1,082 results match your criteria American Journal Of Rhinology & Allergy[Journal]


Sex bias in rhinology research.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2018 Dec 20;8(12):1469-1475. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.

Background: Analysis of general surgery literature has revealed noteworthy sex bias and underreporting. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of sex bias and underreporting in rhinology.

Methods: All articles in 2016 issues of Rhinology, the American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy (AJRA), and the International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology (IFAR) were reviewed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/alr.22179DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6279575PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

A New Chapter for the American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy.

Am J Rhinol Allergy 2018 Mar;32(2):77

Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1945892418762902DOI Listing
March 2018
2 Reads

Open Access: Is There a Predator at the Door?

Otol Neurotol 2018 Mar;39(3):271-272

Co-Editor-in-Chief, American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy Senior Editor, Journal of Laryngology and Otology Editor-in-Chief, Clinical Otolaryngology Editor-in-Chief, International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology Co-Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Neurological Surgery-Part B Editor-in-Chief, Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Editor-in-Chief, OTO-Open Co-Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Neurological Surgery-Part B Editor-in-Chief, Otology & Neurotology Editor-in-Chief, Journal for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery Editor-in-Chief, JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Editor-in-Chief, International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Voice; Editor-in-Chief, Ear, Nose and Throat Journal ORL - Head and Neck Nursing Co-Editor-in-Chief, American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy Editor-in-Chief, Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology Editor-in-Chief, The Laryngoscope Editor-in-Chief, American Journal of Otolaryngology Editor-in-Chief, Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology Senior Editor, Journal of Laryngology and Otology.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001721DOI Listing
March 2018
12 Reads

The effect of nasal surgery on snoring.

Authors:

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):664

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2009
2 Reads

Results of endoscopic maxillary mega-antrostomy in recalcitrant maxillary sinusitis.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):658-62

Division of Rhinology, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305-5739, USA.

Background: In patients with chronically diseased maxillary sinuses, poor mucociliary clearance may result from long-standing inflammation or scarring from previous surgery. This subset of patients often has persistent sinus disease despite medical therapy and adequate antrostomy. Endoscopic maxillary mega-antrostomy (EMMA) is a mucosal sparing technique that facilitates mucus clearance and sinus irrigation in terminally dysfunctional maxillary sinuses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://search.proquest.com/openview/b7a1eae166f164dfe24b49f9
Web Search
http://openurl.ingenta.com/content/xref?genre=article&is
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3248DOI Listing
March 2009
59 Reads

Comparison of laryngeal mask with endotracheal tube for anesthesia in endoscopic sinus surgery.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):653-7

Department of Otolaryngology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: The purpose of this study was to compare surgical conditions, including the amount of intraoperative bleeding as well as intraoperative blood pressure, during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) using flexible reinforced laryngeal mask airway (FRLMA) versus endotracheal tube (ETT) in maintaining controlled hypotension anesthesia induced by propofol-remifentanil total i.v. anesthesia (TIVA). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://search.proquest.com/openview/b1750107d6c7a51769ad01c9
Web Search
http://openurl.ingenta.com/content/xref?genre=article&is
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3247DOI Listing
March 2009
103 Reads

Analysis of transnasal endoscopic versus transseptal microscopic approach for excision of pituitary tumors.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):649-52

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia 23507, USA.

Background: The traditional method of pituitary tumor excision is transseptal microscopic excision; however, the transnasal transsphenoidal endoscopic approach has shown comparable results with the transseptal microscopic approach at some institutions. The objective of this study is to compare the two types of sellar and parasellar mass resection: transnasal transsphenoidal endoscopic excision versus transseptal microscopic excision.

Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed on subjects who were referred to a tertiary hospital for surgical management of sellar or parasellar masses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://search.proquest.com/openview/aa55d7c790f4c8a993eb1fca
Web Search
http://openurl.ingenta.com/content/xref?genre=article&is
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3246DOI Listing
March 2009
11 Reads

Construct validation of a low-fidelity endoscopic sinus surgery simulator.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):642-8

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Background: Before a simulator becomes widely accepted, it must be relevant, affordable, and accessible. We have developed a low-cost model emphasizing the basic skills required for endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). It is noninvasive, free from risk of infection, and an excellent low-pressure learning opportunity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3245DOI Listing
March 2009
6 Reads

Combined image guidance and intraoperative computed tomography in facilitating endoscopic orientation within and around the paranasal sinuses.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):635-41

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.

Background: The utility of image guidance (image-guided surgery [IGS]) and intraoperative computed tomography (CT) scanning as a tool for less experienced endoscopic surgeons to aid in localization of paranasal sinus and skull base anatomic structures was evaluated.

Methods: Partial endoscopic dissection was performed on cadaver specimens by three fellowship trained rhinologists. Anatomic sites within and around the sinuses were tagged with radio-opaque markers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3242DOI Listing
March 2009
7 Reads

Attachment-oriented endoscopic surgical strategy for sinonasal inverted papilloma.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):629-34

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Background: It is well documented that inverted papillomas (IP) have a localized attachment site. Still, instead of concentrating on the attachment site, endoscopic surgeons often perform an extended resection similar to the one achieved after external surgery.

Objective: Our objective was to evaluate an attachment-oriented endoscopic surgical strategy and to determine IP attachment diameter and location. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/23958963_Attachment
Web Search
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3243
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3243DOI Listing
March 2009
27 Reads

In vivo laser tissue welding in the rabbit maxillary sinus.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):625-8

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4206, USA.

Background: One of the challenges in the current expansion of endoscopic sinonasal surgery is the ability to adequately reconstruct the skull base. Laser tissue welding (LTW) uses laser energy coupled to a biological solder to produce tissue bonds with burst thresholds exceeding human intracranial pressure. This technology could be used to reduce the rate of postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3244DOI Listing
March 2009
5 Reads

Balloon catheter dilatation for frontal sinus ostium stenosis in the office setting.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):621-4

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.

Background: Frontal sinus ostium stenosis (FSOS) is problematic even for expert surgeons. Balloon catheter (BC) technology has been recently introduced to rhinology. The aim of this study is to assess technical feasibility and effectiveness of BC dilatation of FSOS in the office setting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://search.proquest.com/openview/4ceab0dd2977a24ebd54db08
Web Search
http://openurl.ingenta.com/content/xref?genre=article&is
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3240DOI Listing
March 2009
3 Reads

Acoustic rhinometry of Asian noses.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):617-20

Division of Rhinology and Allergy, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Each ethnic group has different nasal cavity geometries. The reference value of the minimal cross-sectional area (MCA) and the nasal volume (NV) is mandatory for rhinologic evaluation in regular practice and for research. This study was designed to study the normal value of acoustic rhinometry (AR) in Asian subjects in comparison with other ethnic groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3229DOI Listing
March 2009
4 Reads

Sonography versus plain x rays in diagnosis of nasal fractures.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):613-6

Klinik für Hals, Nasen-und Ohrenheilkunde, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany.

Background: The standard imaging procedure for suspected nasal fractures has been radiography (XR). However, its usefulness for clinical decision making is highly controversial. High-resolution ultrasonography now offers a promising new diagnostic imaging option. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3239DOI Listing
March 2009
11 Reads

Postoperative antibiotic care after functional endoscopic sinus surgery.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):608-12

Department of Otolaryngology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Background: Antibiotics are used routinely in the postoperative care of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), but their efficacy has not been well evaluated.

Methods: Patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who underwent FESS were enrolled in this study. They were randomly divided into two groups: a study group and a control group. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3241DOI Listing
March 2009
11 Reads

Posttraumatic anosmia secondary to central nervous system injury.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):606-7

Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California-San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California, USA.

Background: The presumed pathogenesis of posttraumatic anosmia is stretching or shearing of the olfactory nerves in a coup-contracoup head contusion. Direct injury to the brain is an alternate mechanism of injury. In this study we report a case where direct injury to the brain is the probable mechanism of injury. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3238DOI Listing
March 2009
5 Reads

Squamous metaplasia and chronic rhinosinusitis: a clinicopathological study.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):602-5

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.

Background: The significance of squamous metaplasia (SM) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is unknown. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of SM in histopathological specimens from patients with CRS and to correlate these histological findings with clinical features.

Methods: We reviewed the clinical records and pathological slides from 87 consecutive patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for CRS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3236DOI Listing
March 2009
4 Reads

Olfactory bulb volume in patients with sinonasal disease.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):598-601

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the volume of the olfactory bulb (OB) in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (without nasal polyposis at the endoscopic evaluation) and to evaluate the correlation between this measure and the degree of sinonasal inflammation.

Methods: Patients with sinonasal disease (SND; n = 22) were compared with healthy controls (n = 16) using orthonasal and retronasal olfactory test results and OB volumes measurement calculated by planimetric manual contouring using standardized methods. The Lund-Mackay score (originally described for CT scan) was also used to gauge sinonasal inflammation (SND score). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3237DOI Listing
March 2009
4 Reads

Pathophysiology of nasal polyposis: the role of desmosomal junctions.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):589-97

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Background: Many mucosal inflammatory conditions are associated with alterations in epithelial intercellular junctions and barrier function; however, little is known about the role of intercellular junctions in inflammatory diseases of the upper airways. In this study, we examined nasal polyps for altered intercellular junctions and protein expression.

Methods: Biopsy specimens of nasal polyps and normal tissue were obtained intraoperatively from 11 patients and 6 controls. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3235
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3235DOI Listing
March 2009
8 Reads

Analysis of T-helper responses and FOXP3 gene expression in patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):582-8

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma, Japan.

Background: Evidence has been accumulated indicating that regulatory T (T-reg) cells play a crucial role in the maintenance of peripheral T-cell tolerance to allergens. To explore the role of FOXP3, which is required for the development of T-reg cells, in allergen-specific immune responses, we examined the relationship between the alteration of FOXP3 gene expression and in vitro immune responses against allergens.

Methods: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from 19 human histocompatibility leukocyte antigens (HLA)-DPB1*0501 donors, including patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis and nonallergic healthy donors, were stimulated with Cry j 1 p61-75 peptide. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3234DOI Listing
March 2009
4 Reads

Microarray analysis of distinct gene transcription profiles in non-eosinophilic chronic sinusitis with nasal polyps.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):568-81

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.

Background: Recent literature has indicated the feasibility of microarray analysis in the characterization of chronic sinusitis. We hypothesized that previously unexplored inflammatory mechanisms would be involved in the pathophysiology of noneosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (NE-CRSwNP) and that this technology could be used to identify the gene expression of these novel and previously known mediators.

Methods: Patients with CRSwNP failing medical therapy were prospectively enrolled and NP tissue was removed at time of surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3233DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2810097PMC
March 2009
4 Reads

The efficacy of topical antibiofilm agents in a sheep model of rhinosinusitis.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):560-7

Department of Surgery-Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.

Background: Biofilms have been shown to be resistant to conventional antibiotic treatment. This study uses a sheep biofilm model developed by our department to investigate several novel topical anti-biofilm treatments.

Methods: Staphylococcal biofilms were grown in 54 sheep frontal sinuses over 8 days: Each sinus was randomized to (1) no intervention, (2) single mupirocin flush, (3) regular 12-hourly mupirocin flushes for 5 days, (4) Citric Acid Zwitterionic Surfactant (CAZS) via hydrodebrider, (5) gallium nitrate, (6) CAZS with gallium nitrate, (7) CAZS with mupirocin, and (8) saline regular flushes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://search.proquest.com/openview/dec649fa3964ec5907db65e8
Web Search
http://openurl.ingenta.com/content/xref?genre=article&is
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3232DOI Listing
March 2009
4 Reads

Early influence of bilateral turbinoplasty combined with septoplasty on intranasal air conditioning.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):542-5

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

Background: Too extensive resection of the inferior turbinates (ITs) during nasal surgery leads to a severely disturbed intranasal air conditioning. Data comparing nasal air conditioning before and after turbinoplasty in nasal surgery are still lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the early effect of bilateral turbinoplasty combined with septoplasty on intranasal heating and humidification. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3224DOI Listing
November 2008
14 Reads

Impact of chronic rhinosinusitis and endoscopic sinus surgery on bone remodeling of the paranasal sinuses.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):537-41

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Sengdong-gu, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Osteitis or bone remodeling is one of the distinct radiological findings in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Bone remodeling of the paranasal sinuses can be affected by many factors including age, sex, chronic inflammation, and surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate radiological evidence of mucosal and bone remodeling and to assess the impact of recurrent rhinosinusitis after surgery on remodeling in patients with CRS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3222DOI Listing
November 2008
7 Reads

Rhinologic outcomes of concurrent operation for pituitary adenoma and chronic rhinosinusitis: an early experience.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):533-6

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Inje University, College of Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Background: The transsphenoidal approach (TSA) is the procedure of choice for the vast majority of pituitary neoplasms. Sinusitis is considered a contraindication to TSA because of possible transcranial spread of infection. This study was performed to determine if TSA for pituitary tumors could be extended to patients with pituitary adenoma and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3220DOI Listing
November 2008
6 Reads

The use of nasopharyngeal airways for airway diversion in anterior craniofacial resection.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):529-32

Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA.

Background: Tension pneumocephalus is an uncommon, but life-threatening, postoperative complication associated with craniofacial resection. This study was performed to evaluate our institution's experience using nasal trumpets for airway diversion.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of patients who underwent anterior craniofacial resection (ACR) from 2000 to 2006. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3219DOI Listing
November 2008
3 Reads

No packing versus packing after endoscopic sinus surgery: pursuit of patients' comfort after surgery.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):525-8

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Seoul National University Boramae Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Background: This study was designed to evaluate the necessity of postoperative nasal packing and to find factors relevant in determining if nasal packing was required after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS).

Methods: From January 2007 through June 2007, 64 consecutive patients who underwent ESS were evaluated. The decision whether or not to perform nasal packing depended on the surgeon's judgment of the bleeding after surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3218DOI Listing
November 2008
7 Reads

Management of retrobulbar hematoma.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):522-4

Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia 23507, USA.

Background: Retrobulbar hematoma (RH) is a complication that can result from both otolaryngic and ophthalmologic procedures. RH can occur during endoscopic sinus surgery and improper treatment can result in several morbidities, including visual loss. Despite serious consequences, management for RH is not well evaluated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3217DOI Listing
November 2008
3 Reads

Intracranial complications before and after endoscopic skull base reconstruction.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):516-21

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA.

Background: Endoscopic skull base reconstruction (ESBR) has been widely accepted in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. However, it is not the CSF leak itself but the potential for life-threatening intracranial complications (ICCs) that is of primary clinical concern. The risk of developing complications, such as meningitis, in a skull base defect is unknown. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3223DOI Listing
November 2008
11 Reads

Clinical utility of intraoperative volume computed tomography scanner for endoscopic sinonasal and skull base procedures.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):511-5

Section of Nasal and Sinus Disorders, Cleveland Clinic Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.

Background: Intraoperative surgical navigation has become widely accepted as an important tool for improvement of surgical outcomes and reduction of complication in endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical utility of intraoperative volume computed tomography (CT) scanning in endoscopic sinonasal and skull base procedures.

Methods: Retrospective review of patients who underwent intraoperative volume CT imaging (xCAT; XoranTechnologies, Ann Arbor, MI) during endoscopic sinonasal and skull base surgery during a 3-month period was performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3216DOI Listing
November 2008
6 Reads

Impact of external nasal strips on nasal geometry and intranasal air-conditioning.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):506-10

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

Background: The anterior nasal segment is the most effective part of the nasal airways when it comes to warming and humidification of the inhaled air. Any changes in nasal geometry in this segment modifying the airflow could therefore affect nasal air conditioning. The goal of this study was to examine if external nasal strips have an influence on intranasal geometry and air-conditioning. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3215
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3215DOI Listing
November 2008
13 Reads

Clinical assessment of a nasal decongestion test by visual analog scale in allergic rhinitis.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):502-5

Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino, Genoa, Italy.

Background: Nasal airflow, as measured by rhinomanometry, is frequently impaired in allergic rhinitis (AR). The decongestion test evaluates whether the application of an intranasal vasoconstrictor drug increases nasal airflow. That allergy is characterized by inflammation and that the response to the decongestion test correlates with the grade of inflammatory reaction has previously been shown. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3214DOI Listing
November 2008
5 Reads

The scent-diffusing ventilator for rehabilitation of olfactory function after laryngectomy.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):487-90

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Berlin, Charité Campus Mitte, Smell and Taste Consultation Service, Berlin, Germany.

Background: The larynx bypass (LB) is the only device capable of providing laryngectomy patients with the ability to smell. Our findings regarding one-time and long-term use did reveal an improved olfactory function in these patients. Because the LB is difficult to use, however, it is not appropriate for everyday use. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3213DOI Listing
November 2008
4 Reads

Does nasal irrigation enter paranasal sinuses in chronic rhinosinusitis?

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):483-6

Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Nasal irrigation is widely used in treating sinonasal diseases. Not only does it remove static secretions and promote mucociliary clearance, but, in chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal flush is also a potential route for topical drug administration into paranasal sinuses. A clinical study was conducted to investigate how well nasal irrigation could reach paranasal sinuses with the ostiomeatal units blocked in chronic rhinosinusitis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://search.proquest.com/openview/1f09f5dd239a96ee543261b9
Web Search
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3221DOI Listing
November 2008
6 Reads

Computational fluid dynamics simulation of airflow in the normal nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):477-82

Otorhinolaryngology Hospital, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Otorhinolaryngology Institute of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: This study aimed to investigate airflow velocity, trace, distribution, and air pressure, as well as the airflow exchange between the nasal cavity and paranasal sinus in a normal subject using computational fluid dynamics.

Methods: Fluent software is used to simulate nasal cavity and paranasal sinus structure after CT scanning of a normal adult subject. Airflow velocity, pressure, distribution, and trace lines were calculated by Navier-Stokes equation and numerically visualized. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3211DOI Listing
November 2008
5 Reads

An animal model for nasofrontal duct obstruction and frontal sinus mucocele formation.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):474-6

Department of Otolaryngology, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, Texas, USA.

Background: This study was performed to show occlusion of the nasofrontal duct and mucocele formation in a goat model. A pilot study was performed to investigate whether a goat is a suitable model for creating nasofrontal duct obstruction and mucocele formation.

Methods: Three adult goats underwent frontal sinus anterior table osteoplastic flap creation with identification and occlusion of the nasofrontal outflow tract with frontalis muscle plugging. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3212DOI Listing
November 2008
6 Reads

Decreased production of human leukocyte antigen G molecules in sinonasal polyposis.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):468-73

Department of Ear, Nose, and Throat, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

Background: Sinonasal polyposis (SNP) is a chronic inflammatory pathology of nasal and paranasal cavities. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) G molecules are nonclassic class I antigens with anti-inflammatory and tolerogenic properties. As most theories consider polyps to be the manifestation of chronic inflammation, there could be a possible implication of HLA-G molecules in SNP. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3210DOI Listing
November 2008
5 Reads

Ozone-induced nasal hyperresponsiveness to tachykinins in guinea pigs.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):463-7

Department of Otolaryngology, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei and National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: To assess role of hydroxyl radials in the ozone-induced upper airway hyper-responsiveness to tachykinins.

Methods: A prospective, controlled, animal model (n = 96) was performed. Half of them exposed to air (A-group, placebo) and the other half exposed to 3 ppm ozone (O-group) for 2 h. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3208DOI Listing
November 2008
4 Reads

Occupational rhinitis in damp and moldy workplaces.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):457-62

Occupational Medicine Team, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Numerous studies confirm the association between exposure to indoor air dampness and molds and different health outcomes. Of these, upper respiratory tract problems are the most commonly reported work-related symptoms in damp indoor environments. The aim of this study was to describe a clinically investigated patient series with occupational rhinitis induced by molds. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3209DOI Listing
November 2008
4 Reads

Antigen-specific IgE in sinus mucosa of allergic fungal rhinosinusitis patients.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):451-6

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA.

Background: Local tissue production of antigen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) has been shown in patients with allergic rhinitis and in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps. In allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS), specific IgE has been established in nasal lavage fluid and eosinophilic mucin. In this study, local production of antigen-specific IgE within sinus mucosa of AFRS patients was evaluated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3227DOI Listing
November 2008
7 Reads

Perspectives on the etiology of chronic rhinosinusitis: an immune barrier hypothesis.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):549-59. Epub 2008 Sep 10.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA.

Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) has been defined as persistent symptomatic inflammation of the nasal and sinus mucosa resulting from the interaction of multiple host and environmental factors. Recent studies have implicated Alternaria fungi or toxigenic Staphylococcus aureus as critical agents in CRS pathogenesis. The emphasis on environmental agents in CRS etiology has focused interest toward elimination of those agents as the prime mechanism of therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3228DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2802263PMC
March 2009
3 Reads

Olfactory function in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis before and after functional endoscopic sinus surgery.

Am J Rhinol 2008 Jul-Aug;22(4):445-8

Department of Otolaryngology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Background: The olfactory loss in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis has been measured by different methods. However, the results have been variable and it is not clear whether functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) significantly improves olfactory function. This study was performed to evaluate the influences of FESS on olfactory function in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis using three different types of olfactory tests. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2008.22.3195DOI Listing
October 2008
13 Reads