4,353 results match your criteria American Journal Of Bioethics[Journal]


Pediatricians Awakened: Addressing Family Immigration Status as a Critical and Intersectional Social Determinant of Health.

Am J Bioeth 2019 Apr;19(4):69-72

c George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2019.1577643DOI Listing

Undocumented Migration and Evolving Health Care Ethical Issues.

Authors:
Nestor Rodriguez

Am J Bioeth 2019 Apr;19(4):58-60

a University of Texas at Austin.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2019.1572833DOI Listing

When Is It Ethical for Physician-Investigators to Seek Consent From Their Own Patients?

Am J Bioeth 2019 Apr;19(4):11-18

c University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine; Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics.

Classic statements of research ethics advise against permitting physician-investigators to obtain consent for research participation from patients with whom they have preexisting treatment relationships. Reluctance about "dual-role" consent reflects the view that distinct normative commitments govern physician-patient and investigator-participant relationships, and that blurring the research-care boundary could lead to ethical transgressions. However, several features of contemporary research demand reconsideration of the ethics of dual-role consent. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15265161.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2019.1572811DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Clinical Ethicists Awakened: Addressing Two Generations of Clinical Ethics Issues Involving Undocumented Patients.

Authors:
Mark Kuczewski

Am J Bioeth 2019 Apr;19(4):51-57

a Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine.

Because the United States has failed to provide a pathway to citizenship for its long-term undocumented population, clinical ethicists have more than 20 years of addressing issues that arise in caring for this population. I illustrate that these challenges fall into two sets of issues. First-generation issues involve finding ethical ways to treat and discharge patients who are uninsured and ineligible for safety-net resources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2019.1572812DOI Listing

The Equivalence Thesis: Why Timers Do Not Successfully Resuscitate the Acts/Omissions and Withdrawal/Withholding Debate.

Am J Bioeth 2019 Apr;19(4):W6-W9

c Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, University of Melbourne.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2019.1579604DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The DNA Test Results That Uncovered a Family Secret.

Authors:
Dani Shapiro

Am J Bioeth 2019 Apr;19(4):6-7

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2019.1579603DOI Listing

Why Insurance Companies Should Pay for Medical Cannabis.

Am J Bioeth 2019 Apr;19(4):8-10

b University of California San Francisco.

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15265161.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2019.1567193DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Withdrawal Aversion and the Equivalence Test.

Am J Bioeth 2019 Mar;19(3):21-28

a University of Oxford.

If a doctor is trying to decide whether or not to provide a medical treatment, does it matter ethically whether that treatment has already been started? Health professionals sometimes find it harder to stop a treatment (withdraw) than to refrain from starting the treatment (withhold). But does that feeling correspond to an ethical difference? In this article, we defend equivalence-the view that withholding and withdrawal of treatment are ethically equivalent when all other factors are equal. We argue that preference for withholding over withdrawal could represent a form of cognitive bias-withdrawal aversion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2019.1574465DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436546PMC

What to Expect When Expecting CRISPR Baby Number Four.

Am J Bioeth 2019 03;19(3):7-9

b Arizona State University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1562793DOI Listing

Withholding and Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment: Ethically Equivalent?

Am J Bioeth 2019 Mar;19(3):10-20

a Norwegian University of Science and Technology.

Withholding and withdrawing treatment are widely regarded as ethically equivalent in medical guidelines and ethics literature. Health care personnel, however, widely perceive moral differences between withholding and withdrawing. The proponents of equivalence argue that any perceived difference can be explained in terms of cognitive biases and flawed reasoning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1561961DOI Listing

Nancy Cruzan and the Withhold Versus Withdraw Dilemma.

Authors:
William H Colby

Am J Bioeth 2019 03;19(3):1-2

a Truman Medical Centers.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2019.1580964DOI Listing

Can Intersectionality Help Lead to More Accurate Diagnosis?

Authors:
Hae Lin Cho

Am J Bioeth 2019 02;19(2):37-39

a National Institutes of Health Clinical Center.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1557279DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383785PMC
February 2019

Transgender Children and the Right to Transition: Medical Ethics When Parents Mean Well but Cause Harm.

Authors:
Maura Priest

Am J Bioeth 2019 Feb;19(2):45-59

a Arizona State University.

In this article, I argue that (1) transgender adolescents should have the legal right to access puberty-blocking treatment (PBT) without parental approval, and (2) the state has a role to play in publicizing information about gender dysphoria. Not only are transgender children harmed psychologically and physically via lack of access to PBT, but PBT is the established standard of care. Given that we generally think that parental authority should not go so far as to (1) severally and permanently harm a child and (2) prevent a child from access to standard physical care, then it follows that parental authority should not encompass denying gender-dysphoric children access to PBT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1557276DOI Listing
February 2019

Intersectionality in Clinical Medicine: The Need for a Conceptual Framework.

Am J Bioeth 2019 Feb;19(2):8-19

d National Institutes of Health Clinical Center.

Intersectionality has become a significant intellectual approach for those thinking about the ways that race, gender, and other social identities converge in order to create unique forms of oppression. Although the initial work on intersectionality addressed the unique position of black women relative to both black men and white women, the concept has since been expanded to address a range of social identities. Here we consider how to apply some of the theoretical tools provided by intersectionality to the clinical context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1557275DOI Listing
February 2019

Whether, When, and How to Honor Advance VSED Requests for End-Stage Dementia Patients.

Am J Bioeth 2019 Jan;19(1):90-92

a Mitchell Hamline School of Law.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1544309DOI Listing
January 2019

Lessons From New York's Dementia Directive and Applications to Withholding Oral Feedings.

Authors:
Judith Schwarz

Am J Bioeth 2019 Jan;19(1):95-97

a End of Life Choices New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1544308DOI Listing
January 2019

Justifying a Surrogate's Request to Forego Oral Feeding.

Authors:
Paul T Menzel

Am J Bioeth 2019 Jan;19(1):92-94

a Pacific Lutheran University (Emeritus).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1544307DOI Listing
January 2019

Promoting Professionalism Through Virtue Ethics.

Am J Bioeth 2019 01;19(1):37-39

a Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans VA Medical Center, and The Academy for Professionalism in Health Care.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1545879DOI Listing
January 2019

We Can Do Something! Caring for the Ongoing Needs of an Undocumented Patient.

Authors:
Mark Kuczewski

Am J Bioeth 2019 Jan;19(1):82-83

a Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1544306DOI Listing
January 2019

Serious Ethical Violations in Medicine: A Statistical and Ethical Analysis of 280 Cases in the United States From 2008-2016.

Am J Bioeth 2019 Jan;19(1):16-34

a Washington University School of Medicine.

Serious ethical violations in medicine, such as sexual abuse, criminal prescribing of opioids, and unnecessary surgeries, directly harm patients and undermine trust in the profession of medicine. We review the literature on violations in medicine and present an analysis of 280 cases. Nearly all cases involved repeated instances (97%) of intentional wrongdoing (99%), by males (95%) in nonacademic medical settings (95%), with oversight problems (89%) and a selfish motive such as financial gain or sex (90%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1544305DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460481PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Genomic Contextualism: Shifting the Rhetoric of Genetic Exceptionalism.

Am J Bioeth 2019 01;19(1):51-63

d University of Cincinnati.

As genomic science has evolved, so have policy and practice debates about how to describe and evaluate the ways in which genomic information is treated for individuals, institutions, and society. The term genetic exceptionalism, describing the concept that genetic information is special or unique, and specifically different from other kinds of medical information, has been utilized widely, but often counterproductively in these debates. We offer genomic contextualism as a new term to frame the characteristics of genomic science in the debates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1544304DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6397766PMC
January 2019

Serious Ethical Violations by Physicians: What's the Solution?

Authors:
Ross E McKinney

Am J Bioeth 2019 01;19(1):11-12

a Association of American Medical Colleges.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1552037DOI Listing
January 2019

An Undocumented Immigrant With End-Stage Renal Disease.

Authors:
Leah Eisenberg

Am J Bioeth 2019 01;19(1):80-81

a University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2019.1545505DOI Listing
January 2019

Foregoing Spoon Feeding in End-Stage Dementia.

Authors:
Anita Tarzian

Am J Bioeth 2019 Jan;19(1):88-89

a University of Maryland School of Nursing.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2019.1545506DOI Listing
January 2019

Physician Sexual Assault: The Moral Imperative for Gender Equity in Medicine.

Authors:
Alyssa M Burgart

Am J Bioeth 2019 01;19(1):4-6

a Stanford University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1552036DOI Listing
January 2019

Toward More Effective Self-Regulation in Medicine.

Am J Bioeth 2019 01;19(1):7-10

b American Medical Association.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1554411DOI Listing
January 2019

Family Ethics and Public Policy: Beyond the Medical Model.

Am J Bioeth 2018 Nov;18(11):56-58

b University College London.

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15265161.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1530496DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Response to Commentaries on "Shrinking Poor White Life Spans".

Authors:
Erika Blacksher

Am J Bioeth 2018 11;18(11):W1-W4

a University of Washington.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1523506DOI Listing
November 2018

Asymmetrical Intuitions.

Authors:
Stephen R Latham

Am J Bioeth 2018 Nov;18(11):54-55

a Yale University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1523505DOI Listing
November 2018

Health Research Priority Setting: A Duty to Maximize Social Value?

Authors:
Douglas MacKay

Am J Bioeth 2018 11;18(11):25-26

a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1523504DOI Listing
November 2018

Aligning Research Priorities to Improve Equity: A Challenge for Health Funders.

Authors:
Alonzo L Plough

Am J Bioeth 2018 11;18(11):1-2

a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1544339DOI Listing
November 2018
2.452 Impact Factor

Universal Funder Responsibilities That Advance Social Value.

Am J Bioeth 2018 Nov;18(11):30-32

d Multi-Regional Clinical Trials Center of Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard (MRCT Center) Center.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1523498DOI Listing
November 2018

One Health, Bioethics, and Nonhuman Ethics.

Am J Bioeth 2018 11;18(11):3-5

b Burnet Institute and The NHMRC Center for Research Excellence, Integrated Systems for Epidemic Response (ISER).

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15265161.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1524224DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Just Ethics? Bioethical Prescriptions for Policymakers Should Remain Communal.

Am J Bioeth 2018 Nov;18(11):63-65

b National University Hospital.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1523497DOI Listing
November 2018

Distinguishing Primary and Secondary Early Intervention Programs: Implications for Families, Clinicians, and Policymakers.

Am J Bioeth 2018 Nov;18(11):65-67

b University of Washington School of Medicine and Seattle Children's Hospital & Research Institute.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1523496DOI Listing
November 2018