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    719 results match your criteria Alpha Omegan [Journal]

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    Platform switching and abutment emergence profile modification on peri-implant soft tissue.
    Alpha Omegan 2014 ;107(2):28-32
    Although the peri-implant hard tissue advantages of platform switching abutments have been well documented by many authors, the peri-implant soft tissue advantages of platform switching abutments has had limited mention. This article illustrates how the amount of peri-implant soft tissue volume is influenced by the dimensional extent of platform switching and the degree that an abutment's sulcular emergence profile has been modified. This article also introduces the term "abutment sulcular emergence profile enhancement" (ASEPE) to describe the combined effect of platform switching and abutment emergence profile modification. Read More

    The extraction socket and the dental implant restoration.
    Alpha Omegan 2014 ;107(2):16-27
    The purpose of this article is to provide clinical recommendations for creating an esthetic restoration when utilizing an endosseous implant in the more demanding maxillary or mandibular anterior region of the mouth. The process attempts to correct alterations in form and function due to the undesirable effects of caries, periodontal infection or injury to the teeth and/ or their supporting tissues. Oftentimes, this requires an interdisciplinary approach that may be very delicate, involving the management of bone, soft tissue, and the design of the implant abutment and implant crown forms with carefully constructed physiologic contours. Read More

    Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw: what we have learned.
    Alpha Omegan 2014 ;107(2):8-15
    Bisphosphonate related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ) is an entity that has become prevalent upon the dental and medical community for more than 10 years. This entity is unfortunate because both oral and intravenous nitrogen containing bisphosphonates have beneficial effects for patients for certain conditions. The exact pathology of BRONJ has yet to be determined, although many hypotheses have been put forth. Read More

    CAD/CAM guided surgery in implant dentistry. A review of software packages and step-by-step protocols for planning surgical guides.
    Alpha Omegan 2014 ;107(1):32-8
    Three-dimensional radiographic imaging for dental implant treatment planning is gaining widespread interest and popularity. However, application of the data from 30 imaging can be a complex and daunting process initially. The purpose of this article is to describe features of three software packages and the respective computerized guided surgical templates (GST) fabricated from them. Read More

    CAD/CAM guided surgery in implant dentistry: a brief review.
    Alpha Omegan 2014 ;107(1):26-31
    Advanced imaging and CAD/CAM technologies and their applications in enhancing treatment outcomes in implant dentistry have gained widespread interest. Guided implant surgery utilizing these advanced technologies has significant applications in implant dentistry. This article provides information on some of the perceived advantages and disadvantages for planning guided versus conventional implant surgery as well as basic steps involved in the fabrication of guided surgical templates (GST). Read More

    Part II. Minimizing alveolar bone loss during and after extractions. Protocol and techniques for alveolar bone preservation.
    Alpha Omegan 2014 ;107(1):14-25
    Alveolar ridge resorption accelerates following extraction of teeth and the residual defect varies from socket to socket. This article proposes a new treatment oriented classification of extraction defects. It also reviews several graft materials and membranes that aid in the decision for selecting an appropriate socket preservation technique. Read More

    Complications in implant dentistry.
    Alpha Omegan 2014 ;107(1):8-12
    The mainstream use of dental implants has allowed millions of patients to benefit from the predictability of dental implant therapy and, in many instances, dental implants have become the standard of care. Even though success rates in implant dentistry are well above 90 percent, complications do occur. Most complications are preventable with proper planning and execution. Read More

    Lingual and inferior alveolar nerve injuries after third molar removal.
    Alpha Omegan 2013 Fall-Winter;106(3-4):91-5
    Trigeminal nerve injury is a rare, but serious complication of a common procedure, which results in a clinically relevant problem that deserves attention. The emergence of microsurgical repair of trigeminal injury has provided clinicians with treatment options for patients who experience persistent neurosensory deficits. The area of microsurgical repair of trigeminal nerves is now in its adolescence. Read More

    Reduced complications by modified and grafted coronectomy vs. standard coronectomy--a case series.
    Alpha Omegan 2013 Fall-Winter;106(3-4):81-9
    Purpose: The best researched method to decrease nerve injury during the removal of lower third molars is Intentional Partial Odontectomy or Standard coronectomy (SC). Despite an excellent track record, complications still exist. The purpose of this article is to introduce a case series of modified and grafted coronectomy (MGC), designed to minimize the drawbacks of SC. Read More

    Routine and complicated extractions: avoiding and managing complications.
    Alpha Omegan 2013 Fall-Winter;106(3-4):59-65
    Dental extractions are commonly performed procedures in dentistry. For a number of different reasons, there can be serious complications both during surgical procedures and during patient recovery. Many of these complications can be avoided by recognizing "red flags" in advance of untoward events and by taking steps to prevent or manage such problems. Read More

    Sleep bruxism: review and update for the restorative dentist.
    Alpha Omegan 2013 Spring-Summer;106(1-2):23-8
    Sleep bruxism (SB) is a parafunctional oromotor activity that can sometimes pose a threat to the integrity of the structures of the masticatory system if the magnitude and direction of the forces exerted exceed the system's adaptive capacity. Over the years science has tried to provide a consistent explanation of the etiopathogenesis and physiopathology of SB, although the pathophysiological mechanisms are, even now, not fully understood yet. There is at present no specific, effective treatment to permanently eliminate the habit of SB. Read More

    Myofascial trigger point pain.
    Alpha Omegan 2013 Spring-Summer;106(1-2):14-22
    Myofascial trigger point pain is an extremely prevalent cause of persistent pain disorders in all parts of the body, not just the head, neck, and face. Features include deep aching pain in any structure, referred from focally tender points in taut bands of skeletal muscle (the trigger points). Diagnosis depends on accurate palpation with 2-4 kg/cm2 of pressure for 10 to 20 seconds over the suspected trigger point to allow the referred pain pattern to develop. Read More

    Wilckodontics--an alternative adult orthodontic treatment method: rational and application.
    Alpha Omegan 2011 Fall-Winter;104(3-4):102-11
    Orthodontic and Craniofacial Department, Graduate School of Dentistry, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.
    Adult orthodontics poses a challenge for practitioners as it involves unique biomechanical considerations due to biologic age related changes and lack of skeletal growth potential. Dental risks in adult orthodontics include, amongst others, root resorption and periodontal complications. As modern life calls for quick and efficient orthodontic treatments, a novel orthodontic modality was developed utilizing adjunctive periodontal surgery that includes bone corticotomy combined with bone augmentation. Read More

    Dental management of pediatric HIV patients--state of Israel, Ministry of Health Project at Rambam Health Care Campus, 2006-2011.
    Alpha Omegan 2011 Fall-Winter;104(3-4):97-101
    Department of Community Dentistry, The Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Over two million children around the world are living with AIDS. Oral health and oral manifestations, such as dental caries and periodontitis, are important issues requiring focus when treating these children. Descriptive data of a project conducted at Rambam Hospital, financed by the Israeli Ministry of Health, are presented in order to investigate and characterize dental treatment for HIV infected children. Read More

    Advancement of the cleft maxilla using distraction osteogenesis--surgical and orthodontic considerations.
    Alpha Omegan 2011 Fall-Winter;104(3-4):85-96
    Orthodontic and Craniofacial Department, School of Graduate Dentistry, Rambam Health Care Campus, Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.
    The distraction osteogenesis principle that was originally developed by orthopedists for purposes of limb lengthening can now be used successfully for bones of the craniofacial region, including cleft palate deformities. Advancement of the cleft maxilla by means of distraction is based on the concept of using stretching forces to separate two bony elements at the midface region. The role of orthodontists in skeletal treatment of the maxilla utilizing distraction osteogenesis should be collaborative and adjunctive as part of a team approach to rehabilitate the patient. Read More

    Entropy values of intellectually-disabled and normal children undergoing deep intravenous sedation for dental treatment.
    Alpha Omegan 2011 Fall-Winter;104(3-4):79-84
    Department of Anesthesiology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.
    Background: Intravenous sedation is an efficient method to facilitate dental treatment delivery to uncooperative children. Entropy is used for monitoring anesthetic depth. Nonetheless, scarce data is found on entropy monitoring in intellectually-disabled patients during sedation. Read More

    Aggressive periodontitis: the silent tooth killer.
    Alpha Omegan 2011 Fall-Winter;104(3-4):74-8
    Department of Periodontology, School of Graduate Dentistry, Rambam Health Care Campus and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.
    Aggressive periodontitis comprises a group of rapidly progressive forms of periodontitis characterized by early onset of clinical manifestations at a young age and a distinctive tendency for cases to aggregate in families. Though once believed to be a rare condition, recent evidence suggest that aggressive periodontitis is more common than assumed. The etiology of aggressive periodontitis is probably due to the expression of highly virulent causative agents in combination with high levels of susceptibility of the individual patient. Read More

    Guiding the practitioner through the caries management by risk assessment (CAMBRA) protocol.
    Alpha Omegan 2011 Fall-Winter;104(3-4):68-72
    Case Western Reserve University, School of Dental Medicine, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.
    In the past, the approach for treating caries was mainly symptomatic and involved removal of caries, teeth restoration, oral hygiene instructions, and fluoride applications in cases that presented with significant disease. As the bacterial component of the disease was revealed, questions emerged concerning the significance of each strain present and intervention in the process of caries development. This article reviews the evidence that supports the implementation of the current caries risk assessment and management protocol (CAMBRA). Read More

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