172,193 results match your criteria Alcohol research & health : the journal of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism[Journal]


What do cost-effective health behaviour-change interventions contain? A comparison of six domains.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0213983. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Objectives: To help implement behaviour change interventions (BCIs) in practice it is important to be able to characterize their key components. This study compared broad features of cost-effective BCIs that addressed smoking, diet, physical activity, alcohol and sexual health. It also assessed the association of these with the magnitude of the cost-effectiveness estimates. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213983PLOS

Clinical and Ethical Challenges in Undertaking LIMPRINT in Vulnerable Populations.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):155-162

9 College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University and ACH Group, Adelaide, South Australia.

To estimate the prevalence of chronic edema (CO) and wounds within two vulnerable populations, a male high security prison in the East Midlands (United Kingdom) and residential and nursing homes in the United Kingdom and Australia. Methods for screening for CO and wounds were adapted from the main LIMPRINT methodology. In total, 195 inmates were recruited with 22 (11%) having CO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0083DOI Listing

Aboriginal mothers in prison in Australia: a study of social, emotional and physical wellbeing.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, New South Wales.

Objective: To describe the social, emotional and physical wellbeing of Aboriginal mothers in prison.

Methods: Cross-sectional survey, including a Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (5-item version) administered to Aboriginal women who self-identified as mothers.

Results: Seventy-seven Aboriginal mothers in New South Wales (NSW) and 84 in Western Australia (WA) participated in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12892DOI Listing

Examining Australia's heaviest drinkers.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, La Trobe University, Victoria.

Objective: This study examined the distribution of alcohol consumption in Australia, identifying the heaviest drinking 10% of the population and examining their sociodemographic characteristics and their alcohol consumption and purchasing practices.

Methods: Data came from the 2016 National Drug Strategy Household Survey and the 2013 International Alcohol Control Study. The heaviest drinking 10% of the population identified based on estimates of annual alcohol consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12901DOI Listing
April 2019
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Do drinking problems in the past affect current consumption?

Cad Saude Publica 2019 8;35(4):e00025618. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Centre for Business and Economics Research, Coimbra, Portugal.

Harmful use of alcohol ranks among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death worldwide. However, not all individuals who consume alcohol throughout life are addicted and our premise is that addiction implies a chain of consumption that produces harmful effects. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether self-assessed past drinking problems - our measure of harmful alcohol consumption - affect the current alcohol consumption patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00025618DOI Listing

Mechanistic study of the reaction of CHF with Cl atoms in the absence and presence of CH or CH: decomposition of CHFOH and fate of the CHFO radical.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia.

To assess the atmospheric fate of fluorinated compounds, chamber experiments were performed with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy investigating the products of difluoromethane, CH2F2, at 296 ± 2 K. The reactions were initiated by reaction of CH2F2 with Cl atoms in the absence and presence of CH4 or C2H6 in air or O2. No evidence of formation of the fluorinated alcohol, CHF2OH, from the reactions of the CHF2O2 radical with either CH3O2 or CH3CH2O2 was observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8cp06425cDOI Listing

Higher amounts of Sedentary Time are Associated with Short Sleep Duration and Poor Sleep Quality in Postmenopausal Women.

Sleep 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO.

Study Objectives: To evaluate the associations between sedentary time, total (total-PA), light (light-PA), moderate (MOD-PA), and vigorous (VIG-PA) physical activity with indices of sleep in postmenopausal women.

Methods: Baseline self-reported data from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (n=75,074) were used in this cross-sectional analysis. Total-PA, light-PA, MOD-PA, and VIG-PA were categorized by metabolic equivalents of the activity [MET-hour (hr)/week (wk)] and were estimated using validated questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsz093DOI Listing

Initiation Sequence of E-Cigarette and Cigarette Smoking among US Adolescents: A National Study.

Am J Addict 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Center for the Study of Drugs, Alcohol, Smoking, and Health, Department of Health Behavior and Biological Sciences, School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Background And Objectives: The primary objectives were to: (1) examine the initiation sequence of e-cigarette use and cigarette smoking; (2) assess other substance use as a function of the initiation sequence of e-cigarettes and cigarettes; and (3) investigate the role of early e-cigarette initiation among US secondary school students.

Methods: Data were collected via self-administered questionnaires from independent 2015 and 2016 nationally representative cross-sectional samples of 8th grade, 10th grade, and 12th grade students (N = 36 410).

Results: The lifetime initiation sequence included: (1) e-cigarette use before cigarette smoking (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajad.12886DOI Listing

Bruxism: an umbrella review of systematic reviews.

J Oral Rehabil 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Brazilian Centre for Evidence-Based Research, Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Objectives: To synthesize available knowledge about both sleep (SB) and awake bruxism (AB) as depicted by previous published systematic reviews (SR).

Methods: SR investigating any bruxism-related outcome were selected in a two-phase process. Searches were performed on seven main electronic databases and a partial grey literature search on three databases. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/joor.12801
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12801DOI Listing
April 2019
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Adherence to multiple health behaviours in cancer survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Cancer Surviv 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Newcastle, NSW, 2308, Australia.

Purpose: Multiple health behaviours (not smoking, minimal alcohol consumption, and maintaining a healthy weight by having a healthy diet and regular physical activity) improve quality of life and longevity of cancer survivors. Despite international guidelines, there are no existing reviews that synthesise cancer survivors' adherence to healthy lifestyle recommendations.

Method: Five databases (Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) were searched for relevant articles published from 2007 until January 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11764-019-00754-0DOI Listing

Young Thai People's Exposure to Alcohol Portrayals in Society and the Media: A Qualitative Study for Policy Implications.

Int J Behav Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Family Health, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Background: Although previous quantitative studies have documented the association between exposure to alcohol portrayals and drinking attitudes in Western countries, few qualitative studies have explored this matter in Thailand. A better understanding of the association in young Thais is required for a more efficient alcohol policy development. This study aims to explore the information young Thais have learnt from exposure to alcohol portrayals in society and the media, examine how this exposure shapes their drinking attitudes, and investigate the alignment of policy-makers' views on drinking with those of young people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12529-019-09785-4DOI Listing

Reciprocal Effects of Alcohol Use and Violence Perpetration Among Early Adolescents in Mexico: A Gendered Analysis.

J Youth Adolesc 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Global Center for Applied Health Research, Arizona State University, 411 N. Central Ave., Suite 720, Phoenix, AZ, 85004, USA.

Although substance use and violent behaviors often emerge together in adolescence, and both have similar widely cited causes and negative consequences for development, it remains unclear whether and how they may be linked causally. This study of early adolescents in Mexico's three largest cities tested whether alcohol use and violence perpetration are temporally related, whether their relationship is unidirectional or reciprocal, and whether the relationship differs by gender and the type of violence. The study employed longitudinal data from seventh grade students (N = 4830; M age = 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01014-1DOI Listing

Diet and colorectal cancer in UK Biobank: a prospective study.

Int J Epidemiol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Most of the previous studies on diet and colorectal cancer were based on diets consumed during the 1990s.

Methods: We used Cox-regression models to estimate adjusted hazard ratios for colorectal cancer by dietary factors in the UK Biobank study. Men and women aged 40-69 years at recruitment (2006-10) reported their diet on a short food-frequency questionnaire (n = 475 581). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz064DOI Listing

Chronic Alcohol Drinking Slows Brain Development in Adolescent and Young Adult Nonhuman Primates.

eNeuro 2019 Mar-Apr;6(2). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Beaverton, Oregon 97006.

The transition from adolescence to adulthood is associated with brain remodeling in the final stages of developmental growth. It is also a period when a large proportion of this age group engages in binge alcohol drinking (occasional consumption of four to five drinks leading to intoxication) and heavy alcohol drinking (binge drinking on ≥5 d in a month). Here we report on magnetic resonance imaging of developmental changes in the brain occurring during late adolescence and early adulthood (3. Read More

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http://eneuro.org/lookup/doi/10.1523/ENEURO.0044-19.2019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/ENEURO.0044-19.2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464511PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Does Mental Health Differ by Alcohol Use in Elderly Male Veterans?

Gerontol Geriatr Med 2019 Jan-Dec;5:2333721419837803. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, USA.

With limited research for mental health and alcohol use among veterans in the general population and none for elderly male veterans only, the purpose is to assess whether mental health differs by alcohol use in elderly male veterans in the general population. This cross-sectional analysis uses 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for male veterans aged 65 and older in general population samples from Florida ( = 1,700), Maryland ( = 1,060), New York ( = 552), and Washington ( = 1,031). Multiple logistic regression by state assessed the relationship between mental health and alcohol use, after controlling for health-related, demographic, and socioeconomic factors. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2333721419837803
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2333721419837803DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449810PMC
April 2019
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Level of neighborhood environmental factors related to noncommunicable diseases in selected wards of urban Puducherry, South India.

J Educ Health Promot 2019 15;8:34. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

Background: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of mortality worldwide. Environmental factors play an important role in development of risk factors. Hence, the study was done to assess the neighborhood environmental factors related to NCDs in urban area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_130_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432806PMC
February 2019

Genetic data of museum specimens allow for inferring evolutionary history of the cosmopolitan genus (Heteroptera: Reduviidae).

PeerJ 2019 10;7:e6640. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Ecology, Evolution, & Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA.

Among the 30 known genera within subfamily Peiratinae, only the genus has a cosmopolitan distribution. The results of our studies are the first comprehensive analysis concerning one of the representatives of mentioned subfamily based on joint phylogenetic analyses of molecular and morphological data as well as molecular dating. A total of 32 species were included into the dataset with all known species of the genus . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6640DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6462186PMC

A cross-sectional study of psychiatric morbidity and quality of life among participants utilizing the preventive health-care services of a tertiary hospital.

Indian J Psychiatry 2019 Mar-Apr;61(2):192-197

Department of Psychiatry, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry, India.

Background: The burden of mental disorders has been increasingly recognized and 450 million people globally are suffering from mental illness. Mental-physical comorbidity has adverse effects on the overall outcome. Research is scarce with regard to mental health screening in the context of "preventive health care" in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_159_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425810PMC

Illness representations and coping practices for self-managing hypertension among sub-Saharan Africans: A comparative study among Ghanaian migrants and non-migrant Ghanaians.

Patient Educ Couns 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Public Health, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Medical Centres, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: Hypertension (HTN) control is a major obstacle among sub-Saharan African populations partly due to poor self-management. We explored and compared how persons' social and physical context shapes their illness representations regarding HTN and the coping strategies they develop and adapt to mitigate challenges in self-managing HTN.

Methods: A cross sectional multisite qualitative study using semi-structured interviews among 55 Ghanaians with HTN living in The Netherlands and urban and rural Ghana. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07383991193013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2019.04.008DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Maternal half-sibling families with discordant fathers: a contrastive design assessing cross-generational paternal genetic transmission of alcohol use disorder, drug abuse and major depression.

Psychol Med 2019 Apr 17:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Center for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University,Malmö,Sweden.

Background: We introduce and apply an elegant, contrastive genetic-epidemiological design - Maternal Half-Sibling Families with Discordant Fathers - to clarify cross-generational transmission of genetic risk to alcohol use disorder (AUD), drug abuse (DA) and major depression (MD).

Method: Using Swedish national registries, we identified 73 108 eligible pairs of reared together maternal half-siblings and selected those whose biological fathers were discordant for AUD, DA and MD, and had minimal contact with the affected father. We examined differences in outcome in half-siblings with an affected v. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719000874DOI Listing

Repeated ambulance use is associated with chronic diseases - a population-based historic cohort study of patients' symptoms and diagnoses.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2019 Apr 16;27(1):46. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Centre for Prehospital and Emergency Research, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Søndre Skovvej 15, 9000, Aalborg, Denmark.

Background: There is a growing demand for emergency medical services (EMS) and patients are repeatedly transported by ambulance services. For many patients, especially those with chronic disease, there may be better ways of delivering care. We examined the symptom at time of emergency call and the hospital diagnosis for those ambulance users who repeatedly received an ambulance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13049-019-0624-4DOI Listing

Studying alcohol use disorder using Drosophila melanogaster in the era of 'Big Data'.

Behav Brain Funct 2019 Apr 16;15(1). Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Program in Neuroscience, Middlebury College, Middlebury, VT, 05753, USA.

Our understanding of the networks of genes and protein functions involved in Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) remains incomplete, as do the mechanisms by which these networks lead to AUD phenotypes. The fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) is an efficient model for functional and mechanistic characterization of the genes involved in alcohol behavior. The fly offers many advantages as a model organism for investigating the molecular and cellular mechanisms of alcohol-related behaviors, and for understanding the underlying neural circuitry driving behaviors, such as locomotor stimulation, sedation, tolerance, and appetitive (reward) learning and memory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12993-019-0159-xDOI Listing
April 2019
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Ten Years After the ADA Amendment Act (2008): The Relationship Between ADA Employment Discrimination and Substance Use Disorders.

Psychiatr Serv 2019 Apr 17:appips201800574. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Law, Ethics, and Psychiatry (Aoun and Appelbaum) and Center for Research on Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Psychiatric, Neurologic, and Behavioral Genetics (Appelbaum), Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York.

Objective: Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) provides protection against discrimination on the basis of disability. This article explores how the courts have dealt with provisions limiting these protections for persons with substance use disorders. Specifically, the ADA allows employees with substance use disorders to be held to the same standards as other employees, suggesting that employers may not be required to provide reasonable accommodations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201800574DOI Listing

Olfactory Event-Related Potentials and Exhaled Organic Volatile Compounds: The Slow Link Between Olfactory Perception and Breath Metabolic Response. A Pilot Study on Phenylethyl Alcohol and Vaseline Oil.

Brain Sci 2019 Apr 15;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Imaging e Scienze Cliniche, Università "d'Annunzio" di Chieti-Pescara, 66100 Chieti, Italy.

Olfactory processing starts with the breath and elicits neuronal, metabolic and cortical responses. This process can be investigated centrally via the Olfactory Event-Related Potentials (OERPs) and peripherally via exhaled Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). Despite this, the relationship between OERPs (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9040084DOI Listing

Compliance with Multiple Health Behaviour Recommendations: A Cross-Sectional Comparison between Female Cancer Survivors and Those with no Cancer History.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 15;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia.

Lifestyle behaviours have an important role in preventing cancer, reducing treatment side effects, and improving survival and quality of life for cancer survivors. This study investigated adherence to multiple lifestyle behaviours among women with and without a cancer history. From the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) surveys, 2407 cancer survivors and 3896 controls (cancer free population) were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081345DOI Listing

Measurement of substance-free reinforcement in addiction: A systematic review.

Clin Psychol Rev 2019 Apr 5;70:79-90. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Memphis, 400 Innovation Dr., Memphis, TN 38152, United States. Electronic address:

A robust body of theoretical and experimental work highlights the influence of alternative, substance-free rewards on decisions to use alcohol and other drugs. However, translational applications have been limited in part by the lack of consensus on how to measure substance-free reinforcement in applied and clinical settings. The current study summarizes extant research utilizing self-report reinforcement or reward methodologies, and critically reviews the psychometric properties of the available measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2019.04.003DOI Listing

Oxytocin blocks enhanced motivation for alcohol in alcohol dependence and blocks alcohol effects on GABAergic transmission in the central amygdala.

PLoS Biol 2019 Apr 16;17(4):e2006421. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Neurobiology of Addiction Section, Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.

Oxytocin administration has been reported to decrease consumption, withdrawal, and drug-seeking associated with several drugs of abuse and thus represents a promising pharmacological approach to treat drug addiction. We used an established rat model of alcohol dependence to investigate oxytocin's effects on dependence-induced alcohol drinking, enhanced motivation for alcohol, and altered GABAergic transmission in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA). Intraperitoneal oxytocin administration blocked escalated alcohol drinking and the enhanced motivation for alcohol in alcohol-dependent but not nondependent rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.2006421DOI Listing

Mortality in older adults with frequent alcohol consumption and use of drugs with addiction potential - The Nord Trøndelag Health Study 2006-2008 (HUNT3), Norway, a population-based study.

PLoS One 2019 16;14(4):e0214813. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Ageing and Health, Vestfold Hospital Trust, Tønsberg, Norway.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate whether frequent drinking, use of drugs with addiction potential and the possible combination of frequent drinking and use of prescribed drugs with addiction potential were associated with all-cause mortality in older adults.

Methods: We used data from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT3 2006-08), a population-based study in Norway. A total of 11,545 (6,084 women) individuals 65 years and older at baseline participated. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214813PLOS

Oxidation reduction potential: a new biomarker of male infertility.

Panminerva Med 2019 Jun;61(2):108-117

American Center for Reproductive Medicine, Department of Urology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA -

Oxidative stress is considered a major etiology for male infertility, more specifically idiopathic infertility. The causes of seminal oxidative stress can be intrinsic, such as varicocele or due to the presence of active leukocytes and immature germ cells. Reported external causes are smoking, alcohol or exposure to environmental toxins. Read More

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https://www.minervamedica.it/index2.php?show=R41Y2019N02A010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0031-0808.18.03529-2DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read
2.276 Impact Factor

[Effect of ethanolic extract of Polygonum cuspidatum on acute gouty arthritis in mice through NLRP3/ASC/caspase-1 axis].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2019 Feb;44(3):546-552

College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University Hangzhou 310053, China.

The aim of this paper was to study the effect and mechanism of alcohol extract from Polygonum cuspidatum(PCE) on acute gouty arthritis in C57 BL/6 mice through NLRP3/ASC/caspase-1 axis. The model mice which injected with ankle joint injection of sodium urate crystals(MSU) were orally administrated with three different concentration of PCE, with colchicine as positive control. HE staining was used for observing the morphological changes of synovial tissue; concentration of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α secreted by synovial tissue of the ankle joint were detected by ELISA; mRNA and protein expression of NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 in synovial tissue were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively. Read More

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http://www.cnki.net/kcms/doi/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20180925.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20180925.001DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Quantitative proteomics of inhibitory mechanism of Dendrobium denneanum ether extract on lung cancer cells].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2019 Feb;44(4):765-773

Chengdu Institute of Biology,Chinese Academy of Sciences Chengdu 610041,China.

Dendrobium denneanum have been used for a long time as rare medicinal herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Our previous works found that ether extract of D. denneanum had higher anticancer activities than alcohol or water extract,thus with better development prospects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20181031.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Differences between homeless women and men before and after the transition from shelter to community living: A longitudinal analysis.

Health Soc Care Community 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Impuls - Netherlands Center for Social Care Research, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, Radboud university medical center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Social quality is the extent to which people are able to participate in social relationships under conditions which enhance their well-being, capacities and potential and enables them to shape their own circumstances and contribute to societal development. We assessed whether women in homeless shelters differed from men on social quality factors that constitute the quality of their daily life and whether factor scores changed at a different rate for women and men after shelter exit. Data were collected as part of a randomised controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12752DOI Listing

Prevalence of depressive symptoms and its associated factors among healthy community-dwelling older adults living in Australia and the United States.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

School of Medicine, IMPACT Strategic Research Centre, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.

Objective: This study was conducted to estimate prevalence rates and factors associated with depressive symptoms indexed by the Centre for Epidemiological Studies - Depression (CES-D-10) score in a large sample of community-dwelling healthy older adults from Australia and the United States. Convergent and divergent validity of the CES-D-10 were also examined.

Methods: A total of 19,114 individuals aged ≥65 years were enrolled from a primary prevention clinical trial. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/gps.5119
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gps.5119DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Prison and Transition Health (PATH) Cohort Study: Study Protocol and Baseline Characteristics of a Cohort of Men with a History of Injecting Drug Use Leaving Prison in Australia.

J Urban Health 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Behaviours and Health Risks Program, Public Health Discipline, Burnet Institute, 85 Commercial Rd, Melbourne, VIC, 3004, Australia.

People who inject drugs (PWID) are disproportionately represented among individuals who experience imprisonment and often have more complex physical and mental health needs than people in prison without injecting histories. The trajectories of PWID after prison release are poorly understood, hampering the development of effective strategies to address their distinct health needs. The Prison and Transition Health (PATH) Cohort Study is characterising the post-release trajectories of incarcerated male PWID in Victoria, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11524-019-00353-5DOI Listing

Habitual food consumption of the Belgian population in 2014-2015 and adherence to food-based dietary guidelines.

Arch Public Health 2019 5;77:14. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Sciensano, Department of Epidemiology and public health, Unit Lifestyle and chronic diseases, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: Between 2014 and 2015 a second National Food Consumption Survey was conducted in Belgium in order to evaluate the habitual food consumption in the general Belgian population and to compare it with food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) and results of the 2004 Food Consumption Survey.

Methods: A representative sample of the Belgian population was randomly selected from the National Population Register following a multistage stratified sampling procedure. Information on dietary intake was collected from 3146 subjects between 3 and 64 year old through two non-consecutive 24-hour dietary recalls using GloboDiet®. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13690-019-0343-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449930PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Spotlight on Impactful Research: Universal Screening for Alcohol Misuse in Acute Admissions Is Feasible and Identifies Patients at High Risk for Liver Disease.

Clin Liver Dis (Hoboken) 2018 Sep 2;12(3):83-84. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology Michigan Medicine Ann Arbor MI.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cld.731DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385921PMC
September 2018

Reversing conventional site-selectivity in C(sp)-H bond activation.

Nat Chem 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Chemistry, Scripps Research, La Jolla, CA, USA.

One of the core barriers to developing C-H activation reactions is the ability to distinguish between multiple C-H bonds that are nearly identical in terms of electronic properties and bond strengths. Through recognition of distance and molecular geometry, remote C(sp)-H bonds have been selectively activated in the presence of proximate ones. Yet achieving such unconventional site selectivity with C(sp)-H bonds remains a paramount challenge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41557-019-0245-6DOI Listing
April 2019
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Retraction notice to Confirmed Marijuana Use and Lymphocyte Count in Black People Living with HIV [DAD 180 (2017) 22 - 25].

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 May;198:199

University of Florida Center for AIDS/HIV Research, Service, and Education University of Florida, United States.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03768716193009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.03.001DOI Listing
May 2019
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High levels of alcohol intoxication and strong support for restrictive alcohol policies among music festival visitors.

Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2019 Apr 15;14(1):15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

STAD (Stockholm Prevents Alcohol and Drug Problems), Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet & Stockholm Health Care Services, Stockholm County Council, Norra Stationsgatan 69, 11364, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Alcohol intoxication is associated with problems such as violence, injuries, drunk driving and sexual risk-taking, and music festivals are considered a high-risk setting for high levels of alcohol consumption. This study investigates intoxication levels, drinking habits, and opinions on alcohol use and alcohol policies among visitors at one of the largest music festivals in Sweden in 2017.

Methods: A cross-sectional study assessing alcohol intoxication levels was conducted at a music festival (~ 50,000 attendees). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13011-019-0203-8DOI Listing

Vitamins C and E alone and in combination partly protect against chronic ethanol-induced toxicity in rat erythrocytes.

Int J Vitam Nutr Res 2019 Apr 16:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

2 Neurophysiology Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Oxidative stress is part of the mechanisms involved in ethanol toxicity. We investigated effects of vitamins C (VC), E (VE) and the combination of VC+VE on chronic ethanol-induced toxicity in rat erythrocytes. The following groups were treated for 30 days: control (C), VC (200 mg/kg), VE (200 mg/kg), VC (200 mg/kg) + VE (200 mg/kg), ethanol 4 g/kg, ethanol + VC, ethanol + VE and ethanol + VC + VE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/0300-9831/a000551DOI Listing

Association of Ambient Air Pollution with Increased Liver Enzymes in Korean Adults.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 4;16(7). Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 03080, Korea.

An association between exposure to air pollution and liver enzymes in certain areas or older people has been reported in the literature; however, it cannot be generalized to the general population. We investigated the association between air pollution, liver enzyme levels, and alcohol consumption using nationwide data of South Korean adults. Air pollutants included particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤10 µm (PM), nitrogen dioxide (NO₂), sulfur dioxide (SO₂), and carbon monoxide (CO). Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/7/1213
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071213DOI Listing
April 2019
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Preventive Effect of Anji White Tea Flavonoids on Alcohol-Induced Gastric Injury through Their Antioxidant Effects in Kunming Mice.

Biomolecules 2019 Apr 4;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Chongqing Collaborative Innovation Center for Functional Food, Chongqing University of Education, Chongqing 400067, China.

Anji white tea () is a traditional Chinese tea beverage, which is classified as green tea and contains an abundant amount of flavonoids. In this study, the preventive effect of Anji white tea flavonoids (AJWTFs) on ethanol/hydrochloric acid-induced gastric injury in mice was evaluated. The serum and gastric tissues of mice were analyzed using a biochemical kit and by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2218-273X/9/4/137
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biom9040137DOI Listing
April 2019
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Psychiatric comorbidity among first-time and repeat DUI offenders.

Addict Behav 2019 Apr 1;96:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Division on Addiction, Cambridge Health Alliance, United States of America; Harvard Medical School, United States of America.

Driving under the influence of alcohol or other substances is a serious public health concern. Previous research has shown that psychiatric comorbidity is more prevalent for repeat offenders than the general population, and that first-time offenders exhibit elevated rates of psychiatric comorbidity, but few studies have directly compared first-time and repeat DUI offenders. The current study compares psychiatric comorbidity among repeat and first-time DUI offenders. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03064603183144
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.03.018DOI Listing
April 2019
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OPRM1 rs1799971 - COMT rs4680 - FAAH rs324420 genes interact with placebo procedures to induce hypoalgesia.

Pain 2019 May 6. Epub 2019 May 6.

Department of Pain and Translational Symptom Science, School of Nursing, University of Maryland, Baltimore, USA.

Genetics studies on the placebo hypoalgesic effect highlight a promising link between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the dopamine, opioid, and endocannabinoid genes and placebo hypoalgesia. However, epistasis and replication studies are missing. In this study, we expanded upon previous findings related to the three SNPs in the opioid receptor mu subunit (OPRM1 rs1799971), catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT rs4680), and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH rs324420) genes associated with placebo hypoalgesia and tested the effect of a three-way interaction on placebo hypoalgesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001578DOI Listing

Adaptation of a Canadian culpability scoring tool to Alberta police traffic collision report data.

Traffic Inj Prev 2019 Apr 15:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

a Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine , University of Calgary , Calgary , Alberta , Canada.

Objective: The objective of this study was to adapt a previously validated Canadian Culpability Scoring Tool (CCST) to Alberta police report data.

Methods: Police traffic collision reports from motor vehicle (MV) collisions in Calgary and Edmonton (Alberta, Canada) from 2010 to 2014 were used. Adaptation of the CCST was completed with input from personnel within Alberta Transportation, contributing to face and content validity. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15389588.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2019.1567916DOI Listing
April 2019
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Types of cannabis and tobacco/nicotine co-use and associated outcomes in young adulthood.

Psychol Addict Behav 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

RAND Corporation.

Cannabis and tobacco/nicotine use are highly comorbid. Given expanding access to cannabis through legalization for recreational use, it is important to understand how patterns of cannabis and tobacco/nicotine co-use are associated with young adult outcomes. A predominantly California-based sample of 2,429 young adults (mean age = 20. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/adb0000464
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/adb0000464DOI Listing
April 2019
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Factors associated with high functioning despite distress in post-9/11 veterans.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Steven and Alexandra Cohen Veterans Center for the Study of Posttraumatic Stress and Traumatic Brain Injury.

Objective: This study aimed to identify modifiable factors associated with perceived functioning among veterans with high symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Method: Two hundred fifty-one post-9/11 veterans completed a survey of psychosocial symptoms and functioning; a subset participated in a follow-up survey (n = 109). Latent profile analysis (LPA) at baseline identified groups that differed by level of functioning (high/low). Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/rep0000271
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000271DOI Listing
April 2019
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Risks associated with the stroke predisposition at young age: facts and hypotheses in light of individualized predictive and preventive approach.

EPMA J 2019 Mar 20;10(1):81-99. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

8Radiological Clinic, UKB, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 25, 53127 Bonn, Germany.

Stroke is one of the most devastating pathologies of the early twenty-first century demonstrating 1-month case-fatality rates ranging from 13 to 35% worldwide. Though the majority of cases do occur in individuals at an advanced age, a persistently increasing portion of the patient cohorts is affected early in life. Current studies provide alarming statistics for the incidence of "young" strokes including adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13167-019-00162-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6459458PMC

Identification of a Functional Non-coding Variant in the GABA Receptor α2 Subunit of the C57BL/6J Mouse Reference Genome: Major Implications for Neuroscience Research.

Front Genet 2019 29;10:188. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Genetics, Genomics and Informatics, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, United States.

GABA type-A (GABA-A) receptors containing the α2 subunit (GABRA2) are expressed in most brain regions and are critical in modulating inhibitory synaptic function. Genetic variation at the locus has been implicated in epilepsy, affective and psychiatric disorders, alcoholism and drug abuse. expression varies as a function of genotype and is modulated by sequence variants in several brain structures and populations, including F2 crosses originating from C57BL/6J (B6J) and the BXD recombinant inbred family derived from B6J and DBA/2J. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2019.00188DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449455PMC

Cognitive Control as a 5-HT-Based Domain That Is Disrupted in Major Depressive Disorder.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:691. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

The Molecular & Behavioral Neuroscience Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.

Heterogeneity within Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) has hampered identification of biological markers (e.g., intermediate phenotypes, IPs) that might increase risk for the disorder or reflect closer links to the genes underlying the disease process. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00691
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00691DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450211PMC
March 2019
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