372 results match your criteria American Indian And Alaska Native Mental Health Research[Journal]


The Culture is Prevention Project: Measuring Culture As a Social Determinant of Mental Health for Native/Indigenous Peoples.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2020 ;27(1):86-111

This paper reports Phase 4 of the Culture is Prevention Project where we validated the Cultural Connectedness Scale - California (CCS-CA) with a sample of 344 Indigenous adults in the San Francisco Bay Area, California. In Phase 3 of this project, the CCS-CA was modified from the original Canadian Cultural Connectedness Scale (CCS) developed by Dr. Angela Snowshoe and colleagues to be a better fit for the more multi-tribal communities in urban California. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2701.2020.86DOI Listing
January 2020

Interviews with American Indian and Alaska Native People Who Inject Drugs.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2020 ;27(1):64-85

This project gathered opinions, attitudes, and beliefs from American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) people who inject drugs (PWID). The primary objective of this study was to build formative knowledge around AI/AN PWID to help define and develop health care services and strategies by better understanding existing services, barriers, and challenges to seeking care. A total of 32 semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2701.2020.64DOI Listing
January 2020

Understanding Risk and Protective Factors Influencing Urban American Indian /Alaska Native Youth Graduation Expectations.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2020 ;27(1):42-63

Utilizing data collected by the Monitoring the Future project between 2005-2015, this study assesses the effect of risk and protective factors in shaping the graduation expectations of urban American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) students as compared to their non-Hispanic White (NHW) peers. The responses of nearly 150,000 8th- and 10th-grade students reveal that single race and multi-race AI/AN students experienced 13 of 15 risk factors at higher proportions than NHW students, and 12 of 15 risk factors corresponded to single race AI/AN students and a third of risk factors corresponded to multi-race AI/AN students having higher odds of expecting not to graduate. Additionally, for the majority of the 14 protective factors analyzed, both single race and multi-race AI/AN students showed lower odds of expecting to graduate compared to their NHW peers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2701.2020.42DOI Listing
January 2020

Community Awareness of Outreach Efforts to Reduce Underage Drinking on California Indian Reservations.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2020 ;27(1):21-41

We report an evaluation of a combined individual- and community-level treatment and prevention effort to reduce underage drinking by American Indian (AI) youths on rural California Indian reservations. The interventions included: brief motivational interviewing and psychoeducation for Tribal youths, restricting alcohol sales to minors in alcohol sales outlets, and community mobilization and awareness activities. Surveys were collected from 120 adults and 74 teens to evaluate the awareness and effectiveness of the interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2701.2020.21DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7197713PMC
January 2020

A Community-Based Evaluation of a Culturally Grounded, American Indian After-School Prevention Program: The Value of Practitioner-Researcher Collaboration.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2020 ;27(1):1-20

Programs serving American Indian (AI) youth are an important component of maintaining cultural identity and healthy lifestyles. The current research took a community-engaged approach to evaluate an urban AI youth after-school program that has transitioned into a culturally grounded prevention program. Ways to create a successful research collaboration between AI communities and academics is discussed as well as implications for understanding the importance of culturally-grounded programs for AI youth who reside in urban areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2701.2020.1DOI Listing
January 2020

The Culture is Prevention Project: Adapting the Cultural Connectedness Scale for Multi-Tribal Communities.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(3):104-135

The Culture is Prevention Project is a multi-phased communitybased participatory research project that was initiated by six urban American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) health organizations in northern California. Issues driving the project were: i) concerns about the lack of culturally informed or Indigenous methods of evaluating the positive health outcomes of culture-based programs to improve mental health and well-being; and ii) providing an approach that demonstrates the relationship between AI/AN culture and health. Most federal and state funding sources require interventions and subsequent measures focused on risk, harm, disease, and illness reduction, rather than on strength, health, healing, and wellness improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2603.2019.104DOI Listing

Community-Engaged and Culturally Relevant Research to Develop Behavioral Health Interventions with American Indians and Alaska Natives.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(3):79-103

American Indians and Alaska Natives experience pervasive mental, behavioral, and physical health disparities, yet access to culturally relevant and evidenced-based programs (EBPs) are severely limited. The purpose of this research is to describe the process of conducting a rigorous and culturally sensitive research approach, which was used to inform the development of a family-based substance abuse and violence prevention program that promotes resilience. The focus of this article is on the process of this development, rather than the intervention itself. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2603.2019.79DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7063680PMC

Experiences of Microaggressions Among American Indian and Alaska Native Students in Two Post-Secondary Contexts.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(3):58-78

American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) are subject to widespread cultural misrepresentations ranging from intrusive questions about ethnic identity to Native-themed sports team mascots. Racial microaggressions are linked to negative physical health, mental health, and academic consequences for AI/ANs. This study examines microaggressions experienced by AI/AN post-secondary students in New Mexico and Oklahoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2603.2019.58DOI Listing

Assessing the Interest and Cultural Congruence of Contingency Management as an Intervention for Alcohol Misuse Among Younger American Indian Adults.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(3):38-57

A qualitative study was conducted to assess interest in contingency management (CM) for younger American Indian (AI) adults (18-29 years old), how to culturally and developmentally adapt CM for younger AI adults, and interest in CM relative to culturally grounded treatment approaches. We conducted a total of four focus groups with younger adults and families in two AI communities: a rural reservation and an urban Indian health clinic (n = 32). Four overarching themes emerged suggesting that offering prizes, cultural activities, and activities that capture the attention of younger adults integrated into the CM intervention is ideal for enhancing engagement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2603.2019.38DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6925541PMC

A Feasibility Evaluation of the Urban Native Youth Leaders Program.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(3):21-37

Urban American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth represent a unique and growing population in the United States. Culture and participation in cultural activities is associated with resilience; however, urban AI/AN youth often report limited access to their culture. This paper presents results from a mixed-method feasibility evaluation of the Native Youth Leaders (NYL) program, a culturally-grounded youth program for urban AI youth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2603.2019.21DOI Listing

Evaluation of an Entrepreneurship Education Intervention for American Indian Adolescents: Trial Design and Baseline Sample Characteristics.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(3):1-20

Entrepreneurship education is a strength-based approach and holds promise for promoting health equity for American Indian youth. Arrowhead Business Group (ABG) was developed by a tribal-academic research partnership and is being rigorously evaluated for impacts on psychosocial, behavioral, educational, and economic outcomes. This article describes: 1) the trial design and conceptual model under-girding the ABG program; 2) the sociodemographic, sociocultural, and family/household characteristics of participants at baseline; and 3) the baseline differences in key outcome indicators between study groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2603.2019.1DOI Listing

Wac'inyeya: Hope Among American Indian Youth.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(2):151-171

This article examines what gives American Indian youth hope. The project included 56 rural tribal youth in focus groups across a Northern Plains reservation. The participants completed a Youth Personal Balance Tool to provide perspective on the balance according to a medicine wheel model of their lives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2602.2019.151DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834111PMC

Developing the Tribal Resource Guide and the Poverty and Culture Training: The We RISE (Raising Income, Supporting Education) Study.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(2):134-150

The We RISE Study aimed to support young American Indian mothers on a tribal reservation by addressing social determinants of health at an individual and community-wide level. To address community-based barriers, the study developed the Tribal Resource Guide, a comprehensive list of available resources that was created through partnerships with community programs and staff. In addition to the guide, the study also developed the Poverty and Culture Training in order to train program staff at numerous community programs to better understand and serve lower socioeconomic and/or Native clients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2602.2019.134DOI Listing

Using Goal Setting and Attainment to Impact Indicators of Health Behavior Change among Young American Indian Women: The We RISE (Raising Income, Supporting Education) Study.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(2):123-133

The purpose of the present study was to assess the association between setting and attaining goals and indicators of health behavior change (psychological general well-being index, self-efficacy, and health locus of control) among young American Indian mothers. A total of 60 women were randomized to either intervention or control. At the end of the 6-month intervention, goal attainment was not significantly associated with the three outcomes of interest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2602.2019.123DOI Listing

Developing an Indigenous Measure of Overall Health and Well-being: The Wicozani Instrument.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(2):96-122

A Native community developed the Wicozani Instrument, a 9-item self-report measure, to assess overall health and well-being from an Indigenous epistemology. The Wicozani Instrument measures mental, physical, and spiritual health and their importance to an individual's quality of life. The instrument's validity and reliability was examined through two studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2602.2019.96DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6800221PMC

Tribal IRBs: A Framework for Understanding Research Oversight in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(2):71-95

Tribal Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) and other entities that oversee research for American Indians and Alaska Natives are important and unique. They reflect and respond to community needs, changes in research, and revisions to research policy. We provide a framework to capture this dynamism by building on existing work and offering a way to describe the scope of entities that oversee tribal research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2602.2019.71DOI Listing

Not a One-Size-Fits-All Approach: Building Tribal Infrastructure for Research Through CRCAIH.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(2):42-70

The Collaborative Research Center for American Indian Health (CRCAIH) was created to foster tribal partnerships in the Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota regions to increase capacity for tribal research. Since 2013, through community engagement and technical assistance from CRCAIH's cores and divisions, seven tribal partners have expanded research infrastructure and recognize the benefits of an established tribal research office. This manuscript showcases the unique approaches individual CRCAIH tribal partners have taken to build tribal research infrastructure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2602.2019.42DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6771024PMC

A Transdisciplinary Approach is Essential to Community-based Research with American Indian Populations.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(2):15-41

Social determinants of health and their effects on health outcomes create a complex system, with interaction between social, economic, physical, and biological factors necessitating research take a holistic approach. Transdisciplinary research, one of the three core values of the Collaborative Research Center for American Indian Health, seeks to go beyond methods of knowledge production occurring solely within disciplinary boundaries, because real-world societal problems do not adhere to such restrictions. Community involvement is an essential component for successful research partnerships with American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2602.2019.15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6800186PMC

The Collaborative Research Center for American Indian Health's Partnership River of Life: Special Issue Introduction.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(2):1-14

In 2012, the National Institutes of Health funded the Collaborative Research Center for American Indian Health (CRCAIH) to work toward two broad goals: 1) to build tribal research infrastructure, and 2) to increase research on social determinants of health in American Indian communities. As the introduction to this special issue of American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research, we highlight results from the Partnership River of Life evaluation tool in order to provide broader context for the other manuscripts presented here. Insights were gained during the Partnership River of Life group discussion and evaluation process of combining the groups' rivers to create one representation of the CRCAIH partnership. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2602.2019.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6776081PMC

Through the Diamond Threshold: A Community-based Psycho-Educational Group Training Program for Treatment of Substance Use Disorders Among American Indians.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(1):79-105

Researchers offer Through the Diamond Threshold, a culturally relevant, community-based training program to increase awareness and promote healing related to substance use disorders (SUD) among American Indians (AIs). For providers, this program seeks to promote greater cultural responsiveness, empathy, cultural humility, and effectiveness in SUD treatment provision. Largely interactive in nature, the activities offer an opportunity for participants to immerse themselves in an AI experience through the use of stories, music, a traditional meal, and experiential exercises. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2601.2019.79DOI Listing
March 2020
11 Reads

Diné (Navajo) Healer Perspectives on Commercial Tobacco Use in Ceremonial Settings: An Oral Story Project to Promote Smoke-Free Life.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(1):63-78

Many American Indian (AI) healers are faced with a dilemma of how to maintain the ceremonial uses of traditional tobacco meant to encourage the restoration and balance of mind, body, and spirit, while discouraging commercial tobacco use and protecting against secondhand smoke exposure in ceremonial settings. To explore this dilemma and offer culturally informed solutions, researchers conducted qualitative interviews with Navajo healers who describe the history and role of commercial tobacco within ceremonial contexts. Healers understand the importance of their role on their community's health and expressed deep concern about the use of commercial tobacco in the ceremonial setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2601.2019.63DOI Listing
March 2020
2 Reads

Sources of Stress Among Midwest American Indian Adults with Type 2 Diabetes.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(1):33-62

Despite alarming health disparities among American Indians (AIs) and acknowledgement that stressors negatively influence health, conceptualization of the full spectrum of stressors that impact Indigenous communities is underdeveloped. To address this gap, we analyze focus group transcripts of AI adults with type 2 diabetes from five tribal communities and classify stressors using an inductive/deductive analytical approach. A Continuum of American Indian Stressor Model was constructed from categorization of nineteen stressor categories within four domains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2601.2019.33DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6503967PMC
March 2020
2 Reads

Evaluation of a Native Youth Leadership Program Grounded in Cherokee Culture: The Remember the Removal Program.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2019 ;26(1):1-32

Indigenous youth suffer from high rates of comorbid mental and physical health disease. The purpose of this research was to evaluate an existing intervention aimed at empowering Indigenous youth, using a qualitative, community-based participatory research method. We completed focus groups with 23 program participants, and analysis revealed positive improvements in physical, emotional, social, and cultural domains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2601.2019.1DOI Listing
March 2020
4 Reads

In-hospital Mortality, Length of Stay, and Discharge Disposition in a Cohort of Rural and Urban American Indians and Alaska Natives.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(3):78-91

This study uses data from the 2012 National Inpatient Sample to determine if mortality, length of stay, and discharge disposition are different between rural and urban American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) with alcohol abuse, depression, diabetes, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Results show no difference in mortality between groups. Alcohol abuse, depression, and diabetes are less prevalent in rural AI/ANs, and rural patients have shorter lengths of stay and fewer chronic conditions, diagnoses, and procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2503.2018.78DOI Listing
September 2019
5 Reads

Feasibility of a Systems Approach to Treat Commercial Tobacco Dependence within American Indian Health Clinics.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(3):52-77

American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) have the highest smoking prevalence, smoking-related disease, and mortality rates of any racial or ethnic group. Three AI health clinics in Minnesota implemented an evidence-based tobacco dependence treatment intervention that included provider education and customized clinical system tools. A baseline assessment of each clinic facility guided the focus of the intervention and tailored the clinical system tools. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2503.2018.52DOI Listing
September 2019
5 Reads

Conceptualizing School Belongingness in Native Youth: Factor Analysis of the Psychological Sense of School Membership Scale.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(3):26-51

The Psychological Sense of School Membership (PSSM) scale is widely used to measure school belongingness among adolescents. However, previous studies identify inconsistencies in factor structures across different populations. The factor structure of the PSSM has yet to be examined with American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth, a population of keen interest given reports of their educational and health disparities, and the potential of belongingness as a protective factor against risk behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2503.2018.26DOI Listing
September 2019
2 Reads

Exploring the Relationship between Sense of Coherence and Historical Trauma among American Indian Youth.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(3):1-25

Historical trauma has been associated with many health and social issues. However, there is little understanding of how American Indian (AI) youth cope with historical trauma. Sense of Coherence (SOC) provides a promising framework for studying the relationship between resiliency and historical trauma, as it is a theorized mechanism that helps individuals cope with ongoing stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2503.2018.1DOI Listing
September 2019
9 Reads

From Ambivalence to Revitalization: Negotiating Cardiovascular Health Behaviors Related to Environmental and Historical Trauma in a Northwest American Indian Community.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(2):103-128

Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN). Utilizing narratives from members of a Pacific Northwest tribe, this paper explores perceptions about behaviors affecting cardiovascular health through tribal members' lived experiences related to place-based environmental historical trauma. Findings from narrative analysis indicate that ambivalence is an effect of historical trauma and complicates the adoption of protective cardiovascular health behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2502.2018.103DOI Listing
September 2019
3 Reads

Screening for Postpartum Depression in American Indian/Alaska Native Women: A Comparison of Two Instruments.

Authors:
Jennifer L Heck

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(2):74-102

This review examined validation studies of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) to identify an appropriate postpartum depression (PPD) screening tool for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) women in the U.S. Databases were searched using: EPDS paired with psychometric properties or validation and PHQ-9 paired with PPD and psychometric properties or validation, yielding a final sample of 58 articles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2502.2018.74DOI Listing
September 2019
3 Reads

Physical Activity among Navajo Cancer Survivors: A Qualitative Study.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(2):54-73

Physical activity (PA) may improve quality of life and survival among cancer survivors; however, little is known about Navajo cancer survivor PA. We evaluated Navajo cancer survivor PA habits, barriers, and preferences through focus groups and interviews (n = 32). Transcripts were coded in NVivo and major themes summarized by consensus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2502.2018.54DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322393PMC
September 2019
32 Reads

Demographic, Social, and Mental Health Aspects of American Indian and Alaska Native Adolescents in Hawai'i.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(2):20-53

American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) constitute 2.2% of Hawai'i's population. Unfortunately, very little is known about the mental health of AI/AN youth in Hawai'i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2502.2018.20DOI Listing
September 2019
3 Reads

Future Directions in Disseminating Research Findings to Urban Alaska Native People.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(1):96-109

Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a tribal health organization based in Anchorage, Alaska, operates and plans health care services in response to the priorities and tribal values of Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people, including traditional concepts of wellness, reciprocity, and working in relationship. In an effort to better incorporate AN/AI priorities and values in research dissemination, the SCF Research Department hosted the Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) in May 2016. In this paper, we describe the communication strategies used by the SCF Public Relations Department, which were shared with Forum attendees, describe attendee recommendations for researchers to consider and implement, and then discuss future directions for dissemination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2501.2018.96DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369693PMC
September 2019
7 Reads

Community Dissemination in a Tribal Health Setting: A Pharmacogenetics Case Study.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(1):80-94

Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people experience a disproportionate burden of health disparities in the United States. Including AN/AI people in pharmacogenetic research offers an avenue to address these health disparities, however the dissemination of pharmacogenetic research results in the community context can be a challenging task. In this paper, we describe a case-study that explores the preferences of AN/AI community members regarding pharmacogenetic research results dissemination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2501.2018.80DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367726PMC
September 2019
9 Reads

Disseminating the Results of a Depression Management Study in an Urban Alaska Native Health Care System.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(1):62-79

Increased attention to diagnostic accuracy in depression screening and management within primary care has demonstrated inadequate care when patients prematurely discontinue recommended treatments such as medication and counseling. Decision-support tools can enhance the medical decision-making process. In 2010, the Southcentral Foundation (SCF) Research Department developed a stakeholder-driven decision support tool to aid in depression management. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5986557PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2501.2018.62DOI Listing
September 2019
9 Reads

Disseminating Information on Trauma Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment in a Tribal Health Setting: A Case Study.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(1):43-61

Exposure to trauma is consistently associated with co-occurrence of behavioral health disorders. Primary care settings are opportune places to screen for traumatic experiences and symptoms, as they are often the initial point of care for behavioral health concerns by the Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) population. In this case study, we examine results dissemination activities at the SCF Research Department-hosted 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) of a pilot study of a trauma-focused screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (T-SBIRT) process for AN/AI adults in primary care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2501.2018.43DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342266PMC
September 2019
10 Reads

Alaska Native Health Research Forum: Perspectives on disseminating research findings.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(1):30-41

In May 2016, Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a regional tribal health corporation based in Anchorage, Alaska convened a half-day health research forum for Alaska Native and American Indian community members to obtain feedback on communication of research findings. Thirty one individuals attended the Forum and 22 completed a pre and post survey. Respondents found the Forum to be a useful method to learn about research projects and their willingness to participate in health research reportedly increased because of the event. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2501.2018.30DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342262PMC
September 2019
8 Reads

Approach and Methods of the 2016 Alaska Native Research Forum.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(1):19-29

Southcentral Foundation, a tribal health organization serving Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people in southcentral Alaska, convened the Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) for AN/AI people in May 2016. The purpose of the Forum was to obtain AN/AI community member feedback about sharing health research results. This article describes the funding mechanism that provided resources for the Forum and other factors that were considered when designing the Forum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2501.2018.19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6392196PMC
September 2019
5 Reads

Challenges in Engaging and Disseminating Health Research Results Among Alaska Native and American Indian People in Southcentral Alaska.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(1):3-18

Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people have negative research experiences, including lack of timely, respectful, and relevant communication about research findings. Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a tribally owned and operated health care organization in Alaska, has redesigned the health care system, enacted research policies, and established a research department which uses best practices of Community Engaged Research with AN/AI people. Department staff and community members, however, perceive significant limitations in the reach of and satisfaction with ongoing engagement and dissemination efforts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2501.2018.3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342264PMC
September 2019
6 Reads

Introduction.

Authors:
Denise A Dillard

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2018 ;25(1):1-17

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2501.2018.1DOI Listing
September 2019
5 Reads

Integrated Care with Indigenous Populations: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2017 ;24(3):88-110

Introduction: The integration of behavioral health into medical care is related to positive results including improved patient health outcomes, provider satisfaction, and cost-offset. Indigenous people suffer from the highest health disparities in the nation and disproportionately experience barriers to health care; yet it is unknown if integrated care is effective for this population.

Methods: A systematic literature review was completed on the state of integrated care at Indigenous-serving health care sites in 2014 and was updated in 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2403.2017.88DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads

Religious and Spiritual Practices Among Home-less Urban American Indians and Alaska Natives with Severe Alcohol Problems.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2017 ;24(3):39-62

Engagement in religious and spiritual practices may be protective for homeless individuals with alcohol-related problems. However, little is known in this regard for urban-dwelling American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) who have disproportionately high rates of homelessness and co-occurring alcohol use problems. Using secondary data from a nonrandomized controlled study testing a Housing First intervention, AI/AN participants (n = 52) and non-AI/AN participants (n = 82) were compared on demographic variables, alcohol use problems, religious affiliations, and religious/spiritual practices (importance, frequency, and type). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2403.2017.39DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287631PMC
July 2018
6 Reads

Comparison of American Indian and Non-Native BASC-2 Self-Report-Adolescent Scores.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2017 ;24(3):14-38

BASC-2 SRP-A scores of 162 American Indian (AI) youth were compared with those of an ethnically diverse sample (N = 200) to explore group equivalence. A MANOVA indicated group differences among the five composites. AIs outscored non-Natives in Inattention/Hyperactivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2403.2017.14DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

Psychometric examination of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale with older American Indians: The Native Elder Care Study.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2017 ;24(3):1-17

Measuring mental health accurately is an important endeavor for screening purposes. Depression scales, such as the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale, have been well-established among different populations. Yet, little work has been done to examine the reliability and validity of the CES-D among older American Indians and Alaska Natives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2403.2017.1DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

Stressful Life Events and Self-Reported Postpartum Depressive Symptoms 13-24 Months After Live Birth Among Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native Mothers in Oregon: Results from a Population-Based Survey.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2017 ;24(2):76-98

Objectives: We explored the association between stressful life events and postpartum depressive symptoms among non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) mothers.

Methods: We analyzed self-reports of stressful life events and depressive symptoms from 298 AI/AN respondents and conducted logistic regression to examine their association.

Results: Of the AI/AN mothers who responded, 29. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2402.2017.76DOI Listing
May 2018
11 Reads

American Indian and White Adoptees: Are There Mental Health Differences?

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2017 ;24(2):54-75

Adult adoptees are at increased risk for mental health problems compared to nonadoptees. However, little is known about subsets of adoptees that may be more or less vulnerable to mental health problems. The purpose of this study was to explore the presence of mental health problems of American Indian (AI) persons compared to White persons who were separated from their birth families during childhood by foster care and/or adoption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2402.2017.54DOI Listing
May 2018
7 Reads

Obesogenic Behaviors, Self-Efficacy, and Depressive Symptoms in American Indian Children.

Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 2017 ;24(2):18-39

Background: American Indian (AI) children suffer from high rates of obesity, obesity-related disease, obesogenic behaviors, and depressive symptoms.

Objective: Study was designed to determine the associations between depressive symptoms and obesogenic behaviors in school-aged AI children in Oklahoma.

Methods: Study design was cross-sectional. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5820/aian.2402.2017.18DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads