135,314 results match your criteria American Health & Drug Benefits [Journal]


Maintenance of Certification Status and Performance on a Set of Process Measures.

Ann Intern Med 2019 Feb;170(4):284

American Board of Internal Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (B.G., J.V., R.L.).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/L18-0636DOI Listing
February 2019

Women's Health Policy in the United States.

Ann Intern Med 2019 Feb;170(4):281-282

Texas Medical Home Initiative, Dallas, Texas (S.S.B.).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/L18-0628DOI Listing
February 2019

Parental age and the risk of childhood acute myeloid leukemia: results from the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium.

Cancer Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15;59:158-165. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece; Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: Parental age has been associated with several childhood cancers, albeit the evidence is still inconsistent.

Aim: To examine the associations of parental age at birth with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) among children aged 0-14 years using individual-level data from the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium (CLIC) and non-CLIC studies.

Material/methods: We analyzed data of 3182 incident AML cases and 8377 controls from 17 studies [seven registry-based case-control (RCC) studies and ten questionnaire-based case-control (QCC) studies]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2019.01.022DOI Listing
February 2019

Geoepidemiology of Sjögren's syndrome in Latin America.

Joint Bone Spine 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Center for Autoimmune Diseases Research (CREA), School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad del Rosario, Bogota, Colombia. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the geoepidemiology of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in Latin America.

Methods: This was a three phase study in which original data from a Colombian cohort of patients with SS is presented, followed by a systematic review of Colombian and Latin American studies. Lastly, the geoepidemiology of SS in Latin America was assessed by comparing the clinical characteristics of the region with those of the rest of the world by means of a meta-analysis approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbspin.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Association of Primary Care Physician Supply With Population Mortality in the United States, 2005-2015.

JAMA Intern Med 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Center for Primary Care, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Recent US health care reforms incentivize improved population health outcomes and primary care functions. It remains unclear how much improving primary care physician supply can improve population health, independent of other health care and socioeconomic factors.

Objectives: To identify primary care physician supply changes across US counties from 2005-2015 and associations between such changes and population mortality. Read More

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http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7624DOI Listing
February 2019
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A Step toward Understanding Diet Quality in Urban African-American Breast Cancer Survivors: A Cross-sectional Analysis of Baseline Data from the Moving Forward Study.

Nutr Cancer 2019 Feb 18:1-16. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

e Department of Medicine , Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee , Wisconsin , USA.

Purpose: Little is known about the dietary behaviors of African-American breast cancer survivors (AABCS). We sought to describe dietary intake and quality in AABCS and examine associations with demographic, social, lifestyle, and body composition factors to potentially inform the development of effective dietary interventions.

Methods: Baseline data from a prospective weight loss trial of 210 AABCS were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01635581.2018.1557217DOI Listing
February 2019

Depressive Symptoms Associate With Race and All-Cause Mortality in Patients With CKD.

Kidney Int Rep 2019 Feb 9;4(2):222-230. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Division of Nephrology, University of California, San Francisco; San Francisco, California, USA.

Introduction: Depression is common but underrecognized in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), especially among racial/ethnic minorities. We examined the association between depressive symptoms and all-cause mortality (including deaths before and after end-stage renal disease [ESRD]) and whether antidepressant use impacts this association, overall, and by race/ethnicity.

Methods: We ascertained whether the presence of depressive symptoms, defined by a Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI) score of >14 at cohort enrollment, was associated with all-cause mortality (before or after ESRD) among study participants of the Chronic Renal Insufficient Cohort (CRIC) overall and by race/ethnicity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ekir.2018.10.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365404PMC
February 2019

Mortality and Exacerbations by Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease Groups ABCD: 2011 Versus 2017 in the COPDGene® Cohort.

Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis 2019 Jan 10;6(1):64-73. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

The Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) ABCD groupings were recently modified. The GOLD 2011 guidelines defined increased risk as forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV) < 50% predicted or ≥ 2 outpatient or ≥ 1 hospitalized exacerbation in the prior year, whereas the GOLD 2017 guidelines use only exacerbation history. We compared mortality and exacerbation rates in the Genetic Epidemiology of COPD Study cohort (COPDGene) by 2011 (exacerbation history/FEV and dyspnea) versus 2017 (exacerbations and dyspnea) classifications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15326/jcopdf.6.1.2018.0130DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373581PMC
January 2019

Contact Sports as a Risk Factor for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Systematic Review.

Global Spine J 2019 Feb 31;9(1):104-118. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Swedish Neuroscience Institute, Seattle, WA, USA.

Study Design: Systematic review.

Introduction: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease, ultimately resulting in paralysis and death. The condition is considered to be caused by a complex interaction between environmental and genetic factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2192568218813916DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362556PMC
February 2019

Reduced plasma albumin predicts type 2 diabetes and is associated with greater adipose tissue macrophage content and activation.

Diabetol Metab Syndr 2019 7;11:14. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

1Phoenix Epidemiology and Clinical Research Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, 4212N. 16th Street, Phoenix, AZ 85016 USA.

Background: Plasma albumin is reduced during inflammation. Obesity, a strong risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D), is associated with adipose tissue inflammation. However, whether albumin is associated with adipose tissue inflammation and whether it predicts T2D are unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13098-019-0409-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367730PMC
February 2019

Homework and Academic Achievement in Latin America: A Multilevel Approach.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:95. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain.

The relationship between homework and academic results has been widely researched. Most of that research has used English-speaking, European or Asian samples, and to date there have been no detailed studies into that relationship in Latin America and the Caribbean. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of quantitative homework characteristics on achievement in science. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367234PMC
February 2019

They tell us "we don't belong in the world and we shouldn't take up a place": HIV discourse within two-spirit communities.

J Ethn Cult Divers Soc Work 2018 13;27(2):107-123. Epub 2017 Sep 13.

Indigenous Wellness Research Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Objectives: We investigated how HIV discourse is negotiated and given meaning in the lives of young, male two-spirit leaders, when considering their communities' and their own health and wellness. These menare also unique in that they have always lived under the specter and dominant discourse of HIV, that is, they are part of a second generation since the time of HIV/AIDS.

Methods: We conducted a Discourse Analysis of six qualitative interviews from the HONOR Project, a multi-site, mixed-methods study of the two-spirit community across the United States, foregrounding the relationships amongst trauma, coping, and health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15313204.2017.1362616DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377155PMC
September 2017

Effect of kiwifruit on metabolic health in patients with cardiovascular risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2019 23;12:171-180. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Kiwifruit seems to have beneficial effect on metabolic health because it contains abundant phytochemicals and antioxidants. This study aimed to assess the effect of kiwifruit on metabolic health in participants with cardiovascular risk factors.

Methods: Literature was searched from PubMed, CENTRAL, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, Scopus, Proquest, Latin American and Carib-bean Health Sciences Literature, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, Australia New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, https://clinicaltrials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S193225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350646PMC
January 2019

Economic impact of pharmacist interventions on correction of stress-related mucosal damage prophylaxis practice.

Clinicoecon Outcomes Res 2019 25;11:111-116. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Gastroenterohepatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran,

Introduction: Stress-related mucosal damage (SRMD) is described as the damage of gastric mucosa due to physiological stress that is a very common complication in critically ill patients. SRMD prophylactic medications are widely prescribed all over the world, while numerous studies have revealed that a large percentage of patients admitted to non-intensive care unit (ICU) services do not need to receive these medications. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and type of medication errors and the economic impact of clinical pharmacist intervention on stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEOR.S191304DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6353213PMC
January 2019

Invisible Minority: HIV Prevention Health Policy for the Asian American Population.

Policy Polit Nurs Pract 2019 Feb 16:1527154419828843. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

1 College of Nursing & Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA, USA.

There has been a 72% increase in the Asian American population from approximately 12 million in 2000 to 21 million in 2015. By 2050, there will be 33.4 million Asian Americans living in the United States, making this population the most rapidly growing ethnic group in the country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1527154419828843DOI Listing
February 2019

Demographics, self-efficacy, benefits/barriers, stages of adopting pap testing among Korean American women.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2019 Feb 16:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

c Memorial Hermann Memorial City Medical Center , Memorial City , TX , USA.

Korean American women (KAW) experience the third highest incidence rate of cervical cancer among nine major Asian Americans. This study examined cervical cancer screening among KAW using constructs from the transtheoretical model (TTM). Using a cross-sectional survey design, 102 KAW aged 21-65 years of age were recruited through convenience sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01443615.2018.1525693DOI Listing
February 2019

Non-operative management of solid organ injuries in children: An American Pediatric Surgical Association Outcomes and Evidence Based Practice Committee systematic review.

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Children's Foundation Research Institute, Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, Memphis, TN. Electronic address:

Purpose: The American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) guidelines for the treatment of isolated solid organ injury (SOI) in children were published in 2000 and have been widely adopted. The aim of this systematic review by the APSA Outcomes and Evidence Based Practice Committee was to evaluate the published evidence regarding treatment of solid organ injuries in children.

Methods: A comprehensive search strategy was crafted and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines were utilized to identify, review, and report salient articles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.01.012DOI Listing
January 2019

Fertility and hormone preservation and restoration for female children and adolescents receiving gonadotoxic cancer treatments: A systematic review.

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA; Division of Pediatric Surgery, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: The purpose of this systematic review by the American Pediatric Surgical Cancer Committee was to summarize evidence from the current medical literature regarding fertility restoration and hormone replacement for female children and adolescents treated with gonadotoxic treatments.

Methods: Using PRISMA guidelines, questions were addressed by searching Medline, Cochrane, Embase Central and National clearing house databases using relevant search terms. Eligible studies included those that addressed ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC), oocyte harvest, ovarian transposition, and ovarian tissue auto-transplantation for females under the age of 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.12.021DOI Listing
January 2019

Genome-wide Significance Thresholds for Admixture Mapping Studies.

Am J Hum Genet 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.

Admixture mapping studies have become more common in recent years, due in part to technological advances and growing international efforts to increase the diversity of genetic studies. However, many open questions remain about appropriate implementation of admixture mapping studies, including how best to control for multiple testing, particularly in the presence of population structure. In this study, we develop a theoretical framework to characterize the correlation of local ancestry and admixture mapping test statistics in admixed populations with contributions from any number of ancestral populations and arbitrary population structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.01.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Education Policy and Outcomes Within the African American Population.

Soc Work Public Health 2019 Feb 17:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

a College of Social Work , University of Utah , Salt Lake City , USA.

The educational status among African Americans is a story of continuing achievement and continuing disparities in outcomes. On one hand, there are continuing stories of high academic accomplishments among Black Americans who attend and graduate from high-ranking American institutions of higher education. On the other hand, the continuing gap in educational opportunities and outcomes within Black America is shaping present and future education disparities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2018.1562405DOI Listing
February 2019

Collective health and regional integration in Latin America: An opportunity for building a new international health agenda.

Glob Public Health 2019 Feb 17:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

c Department of Public Law I, Faculty of Law , Buenos Aires University (UBA), Buenos Aires , Argentina.

From its origins, the Latin American Social Medicine and the Collective Health (LASM/CH) movements have focused on thinking about health from and for the region. After the implementation of neoliberal policies, social improvements and the geopolitical strengthening of the region became the roots of new regional integration projects in South America. The objective of this article is twofold. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2019.1572207DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of Hospice and Palliative Care Service Utilization on All-Cause 30-Day Readmission Rate for Older Adults Hospitalized With Heart Failure.

Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2019 Feb 17:1049909119828712. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

1 Department of Medicine, Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA.

Background:: Acute decompensated heart failure (HF) is the leading cause for hospital readmission. Large-scale sustainable interventions to reduce readmission rate have not been fully explored or proven effective.

Objective:: We studied the impact of hospice and palliative care service utilization on 30-day all-cause hospital readmissions for patients with HF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1049909119828712DOI Listing
February 2019

Dynamic Piston Function of the Mitral Annulus to Assess Early Left Ventricular Diastolic Filling: A Proof of Concept Study.

Cardiol Ther 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Cardiovascular Medicine Division, University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, San Juan, PR, USA.

Introduction: Early left ventricular (LV) filling has been described as an asymmetric toroidal vortex ring of blood entering the LV upon opening of the mitral valve. This phenomenon is in part responsible for cyclical changes in LV volumes during the cardiac cycle and also contributes to the apical and basal longitudinal displacements of the mitral annulus (MA). Although MA early diastolic (e') velocities have been used to assess early LV filling characteristics, accurate distinction between normal aging and pathological diastolic dysfunction (DD) might be challenging at times. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40119-019-0130-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Trends in Asthma Control, Treatment, Healthcare Utilization and Expenditures among Children in the United States by Place of Residence: 2003-2014.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.

Background: Examining national trends in asthma treatment and control is essential to inform treatment and public health initiatives.

Objective: Explore national trends in asthma control and treatment over time among children and those residing in poor-urban areas.

Methods: This was an analysis of trends from 2003-2014 among children (aged 1-17) in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2019.01.055DOI Listing
February 2019

Safety and efficacy of lixisenatide versus sulfonylurea added to basal insulin treatment in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus who elect to fast during Ramadan (LixiRam): An international, randomized, open-label trial.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

University Hospital Birmingham & Institute of Translational Medicine, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK. Electronic address:

Aims: Adding lixisenatide to basal insulin (BI) instead of sulfonylurea (SU), versus continuing SU + BI was assessed in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who intended to fast during Ramadan 2017.

Methods: LixiRam (NCT02941367) was a phase 4, randomized, open-label, 12-22-week study in people with T2DM insufficiently controlled with SU + BI ± 1 oral anti-diabetic. Endpoints included the percentage of participants with ≥1 documented symptomatic hypoglycemia event (plasma glucose ≤70 mg/dL; primary endpoint) and any hypoglycemia during Ramadan fasting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2019.01.035DOI Listing
February 2019

Joint AAD-NPF guidelines of care for the management and treatment of psoriasis with biologics.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama.

Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory multisystem disease that affects up to 3.2% of the US population. This guideline addresses important clinical questions that arise in psoriasis management and care, providing recommendations based on the available evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2018.11.057DOI Listing
February 2019

Joint AAD-NPF guidelines of care for the management and treatment of psoriasis with awareness and attention to comorbidities.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Baylor Scott and White, Dallas, Texas.

Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory, multisystem disease that affects up to 3.2% of the US population. This guideline addresses important clinical questions that arise in psoriasis management and care, providing recommendations on the basis of available evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2018.11.058DOI Listing
February 2019

Neurological recovery following traumatic spinal cord injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Feb 15:1-17. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

OBJECTIVEPredicting neurological recovery following traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is a complex task considering the heterogeneous nature of injury and the inconsistency of individual studies. This study aims to summarize the current evidence on neurological recovery following TSCI by use of a meta-analytical approach, and to identify injury, treatment, and study variables with prognostic significance.METHODSA literature search in MEDLINE and EMBASE was performed, and studies reporting follow-up changes in American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale (AIS) or Frankel or ASIA motor score (AMS) scales were included in the meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.SPINE18802DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of decompression surgery without fusion for lumbar spinal stenosis on sagittal spinopelvic alignment: minimum 2-year follow-up.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Feb 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Shizuoka Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan; and.

OBJECTIVEThe importance of global sagittal alignment is well known. Patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) generally tend to bend forward to relieve their neurological symptoms, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.11.SPINE181092DOI Listing
February 2019

Correlation of perioperative risk scores with hospital costs in neurosurgical patients.

J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

2Department of Neurosurgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

OBJECTIVEThe American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) online surgical risk calculator uses inherent patient characteristics to provide predictive risk scores for adverse postoperative events. The purpose of this study was to determine if predicted perioperative risk scores correlate with actual hospital costs.METHODSA single-center retrospective review of 1005 neurosurgical patients treated between September 1, 2011, and December 31, 2014, was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.JNS182041DOI Listing
February 2019
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Rear Admiral (Astronaut) Alan Shepard: Ménière's disease and the race to the moon.

J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

6Department of Neurosurgery, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama.

On May 5, 1961, Alan B. Shepard Jr. piloted the Freedom 7 craft into a suborbital flight to become the first American man in space. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.9.JNS182522DOI Listing
February 2019

Adverse events and their risk factors 90 days after cervical spine surgery: analysis from the Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Feb 15:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Departments of1Neurosurgery.

OBJECTIVEThe Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MSSIC) is a statewide, multicenter quality improvement initiative. Using MSSIC data, the authors sought to identify 90-day adverse events and their associated risk factors (RFs) after cervical spine surgery.METHODSA total of 8236 cervical spine surgery cases were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.SPINE18666DOI Listing
February 2019

Worldwide variation in Pseudomonas associated ventilator associated pneumonia. A meta-regression.

Authors:
James C Hurley

J Crit Care 2019 Feb 6;51:88-93. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Rural Health, Melbourne Medical School, University of Melbourne, Internal Medicine Service, Ballarat Health Services, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Purpose: The objective here is to define the extent and possible reasons for geographic variation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa associated with Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP).

Methods: A random effects meta-regression model of Pseudomonas associated VAP incidence within the published literature was undertaken incorporating group level factors such trauma admission, year of publication and use of bronchoscopic sampling towards VAP diagnosis.

Results: Pseudomonas associated VAP incidence was reported in 162 studies from seven worldwide regions published over 30 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Movie violence acutely affects food choices in young adults.

Eat Behav 2019 Feb 10;33:7-12. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Nutrition Division, Department of Natural Sciences, School of Arts and Sciences, Lebanese American University, Lebanon.

Background: Extensive research has been conducted to investigate the effects of media violence on attitudes, behaviors, and cardiovascular health; however, only few studies have examined its effect on appetite, eating behavior and food preferences. Little attention has been given to understand how movie genre manipulates the physiology and the eating behavior of individuals. The present study aimed at investigating the acute effect of violence content in movies on appetite perception, heart rate and blood pressure, along with food preferences and intake in young individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Validity and Reliability of the Arabic Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) in Spinal Cord Injury Patients in Lebanon.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Doctor of Physical therapy, Health, Rehabilitation, Integration and Research Center, Beirut Lebanon.

Background: Depression is a prevalent and disabling condition associated with spinal cord injury. Such associated negative factor warrants the use of valid and reliable psychological assessment tools among this group. One of the available assessment means is the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, a short screening measure which evaluates depression status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.234DOI Listing
February 2019

The Trend, Feasibility, and Safety of Salpingectomy as a form of Permanent Sterilization.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston TX, USA.

Study Objectives: To assess the change in rate of laparoscopic salpingectomy for sterilization after the release of the November 2013 Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Clinical Practice Statement and the January 2015 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee Opinion: Salpingectomy for Ovarian Cancer Prevention. We hypothesized there would be an increase in salpingectomy as a percentage of total laparoscopic sterilizations performed without an increase in complications when compared to conventional bilateral tubal ligation (BTL).

Design: A retrospective cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

5-Year Outcomes of a Single Institution Prospective Trial of 19 Gy Single-Fraction HDR Brachytherapy for Low- and Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Beaumont Health System, Royal Oak, MI. Electronic address:

Purpose: To update outcome and toxicity results of a prospective trial of 19 Gy single-fraction high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy for men with low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer.

Materials And Methods: Patients were treated on a prospective study of single-fraction HDR brachytherapy. All patients had low- or intermediate-risk prostate cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2019.02.010DOI Listing
February 2019

Child, Mother, Father, and Teacher Beliefs About Child Academic Competence: Predicting Math and Reading Performance in European American Adolescents.

J Res Adolesc 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service.

Beliefs about child competence in math and reading have important implications for academic performance in adolescence. However, it is unclear whether children's own beliefs are the most important predictor of their academic performance or whether parents' and teachers' beliefs about child competence influence child academic performance. We assessed mothers', fathers', teachers', and children's beliefs about European American children's (N = 189) competence in math and reading at age 10 and children's math and language performance at ages 10, 13, and 18 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jora.12477DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparisons of bone density and body composition among adolescents with anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa.

Int J Eat Disord 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objective: To compare bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition among adolescents: (a) with atypical anorexia nervosa (AAN) versus anorexia nervosa (AN) and (b) those with and without a prior history of overweight.

Method: Electronic medical records of patients 9-20 years with AN or AAN who underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed.

Results: A total of 286 adolescents with AN or AAN were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23048DOI Listing
February 2019

Just choice: a Danielsian analysis of the aims and scope of prenatal screening for fetal abnormalities.

Med Health Care Philos 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Health, Ethics and Society, GROW School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Developments in Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) and cell-free fetal DNA analysis raise the possibility that antenatal services may soon be able to support couples in non-invasively testing for, and diagnosing, an unprecedented range of genetic disorders and traits coded within their unborn child's genome. Inevitably, this has prompted debate within the bioethics literature about what screening options should be offered to couples for the purpose of reproductive choice. In relation to this problem, the European Society of Human Genetics (ESHG) and American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) tentatively recommend that any expansion of this type of screening, as facilitated by NIPT, should be limited to serious congenital and childhood disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11019-019-09888-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Breast cancer risk in relation to plasma metabolites among Hispanic and African American women.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Epidemiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Purpose: The metabolic etiology of breast cancer has been explored in the past several years using metabolomics. However, most of these studies only included non-Hispanic White individuals.

Methods: To fill this gap, we performed a two-step (discovery and validation) metabolomics profiling in plasma samples from 358 breast cancer patients and 138 healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10549-019-05165-4DOI Listing
February 2019

The first identification of nesfatin-1-expressing neurons in the human bed nucleus of the stria terminalis.

J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Histology, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Medyków 18, 40-752, Katowice, Poland.

Neuropeptides are involved in various brain activities being able to control a wide spectrum of higher mental functions. The purpose of this concise structural investigation was to detect the possible immunoreactivity of the novel multifunctional neuropeptide nesfatin-1 within the human bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST). The BNST is involved in the mechanism of fear learning, integration of stress and reward circuits, and pathogenesis of addiction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00702-019-01984-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Inequalities in the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension among Bangladeshi adults: evidence from a nationwide survey.

Int J Equity Health 2019 Feb 15;18(1):33. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland, Indooroopilly, 4068, Queensland, Australia.

Background: In recent years, developing countries like Bangladesh are facing a higher burden of non-communicable diseases such as hypertension as a result of demographic transition. Prevalence of hypertension is often studied in this setting. However, evidence on undiagnosed hypertension is not widely available in the existing literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12939-019-0930-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Improvements cardiometabolic risk factors in Latin American Amerindians (the Mapuche) with concurrent training.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Education department of La Unión city, Chile.

Our aim was to investigate the effects of 12-weeks of CT (i.e., high-intensity interval and resistance training) in Mapuche adults from Chile and in their peers of European descent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sms.13409DOI Listing
February 2019

Philadelphia Telemedicine Glaucoma Detection and Follow-up Study: confirmation between eye screening and comprehensive eye examination diagnoses.

Br J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Glaucoma Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Aims: To evaluate agreement between ocular findings of a telemedicine eye screening (visit 1) with diagnoses of a comprehensive eye examination (visit 2).

Methods: A primary care practice (PCP)-based telemedicine screening programme incorporating fundus photography, intraocular pressure (IOP) and clinical information was conducted. Eligible individuals were African American, Hispanic/Latino or Asian over the age of 40; Caucasian individuals over age 65; and adults of any ethnicity over age 40 with a family history of glaucoma or diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-313451DOI Listing
February 2019

Population-based outcomes of men with a single negative prostate biopsy: Importance of continued follow-up among older patients.

Urol Oncol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Surgical Oncology, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada; Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Purpose: To determine in Ontario-based men with a single negative transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy the long-term rates of prostate cancer-specific mortality, diagnosis, and treatment; number of repeat biopsies; and predictors of prostate cancer diagnosis and mortality.

Materials And Methods: This was a population-based cohort study, using data from linked, validated health administrative databases, of all Ontario-based men with a negative first biopsy between January 1994 and October 2014. Patients were followed from time of first biopsy till death, administrative censoring, or end of study period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urolonc.2019.01.030DOI Listing
February 2019

Hospital Variation in Child Protection Reports of Substance Exposed Infants.

J Pediatr 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, WA; Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, WA; Harborview Injury Prevention & Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Objective: To examine whether hospital-level factors contribute to discrepancies in reporting to Child Protective Services (CPS) of infants diagnosed with prenatal substance exposure.

Study Design: We used a linked dataset of birth, hospital, and CPS records using diagnostic codes (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision) to identify infants diagnosed with prenatal substance exposure. Using multilevel models, we examined hospital-level and individual birth-level factors in relation to a report to CPS among those infants prenatally exposed to substances. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00223476193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.12.065DOI Listing
February 2019
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Clinical Features, Survival and Prognostic Factors of Glycogen-Rich Clear Cell Carcinoma (GRCC) of the Breast in the U.S. Population.

J Clin Med 2019 Feb 14;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY 40536, USA.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines glycogen-rich clear cell carcinoma (GRCC) of the breast as a carcinoma with glycogen accumulation in more than 90% of its tumor cells. Due to the rarity of this disease, its reported survival and clinical associations have been inconsistent due to reliance on case reports and limited case series. As a result, the prognostic implication of this cancer subtype remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020246DOI Listing
February 2019

Examining the Walking Accessibility, Willingness, and Travel Conditions of Residents in Saudi Cities.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 14;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

School of Engineering, The University of British Columbia (UBC)-Okanagan, 1137 Alumni Ave, Kelowna 1V1 1V7, BC, Canada.

Rapid urban expansion and population growth in Saudi cities over the past four decades have increased vehicular accidents and traffic congestion and have impacted the daily walking conditions of the residents. Walking has various health and environmental benefits. In North American and European countries, three factors have been found to motivate a resident to walk within their community: their accessibility to community social and business facilities, their perception and willingness, and the safety conditions of the roads and sidewalks within their community for walking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040545DOI Listing
February 2019

Medicare incentive payments to U.S. ophthalmologists for use of electronic health records: 2011-2016.

Ophthalmology 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Purpose: To investigate ophthalmologists' rate of attestation to meaningful use (MU) of their electronic health record (EHR) systems in the Medicare EHR Incentive Program and their continuity and success in receiving payments in comparison with other specialties.

Design: Administrative database study.

Participants: Eligible professionals participating in the Medicare EHR Incentive Program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.01.030DOI Listing
February 2019