university students based on proportionate cluster sampling. Various health and behavioral risk factors were considered for the analyses. Read More

    The Perceived Impact ofon Physical Activity and Family Involvement: A Preliminary Investigation.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):683-692
    Professor, West Virginia University, College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Department of Coaching and Teaching Studies, Morgantown, WV.
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived impact of I am Moving, I am Learning (IMIL) on physical activity (PA) levels, along with family and community involvement in a Head Start program in Illinois.

    Methods: Employing qualitative methods, data were collected via a parent/caregiver survey and program staff focus groups in Rock Island, Illinois.

    Results: IMIL was perceived to have made an impact in several areas including knowledge, health-related behaviors, and supportive school and home environments. Read More

    Effectiveness of Social Media-based Interventions on Weight-related Behaviors and Body Weight Status: Review and Meta-analysis.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Nov;41(6):670-682
    School of Sports Journalism and Foreign Studies, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China.
    Objectives: We reviewed scientific literature regarding the effectiveness of social media-based interventions about weight-related behaviors and body weight status.

    Methods: A keyword search were performed in May 2017 in the Clinical-Trials.gov, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Web of Science databases. Read More

    Perceived Barriers and Facilitators to Healthy Eating and School Lunch Meals among Adolescents: A Qualitative Study.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):661-669
    Sol Price School of Public Policy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.
    Objectives: We explored how perceived barriers and facilitators influence healthy eating and investigated the acceptability of changes to school lunch meals among adolescents after implementation of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010.

    Methods: We conducted 8 focus groups with adolescents (N = 64) at 3 South Los Angeles high schools. Data collection instruments included a semi-structured guide and questionnaire. Read More

    Demographic Factors Predict Disparities in Number of Assets Youth Possess.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):652-660
    University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK.
    Objectives: This study's purpose was to determine if youth race/ethnicity, youth age and sex, parent income and education, household wealth, family poverty, and family structure were prospectively associated with youth assets in a community-based sample of racially/ethnically and economically-diverse youth and their parents.

    Methods: Five waves of data were collected annually (2003 to 2008) from youth (N = 1111; Mean age = 14.4 years, SD = 1. Read More

    Immigrant Enclaves and Inadequate Prenatal Care among Mexican-origin Mothers.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):642-651
    Assistant Professor, School of Social Transformation, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ;, Email:
    Objectives: This study is an investigation of the relationships between residing in different types of ethnic enclave neighborhoods and inadequate use of prenatal care among Mexican-origin mothers.

    Methods: A unique dataset was created using National Center for Health Statistics 2008 restricted-use detailed natality files, the 2005-2009 American Community Survey, and the Department of Health and Human Services Area Resource file. Hierarchical modeling was used. Read More

    Fall-related Comorbidity and Health Beliefs among Cancer Survivors Participating in a Community-based Exercise Intervention.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):630-641
    Associate Professor, Department of Health and Human Sciences, Seaver College of Science and Engineering, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA.
    Objectives: Health beliefs (HB) and fall and balance-related outcomes were examined following a 26-week community-based exercise intervention among cancer survivors (CS).

    Methods: Fall and balance-related measures and HB were quantitatively and qualitatively examined during a 26-week intervention among CS (N = 33). Of the 33 participants, 28 consented to an interview about their physical activity (PA) behavior. Read More

    Perceived Influences on Farmers' Market Use among Urban, WIC-enrolled Women.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):618-629
    Scientist/Research Nutritionist and Associate Professor of Pediatrics, USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.
    Objectives: We identified perceived barriers and facilitators to purchasing fruits and vegetables (FV) at farmers' markets, FV shopping practices, and reactions to a planned online lesson to promote farmers' market use among urban, inner-city WIC-enrolled women.

    Methods: Thirteen focus groups were conducted with 3-5 participants each (N = 54).

    Results: Common barriers were structural (transportation issues) and informational (not knowing the locations of markets). Read More

    Prevalence and Factors Associated with Smokeless Tobacco Use, 2014-2016.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):608-617
    Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science (TCORS), School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA.
    Objectives: We aimed to determine whether the prevalence of current use of smokeless tobacco products (STPs) changed during 2014-2016 and examine factors associated with use among adults in the United States (US).

    Methods: Data were obtained from Tobacco Products and Risk Perceptions Surveys of probability samples representative of US adults in 2014, 2015, and 2016. Change over time in current (past 30 day) STP use was examined using pairwise comparisons of proportions and multivariable logistic regression. Read More

    Body Image Satisfaction as a Physical Activity Indicator in University Students.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):599-607
    Unidad de Biomedicina, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Tlalnepantla, México.
    Objective: We examined the association of body image satisfaction (BIS) with physical activity (PA) in university athletes and non-athletes from northern Mexico.

    Methods: In a non-probability cross-sectional study, 294 participants (51% male, 41% athletes; 18-35 years old) completed 2 self-administered questionnaires to evaluate BIS and PA. We categorized somatotypes (endomorphy-mesomorphy-ectomorphy) by international standardized anthropometry. Read More

    School Physical Activity Programming and Gross Motor Skills in Children.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):591-598
    Associate Professor, Department of Health, Kinesiology, and Recreation, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.
    Objective: We examined the effect of a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP) on gross motor skills in children.

    Methods: Participants were 959 children (1st-6th grade; Mean age = 9.1 ± 1. Read More

    Tobacco Marketing, E-cigarette Susceptibility, and Perceptions among Adults.
    Am J Health Behav 2017 Sep;41(5):579-590
    Associate Professor, Department of Health Behavior and Policy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA.
    Objective: Understanding the impact of tobacco marketing on e-cigarette (EC) susceptibility and perceptions is essential to inform efforts to mitigate tobacco product burden on public health.

    Methods: Data were collected online in 2016 from 634 conventional cigarette (CC) smokers and 393 non-smokers using a convenience sample from Amazon Mechanical Turk. Logistic regression models, stratified by smoking status and adjusted for socio-demographics, examined the relationship among tobacco advertisements and coupons, EC and CC susceptibility, and EC perceptions. Read More

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