924,475 results match your criteria Alcohol research : current reviews[Journal]


A Different Kind of Relapse: Ethanol as an Additive in Chemotherapy Formulations.

Oncol Res Treat 2019 Apr 17:1-4. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University Cancer Center Leipzig (UCCL), University Hospital Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Some chemotherapy formulations contain ethanol as a solvent which can become relevant for medical and nonmedical reasons. Only a few studies have tried to quantify the effects of ethanol in chemotherapy preparations. Furthermore, the alcohol amount highly depends on the specific formulation, with some variation among different manufacturers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497216DOI Listing

Cytotoxic effect of aqueous ethanolic extract of Luffa cylindrica leaves on cancer stem cells CD44/24 in breast cancer patients with various molecular sub-types using tissue samples in vitro.

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 Apr 14:111877. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Medical Research Department, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Egypt. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Luffa cylindrica (L.) M.Roem is a climbing plant its parts have been used as traditional medicine for the treatment of different types of diseases including diarrhea, inflammation, cancer and viral infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2019.111877DOI Listing

Anti-diabetic activity of PUFAs-rich extracts of Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Spirulina platensis in rats.

Food Chem Toxicol 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

College of Food Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, 350002, China; Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Quality Control in Chinese Medicine, University of Macau, Macau SAR, China. Electronic address:

The contributions to hypoglycemic function and gut microbiota regulation by water and ethanol extracts of the microalgae Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Spirulina platensis were determined. An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis indicated that most of the compounds in the 55% ethanol extracts of C. pyrenoidosa (CP55) and S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2019.04.017DOI Listing

What do cost-effective health behaviour-change interventions contain? A comparison of six domains.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0213983. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Objectives: To help implement behaviour change interventions (BCIs) in practice it is important to be able to characterize their key components. This study compared broad features of cost-effective BCIs that addressed smoking, diet, physical activity, alcohol and sexual health. It also assessed the association of these with the magnitude of the cost-effectiveness estimates. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213983PLOS
April 2019
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Clinical and Ethical Challenges in Undertaking LIMPRINT in Vulnerable Populations.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):155-162

9 College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University and ACH Group, Adelaide, South Australia.

To estimate the prevalence of chronic edema (CO) and wounds within two vulnerable populations, a male high security prison in the East Midlands (United Kingdom) and residential and nursing homes in the United Kingdom and Australia. Methods for screening for CO and wounds were adapted from the main LIMPRINT methodology. In total, 195 inmates were recruited with 22 (11%) having CO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0083DOI Listing

Metal-Free Aerobic Oxidative Selective C-C Bond Cleavage in Heteroaryl-Containing Primary and Secondary Alcohols.

Org Lett 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital , Sichuan University , Chengdu , Sichuan 610041 , China.

A transition-metal-free aerobic oxidative selective C-C bond-cleavage reaction in primary and secondary heteroaryl alcohols is reported. This reaction was highly efficient and tolerated various heteroaryl alcohols, generating a carboxylic acid derivative and a neutral heteroaromatic compound. Experimental studies combined with density functional theory calculations revealed the mechanism underlying the selective C-C bond cleavage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.orglett.9b00563DOI Listing

Enzymatic reactions involving ketyls: From a chemical curiosity to a general biochemical mechanism.

Authors:
Wolfgang Buckel

Biochemistry 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Ketyls are radical anions with nucleophilic properties. Ketyls obtained by enzymatic one-electron reduction of thioesters were proposed as intermediates for the dehydration of ( R)-2-hydroxyacyl-CoA to ( E)-2-enoyl-CoA. This concept was extended to the Birch-like reduction of benzoyl-CoA to 1,5-cyclohexadienecarboxyl-CoA. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.biochem.9b00171
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.9b00171DOI Listing
April 2019
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Aboriginal mothers in prison in Australia: a study of social, emotional and physical wellbeing.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, New South Wales.

Objective: To describe the social, emotional and physical wellbeing of Aboriginal mothers in prison.

Methods: Cross-sectional survey, including a Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (5-item version) administered to Aboriginal women who self-identified as mothers.

Results: Seventy-seven Aboriginal mothers in New South Wales (NSW) and 84 in Western Australia (WA) participated in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12892DOI Listing

Examining Australia's heaviest drinkers.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, La Trobe University, Victoria.

Objective: This study examined the distribution of alcohol consumption in Australia, identifying the heaviest drinking 10% of the population and examining their sociodemographic characteristics and their alcohol consumption and purchasing practices.

Methods: Data came from the 2016 National Drug Strategy Household Survey and the 2013 International Alcohol Control Study. The heaviest drinking 10% of the population identified based on estimates of annual alcohol consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12901DOI Listing
April 2019
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Extraction and Identification of Anthocyanins in Corn Cob and Corn Husk from Cacahuacintle Maize.

J Food Sci 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Dept. of Food and Biotechnology, Facultad de Química, Univ. Nacional Autónoma de México., C.P, 04510, Mexico City, Mexico.

Pigmented maize has been extensively studied due to its high anthocyanin content. This study has been focused mainly on kernel, although the whole plant of purple corn is a potential source of anthocyanins. First, general parameters of extraction (solvent system, solvent-to-solid ratio, number of extractions, and acid type) were established depending on the total anthocyanins content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.14589DOI Listing

The genetic relationship between alcohol consumption and aspects of problem drinking in an ascertained sample.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have begun to identify loci related to alcohol consumption, but little is known about whether this genetic propensity overlaps with specific indices of problem drinking in ascertained samples.

Methods: In 6,731 European-Americans who had been exposed to alcohol, we examined whether polygenic risk scores (PRS) from a GWAS of weekly alcohol consumption in the UK Biobank predicted variance in 6 alcohol-related phenotypes: alcohol use, maximum drinks within 24 hours (MAXD), total score on the self-rating of effects of ethanol questionnaire (SRE-T), DSM-IV alcohol dependence (DSM4AD), DSM-5 alcohol use disorder symptom counts (DSM5AUDSX), and reduction/cessation of problematic drinking. We also examined the extent to which an SNP (rs1229984) in ADH1B, which is strongly associated with both alcohol consumption and dependence, contributed to the polygenic association with these phenotypes and whether PRS interacted with sex, age, or family history of alcoholism to predict alcohol-related outcomes. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/acer.14064
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acer.14064DOI Listing
April 2019
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Association of Rare Copy Number Variants With Risk of Depression.

JAMA Psychiatry 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, Division of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom.

Importance: The role of large, rare copy number variants (CNVs) in neuropsychiatric disorders is well established, but their association with common psychiatric disorders, such as depression, remains unclear.

Objective: To examine the association of a group of 53 CNVs associated with neurodevelopmental disorders and burden of rare CNVs with risk of depression.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This case-control study used data from the UK Biobank study sample, which comprised 502 534 individuals living in the United Kingdom. Read More

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http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.0566DOI Listing
April 2019
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Contributions of parenting styles and parental drunkenness to adolescent drinking.

Braz J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Núcleo de Pesquisa em Saúde e Uso de Substâncias (NEPSIS), Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To estimate the association of parental drunkenness and parenting style with alcohol consumption among adolescents and the contributions of parental drunkenness and parenting style to the prevalence of binge drinking among adolescents.

Method: Cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of secondary students aged 13 to 18 from 27 Brazilian state capitals (n=17,028). Private and public schools were included. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0041DOI Listing
April 2019
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Different susceptibilities of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus larvae to plant-derived products.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2019 Apr 11;52:e20180197. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Mestrado Acadêmico em Sociobiodiversidade e Tecnologias Sustentáveis, Universidade da Integração Internacional da Lusofonia Afro-Brasileira, Redenção, CE, Brasil.

Introduction: Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are important vectors that transmit arboviruses to human populations.

Methods: Natural products were obtained and tested against larvae collected from the field in Fortaleza, capital of Ceará state.

Results: The essential oils of Syzygium aromaticum (Ae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0197-2018DOI Listing

A critical literature review on emotional intelligence in addiction.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2019 Jan-Mar;41(1):87-93. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Departamento de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been defined as the ability to perceive, understand, use and manage emotions. Studying EI could potentially be useful in understanding addictive behaviors as well as for designing and planning interventions.

Objectives: To conduct a critical review on EI impairment in addiction disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2018-0002DOI Listing

Daily life of women with alcoholic companions and the provided care.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2019 8;91(1):e20180008. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem Psiquiátrica, Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo/EERP-USP, Rua Prof. Hélio Lourenço, 3900, Vila Monte Alegre, 14040-902 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

The study aimed to know the daily life of women with alcoholic companions and the provided care. This is a comprehensive-interpretative, qualitative study, guided by the thematic Oral History method. Data collection occurred by semistructured interview. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180008DOI Listing

Do drinking problems in the past affect current consumption?

Cad Saude Publica 2019 8;35(4):e00025618. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Centre for Business and Economics Research, Coimbra, Portugal.

Harmful use of alcohol ranks among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death worldwide. However, not all individuals who consume alcohol throughout life are addicted and our premise is that addiction implies a chain of consumption that produces harmful effects. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether self-assessed past drinking problems - our measure of harmful alcohol consumption - affect the current alcohol consumption patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00025618DOI Listing

Preferential synthesis of ethanol from syngas via dimethyl oxalate hydrogenation over an integrated catalyst.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of Ministry of Education, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China.

An integrated catalyst that contains Fe5C2 and CuZnO-SiO2 with a dual-bed configuration was designed for the preferential synthesis of ethanol via dimethyl oxalate hydrogenation. The cooperation of the two catalyst components remarkably inhibited the formation of various byproducts, resulting in a significantly high ethanol yield of about 98%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9cc02372kDOI Listing

Graphene oxide catalyzed ketone α-alkylation with alkenes: enhancement of graphene oxide activity by hydrogen bonding.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering and Key Laboratory of Auxiliary Chemistry and Technology for Chemical Industry, Ministry of Education, Shaanxi University of Science and Technology, Xi'an 710021, China and Department of Chemistry, Rutgers University, 73 Warren Street, Newark, NJ 07102, USA.

Direct α-alkylation of carbonyl compounds represents a fundamental bond forming transformation in organic synthesis. We report the first ketone-alkylation using olefins and alcohols as simple alkylating agents catalyzed by graphene oxide. Extensive studies of the graphene surface suggest a pathway involving dual activation of both coupling partners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9cc02578bDOI Listing

Stable gold graphitic nanocapsule doped hydrogels for efficient photothermal antibacterial applications.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Molecular Science and Biomedicine Laboratory (MBL), State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Bio-Sensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Aptamer Engineering Center of Hunan Province, Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan 410082, China.

Herein, we have fabricated gold nanorod graphitic nanocapsule (AuNR@G) doped poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/chitosan (CS) hydrogels, which possessed highly efficient and stable photothermal antibacterial properties for both Gram-negative E. coli and Gram-positive S. aureus under the irradiation of a near-infrared laser. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9cc01933bDOI Listing

Acceptorless dehydrogenative construction of C[double bond, length as m-dash]N and C[double bond, length as m-dash]C bonds through catalytic aza-Wittig and Wittig reactions in the presence of an air-stable ruthenium pincer complex.

Dalton Trans 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam 781039, India.

The construction of C[double bond, length as m-dash]N bonds was achieved by the dehydrogenative coupling of alcohol and azide via aza-Wittig type reaction. The reaction is catalyzed by an acridine-derived ruthenium pincer complex and does not use any oxidant. The present protocol offers a wide substrate scope, including aliphatic, aryl or heteroaryl alcohol/azides. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8dt04725aDOI Listing

Mechanistic study of the reaction of CHF with Cl atoms in the absence and presence of CH or CH: decomposition of CHFOH and fate of the CHFO radical.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia.

To assess the atmospheric fate of fluorinated compounds, chamber experiments were performed with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy investigating the products of difluoromethane, CH2F2, at 296 ± 2 K. The reactions were initiated by reaction of CH2F2 with Cl atoms in the absence and presence of CH4 or C2H6 in air or O2. No evidence of formation of the fluorinated alcohol, CHF2OH, from the reactions of the CHF2O2 radical with either CH3O2 or CH3CH2O2 was observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8cp06425cDOI Listing

Detection by flow cytometry of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies in a novel approach based on neutrophil extracellular traps.

Autoimmunity 2018 Sep;51(6):288-296

a Department of Internal Medicine 1 - Gastroenterology, Pneumology and Endocrinology , Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Universitätsklinikum Erlangen , Erlangen , Germany.

Background: Anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) are auto-antibodies directed against components of neutrophil granulocytes and may be found in various inflammatory conditions, like small-vessel vasculitis or ulcerative colitis (UC). Routine ANCA screening is performed on ethanol-fixed neutrophils using indirect immunofluorescence technique. Yet, how neutrophil granule proteins become available to immunologic presentation is a matter of debate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08916934.2018.1527317DOI Listing
September 2018

Antimicrobial Effects and Mechanisms of Ethanol Extracts of Seeds Against and Methicillin-Resistant .

Foodborne Pathog Dis 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

4 Department of Food Science, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan.

seeds contain many bioactive compounds commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine. In this study, the antibacterial activity and possible mechanism of seed ethanol extract (PCEE) against foodborne pathogens were investigated. Both methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and had similar minimum inhibitory concentrations and minimum bactericidal concentrations of PCEE at 50 and 100 μg/mL, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2018.2595DOI Listing

Lead-free Cs3Bi2Br9 Perovskite as Photocatalyst for Ring-Opening Reactions of Epoxides.

ChemSusChem 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Heterogeneous Catalysis, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz 1, 45470, Mülheim an der Ruhr, GERMANY.

Herein, we present an innovative approach using stable, lead-free halide perovskite for solar-driven organic synthesis. The ring opening reaction of epoxides has been chosen as model systems for synthesis of value-added β-alkoxy alcohols, which require energy intensive process conditions and corrosive strong acids for conventional synthesis. The developed concept includes the in-situ preparation of Cs3Bi2Br9 and its simultaneous application as photocatalyst for epoxides alcoholysis under visible light irradiation in air at 293 K, with exceptional high activity and selectivity ≥ 86% for β-alkoxy alcohols and thia-compounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201900716DOI Listing

Changes of volatile organic compounds and bioactivity of Alternaria brassicae GL07 in different ages.

J Basic Microbiol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

College of life Science, Shihezi University, Shihezi, PR China.

Plant endophytes are rich in secondary metabolites and are widely used in medicine, chemical, food, agriculture and other fields. Here, an endophytic fungus isolated from Ginkgo biloba L. leaves and identified as Alternaria brassicae GL07 through genotypic characterizations, it can produce the fruity scented volatiles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jobm.201800729DOI Listing

Higher amounts of Sedentary Time are Associated with Short Sleep Duration and Poor Sleep Quality in Postmenopausal Women.

Sleep 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO.

Study Objectives: To evaluate the associations between sedentary time, total (total-PA), light (light-PA), moderate (MOD-PA), and vigorous (VIG-PA) physical activity with indices of sleep in postmenopausal women.

Methods: Baseline self-reported data from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (n=75,074) were used in this cross-sectional analysis. Total-PA, light-PA, MOD-PA, and VIG-PA were categorized by metabolic equivalents of the activity [MET-hour (hr)/week (wk)] and were estimated using validated questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsz093DOI Listing

The effect of co-adsorbed solvent molecules on H binding to metal alkoxides.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.

The introduction of metal alkoxides has been proposed as an attractive option to enhance hydrogen binding energies in porous materials such as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for room-temperature hydrogen storage applications. The presence of residual solvent molecules from MOF synthesis can, however, affect the performance of these functional groups. We perform quantum chemical calculations to predict solvent binding energies onto the metal-alkoxides and the temperatures required to drive off the solvent molecules and successfully activate porous materials with these moieties. Read More

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http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=C9CP00754G
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9cp00754gDOI Listing
April 2019
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Metal-Free Site-Specific Hydroxyalkylation of Imidazo[1,2- a]pyridines with Alcohols through Radical Reaction.

Org Lett 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

College of Chemistry , Nanchang University , Nanchang 330031 , P.R. China.

An effective approach to realize the direct hydroxyalkylation of imidazo[1,2- a]pyridines with alcohols promoted by di- tert-butyl peroxide was described without any metal catalyst. It is the first time that the dehydrogenative C(sp)-C(sp) coupling of imidazo[1,2- a]pyridines with alcohols occurred regioselectively at the C-5 position of imidazo[1,2- a]pyridines. Multisubstituted imidazopyridine derivatives were smoothly synthesized in moderate to good yields. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.orglett.9b01212DOI Listing

Regioselective trans-Carboboration of Propargyl Alcohols.

Org Lett 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung , 45470 Mülheim/Ruhr , Germany.

Proper choice of the base allowed trans-diboration of propargyl alcohols with B(pin) to evolve into an exquisitely regioselective procedure for net trans-carboboration. The method is modular as to the newly introduced carbon substituent (aryl, methyl, allyl, benzyl, alkynyl), which is invariably placed distal to the -OH group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.orglett.9b01225DOI Listing

Initiation Sequence of E-Cigarette and Cigarette Smoking among US Adolescents: A National Study.

Am J Addict 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Center for the Study of Drugs, Alcohol, Smoking, and Health, Department of Health Behavior and Biological Sciences, School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Background And Objectives: The primary objectives were to: (1) examine the initiation sequence of e-cigarette use and cigarette smoking; (2) assess other substance use as a function of the initiation sequence of e-cigarettes and cigarettes; and (3) investigate the role of early e-cigarette initiation among US secondary school students.

Methods: Data were collected via self-administered questionnaires from independent 2015 and 2016 nationally representative cross-sectional samples of 8th grade, 10th grade, and 12th grade students (N = 36 410).

Results: The lifetime initiation sequence included: (1) e-cigarette use before cigarette smoking (1. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ajad.12886
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajad.12886DOI Listing
April 2019
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Bruxism: an umbrella review of systematic reviews.

J Oral Rehabil 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Brazilian Centre for Evidence-Based Research, Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Objectives: To synthesize available knowledge about both sleep (SB) and awake bruxism (AB) as depicted by previous published systematic reviews (SR).

Methods: SR investigating any bruxism-related outcome were selected in a two-phase process. Searches were performed on seven main electronic databases and a partial grey literature search on three databases. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/joor.12801
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12801DOI Listing
April 2019
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Adherence to multiple health behaviours in cancer survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Cancer Surviv 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Newcastle, NSW, 2308, Australia.

Purpose: Multiple health behaviours (not smoking, minimal alcohol consumption, and maintaining a healthy weight by having a healthy diet and regular physical activity) improve quality of life and longevity of cancer survivors. Despite international guidelines, there are no existing reviews that synthesise cancer survivors' adherence to healthy lifestyle recommendations.

Method: Five databases (Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) were searched for relevant articles published from 2007 until January 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11764-019-00754-0DOI Listing

Young Thai People's Exposure to Alcohol Portrayals in Society and the Media: A Qualitative Study for Policy Implications.

Int J Behav Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Family Health, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Background: Although previous quantitative studies have documented the association between exposure to alcohol portrayals and drinking attitudes in Western countries, few qualitative studies have explored this matter in Thailand. A better understanding of the association in young Thais is required for a more efficient alcohol policy development. This study aims to explore the information young Thais have learnt from exposure to alcohol portrayals in society and the media, examine how this exposure shapes their drinking attitudes, and investigate the alignment of policy-makers' views on drinking with those of young people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12529-019-09785-4DOI Listing

Reciprocal Effects of Alcohol Use and Violence Perpetration Among Early Adolescents in Mexico: A Gendered Analysis.

J Youth Adolesc 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Global Center for Applied Health Research, Arizona State University, 411 N. Central Ave., Suite 720, Phoenix, AZ, 85004, USA.

Although substance use and violent behaviors often emerge together in adolescence, and both have similar widely cited causes and negative consequences for development, it remains unclear whether and how they may be linked causally. This study of early adolescents in Mexico's three largest cities tested whether alcohol use and violence perpetration are temporally related, whether their relationship is unidirectional or reciprocal, and whether the relationship differs by gender and the type of violence. The study employed longitudinal data from seventh grade students (N = 4830; M age = 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01014-1DOI Listing

Complete Genome Sequence of Paenibacillus sp. CAA11: A Promising Microbial Host for Lignocellulosic Biorefinery with Consolidated Processing.

Curr Microbiol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Clean Energy Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, 5 Hwarang-ro 14-gil, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 02792, Republic of Korea.

Several bioprocessing technologies, such as separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF), simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF), and consolidated bioprocessing (CBP), have been highlighted to produce bio-based fuels and chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass. Successful CBP, an efficient and economical lignocellulosic biorefinery process compared with other processes, requires microorganisms with sufficient cellulolytic activity and biofuel/chemical-producing ability. Here, we report the complete genome of Paenibacillus sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00284-019-01685-wDOI Listing

Diet and colorectal cancer in UK Biobank: a prospective study.

Int J Epidemiol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Most of the previous studies on diet and colorectal cancer were based on diets consumed during the 1990s.

Methods: We used Cox-regression models to estimate adjusted hazard ratios for colorectal cancer by dietary factors in the UK Biobank study. Men and women aged 40-69 years at recruitment (2006-10) reported their diet on a short food-frequency questionnaire (n = 475 581). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz064DOI Listing

Heterogeneous ice nucleation correlates with bulk-like interfacial water.

Sci Adv 2019 Apr 12;5(4):eaat9825. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China.

Establishing a direct correlation between interfacial water and heterogeneous ice nucleation (HIN) is essential for understanding the mechanism of ice nucleation. Here, we study the HIN efficiency on polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) surfaces with different densities of hydroxyl groups. We find that the HIN efficiency increases with the decreasing hydroxyl group density. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aat9825DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461451PMC

Chronic Alcohol Drinking Slows Brain Development in Adolescent and Young Adult Nonhuman Primates.

eNeuro 2019 Mar-Apr;6(2). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Beaverton, Oregon 97006.

The transition from adolescence to adulthood is associated with brain remodeling in the final stages of developmental growth. It is also a period when a large proportion of this age group engages in binge alcohol drinking (occasional consumption of four to five drinks leading to intoxication) and heavy alcohol drinking (binge drinking on ≥5 d in a month). Here we report on magnetic resonance imaging of developmental changes in the brain occurring during late adolescence and early adulthood (3. Read More

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http://eneuro.org/lookup/doi/10.1523/ENEURO.0044-19.2019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/ENEURO.0044-19.2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464511PMC
April 2019
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Does Mental Health Differ by Alcohol Use in Elderly Male Veterans?

Gerontol Geriatr Med 2019 Jan-Dec;5:2333721419837803. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, USA.

With limited research for mental health and alcohol use among veterans in the general population and none for elderly male veterans only, the purpose is to assess whether mental health differs by alcohol use in elderly male veterans in the general population. This cross-sectional analysis uses 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for male veterans aged 65 and older in general population samples from Florida ( = 1,700), Maryland ( = 1,060), New York ( = 552), and Washington ( = 1,031). Multiple logistic regression by state assessed the relationship between mental health and alcohol use, after controlling for health-related, demographic, and socioeconomic factors. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2333721419837803
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2333721419837803DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449810PMC
April 2019
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Level of neighborhood environmental factors related to noncommunicable diseases in selected wards of urban Puducherry, South India.

J Educ Health Promot 2019 15;8:34. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

Background: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of mortality worldwide. Environmental factors play an important role in development of risk factors. Hence, the study was done to assess the neighborhood environmental factors related to NCDs in urban area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_130_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432806PMC
February 2019

Induction of Apoptosis Georgi Root Extract by Inactivation of the Phosphatidyl Inositol 3-kinase/Akt Signaling Pathway in Human Leukemia U937 Cells.

J Cancer Prev 2019 Mar 30;24(1):11-19. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Biochemistry, Dong-Eui University College of Korean Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Background: The roots of Georgi (Labiatae) have been widely used in traditional medicine for treatment of various diseases. In this study, we investigated the effects of ethanol extracts of roots (EESB) on the growth ofn human leukemia U937 cells.

Methods: The effect of EESB on cell viability was measured by the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide assay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15430/JCP.2019.24.1.11DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453591PMC

Genetic data of museum specimens allow for inferring evolutionary history of the cosmopolitan genus (Heteroptera: Reduviidae).

PeerJ 2019 10;7:e6640. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Ecology, Evolution, & Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA.

Among the 30 known genera within subfamily Peiratinae, only the genus has a cosmopolitan distribution. The results of our studies are the first comprehensive analysis concerning one of the representatives of mentioned subfamily based on joint phylogenetic analyses of molecular and morphological data as well as molecular dating. A total of 32 species were included into the dataset with all known species of the genus . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6640DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6462186PMC

Patient 2 with decompensated cirrhosis due to alcohol with short duration of sobriety.

Clin Liver Dis (Hoboken) 2018 Jun 26;11(6):152-155. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Cleveland Clinic Cleveland OH.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cld.706DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385959PMC

Risk factors, scoring systems, and interventions for alcohol relapse after liver transplantation for alcoholic liver disease.

Clin Liver Dis (Hoboken) 2018 May 5;11(5):105-110. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Division of Gastroenterology and Comprehensive Transplant Center Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Los Angeles CA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cld.696DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385952PMC

Synthesis of functionalized diazocines for application as building blocks in photo- and mechanoresponsive materials.

Beilstein J Org Chem 2019 20;15:727-732. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Otto Diels Institute for Organic Chemistry, Christian-Albrechts-University, Otto-Hahn-Platz 4, 24118 Kiel, Germany.

Seven symmetrically 3,3'-substituted diazocines were synthesized. Functional groups include alcohol, azide, amine and vinyl groups, which are suitable for polymer synthesis. Upon irradiation at 385 and 530 nm the diazocines perform a reversible, pincer-type movement switching the 3,3'-distance between 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3762/bjoc.15.68DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444418PMC

Direct enzymatic ethanolysis of potential biomass for co-production of sustainable biodiesel and nutraceutical eicosapentaenoic acid.

Biotechnol Biofuels 2019 5;12:78. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

1BIC-ESAT, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871 China.

Background: Marine microalga is a promising source for the production of renewable and sustainable biodiesel in replacement of depleting petroleum. Other than biodiesel, is a green and potential resource for the commercial production of nutraceutical eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C). In recent studies, low-value biodiesel can be achieved by transesterification of biomass. Read More

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https://biotechnologyforbiofuels.biomedcentral.com/articles/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13068-019-1418-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449970PMC
April 2019
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Effects of Water/Ethanol Extract on -Induced Diarrhea in Rats.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2019 12;2019:9537603. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Animal Physiology Laboratory, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon.

Diarrheal disease, characterized by the release of more than three loose or liquid stools per day, remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in children below 5 years of age in developing countries. Many drugs used in diarrhea management face contraindication and, with regard to infectious diarrhea, resistance of some bacterial strains; this therefore increases the need of new alternative and more effective drugs. This study aimed to evaluate anti- activities of water/ethanol extract. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2019/9537603/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9537603DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434311PMC
March 2019
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Lessons from the Thai Health Promotion Foundation.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 19;97(3):213-220. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Muang, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand.

To facilitate the policy response to noncommunicable diseases in Thailand, parliament adopted the Health Promotion Foundation Act in 2001. This Act led to the establishment of an autonomous government body, the Thai Health Promotion Foundation, called ThaiHealth. The foundation receives its revenue from a 2% surcharge of excise taxes on tobacco and alcohol. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-220277.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220277DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453312PMC
March 2019
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A cross-sectional study of psychiatric morbidity and quality of life among participants utilizing the preventive health-care services of a tertiary hospital.

Indian J Psychiatry 2019 Mar-Apr;61(2):192-197

Department of Psychiatry, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry, India.

Background: The burden of mental disorders has been increasingly recognized and 450 million people globally are suffering from mental illness. Mental-physical comorbidity has adverse effects on the overall outcome. Research is scarce with regard to mental health screening in the context of "preventive health care" in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_159_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425810PMC
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