962,265 results match your criteria Alcohol and alcoholism Oxford Oxfordshire[Journal]


Alcohol Use Disorder Is Bad for Broken Ribs: A Nationwide Analysis of 19,638 Patients With Rib Fractures.

J Surg Res 2020 Jul 5;255:556-564. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Division of Trauma, Critical Care, Emergency Surgery, and Burns, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona. Electronic address:

Background: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) has deleterious effects on many organ systems. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of AUD on outcomes in patients with rib fractures. We hypothesized that AUD is associated with increased risk adverse outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2020.05.053DOI Listing

RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, phenylethyl anthranilate, CAS Registry Number 133-18-6.

Food Chem Toxicol 2020 Jul 5:111470. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Research Institute for Fragrance Materials, Inc., 50 Tice Boulevard, Woodcliff Lake, NJ, 07677, USA.

The existing information supports the use of this material as described in this safety assessment. Phenylethyl anthranilate was evaluated for genotoxicity, repeated dose toxicity, developmental and reproductive toxicity, local respiratory toxicity, phototoxicity/photoallergenicity, skin sensitization, and environmental safety. Data from phenylethyl anthranilate and the read-across analog cinnamyl anthranilate (CAS # 87-29-6) show that phenylethyl anthranilate is not expected to be genotoxic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2020.111470DOI Listing

COVID-19 and the Chemical Senses: Supporting Players Take Center Stage.

Neuron 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Leibniz Institute for Food Systems Biology at the Technical University of Munich, Freising, Germany. Electronic address:

The main neurological manifestation of COVID-19 is loss of smell or taste. The high incidence of smell loss without significant rhinorrhea or nasal congestion suggests that SARS-CoV-2 targets the chemical senses through mechanisms distinct from those used by endemic coronaviruses or other common cold-causing agents. Here we review recently developed hypotheses about how SARS-CoV-2 might alter the cells and circuits involved in chemosensory processing and thereby change perception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2020.06.032DOI Listing

Psychosocial Vulnerabilities to Upper Respiratory Infectious Illness: Implications for Susceptibility to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Authors:
Sheldon Cohen

Perspect Psychol Sci 2020 Jul 8:1745691620942516. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University.

For 35 years, our laboratory has been involved in identifying psychosocial factors that predict who becomes ill when they are exposed to a virus affecting the upper respiratory tract. To pursue this question, we used a unique viral-challenge design in which we assessed behavioral, social, and psychological factors in healthy adults. We subsequently exposed these adults to a cold or influenza virus and then monitored them in quarantine for 5 to 6 days for onset of respiratory illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691620942516DOI Listing

SIRT1-mediated amelioration of oxidative stress in kidney of alcohol-aflatoxin-B1-induced hepatocellular carcinoma by resveratrol is catalase dependent and GPx independent.

J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2020 Jul 8:e22576. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Dr Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar, India.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a type of primary liver cancer and dietary exposure to aflatoxins is a major risk factor of HCC. The current study aimed to assess the role of resveratrol and nicotinamide in renal toxicity during alcohol-aflatoxin-B1-induced HCC. The results revealed that resveratrol treatment normalized the level of urea, lipid peroxidation, lactate and lactate dehydrogenase, which were increased in HCC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbt.22576DOI Listing

Bidirectional links between adolescent brain function and substance use moderated by cognitive control.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Psychology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA.

Background: No clear consensus exists as to whether neurodevelopmental abnormalities among substance users reflect predisposing neural risk factors, neurotoxic effects of substances, or both. Using a longitudinal design, we examined developmental patterns of the bidirectional links between neural mechanisms and substance use throughout adolescence.

Method: 167 adolescents (aged 13-14 years at Time 1, 53% male) were assessed annually four times. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13285DOI Listing

Inbred Substrain Differences Influence Neuroimmune Response and Drinking Behavior.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Waggoner Center for Alcoholism and Addiction Research, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, 78712, USA.

Background: The inbred mouse strain C57BL/6 is widely used in both models of addiction and immunological disease. However, there are pronounced phenotypic differences in ethanol consumption and innate immune response between B6 substrains. The focus of this study was to examine the effects of substrain on innate immune response and neuroimmune-induced escalation of voluntary ethanol consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acer.14410DOI Listing

Purification and characterization of a novel medium-chain ribitol dehydrogenase from a lichen-associated bacterium Sphingomonas sp.

PLoS One 2020 8;15(7):e0235718. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Biomedical Science and Center for Bio-Nanomaterials, Daegu University, Gyeongsan, South Korea.

Sugar alcohols (polyols) are abundant carbohydrates in lichen-forming algae and transported to other lichen symbionts, fungi, and bacteria. Particularly, ribitol is an abundant polyol in the lichen Cetraria sp. Polyols have important physiological roles in lichen symbiosis, but polyol utilization in lichen-associated bacteria has been largely unreported. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235718PLOS

Long-term low-dose ethanol intake improves healthspan and resists high-fat diet-induced obesity in mice.

Aging (Albany NY) 2020 Jul 8;12. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Numerous epidemiological studies have reported that moderate alcohol drinking has beneficial effects. However, few studies have focused on the beneficial effects of ethanol, the common component in alcoholic beverages. Here we fed the C57BL/6 mice with 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/aging.103401DOI Listing

The Clustering of Adverse Childhood Experiences in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children: Are Gender and Poverty Important?

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 8:886260520935096. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

University College London, UK.

Previous research has demonstrated a graded relationship between the number of Adverse Childhood Experiences reported (an ACE score) and child outcomes. However, ACE scores lack specificity and ignore the patterning of adversities, which are informative for interventions. The aim of the present study was to explore the clustering of ACEs and whether this clustering differs by gender or is predicted by poverty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520935096DOI Listing

Polydrug Use and Dating Violence Among Emerging Adults.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 8:886260520934427. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, USA.

We examined sociodemographic and psychosocial risk factors that moderate the (poly) substance use and dating violence victimization and perpetration relationship among emerging adults. Using an ethnically diverse sample ( = 698), we used latent class analyses to identify mutually exclusive groups based on monthly and past-year substance use. We then examined these groups as they relate to dating violence victimization and perpetration and the moderating effect of various risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520934427DOI Listing

Poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) Conjugates with Salicylic Acid via Degradable Modular Ester Linkages.

Biomacromolecules 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Conjugation of drugs to polymers is a widely used approach to gain control over the release of therapeutics. In this contribution, salicylic acid, a multipurpose model drug, is conjugated to the biocompatible poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) (PEtOx). The drug is attached to the side chains of a polymer carrier trough a hydrolytically cleavable ester linker, via a sequential post-polymerization modification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.0c00659DOI Listing

Effect of Surgical Skin Antisepsis on Surgical Site Infections in Patients Undergoing Gynecological Laparoscopic Surgery: A Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Surg 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Gynaecology Division, The Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Importance: Gynecological laparoscopies are one of the most common surgical procedures worldwide. Limited evidence exists on rates of surgical site infections in patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopies and strategies to prevent these infections.

Objective: To compare rates of port-site infections, organ or space infections, and any type of surgical site infections among patients who underwent gynecological laparoscopies and received 1 of 3 types of skin preparation solutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1953DOI Listing

Comorbidities in Older Persons with Controlled HIV Infection: Correlations with Frailty Index Subtypes.

AIDS Patient Care STDS 2020 Jul;34(7):284-294

Department of Neurology and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Frailty is prevalent in persons with human immunodeficiency virus (PWH), but factors predisposing older PWH to frailty remain uncertain. We examined factors associated with frailty and determined whether there were multiple frailty subtypes in older adults with controlled HIV infection. This was a cross-sectional outpatient study in an urban HIV clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/apc.2020.0051DOI Listing

Outcomes of Polyvinyl Alcohol Hydrogel Implant of the Lesser Metatarsals.

Foot Ankle Int 2020 Jul 8:1071100720935034. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Lesser toe metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint pathology presents a challenge for surgical treatment. At our institution, arthroplasty using a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) hydrogel implant has been utilized in the second and third MTP joints for advanced arthritis, failed management of Freiberg's infraction, and osteochondral defects. We present a case series describing the clinical outcomes of 13 patients following PVA implantation of the second or third MTP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1071100720935034DOI Listing

Chemoselective Hydrogenation of Alkynes to ()Alkenes Using an Air-Stable Base Metal Catalyst.

Org Lett 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC), KAUST, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia.

A highly selective hydrogenation of alkynes using an air-stable and readily available manganese catalyst has been achieved. The reaction proceeds under mild reaction conditions and tolerates various functional groups, resulting in ()-alkenes and allylic alcohols in high yields. Mechanistic experiments suggest that the reaction proceeds via a bifunctional activation involving metal-ligand cooperativity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.orglett.0c01783DOI Listing

Metal-Catalyzed Carbon-Carbon Bond Cleavage of Unstrained Alcohols.

Chem Rev 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

ETH Zürich, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 3, HCI, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland.

The functionalization of molecules by cleaving inert carbon-carbon single bonds is regarded as a great synthetic challenge due to their inherent stability. In recent years, significant progress has been made in the activation of small rings relying on the release of strain energy. By contrast, the number of catalytic methodologies for the activation of unstrained carbon-carbon single bonds is still limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.0c00154DOI Listing

Selective Permeation of Water through Angstrom-Channel Graphene Membranes for Bioethanol Concentration.

Adv Mater 2020 Jul 8:e2002320. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, 3800, Australia.

Graphene-based laminate membranes have been theoretically predicted to selectively transport ethanol from ethanol-water solution while blocking water. Here, robust angstrom-channel graphene membranes (ACGMs) fabricated by intercalating carbon sheets derived from chitosan into thermally reduced graphene oxide (GO) sheets are reported. ACGMs with robust and continuous slit-shaped pores (an average pore size of 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.202002320DOI Listing

DNMT3b-mediated methylation of ZSWIM3 enhances inflammation in alcohol-induced liver injury via regulating TRAF2-mediated NF-κB pathway.

Clin Sci (Lond) 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Anhui medical university, Hefei, China.

The regulation of macrophages during inflammatory responses is a crucial process in alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and aberrant macrophage DNA methylation is associated with inflammation. Our preliminary screening results of macrophage methylation in this study demonstrated the zinc finger SWI2/SNF2 and MuDR (SWIM) - domain containing 3 (ZSWIM3) were hypermethylated in the 5ꞌ untranslated region (5ꞌ-UTR) region. ZSWIM3, a novel zinc finger-chelate domain of SWIM, is predicted to function in DNA-binding and protein-binding interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/CS20200031DOI Listing
July 2020
5.598 Impact Factor

Temporal trend in the prevalence of indicators related to driving a motor vehicle after alcohol consumption, between 2007 and 2018.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200012.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the temporal trend of indicators related to motor vehicle driving after alcohol consumption, in the general population and among drivers.

Methods: Temporal trend study of indicators related to driving motorized vehicles after alcohol consumption, between 2007 and 2018, based on information from Vigitel. The population consisted of adults (≥ 18 years old) living in Brazilian capitals with a landline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200012.supl.1DOI Listing

Profile of cases due to burn attended in emergency care units in Brazilian capitals in 2017.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200005.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde, Organização Mundial da Saúde, Washington, D.C., Estados Unidos.

Objectives: To describe the profile of burn victims attended in emergency services and to identify associations between the variables investigated.

Methods: Cross-sectional study based on data from the 2017 survey "Surveillance of violence and accidents in emergency units". We used descriptive analysis, according to demographic characteristics and aspects related to the burn injury, as well as the correspondence analysis technique, which allowed to verify possible associations between the variables investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200005.supl.1DOI Listing

Risk and protective factors related to domestic violence against Brazilian adolescents.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200003.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Objective: To describe the factors associated with domestic violence against Brazilian adolescents.

Methodology: Descriptive analysis of the variables and calculation of the prevalence of intrafamily violence reported by the students was performed, followed by multinomial regression with calculation of the adjusted odds ratio to analyze the association between the variables and the outcome investigated.

Results: Black skin color (ORa = 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200003.supl.1DOI Listing

Analysis of notifications of intimate partner violence against women, Brazil, 2011-2017.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200007.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Departamento de Análise de Saúde e Vigilância de Doenças não Transmissíveis, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Ministério da Saúde, Brasília, DF, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze notifications of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women.

Methods: Cross-sectional study on IPV against women (≥ 15 years old) registered in Brazilian Notification Disease Information System (Sinan) from 2011 to 2017, analyzed using the chi-square test (χ2) and Poisson regression with robust variance to estimate proportion ratios (PR) and their respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI).

Results: A total 454,984 cases of violence perpetrated by men against women were reported, of which 62. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200007.supl.1DOI Listing

Helmet use and injury severity among crashed motorcyclists in Brazilian state capitals: an analysis of the violence an accidents survey 2017.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200011.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the effect of helmet use on injury severity among motorcyclists and passengers involved in traffic accidents.

Methods: Cross-sectional study of traffic accidents involving motorcyclists attended at the emergency healthcare units participating in the Violence and Accidents Survey Conducted in Sentinel Emergency Departments (Viva Survey) 2017.

Results: There was a predominance of individuals aged 18 to 29 years old (46. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200011.supl.1DOI Listing

Prevalence of arterial hypertension and associated factors: a population-based study.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2020 May 3;66(5):630-636. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Departamento de Nutrição, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Piauí, Teresina, PI, Brasil.

OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of hypertension in adults and analyze its association with socioeconomic, demographic, and lifestyle risk factors. METHODS Home-based cross-sectional epidemiological study conducted with adults of both sexes living in the cities of Teresina and Picos (PI). The prevalence of hypertension was estimated by self-reported diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.66.5.630DOI Listing

Wet chemical epitaxial growth of a cactus-like CuFeO/ZnO heterojunction for improved photocatalysis.

Dalton Trans 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Yangzhou University, 180 Siwangting Road, Yangzhou 225002, People's Republic of China.

Herein, a wet chemical epitaxial growth method was employed to fabricate a cactus-like CuFeO2/ZnO heterojunction for the photocatalytic reduction of benzaldehyde to benzyl alcohol. The 1D ZnO nanorods in the heterojunction make contact with the 2D CuFeO2 nanoflakes at the atomic level, therefore providing a fast charge transfer channel along the direction parallel to the CuFeO2 c-axis, leading to efficient charge separation and improved photocatalytic performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0dt01813aDOI Listing

Combination of organocatalytic oxidation of alcohols and organolithium chemistry (RLi) in aqueous media, at room temperature and under aerobic conditions.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Departamento de Química Orgánica e Inorgánica, (IUQOEM) Facultad de Química, Universidad de Oviedo, E-33071, Oviedo, Spain.

A tandem protocol to access tertiary alcohols has been developed which combines the organocatalytic oxidation of secondary alcohols to ketones followed by their chemoselective addition by several RLi reagents. Reactions take place at room temperature, under air and in aqueous solutions, a trio of conditions that are typically forbidden in polar organometallic chemistry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0cc03768kDOI Listing

Engineering a homochiral metal-organic framework based on an amino acid for enantioselective separation.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3255, USA. and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77842, USA.

A chiral metal-organic framework possessing an open amphiphilic channel is constructed from a dicarboxylate ligand derived from an amino acid and is shown to be an efficient and recyclable chiral solid adsorbent, which is capable of separating racemic secondary alcohols, epoxides, and ibuprofen with very high enantioselectivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0cc00897dDOI Listing

Conversion of racemic alcohols to optically pure amine precursors enabled by catalyst dynamic kinetic resolution: experiment and computation.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Institute of Organic Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Landoltweg 1, 52074 Aachen, Germany.

An unprecedented base metal catalysed asymmetric synthesis of α-chiral amine precursors from racemic alcohols is reported. This redox-neutral reaction utilises a bench-stable manganese complex and Ellman's sulfinamide as a versatile ammonia surrogate. DFT calculations explain the unusual finding of the highly stereoselective transformation enabled by a catalyst that undergoes an unusual dynamic kinetic resolution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0cc02881aDOI Listing

The frames of the mind of a psychiatrist.

Authors:
M O Huttunen

Ir J Psychol Med 2020 Jun 6;37(2):134-135. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.

The structures of our mind may be understood as 'frames', which play a key role in our everyday goals, choices and decisions. Understanding these often unconscious processes may help us to understand the complex decisions we make in our clinical practice. Such frames may be many in number, being based, for example, on medical, psychological, social, trauma, or problem-solving models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.68DOI Listing

Genetic and Transcriptomic Evidences Suggest ARO10 Genes Are Involved in Benzenoid Biosynthesis by Yeast.

Yeast 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Facultad de Quimica, Food Science and Technology Department, Enology and Fermentation Biotechnology Area, Universidad de la República, Uruguay.

Benzenoids are compounds associated with floral and fruity flavours in flowers, fruits and leaves and present a role in hormonal signalling in plants. These molecules are produced by the phenyl ammonia lyase pathway. However, some yeasts can also synthesize them from aromatic amino acids using an alternative pathway that remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/yea.3508DOI Listing

Etiologic heterogeneity of clear-cell and papillary renal cell carcinoma in the Netherlands Cohort Study.

Int J Cancer 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Epidemiology, GROW - School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands.

At present, mostly case-control and retrospective studies have investigated the association between etiologic risk factors and the development of histologic subtypes of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Therefore, we assessed the heterogeneity between body mass index (BMI), cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and hypertension across clear-cell RCC (ccRCC) and papillary RCC (pRCC) risk in the prospective Netherlands Cohort Study on diet and cancer (NLCS).In 1986, 120,852 participants aged 55-69 completed a self-administered questionnaire on diet and other risk factors for cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.33193DOI Listing

Developmental Changes in Secrecy During Middle Adolescence: Links with Alcohol Use and Perceived Controlling Parenting.

J Youth Adolesc 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Family and Development research center (FADO), Institute of Psychology, University of Lausanne, 1015, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Adolescence is a developmental period characterized by fundamental transformations in parent-child communication. Although a normative shift in adolescents' secrecy seems to occur in parallel to changes in their drinking behaviors and in their perceptions of the relationship with their parents, relatively little attention has been paid to their associations over time. The present longitudinal study examined the associations between developmental changes in adolescents' secrecy, alcohol use, and perceptions of controlling parenting during middle adolescence, using a latent growth curve approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-020-01281-3DOI Listing

Health benefits of xylitol.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Council for Nutritional and Environmental Medicine (CONEM), Toften 24, 8610, Mo i Rana, Norway.

Many diseases, including caries, chronic inflammatory diseases, diabetes, and obesity, are associated with uncontrolled sugar consumption. Artificial sweeteners are commonly used in food and pharmaceutical industries as sugar substitutes for the prevention of several dental and body diseases; they also have a favorable impact on body weight as they may help to restrict simple sugar consumption. Xylitol is a sugar alcohol that is commonly used as a sweetener. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-020-10708-7DOI Listing

Magnetic FeO-Supported Gold Nanoflowers with Lattice-Selected Surfaces: Preparation and Catalytic Performance.

ACS Omega 2020 Jun 19;5(25):15755-15760. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Industrial Chemistry, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601, Japan.

Nanoflowers (NFs)-shape-controlled noble metal nanocrystals-have garnered significant attention because of their novel catalytic properties and applicability. In this paper, we report the preparation and catalytic performance of a magnetic FeO-supported AuNF catalyst with a clean surface. The magnetically supported AuNFs were obtained by using magnetic FeO as the support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.0c02340DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7331204PMC

Membrane Flash Index: Powerful and Perspicuous Help for Efficient Separation System Design.

ACS Omega 2020 Jun 17;5(25):15136-15145. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Chemical and Environmental Process Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rkp. 3, HU 1111 Budapest , Hungary.

There are different factors and indices to characterize the performance of a pervaporation membrane, but none of them gives information about their capabilities in the area of liquid separation compared to the most convenient alternative, which is distillation. Membrane flash index (MFLI) can be considered the first and only one that shows if the membrane is more efficient or not than distillation and quantifies this feature too. Therefore, the MFLI helps select the best separation alternative in the case of process design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.0c01063DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7331041PMC

An all-silk-derived functional nanosphere matrix for sequential biomolecule delivery and osteochondral regeneration.

Bioact Mater 2020 Dec 23;5(4):832-843. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

School of Medicine, Southeast University, 210009, Nanjing, China.

Endogenous repair of osteochondral defect is usually limited by the insufficient number of cells in the early stage and incomplete cell differentiation in the later stage. The development of drug delivery systems for sequential release of pro-migratory and pro-chondrogenic molecules to induce endogenous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) recruitment and chondrogenic differentiation is highly desirable for osteochondral regeneration. In this study, a novel, all-silk-derived sequential delivery system was fabricated by incorporating the tunable drug-loaded silk fibroin (SF) nanospheres into a SF porous matrix. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioactmat.2020.05.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7321772PMC
December 2020

Assessing dietary and lifestyle risk behaviours and their associations with disease comorbidities among patients with depression: A case-control study from Bahrain.

Heliyon 2020 Jun 26;6(6):e04323. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Ministry of Health, Manama, Bahrain.

Objectives: In Western populations, patients with depression die 10-25 years prematurely compared to controls, mainly due to lifestyle-related diseases. Tobacco smoking, excessive alcohol intake, poor diets and physical inactivity are among the major contributors to disease comorbidities. The objective of this research is to assess the dietary and lifestyle behaviours for Bahraini patients with depression and to determine their associations with different medical comorbidities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04323DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327261PMC

A breathable, biodegradable, antibacterial, and self-powered electronic skin based on all-nanofiber triboelectric nanogenerators.

Sci Adv 2020 Jun 26;6(26):eaba9624. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and Nanosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083, P. R. China.

Mimicking the comprehensive functions of human sensing via electronic skins (e-skins) is highly interesting for the development of human-machine interactions and artificial intelligences. Some e-skins with high sensitivity and stability were developed; however, little attention is paid to their comfortability, environmental friendliness, and antibacterial activity. Here, we report a breathable, biodegradable, and antibacterial e-skin based on all-nanofiber triboelectric nanogenerators, which is fabricated by sandwiching silver nanowire (Ag NW) between polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aba9624DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319766PMC

Chronic alcohol consumption alters extracellular space geometry and transmitter diffusion in the brain.

Sci Adv 2020 Jun 24;6(26):eaba0154. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Instituto de Neurociencias, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and Universidad Miguel Hernández, Sant Joan d'Alacant, Spain.

Already moderate alcohol consumption has detrimental long-term effects on brain function. However, how alcohol produces its potent addictive effects despite being a weak reinforcer is a poorly understood conundrum that likely hampers the development of successful interventions to limit heavy drinking. In this translational study, we demonstrate widespread increased mean diffusivity in the brain gray matter of chronically drinking humans and rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aba0154DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314532PMC

Hispanic participants in the National Institute on Drug Abuse's Clinical Trials Network: A scoping review of two decades of research.

Addict Behav Rep 2020 Dec 1;12:100287. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

College of Social Work, Florida State University, 296 Champions Way, UCC 3407, Tallahassee, FL 32309, United States.

Introduction: Hispanics significantly underutilize substance abuse treatment and are at greater risk for poor treatment outcomes and dropout. Two decades of research from the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN) offers an opportunity to increase our understanding in how to address the disparities experienced by Hispanics in substance abuse treatment.

Methods: A scoping review was utilized to determine what has been learned from the CTN about Hispanic populations with substance use disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2020.100287DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330873PMC
December 2020

Factors associated with quality of life trajectories among inpatients treated for alcohol use disorders: A prospective cohort study.

Addict Behav Rep 2020 Dec 20;12:100285. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Research and Development, Clinic of Substance Use and Addiction Medicine, St. Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.

Aims: The main study purpose was to investigate patient- and treatment-related factors associated with overall quality of life (OQOL) trajectories during and after inpatient alcohol use disorder (AUD) treatment.

Design: A large-scale prospective multicenter cohort study of patients with different substance use disorder (SUD) types who were consecutively admitted for inpatient SUD treatment. Data were obtained at treatment entry (T1), discharge (T2), three months after discharge (T3), and one year after discharge (T4). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2020.100285DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330870PMC
December 2020

Alternative flavored and unflavored tobacco product use and cigarette quit attempts among current smokers experiencing homelessness.

Addict Behav Rep 2020 Dec 4;12:100280. Epub 2020 May 4.

University of California, San Francisco, Division of General Internal Medicine, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA.

Introduction: Alternative tobacco product (ATP) use is common in the general population; however, few studies have explored ATP among individuals experiencing homelessness. We recruited individuals experiencing homelessness who were current cigarette smokers to explore flavored and unflavored ATP use and its association with past-year cigarette quit attempts.

Methods: Using time-location sampling, we recruited participants from eight service sites in San Francisco, CA between December 2017 and July 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2020.100280DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330871PMC
December 2020

Common Elements Treatment Approach (CETA) for unhealthy alcohol use among persons with HIV in Zambia: Study protocol of the ZCAP randomized controlled trial.

Addict Behav Rep 2020 Dec 29;12:100278. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Aims: Prevalence of unhealthy alcohol use and co-occurring mental health problems is high among persons living with HIV (PLWH) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Yet, there is a dearth of evidence-based treatment options that can address both unhealthy alcohol use and comorbidities in SSA HIV care settings. Recent studies testing single-session alcohol brief interventions (BIs) among PLWH in SSA have suggested that more robust treatments are needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2020.100278DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330869PMC
December 2020

Datasets on process transesterification of binary blend of oil for fatty acid ethyl ester (FAEE) synthesized via the ethanolysis of heterogeneous doped catalyst.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 23;31:105905. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Mechanical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Landmark University, Omu Aran, Kwara State, P.M.B 1106, Ilorin, Nigeria.

The data employed the blend of waste used oil and beef tallow for the synthesis of fatty acid ethyl ester (FAEE) via ethanolysis of developed catalyst from calcined fermented cocoa pod husk powder (CFCPHP) doped with burnt cocoa pod husk powder (BCHP). Characterization of the developed doped catalyst (DDC) was carried out using FTIR, SEM, XRD, and BET adsorption analysis, while the basic strength of the DDC was tested through reusability test data. Mathematical optimization of the process condition was carried out through Box-Behnken Experimental Design (BBED) in 29 runs with variations in four variables as catalyst concentration (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105905DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329925PMC

Iron-Catalyzed Acceptorless Dehydrogenative Coupling of Alcohols With Aromatic Diamines: Selective Synthesis of 1,2-Disubstituted Benzimidazoles.

Front Chem 2020 19;8:429. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

BK21 PLUS Project, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

Benzimidazoles are important -heteroaromatic compounds with various biological activities and pharmacological applications. Herein, we present the first iron-catalyzed selective synthesis of 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazoles acceptorless dehydrogenative coupling of primary alcohols with aromatic diamines. The tricarbonyl (η-cyclopentadienone) iron complex catalyzed dehydrogenative cyclization, releasing water and hydrogen gas as by-products. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2020.00429DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7317090PMC

A fast and cost-efficient method to detect ethanol as adulterant in gasoline.

MethodsX 2020 20;7:100974. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Adulteration of fuel is a global problem that needs to be curbed. Studies have proved that no technically easy solution has been developed and easily accessible to the Oil and gas industry to detect adulterated gasoline. The need therefore arises for adequate and substantial methods for easy detection of adulterated gasoline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mex.2020.100974DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330607PMC

Retrospective analysis on the outcome of open and closed reduction of mandibular condylar fractures at tertiary centre of Gujarat.

J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2020 Jul-Sep;10(3):294-298. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, K.M. Shah Dental College, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, India.

Aim: Aim of this study is to analyse the epidemiology, treatment modalities and complications faced in management of mandibular condylar fractures by surgical and conservative treatment, over period of five years at our centre.

Material And Method: Data of patients who were diagnosed with condylar fractures of mandible from 2013 to 2018 was collected, and were evaluated on the basis of Etiology, fracture pattern, age, sex, associated injuries, treatment modalities and complications.

Results: The sample size of 82 patients (total 204), 67 male (81. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jobcr.2020.05.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327423PMC

Hepatocellular Carcinoma With Tumor Thrombus to the Hepatic Veins and the Right Atrium: A Case Report and Review Exploring Various Presentations and Treatment Options.

Cureus 2020 Jun 2;12(6):e8405. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Internal Medicine, Legacy Health, Portland, USA.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer and cancer-related deaths in the world. Some of the risk factors for the development of HCC include Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), chronic alcoholism, autoimmune hepatitis, among others. One manifestation of HCC includes tumor thrombus (TT) to the right atrium (RA), which occurs in 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8405DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7331928PMC
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