6,516 results match your criteria Alcohol and Substance Abuse Evaluation


The contribution of injection drug use to hepatitis C virus transmission globally, regionally, and at country level: a modelling study.

Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Population Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK; National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit in Evaluation of Interventions, UK.

Background: WHO aims to eliminate the hepatitis C virus (HCV) as a public health threat by 2030. Injection drug use is an important risk factor for HCV transmission, but its contribution to country-level and global epidemics is unknown. We estimated the contribution of injection drug use to risk for HCV epidemics globally, regionally, and at country level. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24681253193008
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-1253(19)30085-8DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

A quasi-experimental evaluation of partnerships for success's impact on community-level ethanol and prescription drug poisoning rates.

Addict Behav 2019 Apr 6;95:220-225. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, United States of America.

The emerging dual threats of underaged drinking (UAD) and prescription drug misuse (PDM) require sustained prevention efforts across multiple levels of interventions. In response to the continuing proliferation of UAD and PDM among youth and young adults, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) developed the Partnerships for Success (PFS) program. Across five cohorts funded from 2012 to 2016, PFS created linkages between health care providers, treatment and prevention services providers, government agencies, and nonprofit organizations for the delivery of multiple sets of services (e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.04.006DOI Listing

Withdrawal effects following repeated ethanol exposure are prevented by N-acetylcysteine in zebrafish.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2019 Apr 1;93:161-170. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Laboratory of Psychopharmacology and Behavior, Basic Sciences Institute of Health, Graduate Program in Biological Sciences: Neuroscience, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS 90050-170, Brazil; Graduate Program in Biological Sciences: Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Basic Sciences Institute of Health, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS 90050-170, Brazil; Zebrafish Neuroscience Research Consortium (ZNRC), Los Angeles, United States. Electronic address:

Alcohol abuse is a highly prevalent condition that substantially contributes to global morbidity and mortality. Most available pharmacological treatments offer little efficacy as relapse rates are high, due in part to the symptoms experienced during abstinence. The roles of oxidative stress and glutamatergic transmission in alcohol withdrawal have been demonstrated in several studies, suggesting that restoration of oxidative status and glutamatergic function may represent a new pharmacological target to prevent the behavioral and biochemical alterations observed during withdrawal. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2019.03.014DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Development of a social media-based intervention targeting tobacco use and heavy episodic drinking in young adults.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2019 Apr 1;14(1):14. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Psychiatry, Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California, 350 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0984, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.

Background: Tobacco use and heavy episodic drinking (HED) commonly co-occur in young adults. We developed and tested usability of the Smoking Tobacco and Drinking (STAND) intervention for young adults delivered on Facebook.

Methods: To inform the intervention, focus groups were held with 25 young adults age 18 to 25 (12% female; Mean age = 20. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13722-019-0141-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444508PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Impact of a brief psychoeducational intervention for reducing alcohol use and related harm in school leavers.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research, Centre for Children's Health Research, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation and School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.

Introduction And Aims: Many young people engage in risky partying behaviours and excessive alcohol use in the transition period following high school graduation. Despite this, there is limited longitudinal research on adolescents before and after school graduation; and limited evaluation of interventions targeting these high-risk periods. The present study aims to address this gap in the literature by examining the impact of brief psychoeducation interventions on substance use, psychological distress and well-being during this important life transition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12920DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Physical Exercise Attenuates Oxidative Stress and Morphofunctional Cerebellar Damages Induced by the Ethanol Binge Drinking Paradigm from Adolescence to Adulthood in Rats.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2019 18;2019:6802424. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Laboratory of Functional and Structural Biology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pará (UFPA), Belém, PA, Brazil.

Ethanol (EtOH) binge drinking is characterized by high EtOH intake during few hours followed by withdrawal. Protection strategies against the damages generated by this binge are poorly explored. Thus, this study is aimed at investigating the protective role of treadmill physical exercise (PE) on the damage caused after repeated cycles of binge-like EtOH exposure in the oxidative biochemistry, morphology, and cerebellar function of rats from adolescence to adulthood. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6802424DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398010PMC

Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measures of alcohol and drug treatment initiation and engagement among people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and patients without an HIV diagnosis.

Subst Abus 2019 Mar 25:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

c Division of Research , Kaiser Permanente Northern California , Oakland , California , USA.

Background: Problematic use of alcohol and other drugs (AOD) is highly prevalent among people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH), and untreated AOD use disorders have particularly detrimental effects on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) outcomes. The Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measures of treatment initiation and engagement are important benchmarks for access to AOD use disorder treatment. To inform improved patient care, we compared HEDIS measures of AOD use disorder treatment initiation and engagement and health care utilization among PLWH and patients without an HIV diagnosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2019.1580239DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

State Policies Targeting Alcohol Use during Pregnancy and Alcohol Use among Pregnant Women 1985-2016: Evidence from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.

Womens Health Issues 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE), Santa Cruz, California.

Background: Most states have at least one policy targeting alcohol use during pregnancy. The public health impact of these policies has not been examined. We sought to examine the relationship between state-level policies targeting alcohol use during pregnancy and alcohol use among pregnant women. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10493867183037
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2019.02.001DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads

Substance Use in a Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking Patient Population.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Substance use and abuse have been documented as both a risk factor in and consequence of involvement in domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST). Domestic minor sex trafficking is defined as the commercial sexual exploitation of children in exchange for money, food, shelter, or any other valued entity. The current investigation sought to describe substance use in a cohort of DMST patients who present for medical evaluation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001749DOI Listing

Association of Cohort and Individual Substance Use With Risk of Transitioning to Drug Use, Drug Use Disorder, and Remission From Disorder: Findings From the World Mental Health Surveys.

JAMA Psychiatry 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Limited empirical research has examined the extent to which cohort-level prevalence of substance use is associated with the onset of drug use and transitioning into greater involvement with drug use.

Objective: To use cross-national data to examine time-space variation in cohort-level drug use to assess its associations with onset and transitions across stages of drug use, abuse, dependence, and remission.

Design, Setting, And Participants: The World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys carried out cross-sectional general population surveys in 25 countries using a consistent research protocol and assessment instrument. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.0163DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Neuroimaging reward, craving, learning, and cognitive control in substance use disorders: review and implications for treatment.

Br J Radiol 2019 Mar 11:20180942. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

2 Departments of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Center , Aurora , CO.

Substance use disorder is a leading causes of preventable disease and mortality. Drugs of abuse cause molecular and cellular changes in specific brain regions and these neuroplastic changes are thought to play a role in the transition to uncontrolled drug use. Neuroimaging has identified neural substrates associated with problematic substance use and may offer clues to reduce its burden on the patient and society. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjr.20180942DOI Listing

Psychiatric Comorbidity of Sex Offenses in a Military Forensic Sample.

Authors:
Karl V Umbrasas

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2019 Jan 24;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Dalecarlia Annex Fremont Bldg, 6000 MacArthur Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20816.

Objective: To examine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among service members charged with sexual offenses.

Methods: The sample comprised service members charged with any type of sexual offense and referred for forensic evaluation (N = 67). Forensic mental health evaluations (competency to stand trial, criminal responsibility, risk assessment) of service members charged with sexual offenses were examined and the assigned clinical diagnoses (according to DSM-IV or -5) were enumerated to provide natural frequencies and percentages. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/PCC.18m02349DOI Listing
January 2019

Adolescent Addiction Curriculum: Impact on Knowledge Self-Assessment in Pediatric Learners.

MedEdPORTAL 2018 May 7;14:10716. Epub 2018 May 7.

Assistant Professor, Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine.

Introduction: Addiction is developmentally a pediatric-onset disease. Adolescent addiction recently gained the nation's attention due to the steep increase in opioid-related drug overdose deaths. Educating future adolescent health providers on adolescent addiction is a strategic initiative to mitigate the impact of this challenging public health concern. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10716DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342343PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Study protocol for a pragmatic trial of the Consult for Addiction Treatment and Care in Hospitals (CATCH) model for engaging patients in opioid use disorder treatment.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2019 Feb 19;14(1). Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Office of Behavioral Health, NYC Health + Hospitals, 125 Worth St, New York, NY, 10013, USA.

Background: Treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) is highly effective, yet it remains dramatically underutilized. Individuals with OUD have disproportionately high rates of hospitalization and low rates of addiction treatment. Hospital-based addiction consult services offer a potential solution by using multidisciplinary teams to evaluate patients, initiate medication for addiction treatment (MAT) in the hospital, and connect patients to post-discharge care. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13722-019-0135-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380041PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Characteristics and behavioral health needs of patients with patterns of high hospital use: implications for primary care providers.

BMC Health Serv Res 2019 Feb 8;19(1):81. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 2716 South Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19146, USA.

Background: A small percentage of patients relies extensively on hospital-based care and account for a disproportionately high share of health care spending in the United States. Evidence shows that behavioral health conditions are common among these individuals, but understanding of their behavioral health needs is limited. This study aimed to understand the behavioral health characteristics and needs of patients with high hospital utilization patterns in Camden, New Jersey. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-3894-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367800PMC
February 2019

Examining the indirect effect of posttraumatic stress symptoms via emotion dysregulation on alcohol misuse among trauma-exposed Latinx in primary care.

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2019 Jan;25(1):55-64

Department of Psychology.

Objectives: Latinx individuals face substantial health disparities, particularly in the areas of mental health and substance use. Among Latinx in the U.S. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/cdp0000226
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cdp0000226DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Patient characteristics associated with treatment initiation and engagement among individuals diagnosed with alcohol and other drug use disorders in emergency department and primary care settings.

Subst Abus 2019 Jan 31:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

b Center for Health Research , Kaiser Permanente Northwest , Portland , Oregon , USA.

Background: Treatment initiation and engagement rates for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use disorders differ depending on where the AOD use disorder was identified. Emergency department (ED) and primary care (PC) are 2 common settings where patients are identified; however, it is unknown whether characteristics of patients who initiate and engage in treatment differ between these settings.

Methods: Patients identified with an AOD disorder in ED or PC settings were drawn from a larger study that examined Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) AOD treatment initiation and engagement measures across 7 health systems using electronic health record data (n = 54,321). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1547812DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A Mixed-Methods Evaluation of the Implementation of a Performance Measurement System for South Africa's Substance Use Treatment Services.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:131-138

Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Objective: Minimal knowledge exists on the factors that affect implementation of performance measurement systems, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). To address this, we describe the implementation of a performance measurement system for South Africa's substance abuse treatment services known as the Service Quality Measures (SQM) initiative.

Method: We conducted a mixed-methods evaluation of system implementation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377018PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Estimating Service Needs for Alcohol and Other Drug Users According to a Tiered Framework: The Case of the São Paulo, Brazil, Metropolitan Area.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:87-95

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate the need for population-level services for alcohol and other drug abuse in support of local planning.

Method: Data were drawn from a subsample of 2,942 interviewees from the São Paulo Megacity Study, which evaluated mental health in the general population (18 years and older) of residents in the São Paulo metropolitan area. This population was classified into five hierarchical categories of severity, making it possible to obtain estimates of need for services, combining evaluation criteria regarding drug and alcohol use and general and mental health comorbidities over the last 12 months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377023PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Psychiatric comorbidity and Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measures of alcohol and other drug treatment initiation and engagement across 7 health care systems.

Subst Abus 2019 Jan 25:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

a Center for Health Policy and Health Services Research , Henry Ford Health System , Detroit , Michigan , USA.

Background: Psychiatric comorbidity is common among patients with alcohol and other drug (AOD) use disorders. To better understand how psychiatric comorbidity influences AOD treatment access in health care systems, the present study examined treatment initiation and engagement among a large, diverse sample of patients with comorbid psychiatric and AOD use disorders.

Methods: This study utilized data from a multisite observational study examining Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measures of initiation and engagement in treatment (IET) among patients with AOD use disorders from 7 health care systems. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1545727DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Drink drivers' views of a voluntary alcohol interlock programme for drink driving offenders in Sweden.

Accid Anal Prev 2019 Mar 22;124:210-218. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), SE-581 95 Linköping, Sweden. Electronic address:

A permanent alcohol interlock programme was introduced in Sweden in 2012. The programme is voluntary and allows drink driving offenders to keep their driving licenses if they install alcohol interlocks in their vehicles. The duration of the programme is one or two years, depending on the severity of the drink driving offence. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2019.01.010DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Predictors of Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) treatment initiation and engagement among patients with opioid use disorder across 7 health systems.

Subst Abus 2019 Jan 24:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a Division of Research , Kaiser Permanente Northern California , Oakland , California , USA.

Background: The prevalence of opioid use disorder (OUD) has increased rapidly in the United States and improving treatment access is critical. Among patients with OUD, we examined factors associated with the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) performance measures of alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment initiation and engagement.

Methods: Electronic health record and claims data between October 1, 2014, and August 15, 2015, from 7 health systems were used to identify patients (n = 11,490) with a new index OUD diagnosis (no AOD diagnosis prior <60 days) based on International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 codes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1545729DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Factors associated with Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) alcohol and other drug measure performance in 2014-2015.

Subst Abus 2019 Jan 24:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a Division of Research , Kaiser Permanente Northern California , Oakland , California , USA.

Background: Only 10% of patients with alcohol and other drug (AOD) disorders receive treatment. The AOD Initiation and Engagement in Treatment (AOD-IET) measure was added to the national Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) to improve access to care. This study identifies factors related to improving AOD-IET rates. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1545728DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

The association between medical comorbidity and Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measures of treatment initiation and engagement for alcohol and other drug use disorders.

Subst Abus 2019 Jan 24:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

k Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute , Seattle , Washington , USA.

Background: Medical comorbidity may influence treatment initiation and engagement for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use disorders. We examined the association between medical comorbidity and Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) treatment initiation and engagement measures.

Methods: We used electronic health record and insurance claims data from 7 US health care systems to identify patients with AOD use disorders between October 1, 2014, and August 15, 2015 (N = 86,565). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1545726DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Anti-ulcerogenic activity of dentatin from clausena excavata Burm.f. against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in rats: Possible role of mucus and anti-oxidant effect.

Phytomedicine 2019 Mar 3;55:31-39. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Substance Abuse Research Centre, Jazan University, P.O.Box 114, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Clausena excavata Burm.f. (Rutaceae) has been used for the treatment of stomach disorders including peptic ulcer. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2018.06.036DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Exploring the association between initial serum alcohol concentration and polysubstance use: More than a simple "gateway drug" effect?

Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):201-206

Department of Emergency Medicine, St. Luke's University Health Network, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USA.

Introduction: Polysubstance abuse (PSA) is a significant problem affecting our society. In addition to negatively affecting the health and well-being of substance users, alcohol and/or drug abuse is also associated with heavy injury burden. The goal of this study was to determine if elevated serum alcohol (EtOH) levels on initial trauma evaluation correlate with the simultaneous presence of other substances of abuse (SOAs). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ijciis.org/text.asp?2018/8/4/201/247787
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_65_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311963PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

The prevalence of Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) initiation and engagement in treatment among patients with cannabis use disorders in 7 US health systems.

Subst Abus 2019 Jan 18:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

i Institute for Health Research , Kaiser Permanente Colorado , Aurora , Colorado , USA.

Background: Cannabis use disorders (CUDs) have increased with more individuals using cannabis, yet few receive treatment. Health systems have adopted the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) quality measures of initiation and engagement in alcohol and other drug (AOD) dependence treatment, but little is known about the performance of these among patients with CUDs.

Methods: This cohort study utilized electronic health records and claims data from 7 health care systems to identify patients with documentation of a new index CUD diagnosis (no AOD diagnosis ≤60 days prior) from International Classification of Diseases, Ninth revision, codes (October 1, 2014, to August 31, 2015). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1544964DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Triage of Mild Head-Injured Intoxicated Patients Could Be Aided by Use of an Electroencephalogram-Based Biomarker.

J Neurosci Nurs 2019 Apr;51(2):62-66

J. Stephen Huff, MD, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA. John Garrett, MD, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, TX. Rosanne Naunheim, MD, Washington University Barnes Jewish Medical Center, St Louis, MO.

Objective: Drug and alcohol (DA)-related emergency department (ED) visits represent an increasing fraction the head-injured population seen in the ED. Such patients present a challenge to the evaluation of head injury and determination of need for computed tomographic (CT) scan and further clinical path. This effort examined whether an electroencephalogram (EEG)-based biomarker could aid in reducing unnecessary CT scans in the intoxicated ED population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JNN.0000000000000420DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Prevention of alcohol use in older teens: A randomized trial of an online family prevention program.

Psychol Addict Behav 2019 Feb 14;33(1):1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Klein Buendel, Inc.

This study examines effects of a randomized controlled trial for an online, family-based prevention program for older teens, Smart Choices 4 Teens, on alcohol use and related outcomes. Families (N = 411; teen age M = 16.4, SD = 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/adb0000442
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/adb0000442DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367039PMC
February 2019
12 Reads

Mental nerve injury induces novelty seeking behaviour leading to increasing ethanol intake in Wistar rats.

Arch Oral Biol 2019 Mar 7;99:66-72. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Laboratorio de Neurofarmacología Conductual, Unidad Interdisciplinaria en ciencias de la Salud y la Eduación. Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, UNAM, Av De Los Barrios 1, Los Reyes Ixtacala, Hab Los Reyes Ixtacala Barrio de los Árboles/Barrio de los Héroes, 54090 Tlalnepantla, Mexico.

Objective: Dental treatment and orofacial surgeries may induce chronic neuropathic orofacial pain (CNOP). This kind of pain affects adaptability to environmental changes in both model animals and humans. Part of the adaptation process depends on the ability to distinguish between familiar and novel stimuli. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2019.01.004DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Inter-laboratory proficiency results of blood alcohol determinations at clinical and forensic laboratories in Italy.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Feb 28;295:213-218. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: Inter-laboratory proficiency schemes are widely used to control the performance of clinical and forensic toxicology laboratories. In 2016 the Laboratory of Environmental Hygiene and Forensic Toxicology - Venice (Italy) initiated an inter-laboratory proficiency test of blood-alcohol analysis. The number of participating laboratories gradually increased from 26 to 36. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03790738183075
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.12.018DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Study protocol testing toolkit versus usual care for implementation of screening, brief intervention, referral to treatment in hospitals: a phased cluster randomized approach.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2018 Dec 27;13(1):28. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Indiana University School of Nursing, 600 Barnhill Drive, NU 132, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA.

Background: Alarming rates of unhealthy alcohol, non-prescription drug, and tobacco use highlight the preventable health risks of substance abuse and the urgent need to activate clinicians to recognize and treat risky use. Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is an efficacious and effective processes to identify, reduce and prevent risky use of substances. This paper describes a study protocol testing implementation of a toolkit to enhance use of SBIRT in acute care settings to recognize and address patient risky alcohol, drug, and tobacco use. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13722-018-0130-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307302PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Estimating the public health impact of disbanding a government alcohol monopoly: application of new methods to the case of Sweden.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 22;18(1):1400. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Government alcohol monopolies were created in North America and Scandinavia to limit health and social problems. The Swedish monopoly, Systembolaget, reports to a health ministry and controls the sale of all alcoholic beverages with > 3.5% alcohol/volume for off-premise consumption, within a public health mandate. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6312-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303908PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Liver Transplantation for Severe Alcoholic Hepatitis: Report of a Single Center Pilot Program.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 6;50(10):3527-3532. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Surgery and Comprehensive Transplant Center, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA.

Background: Liver transplantation (LT) can significantly improve mortality for severe alcoholic hepatitis (AH). However, this practice remains controversial. Our aim is to report the findings from our institution regarding outcomes for LT in severe AH and to discuss the results of a pilot program for discharging selected patients with close follow-up, in order to demonstrate sustained outpatient sobriety before listing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00411345183120
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.08.057DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads

Evaluating Surveillance for Excessive Alcohol Use in New Mexico.

Prev Chronic Dis 2018 12 20;15:E161. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Epidemiology and Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Purpose And Objectives: Prevalence of excessive alcohol use and alcohol-attributable mortality is much higher in New Mexico than in other US states. In 2010, excessive alcohol use cost the state roughly $2.2 billion. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd15.180358DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307833PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Frequency, risk factors and symptomatology of iatrogenic withdrawal from opioids and benzodiazepines in critically Ill neonates, children and adults: A systematic review of clinical studies.

J Clin Pharm Ther 2019 Apr 19;44(2):148-156. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Faculté de Pharmacie, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

What Is Known And Objective: Many critically ill patients are exposed to opioids and benzodiazepines at high doses for prolonged periods, and upon discontinuation of these drugs, they may be at risk for iatrogenic withdrawal. Although this syndrome was associated with worse outcomes in the critically ill, limited guidance exists regarding its evaluation, prevention and treatment. This systematic review examined the frequency, risk factors and symptomatology of iatrogenic withdrawal from opioids and/or benzodiazepines in critically ill neonates, children and adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jcpt.12787
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpt.12787DOI Listing
April 2019
17 Reads

Association between alcoholic interventions and abstinence rates for alcohol use disorders: A meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(50):e13566

Department of Clinical Psychology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China.

Objective: The aim of present study is to quantitatively evaluate the association between different interventions and abstinence rates based on network meta-analysis.

Method: Following PRISMA guidelines, randomized clinical trials that compared different alcoholic interventions for alcohol use disorders associated with abstinence rates in treatment sessions or/and follow-up sessions were recruited. Main data synthesis was performed by Bayesian random-effects network meta-analyses, and the relative ranking of interventions was estimated by cumulative probability P values (SUCRA). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013566DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320082PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Predictive factors associated with driving under the influence among Brazilian drug-using drivers.

Accid Anal Prev 2019 Feb 13;123:256-262. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Center for Drug and Alcohol Research, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Rua Professor Álvaro Alvim, 400, 90420-020, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

The incidence of driving under the influence of psychoactive substances (DUI) and its recidivism can be curtailed by the proper identification of specific and predictive characteristics among drug users. In this sense, interpersonal violence (IV), psychiatric comorbidity and impulsivity seem to play an important role in DUI engagement according to previous studies. There are, however, limited data originated from low and middle income countries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Pitfalls in the triage and evaluation of patients with suspected acute ethanol intoxication in an emergency department.

Intern Emerg Med 2019 Apr 14;14(3):467-473. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, Primary Care and Emergency Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals and Geneva University, Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland.

Acute ethanol intoxication (AEI) is frequent in emergency departments (EDs). These patients are at risk of mistriage, and to leave the ED without being seen. This study's objective was to describe the process and performance of triage and trajectory for patients with suspected AEI. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11739-018-2007-7
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11739-018-2007-7DOI Listing
April 2019
13 Reads

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a Brief Approach and Avoidance of Alcohol Questionnaire.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2019 Feb 15;43(2):353-366. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Psychology , University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Background: The Approach and Avoidance of Alcohol Questionnaire (AAAQ) was developed as a measure of craving to assess both desires to consume and desires to avoid consuming alcohol. Although the measure has been used in a variety of populations to predict future alcohol use behavior, the factor structures observed vary based on sample type (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acer.13939DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436944PMC
February 2019
1 Read

STI Health Disparities: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Effectiveness of Preventive Interventions in Educational Settings.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 12 11;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 2Z4, Canada.

The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to address disparities related to sexual health among students by examining the effectiveness of sexually transmitted infection (STI) preventive interventions in educational settings. PubMed, Medline, Cochrane Library, Public Health Database, and EMBASE databases were used to conduct searches. Information relating to studies, programs, participants, and quantitative outcome variables were extracted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/15/12/2819
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122819DOI Listing
December 2018
29 Reads

Evaluation of a local government "shelter and van" intervention to improve safety and reduce alcohol-related harm.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 12;18(1):1370. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Rural Health, Monash University, PO Box 666, Bendigo, VIC, 3552, Australia.

Background: The entertainment precincts of cities, while contributing to local economies, need to be carefully managed to mitigate harms. Individual behaviours and government regulation have typically been the foci of interventions aimed at reducing alcohol-related harm. Little is known about how changes to the built environment might influence alcohol-related harms in these settings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6245-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292016PMC
December 2018

Admitted to treatment without diagnosis: The status of known diagnoses in US addictions treatment centres.

Int J Drug Policy 2019 Jan 7;63:97-100. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Iowa Consortium for Substance Abuse Research and Evaluation; Department of Psychiatry, Carver College of Medicine; Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, 100 MTP4 Room 102, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Diagnostic and treatment gaps exist for those with substance use disorders (SUD). SUD diagnostics in treatment have been critically under-investigated. We investigated known diagnoses in US addiction treatment centres receiving state or federal funding. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.11.015DOI Listing
January 2019

Distance Versus On-Site Educational Strategies for Competency-Based Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment Education.

J Addict Nurs 2018 Oct/Dec;29(4):E1-E8

Patricia Kelly, PhD, MPH, RN, FNP, Heather J. Gotham, PhD, Sarah Knopf-Amelung, MA-R, Kendall Kohnle, MA, and Araba Kuofie, BA, School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Missouri-Kansas City.

Background: Although the individual and public health consequences of alcohol and drug use are substantial, nursing education programs generally lack content on addiction. The goal of this evaluation was to compare the initial outcomes of on-site versus distance methods for training graduate nurse practitioner students in Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for substance use.

Method: A nonrandomized two-group pretest-posttest design was used to compare knowledge, attitudes, and skills learning outcomes between on-site (n = 45) and distance (n = 18) family or adult/geriatric Master of Science in Nursing nurse practitioner students receiving SBIRT training. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JAN.0000000000000247DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Youth Substance Use Prevention Using Disciplinary Literacy Strategies: A Pilot Study.

J Addict Nurs 2018 Oct/Dec;29(4):235-243

Eunhee Park, PhD, RN, APHN-BC, School of Nursing, University at Buffalo, New York. Bong Gee Jang, PhD, Department of Reading and Language Arts, School of Education, Syracuse University, New York.

Effective health education programs for adolescent substance use prevention need to be developed. However, the evidence supporting the use of specific instructional strategies for youth substance use prevention programs is insufficient. The purpose of this study was to develop and implement a community-based program aiming for smoking, alcohol, and substance use prevention based on multiple disciplinary literacy strategies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JAN.0000000000000253DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Potential of an Interactive Drug Prevention Mobile Phone App (Once Upon a High): Questionnaire Study Among Students.

JMIR Serious Games 2018 Dec 4;6(4):e19. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Institute of Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.

Background: In recent years, drug prevention networks and drug education programs have started using Web-based or mobile phone apps as novel prevention tools, testing their efficacy compared with face-to-face prevention.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the potential of an interactive app called Once Upon a High (VoltEgySzer).

Methods: The app approaches drug prevention from 6 different aspects, and it addresses youngsters with 6 different modules: (1) interactive comics/cartoons, telling stories of recovery; (2) quiz game; (3) roleplay game; (4) introduction of psychoactive drugs; (5) information on the somatic and psychological effects of psychoactive substances; (6) list of available treatment units, rehabs, and self-support groups in Hungary. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/games.9944DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299233PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

The burden of psychiatric illnesses in adult patients with beta-thalassemia: a 5-year nationwide inpatient evaluation in the United States.

Ann Hematol 2019 Apr 28;98(4):851-860. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Behavioral Health, Dekalb Medical Center, 2701 N Decatur Rd, Decatur, GA, 30033, USA.

Beta-thalassemia (ß-thalassemia) is a frequently inherited monogenic disorder worldwide with severe physical and mental health comorbidities. The aim of this study is to evaluate the burden of psychiatric disorders in adult patients hospitalized with ß-thalassemia in the United States (US). We utilized the discharge data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2010 through 2014 to identify hospitalized ß-thalassemia patients who are 18 years and older. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-018-3557-5DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

U.S. county prevalence of retail prescription opioid sales and opioid-related hospitalizations from 2011 to 2014.

Authors:
Robin Ghertner

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 01 15;194:330-335. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 200 Independence Ave, SW, Washington, D.C., 20201, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The role of prescription opioids in the opioid crisis has been well established. How the prevalence of prescription opioids relates to opioid hospitalizations has been understudied. Hospitalizations due to opioids are a distinct indicator of opioid misuse, have cost implications for health care systems, and may be an entry point into substance use treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.10.031DOI Listing
January 2019

A workplace intervention to reduce alcohol and drug consumption: a nonrandomized single-group study.

BMC Public Health 2018 Nov 20;18(1):1281. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut, Functional Nutrition, Oxidation, and Cardiovascular Diseases Group (NFOC-Salut), Health Education and Promotion, Reus, Spain.

Background: The consumption of alcohol and other drugs causes social and health problems in industrialized societies. Furthermore, alcohol and drug consumption in the workplace is associated with work accidents, absenteeism and low productivity. The aim of the current study is to reduce alcohol and drug consumption among workers in the service industry and, as a secondary aim, to improve their healthy habits through the reduction of alcohol and other drug consumption in their leisure time. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6133-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247683PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

A randomized controlled trial and economic evaluation of the Parents Under Pressure program for parents in substance abuse treatment.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 01 3;194:184-194. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: There is growing interest in the provision of parenting support to substance misusing parents.

Methods: This pragmatic, multi-center randomized controlled trial compared an intensive one-to-one parenting program (Parents under Pressure, PuP) with Treatment as Usual (TAU) in the UK. Parents were engaged in community-based substance misuse services and were primary caregivers of children less than 2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03768716183077
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.08.044DOI Listing
January 2019
30 Reads