826 results match your criteria American Journal Of Speech-language Pathology[Journal]


Evaluation of an Explicit Instructional Approach to Teach Grammatical Forms to Children With Low-Symptom Severity Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2019 Apr 17:1-14. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

Purpose Weaknesses in the use of grammatical forms may reduce the functional use of language for verbally expressive children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and exacerbate difficulties with academic and social skill development. This early efficacy study evaluated a combined explicit-implicit instructional approach to teach novel grammatical forms to children with ASD. Method Seventeen children with ASD between the ages of 4 and 10 years who demonstrated weaknesses in expressive grammatical language completed 2 tasks, each targeting a different novel grammatical form. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-18-0016DOI Listing

Narratives About Autism: An Analysis of YouTube Videos by Individuals Who Self-Identify as Autistic.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2019 Apr 17:1-22. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Speech and Hearing Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Purpose The goal of this study was to expand the field's understanding of autism through the analysis of 1st-person perspectives from autistic video webloggers (vloggers). Method This study analyzed the representation of autism in 39 YouTube videos authored by self-identified autistic individuals and published between 2007 and 2015. Consistent with the cross-disciplinary tradition of narrative inquiry, thematic analyses of the video transcripts were conducted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-18-0045DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Progression of Aphasia Severity in the Chronic Stages of Stroke.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2019 Apr 8:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Background and Purpose The severity of aphasic impairment in chronic stroke survivors is typically thought to be stable by 6 months postonset. However, a recent study showed that stroke survivors with aphasia experience language improvement or decline in the chronic phase, years beyond onset. Little is known about why some individuals improve whereas others remain stable or decline. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-18-0123DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Development of a Self-Efficacy Measurement Tool For Counseling in Speech-Language Pathology.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Dec 10:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Special Education and Professional Counseling, William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ.

Purpose: This study aimed to develop and administer an adapted survey tool to measure counseling skills in graduate students and early-career speech-language pathologists, focusing on the concept of counselor self-efficacy.

Method: An online survey, adapted from the Counselor Activity Self-Efficacy Scales (Lent, Hill, & Hoffman, 2003), was administered. Two hundred ninety-four surveys were completed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-18-0012DOI Listing
December 2018
23 Reads

Application of the Communication Complexity Scale in Peer and Adult Assessment Contexts for Preschoolers With Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Dec 6:1-14. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Schiefelbusch Institute for Life Span Studies, The University of Kansas, Lawrence.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure changes in communication of preschoolers with autism using the Communication Complexity Scale (CCS; Brady et al., 2012) and to examine the utility of the CCS in measuring pretreatment and posttreatment changes within peer and adult assessment contexts.

Method: The CCS was used to code preassessment and postassessment for 23 children with autism randomly assigned to a treatment that incorporated a peer-mediated approach and a speech-generating device and 22 assigned to a business-as-usual condition with untrained peers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-18-0054DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The Role of Effortful Control in Stuttering Severity in Children: Replication Study.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Dec 5:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Social Work and Speech Pathology, School of Occupational Therapy, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.

Background: In 2014, Kraft et al. assessed the temperament, home environment, and significant life events of 69 North American children who stutter to examine the combined and compounded effects of these individualized factors on mediating overt stuttering severity. The temperament domain of effortful control was singularly found to be significantly predictive of stuttering severity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0097DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Safety and Tolerability of Pharyngeal High-Resolution Manometry.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Dec 4:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Purpose: Pharyngeal high-resolution manometry is an emerging practice for diagnosis of swallowing disorders in the upper aerodigestive tract. Advancement of a catheter through the upper esophageal sphincter may introduce safety considerations. There are no published studies of catheter placement complications, side effects, or tolerability. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-18-0039DOI Listing
December 2018
30 Reads

The Effects of Speech Compression Algorithms on the Intelligibility of Two Individuals With Dysarthric Speech.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Dec 3:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Speech and Hearing Science, Arizona State University, Tempe.

Purpose: Telemedicine, used to offset disparities in access to speech-language therapy, relies on technology that utilizes compression algorithms to transmit signals efficiently. These algorithms have been thoroughly evaluated on healthy speech; however, the effects of compression algorithms on the intelligibility of disordered speech have not been adequately explored.

Method: This case study assessed acoustic and perceptual effects of resampling and speech compression (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-18-0081DOI Listing
December 2018

Estimates of the Prevalence of Speech and Motor Speech Disorders in Youth With 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Dec 4:1-30. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities Research Center, Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Purpose: Speech sound disorders and velopharyngeal dysfunction are frequent features of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q). We report the first estimate of the prevalence of motor speech disorders (MSDs) in youth with 22q. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-18-0037DOI Listing
December 2018
34 Reads

Clinical Progression in Four Cases of Primary Progressive Apraxia of Speech.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1303-1318

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Purpose: This case series details the clinical progression of patients with primary progressive apraxia of speech (PPAOS) to illustrate, using several methods and supplemental material examples, the changes that occur in speech and language functioning in this patient population.

Method: Four patients who presented with PPAOS were followed between 5 and 6 years. Two patients had predominant articulatory abnormalities (termed phonetic PPAOS), 1 had predominant prosodic abnormalities (prosodic PPAOS), and 1 had relatively equal articulatory and prosodic abnormalities (mixed PPAOS). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0227DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436456PMC
November 2018
1 Read

An Integrative Analysis of Spontaneous Storytelling Discourse in Aphasia: Relationship With Listeners' Rating and Prediction of Severity and Fluency Status of Aphasia.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1491-1505

Department of Special Education and Counselling, The Education University of Hong Kong.

Purpose: This study investigated which of the three analytic approaches of oral discourse, including linguistically based measures, proposition-based measures, and story grammar, best correlated with aphasia severity and with naïve listeners' ratings on aphasic productions. The predictive power of these analytic approaches to aphasia severity and fluency status of people with aphasia (PWA) was examined. Finally, which approach best discriminated fluent versus nonfluent PWA was determined. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-18-0015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436460PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

Current Practice of Child Grammar Intervention: A Survey of Speech-Language Pathologists.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1329-1351

University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, Minneapolis.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to better understand current grammatical intervention approaches. Despite grammatical language being a common weakness among children with language impairment, relatively little is known about current grammatical intervention practices of speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Such information is needed to guide the development and evaluation of grammatical interventions and to identify areas in which the current practice is not empirically supported. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0168DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Writing Changes and Perceptions After Traumatic Brain Injury: "Oh, by the way, I can't write".

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1523-1538

Department of Special Education and Communication Disorders, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Purpose: Language and cognitive disruptions following traumatic brain injury (TBI) can negatively affect written expression and may result in increased difficulty achieving academic, vocational, social, and personal goals; however, scarce literature exists about TBI's effect on writing abilities. The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the experiences and perceptions of people with TBI regarding their engagement in writing activities.

Method: A transcendental phenomenological design structured the research. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-18-0025DOI Listing
November 2018
20 Reads

Short-Term Intensive Therapy and Outcomes for Athletes With Paradoxical Vocal Fold Motion Disorder.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov 15:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Fischell Department of Bioengineering, University of Maryland, College Park.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to develop a treatment for athletes with paradoxical vocal fold motion disorder (PVFMD) based on exercise physiology and learning theory principles and administer it over a preestablished time frame.

Method: A prospective, repeated-measures, within-subject group design was used. Eleven adolescent/teen athletes diagnosed with PVFMD via laryngoscopy received short-term intensive (STI) therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0223DOI Listing
November 2018
24 Reads

The Intensive Cognitive-Communication Rehabilitation Program for Young Adults With Acquired Brain Injury.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov 16:1-18. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Aphasia Research Laboratory, Speech and Hearing Sciences, Boston University, MA.

Purpose: This study investigated the effects of an intensive cognitive-communication rehabilitation (ICCR) program for young individuals with chronic acquired brain injury.

Method: ICCR included classroom lectures; metacognitive instruction, modeling, and application; technology skills training; and individual cognitive-linguistic therapy. Four individuals participated in the intensive program (6 hr with 1-hr lunch break × 4 days × 12 weeks of treatment): 3 participants completed 3 consecutive semesters, and 1 participant completed 1 semester. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0153DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Enriching Communicative Environments: Leveraging Advances in Neuroplasticity for Improving Outcomes in Neurogenic Communication Disorders.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov 16:1-14. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at Austin.

Purpose: Research manipulating the complexity of housing environments for healthy and brain-damaged animals has offered strong, well-replicated evidence for the positive impacts in animal models of enriched environments on neuroplasticity and behavioral outcomes across the lifespan. This article reviews foundational work on environmental enrichment from the animal literature and considers how it relates to a line of research examining rich communicative environments among adults with aphasia, amnesia, and related cognitive-communication disorders.

Method: Drawing on the authors' own research and the broader literature, this article first presents a critical review of environmental complexity from the animal literature. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0157DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437703PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Speech Impairment in Boys With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1405-1425

Centre for Language and Cognition & University Medical Centre, University of Groningen, the Netherlands.

Background: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are a highly prevalent spectrum of patterns of congenital defects resulting from prenatal exposure to alcohol. Approximately 90% of the cases involve speech impairment. Yet, to date, no detailed symptom profiles nor dedicated treatment plans are available for this population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0013DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

The Accuracy of Smartphone Sound Level Meter Applications With and Without Calibration.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1319-1328

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the accuracy of smartphone sound level meter applications (SLMAs) with calibration features across stimulus levels and for ambient room noise measures in the clinical setting.

Method: The accuracy of 3 iOS-based smartphone SLMAs (SLMA1: Analyzer [Version 2.7. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0171DOI Listing
November 2018
28 Reads

How Gender Stereotypes May Limit Female Faculty Advancement in Communication Sciences and Disorders.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1598-1611

Division of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Purpose: The field of communication sciences and disorders (CSD) faces a critical shortage of the faculty essential to train the future workforce of speech-language pathologists and audiologists. Despite a predominance of women in the field, men receive doctoral degrees, tenure status, academic leadership positions, and American Speech-Language-Hearing Association awards at disproportionately higher rates than women. The purpose of this review is to explore how implicit gender bias may contribute to female faculty advancement, including current and projected faculty workforce shortages, and to propose tangible solutions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0140DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436457PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Rates of Typical Disfluency in the Conversational Speech of 30-Month-Old Spanish-English Simultaneous Bilinguals.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1287-1298

Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, DC.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the typical disfluency rates at 30 months old in a large group of simultaneous bilingual children and also investigate the relationships between disfluency rates and linguistic complexity (mean length of utterance in words [MLU-W]), vocabulary diversity (VocD), and speaking rate (utterances per unit time).

Method: Fifty-three typically developing children who had been exposed to Spanish and English from birth participated in this descriptive study. The average percent input at home was 46% in English and 54% in Spanish. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0200DOI Listing
October 2018

We Have a Voice: Exploring Participants' Experiences of Stuttering Modification Therapy.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1273-1286

Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, United Kingdom.

Purpose: Qualitative data were obtained from 8 people who stutter about their experiences and changes they perceived following attendance of an intensive group therapy intervention. Measures that related to reductions in stuttering, improved communicative confidence, and impacts on stuttering and quality of life were used to complement the qualitative data.

Method: Eight participants attended a group stuttering modification course for adults who stutter. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0198DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Challenges and Strategies for Speech-Language Pathologists Using the Lidcombe Program for Early Stuttering.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1259-1272

Australian Stuttering Research Centre, University of Technology, Sydney.

Purpose: The Lidcombe program is a treatment for preschool-age children who stutter. Studies indicate that its implementation is not always straightforward. In this study, challenges that parents and speech-language pathologists (SLPs) encounter when implementing the Lidcombe program were identified, and strategies to address them were sought. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0185DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

The Impact of Stuttering on Development of Self-Identity, Relationships, and Quality of Life in Women Who Stutter.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1244-1258

Disability Services Commission, Perth, Australia.

Purpose: The experiences of women who stutter have been underresearched. Clinicians have little guidance from the research literature on issues specific to women who stutter and are likely to have less clinical contact with this group than with men who stutter because of the higher prevalence of stuttering in men. This study explored the experiences of a small group of women who stutter with a particular focus on what the main current issues are and how gender may have influenced experiences with stuttering. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0201DOI Listing
October 2018

Covert Stuttering: Investigation of the Paradigm Shift From Covertly Stuttering to Overtly Stuttering.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1235-1243

Sacred Heart University, Fairfield, CT.

Purpose: Covert stuttering is a type of stuttering experience that occurs when a person who stutters conceals his or her stutter from others, attempting to be perceived as a nonstuttering individual. A person who covertly stutters experiences the cognitive and emotional elements of stuttering with minimum overt behavioral symptoms. Individuals who covertly stutter are able to provide insight into their experiences in attempting to be perceived as nonstuttering individuals. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0190DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

Behavior Assessment Battery: Normative and Psychometric Investigation Among Polish Adults Who Do and Do Not Stutter.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1224-1234

Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to establish normative data for Polish persons who stutter (PWS) and persons who do not stutter (PWNS) with the adapted version of the Behavior Assessment Battery (BAB; Vanryckeghem & Brutten, 2018) for adults and to investigate whether or not gender and age influenced the results. In addition, the BAB subtests' reliability and validity were examined.

Method: A Polish version of the BAB test procedures, including the Speech Situation Checklist-Emotional Reaction, Speech Situation Checklist-Speech Disruption, Behavior Checklist, and Communication Attitude Test for Adults Who Stutter (Vanryckeghem & Brutten, 2018), were individually administered to 123 adults who stutter and 151 adults who do not stutter between the ages of 17 and 70. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0187DOI Listing
October 2018

Palin Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: The Bigger Picture.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1211-1223

The Michael Palin Centre for Stammering, London, United Kingdom.

Purpose: Palin Parent-Child Interaction therapy (Kelman & Nicholas, 2008) is an evidence-based intervention for young children who stutter. The evidence consists of multiple single-subject replicated studies, and this demonstrates that the intervention is effective. The aim of this study was to enhance the evidence base by exploring the effectiveness of the therapy with a large cohort of children who stutter. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0199DOI Listing
October 2018
16 Reads

Improving Polish Stuttering Attitudes: An Experimental Study of Teachers and University Students.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1195-1210

Department of Philology, University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Purpose: This quasi-experimental design study in Poland evaluated the effects of a course on stuttering for university students and the effects of an educational workshop for public school teachers, both interventions designed to improve attitudes toward stuttering.

Method: Participants (132 in-service teachers and 75 university students) completed the Polish version of the Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes-Stuttering (St. Louis, 2011) twice, before and after 2 interventions for experimental groups and 3 months apart for control groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0179DOI Listing
October 2018

A Phenomenological Analysis of the Experience of Stuttering.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1180-1194

Michigan State University, East Lansing.

Purpose: Stuttering behaviors and moments of stuttering are typically defined by what a listener perceives. This study evaluated participants' perceptions of their own experience of moments of stuttering.

Method: Thirteen adults who stutter participated in a phenomenological qualitative study examining their experience of moments of stuttering. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0192DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

The Role of Narratives in the Development of Stuttering as a Problem.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1164-1179

Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.

Purpose: Narratives are how people make sense of experiences and give meaning to their lives (Bruner, 1990). Use of narrative therapy (White, 2007) with people who stutter to facilitate the development of preferred stories (as opposed to problem-based stories) has been documented in the literature (Logan, 2013; Ryan, O'Dwyer, & Leahy, 2015). The purpose of this research was to explore the role of narratives in the development of stuttering as a problem for people who stutter. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0207DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

The Most Important Therapy Outcomes for School-Aged Children Who Stutter: An Exploratory Study.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1152-1163

City University London, United Kingdom.

Purpose: The aim of this article was to identify what school-aged children who stutter consider to be the most important outcomes from therapy.

Method: A Delphi approach was employed for the study. Eighteen participants aged 9-13 years completed a survey, generating 90 statements that would constitute successful therapy outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0195DOI Listing
October 2018
19 Reads

The Role of Attention in Therapy for Children and Adolescents Who Stutter: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Interventions.

Authors:
Jane Harley

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1139-1151

The Michael Palin Centre for Stammering, London, United Kingdom.

Purpose:

Method: This clinical discussion paper will explore two aspects of attention in relation to young people who stutter and their parents: (a) what we attend to as human beings and (b) how we attend. It will draw on research and clinical practice informed by CBT and MBIs. Specifically, information-processing theory in CBT explains psychological well-being partly in terms of what individuals focus their attention on, whereas MBIs focus on the relationship between how individuals attend to their internal experiences and their psychological well-being. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0196DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Methods in Stuttering Therapy for Desensitizing Parents of Children Who Stutter.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1124-1138

The Michael Palin Centre for Stammering, London, United Kingdom.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe a range of methods used in stuttering therapy for desensitizing parents of children who stutter (CWS).

Method: This clinical tutorial will first briefly explore the rationale and benefit of including parents of CWS of all ages in the therapy process. The construct of desensitization will be defined, and a description will be given of how traditionally it has been incorporated into therapy with adults who stutter and CWS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0183DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Nurturing a Resilient Mindset in School-Aged Children Who Stutter.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1111-1123

The Michael Palin Centre for Stammering, London, United Kingdom.

Purpose: To consider the rationale, methods, and potential benefits of nurturing the growth of resilience in school-aged children who stutter. Stuttering in childhood can have negative psychological consequences for some, including the development of a negative attitude toward their speech from a young age (Vanryckeghem, Brutten, & Hernandez, 2005) and possible co-occurring psychopathology in adolescence and adulthood, in particular, anxiety disorders (Blood, Blood, Maloney, Meyer, & Qualls, 2007; Iverach & Rapee, 2014; McAllister, Kelman, & Millard, 2015). Children who stutter also frequently report teasing and bullying by their peers (Blood & Blood, 2007; Boyle, 2011; Langevin, Packman, & Onslow, 2009), which can have a significant impact on children's confidence and psychological well-being. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0189DOI Listing
October 2018

Introduction to the Special Issue: The 11th Oxford Dysfluency Conference.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Oct;27(3S):1109-1110

Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, DC.

Purpose: The purpose of this introduction is to provide an overview of the articles in this special issue of AJSLP. These articles originated from the presentations at the 11th Oxford Dysfluency Conference in September 2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-18-0239DOI Listing
October 2018

Phonological Development in a Bilingual Arabic-English-Speaking Child With Bilateral Cochlear Implants: A Longitudinal Case Study.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1506-1522

University of Arizona, Tucson.

Purpose: This longitudinal study examined the phonological development of a bilingual Arabic-English-speaking child with bilateral cochlear implants (CIs). The focus of the study was to observe the interaction between her two languages and to observe the effect of CIs on the acquisition of two speech sound systems.

Method: This study followed a 3;6-year-old (2;5 hearing age) bilingual Arabic-English-speaking child with bilateral CIs to age 4;4 (3;2 hearing age). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0162DOI Listing
November 2018

Changing Nonstuttering Preschool Children's Stuttering Attitudes.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1445-1457

West Virginia University, Morgantown.

Purpose: Negative or uninformed stuttering attitudes proliferate among the general public, and bourgeoning research has shown that such attitudes might emerge as early as the preschool years. Much remains unknown about young children's stuttering attitudes, and conclusive recommendations to improve attitudes toward stuttering have yet to be advanced. This study sought to determine the effect of a new educational program on improving stuttering attitudes among preschool children using objective measures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-18-0019DOI Listing
November 2018

Concatenation of the Moving Window Technique for Auditory-Perceptual Analysis of Voice Quality.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1426-1433

School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop a program to concatenate acoustic vowel segments that were selected with the moving window technique, a previously developed technique used to segment and select the least perturbed segment from a sustained vowel segment. The concatenated acoustic segments were compared with the nonconcatenated, short, individual acoustic segments for their ability to differentiate normal and pathological voices. The concatenation process sometimes created a clicking noise or beat, which was also analyzed to determine any confounding effects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0103DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436458PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Sense of Effort and Fatigue Associated With Talking After Total Laryngectomy.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1434-1444

University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City.

Purpose: Sense of effort and fatigue associated with talking was compared in individuals with and without a total laryngectomy.

Method: An online survey of individuals using tracheoesophageal speech (TES; n = 222), electrolaryngeal speech (ELS; n = 132), esophageal speech (n = 41), and laryngeal speech (LS; n = 112) asked about 3 domains of effort when talking: frequency of occurrence, withdrawal from talking, and location in the body. Three aspects of fatigue were explored: frequency of occurrence, fatigue type, and duration of talking before fatigue. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0218DOI Listing
November 2018

Modifying Food Textures: Practices and Beliefs of Staff Involved in Nutrition Care.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1458-1473

Communication Sciences & Disorders, School of Family Studies & Human Services, Kansas State University, Manhattan.

Purpose: Modifying food texture is an important part of dysphagia management, yet less is known about the day-to-day practices that might impact the nutritional well-being of patients. This study surveyed staff involved in the service delivery of texture-modified foods with the objectives to gain information about roles and responsibilities, instruction and knowledge about modifying foods, and beliefs about the use of texture-modified foods in nutrition care.

Method: We created a 21-item survey about texture-modified foods. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-18-0021DOI Listing
November 2018
18 Reads

Stealing Cookies in the Twenty-First Century: Measures of Spoken Narrative in Healthy Versus Speakers With Aphasia.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Sep 11:1-9. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

Purpose: Our goal was to evaluate an updated version of the "Cookie Theft" picture by obtaining norms based on picture descriptions by healthy controls for total content units (CUs), syllables per CU, and the ratio of left-right CUs. In addition, we aimed to compare these measures from healthy controls to picture descriptions obtained from individuals with poststroke aphasia and primary progressive aphasia (PPA) to assess whether these measures can capture impairments in content and efficiency of communication.

Method: Using an updated version of this picture, we analyzed descriptions from 50 healthy controls to develop norms for numbers of syllables, total CUs, syllables per CU, and left-right CU. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0131DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437702PMC
September 2018
11 Reads

Read, Understand, Learn, & Excel (RULE): Development and Feasibility of a Reading Comprehension Measure for Postsecondary Learners.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1363-1374

University of Oregon, Eugene.

Purpose: There is a lack of quick, reliable, and valid standardized reading comprehension assessments appropriate for postsecondary readers. We attempted to address this gap by designing Read, Understand, Learn, & Excel (RULE), a reading comprehension measure that employs sentence verification and recall tasks to assess reading comprehension. This article describes the exploratory study undertaken to construct RULE and then examines the preliminary concurrent validity and alternate form reliability of this measure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0221DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Communicative Accessibility in Aphasia: An Investigation of the Interactional Context of Long-Term Care Facilities.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1474-1490

Department of Communicative Disorders, University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the ability of persons with aphasia to access interaction and be included in social encounters in long-term care facilities (LTCFs).

Method: Four persons with aphasia were the focus of this investigation. A qualitative research approach using ethnographic methods was used to conduct participant observation, semistructured interviews, and artifact analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0099DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Acquired Velopharyngeal Dysfunction: Survey, Literature Review, and Clinical Recommendations.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1572-1597

Department of Communication Disorders, Auburn University, AL.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical assessment recommendations for acquired velopharyngeal dysfunction (AVPD) and, through a literature review and online survey, summarize current practice patterns for evaluation and treatment pathway determination for this target population.

Method: An online survey to query current assessment procedures and treatment pathway recommendations for AVPD was developed. Following survey results, a literature review was completed to determine evidence-based recommendations for assessment procedures and intervention recommendations based on assessment findings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0222DOI Listing
November 2018

Acquisition and Generalization Responses in Aphasia Naming Treatment: A Meta-Analysis of Semantic Feature Analysis Outcomes.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Sep 12:1-17. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Department of Communication Science and Disorders, University of Pittsburgh, PA.

Purpose: This meta-analysis synthesizes results from published studies that used semantic feature analysis (SFA) treatment to improve naming for people with aphasia. It examines how both person- and treatment-related variables affected the likelihood of correct naming responses in individual probe sessions for both acquisition (treated) and generalization (untreated) stimuli.

Method: The meta-analysis compiled data from 12 studies analyzing a total of 35 participants with aphasia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0155DOI Listing
September 2018
45 Reads

Speed-Accuracy Trade-Offs and Adaptation Deficits in Aphasia: Finding the "Sweet Spot" Between Overly Cautious and Incautious Responding.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Sep 12:1-19. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Purpose: After stroke, how well do people with aphasia (PWA) adapt to the altered functioning of their language system? When completing a language-dependent task, how well do PWA balance speed and accuracy when the goal is to respond both as quickly and accurately as possible? The current work investigates adaptation theory (Kolk & Heeschen, 1990) in the context of speed-accuracy trade-offs in a lexical decision task. PWA were predicted to set less beneficial speed-accuracy trade-offs than matched controls, and at least some PWA were predicted to present with adaptation deficits, with impaired accuracy or response times attributable to speed-accuracy trade-offs.

Method: The study used the diffusion model (Ratcliff, 1978), a computational model of response time for simple 2-choice tasks. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437701PMC
September 2018
18 Reads

Continuous Vocal Fry Simulated in Laboratory Subjects: A Preliminary Report on Voice Production and Listener Ratings.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1539-1545

Department of Speech, Language, & Hearing Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.

Purpose: Vocal fry is prevalent in everyday speech. However, whether the use of vocal fry is detrimental to voice production is unclear. This preliminary study assessed the effects of using continuous vocal fry on voice production measures and listener ratings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0212DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436459PMC
November 2018
13 Reads

Children's Consonant Acquisition in 27 Languages: A Cross-Linguistic Review.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1546-1571

Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to provide a cross-linguistic review of acquisition of consonant phonemes to inform speech-language pathologists' expectations of children's developmental capacity by (a) identifying characteristics of studies of consonant acquisition, (b) describing general principles of consonant acquisition, and (c) providing case studies for English, Japanese, Korean, and Spanish.

Method: A cross-linguistic review was undertaken of 60 articles describing 64 studies of consonant acquisition by 26,007 children from 31 countries in 27 languages: Afrikaans, Arabic, Cantonese, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Greek, Haitian Creole, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Jamaican Creole, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Maltese, Mandarin (Putonghua), Portuguese, Setswana (Tswana), Slovenian, Spanish, Swahili, Turkish, and Xhosa.

Results: Most studies were cross-sectional and examined single word production. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0100DOI Listing
November 2018
23 Reads

A Case Study Using a Multimodal Approach to Melodic Intonation Therapy.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1352-1362

Health Sciences Center, School of Health Technology and Management, Stony Brook University, NY.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy. of increasing spontaneous expressive language using a modified melodic intonation therapy (MIT) approach with a male participant diagnosed with acquired aphasia and apraxia who was 10 years post onset.

Method: A therapeutic protocol consisting of vocal and linguistic tasks was administered. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0030DOI Listing
November 2018
39 Reads

Patient, Parent, and Speech-Language Pathologists' Perceptions of Pediatric Voice Therapy Through Interviews.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1385-1404

Division of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Purpose: Voice therapy is heavily reliant on patient adherence for success, and patient perceptions are an important piece of understanding adherence. Patient perceptions of voice therapy have not been studied in the pediatric population. The purpose of this study was to examine patient, parent, and speech-language pathologists' experiences and perceptions of voice therapy and how they reflect barriers to and facilitators of adherence to therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0226DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Effects of Submental Surface Electrical Stimulation on Swallowing Kinematics in Healthy Adults: An Error-Based Learning Paradigm.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1375-1384

Department of Physical Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville.

Purpose: Hyoid bone and laryngeal approximation aid airway protection (laryngeal vestibule closure) while moving toward their peak superior and anterior positions during swallowing. Submental surface electrical stimulation (SES) is a therapeutic technique that targets the muscles that move the hyoid bone during swallowing. It is unknown whether submental SES only increases peak hyoid bone swallowing positions but not peak laryngeal swallowing positions, which could require faster or greater laryngeal movement to achieve adequate laryngeal vestibule closure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ajslp.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1044/2018_AJS
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0224DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436455PMC
November 2018
16 Reads