7,372 results match your criteria American Journal Of Preventive Medicine[Journal]


Fixed-Dose Combination (Polypill) for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: A Meta-Analysis.

Am J Prev Med 2022 May 22. Epub 2022 May 22.

Cardiovascular Medicine Department, Heart, Vascular & Thoracic Institute (Miller Family), Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address:

Introduction: This meta-analysis was performed to assess the efficacy of fixed-dose combination (polypill) in reducing the risk of mortality and cardiovascular events.

Methods: Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central were searched during May 2021. All randomized trials investigating the efficacy of antihypertensive and lipid-lowering ± antiplatelet drug combinations in patients at cardiovascular risk were included. Read More

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Obesity and Eligibility for Obesity Treatments Among Adults With Disabilities in the U.S.

Am J Prev Med 2022 May 22. Epub 2022 May 22.

Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

Introduction: Obesity has been associated with disability; yet, the proportion who meet clinical criteria for obesity treatment among adults with disabilities remains poorly defined. Characterization of obesity and treatment eligibility by disability type may prioritize high-need groups. This study assessed the prevalence of obesity and eligibility for antiobesity pharmacotherapy and/or bariatric surgery in adults with disability. Read More

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Resistance Training and Mortality Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Am J Prev Med 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Australian Centre for Precision Health, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.; UniSA Allied Health & Human Performance, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction: This study aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze the relationship between resistance training and all-cause, cardiovascular disease, and cancer mortality.

Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis following PRISMA guidelines (International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews Registration Number CRD42019136654) was conducted. MEDLINE (OVID), Embase, Emcare, SPORTDiscus, The Cochrane Library, and SCOPUS were searched from inception to June 6, 2021. Read More

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Different Times Call for Different Measures: Using Retail Sales to Monitor the Tobacco Product Landscape.

Am J Prev Med 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Office on Smoking and Health (OSH), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

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Preventing Adverse Childhood Experiences: The Role of Etiological, Evaluation, and Implementation Research.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6S1):S6-S15

Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Research on adverse childhood experiences is a vital part of the data-to-action link and the development of evidence-based public health and violence prevention practice. Etiological research helps to elucidate the key risk and protective factors for adverse childhood experiences and outcome research examines the consequences of exposure to them. Evaluation research is critical to building the evidence base for strategies that are likely to have a significant impact on preventing and reducing adverse experiences during childhood. Read More

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Adverse Childhood Experiences and Overdose: Lessons From Overdose Data to Action.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6S1):S40-S46

Division of Overdose Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: Adverse childhood experiences and overdose are linked in a cycle that affects individuals and communities across generations. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Overdose Data to Action cooperative agreement supports a comprehensive public health approach to overdose prevention and response activities across the U.S. Read More

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Building Infrastructure for Surveillance of Adverse and Positive Childhood Experiences: Integrated, Multimethod Approaches to Generate Data for Prevention Action.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6S1):S31-S39

Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Adverse and positive childhood experiences have a profound impact on lifespan health and well-being. However, their incorporation into ongoing population-based surveillance systems has been limited. This paper outlines critical steps in building a comprehensive approach to adverse and positive childhood experiences surveillance, provides examples from the Preventing Adverse Childhood Experiences: Data to Action cooperative agreement, and describes improvements needed to optimize surveillance data for action. Read More

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Leveraging Surveillance and Evidence: Preventing Adverse Childhood Experiences Through Data to Action.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6S1):S24-S30

Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Adverse childhood experiences are potentially traumatic events that occur in childhood that have been associated with lifelong chronic health problems, mental illness, substance misuse, and decreased life opportunities. Therefore, preventing adverse childhood experiences is critical to improving health and socioeconomic outcomes throughout the lifespan. The Preventing Adverse Childhood Experiences: Data to Action (CDC-RFA-CE20-2006) funding initiative is a comprehensive public health approach to adverse childhood experience prevention that aims to understand the prevalence of and risk factors for adverse childhood experiences among youth, track changes in adverse childhood experience prevalence over time, focus prevention strategies, and ultimately measure the success of those evidence-based prevention strategies. Read More

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Preventing Childhood Adversity Through Economic Support and Social Norm Strategies.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6S1):S16-S23

Division of Violence Prevention, National Center on Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Through the Essentials for Childhood program, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funds 7 state health departments (states) to address the urgent public health problem of adverse childhood experiences and child abuse and neglect, in particular. Through interviews and document reviews, the paper highlights the early implementation of 2 primary prevention strategies from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's child abuse and neglect technical package with the greatest potential for broad public health impact to prevent adverse childhood experiences-strengthening economic supports and changing social norms. States are focused on advancing family-friendly work policies such as paid family and medical leave, livable wage policies, flexible and consistent work schedules, as well as programs and policies that strengthen household financial security such as increasing access to Earned Income Tax Credit. Read More

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Investments in Adverse Childhood Experience Prevention Efforts.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6S1):S1-S5

Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

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Letter to the Editor Regarding"Routine HIV Testing and Outcomes: A Population-Based Cohort Study in Taiwan".

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6):e385

Department of Kaya Chikitsa, Sham-e-Ghausia Minority Ayurved Medical College and Hospital, Ghazipur, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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Priority Topics for the Community Preventive Services Task Force, 2020-2025: A Data-Driven, Partner-Informed Approach.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6):e375-e378

Community Guide Office, Office of the Associate Director for Policy and Strategy, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: The Community Preventive Services Task Force periodically engages in a process to identify priority topics to guide their work. This article described the process and results for selecting priority topics to guide the work of the Community Preventive Services Task Force for the period 2020-2025.

Methods: The Community Preventive Services Task Force started with Healthy People 2020 topics. Read More

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The Community Preventive Services Task Force: 25 Years of Effectiveness, Economics, and Equity.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6):e371-e373

Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado.

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Prescription Smoking-Cessation Medication Fills and Spending, 2009-2019.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun 28;62(6):e351-e355. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: Smoking is the leading cause of preventable disease and death. However, effective medicines, including prescription medications often covered by health insurance, are available to aid cessation.

Methods: Trends of 7 U. Read More

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Nativity-Related Disparities in Preterm Birth and Cardiovascular Risk in a Multiracial U.S. Cohort.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun 7;62(6):885-894. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

The Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address:

Introduction: Having a preterm birth is associated with future cardiovascular risk. Non-Hispanic Black women have higher rates of preterm birth than non-Hispanic White and Hispanic women, but nativity-related disparities in preterm birth are not well understood.

Methods: Data from 6,096 women in the Boston Birth Cohort: non-Hispanic Black (2,699), non-Hispanic White (997), or Hispanic (2,400), were analyzed in June 2021. Read More

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Association Between Fatal Occupational Injuries and State Minimum-Wage Laws, 2003-2017.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6):878-884

Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.

Introduction: Low wages are associated with an increased risk of occupational injuries. Increasing the minimum wage is one way to increase workers' wages; however, a previous study found that higher state minimum wage was associated with an increase in nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses. This study aims to examine the association between state minimum-wage laws and fatal occupational injuries. Read More

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The Association Between E-Cigarette Use and Prediabetes: Results From the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2016-2018.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun 3;62(6):872-877. Epub 2022 Mar 3.

Department of Environmental Health and Engineering, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address:

Introduction: Both E-cigarette use and the prevalence of prediabetes have risen dramatically in the past decade. It is crucial to understand whether E-cigarette use is associated with the risk of prediabetes.

Methods: Participants who completed the prediabetes and E-cigarette modules of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey (2016-2018) were included in this study. Read More

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Farmers' Market Incentives for Low-Income Families: Who Uses, How Much, and Why.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun 28;62(6):864-871. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

The Los Angeles Trust for Children's Health, Los Angeles, California.

Introduction: Focusing on participation and utilization, this research helps to assess the potential impact and contributions of farmers' market incentive programs, often seen as means for improving nutrition and preventing disease among low-income families.

Methods: Evaluating the largest farmers' market incentive program in the U.S. Read More

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REPRINT OF: Racism, Sexism, and Social Class: Implications for Studies of Health, Disease, and Well-being.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6):816-863

Sociology Department, Spelman College, Atlanta, Georgia.

Editor's Note: This article is a reprint of a previously published article. For citation purposes, please use the original publication details: Krieger N, Rowley DL, Herman AA, Avery B, Phillips MT. Racism, sexism, and social class: implications for studies of health, disease, and well-being. Read More

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Health Implications of Racism, Sexism, and Social Class: Reflections From Nearly 30 Years Ago.

Authors:
Ana V Diez Roux

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6):814-815

Dean's Office, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

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Breaking Through and Backlash: Advancing Awareness About Racism, Sexism, Social Class, and the People's Health.

Authors:
Nancy Krieger

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun;62(6):807-813

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

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Smoking-Cessation Assistance Among Older Adults by Ethnicity/Language Preference.

Am J Prev Med 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon; OCHIN, Inc., Portland, Oregon.

Introduction: Although smoking prevalence is lower among Hispanic adults than among non-Hispanic White adults, smoking remains a leading cause of preventable death among older Hispanics. This study examines the differences in tobacco assessment and smoking-cessation assistance among older patients seen in community health centers by ethnicity and language preference.

Methods: Electronic health record data were extracted from the Accelerating Data Value Across a National Community Health Center Network of community health centers from patients aged 55‒80 years with ≥1 primary care visit between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2018. Read More

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Mental Illness in Adults With HIV and HCV Infection: Indian Health Service, 2001-2020.

Am J Prev Med 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Indian Health Service, Rockville, Maryland.

Introduction: Mental health disorders (MHDs) and substance use disorders (SUDs) in people living with HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, and HIV/HCV coinfection are common and result in significant morbidity. However, there are no national prevalence estimates of these comorbidities in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adults with HIV, HCV infection, or HIV/HCV coinfection. This study estimates the prevalence of MHD and SUD diagnoses in AI/AN adults diagnosed with HIV, HCV infection, or HIV/HCV coinfection within the Indian Health Service (IHS). Read More

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Alcohol Consumption and 15 Causes of Fatal Injuries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Am J Prev Med 2022 May 14. Epub 2022 May 14.

Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: The proportion of fatal nontraffic injuries that involve high levels of alcohol use or alcohol intoxication was assessed by cause of injury to generate alcohol-attributable fractions. Updated alcohol-attributable fractions can contribute to improved estimates of the public health impact of excessive alcohol use.

Methods: Peer-reviewed and gray literature for 1995-2019 on 15 causes of fatal nontraffic injuries in the U. Read More

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