6,800 results match your criteria Allgemeine Forst Und Jagdzeitung[Journal]


[Cognitive control in the research domain criteria system: clinical implications for auditory verbal hallucinations].

Nervenarzt 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Zentrum für Psychosoziale Medizin, Klinik für Allgemeine Psychiatrie, Universität Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Deutschland.

Cognitive control (CC) represents one of six constructs within the research domain criteria (RDoC) domain of cognitive systems, which can be examined using different units of analyses (from genetic and molecular mechanisms to neural circuits and self-reports). The CC is defined as the ability to execute top-down control over task-specific processes and to coordinate thought and actions to achieve a specific goal. Within the field of cognitive neuroscience, recent studies provided important findings about central neuronal components of the CC network and the interactions with other relevant functional systems. Read More

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[Pain management during pregnancy : An expert-based interdisciplinary consensus recommendation].

Schmerz 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Abteilung für Anästhesie und Operative Intensivmedizin, Wiener Gesundheitsverbund, Klinik Landstraße, Wien, Österreich.

Background: Pregnancy and pain of different origins is an unfavorable combination that presents all practitioners with special challenges. Pain negatively affects the homeostasis of humans. Patient compliance and in-depth knowledge of the fetotoxicity and teratogenicity of the substances are necessary to maintain a balance between therapy for the mother and safety of the unborn child. Read More

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Incidental Findings and How to Manage Them: Testis- A WFUMB Position Paper.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department Allgemeine Innere Medizin, Kliniken Hirslanden Beau Site, Salem und Permanence, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Testicular incidentalomas are non-palpable, asymptomatic lesions, most frequently detected on ultrasound examinations. Each incidentaloma should undergo a standardized diagnostic workup to exclude malignancy and recognize other potentially significant non-malignant conditions that may first present with an incidental finding on scrotal ultrasound. This position statement of the World Federation of Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (WFUMB) summarizes the available evidence on management of testicular incidentalomas and describes efficient management strategies with particular reference to the role of ultrasound techniques. Read More

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Never retire: An introduction to the Baumeister- Humphreys-Spence--Urban birthday issue.

Authors:
P W Hawkes

Ultramicroscopy 2021 May 24:113323. Epub 2021 May 24.

CEMES-CNRS, B.P. 94347, 31055 Toulouse Cedex (France). Electronic address:

The professional and private lives of Wolfgang Baumeister, Sir Colin Humphreys, John C.H. Spence and Knut Urban are retraced on the occasion of their 80th (Humphreys, Urban) and 75th (Baumeister, Spence) birthdays. Read More

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Quantification of Liver Fat Content with Ultrasound: A WFUMB Position Paper.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department Allgemeine Innere Medizin (DAIM), Kliniken Hirslanden Beau Site, Salem und Permancence, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

New ultrasound methods that can be used to quantitatively assess liver fat content have recently been developed. These quantitative ultrasound (QUS) methods are based on the analysis of radiofrequency echoes detected by the transducer, allowing calculation of parameters for quantifying the fat in the liver. In this position paper, after a section dedicated to the importance of quantifying liver steatosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and another section dedicated to the assessment of liver fat with magnetic resonance, the current clinical studies performed using QUS are summarized. Read More

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[Position paper on endoscopic reporting in IBD].

Z Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Medizinische Klinik 1, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany.

The complete and reliable documentation of endoscopic findings make up the crucial foundation for the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn´s disease and ulcerative colitis. These findings are, on the one hand, a prerequisite for therapeutic decisions and, on the other hand, important as a tool for assessing the response to ongoing treatments. Endoscopic reports should, therefore, be recorded according to standardized criteria to ensure that the findings of different endoscopists can be adequately compared and that changes in the course of the disease can be traced back. Read More

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[Specific Contribution of Psychosocial Cancer Counselling Centers - Perspectives of the Person Seeking Advice and the Referring Professional].

Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 2021 Jul 12. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Institut für Rehabilitationswissenschaften, Rehabilitationssoziologie, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Deutschland.

Aim: The aim of the study is to look at the specific contribution of outpatient cancer counselling centers (OCCC) from the perspective of both the person seeking advice and the referring health care professionals.

Methods: Qualitative design by means of guideline-based face-to-face interviews with cancer patients/relatives and individual telephone interviews with referring health care professionals.

Results: A total of 43 persons seeking advice and 30 referring health care professionals were interviewed. Read More

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[Quality management in the field of gastroenterology - Proposals of the Quality Commission of the German Society of Gastroenterology, Digestive and Metabolic Diseases (DGVS) for Outpatient and Inpatient Quality Assurance].

Z Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 12;59(7):665-676. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gastroenterologie, Verdauungs- und Stoffwechselkrankheiten, Berlin.

The quality of the medical care depends on numerous factors that can often be influenced by the doctor itself. It is a great challenge to follow the constant scientific progress in practice. Scientific standards in gastroenterology are defined in DGVS guidelines and regularly revised. Read More

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[COVID-19 in the Family Practice - Outpatient Treatment or Hospitalization?]

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2021 Jul;110(9):517-524

Universitätsklinik für Infektiologie, Inselspital, Universität Bern, Bern.

COVID-19 in the Family Practice - Outpatient Treatment or Hospitalization? Switzerland has been severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The clinical spectrum of this disease in terms of its clinical presentation and course is very broad. A correct initial evaluation in the practice or in the emergency department is important and includes history-taking and clinical examination as well as imaging and laboratory tests. Read More

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Exploring confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and fluorescence staining as a tool for imaging and quantifying traces of marine microbioerosion and their trace-making microendoliths.

J Microsc 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Senckenberg am Meer, Deutsches Zentrum für Marine Biodiversitätsforschung, Südstrand 44, Wilhelmshaven, Germany.

Microscopic organisms that penetrate calcareous structures by actively dissolving the carbonate matrix, namely microendoliths, have an important influence on the breakdown of marine carbonates. The study of these microorganisms and the bioerosion traces they produce is crucial for understanding the impact of their bioeroding activity on the carbonate recycling in environments under global climate change. Traditionally, either the extracted microendoliths were studied by conventional microscopy or their traces were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of epoxy resin casts. Read More

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[Funnel Chest Corrective Surgery with the Aid of a 3D Reconstruction of the Bony Thorax for Preoperative Adjustment of the Metal Bar].

Zentralbl Chir 2021 Jul 5. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Orthopädie/Unfallchirurgie, Thoraxchirurgie, septisch-rekonstruktive Chirurgie, Bundeswehrkrankenhaus Berlin, Deutschland.

Background: Funnel chest is a congenital deformity of the thorax in which the sternum and the adjacent ribs form a funnel towards the spine. As the pathogenesis has not yet been clearly clarified, there are different therapeutic approaches. These range from conservative measures and minimally invasive surgery to open corrective surgery. Read More

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Russian-German five-year-olds: What omissions in sentence repetition tell us about linguistic knowledge, memory skills and their interrelation.

J Child Lang 2021 Jul 5:1-28. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Leibniz-Zentrum Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Berlin, Germany.

In error analyses using sentence repetition data, most authors focus on word types of omissions. The current study considers serial order in omission patterns independent of functional categories. Data was collected from Russian and German sentence repetition tasks performed by 53 five-year-old bilingual children. Read More

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Ultrasound of the chest and mediastinum in children, interventions and artefacts. WFUMB review paper (part 3).

Med Ultrason 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department Allgemeine Innere Medizin (DAIM), Kliniken Hirslanden Beau Site, Salem und Permanence, Bern, Switzerland, Sino-German Research Center of Ultrasound in Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Ultrasound (US) is an ideal diagnostic tool for paediatric patients owning to its high spatial and temporal resolution, realtime imaging, and lack of ionizing radiation and bedside availability. The lack of superficial adipose tissue and favourable acoustic windows in children makes US the first line of investigation for evaluation of pleural and chest wall abnormalities.In the first part of the topic the technical requirements were explained and the use of ultrasound in the lung and pleura in paediatric patients were discussed. Read More

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STRIPAK, a Key Regulator of Fungal Development, Operates as a Multifunctional Signaling Hub.

J Fungi (Basel) 2021 Jun 1;7(6). Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Allgemeine und Molekulare Botanik, Faculty for Biology and Biotechnology, Ruhr-University, 44780 Bochum, Germany.

The striatin-interacting phosphatases and kinases (STRIPAK) multi subunit complex is a highly conserved signaling complex that controls diverse developmental processes in higher and lower eukaryotes. In this perspective article, we summarize how STRIPAK controls diverse developmental processes in euascomycetes, such as fruiting body formation, cell fusion, sexual and vegetative development, pathogenicity, symbiosis, as well as secondary metabolism. Recent structural investigations revealed information about the assembly and stoichiometry of the complex enabling it to act as a signaling hub. Read More

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[The Neonatal Subgaleal Hematoma - A Neonatal Emergency].

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2021 Jul 1. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Klinik für Allgemeine Kinder- und Jugendmedizin, Sektion Neonatologie/Pädiatrische Intensivmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Freiburg, Freiburg.

Subgaleal hematoma (SGH) is a rare complication in neonates that may lead to hemorrhagic shock due to significant blood loss into the subgaleal space. We report of two neonates who developed subgaleal hematoma with severe hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy. In the first case of a mature female neonate, the development of the subgaleal hematoma was promoted by early-onset sepsis and delivery by vacuum extraction. Read More

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[Present practise patterns of renal replacement therapy in German intensive care medicine].

Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed 2021 Jun 30. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Klinik für Anästhesiologie, Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

About 50% of all critically ill patients develop acute kidney injury (AKI) and approximately 15% receive renal replacement therapy (RRT). Although RRT is frequently used in intensive care units in Germany, it is currently unknown which RRT procedures are available, which qualification the involved staff has, which anticoagulation strategies are used and how RRT doses are prescribed. To investigate quality and structural characteristics of the performance of RRT in intensive care units throughout Germany, the German Interdisciplinary Society of Intensivists (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin [DIVI]) performed an inquiry among their members. Read More

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A new freshwater fabriciid species (Sabellida, Fabriciidae) from the Uruguay River, Argentina, with some remarks on the relationships of Monroika Hartman, 1951, Manayunkia Bourne, 1884 and Brandtika Jones, 1974.

Zootaxa 2021 May 3;4966(2):187201. Epub 2021 May 3.

Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, UNLP, Avenida 122 y 60, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina Instituto de Limnología, Dr. Raúl A. Ringuelet" (CONICET UNLP), CC 712, 1900, La Plata, Argentina..

Between the years 2007 and 2009 a hitherto unknown fabriciid species was found in the Lower Uruguay River, Argentina. Initially, it was assumed that this species could represent Manayunkia speciosa, a freshwater species originally described from North America. However, re-examinations have revealed that these specimens are clearly different from M. Read More

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Conventional ultrasound for diagnosis of hepatic steatosis is better than believed.

Z Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 25. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Medical Ultrasound, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Background: Hepatic steatosis is a condition frequently encountered in clinical practice, with potential progression towards fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Detection and staging of hepatic steatosis are of most importance in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a disease with a high prevalence of more than 1 billion individuals affected. Ultrasound (US) is one of the most used noninvasive imaging techniques used in the diagnosis of hepatic steatosis. Read More

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Where are we now? Emerging opportunities and challenges in the management of secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease.

J Nephrol 2021 Jun 25. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Institut für Nephrologie, Stadtspital Waid und Triemli Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Rising levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) are common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not on dialysis and are associated with an elevated risk of morbidity (including progression to dialysis) and mortality. However, there are several challenges for the clinical management of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in this population. While no recognised target level for PTH currently exists, it is accepted that patients with non-dialysis CKD should receive early and regular monitoring of PTH from CKD stage G3a. Read More

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[Growth modulation through hemiepiphysiodesis : Novel surgical techniques: risks and progress].

Orthopade 2021 Jul 25;50(7):538-547. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Kinderorthopädie, Deformitätenrekonstruktion und Fußchirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Münster, Münster, Deutschland.

The correction of angular deformities of the lower limb is a key task in paediatric orthopaedic surgery. The growth potential of the physis can be employed for the correction of these malalignments in childhood and adolescence. Hemiepiphysiodesis (HED) is a surgical technique used for growth modulation by permanent or temporary asymmetrical arrest of the growth plate. Read More

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[DNVF-Discussion paper - Specificities, Challenges and Aims of Mental Health Service Research in Germany].

Gesundheitswesen 2021 Jul 24;83(7):541-552. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Hochschulklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Hochschule Brandenburg Theodor Fontane, Rüdersdorf bei Berlin, Deutschland.

Research in mental health services in Germany is of increasing relevance. To this end, the recently founded "Mental Health Working Group" as part of the German Network of Health Services Research (DNVF) has written a discussion paper presenting key specifics, challenges, and goals of health service research in the field of mental health. Some research-relevant specifics in the area of mental health care, pragmatic challenges of research organization, ethical problems, and particular research topics in this field are presented and discussed critically. Read More

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[Evidence of radiofrequency denervation].

Authors:
Rudolf Likar

Schmerz 2021 Aug 24;35(4):284. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Klinikum Klagenfurt am Wörthersee, Abteilung für Anästhesiologie, allgemeine Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, interdisziplinäre Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin, Landeskrankenanstalten-Betriebsgesellschaft - KABEG, Feschnigstraße 11, 9020, Klagenfurt am Wörthersee, Österreich.

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The nationality benefit: Long-term memory associations enhance visual working memory for color-shape conjunctions.

Psychon Bull Rev 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Allgemeine und Experimentelle Psychologie, Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Germany.

Visual working memory (VWM) is typically found to be severely limited in capacity, but this limitation may be ameliorated by providing familiar objects that are associated with knowledge stored in long-term memory. However, comparing meaningful and meaningless stimuli usually entails a confound, because different types of objects also tend to vary in terms of their inherent perceptual complexity. The current study therefore aimed to dissociate stimulus complexity from object meaning in VWM. Read More

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[Childhood emergencies-worsening healthcare bottlenecks for children in a systematic long-term analysis of the EMS system in a German metropolis].

Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Klinik für Allgemeine, Unfall und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Notfallaufnahme Innenstadt, Klinikum der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Deutschland.

Background: Children have the right to the best possible medical care. The lack of treatment capacity is rising steadily and increasingly leads to forced centralized allocation of patients by the emergency medical services (EMS) to pediatric emergency departments that are, officially, temporarily "closed".

Aim: The aim of this study is to present trends in allocation of pediatric emergency patients in greater Munich. Read More

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[Development and Implementation of a Nutrition Medicine Strategy to optimize Medical Service for Malnourished Patients at a Tertiary Referral Centre].

Zentralbl Chir 2021 Jun 21;146(3):283-295. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Allgemein-, Viszeral-, Thorax- und Gefäßchirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Bonn, Deutschland.

Background: Malnutrition in hospitalised patients is an important and underestimated problem, with a negative impact on outcome and survival - not only in surgical patients. There is a discrepancy between optimal treatment as defined in relevant guidelines on clinical nutrition and the clinical reality. The Main reason for this discrepancy is the lack of established structures for nutrition medicine as an integral part of clinical routines. Read More

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Age effects on saccadic suppression of luminance and color.

J Vis 2021 Jun;21(6):11

Abteilung Allgemeine Psychologie, Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen, Giessen, Germany.

Saccadic eye movements modulate visual perception: they initiate and terminate high acuity vision at a certain location in space, but before and during their execution visual contrast sensitivity is strongly attenuated for 100 to 200 ms. Transient perisaccadic perceptual distortions are assumed to be an important mechanism to maintain visual stability. Little is known about age effects on saccadic suppression, even though for healthy adults other major age-related changes are well documented, like a decrease of visual contrast sensitivity for intermediate and high spatial frequencies or an increase of saccade latencies. Read More

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Classification of acute appendicitis (CAA): treatment directed new classification based on imaging (ultrasound, computed tomography) and pathology.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Abteilung für Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin Krankenhaus der Barmherzigen Brüder Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

Purpose: Acute appendicitis (AA) is amongst the most common causes of acute abdominal pain. In spite of progress based on risk stratifications, "negative" appendectomies are performed in up to 30% of patients whilst the appendix perforates in others. Preoperative classification of AA based on imaging is therefore recommended. Read More

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Review of biological risks associated with the collection of municipal wastes.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 5;791:148287. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

HSE Science and Research Centre, Harpur Hill, Buxton, Derbyshire SK17 9JN, UK.

In many countries, the management of household waste has recently changed with an increased focus upon waste sorting resulting in lower collection frequency for some waste fractions. A consequence of this is the potential for increased growth of microorganisms in the waste before collection, which can lead to an increased exposure via inhalation for waste collection workers. Through a review of the literature, we aimed to evaluate risks caused by waste collecting workers' exposure to bioaerosols and to illuminate potential measures to reduce the exposure. Read More

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[Laparoscopic versus open partial pancreatoduodenectomy].

Chirurg 2021 Jul 16;92(7):664. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Klinik für Allgemeine, Viszerale und Transplantationschirurgie, Universität Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 420, 69120, Heidelberg, Deutschland.

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PuraStat in gastrointestinal bleeding: results of a prospective multicentre observational pilot study.

Surg Endosc 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Campus Benjamin Franklin, Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Gastroenterologie, Infektiologie und Rheumatologie, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12203, Berlin, Germany.

Background: A recently developed haemostatic peptide gel for endoscopic application has been introduced to improve the management of gastrointestinal bleeding. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, efficacy and indication profiles of PuraStat in a clinical setting.

Methods: In this prospective observational multicentre pilot study, patients with acute non-variceal gastrointestinal bleeding (upper and lower) were included. Read More

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