6,467 results match your criteria American Journal Of Infection Control[Journal]


Customizing the indication of chlorhexidine mouthwash for critically ill patients: A reply letter to Honore P.M. and colleagues.

Am J Infect Control 2022 Jun;50(6):715-716

Department of Social Medicine, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo. Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

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Dental care and hospital mortality in ICU patients.

Am J Infect Control 2022 Jun;50(6):714-715

Department of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address:

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A SARS-CoV-2 outbreak associated with vaccine breakthrough in an acute care hospital.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Infectious Disease Control Division Citizens' Health Bureau, Seoul Metropolitan Government, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: We aimed to analyze an outbreak caused by a vaccine breakthrough infection in a hospital with an active infection control program where 91.9% of health care workers were vaccinated.

Methods: We investigated a SARS-CoV-2 outbreak between September 9 and October 2, 2021, in a referral teaching hospital in Korea. Read More

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Antibiotic Stewardship with Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Patients at Student Health Centers: Providers' Communication Experiences and Strategies.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Communication Arts and Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA 16802. Electronic address:

Background: Effective provider-patient communication can improve antibiotic stewardship in primary care, but providers find it challenging to discuss antibiotics with patients. This study, focused on college student health centers, examines patients' tactics for obtaining antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and providers' communication strategies for improving patient understanding and reducing demand.

Methods: Health care providers (N = 103) employed at student health centers on large and primarily residential college campuses in the U. Read More

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Viral transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2 accelerates in the winter, similarly to influenza epidemics.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Biomedical Science Association, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: The transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2 is anticipated to increase in the winter because of increased viral survival in cold damp air and thus would exacerbate viral spread in community. Analysis to capture the seasonal trend is needed for monitoring, prevention, and controls.

Methods: We compared regression models for the 5-week case prior to each epidemic peak week for both the Covid-19 and influenza epidemics in winter and summer. Read More

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Bacterial diversity of hospital water tanks and the efficacy of hydrogen peroxide based cleaning: experience in a tertiary care center in India.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Engineering, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Aims And Objectives: - Hospital water is often an overlooked yet preventable source of hospital-acquired infections. CDC recommends annual cleaning of water reservoirs in healthcare settings. In our tertiary care hospital, periodic disinfection and microbiological surveillance of all the water tanks in hospital premises is carried out. Read More

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Response to the letter to the editor: "Wearing a white coat in theory class during medical school, is it justified? ".

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address:

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SARS-CoV-2 genomic surveillance as an evidence-based infection control approach in an offshore petroleum employee population.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

BioInfoExperts LLC, Thibodaux, LA.

Objectives: . Industrial hygienists (IH) in the oil and gas business instituted an extraordinary number of safety protocols to limit spread of SARS-CoV-2 onto offshore platforms in the Gulf of Mexico. We used genomic surveillance to provide actionable information concerning the efficacy of their efforts. Read More

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Dodging the Bundle - Persistent Healthcare-Associated Rhinovirus Infection throughout the Pandemic.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Department of Infection Prevention and Control, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA.

Introduction: Healthcare-associated viral infections (HAVI) are a common cause of patient harm in the pediatric population. We implemented a HAVI prevention bundle in 2015, which included 6 core elements: caregiver screening, symptom-based isolation, personal protective equipment (PPE), hand hygiene, staff illness procedures, and monitoring of environmental cleanliness. Enhanced bundle elements were introduced at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, which provided an opportunity to observe the effectiveness of the bundle with optimal adherence to prevention practices, and to measure the impact on respiratory HAVI epidemiology. Read More

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Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on an emergency department-based opt-out HIV screening program in a South Florida hospital: An interrupted time series analysis, July 2018-March 2021.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Division of Infectious Disease, Memorial Healthcare System, Hollywood, FL 33021, USA.. Electronic address:

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has posed a tremendous burden on healthcare services. We evaluated its impact on an emergency department (ED)-based opt-out HIV testing in a public healthcare system.

Methods: The programmatic data of ED-based HIV testing from July 2018 to March 2021 at the Memorial Regional Hospital, Hollywood, Florida was analyzed by interrupted time series analysis to evaluate the immediate and gradual effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the number of monthly HIV tests, with an interruption point at March 2020. Read More

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Using PDSA cycles to improve oral care compliance.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Duke University School of Nursing, 307 Trent Drive, Durham, NC 27710; Duke University Hospital, Infection Prevention and Hospital Epidemiology, 2301 Erwin Road, Durham, NC 27710. Electronic address:

Oral care has been shown to reduce hospital-associated pneumonia (HAP) rates, however, compliance with this practice is suboptimal. Using quality improvement PDSA cycles over an 8-week period, we saw improvements in oral care documentation compliance through statistical process control charts; HAP rates did not significantly decrease. Infection prevention leadership should consider regularly incorporating PDSA cycles to improve compliance with evidence-based infection prevention practices. Read More

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A self-reported survey on the implementation of Infection Prevention and Control elements in Indian hospitals, part of a HAI surveillance network: results from 23 hospitals conducting a standardized IPC assessment.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

MD, Senior Resident, Department of Microbiology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Background: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are one of the most common adverse events in patient care that account for substantial morbidity and mortality. We evaluate the existing Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) practices in hospitals participating in the nationally representative HAI Surveillance network.

Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in 23 hospitals across 22 states of India from October-2015 - September-2018 in the HAI surveillance network. Read More

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Risk factors for catheter-related infection in children with cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais/EBSERH, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil; Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Rationale: To understand the risk factors for catheter-related infection during treatment of pediatric cancer is essential to implement measures to prevent its occurrence.

Objective: We performed a comprehensive systematic review of the literature with meta-analysis to identify and synthesize the main risk factors for catheter-related infection in children undergoing oncological treatment.

Methods: Systematic searches were conducted in Medline, Embase, Lilacs, and BVS (Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde) until January 2022, following PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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Comparing the Microbial Removal Efficacy of New and Reprocessed Microfiber on Healthcare Surfaces.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Infection Prevention and Control, Texoma Medical Center.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggests that microfiber is preferred for environmental cleaning and disinfection given its enhanced microbial removal. There has been controversy surrounding the sustained efficacy of reprocessed microfiber, though existing literature on the topic lacks standardized laundering parameters. The present study demonstrates that reprocessed microfiber cloths and pads, laundered according to CDC laundry parameters, achieve microbial removal from healthcare surfaces that is substantially equivalent to that of new microfiber. Read More

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Trends in Clostridioides difficile Infection across a Public Health Hospital System in New York City 2019-2021: A Cautionary Note.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

Division of Infectious Diseases, NYC Health+Hospitals/Kings County, Brooklyn, NY.

Contrary to national reports, rates of healthcare facility-onset Clostridioides difficile infection across an 11-hospital system rose after the spring of 2020, when New York City was the epicenter for the COVID-19 pandemic. Antibiotic pressure from an escalation in cephalosporin usage correlated with this increase. The majority of cases of C. Read More

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Pseudomonas aeruginosa left ventricular assist device (LVAD) driveline infection acquired from the bathroom at home.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

We describe a patient with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa acquired at home. The Pseudomonas from the driveline was similar to several surface cultures of the patient's home shower. This case illustrates the potential and importance of infection prevention measures at home. Read More

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Efficacy of a Bioburden Reduction Intervention on Mobile Phones of Critical Care Nurses.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

College of Nursing, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE.

Background: Current literature identifies mobile phones of staff as potential vectors for hospital-acquired infection.

Methods: A pre-post, quasi-experimental study was conducted in a 20-bed intensive care unit (ICU). Surface bioburden of personal and shared mobile phones was estimated with a luminometer, expressed in Relative Light Units (RLU). Read More

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An Interprofessional Approach to Reducing Hospital-Onset Clostridioides difficile Infections.

Am J Infect Control 2022 Feb 23. Epub 2022 Feb 23.

Infectious Diseases Pharmacy Specialist, Emory Saint Joseph's Hospital of Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: Clostridioides difficile is the most prevalent hospital-onset (HO) infection. There are significant financial and safety impacts associated with HO-C. difficile infections (HO-CDIs) for both patients and healthcare organizations. Read More

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February 2022

The bactericidal effect of far-UVC on ESBL-producing Escherichia coli.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine.

Because extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) infections can cause life-threatening disease and effective treatments need to be developed, we examined the bactericidal effect of far-ultraviolet C (far-UVC) light therapy on ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli). The bactericidal effect on two types of ESBL-producing E. Read More

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'Hands off hand hygiene training': implementation of a COVID safe auditor training program.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Infection Prevention Department, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne VIC; National Centre for Infections in Cancer (NCIC), Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne VIC.

Optimal hand hygiene practices reduce the risk of healthcare-associated infections, especially in high-risk settings of immunocompromised patients. In 2020, face-to-face learning was disallowed in the environment of COVID-19 transmission. We developed a revised learning program for hand hygiene auditors for our cancer care facility. Read More

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Effect of Educational Intervention on Nurses' Perception and Practice of Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Maternal & Neonatal Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University. Electronic address:

Background: Nurse involvement in antimicrobial stewardship programs is insufficient, which limits the programs' effectiveness.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of the training programs on nurses' perception and practice of antimicrobial stewardship to embed it in practice.

Methods: A quasi-experimental study without a control group was conducted on 115 nurses. Read More

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Association of Masking Policies with Mask Adherence and Distancing during the SARS-COV-2 Pandemic.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 8. Epub 2022 May 8.

Kaiser Permanente, Southern California, Research and Evaluation, Pasadena, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Quantification of the impact of local masking policies may help guide future policy interventions to reduce SARS-COV-2 disease transmission. This study's objective was to identify factors associated with adherence to masking and social distancing guidelines.

Methods: Faculty from 16 U. Read More

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Implementation of an electronic, secure web-based application to support routine hand hygiene observation with immediate direct feedback and anonymised benchmarking.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 7. Epub 2022 May 7.

Infectious diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, Cantonal Hospital of St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland; Infectious diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, Children's Hospital of Eastern Switzerland, St. Gallen, Switzerland.

A secure web-based electronic tool was developed and implemented to record adherence to hand hygiene in the routine and to provide direct feedback including anonymised benchmarking. It was found suitable for documenting hand hygiene improvements in a local campaign and following rollout to other institutions in 2013, the tool is currently used in >100 hospitals in Switzerland and will play a major part in upcoming national hand hygiene campaigns. Read More

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Parent-Reported Penicillin Allergies in Children: A Qualitative Study: Parent-Reported Penicillin Allergies in Children.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 7. Epub 2022 May 7.

University of Connecticut Department of Allied Health Sciences, Storrs, CT.

Background: Approximately 5 million children have a reported allergy to penicillin. Most reported penicillin allergies are false, resulting in the unnecessary selection of alternative antibiotic treatments that promote antibiotic resistance. While formal allergy testing is encouraged to establish a diagnosis of penicillin allergy, children are rarely referred for allergy testing, and study of parents' experiences and perceptions of their child's reported penicillin allergy is limited. Read More

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Recommendations for Change in Infection Prevention Programs and Practice.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 4. Epub 2022 May 4.

System Infection Prevention and Control, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI, One Ford Place, Detroit, MI, 48202.

Fifty years of evolution in infection prevention and control programs have involved significant accomplishments related to clinical practices, methodologies, and technology. However, regulatory mandates, and resource and research limitations, coupled with emerging infection threats such as the COVID-19 pandemic, present considerable challenges for infection preventionists. This article provides guidance and recommendations in fourteen key areas. Read More

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"Unite for safety - clean your hands": The 5 May 2022 World Health Organization SAVE LIVES: Clean your hands campaign.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May;50(5):588-590

Department of Infection Control, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address:

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Disinfection efficacy of ozone on ESKAPE bacteria biofilms: Potential use in difficult-to-access medical devices.

Am J Infect Control 2022 Apr 26. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

División de Investigación, Hospital Juárez de México, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address:

Background: Medical devices can be reservoirs of multidrug-resistant bacteria that may be involved in the acquisition of infections since bacteria with the ability to form biofilms that are difficult to eradicate, mainly in mechanical ventilators. The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of O against biofilms of bacteria ESKAPE group through disinfection studies.

Methods: The formation of biofilms of ESKAPE group bacteria was induced in vitro. Read More

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The in vitro Efficacy of Betadine Antiseptic Solution and Colloidal Silver Gel Combination in Inhibiting the Growth of Bacterial Biofilms.

Am J Infect Control 2022 Apr 16. Epub 2022 Apr 16.

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock Texas 79430. Electronic address:

Introduction: Betadine (Povidone-Iodine) solution is a topically applied antiseptic, which has been used routinely used in wound care and general surgery to prevent skin and wound infections. However, several studies have documented the ineffectiveness of betadine. Other topical antimicrobial dressings, including those that contain silver, have been used in the management of infected wounds. Read More

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Reported exposure trends among healthcare personnel COVID-19 cases, USA, March 2020-March 2021.

Am J Infect Control 2022 May 14;50(5):548-554. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Cincinnati, OH.

Background: Health care personnel (HCP) have experienced significant SARS-CoV-2 risk, but exposure settings among HCP COVID-19 cases are poorly characterized.

Methods: We assessed exposure settings among HCP COVID-19 cases in the United States from March 2020 to March 2021 with reported exposures (n = 83,775) using national COVID-19 surveillance data. Exposure setting and reported community incidence temporal trends were described using breakpoint estimation. Read More

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Health care-associated infections studies project: An American Journal of Infection Control and National Healthcare Safety Network Data Quality Collaboration Case Study - Chapter 9 Surgical site infection event (SSI) case study.

Am J Infect Control 2022 Apr 10. Epub 2022 Apr 10.

Professional Disposables International, Department of Clinical Affairs, Woodcliff Lake, NJ.

This case study is part of a series centered on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) healthcare-associated infection (HAI) surveillance definitions. This specific case study focuses on the application of common surveillance concepts included in the Patient Safety Component, Chapter 9 - Surgical Site Infection Event (SSI). The intent of the case study series is to foster standardized application of the NHSN HAI surveillance definitions and encourage accurate HAI event determination among Infection Preventionists (IPs). Read More

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