3,548 results match your criteria American Journal Of Pharmaceutical Education[Journal]


Pilot Evaluation of Generation Rx Ambassadors Virtual Training to Prepare Students for Medication Safety Outreach.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 May 10:8945. Epub 2022 May 10.

Ohio State University, College of Pharmacy, Columbus, Ohio.

To describe the creation of a virtual training program () and evaluate a pilot offering's impact on knowledge and perceived abilities in delivering Generation Rx medication safety outreach. Generation Rx (GenRx) is a prevention education program used by student pharmacists to teach safe medication practices in the community. an asynchronous virtual course, was developed to train facilitators toward best-practice GenRx delivery. Read More

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Examining Validity for the Pharmacy Affective Domain-Situational Judgment Test (PAD-S).

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 May 10:8932. Epub 2022 May 10.

Notre Dame of Maryland University, School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, Maryland.

With the integration of the affective domain in the pharmacy accreditation standards, it is important for programs to have methods for formatively assessing student competency in these areas. The objective of this study was to examine the validity evidence for a recently developed situational judgment test (SJT) to assess the affective domain contained in the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) Standards 2016. After pilot testing items in multiple pharmacy schools, a revised 15 item SJT instrument was developed measuring the affective domain as it relates to the pharmacy profession: the Pharmacy Affective Domain SJT (PAD-S). Read More

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Oral Care Habits, Awareness and Knowledge on Oral Health: A Sample of Pharmacy Students.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 May 2:9104. Epub 2022 May 2.

Hacettepe University Faculty of Pharmacy, Altindag, Ankara Turkey.

It was aimed to evaluate and reveal oral care habits, awareness and knowledge on oral dental health of a group of pharmacy students. Ethical approval and the mandatory formal permissions were obtained. The data were gathered via an e-questionnaire from the students of a Pharmacy Faculty. Read More

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Best Practices in Syllabus Design.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Apr 29:8995. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, College of Pharmacy, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

The syllabus is the cornerstone for directing faculty and student interaction within the didactic and experiential settings. Within each syllabus is both essential and optional information to guide students, faculty, and administration in course expectations, as well as how the course aligns within current curricular requirements to maintain program accreditation. Most syllabi contain a plethora of information that continues to grow each year, warranting concerns of syllabus bloat combined with dwindling student attention to syllabus detail. Read More

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An Update on the Progress Toward Gender Equity in US Academic Pharmacy.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Apr 28:8962. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Arlington, Virginia.

To evaluate the status of gender equity in US pharmacy education since the two previous publications in 2004 and 2014. Data were gathered from existing national databases, internal American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) databases, AACP meeting minutes, published reports, scholarly articles, pharmacy association websites, individual school websites, and LinkedIn profiles. Differences between men and women were evaluated on degree completion, discipline, rank, tenure status, research, leadership development, leadership positions, salaries, and professional awards. Read More

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Assessing the Impact of a Personal Finance Elective Course on Student Attitudes and Intentions.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Apr 27:8942. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Auburn University, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn, Alabama.

To address the need for personal finance education in our school of pharmacy, a finance elective was developed to help students make well-informed choices related to student loan repayment, budgeting, and planning for retirement. Personal finance education could be beneficial to help students improve their future financial wellbeing. Mixed methods research design was used to determine the impact of the course. Read More

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Baseline Assessment of Systemic Racism Education in Pharmacy Curricula.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Apr 25:9028. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Editorial Board Member, American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, Arlington, Virginia.

To determine, by survey, the inclusion of systemic racism (SR) education in US Doctor of Pharmacy curricula and identify barriers and facilitators to addressing this content. A survey was developed and distributed to curricular representatives at US colleges and schools of pharmacy (COP/SOPs). The survey assessed inclusion of SR education in curricula, faculty involvement in teaching SR content, barriers to adding SR content in curricula, and future curricular plans. Read More

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Gaps and Opportunities for Faculty Workload Policies in Pharmacy and Health Professions Education.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Apr 25:9012. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Marshall University, School of Pharmacy, Huntington, West Virginia.

Faculty workload is difficult to delineate and quantify equitably because of the various factors and diverse roles that define faculty positions. This is especially true in the health professions education including pharmacy. Nonetheless, ensuring fair and transparent distribution of faculty workload is necessary for equity and engagement of faculty workforce. Read More

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Lecture Capture is the New Standard of Practice in Pharmacy Education.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Apr 25:8997. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Chicago State University, College of Pharmacy, Chicago, Illinois.

The desire and need for remote access to education dramatically increased during the coronavirus pandemic, and it is only a question of which changes will remain in the future. Programs have begun to review changes and approaches that should be continued. This commentary advocates that the use of lecture capture (LC) as an instructional delivery strategy, is no longer just a supplement to learning, but is now a standard of practice in health professions education. Read More

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Differences In Multiple-Choice Questions of Opposite Stem Orientations Based On A Novel Item Quality Measure.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Apr 25:8934. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

High Point University, Fred Wilson School of Pharmacy, High Point, North Carolina

To determine whether there are differences in the performance and quality of multiple-choice items with opposite stem orientations (positive or negative), based on a novel item quality measure and conventional psychometric parameters. A retrospective study was conducted on multiple-choice assessment items in professional years 2 and 3 for Pharmacotherapy and related courses administered between August 2018 and December 2019. Conventional psychometric parameters (difficulty and discrimination indices), average response time, non-functional distractor percentage, and a novel measure of item quality of negatively worded items (NWIs) were compared with those of control, positively worded items (PWIs) (N=103 each). Read More

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Taking Action Towards Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion in the Pharmacy Curriculum and Continuing Professional Development.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Apr 25:8902. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

University of Florida, College of Pharmacy, Gainesville, Florida

Increased awareness of social injustices and inequities highlight the relevance and importance of diversity, equity, inclusion, and accessibility (DEIA) in health care. Former and recent graduates of pharmacy schools remain deficient in their knowledge of DEIA topics such as unconscious bias, which can directly influence health outcomes in an undesirable manner. Particular DEIA areas that are pertinent to pharmacy practice include: race, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, ability status, religion, socioeconomic status, and political beliefs. Read More

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Measuring Empathy in Iranian Pharmacy Students: Using The Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Profession Students.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Apr 25:8687. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Tehran University of Medical Science, Pharmaceutical Management and Economics Research Center, Tehran, Iran.

To assess validity of the Farsi-translated version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Profession Students (JSE-HPS) and measure the empathy score among the Iranian pharmacy students. The JSE-HPS questionnaire was administered to 504 Iranian pharmacy students in 2019. The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) were utilized to explore the underlying components and construct validity. Read More

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Death, Taxes, and Tuition Increases.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Apr 13:9068. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

University of Maryland, School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, Maryland

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Lessons from Using Design Thinking to Develop the 2021 AACP Teacher's Seminar.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Apr 8:8990. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

The University of North Carolina, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

To describe and evaluate how a design thinking approach aided the creation of the 2021 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) Teacher's Seminar The design thinking framework (ie, inspiration, ideation, and implementation) was used to structure the seminar development process from July 2020 to July 2021. Nine committee members engaged in a persona activity (ie, inspiration), a brainstorming activity (ie, ideation), and a prototyping activity (ie, implementation) to create a user-centered learning experience. Twenty-five small group facilitators were then recruited to create and deliver breakout session content. Read More

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Frequency of Course Remediation and the Effect on NAPLEX Pass Rates.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Apr 8:8894. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, Illinois.

Remediation is a tool which allows students to correct an academic deficiency after earning an unsatisfactory grade. There is a lack of data on remediation processes and its impact on future academic performance. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of remediation frequency on NAPLEX performance. Read More

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Pre-Pharmacy Advising: Considerations for Increasing the PharmD Pipeline, Encouraging Student Success, and Supporting the Underserved.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Apr 4:8854. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

University of Georgia, College of Pharmacy, Athens, Georgia.

Academic advising for pre-pharmacy students lacks best practice recommendations specific to the pharmacy profession. When considering contemporary challenges in pharmacy education, adoption of high-quality advising approaches will likely have a positive influence on professional school enrollment, general student success, and educational access for the traditionally underserved. As pre-health academic advising is an important component of student professional development, standardizing best-practice strategies in and around pharmacy programs will "[strengthen] the pharmacy pipeline" and "[raise] the profile of pharmacy" as stated in the 2021-2024 Strategic Plan Priorities, Goals and Objectives issued by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP). Read More

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Ethical Decision-Making in the Pharmacists' Patient Care Process.

Authors:
Brian L Erstad

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Mar 11;86(3):8655. Epub 2021 May 11.

University of Arizona, College of Pharmacy, Tucson, Arizona

The intent of the Pharmacists' Patient Care Process (PPCP) is to provide a comprehensive approach to team-based, comprehensive patient-centered care. Consideration of potential ethical issues is a necessary component of comprehensive care provision and is a requirement of accreditation standards, but there is no specific mention of ethics in any of the phases of the PPCP. A more explicit incorporation of ethical decision-making into the PPCP should help faculty involved in teaching ethics and students who need to incorporate ethical considerations into the PPCP to provide optimal patient care. Read More

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An Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience in a University's Office of Experiential Education.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Mar 23;86(3):8429. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

North Dakota State University, College of Health Professions, Fargo, North Dakota

The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) requires pharmacy students to complete 1440 hours of advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs). The majority of all APPE hours should be in direct patient care; however, non-patient care electives can also help to prepare students to become practice ready as well as allow them to explore areas of interest. Many pharmacy schools offer elective academic rotations, but an office of experiential education (OEE) academic rotation offers a unique academic elective. Read More

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A Call to Action for a Programmatic Approach to Addressing Health Disparities and Cultural Competency in Pharmacy Education.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Mar 16;86(3):8412. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Creighton University, School of Pharmacy and Health Professions, Omaha, Nebraska.

Pharmacy has recognized the importance of education in health disparities and cultural competency (HDCC) for two decades. More recently, there has been emphasis on incorporating equity, diversity, and inclusion (EDI) in pharmacy programs. While many institutions identify a need to incorporate a programmatic approach to HDCC education to meet the growing needs of a diverse population, pharmacy curricula continue to lack a holistic, programmatic approach. Read More

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Reaching Your Top Talent Destination: Insights on Chairing a Search Committee.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Mar 30:8973. Epub 2022 Mar 30.

University of Colorado, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, Colorado.

Faculty members in academic roles are often called upon to serve as chair of a search committee. This can be both an important and challenging role. Many faculty members may not have previous experience with search comittees or have undergone formal search committee training. Read More

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The Need for Quality Assessment of Entrustable Professional Activities in Pharmacy Education.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Mar 29:9039. Epub 2022 Mar 29.

University of Illinois Chicago, College of Pharmacy, Chicago, Illinois.

Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) are specific tasks that a professional is entrusted to perform autonomously and, together, define the scope of a profession. There are specific attributes that a task must possess both structurally and conceptually to be classified as an EPA. A high-quality EPA must be an observable, measurable, and professional task that requires training to execute, is fit for entrustment, and can be performed independently. Read More

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A Survey of Pandemic Impacts on Pharmacy Residency Applications, Interviews, and Selection Factors.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Mar 29:8954. Epub 2022 Mar 29.

University of Kentucky, College of Pharmacy, Lexington, Kentucky

To assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pharmacy residency application/interview processes, match rate, and factors influencing match rankings at a single college of pharmacy In Spring of 2020 and 2021, an anonymous survey of professional year four (PY4) residency applicants at one college of pharmacy was administered. Survey responses were compared to explore trends in showcase participation, number/type/geographic dispersion of applications submitted, interview invitations, grade point average (GPA), research experience, and match rate. A thematic analysis evaluated common factors influencing match rankings. Read More

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A Large-Scale Multicentre Study of Academic Resilience and Wellbeing in Pharmacy Education.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Mar 25:8998. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Health care students are at particular risk of stress and exposure to adverse events, negatively affecting wellbeing and performance and leading to increased attrition. Academic resilience (AR) has been identified as one factor helping mitigate such negative effects in students. Despite this, there is limited research exploring the topic in pharmacy education. Read More

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Do PharmD Graduates Have the Essential Competencies For Innovative Practices?

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Mar 24:9100. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Roosevelt University, College of Science Health & Pharmacy, Schaumburg, Illinois

As the pharmacy profession continues to evolve from product-orientation to patient-centered, pharmacy programs have been transitioning from a traditional pharmacy curriculum to a competency-based education (CBE) pedagogy. CBE has been developed to instill the required clinical competencies in graduates to better meet the contemporary role of pharmacists in accordance with the latest scientific knowledge and evidence-based in an ever-evolving health care landscape. Pharmacists-led services resulted in optimizing pharmaceutical care and improving patients' economic, clinical, and humanistic outcomes (ECHO). Read More

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Feeding the Soul via Creation of a Suborganization to Promote a Sense of Community.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Mar 22:8927. Epub 2022 Mar 22.

University of Mississippi, School of Pharmacy, Jackson, Mississippi.

Pharmacy faculty commonly report feeling stressed, overwhelmed, exhausted, and burnt out. Women may be disproportionally impacted by personal and professional demands. The purpose of this commentary is to describe one mechanism for creating a suborganization (Circle) that establishes a supportive community to combat burnout and promote professional fulfillment. Read More

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An Introductory Over-The-Counter Simulation For First-Year Pharmacy Students Using A Virtual Pharmacy.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Mar 21:8940. Epub 2022 Mar 21.

Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Pharmacy, Richmond, Virginia.

First-year pharmacy students at two institutions were required to complete a virtual over-the-counter (OTC) simulation during their community pharmacy practice skills laboratory course. The simulation was designed to introduce first-year pharmacy students to OTC product selection and consultation prior to didactic coursework and community introductory pharmacy practice experiences. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of the OTC simulation on students' knowledge and confidence of OTC medications and overall perceptions of the activity. Read More

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Effects of Resilience and Wellness Behaviors on Burnout and Academic Performance Among First-Year Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Mar 18:9022. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

University of Maryland, School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, Maryland.

To determine if students' levels of resilience and self-reported wellness behaviors predict burnout and grade point average (GPA) at the end of the first fall semester of the COVID-19 pandemic. We measured first-year students' resilience, burnout (exhaustion and disengagement), and self-reported wellness behaviors (sleep, nutrition, social time, and self-care activities) at the beginning and end of the fall 2020 semester of pharmacy school. We also collected students' demographic information and obtained end-of-semester GPA from their academic records. Read More

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An Evaluation of Non-Academic Predictors of Success in a Doctor of Pharmacy Program.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Mar 18:8924. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Jerry H. Hodge School of Pharmacy, Lubbock, Texas.

Pharmacy programs have struggled to predict who will be successful in their programs based solely on cognitive skills. The primary objective of this study was to determine which, if any, non-academic factors are associated with on-time progression within the school of pharmacy (SOP) curriculum. A survey was developed and offered to all Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Jerry H. Read More

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Pharmacy Student Perceptions and Knowledge of Online Pharmacy Use.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Mar 16:8933. Epub 2022 Mar 16.

Butler University, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Currently, there is no set of standards for integrating the dangers of online pharmacies into Doctor of Pharmacy (DoP) curricula. As a result, many pharmacists are unable to recognize the differences between a legal and illegal online pharmacy, or educate patients on the dangers of online pharmacies. The objective of this study was to assess gaps in student pharmacist knowledge, and the impact of adding education on online pharmacies in DoP programs. Read More

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