33,935 results match your criteria American Journal Of Public Health[Journal]


COVID-19 Outcomes Among the Hispanic Population of 27 Large US Cities, 2020-2021.

Am J Public Health 2022 May 19:e1-e11. Epub 2022 May 19.

Isabel P. De Ramos, Mariana Lazo, Alina Schnake-Mahl, Ran Li, Ana V. Diez Roux, and Usama Bilal are with the Urban Health Collaborative, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA. Ana P. Martinez-Donate is with the Department of Community Health and Prevention, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University.

To examine racial/ethnic disparities in COVID-19 outcomes between Hispanics and Whites across 27 US jurisdictions whose health departments are members of the Big Cities Health Coalition (BCHC). Using surveillance data from the BCHC COVID-19 dashboard as of mid-June 2021, we computed crude incidence, age-adjusted hospitalization and mortality, and full vaccination coverage rates for Hispanics and Whites by city. We estimated relative and absolute disparities cumulatively and for 2020 and 2021 and explored associations between city-level social vulnerability and the magnitude of disparities. Read More

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District-Level Universal Masking Policies and COVID-19 Incidence During the First 8 Weeks of School in Texas.

Am J Public Health 2022 May 2:e1-e5. Epub 2022 May 2.

Amy E. Hughes is with the Department of Population and Data Sciences, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, and the Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center, Dallas. Kandice A. Kapinos is with the Department of Population and Data Sciences, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, and the RAND Corporation, Arlington, VA. Trish M. Perl, Mujeeb A. Basit, and Richard J. Medford are with the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas.

Texas discontinued state-sponsored business restrictions and mask mandates on March 10, 2021, and mandated that no government officials, including public school officials, may implement mask requirements even in areas where COVID-19 hospitalizations comprised more than 15% of hospitalizations. Nonetheless, some public school districts began the 2021-2022 school year with mask mandates in place. We used quasi-experimental methods to analyze the impact of school mask mandates, which appear to have resulted in approximately 40 fewer student cases per week in the first eight weeks of school. Read More

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The Importance of Data Visualization in Combating a Pandemic.

Authors:
Anamaria Crisan

Am J Public Health 2022 May 2:e1-e3. Epub 2022 May 2.

Anamaria Crisan is with Tableau, Seattle, WA.

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Structural Interventions That Reduce HIV Vulnerability: A Public Health of Consequence, June 2022.

Authors:
Farzana Kapadia

Am J Public Health 2022 May 2:e1-e2. Epub 2022 May 2.

The author is the deputy editor of AJPH and is associate professor of epidemiology at the School of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, NY.

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Not Counting Homelessness in All Its Forms Is Not Acceptable.

Authors:
Susan Dentzer

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 28:e1-e2. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Susan Dentzer is president and chief executive officer of America's Physician Groups, Los Angeles, CA, and Washington, DC.

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Improving Data Surveillance Resilience Beyond COVID-19: Experiences of Primary heAlth Care quAlity Cohort In ChinA (ACACIA) Using Unannounced Standardized Patients.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 28:e1-e10. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Dong (Roman) Xu is with SMU Institute for Global Health (SIGHT), School of Health Management and Dermatology Hospital, Southern Medical University (SMU), Guangzhou, China. Yiyuan Cai is with the Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Guizhou Medical University, Guizhou, China. Xiaohui Wang is with the Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, School of Public Health, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China. Yaolong Chen is with the Institute of Health Data Science, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China. Wenjie Gong is with HER Team and the Department of Maternal and Child Health, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, China. Jing Liao and Jinghua Li are with the Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. Jifang Zhou is with the School of International Business, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, China. Zhongliang Zhou is with the School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China. Nan Zhang and Huijuan Liang are with the School of Health Management, Inner Mongolia Medical University, Hohhot, China. Chengxiang Tang is with the Macquarie University Centre for the Health Economy, Macquarie Business School, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia. Baibing Mi is with the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an, China. Yun Lu is with the Department of Preventive Medicine, Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Guizhou Medical University, Guizhou, China. Ruixin Wang is with the Department of Health Economics, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Jay Pan is with HEOA Group, West China School of Public Health and West China Fourth Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

We analyzed COVID-19 influences on the design, implementation, and validity of assessing the quality of primary health care using unannounced standardized patients (USPs) in China. Because of the pandemic, we crowdsourced our funding, removed tuberculosis from the USP case roster, adjusted common cold and asthma cases, used hybrid online-offline training for USPs, shared USPs across provinces, and strengthened ethical considerations. With those changes, we were able to conduct fieldwork despite frequent COVID-19 interruptions. Read More

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Implementing Quality of Care Measures: Lessons from a Standardized Patient Study in Seven Provinces of China.

Authors:
Ada Kwan

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 28:e1-e3. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Ada Kwan is with the Department of Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine.

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Dashboards and Public Health: The Development, Impacts, and Lessons From the Irish Government COVID-19 Dashboards.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 28:e1-e4. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Justin Gleeson and Eoghan McCarthy are with the All-Island Research Observatory, Maynooth University, Maynooth, County Kildare, Ireland. Rob Kitchin is with the Maynooth University Social Sciences Institute.

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Linking Electronic Health Records to the American Community Survey: Feasibility and Process.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 21:e1-e8. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Victoria Udalova, Lucinda Dalzell, and Joanna Motro are with the Enhancing Health Data Program, Demographic Directorate, US Census Bureau, Suitland, MD. Timothy S. Carey is with the Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (UNC). Paul Roman Chelminski is with the Departments of Allied Health Science and Medicine, School of Medicine, UNC. Patricia Knoepp is with the Sheps Center for Health Services Research, UNC. Barbara Entwisle is with the Department of Sociology and Carolina Population Center, UNC.

To assess linkages of patient data from a health care system in the southeastern United States to microdata from the American Community Survey (ACS) with the goal of better understanding health disparities and social determinants of health in the population. Once a data use agreement was in place, a stratified random sample of approximately 200 000 was drawn of patients aged 25 to 74 years with at least 2 visits between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2019. Information from the sampled electronic health records (EHRs) was transferred securely to the Census Bureau, put through the Census Person Identification Validation System to assign Protected Identification Keys (PIKs) as unique identifiers wherever possible. Read More

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Setting the Stage for the Next Phase of Social Determinants of Health Research.

Authors:
Michael N Cantor

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 21:e1-e2. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Michael N. Cantor is with the Regeneron Genetics Center and the New York University Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY.

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Revisiting the Protective Value of Barrier Face Coverings After the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 21:e1-e4. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Theodore J. Witek Jr is with the Institute of Health Policy Management and Evaluation, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario. James A. Scott is with the Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, and the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, Temerty Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto. John R. Balmes is with the School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, and the School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley.

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Implementation of Baltimore City's COVID-19 Isolation Hotel.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 21:e1-e5. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Amanda M. Rosecrans, Robert E. Harris, Norberth H. Stracker, and Sarah T. Rives are with the Baltimore City Health Department and the School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. Marik A. Moen is with the University of Maryland Medical System and the School of Nursing, University of Maryland, Baltimore. Molly S. Rice, Vanessa S. Augustin, Kevin D. Burns, Katherine M. Tran, and Charles W. Callahan are with the University of Maryland Medical System, Baltimore. Letitia K. Dzirasa is with the Baltimore City Health Department.

In May 2020, Baltimore City, Maryland, implemented the Lord Baltimore Triage, Respite, and Isolation Center (LBTC), a multiagency COVID-19 isolation and quarantine site tailored for people experiencing homelessness. In the first year, 2020 individuals were served, 78% completed isolation at LBTC, and 6% were transferred to a hospital. Successful isolation can mitigate outbreaks in shelters and residential recovery programs, and planning for sustainable isolation services integrated within these settings is critical as the COVID-19 pandemic continues. Read More

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Regulating the Food Industry: An Aspirational Agenda.

Authors:
Marion Nestle

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 21:e1-e6. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Marion Nestle is professor emerita with New York University, New York, NY.

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Impact of COVID-19 on People Experiencing Homelessness: A Call for Critical Accountability.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 21:e1-e4. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Natalia M. Rodriguez and Yumary Ruiz are with the Department of Public Health, College of Health and Human Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. Risa Cromer and Rebecca G. Martinez are with the Department of Anthropology, College of Liberal Arts, Purdue University.

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Critical Race Theory for Public Health Students to Recognize and Eliminate Structural Racism.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 21:e1-e3. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Robey B. Champine is with the Division of Public Health and the Department of Family Medicine in the College of Human Medicine at Michigan State University, Flint. Wayne R. McCullough is with the Division of Public Health and the Department of Family Medicine in the College of Human Medicine at Michigan State University, Flint. Darline K. El Reda is with the Division of Public Health in the College of Human Medicine at Michigan State University, Flint.

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Data Dashboards for Advancing Health and Equity: Proving Their Promise?

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 21:e1-e4. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Lorna E. Thorpe and Marc N. Gourevitch are with the New York University Grossman School of Medicine Department of Population Health, New York, NY, and are co-principal investigators on the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation-funded City Health Dashboard (https://www.cityhealthdashboard.com).

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Impact of SHIELD Police Training on Knowledge of Syringe Possession Laws and Related Arrests in Tijuana, Mexico.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 21:e1-e5. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Pieter Baker and Javier A. Cepeda are with the Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD. Leo Beletsky is with the Bouvé College of Health Sciences and School of Law, Northeastern University, Boston, MA. Richard Garfein and Steffanie A. Strathdee are with the Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego. Eileen Pitpitan and Eyal Oren are with the Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA.

Between 2015 and 2018, we provided training for 1806 municipal police officers in Tijuana, Mexico, in an effort to improve their knowledge and behaviors related to HIV and injection drug use. Correct knowledge of syringe possession laws improved from 56% before training to 94% after training and was sustained at 24 months (75%). Knowledge improvement was associated with decreases in arrests for syringe possession over time (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 0. Read More

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Dashboards Are Trendy, Visible Components of Data Management in Public Health: Sustaining Their Use After the Pandemic Requires a Broader View.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 21:e1-e4. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Brian E. Dixon is with the Department of Epidemiology, Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University, and the Center for Biomedical Informatics, Regenstrief Institute, Indianapolis. Shandy Dearth is with the Center for Public Health Practice and the Department of Epidemiology, Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University. Thomas J. Duszynski is with the Department of Epidemiology, Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University. Shaun J. Grannis is with the Indiana University School of Medicine and the Center for Biomedical Informatics, Regenstrief Institute.

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COVID-19 Vaccine Coverage and Hesitancy Among New York City Parents of Children Aged 5-11 Years.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 14:e1-e6. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Chloe A. Teasdale is with the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, City University of New York (CUNY) Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, New York, NY. Scott Ratzan is with the Department of Community Health and Social Sciences, CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, New York, NY. Lauren Rauh, Hannah Stuart Lathan, and Ayman El-Mohandes are with the CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, New York, NY. Spencer Kimball is with Emerson College, Boston, MA.

To measure vaccine uptake and intentions among New York City (NYC) parents of children aged 5 to 11 years following emergency use authorization. We conducted a survey of 2506 NYC parents of children aged 5 to 11 years. We used survey weights to generate prevalence estimates of vaccine uptake and intentions. Read More

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Cost-Attributed Medical Care Disruptions Are a Concern Among US Adults With Food Insecurity During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 14:e1-e3. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Yibin Liu is with the Department of Community Health and Health Behavior, in the School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY. Heather A. Eicher-Miller is with the Department of Nutrition Science, in the College of Health and Human Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.

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Collaborative Hubs: Making the Most of Predictive Epidemic Modeling.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 14:e1-e4. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Nicholas G. Reich and Evan L. Ray are with the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Massachusetts-Amherst. Justin Lessler is with the Department of Epidemiology, UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Sebastian Funk is with the Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases and Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK. Cecile Viboud is with the Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. Alessandro Vespignani is with the Laboratory for the Modeling of Biological and Socio-technical Systems, Northeastern University, Boston, MA. Ryan J. Tibshirani is with the Department of Statistics & Data Science and the Department of Machine Learning, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA. Katriona Shea and Rebecca K. Borchering are with the Department of Biology and Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. Melanie Schienle and Johannes Bracher are with the Chair of Statistics and Econometrics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany. Michael C. Runge is with the Eastern Ecological Science Center, US Geological Survey, Laurel, MD. Roni Rosenfeld is with the Machine Learning Department, Carnegie Mellon University. Rene Niehus and Helen C. Johnson are with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Solna, Sweden. Michael A. Johansson and Matthew Biggerstaff are with the COVID-19 Response, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. Harry Hochheiser is with the Department of Biomedical Informatics and Intelligent Systems Program, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. Lauren Gardner is with the Department of Civil and Systems Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.

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Lack of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Data Masks Important Health Disparities in Department of Defense Surveys.

Authors:
Eren Y Watkins

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 14:e1-e3. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Eren Y. Watkins is with the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, G1, Army Resilience Directorate, Arlington, VA.

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Homeless Shelters: HIV Testing During the Atlanta Tuberculosis Outbreak (2008-2018).

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 14:e1-e5. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Udodirim N. Onwubiko and Anum N. Khan are with the Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA. Jane C. Yoon and David P. Holland are with the Division of Infectious Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA. David P. Holland, Udodirim N. Onwubiko, Sophia Ajoku, and Jane C. Yoon are with the Fulton County Board of Health, Atlanta, GA. Anum N. Khan is with the Windsor-Essex County Health Unit, Windsor, Ontario, Canada.

People experiencing homelessness are at increased risk of tuberculosis (TB) and HIV. We examined the impact of integrating HIV testing and mandatory TB screening on HIV test uptake (HTU) during a multishelter TB outbreak in Atlanta, Georgia (2008-2018). Overall HTU was low; however, the intervention led to a reversal of declining HTU trend (rate ratio = 1. Read More

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Safe and Stable Housing for Intimate Partner Violence Survivors, Maryland, 2019‒2020.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 14:e1-e6. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

At the time of the study, all authors were affiliated with Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD. Janice Miller is also with House of Ruth Maryland (HRM), Baltimore.

House of Ruth Maryland is a comprehensive intimate partner violence (IPV) service provider. Our academic‒practitioner partnership conducted a prospective, quasi-experimental evaluation (n = 70) of on-site transitional housing and community-based rapid rehousing to meet the safety and stability needs of individuals made homeless because of IPV. By 6-month follow-up, both IPV revictimization and housing instability significantly improved ( < . Read More

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Associated Costs Are a Barrier to HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis Access in the United States.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 14:e1-e5. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

At the time of this study, Karishma Srikanth was with the Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville. Amy Killelea, Edwin Corbin-Gutierrez, and Tim Horn were with the National Alliance of State & Territorial AIDS Directors (NASTAD), Washington, DC. Andrew Strumpf and Kathleen A. McManus are with the Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, University of Virginia, Charlottesville.

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Tracking COVID-19 Inequities Across Jurisdictions Represented in the Big Cities Health Coalition (BCHC): The COVID-19 Health Inequities in BCHC Cities Dashboard.

Am J Public Health 2022 Apr 14:e1-e9. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Usama Bilal, Celina Koh, Alyssa Furukawa, Kristina Dureja, Asma Sharaf, Sharrelle Barber, and Ana V. Diez Roux are with the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and the Urban Health Collaborative, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA. Edwin McCulley, Ran Li, Heather Rollins, Alina Schnake-Mahl, Pricila H. Mullachery, and Vaishnavi Vaidya are with the Urban Health Collaborative, Dornsife School of Public Health. Chrissie Juliano is with the Big Cities Health Coalition (BCHC), Bethesda, MD. Jennifer Kolker is with the Department of Health Management and Policy and the Urban Health Collaborative, Dornsife School of Public Health.

To describe the creation of an interactive dashboard to advance the understanding of the COVID-19 pandemic from an equity and urban health perspective across 30 large US cities that are members of the Big Cities Health Coalition (BCHC). We leveraged the Drexel‒BCHC partnership to define the objectives and audience for the dashboard and developed an equity framework to conceptualize COVID-19 inequities across social groups, neighborhoods, and cities. We compiled data on COVID-19 trends and inequities by race/ethnicity, neighborhood, and city, along with neighborhood- and city-level demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, and built an interactive dashboard and Web platform to allow interactive comparisons of these inequities across cities. Read More

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