2,320 results match your criteria Ambio[Journal]


Assessing the contribution of mobility in the European Union to rubber expansion.

Ambio 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1087, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Nearly three-quarters of global natural rubber production is used to produce tyres, supporting mobility around the globe. The projected increase in mobility could contribute to further expansion of rubber plantations and impact tropical ecosystems. We quantified the use of natural rubber in tyres in the European Union (EU), the corresponding land footprint, and explored drivers of tyre use using country-specific transport statistics and trade registers of rubber goods. Read More

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Our mysterious future: Opening up the perspectives on the evolution of human-nature relationships.

Authors:
Cyrille Rigolot

Ambio 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

UMR Territoires, Université Clermont Auvergne, INRAE, VetAgro Sup, AgroParisTech, Route de Theix, 63122, Saint-Genès Champanelle, France.

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Impacts of environmental change on biodiversity and vegetation dynamics in Siberia.

Ambio 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Tomsk State University, 36 Lenina Pr., Tomsk, Russian Federation, 634050.

Biological diversity is the basis for, and an indicator of biosphere integrity. Together with climate change, its loss is one of the two most important planetary boundaries. A halt in biodiversity loss is one of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Read More

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Understanding the changing role of global public health in biodiversity conservation.

Authors:
Will Smith

Ambio 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Alfred Deakin Institute, Deakin University, Building C, Level 1, Burwood, Victoria, 3125, Australia.

Zoonotic disease emergence has become a core concern of biodiversity conservation amid the ongoing impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Major international conservation groups now comprehensively center larger human-nature imbalances not only as problems of global public health but as a core challenge of the conservation movement, alongside habitat destruction, biodiversity loss and climate change. There is, however, little consideration of how new biosecurity concerns might alter conservation practice with unexpected and potential harmful impacts on human communities, particularly in developing nations with significant human-wildlife interfaces. Read More

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The worst 2020 saline water intrusion disaster of the past century in the Mekong Delta: Impacts, causes, and management implications.

Ambio 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Water Resources Center, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Vietnam Mekong Delta (VMD), the country's most important food basket, is constantly threatened by drought-infused salinity intrusion (SI). The SI disaster of 2020 is recognized as the worst in recent decades, hence inspiring this perspective article. The authors' viewpoints on the disaster's impacts and causes are presented. Read More

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How unnecessarily high abatement costs and unresolved distributional issues undermine nutrient reductions to the Baltic Sea.

Ambio 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Finnish Environment Institute, Latokartanonkaari 11, 00790, Helsinki, Finland.

This paper systematically reviews the literature on how to reduce nutrient emissions to the Baltic Sea cost-effectively and considerations for allocating these costs fairly among countries. The literature shows conclusively that the reduction targets of the Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP) could be achieved at considerably lower cost, if countries would cooperate to implement the least costly abatement plan. Focusing on phosphorus abatement could be prudent as the often recommended measures-wastewater treatment and wetlands-abate nitrogen too. Read More

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Planning and governing nature-based solutions in river landscapes: Concepts, cases, and insights.

Ambio 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Working Group "Governance of Ecosystem Services", Eberswalder Str. 84, 15374, Müncheberg, Germany.

Nature-based solutions (NBS), understood as actions that use ecosystem processes to address societal needs, can play important roles to future-proof river landscape development for people and nature. However, knowledge gaps exist how NBS can be planned and implemented at landscape scales. This Special Issue brings together insights and experiences from studies of assessing, planning, and implementing NBS in river landscapes in Europe and beyond. Read More

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A theory of scaling for community-based fisheries management.

Ambio 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Australian Centre for Ocean Resources and Security (ANCORS), University of Wollongong (UOW), North Wollongong, NSW, 2500, Australia.

Community-based approaches to fisheries management has emerged as a mainstream strategy to govern dispersed, diverse and dynamic small scale fisheries. However, amplifying local community led sustainability outcomes remains an enduring challenge. We seek to fill a theoretical gap in the conceptualization of 'scaling up community-based fisheries management'. Read More

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New frontiers in Japanese Forest Policy: Addressing ecosystem disservices in the 21st century.

Ambio 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8502, Japan.

Forests are a potential solution to numerous global environmental issues, and their restoration is widely pursued. Forty percent of Japan's forests are planted forests. This has caused the common occurrence of forest ecosystem disservices in the country, like-wildlife damage, pollinosis, and driftwood damage. Read More

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Deoxygenation impacts on Baltic Sea cod: Dramatic declines in ecosystem services of an iconic keystone predator.

Ambio 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Aquatic Resources, Institute of Marine Research, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Turistgatan 5, 453 30, Lysekil, Sweden.

The intensified expansion of the Baltic Sea's hypoxic zone has been proposed as one reason for the current poor status of cod (Gadus morhua) in the Baltic Sea, with repercussions throughout the food web and on ecosystem services. We examined the links between increased hypoxic areas and the decline in maximum length of Baltic cod, a demographic proxy for services generation. We analysed the effect of different predictors on maximum length of Baltic cod during 1978-2014 using a generalized additive model. Read More

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Hydromorphological and socio-cultural assessment of urban rivers to promote nature-based solutions in Jarabacoa, Dominican Republic.

Ambio 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Faculty of Spatial Development and Infrastructure Systems, Cologne University of Applied Sciences, Robertstrasse 2, 53111, Cologne, Germany.

In Latin America and the Caribbean, river restoration projects are increasing, but many lack strategic planning and monitoring. We tested the applicability of a rapid visual social-ecological stream assessment method for restoration planning, complemented by a citizen survey on perceptions and uses of blue and green infrastructure. We applied the method at three urban streams in Jarabacoa (Dominican Republic) to identify and prioritize preferred areas for nature-based solutions. Read More

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Typologies of collaborative governance for scaling nature-based solutions in two strategic South African river systems.

Ambio 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

African Climate & Development Initiative (ACDI), University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa.

Scaled up planning and implementation of nature-based solutions requires better understanding of broad characteristics (typologies) of the current governance and financing landscape, collaborative approaches amidst local complexities, and factors of scalability. An inventory was compiled of water-related ecological infrastructure intervention projects in two river systems in South Africa, incorporating actor, environmental, social, and financial dimensions and benefits. Qualitative participatory analysis revealed eight typologies. Read More

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The application of an environmental performance framework for climate adaptation innovations on two nature-based adaptations.

Ambio 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Institute for Science, Innovation and Society, University of Oxford, 64 Banbury Road, Oxford, OX2 6PN, UK.

In this paper, we introduce and test a framework to qualitatively assess the environmental impact of climate adaptation innovations with the ambition to facilitate the implementation of these adaptations. The framework was designed to enable continuous environmentally conscious benchmarking based on three environmental performance indicators: sustainable design, environmental impact and ecological impact. It was pilot tested by uninvolved experts and key-persons for two large-scale nature-based flood adaptation innovations in the Netherlands and discussed with environmental assessment professionals. Read More

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Promise and performance of agricultural nutrient management policy: Lessons from the Baltic Sea.

Ambio 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), Latokartanonkaari 11, 00790, Helsinki, Finland.

Following decades of international collaboration to restore the Baltic Sea, we provide an assessment of the domestic implementation of measures agreed to limit diffuse agricultural pollution and the patterns of policy instruments applied. Despite the Helsinki Convention being unusually specific in detailing what measures countries should introduce, we find many shortcomings. These are most pronounced in the larger countries (Poland, Germany and Russia), while smaller countries perform better, notably Sweden and Estonia. Read More

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Towards circular phosphorus: The need of inter- and transdisciplinary research to close the broken cycle.

Ambio 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Eawag, Process Engineering, 8600, Dübendorf, Switzerland.

Phosphorus (P) is an essential element to all living beings but also a finite resource. P-related problems center around broken P cycles from local to global scales. This paper presents outcomes from the 9th International Phosphorus Workshop (IPW9) held 2019 on how to move towards a sustainable P management. Read More

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Recognizing Indigenous peoples' and local communities' rights and agency in the post-2020 Biodiversity Agenda.

Ambio 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Anthropology, Indiana University Bloomington, 702 E. Kirkwood Ave. Student building 130, Bloomington, IN, 47401, USA.

The Convention on Biological Diversity is defining the goals that will frame future global biodiversity policy in a context of rapid biodiversity decline and under pressure to make transformative change. Drawing on the work of Indigenous and non-Indigenous scholars, we argue that transformative change requires the foregrounding of Indigenous peoples' and local communities' rights and agency in biodiversity policy. We support this argument with four key points. Read More

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Response to "Withering the coloniality of the forest transition?"

Ambio 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Academic Research, Center for Sustainable Business, Stern School of Business, New York University, 44 West Fourth Street, New York, NY, 10012, USA.

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The policy consequences of defining rewilding.

Ambio 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Conservation and Policy, Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London, NW1 4RY, UK.

More than 30 years after it was first proposed as a biodiversity conservation strategy, rewilding remains a controversial concept. There is currently little agreement about what the goals of rewilding are, and how these are best achieved, limiting the utility of rewilding in mainstream conservation. Achieving consensus about rewilding requires agreeing about what "wild" means, but many different definitions exist, reflecting the diversity of values in conservation. Read More

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Freshwater systems and ecosystem services: Challenges and chances for cross-fertilization of disciplines.

Ambio 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Lendület Ecosystem Services Research Group, Centre for Ecological Research, 2-4 Alkotmány utca, 2163, Vácrátót, Hungary.

Freshwater ecosystems are among the most threatened in the world, while providing numerous essential ecosystem services (ES) to humans. Despite their importance, research on freshwater ecosystem services is limited. Here, we examine how freshwater studies could help to advance ES research and vice versa. Read More

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How does a nature-based solution for flood control compare to a technical solution? Case study evidence from Belgium.

Ambio 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Research team Nature & Society, Institute of Nature and Forest Research (INBO), Havenlaan 88 bus 73, 1000, Brussel, Belgium.

The strategy of reconnecting rivers with their floodplains currently gains popularity because it not only harnesses natural capacities of floodplains but also increases social co-benefits and biodiversity. In this paper, we present an example of a successfully implemented nature-based solution (NBS) in the Dijle valley in the centre of Belgium. The research objective is to retrospectively assess cost and benefit differences between a technical solution (storm basins) and an alternative NBS, here the restoration of the alluvial floodplain. Read More

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Threats to land and environmental defenders in nature's last strongholds.

Ambio 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore, 117543, Republic of Singapore.

Land and environmental defenders are a major bulwark against environmental destruction and biodiversity loss resulting from unsustainable nature resource extraction. Resultant conflicts can lead to violence against and deaths of these defenders. Along with mounting environmental pressures, homicides of these defenders are increasing globally. Read More

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Water and sectoral policies in agriculture-forest frontiers: An expanded interdisciplinary research approach.

Ambio 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Germany gGmbH, Charles-de-Gaulle-Strasse 5, 53113, Bonn, Germany.

Major land use changes such as deforestation and restoration influence water resources in agriculture-forest landscapes. Changes are observed in water flows, groundwater infiltration, water quality and rainfall. Interdisciplinary water-forest research has unravelled biophysical parts of the interplay that influences forest and water resources. Read More

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Wither the coloniality of the forest transition.

Ambio 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Geography, Rutgers University, Lucy Stone Hall, 54 Joyce Kilmer Avenue, Piscataway, NJ, 08854-8045, USA.

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Environmental Change in Southern Appalachia: Local Ecological Knowledge across Residential Groups.

Ambio 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Rutherford County, 142 E. Main Street, Ste 100, Forest City, NC, 28043, USA.

This paper examines how residents of Southern Appalachia observe changes in their natural environment, the values that they assign to plants and animals in that environment, and their understandings and explanations of environmental change. We use semi-structured interviews and participant observation to determine that multigenerational residents and newcomers to the region are observing and noting change in different components of the environment and that they have different determinations of both the causes and likely consequences of that change. While multigenerational residents focus their observation and commentary on staple crops and culturally-important species, newcomers to the area concentrate on species related to recreational pursuits, giving each group insights into different aspects of environmental change. Read More

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The potential of nature-based solutions to deliver ecologically just cities: Lessons for research and urban planning from a systematic literature review.

Ambio 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Centre for Urban Transitions, Faculty of Health, Arts and Design, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia.

Planning for and implementing multifunctional nature-based solutions can improve urban ecosystems' adaptation to climate change, foster urban resilience, and enable social and environmental innovation. There is, however, a knowledge gap in how to design and plan nature-based solutions in a nonanthropocentric manner that enhances co-benefits for humans and nonhuman living organisms. To address this gap, we conducted a systematic literature review to explore how an ecological justice perspective can advance the understanding of nature-based solutions. Read More

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Sustainability of wild plant use in the Andean Community of South America.

Ambio 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Natural Capital and Plant Health Department, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, Wakehurst Place, Ardingly, RH17 6TN, UK.

Overexploitation is the second biggest driver of global plant extinction. Meanwhile, useful plant species are vital to livelihoods across the world, with global conservation efforts increasingly applying the concept of 'conservation-through-use.' However, successfully balancing conservation and biodiversity use remains challenging. Read More

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In harm's way: Non-migration decisions of people at risk of slow-onset coastal hazards in Bangladesh.

Ambio 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Environmental Science and Disaster Management, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj, 8100, Bangladesh.

Non-migration is an adaptive strategy that has received little attention in environmental migration studies. We explore the leveraging factors of non-migration decisions of communities at risk in coastal Bangladesh, where exposure to both rapid- and slow-onset natural disasters is high. We apply the Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) to empirical data and assess how threat perception and coping appraisal influences migration decisions in farming communities suffering from salinization of cropland. Read More

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How the loss of forest fauna undermines the achievement of the SDGs.

Ambio 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Global Wildlife Conservation, 500 Capital of Texas Hwy, Austin, TX, 78746, USA.

The human-driven loss of biodiversity has numerous ecological, social, and economic impacts at the local and global levels, threatening important ecological functions and jeopardizing human well-being. In this perspective, we present an overview of how tropical defaunation-defined as the disappearance of fauna as a result of anthropogenic drivers such as hunting and habitat alteration in tropical forest ecosystems-is interlinked with four selected Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We discuss tropical defaunation related to nutrition and zero hunger (SDG 2), good health and well-being (SDG 3), climate action (SDG 13), and life on land (SDG 15). Read More

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Quantifying trade-offs between ecological gains, economic costs, and landowners' preferences in boreal mire protection.

Ambio 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, P.O. Box 35, 40014, Jyväskylä, Finland.

Private land often encompasses biodiversity features of high conservation value, but its protection is not straightforward. Commonly, landowners' perspectives are rightfully allowed to influence conservation actions. This unlikely comes without consequences on biodiversity or other aspects such as economic considerations, but these consequences are rarely quantitatively considered in decision-making. Read More

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