6 results match your criteria American Journal Of The Medical Sciences[Journal]

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Social Determinants of Health Associated with the Use of Screenings for Hypertension, Hypercholesterolemia, and Hyperglycemia among American Adults.

Med Sci (Basel) 2021 Mar 23;9(1). Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.

National and international health guidelines have recommended measurements of blood pressure, blood cholesterol, and blood glucose as the first step in detecting hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and hyperglycemia, respectively. These chronic conditions are modifiable risk factors for chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Social determinants of health (SDoHs) have contributed to persistent chronic condition disparities in the United States. Read More

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Comparison of Train of Four Measurements with Kinemyography NMT DATEX and Accelerography TOFscan.

Med Sci (Basel) 2021 Mar 29;9(2). Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Institut Gustave Roussy Rue Camille Desmoulins, CEDEX, 94080 Villejuif, France.

Introduction: This study was designed to compare the Datex neuromuscular transmission (NMT) kinemyography (NMTK) device with the TOFscan (TS) accelerometer during the onset and recovery of neuromuscular blockade.

Patients And Methods: This prospective study included adult patients who were scheduled to undergo elective surgery with general anesthesia and orotracheal intubation. The TS accelerometer was randomly placed at the adductor pollicis on one hand, and the NMTK was placed on the opposite arm. Read More

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Antimicrobial Susceptibilities and Laboratory Profiles of , , and Isolates as Agents of Urinary Tract Infection in Lebanon: Paving the Way for Better Diagnostics.

Med Sci (Basel) 2020 Aug 13;8(3). Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Rammal Hassan Rammal Research Laboratory, Physio-toxicity (PhyTox) Research Group, Faculty of Sciences (V), Lebanese University, Nabatieh 6573/14, Lebanon.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are major healthcare problems that are usually treated empirically. However, antimicrobial resistance has been increasing across many settings. This study aims to elucidate the antibiotic resistance profiles of three common uropathogens, (), (), and () and compare between extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and non-ESBL strains among Lebanese patients. Read More

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Radiologists' Knowledge and Attitudes towards CT Radiation Dose and Exposure in Saudi Arabia-A Survey Study.

Med Sci (Basel) 2020 Jul 20;8(3). Epub 2020 Jul 20.

Department of Medical Imaging Sciences, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut 11-0236, Lebanon.

Computed tomography (CT) is a key imaging technique in diagnostic radiology, providing highly sensitive and specific information. While its use has increased dramatically in recent years, the quantity and associated risks of radiation from CT scans present major challenges, particularly in paediatrics. The fundamental principles of radiation protection require that radiation quantities be as low as reasonably achievable and CT use must be justified, particularly for paediatric patients. Read More

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The Importance of Inhaler Adherence to Prevent COPD Exacerbations.

Med Sci (Basel) 2019 Apr 1;7(4). Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Respiratory Division, Escola Paulista de Medicina/Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM/Unifesp), São Paulo 04023-062, Brazil.

It has been shown that the better outcomes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are closely associated with adherence to drug therapy, independent of the treatment administered. The clinical trial Towards a Revolution in COPD Health (TORCH) study clearly showed in a three year follow up that patients with good adherence to their inhaler treatment presented a longer time before the first exacerbation, a lower susceptibility to exacerbation and lower all-cause mortality. The Latin American Study of 24-hour Symptoms in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (LASSYC), a real-life study, evaluated the self-reported inhaler adherence in COPD patients in seven countries in a cross-sectional non-interventional study and found that approximately 50% of the patients had good adherence, 30% moderate adherence and 20% poor adherence. Read More

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Novel Somatic Copy Number Alteration Identified for Cervical Cancer in the Mexican American Population.

Med Sci (Basel) 2016 Aug 3;4(3). Epub 2016 Aug 3.

Department of Pediatrics, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC), El Paso 79905, TX, USA.

Cervical cancer affects millions of Americans, but the rate for cervical cancer in the Mexican American is approximately twice that for non-Mexican Americans. The etiologies of cervical cancer are still not fully understood. A number of somatic mutations, including several copy number alterations (CNAs), have been identified in the pathogenesis of cervical carcinomas in non-Mexican Americans. Read More

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