369,205 results match your criteria American Economic Journal-macroeconomics[Journal]


Postoperative Utilization of Oral Nutritional Supplements in Surgical Patients in US Hospitals.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

CAPER Unit Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Postoperative nutrition delivery is essential to surgical recovery; unfortunately, postoperative dietary intake is often poor. Recent surgical guidelines recommend use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) to improve nutrition delivery. Our aim was to examine prevalence of coded ONS use over time and coded malnutrition rates in postoperative patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpen.1862DOI Listing

Association of Obstructive Sleep Apnea with Nighttime Blood Pressure in African Americans: the Jackson Heart Study.

Am J Hypertens 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA.

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), nocturnal hypertension, and non-dipping systolic blood pressure (BP) are each highly prevalent among African Americans. However, few data are available on the association between OSA and nighttime BP in this population.

Methods: We examined the association of OSA with nighttime BP among African Americans who completed 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring at Exam 1 (2000-2004) of the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) and subsequently participated in the JHS Sleep Study (2012-2016). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpaa088DOI Listing

Racial/ethnic Disparities and Survival in Pediatrics with Gliomas Based on the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Database in the United States.

World Neurosurg 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Basic Medical, Navy Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, P.R.China. Electronic address:

Background: Gliomas are the most common type of primary central nervous system tumor for both children and adults. But the influence of racial/ethnic disparities on the survival of children with gliomas has not been fully evaluated yet.

Methods: Baseline characteristics of patients, including gender, year of diagnosis, surgery, grade, radiation, histology and races, were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.05.224DOI Listing

Does COVID-19 infection impact on the trend of seasonal influenza infection? 11 countries and regions, from 2014 to 2020.

Int J Infect Dis 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Healthcare Epidemiology, Graduate School of Medicine and Public Health, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address:

Objectives: Infection due to the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is widespread dramatically around the world. This COVID-19 pandemic could increase public concern to prevent infectious disease. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between the COVID-19 epidemic and decreasing another infectious disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.05.088DOI Listing

Confirmatory Testing for Eradication of Helicobacter pylori: Challenges and Opportunities.

Authors:
Ala I Sharara

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2020.05.051DOI Listing

Public Policy to Promote Healthy Cardiovascular Lifestyles in Children.

Can J Cardiol 2020 Mar 5. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Health policy is an important component of prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and promotion of health in childhood and adolescence, when major health behaviours are formed. Development of CVD-related health policy begins with continuous systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data to establish the baseline prevalence of CV risk factors and behaviours. These findings allow identification of problems, initiation of focused research, and development of evidence-based interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2020.02.080DOI Listing

Use of Static Cutoffs of Hypertension to Determine High cIMT in Children and Adolescents: An International Collaboration Study.

Can J Cardiol 2020 Mar 4. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China. Electronic address:

Background: Pediatric hypertension is typically defined as blood pressure ≥ sex-, age-, and height-specific 95th percentile (high) cutoffs. Given the number of strata, there are hundreds of cutoffs for defining elevated and high blood pressure that make it cumbersome to use in clinical practice. This study aimed to evaluate the utility of the static cutoffs for pediatric hypertension (120/80 mm Hg for children and 130/80 mm Hg for adolescents) in determining high carotid intimamedia thickness (cIMT) in children and adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2020.02.093DOI Listing

Lack of Association of IL6 polymorphism with the susceptibility to Chagas disease in Latin American populations.

Acta Trop 2020 May 31:105546. Epub 2020 May 31.

Instituto de Parasitología y Biomedicina López-Neyra, IPBLN-CSIC, PTS Granada, Granada, España. Electronic address:

The aim of the present study was to analyze IL6 rs1800795 genetic variant in the susceptibility to Trypanosoma cruzi infection and in the development of chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC), in five independent Latin American cohorts. A total of 3,087 individuals from Latin American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, and two cohorts from Colombia) were studied. In all cohorts, patients were classified as seropositive for T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105546DOI Listing

Multiple Sequence Variants in STAC3 Affect Interactions with Ca1.1 and Excitation-Contraction Coupling.

Structure 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada. Electronic address:

STAC3 is a soluble protein essential for skeletal muscle excitation-contraction (EC) coupling. Through its tandem SH3 domains, it interacts with the cytosolic II-III loop of the skeletal muscle voltage-gated calcium channel. STAC3 is the target for a mutation (W284S) that causes Native American myopathy, but multiple other sequence variants have been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.str.2020.05.005DOI Listing

Leadership in the Aftermath of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Next Steps Post Surge.

J Am Coll Radiol 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacr.2020.05.020DOI Listing

Modest Regulation of Digestive Performance Is Maintained through Early Ontogeny for the American Alligator, .

Physiol Biochem Zool 2020 Jul/Aug;93(4):320-338

The American alligator, , is an opportunistic carnivore that experiences an ontogenetic shift in food and feeding habits with an increase in body size. Alligators frequently feed on invertebrates and small fish as neonates and transition to feeding less frequently on larger vertebrates as they grow. We hypothesized that alligators experience an ontogenetic shift in the regulation of intestinal performance-modest regulation with frequent feeding early in life and wider regulation with less frequent feeding as they increase in body size. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/709443DOI Listing

Specialty Drugs - A Distinctly American Phenomenon.

N Engl J Med 2020 Jun;382(23):2179-2181

From the Department of Health Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, London (H.N.); and the Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston (H.N., A.S.K.).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp1909513DOI Listing

The Type and Amount of Dietary Fat Affect Plasma Factor VIIc, Fibrinogen, and PAI-1 in Healthy Individuals and Individuals at High Cardiovascular Disease Risk: 2 Randomized Controlled Trials.

J Nutr 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Medicine, Irving Center for Clinical Research, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Factor VIIc, fibrinogen, and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) are cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and are modulated, in part, by fat type and amount.

Objective: We evaluated fat type and amount on the primary outcomes: factor VIIc, fibrinogen, and PAI-1.

Methods: In the Dietary Effects on Lipoproteins and Thrombogenic Activity (DELTA) Trial, 2 controlled crossover feeding studies evaluated substituting carbohydrate or MUFAs for SFAs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxaa137DOI Listing

Association of OPRM1 Functional Coding Variant With Opioid Use Disorder: A Genome-Wide Association Study.

JAMA Psychiatry 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

Importance: With the current opioid crisis, it is important to improve understanding of the biological mechanisms of opioid use disorder (OUD).

Objectives: To detect genetic risk variants for OUD and determine genetic correlations and causal association with OUD and other traits.

Design, Setting, And Participants: A genome-wide association study of electronic health record-defined OUD in the Million Veteran Program sample was conducted, comprising 8529 affected European American individuals and 71 200 opioid-exposed European American controls (defined by electronic health record trajectory analysis) and 4032 affected African American individuals and 26 029 opioid-exposed African American controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.1206DOI Listing

Corrected analysis of 'Using financial incentives to promote physical activity in American Indian adolescents: A randomized controlled trial' confirms conclusions.

PLoS One 2020 3;15(6):e0233273. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Indiana University-Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America.

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233273PLOS

Latin American interventions in children and adolescents' sedentary behavior: a systematic review.

Rev Saude Publica 2020 1;54:59. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas Epidemiológicas em Atividade Física e Saúde, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

OBJECTIVE To identify and evaluate the effects of community-based interventions on the sedentary behavior (SB) of Latin American children and adolescents. METHODS A systematic review on community-based trials to reduce and/or control SB in Latin American countries (Prospero: CRD42017072157). Five databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, SciELO and Lilacs) and a reference lists were searched. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/s1518-8787.2020054001977DOI Listing

Major environmental and socioeconomic determinants of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil - a systematic literature review.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2020 1;53:e20190291. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Instituto de Estudos em Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a zoonotic disease with complex transmission cycle. Some environmental and socioeconomic factors are known to be the major determinants of the transmission process, which are involved in configuring the spatiotemporal patterns and thus can be delimiting. However, the relevance of these socioeconomic and environmental determinants is still not well understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0291-2019DOI Listing

Damage-responsive, maturity-silenced enhancers regulate multiple genes that direct regeneration in .

Elife 2020 Jun 3;9. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, United States.

Like tissues of many organisms, imaginal discs lose the ability to regenerate as they mature. This loss of regenerative capacity coincides with reduced damage-responsive expression of multiple genes needed for regeneration. We previously showed that two such genes, and , are regulated by a single damage-responsive enhancer that becomes progressively inactivated via Polycomb-mediated silencing as discs mature (Harris et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.58305DOI Listing

Inappropriate/d bodies: Reorganizing the terms of life and death.

Death Stud 2020 Jun 3:1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.

The aim of this article is to offer insight into the different meanings of death that pierce the lives of people with disabilities and to discuss how those meanings are formed through a close connection with their bodies. To do that, I take an anthropological approach to trace the life paths of two individuals from a southern Latin American metropolis, exploring their embodied experiences of disability. Based on their accounts, I look at how their bodies are affected by specific conditions of stigma, dispossession, and social death, but also how, as "inappropriate/d" bodies, they rise above the logic of difference and move from a state of "absence" to a state of "presence" in the social world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2020.1771854DOI Listing

Innovative patient education and pain management protocols to achieve opioid-free shoulder arthroplasty.

JSES Int 2020 Jun 4;4(2):362-365. Epub 2020 May 4.

Levitetz Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, FL, USA.

Background: The creation of pain as the fifth vital sign led to skyrocketing opioid prescriptions and a crisis with addiction and abuse among Americans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a patient engagement model including education and innovative opioid-free multimodal pain management to achieve an opioid-free recovery after shoulder arthroplasty (SA).

Methods: Fifty patients undergoing SA were divided into 2 groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseint.2020.01.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256883PMC

Effect of biceps tenodesis on speed of recovery after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

JSES Int 2020 Jun 24;4(2):341-346. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Orthopedics, Holy Cross Orthopedic Research Institute, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA.

Background: Concomitant biceps tendon pathology is often present in patients undergoing rotator cuff repair (RCR). Management of biceps pathology has been reported to influence outcomes of RCR; however, the impact on the pace of recovery remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of simultaneous RCR with biceps tenodesis (RCR-BT) on time to achieve maximum improvement and recovery speed for pain and function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseint.2019.12.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256889PMC

A new pathophysiology of atraumatic rotator cuff tears: adduction restriction of the glenohumeral joint.

JSES Int 2020 Jun 27;4(2):333-340. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, East Japan Railway Sendai Hospital, Miyagi, Japan.

Background: The pathophysiology of atraumatic rotator cuff tears (ATTs) has not been fully understood. Adduction restriction of the glenohumeral joint can cause pain and disability in patients with ATTs. We aimed to use our adduction test (pushing the humerus toward the side in the coronal plane with scapular fixation) to fluoroscopically measure the glenohumeral adduction angle (GAA) and to assess the effectiveness of adduction manipulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseint.2020.02.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256894PMC

Revision anterior glenohumeral instability: is arthroscopic treatment an option?

JSES Int 2020 Jun 7;4(2):287-291. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the short-term outcomes for patients who underwent revision surgery for shoulder instability, including both revision arthroscopic repair and Latarjet.

Methods: This study included patients who underwent revision of a prior arthroscopic labral repair to arthroscopic labral repair or Latarjet at our institution from 2012 to 2017. After collection of preoperative demographic data, preoperative 3-dimensional imaging was reviewed to determine percent glenoid bone loss (%GBL) and to determine whether each shoulder was on-track or off-track. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseint.2020.02.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256882PMC

The evolution of virtual reality in shoulder and elbow surgery.

JSES Int 2020 Jun 7;4(2):215-223. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Virtual Reality (VR) in orthopedic surgery has significantly increased in popularity in the areas of preoperative planning, intraoperative usage, and for education and training; however, its utilization lags behind other surgical disciplines and industries. The use of VR in orthopedics is largely focused on education and is currently endorsed by North American and European training committees. The use of VR in shoulder and elbow surgery has varying levels of evidence, from I to IV, and typically involves educational randomized controlled trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseint.2020.02.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256885PMC

A microRNA Approach to Discriminate Cortical Low Bone Turnover in Renal Osteodystrophy.

JBMR Plus 2020 May 25;4(5):e10353. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Division of Nephrology Indiana University School of Medicine Indianapolis IN USA.

A main obstacle to diagnose and manage renal osteodystrophy (ROD) is the identification of intracortical bone turnover type (low, normal, high). The gold standard, tetracycline-labeled transiliac crest bone biopsy, is impractical to obtain in most patients. The Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes Guidelines recommend PTH and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP) for the diagnosis of turnover type. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbm4.10353DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7254487PMC

Methods for Estimating Wet Bulb Globe Temperature From Remote and Low-Cost Data: A Comparative Study in Central Alabama.

Geohealth 2020 May 21;4(5):e2019GH000231. Epub 2020 May 21.

Division of Preventive Medicine University of Alabama at Birmingham Birmingham AL USA.

Heat stress is a significant health concern that can lead to illness, injury, and mortality. The wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) index is one method for monitoring environmental heat risk. Generally, WBGT is estimated using a heat stress monitor that includes sensors capable of measuring ambient, wet bulb, and black globe temperature, and these measurements are combined to calculate WBGT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019GH000231DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7240860PMC

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding diabetic retinopathy among primary health care physicians in Al-Hasa, Saudi Arabia.

J Prev Med Hyg 2020 Mar 2;61(1):E85-E91. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) has been shown to be the third most observed cause of visual loss in Saudi Arabia. In the Al-Hasa region in particular, the prevalence of DR has been shown to be 30%. Primary health centre (PHC) physicians play a central role in the early detection and prevention of DR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15167/2421-4248/jpmh2020.61.1.1229DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225646PMC

and infections in dairy calves in southern Ethiopia.

Parasite Epidemiol Control 2020 Aug 11;10:e00155. Epub 2020 May 11.

Italian National Reference Centre for Toxoplasmosis at Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sicilia A. Mirri, Italy.

and are the most common enteric protozoan parasites causing diarrhea in humans and animals worldwide. This study was conducted with the objectives of estimating prevalence and identifying risk factors for and infections in dairy calves in selected districts of southern Ethiopia. Fecal samples ( = 330) were collected from calves in 92 farms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parepi.2020.e00155DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256661PMC

Primary Erythromelalgia Complicated by Cellulitis: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Am J Med Case Rep 2020 5;8(6):153-158. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Health Sciences University, Brooklyn, NY 11203 USA.

Background: Erythromelalgia is a rare disease with increasing incidence. It manifests as episodic painful red extremities triggered by heat. External cooling provides temporary symptomatic relief but may lead to complications such as cellulitis. Read More

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Union Following Biological and Rigid Fixations of Distal Tibia Extra-articular Fractures.

Arch Bone Jt Surg 2020 Mar;8(2):162-167

Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Distal tibia fractures are among the most common bony injuries, with a significant rate of nonunion and delayed union. There are multiple methods for the management of distal tibia fractures. Among the plating methods, there are bridge plating and compression plating techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2019.36760.1972DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191982PMC