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    2194 results match your criteria American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse[Journal]

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    High inpatient utilization among Veterans Health Administration patients with substance-use disorders and co-occurring mental health conditions.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Nov 2:1-9. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    b Health Services Research & Development (HSR&D) Seattle Center of Innovation for Veteran Centered and Value-Driven Care , VA Puget Sound Health Care System , Seattle , WA , USA.
    Background: Substance-use disorders (SUDs) are common and costly conditions. Understanding high inpatient utilization (HIU) among patients with SUD can inform the development of treatment approaches designed to reduce healthcare expenditures and improve service quality.

    Objectives: To examine the prevalence, type, and predictors of HIU among patients with SUD and co-occurring mental health conditions. Read More

    Molecular spectroscopic studies examining the interactions between phenobarbital and human serum albumin in alcohol consumption.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Nov 2:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    b Institute of Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering , Southwest University , Chongqing , P.R. China.
    Background: Alcohol dependence is associated with a wide range of serious mental, physical, and social consequences and is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. Barbiturates, which are a first-line treatment in the clinic for alcohol withdrawal, may result in combined barbiturate and alcohol use. Their co-use abuse may promote synergistic effects between barbiturates and alcohol in vivo. Read More

    Assessment of the validity of the CUDIT-R in a subpopulation of cannabis users.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Oct 23:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    d Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine , Philadelphia , PA , USA.
    Background: The Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test-Revised (CUDIT-R) is an 8-item measure used to screen for cannabis use disorders (CUD). Despite widespread use of the tool, assessments of the CUDIT-R's validity in subpopulations are limited.

    Objectives: The current study tested the structural validity and internal consistency of one of the most widely used screening measures for CUD (i. Read More

    Substance use among bi/multiracial youth in the United States: Profiles of psychosocial risk and protection.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Oct 20:1-9. Epub 2017 Oct 20.
    c School of Social Work , College for Public Health and Social Justice, Saint Louis University , St. Louis , MO , USA.
    Background: Bi/multiracial youth face higher risk of engaging in substance use than most monoracial youth.

    Objectives: This study contrasts the prevalence of substance use among bi/multiracial youth with that of youth from other racial/ethnic groups, and identifies distinct profiles of bi/multiracial youth by examining their substance use risk.

    Methods: Using data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (collected between 2002 and 2014), we analyze data for 9,339 bi/multiracial youth ages 12-17 living in the United States. Read More

    Strengthening the working alliance through a clinician's familiarity with the 12-step approach.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Oct 19:1-8. Epub 2017 Oct 19.
    c School of Social Welfare, University at Albany, State University of New York , Albany , NY , USA.
    Background: The working alliance plays an important role in the substance use disorder treatment process. Many substance use disorder treatment providers incorporate the 12-Step approach to recovery into treatment. With the 12-Step approach known among many clients and clinicians, it may well factor into the therapeutic relationship. Read More

    Increasing availability of illicit and prescription opioids among people who inject drugs in a Canadian setting, 2010-2014.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Oct 19:1-10. Epub 2017 Oct 19.
    b British Columbia Centre on Substance Use , British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, St. Paul's Hospital , Vancouver , Canada.
    Background: Nonmedical use of prescription opioid and illicit opioid has been increasing at an alarming rate in North America over the past decade.

    Objective: We sought to examine the temporal trends and correlates of the availability of illicit and prescription opioids among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Vancouver, Canada.

    Methods: Data were derived from three prospective cohort studies of PWID in Vancouver between 2010 and 2014. Read More

    Evaluation of the appropriate use of a CIWA-Ar alcohol withdrawal protocol in the general hospital setting.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Oct 5:1-8. Epub 2017 Oct 5.
    c Department of Psychiatry , Stony Brook University, School of Medicine, Stony Brook , NY , USA.
    Background: The Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment-Alcohol, Revised (CIWA-Ar) is an assessment tool used to quantify alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) severity and inform benzodiazepine treatment for alcohol withdrawal.

    Objectives: To evaluate the prescribing patterns and appropriate use of the CIWA-Ar protocol in a general hospital setting, as determined by the presence or absence of documented AWS risk factors, patients' ability to communicate, and provider awareness of the CIWA-Ar order.

    Methods: This retrospective chart review included 118 encounters of hospitalized patients placed on a CIWA-Ar protocol during one year. Read More

    The mixed message behind "Medication-Assisted Treatment" for substance use disorder.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Sep 18:1-4. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    b UT Southwestern Medical Center , Department of Psychiatry , Dallas , TX , USA.
    The gap between treatment utilization and treatment need for substance use disorders (SUDs) remains a significant concern in our field. While the growing call to bridge this gap often takes the form of more treatment services and/or better integration of existing services, this perspective proposes that more effective labels for and transparent descriptions of existing services would also have a meaningful impact. Adopting the perspective of a consumer-based health-care model (wherein treatments and services are products and patients are consumers) allows us to consider how labels like Addiction-focused Medical Management, Medication-Assisted Treatment, Medication-Assisted Therapy, and others may actually be contributing to the underutilization problem rather than alleviating it. Read More

    Associated factors of readiness to change in young adult risky drinkers.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Aug 22:1-10. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    a Health Behavior Research and Training Institute at the School of Social Work , University of Texas , Austin , Texas , USA.
    Background: Readiness to change alcohol use has been associated with a number of predictors including emotional distress, drinking severity, and consequence severity, as well as with static demographic factors such as gender and race/ethnicity.

    Objective: To examine the relationships among these variables and readiness to change alcohol use in young adults.

    Methods: Structural equation modeling was used to test pathways of readiness to change in 1,256 young adult patients (78% male/22% female) ages 18-29 who were provided screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) as part of a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Treatment Capacity Expansion Project. Read More

    Transitioning from methadone to buprenorphine maintenance in management of opioid use disorder during pregnancy.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Aug 22:1-7. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    a Department of Psychiatry , Vanderbilt University Medical Center , Nashville , TN , USA.
    Background: Opioid use disorder during pregnancy is a growing health concern. Methadone maintenance is the treatment of choice but emerging data indicate buprenorphine is a viable alternative. Due to costs and limited accessibility of methadone, pregnant women may require transition from methadone to buprenorphine for maintenance treatment. Read More

    Neuropsychological comparisons of cocaine versus methamphetamine users: a research synthesis and meta-analysis.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Aug 21:1-17. Epub 2017 Aug 21.
    b Department of Psychiatry , University of California San Diego , La Jolla , CA , USA.
    Background: Previous meta-analytical research examining cocaine and methamphetamine separately suggests potentially different neuropsychological profiles associated with each drug. In addition, neuroimaging studies point to distinct structural changes that might underlie differences in neuropsychological functioning.

    Objectives: This meta-analysis compared the effect sizes identified in cocaine versus methamphetamine studies across 15 neuropsychological domains. Read More

    Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) administration to heavy cannabis users.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Aug 14:1-9. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    a Department of Psychiatry , Medical University of South Carolina , Charleston , SC , USA.
    Background: Cannabis use disorder (CUD) is a common condition with few treatments. Several studies in other substance use disorders have found that applying repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) decreases cue-elicited craving and possibly decreases use. To date, there have been no studies attempting to use rTMS in CUD. Read More

    Effects of alcohol consumption on blood pressure in hypertensive women.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Aug 14:1-6. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    b Department of Psychiatry , Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA.
    Background: Problem drinking carries significant health burdens, including an increased risk of hypertension. The effect of chronic alcohol intake on blood pressure (BP) in women is understudied and poorly understood.

    Objectives: We sought to examine the relationships between drinking habits and BP in hypertensive women. Read More

    Homeless women's service use, barriers, and motivation for participating in substance use treatment.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Aug 14:1-11. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    b Department of Quantitative Methods , University of Massachusetts Medical School , Worcester , MA , USA.
    Background: Homeless women are at high risk for substance use disorder (SUD), and are a growing proportion of the homeless population. However, homeless women experience barriers to engaging in substance use services.

    Objectives: Among homeless women with SUD, to explore service use, motivation to change, service barriers, and willingness to have substance use and mental health problems addressed in primary health care. Read More

    A novel non-opioid protocol for medically supervised opioid withdrawal and transition to antagonist treatment.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Aug 10:1-8. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
    b Addiction Recovery Service, Swedish Medical Center , Seattle , WA , USA.
    Background: The clinical feasibility of a novel non-opioid and benzodiazepine-free protocol was assessed for the treatment of medically supervised opioid withdrawal and transition to subsequent relapse prevention strategies.

    Methods: A retrospective chart review of DSM-IV diagnosed opioid-dependent patients admitted for inpatient medically supervised withdrawal examined 84 subjects (52 males, 32 females) treated with a 4-day protocol of scheduled tizanidine, hydroxyzine, and gabapentin. Subjects also received ancillary medications as needed, and routine counseling. Read More

    Recovery high schools: effect of schools supporting recovery from substance use disorders.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Aug 2:1-10. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    b School of Medicine and Public Health, Department of Population Health Sciences , University of Wisconsin-Madison , Madison , WI , USA.
    Background: Recovery high schools (RHSs) provide post-treatment education and recovery support for young people with substance use disorders (SUDs). This is the first quasi-experimental outcome study to determine RHS effectiveness relative to students in non-RHSs.

    Objectives: To examine effects of RHS attendance on academic and substance use outcomes among adolescents treated for SUDs 6 months after recruitment to the study. Read More

    Effects of propofol on conditioned place preference in male rats: involvement of nitrergic system.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jul 27:1-8. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    b Neuropsychopharmacology Application and Research Center (NPARC) , Üsküdar University , Istanbul , Turkey.
    Background: Drug-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) is linked to the addictive properties of the drug used. The number of studies that have investigated the effects of propofol on CPP is limited. Research findings suggest that nitric oxide (NO) might play an important role in substance use disorders. Read More

    Transgenerational modification of hippocampus TNF-α and S100B levels in the offspring of rats chronically exposed to morphine during adolescence.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jul 27:1-8. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    b Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine , Arak University of Medical Sciences , Arak , Iran.
    Background: TNF-α and S100B are important signaling factors that are involved in many aberrant conditions of the brain. Chronic morphine exposure causes aberrant modifications in the brain.

    Objectives: We examined the consequences of chronic morphine consumption by parents before mating on hippocampus TNF-α and S100B levels in the parents and their offspring. Read More

    Adult attachment and drinking context as predictors of alcohol problems and relationship satisfaction in college students.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jul 25:1-9. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    b Department of Counseling and Psychology in Education , University of South Dakota , Vermillion , South Dakota , USA.
    Background: Evidence suggests that for young adults, intimate partners influence each other's drinking patterns. Therefore, exploration of variables related to intimate partner relationships (such as attachment style) could broaden the current understanding of risk factors for alcohol problems in this demographic.

    Objectives: The current study examined the role of drinking context in the relationships among insecure attachment, alcohol problems, and relationship satisfaction. Read More

    Working memory capacity and addiction treatment outcomes in adolescents.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jul 20:1-8. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    b Department of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry , Oregon Health & Science University , Portland , OR , USA.
    Background: Brief addiction treatments including motivational interviewing (MI) have shown promise with adolescents, but the factors that influence treatment efficacy in this population remain unknown. One candidate is working memory, the ability to hold a fact or thought in mind. This is relevant, as in therapy, a client must maintain and manipulate ideas while working with a clinician. Read More

    Rural and urban substance use differences: effects of the transition to college.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jul 20:1-11. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    d Department of Psychological Sciences , Purdue University , West Lafayette , IN , USA.
    Background: With approximately 20% of Americans residing in rural communities, substance use differences is an important topic for appropriate use of resources, policy decisions, and the development of prevention and intervention programs.

    Objectives: The current study examined differences in alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among students from rural and urban backgrounds across the transition to college.

    Methods: Participants were 431 (48% male) undergraduate students from a large, public southeastern university who provided yearly alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use data during freshman, sophomore, and junior years. Read More

    Increased blood 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine levels in methamphetamine users during early abstinence.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jul 20:1-8. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    b Department of Psychiatry , School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University , Taipei , Taiwan.
    Background: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are thought to play a role in the adverse physical and mental consequences of methamphetamine usage. The oxidative DNA adduct 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is a well-known biomarker of ROS-induced DNA damage. Currently, there is insufficient clinical information about methamphetamine-induced oxidative DNA damage. Read More

    Effects of depression and past-year binge drinking on cognitive control processes during a flanker task in college-aged adults.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jul 20:1-10. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    a Case Western Reserve University , Department of Psychological Sciences , Cleveland , OH , USA.
    Background: Recent but largely separate literatures have examined neurocognitive alterations related to both depression and binge drinking, suggesting similar patterns of impairments in attention control and decisional processes. However, depression and problematic alcohol use tend to co-occur, and few studies have examined whether cognitive processing effects of depression and binge drinking are independent or interacting.

    Objective: The current study examined joint effects of depressive symptoms and past-year binge drinking on cognitive processing (measured via EEG assessment). Read More

    Surveying the opinions of Pennsylvania Chiefs of Police toward officers carrying and administering naloxone.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jun 30:1-8. Epub 2017 Jun 30.
    a Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center , Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Prehospital and Transport Medicine , Hershey PA , USA.
    Background: Recent legislation in Pennsylvania allows police officers to administer naloxone to individuals in an opioid overdose. Pressure has subsequently been placed on police departments to adopt naloxone programs.

    Objective: To survey Pennsylvania Chiefs of Police regarding potential obstacles to officer-administered naloxone, and their overall opinion toward such programs. Read More

    Interaction between the ADH1B*3 allele and drinking motives on alcohol use among Black college students.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jun 29:1-10. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    a Department of Psychology , Syracuse University , Syracuse , NY , USA.
    Background: Black young adults have lower rates of alcohol use than other racial groups. Genetic factors may protect against drinking. Specifically, the ADH1B*3 allele is present almost exclusively in Black populations and has been protective against alcohol use and alcohol use disorder. Read More

    Longitudinal associations between outpatient medical care use and substance use among rural stimulant users.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jun 29:1-9. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    a Department of Psychiatry , University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences , Little Rock , AR , USA.
    Background: Negative views toward substance use treatment among some rural substance users and limited treatment resources in rural areas likely affect substance use utilization. It is therefore important to determine whether accessing healthcare options other than substance use treatment, specifically outpatient medical care (OMC), is associated with reductions in substance use.

    Objectives: We examined whether use of OMC was associated with reductions in substance use among rural substance users over a three-year period. Read More

    Effect of chronic γ-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) administration on GHB toxicokinetics and GHB-induced respiratory depression.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Nov 29;43(6):686-693. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    a Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences , University at Buffalo, State University of New York , Buffalo , NY , USA.
    Background: γ-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has a high potential for illicit use; overdose of this compound results in sedation, respiratory depression and death. Tolerance to the hypnotic/sedative and electroencephalogram effects of GHB occurs with chronic GHB administration; however, tolerance to respiratory depression has not been evaluated. GHB toxicodynamic effects are mediated predominantly by GABAB receptors. Read More

    Categorization of psychoactive substances into "hard drugs" and "soft drugs": a critical review of terminology used in current scientific literature.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Nov 26;43(6):636-646. Epub 2017 Jun 26.
    a Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine , Comenius University in Bratislava , Bratislava , Slovakia.
    Background: Precise terminology and definitions are important components of scientific language. Although the terms "hard drugs" and "soft drugs" are used widely by professionals, neither the International Classification of Diseases nor the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual classify psychoactive substances into the categories "hard" and "soft."

    Objectives: To analyze the occurrence of the terms "hard drugs" and "soft drugs" in recent scientific literature and to establish the degree of consensus in labeling psychoactive substances as "hard" or "soft. Read More

    The association between alcohol use trajectories from adolescence to adulthood and cannabis use disorder in adulthood: a 22-year longitudinal study.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Nov 1;43(6):727-733. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    a Department of Psychiatry , New York University School of Medicine , New York , NY , USA.
    Background: Due to the increasing prevalence of cannabis use disorder (CUD), the impact of cannabis use on public health may be significant.

    Objective: The present study seeks the possible precursors (e.g. Read More

    Hope, coping skills, and the prefrontal cortex in alcohol use disorder recovery.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Sep 1;43(5):591-601. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    a Addictive Disorders and Recovery Studies Program, Department of Community, Family, & Addiction Sciences , Texas Tech University , Lubbock , TX , USA .
    Background: Alcohol use disorders adversely affect individual and societal health. These disorders are a chronic brain disease, and protective factors against relapse should be studied. Prefrontal cortex (PFC) dysfunction is evident in alcohol use disorders, and research that explores recovery of the PFC in alcohol use disorders is needed, specifically in regard to how psychological and behavioral factors can augment medicalized treatments and protect against relapse. Read More

    Ketamine and international regulations.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Sep 13;43(5):495-504. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
    a Mental Health Institute of the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, The China National Clinical Research Center for Mental Health Disorders, National Technology Institute of Psychiatry, Key Laboratory of Psychiatry and Mental Health of Hunan Province , Changsha , Hunan , China.
    Background: Ketamine is an anesthetic commonly used in low-income countries and has recently been shown to be effective for treatment-resistant depression. However, the illicit manufacturing, trafficking, and nonmedical use of ketamine are increasing globally, and its illicit use poses major public health challenges in many countries.

    Objectives: To review the nonmedical use of ketamine in selected countries and its regulatory control. Read More

    Effect of drug-related cues on response inhibition through abstinence: A pilot study in male heroin abstainers.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Nov 17;43(6):664-670. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    a School of Psychology , Northwest Normal University , Lanzhou , PR China.
    Background: Chronic heroin use can cause a deficit of inhibitory function, leading to a loss of control over drug use. Exposure to drug-related cues is considered as one of the contributing factors. However, it is unclear whether there are dynamic changes on the effect of drug-related cues on response inhibition following prolonged abstinence. Read More

    Avatar-assisted therapy: a proof-of-concept pilot study of a novel technology-based intervention to treat substance use disorders.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Sep 17;43(5):518-524. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    a Friends Research Institute , Baltimore , MD , USA.
    Background: Avatar-assisted therapy (AAT) is a novel and emerging technology that uses the Internet to enable clinicians and clients in substance abuse treatment to participate in group counseling sessions from separate and remote locations in real time through the use of avatars and virtual environments.

    Objectives: The current study is a pilot proof-of-concept feasibility study involving individuals in outpatient substance abuse treatment. This report addresses two questions: (1) are individuals who present for substance abuse treatment interested in receiving AAT and (2) what factors are associated with better treatment success. Read More

    Trajectories of remission and mortality over 13 years after intake to substance use treatment.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Sep 16;43(5):583-590. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    a Division of Research , Kaiser Permanente Northern California , Oakland , CA , USA.
    Background: Little is known about the relationships between long-term patterns of substance use and mortality risk among substance use disorder (SUD) patients.

    Objective: To determine distinct patterns of remission and relapse of SUD over time and examine their relationship with mortality.

    Methods: The study site was Kaiser Permanente of Northern California. Read More

    Primary psychopathy and alcohol pathology in college students: The role of protective behavioral strategies.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Nov 13;43(6):719-726. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
    a Department of Psychology , The University of Central Florida , Orlando , FL , USA.
    Overview: Though not an official diagnosis, psychopathy has become an important area of research due to the litany of deleterious outcomes associated with this aspect of temperament. Psychopathy is composed of primary and secondary traits. Research consistently links psychopathy to alcohol pathology, though often only via secondary traits which are comprised of intractable aspects of behavior (e. Read More

    Association between alcohol consumption trajectories and clinical profiles among women and men living with HIV.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jun 16:1-10. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    a Department of Epidemiology , Colleges of Public Health and Health Professions and Medicine, University of Florida , Gainesville , FL , USA.
    Background: Alcohol use is common among persons living with HIV (PLWH). It is unclear how alcohol consumption changes over time and if these changes are associated with clinical profiles.

    Objective: We aimed to describe the association between longitudinal patterns of alcohol consumption and the clinical profiles of PLWH. Read More

    The association of cannabis use on inpatient psychiatric hospital outcomes.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jun 14:1-12. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    a University of Colorado School of Medicine , Department of Psychiatry, Denver Health Medical Center , Denver , CO , USA.
    Background: The associations between cannabis use and psychosis are well documented in numerous studies. There is a need to evaluate the impact of cannabis use on inpatient psychiatric utilization and outcomes.

    Objectives: To evaluate the impact of cannabis use on psychiatric hospital outcomes. Read More

    Estimated blood alcohol concentrations achieved by consuming supersized alcopops.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jun 12:1-4. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    b Department of Health Behavior and Health Systems , School of Public Health, University of North Texas Health Science Center , Fort Worth , TX , USA.
    Background: Producers of supersized alcopops have ignored requests from a number of state attorneys general to reduce the alcohol concentration in these products. To the contrary, new flavor options have since been released that contain even greater alcohol content so that some alcopop products now contain 5.5 standard alcoholic drinks in a single-serving can. Read More

    Impulsivity and cue reactivity in smokers with comorbid depression and anxiety: Possible implications for smoking cessation treatment strategies.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Jul 1;43(4):432-441. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    a Institute for Drug and Alcohol Studies, Department of Psychiatry , Virginia Commonwealth University , Richmond , VA , USA.
    Smoking remains one of the most preventable causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States (1). A number of factors contribute to the initiation and maintenance of smoking behavior, including psychosocial influences (2,3), neurobehavioral traits (4), and genetic susceptibility (5-7). Prevalence rates of tobacco dependence among individuals with mental health issues are strikingly high when compared to the general population, particularly among individuals with depression and anxiety disorders (8). Read More

    The daily progress system: A proof of concept pilot study of a recovery support technology tool for outpatient substance abuse treatment.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 May 30:1-8. Epub 2017 May 30.
    a Friends Research Institute , Baltimore , MD , USA.
    Background: Illicit substance use remains highly prevalent in the US, and epidemiological surveillance surveys estimate that in 2015, over 27 million individuals (10.1% of the US population) 12 years of age or older used illicit drugs in the past 30 days.(1) Outpatient treatment delivered in community-based settings is the dominant modality for addiction treatment, typically involving weekly psychosocial counseling sessions in an individual and/or group format. Read More

    Importance of short-term continuing care plan adherence on long-term outcomes among patients discharged from residential substance use treatment.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Nov 30;43(6):734-741. Epub 2017 May 30.
    b AiR Healthcare Solutions , St. Paul , MN , USA.
    Background: Patients adherent to their recommended treatment regimen demonstrate favorable outcomes. However, it is unclear whether there are specific short-term continuing care performance variables indicative of better long-term prognosis.

    Objective: This study determined the impact of attendance at an outpatient appointment within 7 days post-discharge from residential treatment on 12-month outcomes. Read More

    Treatment of opioid use disorder with ibogaine: detoxification and drug use outcomes.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 May 25:1-13. Epub 2017 May 25.
    b Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology , New York University School of Medicine , New York , NY , USA.
    Background: Ibogaine is a monoterpene indole alkaloid used in medical and nonmedical settings for the treatment of opioid use disorder. Its mechanism of action is apparently novel. There are no published prospective studies of drug use outcomes with ibogaine. Read More

    Deficits in go/no-go task performance in male undergraduate high-risk alcohol users are driven by speeded responding to go stimuli.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 Nov 17;43(6):656-663. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    b Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour , Centre for Cognition, Radboud University , Nijmegen , The Netherlands.
    Background: Response disinhibition plays an important role in addictive behaviors. However, results of studies on the performance on response inhibition tasks of individuals evidencing potentially problematic levels of alcohol drinking are mixed.

    Objectives: We assessed conditions under which persons with a relatively high risk of alcohol dependence show inhibition deficits in such tasks and investigated the nature of those deficits. Read More

    Effects of regular cannabis use on neurocognition, brain structure, and function: a systematic review of findings in adults.
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2017 May 12:1-15. Epub 2017 May 12.
    a Departmento de Medicina Preventiva, Universidade Federal de São Paulo , São Paulo , Brazil.
    Background: Cannabis is the most used illicit drug worldwide. The long-standing consequences for the central nervous system associated with frequent cannabis use have not been well delineated and should be determined.

    Objective: To review recent studies on the effects of regular cannabis use regarding its effects on cognition, brain structure, and function in adults. Read More

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