3,625 results match your criteria Alcohol and Alcoholism [Journal]


Association of Biological Markers of Alcohol Consumption and Self-Reported Drinking with Hippocampal Volume in a Population-Based Sample of Adults.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Jun 21. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd. Dallas, TX, USA.

Aims: The current study examined a large community cohort to understand relationships between indicators of alcohol consumption and hippocampal volume.

Short Summary: Alcohol use measures were not associated with hippocampal volume in a population-based sample. However, alcohol consumption was associated with hippocampal volume reduction in subsets of the sample including subjects aged ≥50 years old, and those with none to moderate levels of depressive symptoms. Read More

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Selective Blockade of T-Type Ca2+ Channels is Protective Against Alcohol-Withdrawal Induced Seizure and Mortality.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Jun 15. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, 1 Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA.

Aims: We have previously demonstrated that blockade of T-type calcium channels by the non-selective antagonist, ethosuximide (ETX), is effective at reducing electrographical and behavioral correlates of alcohol-withdrawal (WD) seizure. Here, we investigated whether blockade of these calcium channels with the selective antagonist TTA-P2 also reduces alcohol-WD seizure.

Short Summary: The non-specific T-type calcium channel antagonist, ETX, is protective against alcohol-WD seizure. Read More

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Religiosity, Guilt, Altruism and Forgiveness in Alcohol Dependence: Results of a Cross-sectional and Prospective Cohort Study.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Apr 18. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Schwabachanlage 6, D-91054 Erlangen, Germany.

Aims: To compare religious denomination, religiosity, guilt, altruism and forgiveness between alcohol-dependent patients and healthy control subjects and to prospectively investigate their relationship to the disorder's 24-month course following in-patient withdrawal treatment.

Method: This study in Franconia (a mainly Christian protestant region of southern Germany) applied six questionnaires to evaluate religiosity, guilt, altruism and forgiveness in 166 alcohol-dependent in-patients during withdrawal and compared findings with that of 240 healthy controls.

Results: Compared to controls religious denomination was more frequently reported by the patients (OR = 1. Read More

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Leptin Expression and Gene Methylation Patterns in Alcohol-Dependent Patients with Ethyltoxic Cirrhosis-Normalization After Liver Transplantation and Implications for Future Research.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Jun 15. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Department of Psychiatry, Social Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Hanover Medical School, 30625 Hanover, Germany.

Aims: Liver transplantation is the only curative treatment available for patients with end-stage alcoholic liver disease. As different studies showed a significant association between leptin plasma levels, gene methylation patterns and the extent of craving in alcohol-dependent patients, we investigated the effect of liver transplantation on leptin expression and promoter methylation.

Short Summary: The present study shows that in alcohol-dependent patients with liver cirrhosis leptin is significantly higher before liver transplantation and decreases significantly after transplantation. Read More

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Seeking Help for Harm from Others' Drinking in Five Asian Countries: Variation Between Societies, by Type of Harm and by Source of Help.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Jun 13. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, 35 Bouverie St., Carlton VIC, Australia.

Aims: This study aims to measure the prevalence rates and patterns of help-seeking behavior as a consequence of being harmed by drinkers in five Asian countries (India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Lao PDR and Thailand).

Methods: A total of 9832 respondents aged 18-65 years from the WHO/ThaiHealth Collaborative Project were surveyed between 2012 and 2014 about their experiences of being negatively affected due to another's drinking, and whether and where they sought help, focusing on four adverse aspects of harms from others' drinking.

Results: The prevalence of seeking help from any source in the past year due to harm from others' drinking ranged from 7% to 20%. Read More

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Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention in Police Custody Suites: Pilot Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial (AcCePT).

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Jun 8. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Institute of Health & Society, Newcastle University, Baddiley Clark Building, Richardson Road, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK.

Aims: There is a clear association between alcohol use and offending behaviour and significant police time is spent on alcohol-related incidents. This study aimed to test the feasibility of a trial of screening and brief intervention in police custody suites to reduce heavy drinking and re-offending behaviour.

Short Summary: We achieved target recruitment and high brief intervention delivery if this occurred immediately after screening. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Oral Binge-Like Ethanol Pre-Exposure During Juvenile/Adolescent Period Attenuates Ethanol-Induced Conditioned Place Aversion in Rats.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Jun 8. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, 42 W Warren Ave, Detroit, MI, USA.

Aims: To determine if oral ethanol self-administration produces a conditioned place preference (CPP) and to determine if ethanol pre-exposure conditions during the juvenile/adolescent period alter the conditioned effects of ethanol and subsequent ethanol self-administration.

Short Summary: Modified conditioned place preference paradigm allowed rats to orally self-administer ethanol followed by short duration exposure to conditioning chambers. Ethanol produced a conditioned place aversion even though rats self-administered ethanol following the final conditioning test. Read More

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Dual Trajectories of Depression/Anxiety Symptoms and Alcohol Use, and their Implications for Violence Outcomes Among Drug-Using Urban Youth.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May 26. Epub 2018 May 26.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, E Medical Center Dr, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

Aim: To examine dual trajectories of anxiety/depression symptoms and alcohol use among drug-using youth seeking care from an urban emergency department (ED), their baseline correlates and co-occurring trajectories of severe violence.

Short Summary: There were five characteristic dual trajectories of alcohol use and depression/anxiety symptoms. Community violence exposure was highest among individuals with high-depression/anxiety symptom trajectories. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Ethyl Glucuronide in Alcoholic Beverages.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May 26. Epub 2018 May 26.

Department of Legal Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Toxicology, Hamburg 22529, Germany.

Aims: This study examines the biomarker ethyl glucuronide (EtG) in various alcoholic beverages.

Short Summary: The biomarker EtG was consistently found to be a natural compound of wine, whereas it was not detected in any of the other tested alcoholic beverages, which included various distilled spirits, liqueurs and beer of different types and geographical origins.

Methods: Alcoholic beverages (n = 114) were analyzed by a validated liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry assay. Read More

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Soluble Klotho and Brain Atrophy in Alcoholism.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May 26. Epub 2018 May 26.

Servicio de Medicina Interna, Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain.

Aim: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF-23) and α-Klotho (Klotho) levels may be altered in inflammatory conditions, possibly as compensatory mechanisms. Klotho exerts a protective effect on neurodegeneration and improves learning and cognition. No data exist about the association of Klotho and FGF-23 levels with brain atrophy observed in alcoholics. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

A Need for Tailored Programs and Policies to Reduce Rates of Alcohol-related Crimes for Vulnerable Communities and Young People: An Analysis of Routinely Collected Police Data.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May 26. Epub 2018 May 26.

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC), University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.

Background And Aims: Given ongoing community concern about high rates of alcohol-related crimes (ARCs) experienced by disadvantaged populations, a more specific and nuanced understanding of factors associated with ARCs would help inform the development of more sophisticated programs and policies aimed at reducing ARCs. This study estimates rates of ARCs across all communities in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, using routinely collected police data; investigates whether there are differences between communities; and identifies individual and community characteristics that are significantly associated with higher rates of ARCs.

Short Summary: This study analysed routinely collected police data in New South Wales, Australia, to identify individual and community characteristics associated with alcohol-related crimes. Read More

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A Systematic Review of the Efficacy of Alcohol Interventions for Incarcerated People.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May 10. Epub 2018 May 10.

School of Health in Social Science, Edinburgh University, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK.

Aim: The aim of this current study was to systematically review the literature on brief alcohol interventions for incarcerated individuals to ascertain the efficacy or effectiveness in making changes to either consumption of alcohol or other social outcomes.

Short Summary: Levels of risky drinking and dependency are high amongst incarcerated individuals. Eleven studies from nine articles were included in the systematic review. Read More

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Biochemical Effects on the Liver of 1 Month of Alcohol Abstinence in Moderate Alcohol Consumers.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May 3. Epub 2018 May 3.

Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Geert-Grooteplein Zuid 10, 6500 HB Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Short Summary: In this study in healthy moderate alcohol consumers, we observe that one month of alcohol abstinence results in decreased gamma-glutamyl transferase levels, which return to baseline levels after resumption of alcohol consumption. Read More

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Corrigendum: Comparing and Combining Topiramate and Aripiprazole on Alcohol-Related Outcomes in a Human Laboratory Study.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Apr 27. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

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Therapist-Client Interactions in Motivational Interviewing: The Effect of Therapists' Utterances on Client Change Talk.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9NL, UK.

Aims: Motivational Interviewing is an effective treatment for a range of problematic behaviours, however, previous studies have revealed substantial variability in the effectiveness of therapists. Curiously, the specific behaviours which contribute to positive outcomes have rarely been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate hypothesised relationships between therapists' utterances and clients' change talk by analysing interactions sampled from the United Kingdom Alcohol Treatment Trial (UKATT). Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Insomnia in Alcohol-Dependent Patients: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Acamprosate Effect: An Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 30. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Statistics Department, Faculty of Economics, University of Louvain, 181 chaussée de Binche, B-7000 Mons, Belgium.

Aims: The prevalence of insomnia ranges from 36% to 91% in alcohol-dependent patients and may persist after alcohol withdrawal. Acamprosate has been shown to decrease insomnia in abstinent patients. Based on a large clinical trial database, the aim of the present study is to assess the efficacy of acamprosate in reducing insomnia, and if indeed it does reduce insomnia, to better understand its action mechanism. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Predictors of Alcohol Withdrawal Readmissions.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 30. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Division of General Internal Medicine, Erie County Medical Center, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, 462 Grider Street, Buffalo, NY 14215, USA.

Aims: Hospital readmissions serve as a major benchmark for the quality of care and alcohol withdrawal (AW) may lead to multiple hospitalizations and readmissions. We sought to evaluate readmission rates and predictors of having AW-related readmissions in a nationally representative sample.

Short Summary: In a nationally representative sample, AW readmission within 30 days and multiple readmissions during the year were high and were particularly predicted by discharge against medical advice (AMA), comorbid psychosis, comorbid depression, poor socioeconomic status, comorbid drug abuse and alcohol-related medical disease. Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

What Happens After Treatment? Long-Term Effects of Continued Substance Use, Psychiatric Problems and Help-Seeking on Social Status of Alcohol-Dependent Individuals.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 30. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute, 6001 Shellmound Street, Suite 450 Emeryville, CA 94608-1010, USA.

Purpose: We examined whether alcohol-dependent individuals with sustained substance use or psychiatric problems after completing treatment were more likely to experience low social status and whether continued help-seeking would improve outcomes.

Short Summary: Ongoing alcohol, drug and psychiatric problems after completing treatment were associated with increased odds of low social status (unemployment, unstable housing and/or living in high-poverty neighborhood) over 7 years. The impact of drug problems declined over time, and there were small, delayed benefits of AA attendance on social status. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

A Declaration of Independence: Implicit Alcohol Associations Have Independent, not Interactive, Relationships with Alcohol Consumption and AUD Risk.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 27. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Washington, 1100 NE 45th Street, Suite 300, Seattle, WA 98105, USA.

Aims: The current study aimed to test for potential interactive effects of three implicit alcohol-related associations (drinking identity, alcohol approach and alcohol excitement) in predicting concurrent and prospective alcohol consumption and risk of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in two samples of the US undergraduate drinkers and non-drinkers.

Short Summary: We investigated the independent and interactive effects of three implicit associations on alcohol consumption and risk of AUD in two US undergraduate student samples. We found that implicit associations had independent but not interactive effects on concurrent and subsequent alcohol consumption and risk of AUD in two independent samples. Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

Psychosocial Factors Associated with Problem Drinking Among Substance Users with Poorly Controlled HIV Infection.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 27. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Aims: We aimed to identify psychosocial factors related to problem drinking among patients with poorly controlled human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

Short Summary: We aimed to identify psychosocial factors related to problem drinking among those with poorly controlled HIV infection. Increased levels of interpersonal conflict were associated with greater severity of alcohol problems. Read More

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March 2018
5 Reads

Real-time monitoring using a breathalyzer-based eHealth system can identify lapse/relapse patterns in alcohol use disorder patients.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 24. Epub 2018 Mar 24.

Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Uppsala University, Box 591, Uppsala 751 24, Sweden.

Aim: We introduce a new remote real-time breathalyzer-based method for monitoring and early identification of lapse/relapse patterns for alcohol use disorder (AUD) patients using a composite measure of sobriety, the Addiction Monitoring Index (AMI).

Methods: We constructed AMI from (a) obtained test results and (b) the pattern of ignored tests using data from the first 30 patients starting in the treatment arms of two on-going clinical trials. The patients performed 2-4 scheduled breath alcohol content (BrAC)-tests per day presented as blood alcohol content (BAC) data. Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

Follow-Up Data Improve the Estimation of the Prevalence of Heavy Alcohol Consumption.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 24. Epub 2018 Mar 24.

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Jyvaskyla, 40014, Finland.

Aims: We aim to adjust for potential non-participation bias in the prevalence of heavy alcohol consumption.

Methods: Population survey data from Finnish health examination surveys conducted in 1987-2007 were linked to the administrative registers for mortality and morbidity follow-up until end of 2014. Utilising these data, available for both participants and non-participants, we model the association between heavy alcohol consumption and alcohol-related disease diagnoses. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

The Mutual Relationship Between Men's Drinking and Depression: A 4-Year Longitudinal Analysis.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 17. Epub 2018 Mar 17.

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, 82 Gukwondae-ro, Chungju, Republic of Korea.

Aims: The purpose of the current study was to examine the longitudinal reciprocal relationship between depression and drinking among male adults from the general population.

Methods: This study used a panel dataset from the Korean Welfare Panel (from 2011 to 2014). The subjects were 2511 male adults aged between 20 and 65 years. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Advertising Content, Platform Characteristics and the Appeal of Beer Advertising on a Social Networking Site.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 15. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Connecticut Institute for Clinical and Translational Science, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, 263 Farmington Ave., MC 6022, Farmington, CT 06030, USA.

Aims: The current study was conducted to investigate how changes in the content of a social media ad, user engagement values associated with the ad and user-generated comments (UGCs) associated with the ad can influence the appeal (i.e. source appeal, informational appeal and emotional appeal) of a social media ad. Read More

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March 2018
4 Reads

Confusion in Sobriety: A Case Study on Disulfiram Encephalopathy in a Middle-Aged Male Patient.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 13. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Alcohol and Drug Dependence Unit, Department of General Adult Psychiatry, Castle Peak Hospital, 15 Tsing Chung Koon Road, Tuen Mun, New Territories, Hong Kong.

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March 2018
2 Reads

A Life Course Approach to Understanding Racial/Ethnic Differences in Transitions Into and Out of Alcohol Problems.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 13. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute, 6001 Shellmound St., Suite 450, Emeryville, CA 94608, USA.

Aims: Alcohol problems are most prevalent in young adulthood and decrease thereafter, but some studies find that racial/ethnic minorities have elevated alcohol risk beyond the 20s. This study examines racial/ethnic differences in the transitions into and out of alcohol problems, and whether these are explained by heavy drinking (HD), socioeconomic disadvantages and adult role transitions from the 20s to 30s.

Short Summary: Racial/ethnic groups had similar risks for earlier onset and recurrence/persistence of alcohol problems, but Blacks were at significantly greater risk than Whites for later onset in the 30s. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Impact of Alcohol on HIV Disease Pathogenesis, Comorbities and Aging: Integrating Preclinical and Clinical Findings.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 13. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Comprehensive Alcohol-HIV/AIDS Research Center and Alcohol and Drug Abuse Center of Excellence, LSUHSC, 1901 Perdido St., New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.

Alcohol's multisystemic effects impact HIV disease pathogenesis and increase the risk for comorbidities in persons living with HIV (PLWH). The increased number of aging PLWH increases the potential for alcohol to enhance the risk for comorbidities. Integration of epidemiological, preclinical and translational studies provide an overarching view of the impact of heavy alcohol consumption on HIV risk, pathogenesis, treatment and burden of disease. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

The Medical Council on Alcohol's 50th Anniversary Witness Seminar.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 3. Epub 2018 Mar 3.

Centre for History in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London C1H 9SH, UK.

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March 2018
1 Read

Evaluating Within-Person Change In Implicit Measures Of Alcohol Associations: Increases In Alcohol Associations Predict Increases In Drinking Risk And Vice Versa.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar 1. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Psychology, University of Houston, 126 Heyne Building, Houston, TX 77204-5502, USA.

Aims: Implicit measures of alcohol associations (i.e. measures designed to assess associations that are fast/reflexive/impulsive) have received substantial research attention. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

PNPLA3 Association with Alcoholic Liver Disease in a Cohort of Heavy Drinkers.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Feb 21. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, 2nd Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

Aims: Prior studies have established variation at the PNPLA3gene to be associated with a risk of developing alcoholic liver disease (ALD). We attempt to replicate this finding and other potential genetic variations previously associated with ALD utilizing a case-control design in a cohort of subjects with alcohol use disorders.

Short Summary: This case-control study performed in a US clinical sample of heavy drinkers, replicates the previously reported association between ALD and rs738409 polymorphism in the PNPLA3gene in heavy drinkers. Read More

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February 2018
1 Read

Carbohydrate Deficient Transferrin in Patients with Cirrhosis: A Tale of Bridges.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May;53(3):350-351

Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, University Hospitals KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.

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May 2018
4 Reads

Reply: Carbohydrate Deficient Transferrin in Patients with Cirrhosis: A Tale of Bridges.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May;53(3):351-352

Addiction Sciences Division, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA.

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May 2018
1 Read

Survey Estimates of Changes in Alcohol Use Patterns Following the 2012 Privatization of the Washington Liquor Monopoly.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Feb 8. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute, 6001 Shellmound Ave, Suite 450, Emeryville, CA 94608, USA.

Aims: The US state of Washington's 333 state-run liquor stores were privatized on 1 June 2012 and purchases began in ~1500 licensed stores of a variety of types. A regime of taxes and fees was implemented to replace the revenues generated by the state stores and, 1 year later, the beer tax was reduced by two thirds. This study evaluates the impact of these changes on total alcohol and spirits consumption in a retrospective pre-test design. Read More

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February 2018
1 Read

Association Analysis Between Genetic Variation in GATA Binding Protein 4 (GATA4) and Alcohol Use Disorder.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Feb 5. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

Section on Clinical Genomics and Experimental Therapeutics, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Drive (10CRC), Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Aims: Previous genetic association studies have shown that variation in the GATA4 gene encoding the GATA binding protein 4, a binding protein that binds to the ANA sequence GATA, increase susceptibility for alcohol use disorder (AUD). In this study, we aimed to replicate those findings in an independent sample and analyze their association with anxiety.

Methods: Overall, 1044 individuals with AUD [534 European American (EA), 510 African Americans (AA)] and 645 controls [413 EA, 232 AA] were genotyped using 34 markers. Read More

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February 2018
3 Reads

Patient Satisfaction as a Moderator of Risky Alcohol Consumers' Attitude Towards Screening and Brief Intervention: A Cross Sectional Survey.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Jan 25. Epub 2018 Jan 25.

Medical Faculty, Institute for General Practice and Family Medicine,University of Halle-Wittenberg, Magdeburger Str. 8, 06112 Halle/Saale, Germany.

Aims: Although shown to be effective, General Practitioners (GPs) tend to refuse the implementation of Screening and Brief Intervention (SBI). Their expectation of negative response by patients seems to contrast with the positive attitude towards SBI of these patients. This discrepancy may be resolved by regarding moderators such as drinking status and patient satisfaction. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Living Donor Liver Transplantation for Alcoholic Liver Disease.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar;53(2):178-183

Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, Box 0780, 505 Parnassus Avenue, M884, San Francisco, CA 94117, USA.

Aims: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is now a well-recognized indication for liver transplantation. This paper reviews existing literature on living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for ALD and presents data from a single, high volume United States liver transplant center.

Methods: For the literature review, a PubMed search was undertaken using the search terms 'living donor' and 'alcoholic liver disease'. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Transplanting Patients with Alcohol-related Liver Disease in the National Health System: New Rules and Decisions.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar;53(2):145-150

Clinical Director of Hepatology and Liver Transplantation, The Liver Unit, Nuffield House, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Mindelsohn Way, Birmingham B15 2GW, UK.

Aims: The UK has a socialized healthcare system that provides treatment that is free at the point of care for acute and chronic health disorders (the National Health Service-NHS), which is currently experiencing a period of unprecedented challenge.

Methods: A narrative review that discusses present and future arrangements for transplantation of alcohol-related liver disease (ArLD) in the UK.

Results: Liver disease in the UK is reaching epidemic proportions due to obesity and metabolic disease compounding alcohol-mediated liver damage. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Alcohol Content in the 'Hyper-Reality' MTV Show 'Geordie Shore'.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May;53(3):337-343

UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies, Department for Health, University of Bath, 1 W 5.124, Calverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, UK.

Aim: To quantify the occurrence of alcohol content, including alcohol branding, in the popular primetime television UK Reality TV show 'Geordie Shore' Series 11.

Methods: A 1-min interval coding content analysis of alcohol content in the entire DVD Series 11 of 'Geordie Shore' (10 episodes). Occurrence of alcohol use, implied use, other alcohol reference/paraphernalia or branding was recorded. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Self-Reported Knowledge, Correct Knowledge and use of UK Drinking Guidelines Among a Representative Sample of the English Population.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Jan 17. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

ScHARR, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield, S1 4DA, UK.

Aims: Promotion of lower risk drinking guidelines is a commonly used public health intervention with various purposes, including communicating alcohol consumption risks, informing drinkers' decision-making and, potentially, changing behaviour. UK drinking guidelines were revised in 2016. To inform potential promotion of the new guidelines, we aimed to examine public knowledge and use of the previous drinking guidelines, including by population subgroup. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Commentary on 'Communicating Messages About Drinking': Using the 'Big Legal Guns' to Block Alcohol Health Warning Labels.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May;53(3):333-336

Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, La Trobe University, Plenty Road, Bundoora, Melbourne, Victoria 3086, Australia.

Like the tobacco industry, the alcohol industry, with the support of governments in alcohol exporting nations, is looking to international trade and investment law as a means to oppose health warning labels on alcohol. The threat of such litigation, let alone its commencement, has the potential to deter all but the most resolute governments from implementing health warning labeling. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Commentary: Alcohol and Alcoholism Special Issue on 'Alcohol and Liver Transplantation'.

Authors:
Helmut K Seitz

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Mar;53(2):133-134

Centre of Alcohol Research (CAR), University of Heidelberg and Department of Medicine, Salem Medical Centre, Zeppelinstr. 11-33, D-69121 Heidelberg, Germany.

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March 2018
2 Reads

Changing Collective Social Norms in Favour of Reduced Harmful Use of Alcohol: A Review of Reviews.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May;53(3):326-332

Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, CAMH, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 2S1.

Background: Public sector bodies have called for policies and programmes to shift collective social norms in disfavour of the harmful use of alcohol. This article aims to identify and summarize the evidence and propose how policies and programmes to shift social norms could be implemented and evaluated.

Design: Review of reviews for all years to July 2017. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Treatment for Alcohol Dependence in Primary Care Compared to Outpatient Specialist Treatment-A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 Jan 16. Epub 2018 Jan 16.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Stockholm Health Care Services, Riddargatan 1, Mottagningen för alkohol och hälsa, Riddargatan 1, 11435 Stockholm, Sweden.

Aim: To investigate if treatment for alcohol dependence in primary care is as effective as specialist addiction care.

Method: Randomized controlled non-inferiority trial, between groups parallel design, not blinded. The non-inferiority limit was set to 50 grams of alcohol per week. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Proscriptive vs. Prescriptive Health Recommendations to Drink Alcohol Within Recommended Limits: Effects on Moral Norms, Reactance, Attitudes, Intentions and Behaviour Change.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May;53(3):344-349

Department of Psychology and Counselling, Bishop Otter Campus, College Lane, Chichester PO19 6PE, UK.

Aims: Health advice can be framed in terms of prescriptive rules (what people should do, e.g. you should drink alcohol within recommended limits) or proscriptive rules (what people should not do, e. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Effects of Alcohol Cues on MRS Glutamate Levels in the Anterior Cingulate.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May;53(3):209-215

Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA.

Growing evidence suggests that glutamate neurotransmission plays a critical role in alcohol addiction. Cue-induced change of glutamate has been observed in animal studies but never been investigated in humans. This work investigates cue-induced change in forebrain glutamate in individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Judgement of Breath Alcohol Concentration Levels Among Pedestrians in the Night-Time Economy-A Street-Intercept Field Study.

Alcohol Alcohol 2018 May;53(3):245-250

School of Psychology, Faculty of Health, Deakin University Geelong, Locked Bag 20001, Geelong, Victoria 3220, Australia.

Aims: To evaluate how well people in the night-time economy can assess their own breath alcohol concentration (BrAC), in the context of a change in breath alcohol limits for driving.

Methods: We conducted a field study of 242 participants over 5 nights in the central business district of a university town in New Zealand. Participants completed a short survey, which included questions on their self-reported level of intoxication and the self-estimated BrAC. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads