371,612 results match your criteria American Journal Of Mathematics[Journal]


Comparative Analysis on the Effects of Sarcopenia following Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Retrospective Matched-Control Analysis.

J Knee Surg 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Orthopaedic Research Department, Holy Cross Orthopaedic Research Institute, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida.

Despite the high incidence of sarcopenia in the orthopaedic community, studies evaluating the influence of sarcopenia following primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are limited. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine if sarcopenic patients undergoing primary TKA have higher rates of (1) in-hospital lengths of stay (LOS); (2) medical complications; (3) implant-related complications; (4) fall risk; (5) lower extremity fracture risk; and (6) costs of care. Sarcopenia patients were matched to controls in a 1:5 ratio according to age, sex, and medical comorbidities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1713355DOI Listing

Long-Term Outcome of Surgical Management in Symptomatic Pediatric Vertebral Hemangiomas Presenting With Myelopathy.

Neurosurgery 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Vertebral hemangiomas are benign, highly vascular lesions of the vertebra, rarely seen in the pediatric age group.

Objective: To analyze the long-term (>3 yr) outcome of patients of pediatric vertebral hemangioma presenting with myelopathy and to describe our surgical strategy to treat such cases.

Methods: All patients up to 18 yr of age with a symptomatic vertebral hemangioma treated at our hospital from May 2003 to August 2016, with at least 3-yr follow-up were included. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyaa273DOI Listing

The smart use of smartphones in pediatrics.

Authors:
Susan Solecki

J Pediatr Nurs 2020 Jun 26;55:6-9. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Drexel University, College of Nursing and Health Professions, 915 Three Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19102, United States of America. Electronic address:

The problematic overuse of electronic devices, in particular smartphones, is negatively affecting the lives of American youth. Cell phone technology has advanced its capabilities with smartphones to now easily provide children and teens with endless access to the internet, social media, and other online activities. Research is showing that addictive, smart phone activities of youth in their formative years is directly impacting their wellbeing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2020.06.001DOI Listing

Nutritional deficiency and placenta calcification underlie constitutive, selective embryo loss in pregnant South American plains vizcacha, Lagostomus maximus (Rodentia, Caviomorpha).

Theriogenology 2020 Jun 7;155:77-87. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Centro de Estudios Biomédicos Básicos, Aplicados y Desarrollo (CEBBAD), Universidad Maimónides, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina. Electronic address:

Plains vizcacha females are able to ovulate up to 800 oocytes per estrus cycle. However, just 10-12 embryos are implanted and only two of them, those located nearest the cervix, are gestated to term. Between 26 and 70 days post-coitum, a constitutive resorption occurs from the embryos located proximal to the ovary, extending progressively toward those distally implanted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2020.06.003DOI Listing

Pesticide lifecycle management in agriculture and public health: Where are the gaps?

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 30;742:140598. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Pesticide lifecycle management encompasses a range of elements from legislation, regulation, manufacturing, application, risk reduction, monitoring, and enforcement to disposal of pesticide waste. A survey was conducted in 2017-2018 to describe the contemporary global status of pesticide lifecycle management, to identify where the gaps are found. A three-tiered questionnaire was distributed to government entities in 194 countries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140598DOI Listing

Current trauma care system in Saudi Arabia: A scoping literature review.

Accid Anal Prev 2020 Jul 3;144:105653. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Alfred Health Clinical School, La Trobe University, Prahran, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Trauma is one of the leading causes of death worldwide with millions of people dying each year, particularly in low or middle-income countries. This paper describes and evaluates the current trauma system (TS) in Saudi Arabia (SA).

Methods: A scoping literature review was performed, incorporating an extensive search of Medline and Embase databases for refereed literature, as well as a search of grey literature to locate unpublished articles or reports in English or Arabic. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2020.105653DOI Listing

Presentation of intestinal malrotation and midgut volvulus in adults: Case report & literature review.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 Jun 20;73:27-30. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address:

Introduction: Malrotation is considered a newborn disease. This case report sheds light on the rare, but possible late presentation of malrotation in adulthood, which if missed, can leave the patient in a detrimental state.

Presentation Of Case: 28-year-old female presented in critical state with acute abdomen. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2020.06.066DOI Listing

Characterization of a novel alphabaculovirus isolated from the Southern armyworm, Spodoptera eridania (Cramer, 1782) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and the evolution of odv-e66, a bacterium-acquired baculoviral chondroitinase gene.

Genomics 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Laboratory of Insect Virology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

The Southern armyworm Spodoptera eridania (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is native to the American tropics and a polyphagous pest of several crops. Here we characterized a novel alphabaculovirus isolated from S. eridania, isolate Spodoptera eridania nucleopolyhedrivurus CNPSo-165 (SperNPV-CNPS(o-165). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygeno.2020.06.047DOI Listing

Effects of 17β-estradiol on early gonadal development and expression of genes implicated in sexual differentiation of a South American teleost, Astyanax altiparanae.

Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 2020 Jul 3:110467. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Reproductive and Molecular Biology Group, Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biosciences, São Paulo State University, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Gonadal sex differentiation in teleost fish shows greater plasticity as compared to other vertebrates, as it can be influenced by a variety of factors such as exogenous sex steroids. Exogenous estrogens, such as 17β-estradiol (E2), can induce feminization when administered during early embryonic development. However, the mechanisms underlying the E2-induced feminization are not fully understood, especially in Neotropical species. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2020.110467DOI Listing

Anti-amoebic potential of azole scaffolds and nanoparticles against pathogenic Acanthamoeba.

Acta Trop 2020 Jul 3:105618. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Biology, Chemistry and Environmental Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah 26666, United Arab Emirates.

Acanthamoeba spp. are free living amoeba (FLA) which are widely distributed in nature. They are opportunistic parasites and can cause severe infections to the eye, skin and central nervous system. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105618DOI Listing

Surprise Medical Billing: Compelling Need to Address Uncertainty, Anxiety, and Financial Peril for Patients.

Circulation 2020 Jul 6;142(1):e1-e2. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Federal Advocacy, American Heart Association, Washington, DC (J.T.R.).

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.120.049207DOI Listing

Clinical Benefits, Harms, and Cost-Effectiveness of Breast Cancer Screening for Survivors of Childhood Cancer Treated With Chest Radiation: A Comparative Modeling Study.

Ann Intern Med 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, Massachusetts (N.K.S.).

Background: Surveillance with annual mammography and breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is recommended for female survivors of childhood cancer treated with chest radiation, yet benefits, harms, and costs are uncertain.

Objective: To compare the benefits, harms, and cost-effectiveness of breast cancer screening strategies in childhood cancer survivors.

Design: Collaborative simulation modeling using 2 Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Modeling Network breast cancer models. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/M19-3481DOI Listing

Trends in Clinical Practice Research in ASHA Journals: 2008-2018.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2020 Jul 6:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of South Florida, Tampa.

Purpose Despite the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's (ASHA's) endorsement of evidence-based practice (EBP) and speech-language pathologists' (SLPs') agreement on the importance of EBP, practicing clinicians report barriers to implementing EBP. The purpose of this study was to examine trends in clinical practice research published in ASHA journals over the past 11 years (2008-2018). Method A total of 2,483 articles from the ; ; were extracted for coding. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2020_AJSLP-19-00011DOI Listing

Nonoperating room anesthesia for children.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2020 Aug;33(4):584-588

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, The University of Pennsylvania and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Nonoperating room anesthesia (NORA) cases performed in pediatric patients have increased over the past decade. It is imperative for the anesthesia provider to be familiar with the nuances of this environment and the myriad of cases to ensure delivery of safe and efficient care.

Recent Findings: Though case volume has increased, sedative agents have largely remained unchanged. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACO.0000000000000880DOI Listing

Progressive Multiple Sclerosis.

Authors:
Samia J Khoury

Ann Neurol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ana.25802DOI Listing

Comparative analysis of tests used to assess sperm chromatin integrity and DNA fragmentation.

Andrologia 2020 Jul 6:e13718. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

American Center for Reproductive Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Male infertility has a complex etiology, and many times, the cause is unknown. While routine semen analysis provides an overview of basic semen parameters, such as sperm concentration, motility, viability and morphology, a significant overlap of these parameters has been reported in fertile and infertile men. Moreover, conventional semen parameters do not reveal the cellular or molecular mechanisms of sperm dysfunctions leading to infertility. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/and.13718DOI Listing

Perspectives on Urinary Tract Infection and Race.

Authors:
Sara H Goza

JAMA Pediatr 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

American Academy of Pediatrics, Itasca, Illinois.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1165DOI Listing

Integrating Health Technologies in Health Services for Syrian Refugees in Lebanon: Qualitative Study.

J Med Internet Res 2020 Jul 6;22(7):e14283. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Center for Research on Population and Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Lebanon currently hosts around one million Syrian refugees. There has been an increasing interest in integrating eHealth and mHealth technologies into the provision of primary health care to refugees and Lebanese citizens.

Objective: We aimed to gain a deeper understanding of the potential for technology integration in primary health care provision in the context of the protracted Syrian refugee crisis in Lebanon. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/14283DOI Listing

The Use of Social Media to Increase the Impact of Health Research: Systematic Review.

J Med Internet Res 2020 Jul 6;22(7):e15607. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Academics in all disciplines increasingly use social media to share their publications on the internet, reaching out to different audiences. In the last few years, specific indicators of social media impact have been developed (eg, Altmetrics), to complement traditional bibliometric indicators (eg, citation count and h-index). In health research, it is unclear whether social media impact also translates into research impact. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/15607DOI Listing

Impact of the Seated Height to Stature Ratio on Torso Segment Parameters.

Ergonomics 2020 Jul 6:1-21. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Ergonomic modelling programs such as the Three Dimensional Static Strength Prediction Program (3DSSPP) are valuable tools for assessing strength capabilities and risk assessment. These tools rely on accurate, representative inputs in the form of body segment parameters (BSPs). The upcoming version of 3DSSPP will employ BSPs for the torso, split into thoracic, lumbar, and pelvis segments in order to more precisely determine spinal forces and injury risks. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2020.1792560DOI Listing

Racial disparities and outcomes of left ventricular assist device implantation as a bridge to heart transplantation.

ESC Heart Fail 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Aims: This study investigated outcomes after continuous flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation as bridge to heart transplantation (BTT) in advanced heart failure patients stratified by race.

Methods And Results: De-identified data from the United Network for Organ Sharing database was obtained for all patients who had a CF-LVAD as BTT from 2008 to 2018. Patients were stratified into four groups on the basis of ethnicity [Caucasian, African American (AA), Hispanic, and others (Asian, Pacific Islanders, and American Indian)]. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ehf2.12866DOI Listing

The Relationship Between Severe Visual Acuity Loss, Traumatic Brain Injuries, and Ocular Injuries in American Service Members From 2001 to 2015.

Mil Med 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Wilmer Eye Institute Johns Hopkins Hospital Wilmer B29 @ Johns Hopkins Hospital, 600 N. Wolfe St., Baltimore, MD 21287.

Introduction: Although traumatic brain injury (TBI) is known to cause many visual problems, the correlation between the extent of severe visual acuity loss (SVAL) and severity of TBI has not been widely explored. In this retrospective analysis, combined information from Department of Defense (DoD)/Veterans Affairs ocular injury and TBI repositories were used to evaluate the relationship between chronic SVAL, TBI, ocular injuries, and associated ocular sequelae for U.S. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usaa154DOI Listing

Endovascular technique simulator for Neuroradiology learning.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Centro Universitário Christus, Fortaleza CE, Brazil.

Background: Vascular cerebral infarction (or stroke) is recognized as the third leading cause of death worldwide, and acute arterial occlusion comprises the main mechanism underlying ischemic stroke. Cerebrovascular diseases are treated by intracranial endovascular interventions employing minimally invasive intravascular techniques, such as neuroimaging. Conducting practical training in this area is a necessary task since patient safety is a considerably significant factor. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X20200028DOI Listing

The Development of the Measure of Adolescent Relationship Harassment and Abuse (MARSHA): Input From Black and Multiracial, Latinx, Native American, and LGBTQ+ Youth.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 5:886260520936367. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Oregon Health Science University - Portland State University, School of Public Health, OR, USA.

This formative research study was designed to collect opinion data from adolescents historically underrepresented in adolescent dating abuse (ADA) research measure development. Eight in-person focus groups and 7 telephone-based one-on-one interviews were conducted with U.S. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520936367DOI Listing

Current Practice Diagnosing Brain Death Is Not Consistent With Legal Statutes Requiring the Absence of All Brain Function.

J Intensive Care Med 2020 Jul 6:885066620939037. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Medical Ethics in Medicine, Joan and Sanford I. Weill Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.

The legal standard for the determination of death by neurologic criteria in the United States is laid out in the Uniform Determination of Death Act (UDDA), which requires the irreversible cessation of all functions of the entire brain. Most other nations endorse a "whole-brain" standard as well. However, current practice in the determination of death by neurologic criteria is not consistent with this legal standard, because some patients who are diagnosed as brain-dead, in fact retain some brain function, or retain the capacity for the return of some brain function. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0885066620939037DOI Listing

Cognitive behavioral therapy for menopausal symptoms.

Authors:
M S Hunter

Climacteric 2020 Jul 6:1-6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, Guy's Campus, London, UK.

This article describes cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for women with problematic menopausal symptoms, and provides the evidence from clinical trials of women going through the menopause, women with breast cancer treatment-induced symptoms and women with problematic symptoms in a work context. The CBT focus is primarily on vasomotor symptoms (VMS) but it also targets stress, low mood and sleep problems. CBT is a brief therapy (four to six sessions) that is theory- and evidence-based; it is acceptable to women and effectively reduces the impact of VMS, improves sleep and has benefits to quality of life. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13697137.2020.1777965DOI Listing

Hematological Cancer Patient-Caregiver Dyadic Communication: A longitudinal examination of cancer communication concordance.

Psychooncology 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

VCU School of Medicine Health Behavior and Policy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Objective: Informal caregivers play a fundamental role in care and decision making with hematological cancer patients. Concordant patient-caregiver communication is a critical antecedent to high quality decision making. Little is known about patterns of dyadic communication throughout the cancer treatment continuum. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pon.5458DOI Listing

COVID stress syndrome: Concept, structure, and correlates.

Depress Anxiety 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Background: Research shows that the COVID Stress Scales have a robust multifactorial structure, representing five correlated facets of COVID-19-related distress: (a) Fear of the dangerousness of COVID-19, which includes fear of coming into contact with fomites potentially contaminated with SARSCoV2, (b) worry about socioeconomic costs of COVID-19 (e.g., worry about personal finances and disruption in the supply chain), (c) xenophobic fears that foreigners are spreading SARSCoV2, (d) traumatic stress symptoms associated with direct or vicarious traumatic exposure to COVID-19 (nightmares, intrusive thoughts, or images related to COVID-19), and (e) COVID-19-related compulsive checking and reassurance seeking. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.23071DOI Listing

Relationship between specific temporomandibular disorders and impaired upper neck performance.

Eur J Oral Sci 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

The School of Dental Medicine, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Upper neck impairments are more prevalent in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) but the differences between specific types of TMDs are unclear. This study evaluated the distribution of such impairments among different forms of TMD. In total, 116 participants (86 women and 30 men, age range 21-75 yr) were investigated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eos.12718DOI Listing

Epidemiology of Polypodium hydriforme in American Paddlefish.

J Fish Dis 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation, Jenks, OK, USA.

Polypodium hydriforme is a parasitic cnidarian that develops within the eggs of acipenseriform fish in the Old and New Worlds. Currently regarded as monotypic, P. hydriforme has been studied largely in the context of caviar production in Russian sturgeon species. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfd.13202DOI Listing

Are eating disorders associated with bipolar disorder type I? Results of a Lebanese case-control study.

Perspect Psychiatr Care 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

INSPECT-LB: Institut National de Sante Publique, Epidemiologie Clinique et Toxicologie- Liban, Beirut, Lebanon.

Objectives: To assess the association between disordered eating and bipolar disorder (BD).

Methods/design: A case-control study, conducted between April and September 2018, enrolled 50 patients and 50 controls.

Results: Higher eating attitude test scores were significantly associated with the presence of BD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12567DOI Listing

Unilateral sagittal split osteotomy: effect on mandibular symmetry in the treatment of class III with laterognathia.

Prog Orthod 2020 Jul 6;21(1):19. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Division of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

The bilateral sagittal split osteotomy is considered the standard surgery to correct facial asymmetries. More recently, unilateral sagittal split osteotomy (USSO) was used to treat such malocclusions.

Aim: To assess facial symmetry following USSO in the treatment of class III laterognathia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40510-020-00319-3DOI Listing

A 12-Year Comparative Analysis of Hodgkin and Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas in Lebanon: Trend Characteristics and 10-Year Projections.

Cureus 2020 Jun 2;12(6):e8412. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

General Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, LBN.

Background  Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are two common malignancies worldwide and in Lebanon. Analysis of their trends plays a crucial role to better understand their origins and risk factors. This study will probe incidences of both types of lymphomas from 2005 to 2016, aiming to compare between the two malignancies according to age and sex and plot projections until 2026. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8412DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7331781PMC

Pest categorisation of .

EFSA J 2020 Jan 10;18(1):e05940. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

The EFSA Panel on Plant Health (PLHP) performed a pest categorisation of (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) for the EU. (elm borer) occurs in eastern North America. and are almost exclusively reported as hosts, apart from two 19 century records from the USA of larvae from sp. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.5940DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7008830PMC
January 2020

Pest categorisation of non-EU viruses and viroids of L.

EFSA J 2019 Sep 30;17(9):e05735. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Following a request from the EU Commission, the Panel on Plant Health addressed the pest categorisation of the viruses and viroids of L. determined as being either non-EU or of undetermined standing in a previous EFSA opinion. These infectious agents belong to different genera and are heterogeneous in their biology. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2019.5735DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7009144PMC
September 2019

Pest categorisation of .

EFSA J 2019 Nov 11;17(11):e05857. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

The EFSA Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), the northern corn rootworm, for the EU. is a univoltine species occurring in mid-western and eastern USA and Canada, where it reproduces on maize (), the preferred larval host. A small proportion of individuals can develop to a lesser extent on spelt (), rice (), millet () and a few North American wild grasses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2019.5857DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7008808PMC
November 2019

Biological Therapies of Severe Asthma and Their Possible Effects on Airway Remodeling.

Front Immunol 2020 18;11:1134. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Clinic of Internal Medicine, Asthma and Allergy, Medical University of Lodz, Łódz, Poland.

Asthma is a chronic and heterogenic respiratory tract disorder with a high global prevalence. The underlying chronic inflammatory process and airway remodeling (AR) contribute to the symptomatology of the disease. The most severely ill asthma patients may now be treated using a variety of monoclonal antibodies aiming key inflammatory cytokines involved in asthma pathogenesis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2020.01134DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314989PMC

Exploring the neurobiology of OCD: clinical implications.

Psychiatr Times 2020 Mar;2020

Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge; & Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS, Foundation Trust (CPFT), UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7334048PMC

Fostering global primary care research: a capacity-building approach.

BMJ Glob Health 2020 Jul;5(7)

General Practice, University of Auckland Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Auckland, New Zealand.

The Alma Ata and Astana Declarations reaffirm the importance of high-quality primary healthcare (PHC), yet the capacity to undertake PHC research-a core element of high-quality PHC-in low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC) is limited. Our aim is to explore the current risks or barriers to primary care research capacity building, identify the ongoing tensions that need to be resolved and offer some solutions, focusing on emerging contexts. This paper arose from a workshop held at the 2019 North American Primary Care Research Group Annual Meeting addressing research capacity building in LMICs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2020-002470DOI Listing

Modifiable health behaviors among low-income, uninsured men with prostate cancer.

Urol Oncol 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA; Department of Health Policy & Management, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health; and UCLA School of Nursing, Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address:

Background: As life expectancy of men with prostate cancer (CaP)improves, the risks of chronic diseases and comorbid conditions become more relevant. Improving modifiable health behaviors now serves as a focus of guidelines to reduce all-cause morbidity and mortality from chronic disease among CaP survivors. Few studies have reported on these health behaviors in low-income, uninsured men with CaP METHODS: In addition to baseline demographic data, we collected four health behaviors in low-income men with CaP via telephone survey: physical activity, dietary intake of fruits and vegetables, weight management, and alcohol consumption. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urolonc.2020.06.005DOI Listing

International consensus guidelines on surveillance for pancreatic cancer in chronic pancreatitis. Recommendations from the working group for the international consensus guidelines for chronic pancreatitis in collaboration with the International Association of Pancreatology, the American Pancreatic Association, the Japan Pancreas Society, and European Pancreatic Club.

Pancreatology 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of General Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) have an increased risk of pancreatic cancer. We present the international consensus guidelines for surveillance of pancreatic cancer in CP.

Methods: The international group evaluated 10 statements generated from evidence on 5 questions relating to pancreatic cancer in CP. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pan.2020.05.011DOI Listing

Operative Fixation of Hip Fractures in Nonagenarians: Is It Safe?

J Arthroplasty 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY.

Background: With the shift in hip fracture epidemiology toward older individuals as well as the shift in demographics toward nonagenarians, it is important to understand the outcomes of treatment for these patients.

Methods: Geriatric patients (≥65 years old) who underwent surgery for hip fracture were identified in the 2005-2017 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database and stratified into 2 age groups: <90 and ≥90 years old (nonagenarians). Preoperative and procedural characteristics were compared. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2020.06.005DOI Listing

The COVID-19 AAGP Online Trainee Curriculum: Development and Method of Initial Evaluation.

Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2020 Jun 13. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System (BY), Los Angeles, CA; University of California (BY), UCLA, Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address:

Objective: One effect of the COVID-19 pandemic is the disruption of in-person clinical experiences within geriatric psychiatry residency education. Online resources for trainees are needed to fill resultant gaps.

Methods: The American Association of Geriatric Psychiatry (AAGP) Teaching and Training Committee leadership collaborated with geriatric psychiatry experts to develop a web-based geriatric psychiatry curriculum for psychiatry residents and other learners. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2020.06.003DOI Listing

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma.

Semin Diagn Pathol 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address:

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is a rare but significant malignancy due to its high mortality rate. Rendering an accurate diagnosis is crucial given the prognostic implications and treatment ramifications. Based on the prognostic significance of the extent of invasion of the primary tumor, T staging for ATC changed in the most recent edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging manual. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semdp.2020.06.005DOI Listing

Canadian Cardiovascular Society Clinical Practice Update on the Assessment and Management of Syncope.

Can J Cardiol 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Syncope is a symptom that occurs in multiple settings and has a variety of underlying causes, ranging from benign to life threatening. Determining the underlying diagnosis and prognosis can be challenging and often results in an unstructured approach to evaluation, which is ineffective and costly. In this first ever document, the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) provides a clinical practice update on the assessment and management of syncope. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2019.12.023DOI Listing

Breast Cancer Screening Shared Decision-Making in Older African-American Women.

J Natl Med Assoc 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Family and Community Medicine, 1015 Walnut St. Suite 401, Philadelphia PA, 19107, USA.

Background: Discussions about whether to continue breast cancer screening in older women are complex, particularly for African American women. Decision aids may be helpful in guiding these conversations; however, little is known about the feasibility and acceptability of using breast cancer decision aids in older African American women. This study explored African American women's knowledge of breast cancer screening guidelines in older adults, prior conversations with providers regarding continuation of screening, and their understanding/willingness to engage in discussions about individualized breast cancer screening decision-making using two versions of tested decision aids. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2020.05.007DOI Listing