4,029 results match your criteria Alcohol And Alcoholism[Journal]

Active Cigarette Smoking Is Associated With Increased Age-Related Decline on Measures of Visuospatial Learning and Memory and Executive Function in Alcohol Use Disorder.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Mental Illness Research and Education Clinical Centers (MIRECC), Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA.

Aims: The goal of this study was to determine if active cigarette smoking in Veterans with alcohol use disorder (AUD) was associated with greater age-related neurocognitive decline.

Methods: Veterans with AUD, in residential treatment (n = 125; 47 ± 14 years of age, min = 24, max = 76, 29 ± 26 days of abstinence), completed measures of executive functions, learning and memory, processing speed and working memory. Actively smoking AUD (AsAUD, n = 47) were active daily cigarette smokers; former smoking AUD (FsAUD, n = 45) were predominately daily smokers prior to study but did not smoke at the time of study; non-smoking AUD (NsAUD, n = 33) never used cigarettes or smoked 'only a few times' during lifetime. Read More

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Identifying Alcohol Use Disorder in Patients With Cirrhosis Reduces 30-Days Readmission Rate.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Aims: Readmission is frequent among patients with cirrhosis and is a complex multifactorial process. To examine the association of alcohol use disorder (AUD) and risk of readmission in patients with alcohol-associated cirrhosis.

Methods And Results: National Readmission Dataset (2016-2017) was used to extract a retrospective cohort of 53,348 patients with primary or secondary discharge diagnosis code of alcohol-associated cirrhosis with their first admission (26,674 patients with vs. Read More

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Are Lower-Strength Beers Gateways to Higher-Strength Beers? Time Series Analyses of Household Purchases from 64,280 British Households, 2015-2018.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 May 5. Epub 2022 May 5.

Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, 6200 MD, Netherlands.

Aims: Buying and consuming no- (per cent alcohol by volume, ABV = 0.0%) and low- (ABV = >0.0% and ≤ 3. Read More

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Longitudinal Correlates of Increased Alcohol Use Among Adolescents and Young Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Apr 30. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic Health System, 1221 Whipple St., Eau Claire, WI, 54703, USA.

Aims: The objective of this study is to longitudinally assess sociodemographic and psychological correlates of increased alcohol use during the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) period among adolescents and young adults.

Methods: Pre-COVID period is defined as the 1-year period on or before 31 March 2020, and during-COVID period is defined as the period from 1st April 2020 to 30 March 2021. Univariable logistic regression models are used to evaluate the association of demographic characteristics, Area Deprivation Index (ADI), rurality, changes in Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale severity, and the risk of increased alcohol consumption (binge drinking, number of drinks and drinking regularity) from pre-COVID to during-COVID period. Read More

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Alcohol Intake Influences the Occurrence and Progression of Periodontitis Differently According to Sex and Country Sociodemographic Development: A Two-Stage Systematic Review.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Apr 26. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Stomatology, Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Emphasis on Periodontics, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul 97015-900, Brazil.

Aims: To conduct an overview and systematic evaluation of prospective cohort studies on whether alcohol intake is associated with the incidence and progression of periodontitis.

Methods: Nine databases were searched by two independent reviewers up to November 2021 according to prespecified eligibility criteria. Risk of Bias in Systematic Reviews and Risk of Bias in Non-Randomized Studies of Interventions were used for risk of bias assessment and certainty of evidence was assessed using the GRADE approach. Read More

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The Effects of Menstrual Cycle Hormones on Responses to Varenicline and Naltrexone Among Female Heavy Drinking Smokers.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Apr 25. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Aims: Women often experience poorer smoking cessation outcomes in comparison to men. Menstrual cycle phase and sex hormones may influence smoking behavior and alter response to opioid antagonist medications. Less is known about the effects of sex hormones in response to pharmacotherapy for female heavy drinking smokers. Read More

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Preferences for Delivering Brief Alcohol Intervention to Risky Drinking Parents in Children's Social Care: A Discrete Choice Experiment.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Apr 21. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Population Health Sciences Institute, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4AX, UK.

Aims: Many parents in contact with children's social care services misuse alcohol however do not meet the threshold for specialist alcohol treatment, and typically do not receive appropriate support for their needs. Brief alcohol interventions have been found to be effective in healthcare settings, however, it is unknown whether the brief intervention structure delivered within health settings would transfer well into children's social care. This paper aims to examine the characteristics of brief intervention for alcohol misusing parents which social care practitioners consider to be important and acceptable to implement in this sector. Read More

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Deriving a Measure of Social Recovery Capital From the Important People and Activities Instrument: Construction and Psychometric Properties.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 May;57(3):322-329

Washington University in St. Louis, Department of Psychiatry, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Aim: This study presents a measure of Social Recovery Capital (SRC) derived from the Important People and Activities instrument (IPA).

Methods: The sample comprised young adults who participated in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism, a high-risk family study of alcohol use disorder (N = 2472). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis identified influential items and factor structure, adjusting for family relatedness. Read More

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Alcohol Consumption: Medical Implications, the Liver and Beyond.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 May;57(3):283-291

Departamento de Gastroenterología, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago 8330024, Chile.

Alcohol consumption represents a major factor of morbidity and mortality, with a wide range of adverse medical implications that practically affect every organ system. It is the fifth major cause of deaths in men and women and causes up to 139 million disability-adjusted life years. Solid evidence places the risk as undoubtedly correlated to the length of time and amount of alcohol consumption. Read More

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Patterns and Correlates of Polysubstance Use Among Individuals With Severe Alcohol Use Disorder.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Mar 21. Epub 2022 Mar 21.

Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, 800 East Leigh Street, Box 980126, Richmond, VA 23298, USA.

Aim: The present study examined patterns and correlates of polysubstance use among individuals with severe alcohol use disorder (AUD).

Methods: Participants were 2785 individuals (63% female; mean age = 43 years, range = 18-78 years) from the Genes, Addiction and Personality Study. All participants met lifetime criteria for severe AUD (6+ symptoms). Read More

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Service Users' Views and Experiences of Alcohol Relapse Prevention Treatment and Adherence: New Role for Pharmacists?

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Mar 15. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Addictions Department, National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Aims: To understand service users' views and experiences of alcohol relapse prevention medication, views of a telephone behavioural modification intervention delivered by pharmacists and the use of Contingency Management (CM) to support acamprosate adherence following assisted alcohol withdrawal.

Methods: Four focus groups were conducted within four alcohol treatment and recovery groups across England (UK), with service users with lived experience of alcohol dependence (26 participants). Semi-structured topic guide was used to explore participants' views and experiences of alcohol relapse prevention medication, a telephone behavioural modification medication intervention delivered by pharmacists, and the use of CM to support acamprosate adherence. Read More

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Relationships among Alcohol Drinking Patterns, Macronutrient Composition, and Caloric Intake: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2017-2018.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Mar 12. Epub 2022 Mar 12.

University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Department of Biobehavioral Health Sciences, Philadelphia, 19014 PA, USA.

Background: Excessive alcohol consumption is associated with poor diet. Mixed reports in literature, so far, emphasize on the detailed understanding of relationships between diet composition and binge drinking at different drinking thresholds.

Objective: We examined the association of alcohol consumption thresholds with macronutrient composition, caloric intake and anthropometric measures from the NHANES 2017-2018 dataset. Read More

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A Scoping Review of Gender, Sex and Sexuality Differences in Polysubstance Use in Adolescents and Adults.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 May;57(3):292-321

Department of Psychiatry, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.

Background: Polysubstance use is a common, problematic behavior that increases risk of harm to self and others. Research suggests that rates may vary based on gender, sex and sexuality. Understanding the current state of this literature may inform prevention and treatment of polysubstance use, leading to reduced public health burden. Read More

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Rat Model of Late Gestational Alcohol Exposure Produces Similar Life-Long Changes in Thalamic Nucleus Reuniens Following Moderate- Versus High-Dose Insult.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Mar 8. Epub 2022 Mar 8.

Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA.

Aims: Recent studies have recognized that thalamic nucleus reuniens (Re) undergoes substantial neuron loss following alcohol exposure (AE) during the brain growth spurt (BGS). As all previous studies have utilized high-dose AE paradigms, we tested whether moderate-dose AE is capable of damaging Re to a similar degree as high-dose AE.

Methods: We used a rat model of third-trimester binge AE (relative to human pregnancy) to administer ethanol to rat pups at either a high (5. Read More

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A Meta-Regression of Trial Features Predicting the Effects of Alcohol Use Disorder Pharmacotherapies on Drinking Outcomes in Randomized Clinical Trials: A Secondary Data Analysis.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Mar 1. Epub 2022 Mar 1.

Department of Psychology, University of California, 502 Portola Plaza, Los Angeles, California 90095 USA.

Aims: To test whether two critical design features, inclusion criteria of required pre-trial abstinence and pre-trial alcohol use disorder (AUD) diagnosis, predict the likelihood of detecting treatment effects in AUD pharmacotherapy trials.

Methods: This secondary data analysis used data collected from a literature review to identify randomized controlled pharmacotherapy trials for AUD. Treatment outcomes were selected into abstinence and no heavy drinking. Read More

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Incorporating Social Networks and Event-Specific Information in a Personalized Feedback Intervention to Reduce Drinking Among Young Adults.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 May;57(3):378-384

Department of Psychology, University of Houston, 126 Heyne Bldg, Houston, TX 77204-5022, USA.

Aims: To correct risky alcohol use among young adults, current personalized feedback interventions (PFIs) use social influence information related to distal referent groups. Although current PFIs have been effective, little consideration has been given to strategies applying more concrete sources of social influence, namely the influence of specific people within one's social network during actual drinking contexts. The current study evaluated a novel PFI, providing feedback regarding the presence or absence of particular individuals within a participant's close network along with the number of drinks consumed and consequences experienced during several specific drinking occasions. Read More

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Predicting the Impact of Alcohol Taxation Increases on Mortality-A Comparison of Different Estimation Techniques.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Feb 25. Epub 2022 Feb 25.

Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Ursula Franklin Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2S1, Canada.

Aims: To examine how standard analytical approaches to model mortality outcomes of alcohol use compare to the true results using the impact of the March 2017 alcohol taxation increase in Lithuania on all-cause mortality as an example.

Methods: Four methodologies were used: two direct methodologies: (a) interrupted time-series on mortality and (b) comparing predictions based on time-series modeling with the real number of deaths for the year following the implementation of the tax increase; and two indirect methodologies: (c) combining a regression-based estimate for the impact of taxation on alcohol consumption with attributable-fraction methodology and (d) using price elasticities from meta-analyses to estimate the impact on alcohol consumption before applying attributable-fraction methodology.

Results And Conclusions: While all methodologies estimated reductions in all-cause mortality, especially for men, there was substantial variability in the level of mortality reductions predicted. Read More

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February 2022

Corrigendum to: A Comparison Between Ecological Momentary Assessment and the Adapted-Quick Drinking Screen: Alcohol Mixed With Energy Drinks.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Mar;57(2):273

Psychological Sciences Research Group, University of the West of England, Bristol BS16 1QY, UK.

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Social Threat Reduces Alcohol Consumption among College Students.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Feb 4. Epub 2022 Feb 4.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of California, Merced, CA 95340, USA.

Aims: Past research suggests that people report a greater desire to consume alcohol when they experience social threat-or threats to their social selves, such as social exclusion. Nevertheless, experimental research on the role of social threat in alcohol consumption is limited. The present study examined the causal relationship between social threat and wine consumption. Read More

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February 2022

A Comparison Between Ecological Momentary Assessment and the Adapted-Quick Drinking Screen: Alcohol Mixed With Energy Drinks.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Jan 17. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

Aims: To compare alcohol consumption and risk-taking behaviours on alcohol mixed with energy drink (AMED) and alcohol-only (AO) drinking occasions collected via ecological momentary assessment (EMA) versus retrospective survey methods (adapted-Quick Drinking Screen: a-QDS).

Methods: Completing participants were 52 university students who reported AMED consumption during the 30-day data collection period. Alcohol consumption and risk-taking behaviours were captured for recreational AMED and AO consumption occasions using a smartphone-based app across 30 days. Read More

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January 2022

Racial/Ethnic and Gender Differences in Risk of Injury and Life-Course Drinking Patterns: Data from US National Alcohol Surveys.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 May;57(3):340-346

Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute, 6001 Shellmound St., Suite 450, Emeryville, CA 94608, USA.

Aims: To estimate risk of injury associated with frequency of drinking and heavy drinking (5+ drinks on occasion) by gender and race/ethnicity in the US population.

Methods: Data were from a merged sample of two National Alcohol Surveys (telephone and web-based) (2014-2015 and 2019-2020) on 16,639 respondents, and analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models with age as the timescale in a retrospective cohort design. Life-course drinking was determined by age of onset and questions on any drinking and heavy drinking by decade of life. Read More

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The Role of Parental Control and Support in Declining Adolescent Drinking: A Multi-Level Study Across 30 European Countries.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Jan 7. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, La Trobe University, Melbourne 3083, Australia.

Background: Adolescent drinking has declined in many high-income countries since the early 2000s. It has been suggested that changing parenting practices may have contributed to the decline. However, previous studies investigating parenting have focused on single countries and have provided conflicting evidence. Read More

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January 2022

Participation in Canadian Managed Alcohol Programs and Associated Probabilities of Emergency Room Presentation, Hospitalization and Death: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Alcohol Alcohol 2022 Mar;57(2):246-260

Vancouver Coastal Health Authority, 200-520 West 6th Avenue, Vancouver, BC V5Z 4H5, Canada.

Introduction: Managed Alcohol Programs (MAPs) are designed to improve health and housing outcomes for unstably housed people with an alcohol use disorder (AUD). The present study assesses the association of MAP participation with healthcare and mortality outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study assessed health outcomes for 205 MAP participants and 128 controls recruited from five Canadian cities in 2006-2017. Read More

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Exposure to Parental Alcohol Use Is Associated with Adolescent Drinking Even When Accounting for Alcohol Exposure of Best Friend and Peers.

Alcohol Alcohol 2021 Dec 24. Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, La Trobe University, NR1 Building, Melbourne VIC 3086, Australia.

Aims: To further disentangle the role of exposure to drinking of role models (parents, peers, best friends) in the development of young adolescent alcohol use, the current study examined (a) whether parent's alcohol use exposure was associated with alcohol use outcomes among adolescents and (b) whether this association remained significant when including best friend and peer drinking exposure.

Methods: A longitudinal study followed 765 adolescents from the Netherlands over 3 years. Adolescents (45. Read More

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December 2021

Bone Mineral Density, Bone Microarchitecture and Vertebral Fractures in Male Patients with Alcohol Use Disorders.

Alcohol Alcohol 2021 Dec 22. Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Department of and Endocrinology and Metabolism, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India.

Aim: To investigate abnormalities in bone mineral density, trabecular bone score and vertebral fractures in male patients with alcohol use disorder to understand the impact on bone health.

Methods: The study subjects included 134 male patients. Controls were 134 age matched healthy males. Read More

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December 2021

Association Between Functional and Structural Brain Connectivity of the Default Mode Network in Non-treatment Seeking Individuals With Alcohol Use Disorder.

Alcohol Alcohol 2021 Dec 21. Epub 2021 Dec 21.

Department of Addictive Behavior and Addiction Medicine, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Quadrat J 5, 68159 Mannheim, Germany.

Aims: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is associated with alterations within the default mode network (DMN) at rest. Also, impaired white matter structures have been observed in individuals with AUD. This study developed a workflow for examining the relation between functional and structural connectivity, exemplary for nodes of the DMN within a sample of non-treatment seeking individuals with AUD. Read More

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December 2021