2,240 results match your criteria American Journal Of Community Psychology[Journal]


Muxeres en Acción: The Power of Community Cultural Wealth in Latinas Organizing for Health Equity.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA.

Community psychology, despite its commitment to social justice, is prone to engage in deficit-based perspectives that do not appropriately capture the strengths of Latinx communities. Given these limitations, we use a Community Cultural Wealth (CCW) (Yosso, 2005) framework to describe how muxeres, Latina women who identify as promotoras, madres, and mamás, leveraged their political power and culturally informed leadership to improve the health and well-being of their communities. We highlight instances from our fieldwork, witnessing the agency of muxeres en acción for health equity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12442DOI Listing

Scholarship for Social Change: Reflections of an Accidental Academic.

Authors:
Meg A Bond

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, USA.

In this article, I describe how I stumbled my way into an academic career doing research to promote social change toward greater equity and inclusion. I reflect on how my path has been informed by my own experiences with harassment, marginalization, and privilege. These reflections build upon the belief that we are all informed by our histories, vantage points, and social locations and that those forces shape the questions we ask, the way we ask them, how and where we look for evidence, and what we do with the results once we get them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12440DOI Listing

The Urban American Indian Traditional Spirituality Program: Promoting Indigenous Spiritual Practices for Health Equity.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

American Indian Health & Family Services of Southeast Michigan, Inc., Detroit, MI, USA.

Beginning in 2009, Detroit's urban American Indian health center entered into a collaborative and participatory partnership with a university research team. The purpose of the partnership was to incorporate Indigenous traditional healing practices into the health and wellness services at this center. Following extensive consultation with stakeholders at the center, we were commissioned by local decision-makers to develop a program tailored for members of the urban American Indian community that would introduce and orient these individuals to meaningful participation in Indigenous traditional spirituality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12436DOI Listing

Youth Participatory Action Research for Health Equity: Increasing Youth Empowerment and Decreasing Physical Activity Access Inequities in Under-resourced Programs and Schools.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

To address gaps in the youth participation and adolescent physical activity (PA) promotion literature, we examined the feasibility of youth participatory action research (YPAR) in (a) general aftercare (YPAR only) and (b) with a physical activity intervention, (YPAR + PA) to reach marginalized youth and impact individual empowerment and second-order change for equitable PA access. We intervened during middle school, a developmental stage conducive to changing health habits. We used a concurrent, mixed-method triangulation design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12433DOI Listing

Inherently Political? Associations of Parent Ethnic-Racial Socialization and Sociopolitical Discussions with Latinx Youths' Emergent Civic Engagement.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

The current study expands on ethnic-racial socialization (ERS) among Latinx families to include sociopolitical discussions as a way to better understand how these practices relate to adolescents' developmental outcomes, including their ethnic-racial identity (ERI) and their sociopolitical development. More specifically, we examined whether there were direct links between parental ERS practices and sociopolitical discussions at home and adolescents' emergent participatory citizenship via their ERI processes (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12435DOI Listing

Engaging with the Richmond Community to Reduce Pediatric Asthma Disparities: Findings from a Community-engaged Needs Assessment.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.

Childhood asthma disparities persist, with children living in low-income areas experiencing worse morbidity. We partnered with a community-academic research team and stakeholders to conduct a needs assessment to understand barriers and supports to asthma treatment. We convened a community advisory board, comprised of parents of children with asthma, youth with asthma, and members of key community organizations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12439DOI Listing

Attachment Tendencies, Big 5 Personality Traits, and Self-Efficacy as Predictors of Mentors' Relationships with Aggressive Children.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Independent Consultant in Portland, Portland, OR, USA.

Youth mentoring is theorized as a relationship-based intervention in which a strong mentor-mentee bond functions as a mediator of positive outcomes. Given evidence for the importance of a positive relationship, the current study investigated whether differences in mentors' self-reported attachment tendencies (avoidance and ambivalence), Big Five personality traits, and self-efficacy predicted match quality after one academic semester. We also tested whether mentors' experience of conflict in the relationship moderated the relation between these characteristics and match quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12437DOI Listing

Safe Spaces Embedded in Dangerous Contexts: How Chicago Youth Navigate Daily Life and Demonstrate Resilience in High-Crime Neighborhoods.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Much is known about how experiences of community violence negatively affect youth, but far less research has explored how youth remain resilient while living in dangerous neighborhoods. This study addresses this need by analyzing in-depth, geo-narrative interviews conducted with 15 youth (60% Black, 27% Latinx, 53% female, 14 to 17 years old) residing in low-income, high-crime Chicago neighborhoods to explore youths' perceptions of safety and strategies for navigating neighborhood space. After carrying geographical positioning system (GPS) trackers for an eight-day period, youths' travel patterns were mapped, and these maps were used as part of an interview with youth that explored daily routines, with special consideration paid to where and when youth felt safe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12434DOI Listing

Changing the Criminal Justice System Response to Sexual Assault: An Empirical Study of a Participatory Action Research Project.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 8. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

RTI International, Chicago, IL, USA.

In jurisdictions throughout the United States, thousands of sexual assault kits (SAKs; also known as a "rape kits") have not been submitted by the police for forensic DNA testing. DNA evidence may be helpful to sexual assault investigations and prosecutions by identifying perpetrators, revealing serial offenders through DNA matches across cases, and exonerating those who have been wrongly accused. This paper describes a longitudinal action research project conducted in Detroit, Michigan after that city discovered approximately 11,000 untested sexual assault kits in a police department storage facility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12428DOI Listing

Use of Research Evidence Generated by Youth: Conceptualization and Applications in Diverse U.S. K-12 Educational Settings.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

University of California-Berkeley School of Public Health, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Youth-Led Participatory Action Research (YPAR) is a social justice-focused approach for promoting social change and positive youth development in which youth conduct systematic research and actions to improve their schools and communities. Although YPAR is oriented to generating research for action, with evidence-based recommendations often aimed at influencing adults with power over settings and systems that shape youths' lives, we have little understanding of how YPAR evidence influences the thinking and/or actions of adult policymakers or practitioners. In general, the participatory research field lacks a theoretically informed "use of research evidence" lens, while the use of evidence field lacks consideration of the special case and implications of participatory research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12425DOI Listing

Community Organizing and Transformative Change in the Response to Domestic Violence in India.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA.

Pervasive cultural narratives that normalize domestic violence have made efforts to respond to domestic violence in India challenging. An effective response to domestic violence in India needs to be transformative in nature, supporting the empowerment of survivors of violence and empowering communities to support survivors. Various studies have highlighted the importance of settings like grassroots organizations for promoting empowerment of members through community organizing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12427DOI Listing

Community Organizing and Counter Narratives in the Response to Domestic Violence in India.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA.

Domestic violence affects women globally. Domestic violence in India is embedded in structures of patriarchy, cultural norms, and a conservative social structure (Biswas, 2017). Community narratives help to create meaning and impact human behavior and can be tools of empowerment (Rappaport, 1995). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12426DOI Listing

Measurement of Social Processes at the Neighborhood Level in Baltimore City.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Apr 27. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Flint, MI, USA.

Small-area ecological research is critical to inform place-based interventions at the neighborhood level; however, objective measurement of the social context has been limited. The current study extends the application of the Neighborhood Inventory for Environmental Typology (NIfETy) through the development and evaluation of measures of social context for a longer period of observation (3 years) and at a larger area of aggregation (census tract clusters) compared to previous studies using measures at the block-face level from a single observation. Observations from the 172-item inventory were collected from a random sample of block faces (n = 793) in Baltimore City annually over a three-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12424DOI Listing

A Winding Road to Peace Building: Longitudinal Outcomes of a Peace Intervention for Survivors and Génocidaires of the 1994 Genocide Against the Tutsi in Rwanda.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Apr 27. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Christian Action for Reconciliation and Social Assistance (CARSA), Kigali, Rwanda.

This longitudinal study examined outcomes of a local peace-building intervention that applied principles of intergroup contact to promote reconciliation between génocidaires and survivors whom they have directly harmed during the 1994 Genocide Against the Tutsi in Rwanda. Individual interviews were conducted with 46 génocidaires and 45 survivors whom they have directly harmed during the genocide at 7-time points over the course of their 22-month participation in three programmatic activities (workshops, cell groups, and cooperative cow raising). One thousand bootstrapped samples generated to measure changes in outcomes indicated that survivors and génocidaires regarded themselves and those who directly impacted them during the genocide more positively after 22 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12423DOI Listing

Empowering Features and Outcomes of Homeless Interventions: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Mar 16. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

The purpose of this systematic review and narrative synthesis was to identify homeless interventions with empowering features and evaluate their effectiveness for developing the psychological empowerment of services users. To identify and evaluate intervention studies, we combined the theoretical frameworks of empowering settings and psychological empowerment (PE). Our conceptualization of PE included outcomes aligned with the intrapersonal, interactional, and behavioral components. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12422DOI Listing

Attempting Randomized Housing First Research in a Community Context: Reflections on Failure.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Mar 9. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Pathways Housing First Institute, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

The Housing First (HF) model of permanent supportive housing for individuals experiencing chronic homelessness has a strong evidence base that has largely been driven by researchers in the field of community psychology in partnership with community-based organizations. However, important gaps in the HF literature remain. Implementing rigorous research designs to further the evidence for HF requires immense resources to fund both the housing intervention and the research activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12421DOI Listing

Using Concept Mapping to Operationalize Mental Well-Being for Men and Boys.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Feb 29. Epub 2020 Feb 29.

Department of Child and Family Studies, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.

A primary purpose of many prevention-oriented interventions is to improve the general well-being and quality of life for individuals and their communities. Unfortunately, well-being is often poorly defined, with definitions embracing related issues of quality of life, happiness, and physical health. Mental well-being as a concept is also poorly defined, particularly for different population groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12419DOI Listing
February 2020

Christian and Political Conservatism Predict Opposition to Sexual and Gender Minority Rights through Support for Christian Hegemony.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Feb 27. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA.

Although significant strides have been made for sexual and gender minority (SGM) rights in the United States, there continues to be opposition to SGM rights from many conservative Christians and political conservatives. In this study, we investigate this opposition by examining support for Christian hegemony (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12420DOI Listing
February 2020

Randomized Controlled Trial of a Multilevel Intervention to Address Social Determinants of Refugee Mental Health.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 17;65(3-4):272-289. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Center for Social Policy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

Understanding processes that support the well-being of the unprecedented numbers of forcibly displaced people throughout the world is essential. Growing evidence documents post-migration stressors related to marginalization as key social determinants of refugee mental health. The goal of this RCT was to rigorously test a social justice approach to reducing high rates of distress among refugees in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12418DOI Listing

Neighborhood Violent Crime and Academic Performance: A Geospatial Analysis.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 3;65(3-4):343-352. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Rutgers University School of Criminal Justice, Newark, NJ, USA.

Decades of empirical work have confirmed that experiences with violence are associated with a variety of adverse behavioral and mental health as well as academic outcomes for children and adolescents. Yet this research largely has relied on indirect measures of exposure. In this study, we apply geospatial analysis to examine the relation between neighborhood violent crime (via police reports) and academic performance (via school-level standardized test proficiency rates). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12417DOI Listing

A Reflective Thrive-Oriented Community Resilience Scale.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 24;65(3-4):467-478. Epub 2020 Jan 24.

Human Dimensions Monitoring Program, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Newport, OR, USA.

There is substantial societal, policy, and research interest in community resilience as a way to better understand and enhance community thriving in the face of natural hazards, economic disruption, and other challenges. However, partly or fully formative community resilience measures potentially conflate resilience predictors and indicators, thereby constraining the assessment of factors promoting resilience. Based on a general population survey (N = 1,072) in rural, coastal Oregon, USA, we evaluated a 6-item reflective thrive-oriented scale of perceived community resilience that provides a stronger foundation for assessing the contribution of resilience predictors such as community leadership or social capital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12416DOI Listing

Resilience, Coloniality, and Sovereign Acts: The Role of Community Activism.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 03 16;65(1-2):3-12. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras, PR, USA.

Puerto Rico has been a U.S. colony since 1898. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12415DOI Listing

Meaningful Engagement in Research: Community Residents as Co-creators of Knowledge.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 7;65(3-4):261-271. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Community psychologists have contributed significantly to the body of literature on community-based participatory research (CBPR) and its application in understanding and addressing health and community participation disparities. At the core of CBPR are mutually beneficial partnerships with communities, whereby community members' voices are heard and they become co-researchers, helping guide the research process. In this article, I argue that for community psychologists to change the landscape of community participation, health, and well-being disparities experienced by many vulnerable populations who often face multiple forms of oppression, CBPR needs to be transformative and emancipatory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12414DOI Listing

Building Communities in Tense Times: Fostering Connectedness Between Cultures and Generations through Community Arts.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 26;65(3-4):437-454. Epub 2019 Dec 26.

Sherpa Research Center, Montréal, QC, Canada.

The worldwide upsurge in social polarizations generates intercommunity tensions that challenge the social fabric of urban neighborhoods and undermine the relationships between their members. Because community arts can foster the creation of connections between people that would not have been in contact otherwise, they are often perceived as being powerful tools to foster community resilience. Through a multiple case study approach, this article describes how three community arts projects, carried out in two socioeconomically deprived neighborhoods of Montreal (Canada), influenced the social relationships between participants from diverse ethnocultural backgrounds and generations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12411DOI Listing

A Two-way Street: Mentor Stress and Depression Influence Relational Satisfaction and Attachment in Youth Mentoring Relationships.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 20;65(3-4):455-466. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Psychological Sciences, William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA, USA.

Over the past two decades, youth mentoring programs have increased in popularity as an intervention for children exposed to a range of stressful life circumstances. Such programs have been shown to promote positive youth development and reduce risk for emotional and behavioral problems; yet, the effect size of youth gains remains small. The current study examined the influence of college student mentors' history of early life stress and baseline depressive symptoms on their effectiveness in youth mentoring relationships using 340 randomized mentor-youth pairs from College Mentors for Kids, a well-established mentoring program with chapters across the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12412DOI Listing

Triangulating School Climate: Areas of Convergence and Divergence Across Multiple Levels and Perspectives.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 20;65(3-4):423-436. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Curry School of Education and Human Development, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Students often have differing perceptions of their school's climate. Although these subjective perceptions can be meaningful outcome predictors, discrepancies create challenges for those seeking to globally characterize or intervene to improve the climate of a school. Trained, independent  observers can provide insights on perceptible and ostensibly malleable aspects of the school; however, the extent to which these observations help us to understand differences in students' report of school climate has not been examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12410DOI Listing

Marginalized Identities, Trump-Related Distress, and the Mental Health of Underrepresented College Students.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 12;65(3-4):381-396. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

The current study sought to determine whether holding targeted marginalized identities was associated with greater experiences of distress related to Trump's presidency and whether participants' level of Trump-related distress predicted decrements in mental health. Participants in the current longitudinal study included 338 underrepresented college students attending a predominantly White institution. Results indicated that individuals who held targeted marginalized identities reported greater Trump-related distress compared to their non-targeted counterparts, and that holding multiple targeted marginalized identities was associated with greater levels of Trump-related distress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12407DOI Listing

"They Dumped Me Like Trash": The Social and Psychological Toll of Victimization on Latino Day Laborers' Lives.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 10;65(3-4):369-380. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

Suzanne Dworak Peck School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Although recent rhetoric links undocumented immigrants to criminality, reports indicate undocumented immigrants commit less crime than their native-born counterparts and that this vulnerable group may be at increased risk for criminal victimization. Immigrants living in new immigrant settlement cities may be particularly at risk for exposure to criminal victimization due to the vulnerabilities associated with a lack of an established Latino community and limited availability of culturally appropriate social services to provide support. This ethnographic study examines the experiences of victimization and its social and psychological toll of a street-recruited sample of Latino day laborers (LDLs) (N = 25) living and working in Baltimore, a new immigrant settlement city. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12406DOI Listing

Racial Colorblindness and Confidence in and Likelihood of Action to Address Prejudice.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 6;65(3-4):407-422. Epub 2019 Dec 6.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA.

In this study, we examined the association between racial colorblindness and inaction to address prejudice. Conceptualized as a type of legitimizing ideology that maintains societal inequality, we hypothesized that colorblindness would be associated with less confidence in and lower likelihood of engaging in action to address prejudice. Our study examined the role of affective variables in explaining the link between colorblindness and inaction, as well as explored potential racial group differences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12409DOI Listing

Homeless Adults' Recovery Experiences in Housing First and Traditional Services Programs in Seven European Countries.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 2;65(3-4):353-368. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

APPsyCI - Applied Psychology Research Center Capabilities and Inclusion, ISPA-Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal.

Across Europe, as governments turn to housing-led strategies in attempts to reverse rising rates of homelessness, increasing numbers of Housing First (HF) programs are being implemented. As HF programs become more widespread, it is important to understand how service users experience them compared to the more prevalent traditional treatment-first approach to addressing long-term homelessness. Although there is a large body of research on service users' experiences of Housing First compared to treatment-first in North American contexts, comparatively less is known about how these two categories of homeless services are experienced in the European context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12404DOI Listing

Chicago Youths' Exposure to Community Violence: Contextualizing Spatial Dynamics of Violence and the Relationship With Psychological Functioning.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 2;65(3-4):332-342. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

This study explores where and when community violence exposure (CVE) matters for psychological functioning in a sample of low-income, racial/ethnic minority youth (M) age = 16.17, 55% female, 69% Black, and 31% Non-Black/Latinx) living in Chicago. CVE was measured with violent crime data that were geocoded in terms of distance from youths' home and school addresses, and then calculated in terms of three distinct spatial dynamics: chronicity, pervasiveness, and spatial proximity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12405DOI Listing

What Differences Do They See? Using Mixed Methods to Capture Adolescent Perceptions of Neighborhood Contexts.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 13;65(3-4):320-331. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, USA.

Recent neighborhood research emphasizes the importance of individuals' perceptions of their neighborhoods, as well as expands the definition of "neighborhood" to include the different contexts encountered during routine daily activities (Coulton et al., 2013; Kwan, 2012). The present study uses qualitative interviews, sketch mapping, and survey data to explore adolescents' experiences of different neighborhoods within their activity space. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12403DOI Listing

When Treatment is Traumatic: An Empirical Review of Interventions for Pediatric Medical Traumatic Stress.

Am J Community Psychol 2019 12 16;64(3-4):389-404. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

School of Graduate Psychology, Pacific University, Hillsboro, OR, USA.

Pediatric medical traumatic stress (PMTS) is common among injured/ill children and is associated with elevated distress, treatment non-adherence, and poor health outcomes. As survivorship of life-threatening pediatric injury and illness continues to increase alongside rapid medical advancements, rates of PMTS and negative sequelae are expected to grow; however, research on prevention and treatment of PMTS is limited. The current study sought to systematically review the literature using a developmental framework to highlight research gaps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12392DOI Listing
December 2019

Reducing the Biological and Psychological Toxicity of Poverty-related Stress: Initial Efficacy of the BaSICS Intervention for Early Adolescents.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 11;65(3-4):305-319. Epub 2019 Oct 11.

Penn State University Harrisburg, Middletown, PA, USA.

This proof-of-concept study tests the initial efficacy of the Building a Strong Identity and Coping Skills (BaSICS) intervention, a selective prevention of internalizing problems program for early adolescents exposed to high levels of poverty-related stress. Eighty-four early adolescents (M  = 11.36 years) residing in very low-income neighborhoods were randomized to receive the 16-session intervention (n = 44) or to an assessment-only control condition (n = 40). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12400DOI Listing
June 2020
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Applied and Translational Research on Trauma-Responsive Programs and Policy: Introduction to a Special Issue of the American Journal of Community Psychology.

Am J Community Psychol 2019 12 8;64(3-4):281-285. Epub 2019 Oct 8.

Helen Bader School of Social Welfare, University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

The special issue highlights work across systems that include child welfare, education, juvenile justice and health, as well as agencies serving adults who are at-risk for high levels of childhood and adult trauma exposure. While articles appearing in the special issue are not divided equally across these systems, they cover important and overlapping concepts within each. Some articles span more than a single system or domain of research, whereas others fit primarily within single area or domain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12402DOI Listing
December 2019

Evidence-Based Human Trafficking Policy: Opportunities to Invest in Trauma-Informed Strategies.

Am J Community Psychol 2019 12 8;64(3-4):348-358. Epub 2019 Oct 8.

Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center, Penn State University, State College, PA, USA.

Human trafficking is a critical social issue characterized by chronic trauma among victims, and frequently preceded by traumatic experiences that contribute to risk of victimization. Therefore, the research-based practice of trauma-informed care is a highly appropriate lens for both prevention and intervention. This work examines federal legislation in the United States related to human trafficking for references to trauma, as well as how the use of research could implicitly direct public policy responses toward trauma-informed approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12394DOI Listing
December 2019

Racialized Sexual Discrimination (RSD) in the Age of Online Sexual Networking: Are Young Black Gay/Bisexual Men (YBGBM) at Elevated Risk for Adverse Psychological Health?

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 6;65(3-4):504-523. Epub 2019 Oct 6.

Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Young Black gay/bisexual men (YBGBM) are a highly marginalized population across multiple health outcomes. Most research on YBGBM health has focused on HIV/sexual health, but there is a demonstrable need for research examining racism and psychosocial functioning among this population. Racialized Sexual Discrimination (RSD), also known as sexual racism, is an important but under-investigated phenomenon that may have implications for the psychological health and well-being of YBGBM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12401DOI Listing
June 2020
5 Reads

Continuum between Relational and Therapeutic Models of Self-help in Mental Health: A Qualitative Approach.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 6;65(3-4):290-304. Epub 2019 Oct 6.

Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy.

Self-help groups are generally described as "group[s] composed of individuals who meet on a regular basis to help one another cope with a life problem" (APA, 2019). Yet, it is challenging to find a univocal definition of self-help groups. Scholars usually use different labels to highlight various features of self-help groups, suggesting the need for further inquiry regarding commonalities and differences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12399DOI Listing

There is a Road, No Simple Highway: Musings on Rural Community Practice.

Authors:
Dennis F Mohatt

Am J Community Psychol 2020 03 1;65(1-2):13-15. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Behavioral Health, Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, Boulder, CO, USA.

The article was delivered as an invited address to the 2019 SCRA Biennial. The author, the 2019 recipient of the Award for Distinguished Contributions to Practice in Community Psychology, discusses the application of community psychology practice competencies to rural mental health practice and reviews the challenges faced by rural and remote residents, and the rural idyllic myth. The author shares musings and observations of key lessons learned from mentors and practice across over three decades. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12393DOI Listing

The Impact of Comprehensive Community Initiatives on Population-Level Child, Youth, and Family Outcomes: A Systematic Review.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 Jun 26;65(3-4):479-503. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.

Comprehensive community initiatives (CCIs) represent a popular method for creating systemic change, yet there is a dearth of evidence on their effectiveness (Zaff, Pufall Jones, Donlan, Lin, & Anderson, 2016). This article presents a systematic review of the evidence on the population-level impact of CCIs, focusing specifically on documented effects from studies using an experimental or quasi-experimental design. Of 1,947 articles identified through a database and hand search, 25 articles examining six different CCIs-most of which employed prevention science frameworks-met the review inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12398DOI Listing

An Examination of the Role of Mentees' Social Skills and Relationship Quality in a School-Based Mentoring Program.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 03 25;65(1-2):149-159. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Department of Psychology, Education and Child Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Research on youth mentoring highlights the importance of the relationship quality between mentor and mentee; mentoring results in more positive outcomes when the mentee perceives the relationship as satisfying and trustworthy. Research on relationship quality shows that social skills are important for constructing new relationships. However, whereas improved social skills are often one of the main goals of youth mentoring, little is known about the importance of social skills for relationship quality in youth mentoring relations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12397DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7154523PMC

Reliability and Validity of the Vicarious Trauma Organizational Readiness Guide (VT-ORG).

Am J Community Psychol 2019 12 18;64(3-4):481-493. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

The Institute for Health Equity and Social Justice Research, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.

The Vicarious Trauma Organizational Readiness Guide (VT-ORG) is an assessment of an organization's readiness to address vicarious trauma (VT), which is exposure to the traumatic experiences of people served. This study reports on the psychometric properties of the VT-ORG. Employees of first responder agencies (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12395DOI Listing
December 2019

A Systematic Review of Trauma Interventions in Native Communities.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 03 13;65(1-2):223-241. Epub 2019 Sep 13.

Department of Psychology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA.

American Indian/Alaska Native and First Nations communities suffer from health disparities associated with multiple forms of trauma exposure. Culturally appropriate interventions are needed to heal current and historical trauma wounds. Although there are evidence-based trauma interventions for other populations, few have been implemented or evaluated with Native communities. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajcp.12396
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12396DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243818PMC
March 2020
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Kids and Teens in Court (KTIC): A Model for Preparing Child Witnesses for Court.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 03 11;65(1-2):35-43. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Chadwick Center for Children and Families, Rady Children's Hospital - San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.

Each year, numerous children testify in the United States in either criminal, civil, or juvenile court cases. Typically, children who testify are alleged victims of sexual or physical abuse or neglect, witnesses to violent crime, or subjects in custodial hearings in civil court. As more maltreatment cases are prosecuted and child custody is contested, an increasing number of children are being called as witnesses in court. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12390DOI Listing

Enhancing Capacity for Trauma-informed Care in Child Welfare: Impact of a Statewide Systems Change Initiative.

Am J Community Psychol 2019 12 9;64(3-4):467-480. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

Connecticut Department of Children and Families, Hartford, CT, USA.

Youth involved in the child welfare system (CWS) are disproportionally impacted by the negative effects of exposure to trauma. While efforts to develop trauma-informed CWSs are accelerating, little research is available about the effects of these efforts on system capacity to respond to the needs of youth exposed to trauma. No studies evaluate longer-term effects of these efforts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12375DOI Listing
December 2019
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Co-Occurring Youth Profiles of Adverse Childhood Experiences and Protective Factors: Associations with Health, Resilience, and Racial Disparities.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 03 6;65(1-2):173-186. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

Department of Counseling, Clinical, & School Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA.

It is important to understand racial/ethnic differences in adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), given their relationship to long-term physical and mental health, and the public health cost of the significant disparities that exist. Moreover, in order to inform interventions and promote resilience, it is critical to examine protective factors that mitigate the relationship between adversity and poor health. The current study utilized latent transition analyses (LTA) to examine co-occurring profiles of ACEs and protective factors (from school, family, and community contexts) and links to health outcomes among 30,668 Black (10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12387DOI Listing

A Qualitative Systematic Review of Youth Participatory Action Research Implementation in U.S. High Schools.

Authors:
Amy J Anderson

Am J Community Psychol 2020 03 6;65(1-2):242-257. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

DePaul University, Chicago, IL, USA.

This qualitative systematic review examined the context-specific factors that influence the implementation of youth participatory action research (YPAR) projects in high schools within the United States. Thematic synthesis was conducted to identify and analyze the YPAR implementation factors that were present in 38 peer-reviewed studies. Results indicate the following two analytic themes concerning YPAR implementation in high schools: (a) pedagogical strategies and (b) stakeholder dynamics and needs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12389DOI Listing

Community Psychology and Indigenous Peoples.

Am J Community Psychol 2019 09 6;64(1-2):3-8. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

U.S. Veterans Health Administration Rocky Mountain Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, ‎Aurora, CO, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12383DOI Listing
September 2019

Living a Good Way of Life: Perspectives from American Indian and First Nation Young Adults.

Am J Community Psychol 2019 09 4;64(1-2):21-33. Epub 2019 Sep 4.

Johns Hopkins Center for American Indian Health, Duluth, MN, USA.

In this study, we respond to calls for strengths-based Indigenous research by highlighting American Indian and First Nations (Anishinaabe) perspectives on wellness. We engaged with Anishinaabe community members by using an iterative, collaborative Group Concept Mapping methodology to define strengths from a within-culture lens. Participants (n = 13) shared what it means to live a good way of life/have wellness for Anishinaabe young adults, ranked/sorted their ideas, and shared their understanding of the map. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12372DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6800209PMC
September 2019
3 Reads