23,357 results match your criteria Algal Research-Biomass Biofuels and Bioproducts[Journal]

Validation of the paper-disc soil method using soil alga Chlorococcum infusionum to quantitatively determine the toxicity of heavy metals.

Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 2022 May 21:109380. Epub 2022 May 21.

Department of Environmental Health Science, Konkuk University, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The paper-disc soil method is a soil algal bioassay used to assess soil water transfer in polluted soils. Although this ecotoxicological method was first established in 2016 to assess soil pollution, quantitative toxicity assessments of Cu- or Ni-treated soil and in situ or ex situ soils polluted with other heavy metals (HMs) have not been widely conducted. In this study, the paper-disc soil method was validated under different test conditions. Read More

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The humic acid-like substances released from Microcystis aeruginosa contribute to defending against smaller-sized microplastics.

Chemosphere 2022 May 21:135034. Epub 2022 May 21.

Hubei Key Laboratory of Ecological Restoration for River-Lakes and Algal Utilization, School of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Environment, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, 430068, China.

Microplastics (MPs) are ubiquitous in freshwater ecosystems, but knowledge of their effects on extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) produced by algae is poorly understood. The components in specific EPS fractions of Microcystis respond when exposed to MPs is also still unclear. In this study, the responses of Microcystis aeruginosa under polystyrene (PS) microplastic exposure were studied over 17 days of cultivation, using 0. Read More

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Effect of peroxydisulfate oxidation catalyzed with ordered mesoporous carbons on controlling ultrafiltration membrane fouling by algal organic matter.

Chemosphere 2022 May 21:135037. Epub 2022 May 21.

State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, School of Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150090, PR China.

As typical ordered mesoporous carbons (OMCs) materials, CMK-3 and CMK-8 were proposed for catalyzing peroxydisulfate (PDS), and the OMCs/PDS process was combined with membrane filtration to remove algal extracellular organic matter and mitigate membrane fouling. The CMK-3/PDS process achieved substantial reduction of dissolved organic carbon and UV, followed by CMK-8/PDS. The degradation behavior of fluorescent organics demonstrated the superior performance of OMCs/PDS, while the decomposition of high molecular weight (MW) compounds and generation of lower MW organics were observed. Read More

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Interactions of Fungi and Algae from the Greenland Ice Sheet.

Microb Ecol 2022 May 24. Epub 2022 May 24.

Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Heavily pigmented glacier ice algae Ancylonema nordenskiöldii and Ancylonema alaskanum (Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta) reduce the bare ice albedo of the Greenland Ice Sheet, amplifying melt from the largest cryospheric contributor to eustatic sea-level rise. Little information is available about glacier ice algae interactions with other microbial communities within the surface ice environment, including fungi, which may be important for sustaining algal bloom development. To address this substantial knowledge gap and investigate the nature of algal-fungal interactions, an ex situ co-cultivation experiment with two species of fungi, recently isolated from the surface of the Greenland Ice Sheet (here proposed new species Penicillium anthracinoglaciei Perini, Frisvad and Zalar, Mycobank (MB 835602), and Articulospora sp. Read More

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Toxic effects of fludioxonil on the growth, photosynthetic activity, oxidative stress, cell morphology, apoptosis, and metabolism of Chlorella vulgaris.

Sci Total Environ 2022 May 20:156069. Epub 2022 May 20.

College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an 271018, PR China. Electronic address:

Fludioxonil is widely used in the control of crop diseases because of its broad spectrum and high activity, but its presence is now common in waterways proximate to treated areas. This study examined the toxic effects and mechanisms of fludioxonil on the microalgal taxa Chlorella vulgaris. The results showed that fludioxonil limited the growth of C. Read More

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A comparative study on simultaneous recovery of phosphorus and alginate-like exopolymers from bacterial and algal-bacterial aerobic granular sludges: Effects of organic loading rate.

Bioresour Technol 2022 May 20:127343. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan; Department of Mechanical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon Tang, Hong Kong.

The effects of organic loading rate (OLR) on simultaneous phosphorus (P) and alginate-like exopolymers (ALE) recovery from bacterial aerobic granular sludge (AGS) and algal-bacterial AGS were examined and compared during 70 days' operation. With the increase of OLR (0.6 - 1. Read More

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RWP-RK domain-containing transcription factors in the Viridiplantae: their biology and phylogenetic relationships.

J Exp Bot 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Plant Functional Biotechnology, Agro-Biotechnology Research Center, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

The RWP-RK protein family is a group of transcription factors containing the RWP-RK DNA-binding domain. The RWP-RK DNA-binding domain is an ancient motif that emerged before the establishment of the Viridiplantae (green plants), which consist of green algae and land plants. This domain is mostly absent in other kingdoms but widely distributed in Viridiplantae. Read More

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Microbiological and chemical characteristics of beaches along the Taranto Gulf (Ionian Sea, Southern Italy).

Environ Monit Assess 2022 May 23;194(6):448. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Biomedical Science and Human Oncology, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Piazza G. Cesare 11, 70124, Bari, Italy.

Coastal habitats provide important ecosystem services, such as the maintenance of ecological sustainability, water quality regulation, nutrient recycling, and sandy beaches which are important areas for recreation and tourism. The quality of seawater is generally measured by determining the concentrations of Escherichia coli and intestinal Enterococci, which might be affected by the persistent populations of these bacteria in sand. Sand might thus be a significant source of pathogen exposure to beachgoers. Read More

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Oxidative stress of Microcystis aeruginosa induced by algicidal bacterium Stenotrophomonas sp. KT48.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, China.

Cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms are a worldwide problem with substantial adverse effects on the aquatic environment as well as human health. Among the multiple physicochemical and biotic approaches, algicidal bacterium is one of the most promising and eco-friendly ways to control bloom expansion. In this study, Stenotrophomonas sp. Read More

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Growing Degree-Day Measurement of Cyst Germination Rates in the Toxic Dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2022 May 23:e0251821. Epub 2022 May 23.

Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA.

Blooms of many dinoflagellates, including several harmful algal bloom (HAB) species, are seeded and revived through the germination of benthic resting cysts. Temperature is a key determinant of cysts' germination rate, and temperature-germination rate relationships are therefore fundamental to understanding species' germling cell production, cyst bed persistence, and resilience to climate warming. This study measured germination by cysts of the HAB dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella using a growing degree-day () approach that accounts for the time and intensity of warming above a critical temperature. Read More

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Transcriptomic and Metabolomic Response to High Light in the Charophyte Alga .

Front Plant Sci 2022 6;13:855243. Epub 2022 May 6.

Microalgae Systems Biology and Biotechnology Research Group, Institute for Plant Biochemistry and Photosynthesis, Universidad de Sevilla - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Seville, Spain.

The characterization of the molecular mechanisms, such as high light irradiance resistance, that allowed plant terrestralization is a cornerstone in evolutionary studies since the conquest of land by plants played a pivotal role in life evolution on Earth. Viridiplantae or the green lineage is divided into two clades, Chlorophyta and Streptophyta, that in turn splits into Embryophyta or land plants and Charophyta. Charophyta are used in evolutionary studies on plant terrestralization since they are generally accepted as the extant algal species most closely related to current land plants. Read More

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Programmed cell death process in freshwater Microcystis aeruginosa and marine Phaeocystis globosa induced by a plant derived allelochemical.

Sci Total Environ 2022 May 19:156055. Epub 2022 May 19.

Zhejiang University, Ocean College, 1 Zheda Road, Zhoushan, Zhejiang 316000, China; Key Laboratory of Watershed Non-point Source Pollution Control and Water Eco-security of Ministry of Water Resources, College of Environmental and Resources Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address:

Harmful algal blooms (HAB) are a serious problem worldwide. Allelochemicals from natural plants were recently thought to be promising anti-algaecide in controlling harmful algae. However, the programmed cell death (PCD) process of algae under allelopathic pressure induced by 5,4'-dihydroxyflavone (5,4'-DHF) was poorly understood. Read More

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Algal bloom forecasting with time-frequency analysis: A hybrid deep learning approach.

Water Res 2022 May 14;219:118591. Epub 2022 May 14.

Ocean College, Zhejiang University, #1 Zheda Road, Zhoushan, Zhejiang 316021, China; Key Laboratory of Watershed Non-point Source Pollution Control and Water Eco-security of Ministry of Water Resources, College of Environmental and Resources Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, China. Electronic address:

The rapid emergence of deep learning long-short-term-memory (LSTM) technique presents a promising solution to algal bloom forecasting. However, the discontinuous and non-stationary processes within algal dynamics still largely limit the functions of LSTMs. To overcome this challenge, an advanced time-frequency wavelet analysis (WA) technique was introduced to enhance the prediction accuracy of LSTMs. Read More

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Dominance of evaporation on lacustrine groundwater discharge to regulate lake nutrient state and algal blooms.

Water Res 2022 May 16;219:118620. Epub 2022 May 16.

The University of Hong Kong, Zhejiang Institution of Research and Innovation (ZIRI), Hangzhou, China; The University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen Institution of Research and Innovation (SIRI), Shenzhen, China.

As global threats to freshwater lakes, eutrophication and harmful algal blooms (HABs) are governed by various biogeochemical, climatological and anthropogenic processes. Groundwater is key to join these processes in regulating HABs, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we leveraged basin-wide field data of Lake Taihu (China's largest eutrophic lake) and global archives, and demonstrate the dominance of evaporation on lacustrine groundwater discharge (LGD) in shallow lakes. Read More

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Effects of modified clay on the formation of Phaeocystis globosa colony revealed by physiological and transcriptomic analyses.

Sci Total Environ 2022 May 18:155985. Epub 2022 May 18.

CAS Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China; Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266237, China; Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China.

The harmful algal bloom (HAB) species Phaeocystis globosa is commonly observed in global temperate and tropical oceans, and colonies of P. globosa exhibit a dominant morphotype during blooms. The use of polyaluminium chloride modified clay (PAC-MC) is an effective mitigation strategy for P. Read More

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Comparison of the formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) from algae organic matter by chlor(am)ination and UV irradiation.

Sci Total Environ 2022 May 18:156078. Epub 2022 May 18.

Xiamen Key Laboratory of Municipal and Industrial Solid Waste Utilization and Pollution Control, College of Civil Engineering, Huaqiao University, Xiamen, Fujian 361021, PR China; Key Laboratory of Songliao Aquatic Environment, Ministry of Education, Jilin Jianzhu University, Changchun 130118, PR China. Electronic address:

Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa, blue-green algae) blooms frequently in drinking water reservoirs and subsequently causes the formation of disinfection by-products (DBPs) after disinfection, which may pose a potential health risk. In this study, the formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) was evaluated from algal organic matter (AOM) including extracellular organic matter (EOM) and intracellular organic matter (IOM) during the disinfection process of chlorination, chloramination, or ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. Read More

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The in-situ release of algal bloom populations and the role of prokaryotic communities in their establishment and growth.

Water Res 2022 May 12;219:118565. Epub 2022 May 12.

Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-Resources and Ecology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China; Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou), China. Electronic address:

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) may quickly travel and inoculate new water bodies via currents and runoff in estuaries. The role of in-situ prokaryotic communities in the re-establishment and growth of inoculated algal blooms remains unknown. A novel on-board incubation experiment was employed to simulate the sudden surge of algal blooms to new estuarine waters and reveal possible outcomes. Read More

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Efficient photocatalytic inactivation of Microcystis aeruginosa by a novel Z-scheme heterojunction tubular photocatalyst under visible light irradiation.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2022 May 2;623:445-455. Epub 2022 May 2.

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control, Hunan University, Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, China. Electronic address:

The design of a photocatalyst for efficient algal inactivation under visible light is essential for the application of photocatalysis to the control of harmful algal blooms. In this study, a novel Z-scheme heterojunction tubular photocatalyst, [email protected], was synthesized by chemically depositing silver oxide compounded with P-doped hollow tubular graphitic carbon nitride for the photocatalytic inactivation of Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa). Read More

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Copper chloride (II) effect on the composition and structure of marine microphytobenthic communities.

Environ Monit Assess 2022 May 21;194(6):443. Epub 2022 May 21.

Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdańsk, Al. M. Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378, Gdynia, Poland.

To assess the temporary effects of the increased copper ion inflow on estuarine microphytobenthic communities, ecotoxicological tests were conducted using natural microphytobenthic assemblages obtained from an artificial substratum exposed to the waters of the southern Baltic Sea (Gulf of Gdańsk). The applied copper ion concentrations reflected permitted copper values established for waters of a good ecological status (2·10 g Cu·dm), and the maximum copper concentrations which, according to the current environmental regulations, are allowed to be discharged into the environment (2·10 g Cu·dm).In the studied communities, diverse responses of single species to CuCl exposure were recorded, including both growth inhibition and stimulatory effects as well. Read More

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Oxidative stress facilitates infection of the unicellular alga Haematococcus pluvialis by the fungus Paraphysoderma sedebokerense.

Biotechnol Biofuels Bioprod 2022 May 20;15(1):56. Epub 2022 May 20.

Center for Microalgal Biotechnology and Biofuels, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430072, China.

Background: The green microalga Haematococcus pluvialis is used as a cell factory for producing astaxanthin, the high-value carotenoid with multiple biological functions. However, H. pluvialis is prone to the infection by a parasitic fungus Paraphysoderma sedebokerense, which is the most devastating threat to the mass culture of H. Read More

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A mechanistic study of the influence of nitrogen and energy availability on the NH4+ sensitivity of nitrogen assimilation in Synechococcus.

J Exp Bot 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

STU-UNIVPM Joint Algal Research Center, Marine Biology Institute, Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong 515063, China.

In most algae, NO3- assimilation is tightly controlled and is often inhibited by the presence of NH4+. In the marine, non-colonial, non-diazotrophic cyanobacterium Synechococcus UTEX 2380, NO3- assimilation is sensitive to NH4+ only when N does not limit growth. We sequenced the genome of Synechococcus UTEX 2380, studied the genetic organization of the Nitrogen Assimilation Related (NAR) genes, and investigated expression and kinetics of the main NAR enzymes, under N or light limitation. Read More

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Enhancing harvest of biodiesel-promising microalgae using Daphnia domesticated by amino acids.

Environ Res 2022 May 17;212(Pt D):113465. Epub 2022 May 17.

School of Civil, Mining and Environmental Engineering, University of Wollongong, NSW, 2522, Wollongong, Australia.

Mass production of microalgal biodiesel is hindered by microalgae harvesting efficiency and costs. In this study, Daphnia domesticated by amino acids were used to harvest microalgae via ingesting. The main factors (density of Daphnia, salinity, pH, light-environment, temperature and algal concentration) that were conducive to Daphnia feeding were optimized. Read More

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Exploring the onset of B -based mutualisms using a recently evolved Chlamydomonas auxotroph and B -producing bacteria.

Environ Microbiol 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EA, UK.

Cobalamin (vitamin B ) is a cofactor for essential metabolic reactions in multiple eukaryotic taxa, including major primary producers such as algae, and yet only prokaryotes can produce it. Many bacteria can colonize the algal phycosphere, forming stable communities that gain preferential access to photosynthate and in return provide compounds such as B . Extended coexistence can then drive gene loss, leading to greater algal-bacterial interdependence. Read More

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Editorial: Metabolic Regulation of Diatoms and Other Chromalveolates.

Front Plant Sci 2022 3;13:897639. Epub 2022 May 3.

Metabolism, Molecular Engineering of Microalgae and Applications, Laboratory Biologie des Organismes, Stress, Santé Environnement, IUML - FR 3473 CNRS, Le Mans University, Le Mans, France.

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Harmful Microalgae Detection: Biosensors versus Some Conventional Methods.

Sensors (Basel) 2022 Apr 20;22(9). Epub 2022 Apr 20.

School of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

In the last decade, there has been a steady stream of information on the methods and techniques available for detecting harmful algae species. The conventional approaches to identify harmful algal bloom (HAB), such as microscopy and molecular biological methods are mainly laboratory-based and require long assay times, skilled manpower, and pre-enrichment of samples involving various pre-experimental preparations. As an alternative, biosensors with a simple and rapid detection strategy could be an improvement over conventional methods for the detection of toxic algae species. Read More

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Consuming fresh macroalgae induces specific catabolic pathways, stress reactions and Type IX secretion in marine flavobacterial pioneer degraders.

ISME J 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Integrative Biology of Marine Models (LBI2M), Station Biologique de Roscoff (SBR), 29680, Roscoff, France.

Macroalgae represent huge amounts of biomass worldwide, largely recycled by marine heterotrophic bacteria. We investigated the strategies of bacteria within the flavobacterial genus Zobellia to initiate the degradation of whole algal tissues, which has received little attention compared to the degradation of isolated polysaccharides. Zobellia galactanivorans Dsij has the capacity to use fresh brown macroalgae as a sole carbon source and extensively degrades algal tissues via the secretion of extracellular enzymes, even in the absence of physical contact with the algae. Read More

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Current Progress of Mitochondrial Genome Editing by CRISPR.

Front Physiol 2022 2;13:883459. Epub 2022 May 2.

Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Marine Algal Biotechnology, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory for Plant Epigenetics, Shenzhen Engineering Laboratory for Marine Algal Biotechnology, Longhua Innovation Institute for Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Oceanography, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China.

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A new species of anthothelid octocoral (Cnidaria, Alcyonacea) discovered on an algal reef of Taiwan.

Zookeys 2022 16;1089:37-51. Epub 2022 Mar 16.

Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan National Taiwan University Taipei Taiwan.

A molecular phylogenetic analysis of 132 octocoral species reveals a close relationship between specimens collected from the intertidal pools of the Datan Algal Reef, Taoyuan, Taiwan, and (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860), but the two species have distinct morphological features. On the basis of morphological differences in polyps and sclerites, we identify and describe a new species: The distinct identifying features of include the upright contractile polyps from thin encrusting membranes and abundant 6-radiate sclerites. Using an integrative approach, we present the findings of morphological comparisons and molecular phylogenetic analyses to demonstrate that is distinct from other species. Read More

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 sp. nov. (Thoreales, Rhodophyta) and , a new record from China.

PhytoKeys 2022 1;193:107-123. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

School of Life Science, Shanxi Key Laboratory for Research and Development of Regional Plants,Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China Shanxi University Taiyuan China.

The freshwater red algal order Thoreales has a triphasic life history, of which the "Chantransia" phase is a small filamentous sporophyte. The "Chantransia" stage is difficult to distinguish from species in the genus by its morphological characteristics. In this study, five "Chantransia" isolates (GX41, GX81, GD224, GD225, GD228) were collected from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Guangdong Province in China. Read More

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Performance of gravity-driven membrane systems for algal water treatment: Effects of temperature and membrane properties.

Sci Total Environ 2022 May 15:155963. Epub 2022 May 15.

Key Lab of Smart Prevention and Mitigation of Civil Engineering Disasters of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, China.

Gravity-driven membrane (GDM) systems are promising for algal water treatment. However, the algae-bacteria interaction in the biofilm on the membrane, which is highly dependent on temperature and membrane properties, is still unclear. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of temperature on the performance of GDM systems during the filtration of algae-rich water for 50 days using two types of membranes. Read More

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