Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2022 May 7. Epub 2022 May 7.
Department of Oral Medical Technology, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
Introduction: The assessment of forces and moments generated by fully customized lingual appliances and their effectiveness in tooth movement were compared with conventional labial bracket systems, applied to a specific malocclusion model.
Methods: Two fully customized lingual appliances (Incognito [3M Unitek, Monrovia, Calif] and WiN [DW Lingual Systems, Bad Essen, Germany]) and 2 labial bracket systems (Discovery classic and Discovery smart [Dentaurum, Ispringen, Germany]) were examined with nickel-titanium wires of different cross-sections (0.012, 0. Read More