432,188 results match your criteria American Fern Journal[Journal]


Developing Authentic Mentorship Through Professional Organizations.

Am J Pharm Educ 2022 Aug 10:9006. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, Jackson, Mississippi

Harsh realities in pandemic fatigue, burnout, inequities, and isolation are impacting academic pharmacy. Mentoring programs, especially inter-institutional programs like those provided within the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP), may help combat some of these issues. Unfortunately, year after year, academy members continue to request information on mentoring, whether it be the opportunity to pair up, advice on how to be better at it, or guidance on how to develop a program on mentoring. Read More

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Effects of Repealing the ACA Individual Mandate Penalty on Insurance Coverage and Marketplace Enrollment: Evidence from State Mandates in Massachusetts and New Jersey.

Med Care 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.

Background: Congress eliminated the individual mandate penalty of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) effective January 1, 2019.

Objective: To examine the effects of repealing the ACA mandate penalty on private health insurance coverage and marketplace enrollment by leveraging state-based mandates in Massachusetts and New Jersey.

Research Design: We employ synthetic control and difference-in-differences methods to compare insurance and enrollment changes separately in Massachusetts and New Jersey, which had insurance mandates effective in 2019, to other states without such mandates. Read More

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Medicaid Expansion and Change in Federally Qualified Health Center Accessibility from 2008 to 2016.

Med Care 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Biostatistics, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

Background: The Affordable Care Act expanded health coverage for low-income residents through Medicaid expansion and increased funding for Health Center Program New Access Points from 2009 to 2015, improving federally qualified health center (FQHC) accessibility. The extent to which these provisions progressed synergistically as intended when states could opt out of Medicaid expansion is unknown.

Objective: To compare change in FQHC accessibility among census tracts in Medicaid expansion and nonexpansion states. Read More

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Multi-Institutional Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy Incident Learning: Evaluation of Safety Barriers Using a Human Factors Analysis and Classification System.

J Patient Saf 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

From the Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Objectives: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) can improve therapeutic ratios and patient convenience, but delivering higher doses per fraction increases the potential for patient harm. Incident learning systems (ILSs) are being increasingly adopted in radiation oncology to analyze reported events. This study used an ILS coupled with a Human Factor Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) and barriers management to investigate the origin and detection of SBRT events and to elucidate how safeguards can fail allowing errors to propagate through the treatment process. Read More

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An integrated assessment of environmental sustainability and nutrient availability of food consumption patterns in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Am J Clin Nutr 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Nutrition, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Background: In Latin America and the Caribbean, historical shifts away from traditional, plant-sourced food production and consumption patterns may undermine both nutritional status and environmental sustainability. Although agricultural intensification and increasingly animal-centric dietary preferences in the region are well-documented, their influence on environmental degradation remains unknown.

Objective: This study aimed to 1) characterize the environmental impacts of current food consumption patterns in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean and 2) identify food groups that minimize impact while maintaining adequate nutrient availability. Read More

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Blunt Traumatic Aortic Injury in the Elderly Population.

J Vasc Surg 2022 Aug 7. Epub 2022 Aug 7.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Jacobi Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY.

Objectives: Blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in trauma patients. While outcomes for BTAI have been described in younger patient populations, elderly patients may present with different patterns of injury and have unique factors contributing to morbidity and mortality. This study aims to describe patterns of presentation and management in elderly patients presenting with BTAI using a nationwide database. Read More

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ABA Supports AMA Regarding Monkeypox Name Change: A Satire.

Authors:
Philip R Cohen

Clin Dermatol 2022 Aug 7. Epub 2022 Aug 7.

Department of Dermatology, University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA; Touro University California College of Osteopathic Medicine, Vallejo, CA. Electronic address:

The names of organizations, teams, and medical conditions can elicit controversy when presumedly non-intentional defamation of a subset of individuals is perceived. Indeed, this has recently resulted in changing the names of sports teams and diseases. Previously the ABA (American Baboon Association) solicited the other ABA (American Bar Association) and the drug reaction initially described to as baboon syndrome is now appropriately referred to as symmetrical drug-related intertriginous and flexural exanthema (SDRIFE). Read More

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Scientometric Analysis of Publications from 2004-2021 in Spine Surgery Field: A Latin American Perspective.

World Neurosurg 2022 Aug 7. Epub 2022 Aug 7.

Spine Surgery Division, National Institute of Rehabilitation, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine characteristics of Latin America productivity in spine surgery published worldwide between 2004 and 2021 compared between periods and global literature.

Methods: A comprehensive search about LA productivity in the field of spine surgery using the Scopus and PubMed databases was performed in February 2022. The results were limited to articles published in indexed journals from 2004 to 2021. Read More

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All-inside Technique Versus in Situ Transtendon Repair for Ellman Ⅲ Partial Articular Supraspinatus Tendon Avulsion.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2022 Aug 7. Epub 2022 Aug 7.

Department of Orthopedics, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

Background: The current surgical techniques for repairing Ellman Ⅲ partial articular supraspinatus tendon avulsion (PASTA) is mainly Tear completion followed by repair and in situ transtendon repair, and both techniques have been proven to have good clinical effects. In situ transtendon repair is more widely used because of its high performance in preserving the integrity of the bursal side supraspinatus tendon. However, there is still some scope for improvement. Read More

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GIE Editorial Board Top 10: Advances in GI endoscopy in 2021.

Gastrointest Endosc 2022 Aug 7. Epub 2022 Aug 7.

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Street North, Worcester, MA 01655. Electronic address:

The 9-member Editorial Board of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) performed a systematic literature search of original articles published during 2021 in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (GIE) and 10 other high-impact medical and gastroenterology journals on endoscopy-related topics. Votes from each Editorial Board member were tallied to identify a consensus list of the 10 most significant topic areas in GI endoscopy over the calendar year of study, with a focus on 3 criteria: significance, novelty, global impact on clinical practice. The 10 areas identified collectively represent advances in the following endoscopic topics: colonoscopy optimization; bariatric endoscopy; endoscopic needle sampling and drainage; per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM); endoscopic defect closure; meeting systemic challenges in endoscopic training and practice; endohepatology; fine needle aspiration vs. Read More

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Extended HPV Genotyping for Risk Assessment of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia Grade 2/3 or Worse in a Cohort Study.

J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2022 Aug;20(8):906-914.e10

1Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine.

Background: We sought to identify the absolute risk of specific HPV genotype for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2/3 or worse (CIN2+/3+) and to develop a risk-based management strategy in an HPV-positive population.

Methods: HPV genotyping was performed based on a 3-year cervical cancer screening cohort. The study endpoints were histologic CIN2+/3+. Read More

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Incidence of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 and Subsequent Mortality in a Multisite Cohort of Patients With Cancer in the CancerLinQ Discovery Database.

JCO Oncol Pract 2022 Aug;18(8):e1265-e1277

CancerLinQ, American Society of Clinical Oncology, Alexandria, VA.

Purpose: Understanding risks for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and subsequent mortality among patients with cancer may help inform treatment decisions during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: CancerLinQ is an electronic health record database from US oncology practices. We identified a cohort of patients with malignancy and 2+ encounters at CancerLinQ practices in the 12 months before the study period (January 1, 2020-January 31, 2021). Read More

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Fake news in the age of COVID-19: evolutional and psychobiological considerations.

Authors:
Orestis Giotakos

Psychiatriki 2022 Jul 19. Epub 2022 Jul 19.

Editor Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience & Mental Health", Founder of the npo obrela and "I Care for my Brain", President of the Hellenic Association of Sexology & Inter-Gender Relationships.

The COVID-19 outbreak has been accompanied by a massive infodemic: an overabundance of information, some accurate and some not. At this pandemic we have seen a large scale of fake news and misinformation, leading to anti-vaccine, anti-mask, and anti-5G protests.1 Fake news is intentionally misleading and deceptive news that is written and published with the intent to damage an entity or a person. Read More

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Retraction: "Assessing the Dissemination of COVID-19 Articles Across Social Media With Altmetric and PlumX Metrics: Correlational Study".

J Med Internet Res 2022 Aug 10;24(8):e41544. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Medicine, The George Washington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC, United States.

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Comparison of Premium Technology Utilization in Total Hip Arthroplasty Between Safety-net Hospitals and Non-safety-net Hospitals.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

From the Department of Orthopaedics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA (Sarkovich, Chapple, Dasa, and Krause), the Biostatistics Program, School of Public Health, LSU Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA (Chapple), and the Ponce Health Sciences University, School of Medicine, Ponce, Puerto Rico (Sarkovich).

Introduction: The objective of our study was to investigate the association of safety-net hospital (SNH) status with the use of premium technologies in total hip arthroplasty (THA) using the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons American Joint Replacement Registry.

Methods: Premium technology was defined as having one or more of the following three characteristics: ceramic femoral head, dual mobility (DM) bearing, or surgery conducted with robotic assistance (RA). Patients of all ages were included and subdivided into ceramic femoral head, DM, and RA cohorts. Read More

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American Radium Society (ARS) Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for Locoregional Gastric Adenocarcinoma: Systematic Review and Guidelines.

Am J Clin Oncol 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Panel Chair, Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ.

Objective: The objective of this study was to systematically evaluate the data regarding the use of neoadjuvant, perioperative, surgical, and adjuvant treatment options in localized gastric cancer patients and to develop Appropriate Use Criteria recommended by a panel of experts convened by the American Radium Society.

Methods: Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses methodology was used to develop an extensive analysis of peer-reviewed phase 2/2R/3 trials, as well as meta-analyses found within the Ovid Medline database between 2010 and 2020. The expert panel then rated the appropriateness of various treatments in 5 representative clinical scenarios through a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi). Read More

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Establishing AM symbiosis: Letting friends stay only when you need their gifts.

Authors:
Ching Chan

Plant Cell 2022 Jul 28. Epub 2022 Jul 28.

Assistant Features Editor, The Plant Cell, American Society of Plant Biologist, USA.

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MITE not be that bad after all: A transposon promoting drought resistance in apple.

Authors:
Johan Zicola

Plant Cell 2022 Jul 28. Epub 2022 Jul 28.

Assistant Features Editor, The Plant Cell, American Society of Plant Biologists, USA.

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Eight (histone H4 genes) is too much: A CRISPR/Cas9 strategy to replace highly duplicated genes with a single modified version for mutational analysis.

Plant Cell 2022 Jul 26. Epub 2022 Jul 26.

Assistant Features Editor, The Plant Cell, American Society of Plant Biologists, USA.

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Functional Outcomes of Dorsal Bridge Plating For Lisfranc Injuries with Routine Implant Retention: A Major Trauma Center Experience.

J Orthop Trauma 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Barts Bone and Joint Health, Barts Health NHS Trust, Whitechapel Road, London E1 1FR, United Kingdom.

Objectives: To assess medium-term functional outcomes and the complication profile for unstable Lisfranc injuries treated with Dorsal Bridge Plate (DBP) fixation when implants are not routinely removed.

Design: Large single-center retrospective case series.

Setting: Level-1 Trauma Center, London, United Kingdom. Read More

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Dive Performance and Aquatic Thermoregulation of the World's Smallest Mammalian Diver, the American Water Shrew ().

Physiol Biochem Zool 2022 Sep-Oct;95(5):438-463

AbstractAllometry predicts that the 12-17-g American water shrew ()-the world's smallest mammalian diver-will have the highest diving metabolic rate coupled with the lowest total body oxygen storage capacity, skeletal muscle buffering capacity, and glycolytic potential of any endothermic diver. Consistent with expectations, and potentially owing to their low thermal inertia, water shrews had a significantly higher diving metabolic rate in 10°C water (8.77 mL O g h) compared with 30°C water (6. Read More

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Global importance of Indigenous Peoples, their lands, and knowledge systems for saving the world's primates from extinction.

Sci Adv 2022 Aug 10;8(32):eabn2927. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Mikajy Natiora Association, Antananarivo, Madagascar.

Primates, represented by 521 species, are distributed across 91 countries primarily in the Neotropic, Afrotropic, and Indo-Malayan realms. Primates inhabit a wide range of habitats and play critical roles in sustaining healthy ecosystems that benefit human and nonhuman communities. Approximately 68% of primate species are threatened with extinction because of global pressures to convert their habitats for agricultural production and the extraction of natural resources. Read More

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Transfer from spatial education to verbal reasoning and prediction of transfer from learning-related neural change.

Sci Adv 2022 Aug 10;8(32):eabo3555. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Psychology, Georgetown University, DC, USA.

Current debate surrounds the promise of neuroscience for education, including whether learning-related neural changes can predict learning transfer better than traditional performance-based learning assessments. Longstanding debate in philosophy and psychology concerns the proposition that spatial processes underlie seemingly nonspatial/verbal reasoning (mental model theory). If so, education that fosters spatial cognition might improve verbal reasoning. Read More

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Hypertension Control Among US Adults, 2009 to 2012 Through 2017 to 2020, and the Impact of COVID-19.

Authors:
Brent M Egan

Hypertension 2022 Sep 10;79(9):1981-1983. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Greenville, SC. Improving Health Outcomes, American Medical Association, Greenville, SC.

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September 2022

Missed nursing care before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: A comparative cross-sectional study.

Int Nurs Rev 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Faculty of Nursing, Arab American University, Jenin, Palestine.

Aim: This study aimed to compare perception of nurses about missed care for the patients before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Jordan. It also examined how nurses differed in terms of the type of missed care and the factors that contributed to it before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, socio-demographic factors, including gender, educational level, length of clinical experience, work position, age, and type of shift, were examined to evaluate their association with missed nursing care. Read More

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The predictive performance of current termination-of-resuscitation rules in patients following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Asian countries: A cross-sectional multicentre study.

PLoS One 2022 10;17(8):e0270986. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Termination-of-resuscitation rules (TORRs) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients have been applied in western countries; in Asia, two TORRs were developed and have not been externally validated widely. We aimed to externally validate the TORRs using the registry of Pan-Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study (PAROS).

Methods: PAROS enrolled 66,780 OHCA patients in seven Asian countries from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2012. Read More

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Telehealth to improve continuity for patients receiving buprenorphine treatment for opioid use disorder.

Ann Fam Med 2022 Apr 1;20(20 Suppl 1). Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Context: Buprenorphine is medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorder. It is a controlled substance and most states limit the dispensing to a 30-day supply. Patients with opioid use disorder often have social determinants of health barriers that make it difficult to engage with the health system to obtain a new supply of buprenorphine every month. Read More

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