342,195 results match your criteria American Journal Of Potato Research[Journal]


Preconception Care in the Veterans Health Administration.

Semin Reprod Med 2018 Nov 19;36(6):327-339. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

VA Central Office, Women's Health Services, Washington, District of Columbia.

Preconception care (PCC), defined as a set of interventions to help women optimize their health and well-being prior to pregnancy, can improve pregnancy outcomes and is recommended by national organizations including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Women Veterans who use the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system may face elevated risks of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes due to a high prevalence of chronic medical and mental health conditions as well as psychosocial stressors including sexual trauma history and intimate partner violence. Many women Veterans of childbearing age experience poverty and homelessness, which are key social determinants of poor reproductive health outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1678753DOI Listing
November 2018

Prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) among US children.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Apr 16;92:209-218. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

University of South Carolina College of Nursing, Columbia, South Carolina, United States.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) among children in the United States and to examine the relationship between child and family characteristics and the likelihood of reported exposure to ACEs.

Methods: Data were drawn from the nationally representative 2016 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH). Parent-reported child ACE exposure was measured using counts of those reporting zero ACEs, one to three ACEs, and four or more ACEs. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01452134193013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.04.010DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Worldwide Network for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (WBMT) recommendations for establishing a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation program in countries with limited resources (Part II): clinical, technical and socio-economic considerations.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Center for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Nagakute; Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, University Hospital, Leipzig, Germany.

The development of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) programs can face significant challenges in most developing countries because such endeavors must compete with other government health care priorities, including the delivery of basic services. While this is may be a limiting factor, these countries should prioritize development of the needed expertise to offer state of the art treatments including transplantation, by providing financial, technological, legal, ethical and other needed support. This would prove beneficial in providing successful programs customized to the needs of their population, and potentially provide long-term cost-savings by circumventing the need for their citizens to seek care abroad. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2019.04.012DOI Listing

Larval amphibians rapidly bioaccumulate poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2019 Apr 16;178:137-145. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, 715 West State Street, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, United States.

Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are ubiquitous contaminants that can bioaccumulate in aquatic taxa. Amphibians are particularly vulnerable to contaminants and sensitive to endocrine disruptors during their aquatic larval stage. However, few studies have explored PFAS uptake rates in amphibians, which is critical for designing ecotoxicology studies and assessing the potential for bioaccumulation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01476513193043
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.04.022DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Phylogenetic analysis of partial pre-membrane and envelope sequences of dengue viruses circulating in India.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Dept. of Clinical Virology, Christian Medical College, Vellore 632004, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address:

Objective: Phylogenetic characteristics of circulating Indian dengue viruses (DENV) were analysed using partial pre-membrane (PrM) and envelope (E) sequences. An immunodominant region was analysed for mutations and alignment with common DENV PCR primers and probes was determined.

Methods: Published Indian PrM and E DENV sequences were analysed with hitherto unpublished PrM sequences from this study site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.04.010DOI Listing

Trends in cervical cancer incidence rates by age, race/ethnicity, histological subtype, and stage at diagnosis in the United States.

Prev Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Surveillance and Health Services Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, United States of America.

Recent trends of cervical cancer incidence by histology and age in the United States (U.S.) have not been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.04.010DOI Listing

Chronic cough and gastroesophageal reflux in children - CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report.

Chest 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, UMass Memorial Medical Center, Worcester, MA, USA.

Background: Whether gastroesophageal reflux (GER) or GER disease (GERD) causes chronic cough in children is controversial. Using the PICO format, we undertook 4 systematic reviews. For children with chronic cough (>4-weeks duration) and without underlying lung disease: (1) who do not have gastrointestinal GER symptoms, should empirical treatment for GERD be used? (2) with gastrointestinal GER symptoms, does treatment for GERD resolve the cough? (3) with or without gastrointestinal GER symptoms, what GER-based therapies should be used and for how long? (4) if GERD is suspected as the cause, what investigations and diagnostic criteria best determine GERD as the cause of the cough?

Methods: We used the CHEST Expert Cough Panel's protocol and American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and GRADE framework. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00123692193083
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2019.03.035DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A Remarkable Legacy: The Wayne F. Placek Fund Grant Program.

J Homosex 2019 Apr 19:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

c Executive Vice President/Executive Director , American Psychological Foundation , Washington , DC.

Gregory M. Herek, PhD, made an important professional contribution through his service as chair of the Scientific Review Committee of the Wayne F. Placek Fund of the American Psychological Foundation (APF). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00918369.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2019.1601437DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Managing costs and care for chronic idiopathic constipation.

Authors:
Dana McCormick

Am J Manag Care 2019 Mar;25(4 Suppl):S63-S69

Director of Pharmacy, Blue Cross Blue Shield of Texas, Richardson, TX. Email:

For decades, chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) has been one of the most common chronic functional gastrointestinal disorders encountered by clinicians. Common comorbidities include depression, diabetes, functional dyspepsia, hypothyroidism, overweight, obesity, and neurological disorders. CIC imposes a large economic burden on the American healthcare system with estimated costs of $1912 to $7522 in 2007 US dollars per patient per year. Read More

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March 2019
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Making it stick: A CURE designed to introduce students to the scientific process and the host response to foreign materials.

Biochem Mol Biol Educ 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Biology, Penn State University, Lehigh Valley, Center Valley, Pennsylvania 18034.

Often overlooked in many molecular cell biology laboratory and cell culture courses, suspension cells represent an important aspect of molecular cell biology and cell culture. Most primary cell cultures and cell lines are adherent cells which grow in monolayers on surfaces. However, other cells such as hematopoietic cells, certain tumor cells, and cells of the immune system are suspension cells which are anchorage-independent which grow and divide in solution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmb.21248DOI Listing

Management of Clostridioides (formerly Clostridium) difficile infection (CDI) in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients: Guidelines from the American Society of Transplantation Community of Practice.

Clin Transplant 2019 Apr 19:e13564. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO.

These updated guidelines from the American Society of Transplantation Infectious Diseases Community of Practice address the prevention and management of Clostridium difficile infection in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. Clostridioides (formerly Clostridium) difficile infection (CDI) is among the most common hospital acquired infections. In SOT recipients the incidence of CDI varies by type and number or organs transplanted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ctr.13564DOI Listing

Vaccination of Solid Organ Transplant Candidates and Recipients: Guidelines from the American Society of Transplantation Infectious Diseases Community of Practice.

Clin Transplant 2019 Apr 19:e13563. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Transplant Infectious Diseases, University Health Network, Toronto, ON.

These updated guidelines of the AST IDCOP review vaccination of solid organ transplant candidates and recipients. General principles of vaccination as well as the use of specific vaccines in this population are discussed. Vaccination should be reviewed in the pre-transplant setting and appropriate vaccines updated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ctr.13563DOI Listing

Genetic Control of Facultative Parthenocarpy in Nicotiana tabacum L.

J Hered 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

North Carolina State University, Department of Crop and Soil Science, Raleigh, NC, USA.

Investigation of parthenocarpy, the production of fruit without fertilization, in multiple plant species could result in development of technologies for conferring seedless fruits and increased stability of fruit formation in economically important plants. We studied parthenocarpy in the model species Nicotiana tabacum L., and observed variability for expression of the trait amongst diverse genetic materials. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jhered/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esz025DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Attitudes towards unions through a generational cohort lens.

J Soc Psychol 2019 ;159(2):190-209

a Carleton University.

Studying a large American union, we report on findings from two studies investigating perceptions of and attitudes towards unions through a generational cohort lens. Study one explores the link between generational cohort and members' perceptions of unions, employing qualitative analysis of 100 interviews: 30 Millennials, 35 Gen X, and 35 Baby Boomers. Analysis determined that union members focus on either ideological or instrumental explanations to support perceptions that their generation was either pro-union or anti-union. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00224545.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2019.1570906DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Treatment with apolipoprotein A1 protects mice against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in a scavenger receptor class B type I dependent manner.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences; and Thrombosis and Atherosclerosis Research Institute, McMaster University, Canada.

Doxorubicin, an agent used to treat a variety of cancers, is cardiotoxic by triggering cardiomyocyte apoptosis. We previously showed that treating cultured cardiomyocytes with human high density lipoprotein in vitro or transgenic overexpression of human apolipoprotein A1, its main structural protein protects against doxorubicin induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis in a manner dependent on the scavenger receptor class B type I [Durham (2018) 314: H31-H44]. This was due to high density lipoprotein induced activation of Akt signaling in cardiomyocytes. Read More

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https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/ajpheart.00432.2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00432.2018DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

CARDIAC INVOLVEMENT IN Beta-THALASSAEMIA: Current treatment strategies.

Postgrad Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

e Department of Medicine , Sultan Qaboos University Hospital , Muscat , Oman.

Despite the advances in the management of thalassaemia major, heart disease remains the leading cause of mortality in patients afflicted with this disorder. Cardiac involvement in thalassaemia encompasses a spectrum of disorders including myocardial dysfunction, arrhythmias, pulmonary hypertension and peripheral vascular disease. Although cardiac siderosis (accumulation of iron in cardiac myocytes) as a consequence of repeated blood transfusions is deemed to be the main aetiologic factor for myocardial dysfunction in transfusion dependent patients, the significance of other pathophysiologic mechanisms is being increasingly recognized especially in non-transfusion dependent patients. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00325481.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00325481.2019.1608071DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHERS AND BIPHENYL IN SERUM - TIME TREND STUDY FROM THE NATIONAL HEALTH AND NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY FOR YEARS 2005/06 THROUGH 2013/14.

Environ Sci Technol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Eleven polybrominated diphenyl ether (tri- to decaBDE) congeners and 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabromobiphenyl (BB153) have been measured in pooled samples from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for one decade (from survey years 2005/06 through 2013/14). The pools, which are representative of the general noninstitutionalized population of the United States, encompassed thirty-two demographic groups defined by sex, race/ethnicity (Mexican American, non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic white, all other race/ethnicities), and age (12-19, >20-39, >40-59, ≥60 years). The adjusted geometric means were determined for the six congeners (BDE28, BDE47, BDE99, BDE100, BDE153, BB153) with detectable concentrations in at least 60% of pools in each of the thirty-two demographic groups; the level of significance for pairwise comparisons thereof were determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b00471DOI Listing

A freshwater analog for the production of Epiphyton-like microfossils.

Geobiology 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Earth and Climate Sciences, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California.

Calcified microbial microfossils-often interpreted as cyanobacteria-were important components of Precambrian and Paleozoic limestones, but their paucity in modern marine environments complicates our ability to make conclusive interpretations about their taxonomic affinity and geologic significance. Freshwater spring-associated limestones (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gbi.12341DOI Listing

American Head and Neck Society Endocrine Surgery Section update on parathyroid imaging for surgical candidates with primary hyperparathyroidism.

Head Neck 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Division of Head and Neck Endocrine Surgery, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Health care consumer organizations and insurance companies increasingly are scrutinizing value when considering reimbursement policies for medical interventions. Recently, members of several American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) committees worked closely with one insurance company to refine reimbursement policies for preoperative localization imaging in patients undergoing surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism. This endeavor led to an AAO-HNS parathyroid imaging consensus statement (https://www. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.25781DOI Listing

Training Pediatric Residents in Literacy Promotion: Residency Directors' Perspectives.

Teach Learn Med 2019 Apr 19:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

a The Department of Pediatrics , Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School , New Brunswick , New Jersey , USA.

Phenomenon: The American Academy of Pediatrics and Canadian Pediatric Society recommend that pediatricians incorporate literacy promotion during well child care, but literacy promotion education during pediatric training remains understudied. We sought to understand how literacy promotion training is currently implemented in pediatric residency programs from the perspective of program directors. Approach: We conducted semistructured interviews with all 9 residency program directors in 1 state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10401334.2019.1598866DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Streamlining Evaluation and Management Payment to Reduce Clinician Burden.

Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2019 Apr;12(4):e005426

American College of Cardiology, Regulatory Affairs, Washington, DC (J.J.V.).

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https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.118.005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.118.005426DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Underlying liver disease and advanced stage liver cancer are associated with elevated neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio.

Clin Mol Hepatol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Cancer Center, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA.

Background/aims: Inflammation-based scores, such as the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), have been associated with prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); but variable cut-off values and potential lack of specificity have limited the utility of NLR. This study evaluates NLR in a large cohort of HCC patients.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 789 HCC cases (1993-2017) for demographics, tumor characteristics, treatment, and survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3350/cmh.2019.0004DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of vitamin D biosynthesis and pathway target genes reveals UGT2A1/2 and EGFR polymorphisms associated with epithelial ovarian cancer in African American Women.

Cancer Med 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

An association between genetic variants in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene and epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) was previously reported in women of African ancestry (AA). We sought to examine associations between genetic variants in VDR and additional genes from vitamin D biosynthesis and pathway targets (EGFR, UGT1A, UGT2A1/2, UGT2B, CYP3A4/5, CYP2R1, CYP27B1, CYP24A1, CYP11A1, and GC). Genotyping was performed using the custom-designed 533,631 SNP Illumina OncoArray with imputation to the 1,000 Genomes Phase 3 v5 reference set in 755 EOC cases, including 537 high-grade serous (HGSOC), and 1,235 controls. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/cam4.1996
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.1996DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

DNA barcoding uncovers extensive cryptic diversity in the African long-fin tetra Bryconalestes longipinnis (Alestidae: Characiformes).

J Fish Biol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Ichthyology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, USA.

To investigate the presence of cryptic diversity in The African longfin-tetra Bryconalestes longipinnis, we employed DNA barcoding in a phylogeographic context, as well as geometric morphometrics, documenting for the first time genetic and body shape variation in the species. Analysis of cytochrome oxidase I gene (coI) sequence variation exposed extremely high levels of genetic differentiation among samples from across the geographic range of the species (up to 18%), certainly much greater than the traditionally employed c. 3% sequence divergence heuristic threshold for conspecifics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfb.13987DOI Listing

Comparative evaluation of risk management frameworks for U.S. source waters.

AWWA Water Sci 2019 Jan-Feb;1(1):e1125. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

The Water Institute Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chapel Hill North Carolina.

The U.S. Safe Drinking Water Act required states to develop source water assessment programs identifying existing and potential contamination sources; however, comprehensive risk prioritization and management approaches for surface water supplies have seen limited application. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/aws2.1125
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aws2.1125DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450437PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Effect of Operative Time on Short-Term Adverse Events After Isolated Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.

Orthop J Sports Med 2019 Feb 19;7(2):2325967118825453. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Background: A longer operative time has been previously recognized as a risk factor for short-term complications after various orthopaedic procedures; however, it has yet to be investigated as an independent risk factor for postoperative complications after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.

Purpose: To identify whether a longer operative time in ACL reconstruction is an independent risk factor for the development of postoperative complications, hospital readmissions, or an extended length of stay within 30 days of the index procedure.

Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967118825453DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454657PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Service-Learning as a Practical Introduction to Undergraduate Public Health: Benefits for Student Outcomes and Accreditation.

Front Public Health 2019 2;7:63. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

The Center for Community Work and Learning, St. Catherine University, St. Paul, MN, United States.

Since the mid-1980s, service-learning has gained recognition as a pedagogical model in higher education with exciting potential for students' academic, civic, and professional development (1). Deemed a high-impact educational practice by the American Association of Colleges and Universities (AAC&U), extant research points to student learning, engagement, and retention benefits from community-based experiences integrated into curriculum (2, 3). Numerous studies have examined best practices for service-learning from varying stakeholder perspectives (faculty, student, and community partner) and disciplines, however, due to the recent development of public health as a major offering in U. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00063
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00063DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454065PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Genome-Wide and Phenotypic Evaluation of Stem Cell Progenitors Derived From -Deficient Murine Lung Adenocarcinoma With Somatic Mutations.

Front Oncol 2019 2;9:207. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

Lung adenocarcinomas (LUADs) with somatic mutations in the oncogene comprise the most common molecular subtype of lung cancer in smokers and present with overall dismal prognosis and resistance to most therapies. Our group recently demonstrated that tobacco carcinogen-exposed mice with knockout of the airway lineage G-protein coupled receptor, , develop LUADs with somatic mutations in . Earlier work has suggested that cancer stem cells (CSCs) play crucial roles in clonal evolution of tumors and in therapy resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2019.00207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454871PMC

Continuous Use of Combined Hormonal Contraceptive and the Effect on Blood Coagulation Factors in Female Capuchin Monkeys ().

Int J Endocrinol 2019 13;2019:2047803. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Laboratory of Neuroscience and Behaviour, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil.

This study aimed at evaluating the availability of the primate as an animal model for research assessing the physiological effects of the continuous use of combined hormonal contraceptives. In order to do this, six reproductively active female from the Primate Research Center of the University of Brasília were selected to take part in this experiment. Every 21 days or so, each female received a single dose of combined hormonal contraceptive (algestone acetophenide and 17-enanthate estradiol) in a total of five doses throughout the experiment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2047803DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436371PMC

Rare Variants Imputation in Admixed Populations: Comparison Across Reference Panels and Bioinformatics Tools.

Front Genet 2019 3;10:239. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States.

Background: Imputation has become a standard approach in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to infer untyped markers. Although feasibility for common variants imputation is well established, we aimed to assess rare and ultra-rare variants' imputation in an admixed Caribbean Hispanic population (CH).

Methods: We evaluated imputation accuracy in CH ( = 1,000), focusing on rare (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2019.00239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456789PMC

The Minimalist Program and the Origin of Language: A View From Paleoanthropology.

Authors:
Ian Tattersall

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:677. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Division of Anthropology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, United States.

In arguing that articulate language is underpinned by an algorithmically simple neural operation, the Minimalist Program (MP) retrodicts that language emerged in a short-term event. Because spoken language leaves no physical traces, its ancient use must be inferred from archeological proxies. These strongly suggest that modern symbolic human behavior patterns - and, by extension, cognition - emerged both abruptly and late in time (subsequent to the appearance of as an anatomical entity some 200 thousand years kyr ago). Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00677
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00677DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454856PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Peritoneal Dialysis Vintage and Glucose Exposure but Not Peritonitis Episodes Drive Peritoneal Membrane Transformation During the First Years of PD.

Front Physiol 2019 2;10:356. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Center for Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

The impact of peritoneal dialysis (PD) associated peritonitis on peritoneal membrane integrity is incompletely understood. Children are particularly suited to address this question, since they are largely devoid of preexisting tissue damage and life-style related alterations. Within the International Peritoneal Biobank, 85 standardized parietal peritoneal tissue samples were obtained from 82 children on neutral pH PD fluids with low glucose degradation product (GDP) content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00356DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455046PMC

Developing Normative Reference Values for Nerve Conduction Studies of Commonly Tested Nerves among a Sample Pakistani Population.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2019 Apr-Jun;10(2):178-184

Department of Neurophysiology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Introduction: Most neurophysiology departments around the world establish their own normative data. However, ethnic differences are not taken into account. Our aim was to establish normal nerve conduction studies (NCS) data for routinely tested nerves in individuals of Pakistani (South Asian) origin and to compare with Western published data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_370_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454950PMC

Asymmetric dynamics of edge exchange spin waves in honeycomb nanoribbons with zigzag and bearded edge boundaries.

Authors:
D Ghader A Khater

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 18;9(1):6290. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Physics, Jan Dlugosz University in Czestochowa, Am. Armii Krajowej 13/15, Czestochowa, Poland.

We report on the theoretical prediction of asymmetric edge spin waves, propagating in opposite directions at the boundaries of antiferromagnetic honeycomb nanoribbons with zigzag and bearded edges. The simultaneous propagation of edge spin waves along the same direction on both edges of the nanoribbons is forbidden. These asymmetric exchange spin waves at the edge boundaries are analogous to the nonreciprocal surface spin waves reported in magnetic thin films. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42742-5DOI Listing

Draft Genome Sequence of Multidrug-Resistant Enterococcus faecium Strain E1298, with a Sequence Type 1274 Profile, Recovered from the Cloacal Microbiome of a Tropical Screech Owl (Megascops choliba) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2019 Apr 18;8(16). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Instituto de Microbiologia Paulo de Góes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Here, we present the draft genome sequence of strain E1298, a representative of the clonal complex 17 (CC17), identified as sequence type 1274 (ST1274) and resistant to multiple classes of antimicrobials, isolated from the cloaca of a tropical screech owl () in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Read More

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http://genomea.asm.org/lookup/doi/10.1128/MRA.00168-19
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00168-19DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Stem Cells and Platelet-Rich Plasma Injections for Advanced Hip and Knee Arthritis: Enthusiasm Outpaces Science.

J Arthroplasty 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

President, American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons, Rush University Medical Center, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2019.03.074DOI Listing

The Patient Acceptable Symptomatic State of the 12-Item International Hip Outcome Tool at 1-Year Follow-Up of Hip-Preservation Surgery.

Arthroscopy 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Peachtree Orthopedics, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A.

Purpose: To determine the patient acceptable symptomatic state (PASS) cutoff score for the 12-item International Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-12) for patients after hip-preservation surgery.

Methods: A multicenter hip arthroscopy registry containing deidentified patient data was analyzed to discriminate patients who achieved satisfactory results from patients who did not. Patients eligible for inclusion in the study were between 18 and 75 years of age, consented to undergo elective hip arthroscopy, and completed preoperative patient-reported outcome questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2018.11.072DOI Listing
April 2019
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Midterm Outcomes of Iliopsoas Fractional Lengthening for Internal Snapping as a Part of Hip Arthroscopy for Femoroacetabular Impingement and Labral Tear: A Matched Control Study.

Arthroscopy 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

American Hip Institute, Westmont, Illinois, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Purpose: To report minimum 5-year outcomes and rate of painful snapping resolution for patients who underwent iliopsoas fractional lengthening (IFL) as a part of hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and labral tear. In addition, to match this group to a group of patients who underwent hip arthroscopy for FAI and labral tear without internal snapping.

Methods: Patients were eligible for inclusion if they underwent hip arthroscopy for treatment of FAI and labral tear with concomitant IFL for painful snapping and had preoperative baseline scores for modified Harris Hip Score, Nonarthritic Hip Score, Hip Outcome Score-Sports Subscale, and visual analog scale for pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2018.11.050DOI Listing

Readability, content, quality and accuracy assessment of internet-based patient education materials relating to labor analgesia.

Int J Obstet Anesth 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Section of Obstetric Anesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, USA.

Background: With over 90% of parturients searching the internet for health information, the quality of information is important. Web-based patient education materials (PEMs) related to labor analgesia are frequently of low readability. This study compares the readability, content, quality and accuracy of labor analgesia-related PEMs from relevant healthcare society websites and the top internet search results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijoa.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019

Comparative analysis of protein composition and digestibility of Ceratonia siliqua L. and Prosopis spp. seed germ flour.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 21;120:188-195. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos (CIDCA - UNLP - CONICET), Calle 47 y 116, 1900 La Plata, Argentina.

By virtue of exclusive nutrient composition and nutritional properties, seed germ flours from both European carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) and South American algarrobo (Prosopis alba and Prosopis nigra) or vinal (Prosopis ruscifolia) have potential as a high nutritional value and health-promoting ingredient for food formulations. In order to define their compositional and functional properties, we investigated the germ protein content of carob compared to the P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.02.035DOI Listing

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in clinical practice.

Indian Heart J 2019 Jan - Feb;71(1):91-97. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Dharma Vira Heart Center, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi 110060, India. Electronic address:

Being one of the most widely prevalent diseases throughout the world, hypertension has emerged as one of the leading causes of global premature morbidity and mortality. Hence, blood pressure (BP) measurements are essential for physicians in the diagnosis and management of hypertension. Current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines recommend initiating antihypertensive medications on the basis of office BP readings. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00194832183057
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.11.015DOI Listing
November 2018
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Reducing the cardiovascular disease burden for people of all ages in the Americas region: analysis of mortality data, 2000-15.

Lancet Glob Health 2019 May;7(5):e604-e612

Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC, USA.

Background: In accordance with the age parameters specified in Sustainable Development Goal target 3.4, current policy and monitoring of non-communicable disease (NCD) mortality trends focus on people aged 30-69 years. This approach excludes the majority of NCD deaths, which occur at older ages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(19)30069-5DOI Listing

Population attributable fractions for risk factors for dementia in low-income and middle-income countries: an analysis using cross-sectional survey data.

Lancet Glob Health 2019 May;7(5):e596-e603

Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Nine potentially modifiable risk factors (less childhood education, midlife hearing loss, hypertension, and obesity, and later-life smoking, depression, physical inactivity, social isolation, and diabetes) account for 35% of worldwide dementia, but most data to calculate these risk factors come from high-income countries only. We aimed to calculate population attributable fractions (PAFs) for dementia in selected low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) to identify potential dementia prevention targets in these countries.

Methods: The study was an analysis of cross-sectional data obtained from the 10/66 Dementia Research surveys of representative populations in India, China, and six Latin America countries (Cuba, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela), which used identical risk factor ascertainment methods in each country. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2214109X193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(19)30074-9DOI Listing
May 2019
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Direct oral anticoagulants in treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis: a systematic review protocol.

Syst Rev 2019 Apr 18;8(1):99. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa and The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, 1053 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, ON, K1Y 4E9, Canada.

Background And Purpose: Cerebral venous thrombosis causes disability from venous infarct and hemorrhage and potential mortality. Anticoagulation improves survival and disability outcomes, yet direct oral anticoagulants are currently not indicated in cerebral venous thrombosis due to lack of evidence, despite being on the market for nearly a decade. This systematic review will collate evidence of reported safety and efficacy of direct oral anticoagulant therapy in cerebral venous thrombosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13643-019-1022-8DOI Listing

Sorted Golden-step phase encoding: an improved Golden-step imaging technique for cardiac and respiratory self-gated cine cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging.

J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 2019 Apr 18;21(1):23. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 720 Rutland Ave, Suite 726 Ross Building, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Background: Numerous self-gated cardiac imaging techniques have been reported in the literature. Most can track either cardiac or respiratory motion, and many incur some overhead to imaging data acquisition. We previously described a Cartesian cine imaging technique, pseudo-projection motion tracking with golden-step phase encoding, capable of tracking both cardiac and respiratory motion at no cost to imaging data acquisition. Read More

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https://jcmr-online.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1296
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12968-019-0533-8DOI Listing
April 2019
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Twelve tips for developing and implementing a medical education Twitter chat.

Med Teach 2019 Apr 18:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

g Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine , Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center , Boston , MA , USA.

Live discussions on the social media site Twitter or Twitter chats are gaining popularity as powerful tools for engaging a broad audience in an interactive discussion. Medical education, in particular, is experiencing an increase in the use of this modality to support informal learning, as a means to encourage collaboration and share best practices, and as a platform for large-scale mentorship. Despite this growth in popularity, there are limited data to guide medical educators on the fundamentals of organizing a Twitter chat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2019.1598553DOI Listing