13,496 results match your criteria American Journal Of Law & Medicine[Journal]


Universal background checks for handgun purchases can reduce homicide rates of African Americans.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2020 Jun;88(6):825-831

From the Division of Traumatology, Surgical Critical Care, and Emergency Surgery (E.J.K., N.D.M., C.A.S., C.W.S., P.M.R., M.J.S.), University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Mailman School of Public Health (C.N.M.), Columbia University, New York, New York; Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University (C.N.M.), Melbourne, Australia; Naval Medical Center San Diego (E.J.O.), San Diego, California; Department of Social Policy and Intervention, Oxford University (D.K.H.), Oxford, United Kingdom; Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology (D.J.W.), University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Division of Acute and Critical Care Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis (M.H.H.), St. Louis, Missouri.

Background: Federal law requires background checks for firearms purchased from licensed dealers, but states can extend requirements to private sales of handguns and purchases at gun shows (universal background checks for handguns [UBC-HG]). Although firearm homicide disproportionately affects African Americans, little is known about how UBG-HG impacts African Americans. We hypothesized that implementation of UBC-HG would reduce rates of firearm homicide of African Americans. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002689DOI Listing

Engaging South Asian youth and families: A clinical review.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2020 May 25:20764020922881. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Health Law, Policy & Management, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: South Asians (SAs), a rapidly growing minority group in the United States are underrepresented in mental health research. They represent a unique sub-group of Asian immigrants in that their journey to the United States in the last 50 years was driven by the pursuit of academic and career opportunities. Our goal is to provide a topical overview of factors contributing to the mental health challenges of South Asian American (SAA) youth and to describe culturally sensitive approaches that would provide effective treatment for SAA youth and their families. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764020922881DOI Listing

Association of State Legislation and Industry Compensation to Orthopaedic Residents: A 3-Year Review of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Open Payments Database.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2020 Mar 3. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham Hospital (Dr. Wills, Dr. Almaguer, and Dr. Ponce), the University of Alabama School of Medicine (Mr. Robin and Mr. Archie), Birmingham, AL, the University of Alabama School of Law, Tuscaloosa, AL (Dr. McMichael), the University of Alabama School of Public Health, Birmingham, AL (Dr. McGwin), and the Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, The University of Vermont Larner College of Medicine, South Burlington, VT (Dr. Ames).

Background: The Sunshine Act aims to increase the transparency of physicians receiving compensation from pharmaceutical and medical device companies. Nine states have supplementary legislation in addition to the Federal Sunshine Act. The purpose of this study is to assess the characteristics of financial compensation to orthopaedic residents on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Open Payments Database in states with more restrictive regulations compared with those without additional restrictions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-19-00637DOI Listing

Abortion Access in Ohio's Changing Legislative Context, 2010-2018.

Am J Public Health 2020 May 21:e1-e7. Epub 2020 May 21.

At the time of the study, Alison H. Norris, Payal Chakraborty, Kaiting Lang, Robert B. Hood, and Mikaela H. Smith were with the College of Public Health, Ohio State University, Columbus. Sarah R. Hayford was with the Department of Sociology, Ohio State University, Columbus. Lisa Keder was with the College of Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus. Danielle Bessett and Molly Broscoe were with the Department of Sociology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH. B. Jessie Hill was with the Case Western Reserve University School of Law, Cleveland, OH. Carolette Norwood was with the Department of Women's, Gender & Sexuality Studies, University of Cincinnati. Michelle L. McGowan was with Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Ethics Center, Cincinnati, OH.

To examine abortion utilization in Ohio from 2010 to 2018, a period when more than 15 abortion-related laws became effective. We evaluated changes in abortion rates and ratios examining gestation, geographic distribution, and abortion method in Ohio from 2010 to 2018. We used data from Ohio's Office of Vital Statistics, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Abortion Surveillance Reports, the American Community Survey, and Ohio's Public Health Data Warehouse. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2020.305706DOI Listing

Consensus Organizing and Community-Based Participatory Research to Address Social-Structural Disparities and Promote Health Equity: The Hope Zone Case Study.

Fam Community Health 2020 Jul/Sep;43(3):213-220

School of Social Work, Arizona State University, Tucson.

This case study illustrates the process of integrating community-based participatory research and consensus organizing in an effort to deconstruct social-structural risk factors and markers of health disparities, and build positive relationships between members of the criminal justice system and the community. Community residents, law enforcement, and other cross-sector partners engaged in an extensive planning initiative to address crime and social-structural risk factors in a majority African American community. Community-based participatory research and consensus organizing can be integrated as an effective approach to engaging and empowering communities to take action to dismantle social-structural disparities and promote a culture of health and well-being. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/FCH.0000000000000258DOI Listing

Rapid identification and genotyping of the honeybee pathogen by combining culturing and multiplex quantitative PCR.

Open Vet J 2020 Apr 13;10(1):53-58. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Institut für Mikrobiologie, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig 38106, Germany.

Background: American Foulbrood (AFB) is a devastating disease of honey bee () larvae caused by the spore-forming, Gram-positive bacterium . In most countries, the law requires mandatory reporting of AFB to the veterinary authority.

Aim And Methods: To speed up detection and genotyping of spores, we compared different culturing protocols on Columbia sheep blood agar and developed a new multiplex quantitative polymerase chain reaction to distinguish between the two relevant genotypes enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC) I and ERIC II. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ovj.v10i1.9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7193882PMC

Assessing Differential Impacts of COVID-19 on Black Communities.

Ann Epidemiol 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.

Purpose: Given incomplete data reporting by race, we used data on COVID-19 cases and deaths in US counties to describe racial disparities in COVID-19 disease and death and associated determinants.

Methods: Using publicly available data (accessed April 13, 2020), predictors of COVID-19 cases and deaths were compared between disproportionately (>13%) black and all other (<13% black) counties. Rate ratios were calculated and population attributable fractions (PAF) were estimated using COVID-19 cases and deaths via zero-inflated negative binomial regression model. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2020.05.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7224670PMC
May 2020
2.000 Impact Factor

AAN position statement: The COVID-19 pandemic and the ethical duties of the neurologist.

Neurology 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Michael A Rubin, MD, MA, FAAN, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Department of Neurology & Neurotherapeutics and Neurological Surgery, Dallas, Texas.

Patients, clinicians, and hospitals have undergone monumental changes during the COVID-19 pandemic. This time of troubles has forced us to consider the fundamental obligations that neurologists have to our own individual patients as well as the greater community. By returning to our fundamental understanding of these duties we can ensure that we are providing the most ethically appropriate contingency and crisis care possible. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000009744DOI Listing

Implementation of a multilevel, multicomponent intervention for obesity control in Native American communities (OPREVENT2): challenges and lessons learned.

Health Educ Res 2020 Jun;35(3):228-242

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.

OPREVENT2 was a multilevel, multicomponent (MLMC) adult obesity prevention that sought to improve access and demand for healthier food and physical activity opportunities in six Native American communities in the Southwest and Midwest. OPREVENT2 worked with worksites, food stores, schools (grades 2-6), through social media and mailings, and with a local community action committee (CAC), in each of the three intervention communities, and was implemented in six phases. We conducted a process evaluation to assess implementation of each intervention component in terms of reach, dose delivered and fidelity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/her/cyaa012DOI Listing

Making Medical Treatment Decisions for Unrepresented Patients in the ICU. An Official American Thoracic Society/American Geriatrics Society Policy Statement.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2020 May;201(10):1182-1192

: ICU clinicians regularly care for patients who lack capacity, an applicable advance directive, and an available surrogate decision-maker. Although there is no consensus on terminology, we refer to these patients as "unrepresented." There is considerable controversy about how to make treatment decisions for these patients, and there is significant variability in both law and clinical practice. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.202003-0512STDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233335PMC

Cemetery hoodoo: Culture, ritual crime and forensic archaeology.

Authors:
Sharon K Moses

Forensic Sci Int 2020 14;2:17-23. Epub 2019 Oct 14.

Department of Anthropology, Northern Arizona University, P.O. Box 15200, Flagstaff, AZ, 86011-5200, United States.

In 2012 and 2014 the author was a consultant to law enforcement regarding crime scenes of a ritualistic nature in the American Southeast. These ritual activities were expressions of folk magic spells linked to certain West African traditions. These spells were used for magico-religious, curative, and 'justice' (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsisyn.2019.10.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7219123PMC
October 2019

Proximate predictors of variation in egg rejection behavior by hosts of avian brood parasites.

J Comp Psychol 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Evolution, Ecology, and Behavior.

The rejection of parasitic eggs by hosts of avian brood parasites is one of the most common and effective defenses against parasitism. Despite its adaptive significance, egg rejection often shows substantial intraspecific variation: some individuals are more likely to remove or abandon parasitic eggs than others. Understanding variation in egg rejection requires that we study factors linked to the ability to perceive parasitic eggs as well as factors that may influence the rejection of a foreign egg once it has been recognized. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/com0000225DOI Listing

Surgical Experimentation by John Marion Sims in the Pre-Anaesthetic Era.

Authors:
Mike O'Connor

J Law Med 2020 Apr;27(3):527-534

Head of Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Western Sydney University; Conjoint Senior Lecturer, Women's and Children's Health, University of New South Wales.

The reputation of the pioneering gynaecologist J Marion Sims has been brought into question by a scandal over experimental surgery on African American slave women. Sims attempted to find a surgical cure for vesico-vaginal fistulae - an obstetric injury resulting from bladder damage after obstructed labour. His statue was removed from Central Park, New York, in 2018 in deference to the public outcry regarding his racist behaviour. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Human Rights and Covid-19 pandemic.

Authors:
Carlos Valerio

JBRA Assist Reprod 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Member of the Latin American Association of Medical Law and of the Association of Medical Law of Costa Rica.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1518-0557.20200041DOI Listing

Adolescent Brain Development and Progressive Legal Responsibility in the Latin American Context.

Front Psychol 2020 24;11:627. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Psychology, Universidad Europea de Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

In this article, we analyze the contributions of neuroscience to the development of the adolescent brain and shed additional light on the minimum age of criminal responsibility in the context of Latin America. In neurobiology, maturity is perceived to be complex because the brain's temporal development process is not uniform across all its regions. This has important consequences for adolescents' behavior; in their search for the acceptance of their peers, they are more vulnerable to pressure and more sensitive to stress than adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00627DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7194023PMC

Rationing Limited Health Care Resources in the COVID-19 Era and Beyond: Ethical Considerations Regarding Older Adults.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

UCLA Borun Center for Gerontological Research, Los Angeles, CA.

COVID-19 continues to impact older adults disproportionately with respect to serious consequences ranging from severe illness and hospitalization to increased mortality risk. Concurrently, concerns about potential shortages of healthcare professionals and health supplies to address these issues have focused attention on how these resources are ultimately allocated and used. Some strategies, for example, misguidedly use age as an arbitrary criterion, which disfavors older adults in resource allocation decisions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jgs.16539DOI Listing

AGS Position Statement: Resource Allocation Strategies and Age-Related Considerations in the COVID-19 Era and Beyond.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

UCLA Borun Center for Gerontological Research, Los Angeles, CA.

COVID-19 continues to impact older adults disproportionately, from severe illness and hospitalization to increased mortality risk. Concurrently, concerns about potential shortages of healthcare professionals and health supplies to address these needs have focused attention on how resources are ultimately allocated and used. Some strategies misguidedly use age as an arbitrary criterion, which inappropriately disfavors older adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jgs.16537DOI Listing

Prices and clinical benefit of cancer drugs in the USA and Europe: a cost-benefit analysis.

Lancet Oncol 2020 May;21(5):664-670

Program on Regulation, Therapeutics, and Law (PORTAL), Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Increasing cancer drug prices are a challenge for patients and health systems in the USA and Europe. By contrast with the USA, national authorities in European countries often directly negotiate drug prices with manufacturers. The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) developed frameworks to evaluate the clinical value of cancer therapies: the ASCO-Value Framework (ASCO-VF) and the ESMO-Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale (ESMO-MCBS). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30139-XDOI Listing

Alcohol use in times of the COVID 19: Implications for monitoring and policy.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2020 05 2;39(4):301-304. Epub 2020 May 2.

Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

Based on a literature search undertaken to determine the impacts of past public health crises, and a systematic review of the effects of past economic crises on alcohol consumption, two main scenarios-with opposite predictions regarding the impact of the current COVID-19 pandemic on the level and patterns of alcohol consumption-are introduced. The first scenario predicts an increase in consumption for some populations, particularly men, due to distress experienced as a result of the pandemic. A second scenario predicts the opposite outcome, a lowered level of consumption, based on the decreased physical and financial availability of alcohol. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.13074DOI Listing

Recidivism Rates Following Firearm Injury as Determined by a Collaborative Hospital and Law Enforcement Database.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2020 Apr 16. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

University of Louisville School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, 550 South Jackson Street, Louisville, KY 40202, USA.

Recidivism is a key outcome measure for injury prevention programs. Firearm injury recidivism rates are difficult to determine due to poor longitudinal follow-up and incomplete, disparate databases. Reported recidivism rates from trauma registries are 2-3%. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002746DOI Listing

Integrating Rules for Genomic Research, Clinical Care, Public Health Screening and DTC Testing: Creating Translational Law for Translational Genomics.

J Law Med Ethics 2020 Mar;48(1):69-86

Susan M. Wolf, J.D., is McKnight Presidential Professor of Law, Medicine & Public Policy; Faegre Baker Daniels Professor of Law; and Professor of Medicine at the University of Minnesota. She is also Chair of the University's Consortium on Law and Values in Health, Environment & the Life Sciences. She is a Principal Investigator on an NIH-supported project on "LawSeq: Building a Sound Legal Foundation for Translating Genomics into Clinical Application" (NHGRI/NCI # R01HG008605; Wolf, Clayton, Lawrenz, PIs). Pilar N. Ossorio, Ph.D., J.D., is Professor of Law and Bioethics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where she is on the faculties of the Law School and the Department of Medical History and Bioethics at the Medical School. She is Ethics Scholar-in-Residence at the Morgridge Institute for Research, Co-Director of UW's Law and Neuroscience Program, a faculty member in the UW Masters in Biotechnology Studies program, and Program Faculty in the Graduate Program in Population Health. Susan A. Berry, M.D., is Division Director for Genetics and Metabolism in the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Minnesota. She is a Professor in the Departments of Pediatrics, Ophthalmology and Genetics, Cell Biology and Development. She is a member of the Minnesota Department of Health Newborn Screening Advisory Committee, a Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics, and a Fellow of the American College of Medical Genetics. Henry T. Greely, J.D., is the Deane F. and Kate Edelman Johnson Professor of Law and Professor, by courtesy, of Genetics at Stanford University. He chairs the California Advisory Committee on Human Stem Cell Research and the steering committee of the Stanford University Center for Biomedical Ethics, and directs the Stanford Center for Law and the Biosciences and the Stanford Program in Neuroscience and Society. Amy L. McGuire, J.D., Ph.D., is the Leon Jaworski Professor of Biomedical Ethics and Director of the Center for Medical Ethics and Health Policy at the Baylor College of Medicine. She served on the National Advisory Council for Human Genome Research 2011-15 and is immediate past-President of the Association of Bioethics Program Directors. Michelle A. Penny, Ph.D., is Head of the Translational Genome Sciences Group at Biogen. She is Co-Chair of the National Academy Roundtable on Genomics and Precision Health and the Industry Pharmacogenomics Working Group. Sharon F. Terry, M.A., is President and Chief Executive Officer of Genetic Alliance and co-founder of the Genetic Alliance Registry and Biobank. She has served in a leadership role on organizations including the Precision Medicine Initiative Cohort Advisory Panel; Cures Acceleration Network Review Board and Advisory Council, National Center for Accelerating Translation Science, NIH; National Academy Roundtable on Genomics and Precision Health; Global Alliance for Genomics and Health; and International Rare Disease Research Consortium Executive Committee. Organizations are listed here for author identification only.

Human genomics is a translational field spanning research, clinical care, public health, and direct-to-consumer testing. However, law differs across these domains on issues including liability, consent, promoting quality of analysis and interpretation, and safeguarding privacy. Genomic activities crossing domains can thus encounter confusion and conflicts among these approaches. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073110520916996DOI Listing

From Genetics to Genomics: Facing the Liability Implications in Clinical Care.

J Law Med Ethics 2020 Mar;48(1):11-43

Gary Marchant, B.SC., Ph.D., J.D., M.P.P., is Regents' Professor, Lincoln Professor of Emerging Technologies, Law & Ethics, and Faculty Director of the Center for Law, Science & Innovation at ASU. He researches, teaches and speaks about governance of a variety of emerging technologies including genomics, biotechnology, neuroscience, nanotechnology and artificial intelligence. Prior to starting at ASU in 1999, he was a partner in the Washington, DC office of Kirkland & Ellis. Mark Barnes, J.D., LL.M., is a partner in the life sciences practice at Ropes & Gray LLP; teaches health care law and the law of biomedical research at Yale Law School; and is founder and co-director of the Multi-Regional Clinical Trials Center (MRCT Center) of Harvard University and Brigham and Women's Hospital. James P. Evans, M.D., Ph.D., is a Medical Geneticist and Internist who is currently retired, but pursued a long-standing interest in genomics and its broad social implications. He is Professor Emeritus, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Genetics. Bonnie LeRoy, M.S., L.G.C., is a licensed genetic counselor with over 20 years of clinical experience. She developed and now directs the Graduate Program in Genetic Counseling at the University of Minnesota. She is a past president of the National Society of Genetic Counselors, the American Board of Genetic Counseling, and the Association of Genetic Counseling Program Directors. Susan M. Wolf, J.D., is McKnight Presidential Professor of Law, Medicine & Public Policy; Faegre Baker Daniels Professor of Law; Professor of Medicine; and Chair of the Consortium on Law and Values in Health, Environment & the Life Sciences at the University of Minnesota. She is a Principal Investigator on the LawSeq project funded by NIH. Institutions are listed for author identification only.

Health care is transitioning from genetics to genomics, in which single-gene testing for diagnosis is being replaced by multi-gene panels, genome-wide sequencing, and other multi-genic tests for disease diagnosis, prediction, prognosis, and treatment. This health care transition is spurring a new set of increased or novel liability risks for health care providers and test laboratories. This article describes this transition in both medical care and liability, and addresses 11 areas of potential increased or novel liability risk, offering recommendations to both health care and legal actors to address and manage those liability risks. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073110520916994DOI Listing

Technical review on the management of eosinophilic esophagitis: a report from the AGA institute and the joint task force on allergy-immunology practice parameters.

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2020 05;124(5):424-440.e17

Center for Esophageal Diseases and Swallowing, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic inflammatory condition of the esophagus. Many new studies have been reported recently that describe EoE management. An expert panel was convened by the American Gastroenterological Association Institute and the Joint Task Force on Allergy-Immunology Practice Parameters to provide a technical review to be used as the basis for an updated clinical guideline. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anai.2020.03.021DOI Listing

Global injury morbidity and mortality from 1990 to 2017: results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017.

Authors:
Spencer L James Chris D Castle Zachary V Dingels Jack T Fox Erin B Hamilton Zichen Liu Nicholas L S Roberts Dillon O Sylte Nathaniel J Henry Kate E LeGrand Ahmed Abdelalim Amir Abdoli Ibrahim Abdollahpour Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader Aidin Abedi Akine Eshete Abosetugn Abdelrahman I Abushouk Oladimeji M Adebayo Marcela Agudelo-Botero Tauseef Ahmad Rushdia Ahmed Muktar Beshir Ahmed Miloud Taki Eddine Aichour Fares Alahdab Genet Melak Alamene Fahad Mashhour Alanezi Animut Alebel Niguse Meles Alema Suliman A Alghnam Samar Al-Hajj Beriwan Abdulqadir Ali Saqib Ali Mahtab Alikhani Cyrus Alinia Vahid Alipour Syed Mohamed Aljunid Amir Almasi-Hashiani Nihad A Almasri Khalid Altirkawi Yasser Sami Abdeldayem Amer Saeed Amini Arianna Maever Loreche Amit Catalina Liliana Andrei Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam Carl Abelardo T Antonio Seth Christopher Yaw Appiah Jalal Arabloo Morteza Arab-Zozani Zohreh Arefi Olatunde Aremu Filippo Ariani Amit Arora Malke Asaad Babak Asghari Nefsu Awoke Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla Getinet Ayano Martin Amogre Ayanore Samad Azari Ghasem Azarian Alaa Badawi Ashish D Badiye Eleni Bagli Atif Amin Baig Mohan Bairwa Ahad Bakhtiari Arun Balachandran Maciej Banach Srikanta K Banerjee Palash Chandra Banik Amrit Banstola Suzanne Lyn Barker-Collo Till Winfried Bärnighausen Lope H Barrero Akbar Barzegar Mohsen Bayati Bayisa Abdissa Baye Neeraj Bedi Masoud Behzadifar Tariku Tesfaye Bekuma Habte Belete Corina Benjet Derrick A Bennett Isabela M Bensenor Kidanemaryam Berhe Pankaj Bhardwaj Anusha Ganapati Bhat Krittika Bhattacharyya Sadia Bibi Ali Bijani Muhammad Shahdaat Bin Sayeed Guilherme Borges Antonio Maria Borzì Soufiane Boufous Alexandra Brazinova Nikolay Ivanovich Briko Shyam S Budhathoki Josip Car Rosario Cárdenas Félix Carvalho João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela Giulio Castelpietra Ferrán Catalá-López Ester Cerin Joht S Chandan Wagaye Fentahun Chanie Soosanna Kumary Chattu Vijay Kumar Chattu Irini Chatziralli Neha Chaudhary Daniel Youngwhan Cho Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir Chowdhury Dinh-Toi Chu Samantha M Colquhoun Maria-Magdalena Constantin Vera M Costa Giovanni Damiani Ahmad Daryani Claudio Alberto Dávila-Cervantes Feleke Mekonnen Demeke Asmamaw Bizuneh Demis Gebre Teklemariam Demoz Desalegn Getnet Demsie Afshin Derakhshani Kebede Deribe Rupak Desai Mostafa Dianati Nasab Diana Dias da Silva Zahra Sadat Dibaji Forooshani Kerrie E Doyle Tim Robert Driscoll Eleonora Dubljanin Bereket Duko Adema Arielle Wilder Eagan Aziz Eftekhari Elham Ehsani-Chimeh Maysaa El Sayed Zaki Demelash Abewa Elemineh Shaimaa I El-Jaafary Ziad El-Khatib Christian Lycke Ellingsen Mohammad Hassan Emamian Daniel Adane Endalew Sharareh Eskandarieh Pawan Sirwan Faris Andre Faro Farshad Farzadfar Yousef Fatahi Wubalem Fekadu Tomas Y Ferede Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad Eduarda Fernandes Pietro Ferrara Garumma Tolu Feyissa Irina Filip Florian Fischer Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan Masoud Foroutan Joel Msafiri Francis Richard Charles Franklin Takeshi Fukumoto Biniyam Sahiledengle Geberemariyam Abadi Kahsu Gebre Ketema Bizuwork Gebremedhin Gebreamlak Gebremedhn Gebremeskel Berhe Gebremichael Getnet Azeze Gedefaw Birhanu Geta Mansour Ghafourifard Farhad Ghamari Ahmad Ghashghaee Asadollah Gholamian Tiffany K Gill Alessandra C Goulart Ayman Grada Michal Grivna Mohammed Ibrahim Mohialdeen Gubari Rafael Alves Guimarães Yuming Guo Gaurav Gupta Juanita A Haagsma Nima Hafezi-Nejad Hassan Haghparast Bidgoli Brian James Hall Randah R Hamadeh Samer Hamidi Josep Maria Haro Md Mehedi Hasan Amir Hasanzadeh Soheil Hassanipour Hadi Hassankhani Hamid Yimam Hassen Rasmus Havmoeller Khezar Hayat Delia Hendrie Fatemeh Heydarpour Martha Híjar Hung Chak Ho Chi Linh Hoang Michael K Hole Ramesh Holla Naznin Hossain Mehdi Hosseinzadeh Sorin Hostiuc Guoqing Hu Segun Emmanuel Ibitoye Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi Irena Ilic Milena D Ilic Leeberk Raja Inbaraj Endang Indriasih Seyed Sina Naghibi Irvani Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam M Mofizul Islam Rebecca Q Ivers Kathryn H Jacobsen Mohammad Ali Jahani Nader Jahanmehr Mihajlo Jakovljevic Farzad Jalilian Sudha Jayaraman Achala Upendra Jayatilleke Ravi Prakash Jha Yetunde O John-Akinola Jost B Jonas Nitin Joseph Farahnaz Joukar Jacek Jerzy Jozwiak Suresh Banayya Jungari Mikk Jürisson Ali Kabir Rajendra Kadel Amaha Kahsay Leila R Kalankesh Rohollah Kalhor Teshome Abegaz Kamil Tanuj Kanchan Neeti Kapoor Manoochehr Karami Amir Kasaeian Hagazi Gebremedhin Kassaye Taras Kavetskyy Hafte Kahsay Kebede Peter Njenga Keiyoro Abraham Getachew Kelbore Bayew Kelkay Yousef Saleh Khader Morteza Abdullatif Khafaie Nauman Khalid Ibrahim A Khalil Rovshan Khalilov Mohammad Khammarnia Ejaz Ahmad Khan Maseer Khan Tripti Khanna Habibolah Khazaie Fatemeh Khosravi Shadmani Roba Khundkar Daniel N Kiirithio Young-Eun Kim Daniel Kim Yun Jin Kim Adnan Kisa Sezer Kisa Hamidreza Komaki Shivakumar K M Kondlahalli Vladimir Andreevich Korshunov Ai Koyanagi Moritz U G Kraemer Kewal Krishan Burcu Kucuk Bicer Nuworza Kugbey Vivek Kumar Nithin Kumar G Anil Kumar Manasi Kumar Girikumar Kumaresh Om P Kurmi Oluwatosin Kuti Carlo La Vecchia Faris Hasan Lami Prabhat Lamichhane Justin J Lang Van C Lansingh Dennis Odai Laryea Savita Lasrado Arman Latifi Paolo Lauriola Janet L Leasher Shaun Wen Huey Lee Tsegaye Lolaso Lenjebo Miriam Levi Shanshan Li Shai Linn Xuefeng Liu Alan D Lopez Paulo A Lotufo Raimundas Lunevicius Ronan A Lyons Mohammed Madadin Muhammed Magdy Abd El Razek Narayan Bahadur Mahotra Marek Majdan Azeem Majeed Jeadran N Malagon-Rojas Venkatesh Maled Reza Malekzadeh Deborah Carvalho Malta Navid Manafi Amir Manafi Ana-Laura Manda Narayana Manjunatha Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei Borhan Mansouri Mohammad Ali Mansournia Joemer C Maravilla Lyn M March Amanda J Mason-Jones Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi Benjamin Ballard Massenburg Pallab K Maulik Gebrekiros Gebremichael Meles Addisu Melese Zeleke Aschalew Melketsedik Peter T N Memiah Walter Mendoza Ritesh G Menezes Meresa Berwo Mengesha Melkamu Merid Mengesha Tuomo J Meretoja Atte Meretoja Hayimro Edemealem Merie Tomislav Mestrovic Bartosz Miazgowski Tomasz Miazgowski Ted R Miller G K Mini Andreea Mirica Erkin M Mirrakhimov Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh Prasanna Mithra Babak Moazen Masoud Moghadaszadeh Efat Mohamadi Yousef Mohammad Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad Aso Mohammad Darwesh Naser Mohammad Gholi Mezerji Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani Milad Mohammadoo-Khorasani Reza Mohammadpourhodki Shafiu Mohammed Jemal Abdu Mohammed Farnam Mohebi Mariam Molokhia Lorenzo Monasta Yoshan Moodley Mahmood Moosazadeh Masoud Moradi Ghobad Moradi Maziar Moradi-Lakeh Farhad Moradpour Lidia Morawska Ilais Moreno Velásquez Naho Morisaki Shane Douglas Morrison Tilahun Belete Mossie Atalay Goshu Muluneh Srinivas Murthy Kamarul Imran Musa Ghulam Mustafa Ashraf F Nabhan Ahamarshan Jayaraman Nagarajan Gurudatta Naik Mukhammad David Naimzada Farid Najafi Vinay Nangia Bruno Ramos Nascimento Morteza Naserbakht Vinod Nayak Duduzile Edith Ndwandwe Ionut Negoi Josephine W Ngunjiri Cuong Tat Nguyen Huong Lan Thi Nguyen Rajan Nikbakhsh Dina Nur Anggraini Ningrum Chukwudi A Nnaji Peter S Nyasulu Felix Akpojene Ogbo Onome Bright Oghenetega In-Hwan Oh Emmanuel Wandera Okunga Andrew T Olagunju Tinuke O Olagunju Ahmed Omar Bali Obinna E Onwujekwe Kwaku Oppong Asante Heather M Orpana Erika Ota Nikita Otstavnov Stanislav S Otstavnov Mahesh P A Jagadish Rao Padubidri Smita Pakhale Keyvan Pakshir Songhomitra Panda-Jonas Eun-Kee Park Sangram Kishor Patel Ashish Pathak Sanghamitra Pati George C Patton Kebreab Paulos Amy E Peden Veincent Christian Filipino Pepito Jeevan Pereira Hai Quang Pham Michael R Phillips Marina Pinheiro Roman V Polibin Suzanne Polinder Hossein Poustchi Swayam Prakash Dimas Ria Angga Pribadi Parul Puri Zahiruddin Quazi Syed Mohammad Rabiee Navid Rabiee Amir Radfar Anwar Rafay Ata Rafiee Alireza Rafiei Fakher Rahim Siavash Rahimi Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar Muhammad Aziz Rahman Ali Rajabpour-Sanati Fatemeh Rajati Ivo Rakovac Kavitha Ranganathan Sowmya J Rao Vahid Rashedi Prateek Rastogi Priya Rathi Salman Rawaf Lal Rawal Reza Rawassizadeh Vishnu Renjith Andre M N Renzaho Serge Resnikoff Aziz Rezapour Ana Isabel Ribeiro Jennifer Rickard Carlos Miguel Rios González Luca Ronfani Gholamreza Roshandel Anas M Saad Yogesh Damodar Sabde Siamak Sabour Basema Saddik Saeed Safari Roya Safari-Faramani Hamid Safarpour Mahdi Safdarian S Mohammad Sajadi Payman Salamati Farkhonde Salehi Saleh Salehi Zahabi Marwa R Rashad Salem Hosni Salem Omar Salman Inbal Salz Abdallah M Samy Juan Sanabria Lidia Sanchez Riera Milena M Santric Milicevic Abdur Razzaque Sarker Arash Sarveazad Brijesh Sathian Monika Sawhney Susan M Sawyer Sonia Saxena Mehdi Sayyah David C Schwebel Soraya Seedat Subramanian Senthilkumaran Sadaf G Sepanlou Seyedmojtaba Seyedmousavi Feng Sha Faramarz Shaahmadi Saeed Shahabi Masood Ali Shaikh Mehran Shams-Beyranvand Morteza Shamsizadeh Mahdi Sharif-Alhoseini Hamid Sharifi Aziz Sheikh Mika Shigematsu Jae Il Shin Rahman Shiri Soraya Siabani Inga Dora Sigfusdottir Pankaj Kumar Singh Jasvinder A Singh Dhirendra Narain Sinha Catalin-Gabriel Smarandache Emma U R Smith Amin Soheili Bija Soleymani Ali Reza Soltanian Joan B Soriano Muluken Bekele Sorrie Ireneous N Soyiri Dan J Stein Mark A Stokes Mu'awiyyah Babale Sufiyan Hafiz Ansar Rasul Suleria Bryan L Sykes Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos Karen M Tabb Biruk Wogayehu Taddele Degena Bahrey Tadesse Animut Tagele Tamiru Ingan Ukur Tarigan Yonatal Mesfin Tefera Arash Tehrani-Banihashemi Merhawi Gebremedhin Tekle Gebretsadkan Hintsa Tekulu Ayenew Kassie Tesema Berhe Etsay Tesfay Rekha Thapar Asres Bedaso Tilahune Kenean Getaneh Tlaye Hamid Reza Tohidinik Roman Topor-Madry Bach Xuan Tran Khanh Bao Tran Jaya Prasad Tripathy Alexander C Tsai Lorainne Tudor Car Saif Ullah Irfan Ullah Maida Umar Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan Era Upadhyay Olalekan A Uthman Pascual R Valdez Tommi Juhani Vasankari Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian Francesco S Violante Vasily Vlassov Yasir Waheed Girmay Teklay Weldesamuel Andrea Werdecker Taweewat Wiangkham Haileab Fekadu Wolde Dawit Habte Woldeyes Dawit Zewdu Wondafrash Temesgen Gebeyehu Wondmeneh Adam Belay Wondmieneh Ai-Min Wu Rajaram Yadav Ali Yadollahpour Yuichiro Yano Sanni Yaya Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi Paul Yip Engida Yisma Naohiro Yonemoto Seok-Jun Yoon Yoosik Youm Mustafa Z Younis Zabihollah Yousefi Yong Yu Chuanhua Yu Hasan Yusefzadeh Telma Zahirian Moghadam Zoubida Zaidi Sojib Bin Zaman Mohammad Zamani Maryam Zamanian Hamed Zandian Ahmad Zarei Fatemeh Zare Zhi-Jiang Zhang Yunquan Zhang Sanjay Zodpey Lalit Dandona Rakhi Dandona Louisa Degenhardt Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne Simon I Hay Ali H Mokdad Robert C Reiner Benn Sartorius Theo Vos

Inj Prev 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Past research in population health trends has shown that injuries form a substantial burden of population health loss. Regular updates to injury burden assessments are critical. We report Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017 Study estimates on morbidity and mortality for all injuries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043494DOI Listing
April 2020
1.941 Impact Factor

Ventilator Triage Policies During the COVID-19 Pandemic at U.S. Hospitals Associated With Members of the Association of Bioethics Program Directors.

Ann Intern Med 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Albert Gnaegi Center for Health Care Ethics, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri (J.T.E.).

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has or threatens to overwhelm health care systems. Many institutions are developing ventilator triage policies.

Objective: To characterize the development of ventilator triage policies and compare policy content. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/M20-1738DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7207244PMC

Universal patterns in passenger flight departure delays.

Sci Rep 2020 Apr 23;10(1):6890. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Boston University, Center for Polymer Studies and Department of Physics, Boston, MA, 02215, United States.

Departure delays are a major cause of economic loss and inefficiency in the growing industry of passenger flights. A departure delay of a current flight is inevitably affected by the late arrival of the flight immediately preceding it with the same aircraft. We seek to understand the mechanisms of such propagated delays, and to obtain universal metrics by which to evaluate an airline's operational effectiveness in delay alleviation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-62871-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7181864PMC

"Living Well" in the Constitution of Bolivia and the American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: Reflections on Well-Being and the Right to Development.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Apr 21;17(8). Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Applied Economics, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain.

The article analyzes how approaches to "Living Well" as reflected in the Constitution of the State of Bolivia, the Law of the Rights of Mother Earth, and the American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples of the Organization of American States (OAS) contribute to understanding the Andean cosmovision of indigenous peoples of the American continent. To do so, it first studied the most immediate precedents that led to incorporation of the notion of Living Well into Bolivian law. Second, it approached the right to development from the American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which has as its source the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082870DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7215425PMC

An Exploratory Analysis of PharmD Program Value Using the Tuition: Licensure Index.

Authors:
Heath Ford

Am J Pharm Educ 2020 03;84(3):847614

South College School of Pharmacy, Knoxville, Tennessee.

To assess the value of a Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) program using the Tuition: Licensure Index (TLI), a metric combining tuition and licensure pass rates. The TLI is a ratio of program tuition and licensure pass rates, where separate indices are derived for the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination or NAPLEX (ie, TLI-N) and the Multistate Pharmacy Jurisprudence Examination (ie, TLI-M). The TLI can be further nuanced depending on use of in-state (ie, TLI-N and TLI-M) or out-of-state (ie, TLI-N and TLI-M) tuition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5688/ajpe847614DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7159006PMC

Supporting the end of prostitution permanently (SEPP) prostitution court: examining inter-professional collaboration within alternative criminal justice settings.

J Interprof Care 2020 Apr 20:1-9. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

School of Social Work, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Problem-solving courts such as prostitution courts are becoming an important feature of the American court landscape. Internationally, while there is a great deal of skepticism regarding problem solving courts, at least five countries (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13561820.2020.1751095DOI Listing

Cardiovascular disease among people living with HIV in Brazil.

Trop Med Int Health 2020 Apr 19. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Department of Preventive Medicine, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: There is a paucity of data on cardiovascular disease (CVD) among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in resource-limited countries. We assessed factors associated with CVD and the impact of prevalent CVD on all-cause mortality in PLHIV on antiretroviral therapy in Brazil.

Methods: Competing risk regression to assess factors associated with CVD and all-cause mortality in the HIV-Brazil Cohort Study between 2003 and 2014. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13405DOI Listing

A multicenter randomized controlled trial of medium-chain triglyceride dietary supplementation on epilepsy in dogs.

J Vet Intern Med 2020 Apr 15. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Clinical Science and Services, Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, UK.

Background: Medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) enriched diet has a positive effect on seizure control and behavior in some dogs with idiopathic epilepsy (IE).

Objective: To evaluate the short-term efficacy of MCTs administered as an add-on dietary supplement (DS) to a variable base diet to assess seizure control and antiseizure drug's (ASD) adverse effect profiles.

Animals: Twenty-eight dogs with International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force Tier II (IVETF) level diagnosis of treated IE with 3 or more seizures in the last 3 months were used. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15756DOI Listing

Joint Physical Custody and Adolescents' Life Satisfaction in 37 North American and European Countries.

Fam Process 2020 Apr 15. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Sociology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany.

Joint physical custody, a parental care arrangement in which a child lives with each parent about equally after separation or divorce, is an increasingly common phenomenon in many Western countries. Although attention from family scholars, practitioners, and law professionals is growing, there are hardly any numbers on the prevalence of joint physical custody (JPC). Moreover, studies using large-scale representative data on the effects of JPC for children's well-being are still rare. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/famp.12536DOI Listing

Foreign Policy through Other Means: Hard Power, Soft Power, and China's Turn to Political Warfare to Influence the United States.

Authors:
Jacques deLisle

Orbis 2020 Mar 4. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Jacques deLisle is Director of the Asia Program at the Foreign Policy Research Institute, and Stephen A. Cozen Professor of Law, Professor of Political Science, and Director of the Center for the Study of Contemporary China at the University of Pennsylvania.

The People's Republic of China increasingly has turned to political warfare and sharp power to influence U.S. policy toward China and on international issues that it considers important. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.orbis.2020.02.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7102532PMC

Report of the 2018-2019 Strategic Engagement Standing Committee.

Am J Pharm Educ 2020 01;84(1):7597

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Arlington, Virginia.

Strategic engagement is critical to the success of colleges and schools of pharmacy in expanding pharmacy and public health practice, meeting programmatic needs, and fulfilling institutional missions. The AACP 2019-2020 Strategic Engagement Committee was charged with exploring faculty leadership and development as they relate to strategic engagement, considering challenges and barriers to faculty participation and identifying successes in faculty engagement and opportunities for professional development. The committee reviewed literature and examples regarding strategic engagement across academic pharmacy, with strategic engagement understood as being part of the service mission of academic institutions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5688/ajpe7597DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7055409PMC
January 2020

Appropriateness of Term Limits for Administrative Appointments in Pharmacy Programs.

Am J Pharm Educ 2020 01;84(1):7462

University of North Texas Health Science Center College of Pharmacy, Fort Worth, Texas.

The appropriateness of term limits for administrative appointments is a subject of much discussion, not just within pharmacy programs, but in organizations of all types. The prospect of term limits for involves a wide variety of important organizational issues, including succession planning, institutional memory, strategic decision-making, and concepts regarding leadership styles overall. This paper examines both sides of the debate regarding the appropriateness of term limits for administrative appointments. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5688/ajpe7462DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7055408PMC
January 2020

How range residency and long-range perception change encounter rates.

J Theor Biol 2020 Apr 7;498:110267. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Smithsonian Conservational Biology Institute, National Zoological Park, 1500 Remount Road, Front Royal, Virginia 22630 USA; Dept. of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park MD 20742, USA; Center for Advanced Systems Understanding (CASUS) Görlitz, Germany; Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), Germany; Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research-UFZ, Department of Ecological Modelling, Permoserstr. 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany.. Electronic address:

Encounter rates link movement strategies to intra- and inter-specific interactions, and therefore translate individual movement behavior into higher-level ecological processes. Indeed, a large body of interacting population theory rests on the law of mass action, which can be derived from assumptions of Brownian motion in an enclosed container with exclusively local perception. These assumptions imply completely uniform space use, individual home ranges equivalent to the population range, and encounter dependent on movement paths actually crossing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2020.110267DOI Listing

Care Delivery for Male Infertility: The Present and Future.

Urol Clin North Am 2020 May;47(2):193-204

Department of Urology, University of Michigan, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, SPC 5330 Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5330, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Although infertility is now recognized as a disease by multiple organizations including the World Health Organization and the American Medical Association, private insurance companies rarely include coverage for infertility treatments. In this review, the authors assess the current state of care delivery for male infertility care in the United States. They discuss the scope of male infertility as well as the unique burdens it places on patients and review emerging market forces that could affect the future of care delivery for male infertility. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ucl.2019.12.006DOI Listing

Organizational and Financial Analysis of Polish Tobacco Control Program in 2000-2018.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Apr 7;17(7). Epub 2020 Apr 7.

American Cancer Society, 250 Williams St., Atlanta, GA 30303, USA.

In accordance with the provisions of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), each country shall promote and strengthen public awareness of tobacco control issues (Article 12). Many parties to the FCTC have adopted national tobacco control programs to organize their tobacco control activities. The aim of our study was to analyze the organization and funding of the Polish Tobacco Control Program in years 2000-2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072532DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7177951PMC

Sudden Death Associated With Sickle Cell Trait Before and After Mandatory Screening.

Sports Health 2020 May/Jun;12(3):241-245. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Background: Sickle cell trait (SCT) has been associated with an increased risk of sudden death in athletes during strenuous exercise. In August 2010, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) began requiring athletes to be screened for SCT, provide proof of SCT status, or sign a waiver and launched an educational campaign for athletes, coaches, and medical staff. The impact of this program is unknown. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1941738120915690DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222668PMC

Understanding and Preventing Attacks on Health Facilities During Armed Conflict in Syria.

Authors:
Abdulaziz Omar

Risk Manag Healthc Policy 2020 18;13:191-203. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Despite healthcare facilities being deemed untouchable in times of conflict, the war in Syria has seen its government as well as opposition forces, target their people and infrastructure as a strategy of war. Violations of medical neutrality and International Humanitarian Law has led to the loss of countless medical personnel, civilians and health care facilities; setting the country back to health levels last seen thirty years ago. It is evident through the strategy of the Syrian and Russian government that healthcare facilities are being deliberately targeted with humanitarian organisations condemning all parties involved for violating the Geneva Conventions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S237256DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7098166PMC

Who smokes in Europe? Data from 12 European countries in the TackSHS survey (2017-2018).

J Epidemiol 2020 Apr 4. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Institut Català d'Oncologia, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat.

Background: Population data on tobacco use and its determinants require continuous monitoring and careful inter-country comparison. We aimed to provide the most up-to-date estimates on tobacco smoking from a large cross-sectional survey, conducted in selected European countries.

Methods: Within the TackSHS Project, a face-to-face survey on smoking was conducted in 2017-2018 in 12 countries: Bulgaria, England, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, Romania and Spain, representing around 80% of the 432 million European Union (EU) adult population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20190344DOI Listing

Legal Steps to Secure the Tobacco Supply Chain: A Case Study of Poland.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 03 20;17(6). Epub 2020 Mar 20.

American Cancer Society, 250 Williams St., Atlanta, GA 30303, USA.

The threat of tobacco tax evasion and avoidance is the most commonly mentioned argument against tax hikes. Increasingly, the focus of legislators is on leaks in the tobacco crop supply chain, in which raw or cured tobacco that was never taxed finds its way to smokers. To study the process undertaken by Poland to secure the tobacco supply chain, we analyzed the 2013-2018 legislation around tobacco supply and interviewed a key stakeholder in the Government of Poland. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062055DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7143039PMC

Audio and panoramic video recording in the operating room: legal and ethical perspectives.

J Med Ethics 2020 Apr 2. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Law, Insurance Research Center, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Introduction: The idea of video recording (VR) in the operating room (OR) with panoramic cameras and microphones is a new concept that is changing the approach to medical activities in the OR. However, VR in the OR has brought up many concerns regarding patient privacy and has highlighted legal and ethical issues that were never previously exposed.

Aim: To review the literature concerning these aspects and provide a better ethical and legal understanding of the new challenges concerning VR in the OR. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2019-106056DOI Listing

Improving Medical-Legal Advance Care Planning.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Health Care System, San Francisco, California, USA.

The importance of advance care planning (ACP) has been increasingly recognized by health systems. However, 46%-76% of patients report engaging in ACP with lawyers, whereas only a minority report doing so with physicians. In the U. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.004DOI Listing

Governmental Public Health Powers During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Stay-at-home Orders, Business Closures, and Travel Restrictions.

JAMA 2020 Apr 2. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Washington College of Law, American University, Washington, DC.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.5460DOI Listing

A Pilot Study Regarding Pharmacy Law Education Across Doctor of Pharmacy Programs.

Am J Pharm Educ 2020 02;84(2):7172

Keck Graduate Institute, School of Pharmacy, Claremont, California.

To describe the features of pharmacy law education in Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) programs in the United States. A review of the literature found no prior published data describing the delivery of pharmacy law education across PharmD programs in the United States. Members of the Pharmacy Law Educators Subcommittee of the American Society for Pharmacy Law (ASPL) developed questions for a survey. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5688/ajpe7172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7092790PMC
February 2020

"The Living Monument": The Desegregation of Grady Memorial Hospital and the Changing South.

Am Surg 2020 Mar;86(3):213-219

†Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Grady Memorial Hospital is a pillar of public medical and surgical care in the Southeast. The evolution of this institution, both in its physical structure as well as its approach to patient care, mirrors the cultural and social changes that have occurred in the American South. Grady Memorial Hospital opened its doors in 1892 built in the heart of Atlanta's black community. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source