6,449 results match your criteria Alcohol and Substance Abuse Evaluation


Patient characteristics associated with treatment initiation and engagement among individuals diagnosed with alcohol and other drug use disorders in emergency department and primary care settings.

Subst Abus 2019 Jan 31:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

b Center for Health Research , Kaiser Permanente Northwest , Portland , Oregon , USA.

Background: Treatment initiation and engagement rates for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use disorders differ depending on where the AOD use disorder was identified. Emergency department (ED) and primary care (PC) are 2 common settings where patients are identified; however, it is unknown whether characteristics of patients who initiate and engage in treatment differ between these settings.

Methods: Patients identified with an AOD disorder in ED or PC settings were drawn from a larger study that examined Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) AOD treatment initiation and engagement measures across 7 health systems using electronic health record data (n = 54,321). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1547812DOI Listing
January 2019

A Mixed-Methods Evaluation of the Implementation of a Performance Measurement System for South Africa's Substance Use Treatment Services.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:131-138

Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Objective: Minimal knowledge exists on the factors that affect implementation of performance measurement systems, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). To address this, we describe the implementation of a performance measurement system for South Africa's substance abuse treatment services known as the Service Quality Measures (SQM) initiative.

Method: We conducted a mixed-methods evaluation of system implementation. Read More

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January 2019
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Estimating Service Needs for Alcohol and Other Drug Users According to a Tiered Framework: The Case of the São Paulo, Brazil, Metropolitan Area.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs Suppl 2019 Jan;Sup 18:87-95

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate the need for population-level services for alcohol and other drug abuse in support of local planning.

Method: Data were drawn from a subsample of 2,942 interviewees from the São Paulo Megacity Study, which evaluated mental health in the general population (18 years and older) of residents in the São Paulo metropolitan area. This population was classified into five hierarchical categories of severity, making it possible to obtain estimates of need for services, combining evaluation criteria regarding drug and alcohol use and general and mental health comorbidities over the last 12 months. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Psychiatric comorbidity and Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measures of alcohol and other drug treatment initiation and engagement across 7 health care systems.

Subst Abus 2019 Jan 25:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

a Center for Health Policy and Health Services Research , Henry Ford Health System , Detroit , Michigan , USA.

Background: Psychiatric comorbidity is common among patients with alcohol and other drug (AOD) use disorders. To better understand how psychiatric comorbidity influences AOD treatment access in health care systems, the present study examined treatment initiation and engagement among a large, diverse sample of patients with comorbid psychiatric and AOD use disorders.

Methods: This study utilized data from a multisite observational study examining Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measures of initiation and engagement in treatment (IET) among patients with AOD use disorders from 7 health care systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1545727DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Predictors of Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) treatment initiation and engagement among patients with opioid use disorder across 7 health systems.

Subst Abus 2019 Jan 24:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a Division of Research , Kaiser Permanente Northern California , Oakland , California , USA.

Background: The prevalence of opioid use disorder (OUD) has increased rapidly in the United States and improving treatment access is critical. Among patients with OUD, we examined factors associated with the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) performance measures of alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment initiation and engagement.

Methods: Electronic health record and claims data between October 1, 2014, and August 15, 2015, from 7 health systems were used to identify patients (n = 11,490) with a new index OUD diagnosis (no AOD diagnosis prior <60 days) based on International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 codes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1545729DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Factors associated with Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) alcohol and other drug measure performance in 2014-2015.

Subst Abus 2019 Jan 24:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a Division of Research , Kaiser Permanente Northern California , Oakland , California , USA.

Background: Only 10% of patients with alcohol and other drug (AOD) disorders receive treatment. The AOD Initiation and Engagement in Treatment (AOD-IET) measure was added to the national Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) to improve access to care. This study identifies factors related to improving AOD-IET rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1545728DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The association between medical comorbidity and Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measures of treatment initiation and engagement for alcohol and other drug use disorders.

Subst Abus 2019 Jan 24:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

k Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute , Seattle , Washington , USA.

Background: Medical comorbidity may influence treatment initiation and engagement for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use disorders. We examined the association between medical comorbidity and Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) treatment initiation and engagement measures.

Methods: We used electronic health record and insurance claims data from 7 US health care systems to identify patients with AOD use disorders between October 1, 2014, and August 15, 2015 (N = 86,565). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1545726DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Anti-ulcerogenic activity of dentatin from clausena excavata Burm.f. against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in rats: Possible role of mucus and anti-oxidant effect.

Phytomedicine 2018 Aug 3;55:31-39. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Substance Abuse Research Centre, Jazan University, P.O.Box 114, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Clausena excavata Burm.f. (Rutaceae) has been used for the treatment of stomach disorders including peptic ulcer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2018.06.036DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Exploring the association between initial serum alcohol concentration and polysubstance use: More than a simple "gateway drug" effect?

Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):201-206

Department of Emergency Medicine, St. Luke's University Health Network, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USA.

Introduction: Polysubstance abuse (PSA) is a significant problem affecting our society. In addition to negatively affecting the health and well-being of substance users, alcohol and/or drug abuse is also associated with heavy injury burden. The goal of this study was to determine if elevated serum alcohol (EtOH) levels on initial trauma evaluation correlate with the simultaneous presence of other substances of abuse (SOAs). Read More

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http://www.ijciis.org/text.asp?2018/8/4/201/247787
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_65_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311963PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

The prevalence of Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) initiation and engagement in treatment among patients with cannabis use disorders in 7 US health systems.

Subst Abus 2019 Jan 18:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

i Institute for Health Research , Kaiser Permanente Colorado , Aurora , Colorado , USA.

Background: Cannabis use disorders (CUDs) have increased with more individuals using cannabis, yet few receive treatment. Health systems have adopted the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) quality measures of initiation and engagement in alcohol and other drug (AOD) dependence treatment, but little is known about the performance of these among patients with CUDs.

Methods: This cohort study utilized electronic health records and claims data from 7 health care systems to identify patients with documentation of a new index CUD diagnosis (no AOD diagnosis ≤60 days prior) from International Classification of Diseases, Ninth revision, codes (October 1, 2014, to August 31, 2015). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1544964DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Mental nerve injury induces novelty seeking behaviour leading to increasing ethanol intake in Wistar rats.

Arch Oral Biol 2019 Jan 7;99:66-72. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Laboratorio de Neurofarmacología Conductual, Unidad Interdisciplinaria en ciencias de la Salud y la Eduación. Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, UNAM, Av De Los Barrios 1, Los Reyes Ixtacala, Hab Los Reyes Ixtacala Barrio de los Árboles/Barrio de los Héroes, 54090 Tlalnepantla, Mexico.

Objective: Dental treatment and orofacial surgeries may induce chronic neuropathic orofacial pain (CNOP). This kind of pain affects adaptability to environmental changes in both model animals and humans. Part of the adaptation process depends on the ability to distinguish between familiar and novel stimuli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Study protocol testing toolkit versus usual care for implementation of screening, brief intervention, referral to treatment in hospitals: a phased cluster randomized approach.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2018 Dec 27;13(1):28. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Indiana University School of Nursing, 600 Barnhill Drive, NU 132, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA.

Background: Alarming rates of unhealthy alcohol, non-prescription drug, and tobacco use highlight the preventable health risks of substance abuse and the urgent need to activate clinicians to recognize and treat risky use. Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is an efficacious and effective processes to identify, reduce and prevent risky use of substances. This paper describes a study protocol testing implementation of a toolkit to enhance use of SBIRT in acute care settings to recognize and address patient risky alcohol, drug, and tobacco use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13722-018-0130-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307302PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Estimating the public health impact of disbanding a government alcohol monopoly: application of new methods to the case of Sweden.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 22;18(1):1400. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Government alcohol monopolies were created in North America and Scandinavia to limit health and social problems. The Swedish monopoly, Systembolaget, reports to a health ministry and controls the sale of all alcoholic beverages with > 3.5% alcohol/volume for off-premise consumption, within a public health mandate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6312-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303908PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Liver Transplantation for Severe Alcoholic Hepatitis: Report of a Single Center Pilot Program.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 6;50(10):3527-3532. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Surgery and Comprehensive Transplant Center, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA.

Background: Liver transplantation (LT) can significantly improve mortality for severe alcoholic hepatitis (AH). However, this practice remains controversial. Our aim is to report the findings from our institution regarding outcomes for LT in severe AH and to discuss the results of a pilot program for discharging selected patients with close follow-up, in order to demonstrate sustained outpatient sobriety before listing. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00411345183120
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.08.057DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Evaluating Surveillance for Excessive Alcohol Use in New Mexico.

Prev Chronic Dis 2018 12 20;15:E161. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Epidemiology and Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Purpose And Objectives: Prevalence of excessive alcohol use and alcohol-attributable mortality is much higher in New Mexico than in other US states. In 2010, excessive alcohol use cost the state roughly $2.2 billion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd15.180358DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307833PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Association between alcoholic interventions and abstinence rates for alcohol use disorders: A meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(50):e13566

Department of Clinical Psychology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China.

Objective: The aim of present study is to quantitatively evaluate the association between different interventions and abstinence rates based on network meta-analysis.

Method: Following PRISMA guidelines, randomized clinical trials that compared different alcoholic interventions for alcohol use disorders associated with abstinence rates in treatment sessions or/and follow-up sessions were recruited. Main data synthesis was performed by Bayesian random-effects network meta-analyses, and the relative ranking of interventions was estimated by cumulative probability P values (SUCRA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013566DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320082PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Pitfalls in the triage and evaluation of patients with suspected acute ethanol intoxication in an emergency department.

Intern Emerg Med 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, Primary Care and Emergency Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals and Geneva University, Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland.

Acute ethanol intoxication (AEI) is frequent in emergency departments (EDs). These patients are at risk of mistriage, and to leave the ED without being seen. This study's objective was to describe the process and performance of triage and trajectory for patients with suspected AEI. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11739-018-2007-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11739-018-2007-7DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a Brief Approach and Avoidance of Alcohol Questionnaire.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2019 Feb 15;43(2):353-366. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Psychology , University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Background: The Approach and Avoidance of Alcohol Questionnaire (AAAQ) was developed as a measure of craving to assess both desires to consume and desires to avoid consuming alcohol. Although the measure has been used in a variety of populations to predict future alcohol use behavior, the factor structures observed vary based on sample type (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acer.13939DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

STI Health Disparities: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Effectiveness of Preventive Interventions in Educational Settings.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 12 11;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 2Z4, Canada.

The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to address disparities related to sexual health among students by examining the effectiveness of sexually transmitted infection (STI) preventive interventions in educational settings. PubMed, Medline, Cochrane Library, Public Health Database, and EMBASE databases were used to conduct searches. Information relating to studies, programs, participants, and quantitative outcome variables were extracted. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/15/12/2819
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122819DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads

Evaluation of a local government "shelter and van" intervention to improve safety and reduce alcohol-related harm.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 12;18(1):1370. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Rural Health, Monash University, PO Box 666, Bendigo, VIC, 3552, Australia.

Background: The entertainment precincts of cities, while contributing to local economies, need to be carefully managed to mitigate harms. Individual behaviours and government regulation have typically been the foci of interventions aimed at reducing alcohol-related harm. Little is known about how changes to the built environment might influence alcohol-related harms in these settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6245-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292016PMC
December 2018

Admitted to treatment without diagnosis: The status of known diagnoses in US addictions treatment centres.

Int J Drug Policy 2019 Jan 7;63:97-100. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Iowa Consortium for Substance Abuse Research and Evaluation; Department of Psychiatry, Carver College of Medicine; Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, 100 MTP4 Room 102, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Diagnostic and treatment gaps exist for those with substance use disorders (SUD). SUD diagnostics in treatment have been critically under-investigated. We investigated known diagnoses in US addiction treatment centres receiving state or federal funding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.11.015DOI Listing
January 2019

Distance Versus On-Site Educational Strategies for Competency-Based Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment Education.

J Addict Nurs 2018 Oct/Dec;29(4):E1-E8

Patricia Kelly, PhD, MPH, RN, FNP, Heather J. Gotham, PhD, Sarah Knopf-Amelung, MA-R, Kendall Kohnle, MA, and Araba Kuofie, BA, School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Missouri-Kansas City.

Background: Although the individual and public health consequences of alcohol and drug use are substantial, nursing education programs generally lack content on addiction. The goal of this evaluation was to compare the initial outcomes of on-site versus distance methods for training graduate nurse practitioner students in Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for substance use.

Method: A nonrandomized two-group pretest-posttest design was used to compare knowledge, attitudes, and skills learning outcomes between on-site (n = 45) and distance (n = 18) family or adult/geriatric Master of Science in Nursing nurse practitioner students receiving SBIRT training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JAN.0000000000000247DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Youth Substance Use Prevention Using Disciplinary Literacy Strategies: A Pilot Study.

J Addict Nurs 2018 Oct/Dec;29(4):235-243

Eunhee Park, PhD, RN, APHN-BC, School of Nursing, University at Buffalo, New York. Bong Gee Jang, PhD, Department of Reading and Language Arts, School of Education, Syracuse University, New York.

Effective health education programs for adolescent substance use prevention need to be developed. However, the evidence supporting the use of specific instructional strategies for youth substance use prevention programs is insufficient. The purpose of this study was to develop and implement a community-based program aiming for smoking, alcohol, and substance use prevention based on multiple disciplinary literacy strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JAN.0000000000000253DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Potential of an Interactive Drug Prevention Mobile Phone App (Once Upon a High): Questionnaire Study Among Students.

JMIR Serious Games 2018 Dec 4;6(4):e19. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Institute of Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.

Background: In recent years, drug prevention networks and drug education programs have started using Web-based or mobile phone apps as novel prevention tools, testing their efficacy compared with face-to-face prevention.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the potential of an interactive app called Once Upon a High (VoltEgySzer).

Methods: The app approaches drug prevention from 6 different aspects, and it addresses youngsters with 6 different modules: (1) interactive comics/cartoons, telling stories of recovery; (2) quiz game; (3) roleplay game; (4) introduction of psychoactive drugs; (5) information on the somatic and psychological effects of psychoactive substances; (6) list of available treatment units, rehabs, and self-support groups in Hungary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/games.9944DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299233PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

The burden of psychiatric illnesses in adult patients with beta-thalassemia: a 5-year nationwide inpatient evaluation in the United States.

Ann Hematol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Behavioral Health, Dekalb Medical Center, 2701 N Decatur Rd, Decatur, GA, 30033, USA.

Beta-thalassemia (ß-thalassemia) is a frequently inherited monogenic disorder worldwide with severe physical and mental health comorbidities. The aim of this study is to evaluate the burden of psychiatric disorders in adult patients hospitalized with ß-thalassemia in the United States (US). We utilized the discharge data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2010 through 2014 to identify hospitalized ß-thalassemia patients who are 18 years and older. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-018-3557-5DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

A workplace intervention to reduce alcohol and drug consumption: a nonrandomized single-group study.

BMC Public Health 2018 Nov 20;18(1):1281. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut, Functional Nutrition, Oxidation, and Cardiovascular Diseases Group (NFOC-Salut), Health Education and Promotion, Reus, Spain.

Background: The consumption of alcohol and other drugs causes social and health problems in industrialized societies. Furthermore, alcohol and drug consumption in the workplace is associated with work accidents, absenteeism and low productivity. The aim of the current study is to reduce alcohol and drug consumption among workers in the service industry and, as a secondary aim, to improve their healthy habits through the reduction of alcohol and other drug consumption in their leisure time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6133-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247683PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

A randomized controlled trial and economic evaluation of the Parents Under Pressure program for parents in substance abuse treatment.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 Jan 3;194:184-194. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: There is growing interest in the provision of parenting support to substance misusing parents.

Methods: This pragmatic, multi-center randomized controlled trial compared an intensive one-to-one parenting program (Parents under Pressure, PuP) with Treatment as Usual (TAU) in the UK. Parents were engaged in community-based substance misuse services and were primary caregivers of children less than 2. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03768716183077
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.08.044DOI Listing
January 2019
23 Reads

Responses to Commentaries by Miller (2018) and Buvik and Rossow (2018).

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Sep;79(5):684-685

Paula Stanghetta & Associates Inc., Kitchener, Ontario, Canada.

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September 2018
2 Reads

Results of a Randomized Trial of Web-Based Retail Onsite Responsible Beverage Service Training: WayToServe.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Sep;79(5):672-679

Paula Stanghetta & Associates Inc., Kitchener, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Research in Responsible Beverage Service (RBS) training indicates that such training can prevent over-service of alcohol and reduce drunk driving. However, reviews of the RBS literature suggest that the quality of training methods and the stability of implementation are important factors in determining RBS training effectiveness. Most RBS classes have been taught live, where the quality of instruction varies across instructors and classes, and the stability of the implementation of an RBS curriculum is variable. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240009PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Shyness, social anxiety, social anxiety disorder, and substance use among normative adolescent populations: A systematic review.

Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2018 Nov 13:1-18. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

b Population Health and Optimal Health Practices Branch , CHU de Québec Research Centre , Québec, QC , Canada.

Researchers have increasingly studied shyness, social anxiety, and social anxiety disorder (SAD) as potential precursors of substance use.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to review the relationships between these variables and tobacco use, alcohol use, and cannabis/drug use in normative adolescent populations and the extent to which these associations differ by gender.

Methods: A systematic search in PsycINFO and PubMed was conducted, reference screening was performed, and five experts were consulted. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00952990.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00952990.2018.1536882DOI Listing
November 2018
25 Reads

Evaluating the Long-Term Effectiveness of School-Based Depression, Anxiety, and Substance Use Prevention Into Young Adulthood: Protocol for the Climate School Combined Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2018 Nov 6;7(11):e11372. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

National Health and Medical Research Council Centre of Research Excellence in Mental Health and Substance Use, National Drug & Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Mental health and substance use disorders are the leading causes of global disability in children and youth. Both tend to first onset or escalate in adolescence and young adulthood, calling for effective prevention during this time. The Climate Schools Combined (CSC) study was the first trial of a Web-based combined universal approach, delivered through school classes, to prevent both mental health and substance use problems in adolescence. Read More

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https://www.researchprotocols.org/2018/11/e11372/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11372DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6246975PMC
November 2018
7 Reads

Tracking Assault-injured, Drug-using Youth in Longitudinal Research: Follow-up Methods.

Acad Emerg Med 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

University of Michigan Injury Prevention Center, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI.

Objectives: Violence is one of the leading causes of death among youth ages 14 to 24. Hospital- and emergency department (ED)-based violence prevention programs are increasingly becoming a critical part of public health efforts; however, evaluation of prevention efforts is needed to create evidence-based best practices. Retention of study participants is key to evaluations, although little literature exists regarding optimizing follow-up methods for violently injured youth. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/acem.13495
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acem.13495DOI Listing
October 2018
16 Reads

Night beds in psychosocial attention care centers for alcohol and drugs: analysis and characterization.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 5):2251-2257

Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia. Santo Antônio de Jesus, Bahia, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze and characterize the use of night beds in a Psychosocial Attention Care Center for Alcohol and Drugs (Centro de Atenção Psicossocial Álcool e Drogas - CAPS ad).

Method: It is a quantitative, documental, descriptive and retrospective study. Data were gathered from 565 medical records. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2018-0149DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Preclinical Evaluation of the First Adenosine A Receptor Partial Agonist Radioligand for Positron Emission Tomography Imaging.

J Med Chem 2018 Nov 13;61(22):9966-9975. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Laboratory of Neuroimaging , National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health , Bethesda , Maryland 20892-1013 , United States.

Central adenosine A receptor (AR) is implicated in pain, sleep, substance use disorders, and neurodegenerative diseases, and is an important target for pharmaceutical development. Radiotracers for AR positron emission tomography (PET) would enable measurement of the dynamic interaction of endogenous adenosine and AR during the sleep-awake cycle. Although several human AR PET tracers have been developed, most are xanthine-based antagonists that failed to demonstrate competitive binding against endogenous adenosine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.8b01009DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads
5.450 Impact Factor

Identifying substance use risk based on deep neural networks and Instagram social media data.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2019 Feb 24;44(3):487-494. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Center for Technology and Behavioral Health, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, 03755, USA.

Social media may provide new insight into our understanding of substance use and addiction. In this study, we developed a deep-learning method to automatically classify individuals' risk for alcohol, tobacco, and drug use based on the content from their Instagram profiles. In total, 2287 active Instagram users participated in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41386-018-0247-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6333814PMC
February 2019
18 Reads

Effectiveness of Integrated Dual Diagnosis Treatment (IDDT) in severe mental illness outpatients with a co-occurring substance use disorder.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2018 Dec 29;95:35-42. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Arkin, Amsterdam, Klaprozenweg 111, 1033 NN Amsterdam, The Netherlands; VU University of Amsterdam, Clinical Psychology, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Integrating substance use disorder treatment with psychiatric treatment is considered more favourable then treating these disorders parallel or sequential, but the evidence base is inconclusive. We examined the effectiveness of Integrated Dual Diagnosis Treatment (IDDT) on substance use in severe mental illness outpatients with substance use disorders. IDDT is a collaborative, multidisciplinary team approach in which motivational interviewing is a key element. Read More

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https://www.journalofsubstanceabusetreatment.com/issue/S0740
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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07405472183021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2018.09.005DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads

Individual-, family-, and school-level interventions targeting multiple risk behaviours in young people.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 10 5;10:CD009927. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol, UK, BS8 2PS.

Background: Engagement in multiple risk behaviours can have adverse consequences for health during childhood, during adolescence, and later in life, yet little is known about the impact of different types of interventions that target multiple risk behaviours in children and young people, or the differential impact of universal versus targeted approaches. Findings from systematic reviews have been mixed, and effects of these interventions have not been quantitatively estimated.

Objectives: To examine the effects of interventions implemented up to 18 years of age for the primary or secondary prevention of multiple risk behaviours among young people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009927.pub2DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

[What works in selective prevention of alcohol and cannabis use among vulnerable young people?]

Rev Esp Salud Publica 2018 Oct 8;92. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona. Barcelona. España.

Objective: Selective prevention tackle vulnerable factors associated to problem consumption and social exclusion. There are few effective programs in our context. Study aims were first to identify selective programs of alcohol and cannabis consumption for youths between 16-21, and second, to review intervention, evaluation and effects quality. Read More

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October 2018

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Use of State-Operated Inpatient Substance Abuse Services, 2004-2005 Versus 2010-2011.

Psychiatr Serv 2018 Oct 5:appips201600003. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Dr. Cruza-Guet is with the University of Pennsylvania Graduate School of Education, Philadelphia. Dr. Flanagan and Dr. Davidson are with the Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. Ms. Tharnish, Ms. Boynton, and Dr. Delphin-Rittmon are with the Officer of the Commissioner, Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services (CT DMHAS), Hartford. Ms. Boynton is also with the Office of Multicultural Health Equity, CT DMHAS.

Objective:: This study examined ethnic-racial differences in referral source, length of stay, legal status, and diagnosis in state-operated substance abuse inpatient treatment in Connecticut.

Methods:: Data from 2004-2005 (N=1,484) and from 2010-2011 (N=4,529) were investigated with regression analyses.

Results:: At both time points, African Americans were more likely than other groups to be referred by criminal justice sources, Hispanics were more likely than whites to be referred by other sources, and whites were more likely than African Americans to have emergency-crisis admissions; length of stay was shorter for Hispanics than for whites and longer for African Americans than for whites and Hispanics; and Hispanics were less likely than other groups to have an alcohol use disorder, more likely than other groups to have a drug use disorder, and more likely than whites to receive a discharge diagnosis of a personality disorder from cluster B. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201600003DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Dynamic signatures: A review of dynamic feature variation and forensic methodology.

Forensic Sci Int 2018 Oct 29;291:216-229. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

School of Criminal Justice, University of Lausanne, Bâtiment BCH, Quartier Sorge, 1015 Lausanne-Dorigny, Vaud, Switzerland.

This article focuses on dynamic signatures and their features. It provides a detailed and critical review of dynamic feature variations and circumstantial parameters affecting dynamic signatures. The state of the art summarizes available knowledge, meant to assist the forensic practitioner in cases presenting extraordinary writing conditions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03790738183063
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.08.021DOI Listing
October 2018
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Cholecalciferol in ethanol-preferring rats muscle fibers increases the number and area of type II fibers.

Acta Histochem 2018 Nov 14;120(8):789-796. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Anatomy, Institute of Biosciences, São Paulo State University, Botucatu, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

The chronic use of ethanol causes neuropathy and atrophy of type II fibers and promotes vitamin D decrease. This study evaluated cholecalciferol effects on the deep fibular nerve and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle using an UChB ethanol-preferring rats model. Blood analyses were carried out to measure levels of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D), calcium (Ca), Phosphorus (P), and parathyroid hormone (PTH). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acthis.2018.09.004DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Safety and tolerability of sauna detoxification for the protracted withdrawal symptoms of substance abuse.

J Int Med Res 2018 Nov 13;46(11):4480-4499. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Chestnut Global Partners, Chestnut Health Systems, Martin Luther King Drive, Bloomington, Illinois, USA.

Objective: Protracted drug withdrawal symptoms can last months or years after drug cessation, often precipitating a return to substance misuse. We evaluated the safety and preliminary health benefits of a unique chemical exposure regimen based on exercise, sauna and therapeutic nutrients.

Methods: This was a prospective evaluation of 109 individuals sequentially enrolled into a sauna detoxification component of a multi-modal, long-term residential substance abuse treatment centre. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060518779314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6259397PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

Double standards and gold standards in the evaluation of how a person feels and functions in substance use disorder pharmacotherapy trials.

Authors:
Katie Witkiewitz

Addiction 2019 Jan 11;114(1):17-18. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Psychology, Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14421DOI Listing
January 2019

Efficacy of a mobile phone-based life-skills training program for substance use prevention among adolescents: study protocol of a cluster-randomised controlled trial.

BMC Public Health 2018 Sep 10;18(1):1102. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Swiss Research Institute for Public Health and Addiction, Zurich University, Konradstrasse 32, 8005, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Life-skills trainings conducted within the school curriculum are effective in preventing the onset and escalation of substance use among adolescents. However, their dissemination is impeded due to their large resource requirements. Life-skills training provided via mobile phones might represent a more economic and scalable approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5969-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6131936PMC
September 2018
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Health-related quality of life and associated factors in adults living with HIV in Rwanda.

SAHARA J 2018 12;15(1):110-120

b Faculty of Community and Health Sciences , University of the Western Cape , Cape Town , South Africa.

In Rwanda, as in other sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, life expectancy of people living with HIV (PLWH) has increased dramatically as a result of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). People living with HIV can now live longer but with increasing rates of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Thus, prevention of NCD comorbidities in PWLHI is crucial to maintain and gain health-related benefits and to maximise the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in the long-term management of PLWH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17290376.2018.1520144DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6136357PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial of Prazosin for Alcohol Use Disorder.

Am J Psychiatry 2018 Aug 29:appiajp201817080913. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

From the Center of Excellence in Substance Abuse Treatment and Education and the Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle; the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle; and the Seattle Institute for Biomedical and Clinical Research, Seattle.

Objective: Current medications for alcohol use disorder do not target brain noradrenergic pathways. Theoretical and preclinical evidence suggests that noradrenergic circuits may be involved in alcohol reinforcement and relapse. After a positive pilot study, the authors tested the α-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist prazosin to treat alcohol use disorder in a larger sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2018.17080913DOI Listing

Self Help Plus: study protocol for a cluster-randomised controlled trial of guided self-help with South Sudanese refugee women in Uganda.

Glob Ment Health (Camb) 2018 13;5:e27. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Exposure to armed conflict and forced displacement constitute significant risks for mental health. Existing evidence-based psychological interventions have limitations for scaling-up in low-resource humanitarian settings. The WHO has developed a guided self-help intervention, Self Help Plus (SH+), which is brief, implemented by non-specialists, and designed to be delivered to people with and without specific mental disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/gmh.2018.17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6094406PMC
August 2018
4 Reads