15,813 results match your criteria Akusherstvo i ginekologiia[Journal]


[Labial fusion in postmenopausal women--a clinical case].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 1:42-8

Labial fusion is benign genital disorder, which more frequent in children at 6 years old and less in women in reproductive and postmenopausal age. It can be congenital or acquired condition. Its etiology is unclear. Read More

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September 2016
2 Reads

[A case of isolated massive presacral lymphatic metastasis in stage I uterine cervical cancer].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 1:38-42

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September 2016

The role of laparoscopy in the case of suspected advanced ovarian cancer (ascites, CA-125)].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 1:29-37

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September 2016

[COMORBIDITIES IN PATIENTS WITH ONCOGYNECOLOGICAL CANCER].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 1:25-8

Comorbidities may directly affect the prognosis of the disease of interest or may indirectly affect the prognosis by affecting the choice of treatment. The aim of this study is to determine comorbidities in pacients with gynecological cancer. The study included 100 consecutive pacients for the period 01. Read More

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September 2016

[RECONSTRUCTIVE AND COSMETIC SURGERY IN TREATMENT OF VULVAR CANCER].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 1:23-5

Unlabelled: The aim of our research work was to show our results in the field of reconstructive and cosmetic surgery for vulvar cancer.

Material And Methods: We evaluated 18 patients for 10 years period.

Results: We applied all surgical techniques that are possible at the moment in the world: laps from mons pubis, rhomboid flaps, myocutaneous flaps from gluteal region. Read More

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September 2016

[ADHERING TO MEDICAL STANDARTS, EVIDENCE-BASED STAGING IN GYNECOLOGICAL CANCER].

Authors:
G Chakalova

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 1:19-22

Among the key factors that influence the survival of patients is adherence to medical treatment standards. Indicators are assessing the degree of adherence to medical standards and represent the relative shares (%) of patients who fulfilled the relevant aspect of any subject. Data from the BNCR of 9842 cases of patients with malignant diseases of the female reproductive diagnosed in 2011-2013 in Bulgaria has been analyzed. Read More

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September 2016

[PRIMARY CYTOREDUCTIVE SURGERY VERSUS NEOADJUVANT CHEMOTHERARY IN TREATMENT OF ADVANCED OVARIAN CANCER (STAGE III C-IV). OUR AND FOREIGN EXPERIENCE].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 1:16-9

Introduction: The advanced ovarian cancer usually have bad prognosis. The main methods for treatment of these types of tumors are: primary cytoreductive surgery and platin-based chemotherapy.

Aim: Our aim was to evaluate our and foreign experience in treatment of advanced ovarian cancer stage III C--IV treated by neodjuvant chemotherapy followed by cytoreductive surgery and patients treated by primary cytoreductive surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. Read More

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September 2016

[OBESITY AND GYNECOLOGICAL CANCER].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 1:12-5

An analysis of 329 patients with gynecological cancer, 120 of them were without obesity and 209 of them were with obesity. Only 36.47% of the cases were with normal weight. Read More

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September 2016
1 Read

[LAPAROSCOPIC PELVIC LYMPNADENECTOMY OF EARLY ENDOMETRIAL CANCER].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 1:10-2

Lymphadenectomy has traditionally been performed using large incisions during laparotomy. Since the initial report by Dargent and colleagues in the late 1980s, laparoscopic lymphadenectomy has been utilized in the management of gynecologic malignancies. After Dargent's description of the first pelvic lymphadenectomy performed laparoscopically, Nezhat et al. Read More

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September 2016
6 Reads

[COMPARISON OF LAPAROSCOPIC ASSISTED VAGINAL HYSTERECTOMY AND VAGINAL HYSTERECTOMY FOR BENIGN DISEASES AND LESIONS OF THE FEMALE GENITAL SYSTEM].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 1:4-10

Objective: To compare the efficacy of laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) and vaginal hysterectomy (VH) carried out on the occasion of non-malignant diseases and lesions of the female genital system, by assessing the: operative time, price, blood loss, hospital stay, intra and postoperative complications, satisfaction of the patient.

Materials And Methods: The study included 187 women aged 38-71 years, with hysterectomy with or without salpingo-oophorectomy by LAVH-58 (31%) women or VH-129 (69%) women, on the occasion of non-malignant diseases and lesions of the female genital system. The patients are including in the study groups according to including and excluding criteria. Read More

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September 2016

[THE ROLE OF MOTHER'S MILK AND BREAST FEEDING. MEDICAL PROBLEMS DURING THE LACTATION PERIOD LACTOBACILUS FERMENTUM--A NEW APPROACH TOWARDS THE PREVENTION AND THE TREATMENT OF ACUTE AND SUBACUTE MASTITIS].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(3):47-52

Breast feeding provides a lot of short and long-term benefits for the mother and the baby. It prevents the baby of gastrointestinal, urinary and respiratory infections, atopical conditions and assures long-term protection of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. The breast feeding decreases the risk for the mother of ovary and breast carcinoma and creates a positive emotional bond between the mother and the baby Mother's milk is a species specific; its content is relatively stable regardless of mother's age race, way and place of living. Read More

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September 2016
2 Reads

[LAPAROSCOPIC TREATMENT OF PRIMARY ABDOMINAL PREGNANCY: A CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(3):43-7

Abdominal pregnancies are 1.4% of all ectopic pregnancies. They are mostly complicated and usually managed by laparotomy, but laparoscopy is an alternative method which some surgeons perform instead of laparotomy, especially in early pregnancy. Read More

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September 2016

[LOCALLY ADVANCED CERVICAL CANCER IN THE PUERPERIUM--CASE REPORT].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(3):39-42

The cervical cancer is the most common gynaecological neoplasma during pregnancy. The average frequency during pregnancy and 1 year post partum is around 1 case per 2 200 pregnancies. The authors present a case of locally advanced cervical cancer (IV stage), diagnosed 30 days after Cesarean section. Read More

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September 2016

[DISSEMINATED PERITONEAL LEYOMYOMATOSIS AFTER LAPAROSCOPIC MORCELLATION--A CASE REPORT].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(3):36-9

We presented a case of 41-year-old patient underwent two laparoscopic Myomectomies and current laparotomy regarding suspection of necrotic leiomyoma. Intraoperative finding was suggestive of disseminated malignancy, but gefrir study showed benign smooth muscle tumors. The patient underwent total hysterectomy with right adnesectomy and total omentectomy. Read More

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September 2016
7 Reads

[PREGNANCY AND DELIVERY IN A PATIENT WITH CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(3):34-5

We report a case of a 34 years old primigravida with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTD). The course of pregnancy was uneventful with no deterioration of symptoms due to the disease. Performed amniocentesis showed healthy fetus. Read More

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September 2016
4 Reads

[BENEFITS AND RISKS AT IMPLEMENTATION OF PROPHILACTIC VACCINES FOR CERVICAL CANCER].

Authors:
V Zlatkov P Kostova

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(3):28-33

The aim of this review is to present the benefits and risks of the implementation of prophylactic vaccines for cervical cancer. The classical understanding of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and its role for the cervical oncogenesis, as well as, the place of prophylactic HPV vaccines are discussed. Results concerning the effectiveness of vaccines 10 years after their introduction and data about their safety are presented. Read More

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September 2016

[CALCIUM LEVELS IN URINE SAMPLE IN PREGNANT WOMEN WITH PREECLAPMSIA].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(3):26-8

Hypertensive disorders during pregnancy are still leading cause for maternal and perinatal death. Calcium metabolism is impaired significantly in women with preeclampsia. Measurement of calcium levels in 24 hours urine sample is easy, modern, fast and not expensive predictive test to reveal women in high risk of developing preeclampsia in late pregnancy. Read More

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September 2016

[ANTENATAL APPLICATION OF CORTICOSTEROIDS IN LATE PRETERM BIRTHS].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(3):24-6

The aim of the following study is to present the current evidence of antenatal use of corticoids in premature birth. The benefits of antenatal use of corticosteroids after 34 week of gestation is still a process of discussion. Read More

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September 2016
2 Reads

[LAPAROSCOPIC BURCH COLPOSUSPENSION WITH PARAVAGINAL REPAIR].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(3):21-3

Genuine urinary stress incontinence (GUSI) is defined by the International Continence Society (ICS) as involuntary loss of urine coincident with increased intra-abdominal pressure in the absence of a detrusor contraction or an over-distended bladder. If the patient demonstrates a cystocele secondary to a paravaginal defect, a paravaginal defect repair should be performed before the colposuspension. The laparoscopic retropubic colposuspension gained popularity because of its reported advantages of improved visualization, shorter hospital stay, faster recovery and decreased blood loss. Read More

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September 2016
3 Reads

[POSSIBILITIES AND LIMITATIONS ANALYSIS OF SCREENING IN PREGNANT WOMEN FOR DOWN SYNDROME AND OTHER COMMON CHROMOSOMAL DISORDERS OVER A PERIOD OF TWO YEARS].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(3):14-20

Maternal biochemical screening and the new non-invasive prenatal screening tests as well as prenatal diagnostic tests as tools to fight serious chromosomal diseases have their possibilities and limitations. The article presents analysis of the results in 7 201 pregnant women: 4426 first trimester and 2775 second trimester biochemical screening, together with 994 calculated integrated risks performed in the Laboratory of medical genetics in 2013 and 2014 year. A matter of mass screening in both periods is the criterion of efficiency--financially justified reasons on the basis of comparison "sensitivity" of different approaches. Read More

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September 2016

[INFLUENCE OF STIMULATION PROTOCOL ON MATURITY AND MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF OOCYTES IN PATIENTS WITH LOW OVARIAN RESERVE: STUDY OF 72 IVF/ICSI TREATMENT CYCLES].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(3):10-3

Unlabelled: The current study presents the results of a retrospective and prospective observation of the maturity and morphological features of the oocytes and the way they are influenced by the therapeutic approaches and the protocol for controlled ovarian hypersimulation (COH) in patients with low ovarian reserve.

Materials And Methods: The study includes 184 oocytes, derived from 72 patients with low ovarian reserve involved in an infertility treatment program through in vitro fertilization from February 2011 to February 2014. The applied therapeutic approaches and COH protocols are microdose agonist short protocol, antagonist short protocol, mild stimulation protocol and natural cycle in vitro fertilization. Read More

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September 2016
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[NEW APPROACH IN DIAGNOSTIC ALGORITHM OF AN INFECTIOUS AGENTS (PARVOVIRUS B19 AND CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS) INVOLVED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PATHOLOGICAL PREGNANCY].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(3):30-9

Unlabelled: Viral infections during pregnancy, along with some form of accompanying pregnancy diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, kidney and others, are a major cause of arising complications and mortality of mother and fetus.

Aim: To improved the laboratory diagnostic approach in the study of women with pathological pregnancy, including improve treatment and prognostic character of the outcome of pregnancy, with the inclusion of two infectious agent parvovirus B19 and Chlamydia trachomatis. To determine types of anemia in pregnant women with parvovirus B19 and Chlamydia trachomatis infection and to select the correct therapeutic approach. Read More

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September 2016
1 Read

[LAPAROSCOPIC TREATMENT OF INTRALIGAMENTAL LEIOMYOMA PER MAGNA].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(1):66-8

Uterine myoma is the most frequent benign tumor of female organs. Intraligamentary myomas in the broad ligament are rare. We present a case of 50 years old patient with 22 cm intraligamentary myoma with cystic degeneration, who is referred to the Gynecological Department of Ob/Gyn Hospital "Dr. Read More

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September 2016
1 Read

[CO2 LASER SURGERY IN GYNECOLOGY--NEW HORIZONS].

Authors:
I Karagyozov

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(1):62-6

Aim: Short history of laser procedures in gynecology, benefits and new horizons. Read More

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September 2016
6 Reads

[ENDOMETRIAL POLYPS--CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF MALIGNANCY AND THERAPEUTIC ATTITUDE].

Authors:
K Yamakov

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(1):59-62

Endometrial polyps represent a localized overgrowth of the endometrium, projecting above the epithelium. Endometrialpolyps maybe single or multiple, may measure from a few millimeters to centimeters, and maybe sessile or pedunculated. The use of transvaginal ultrasound is inevitably entailing a significant increase in the number of women diagnosed with endometrial polyps. Read More

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September 2016
7 Reads

[CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT OF MAYER-ROKITANSKY-KÜSTER-HAUSER SYNDROME. REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND OUR EXPERIENCE].

Authors:
M Sirakov E Tomova

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(1):51-8

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome is a part of the group of abnormalities known as "Anomalies of the fusion of the Müllerian ducts". It is characterized by normal development of breasts and hairs, normal appearance of external genitalia, normal feminine genotype (46XX), normal FSH, LH, E₂ and Test. levels, normal ovaries and congenital absence of uterus and the whole or the upper two thirds of the vagina. Read More

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September 2016
6 Reads

[Medical and social aspects of interruption of the pregnancy].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(1):45-50

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September 2016

[CONSERVATIVE MANAGEMENT OF PLACENTA ACCRETE DURING VAGINAL DELIVERY].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(1):39-44

Conservative management of placenta accrete consists in leaving the entire placenta accreta in situ after vaginal delivery of the fetus. This behavior requires active monitoring the vital signs of mother, genital status and paraclinical indicators for an extended period after birth. Monitoring is suspended after full absorption of the placenta. Read More

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September 2016

[CLINICO-MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF 68 CASES OF INVASIVE ENDOCERVICAL ADENOCARCINOMA].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(1):33-9

Unlabelled: Recent studies have demonstrate an increase in both relative and absolute frequency of the cervical adenocarcinoma (ECA) with incidence about 10-25% of all cervical malignancy.

The Aim: clinicopathological study of invasive ECA.

Materials And Method: From 2007 to end of 2011, 68 cases of invasive ECA were collected. Read More

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September 2016
2 Reads

[LASER CONISATION VS. COLD KNIFE CONISATION FOR CIN].

Authors:
I Karagyozov

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(1):27-32

For the period of 5 years (2008-2012) at the outpatient department and the operation theater of Tokuda hospital 280 conisations were done--135 lasers and 145 cold knifes. Indications for the operation were common, with no specific choice for the aim of comparison. All patients had proven colposcopic or histologic dysplasia of the cervix. Read More

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September 2016
1 Read

[PROGNOSTIC MODELS IN MODERN MANAGEMENT OF VULVAR CANCER].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(1):17-26

Aim: The aim of the research was to evaluate and analyse prognosis and prognostic factors in patients with squamous cell vulvar carcinoma after primary surgery with individual approach applied during the course of treatment.

Materials And Methods: In the period between January 2000 and July 2010, 113 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva were diagnosed and operated on at Gynecologic Oncology Clinic of Medical University, Pleven. All the patients were monitored at the same clinic. Read More

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September 2016
20 Reads

[EARLY DETECTION OF PREECLAMPSIA].

Authors:
N Todorov

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(1):13-7

Unlabelled: The preeclampsia is one of the most serious complications in the second half of the pregnancy with a high risk of perinatal maternal and neonatal mortality. The study is aiming to determine which pregnant women have a higher risk of developing preeclampsia with a view to the subsequent antenatal care, on the base of the individual factors.

Material And Metods: From prospectively followed pacients is collected information by a questionnaire and sonographic examination at 11-13 weeks of gestation/w. Read More

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September 2016

[CHARACTERISTICS OF VAGINAL ECOSYSTEM IN ENDOCERVICITIS CHLAMYDIALIS].

Authors:
E Grueva E Kovachev

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(1):3-13

The study aims: 1. To analyze and study the specifics of microbiocenoses of exocervix at endocervicitis chlamydialis, to differentiate the spectrum of stimuli, and establish the leading role of Chl. trachomatis in the genesis of this process. Read More

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September 2016

[IS THERE A PLACE FOR VIA AND VILI IN OUR PRACTICE].

Authors:
V Zlatkov

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 2:29-35

Unlabelled: The aim of this review is to discuss the possibilities and disadvantages of the techniques for visual inspection of the uterine cervix with acetic acid (VIA) and with Lugol's iodine (VILI) for early detection of cervical neoplasia. Efficient cervical screening method, approved in practice, is cytology--PAP smear. The lack of organized screening program in Bulgaria is the reason why a lot of cases of cervical cancer are missed or diagnosed late. Read More

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September 2016
1 Read

[FEMINORM OSTEO - A MENOPAUSE AND HEALTHY BONES APPROACH].

Authors:
I Petrova

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 2:25-9

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September 2016

[UTIPRO PLUS CAPSULE, A NEW INNOVATIVE APPROACH FOR THE TREATMENT OF CYSTITIS AND OTHER BACTERIAL URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS].

Authors:
G Chakalova

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 2:23-5

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September 2016
15 Reads

[COMPLICATION AFTER UNRECOGNIZED ECTOPIC PREGNANCY--A CASE REPORT].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 2:20-2

The authors present a clinical case of performing an abortion at patient with unrecognized ectopic pregnancy and subsequent complication- perforation of the uterus and the colon and life-threatening haemoperitoneum. Read More

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September 2016

[FETAL THERAPY: INTRAUTERINE THORACO-AMNIOTIC SHUNTING IN MACROCYSTIC TYPE CYSTIC ADENOMATOID MALFORMATION OF THE LUNG: REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND CASE REPORT].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 2:15-9

Abstract Objective: To present a case of macrocystic type cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung (CCAM) treated with thoraco-amniotic shunt and to review the published data to evaluate the efficiency of thoraco-amniotic shunts for drainage of (CCAM).

Materials And Methods: This wass case reported of a fetus with a large thoracic cyst, major mediastinal shift and polyhidramnion treated with thoraco-amniotic shunting. We identified 8 cases diagnosed with CCAM and only one case met the criteria for fetal surgery. Read More

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September 2016
22 Reads

[POLYHEXAMETHYLENE BIGUANID HYDROCHLORIDE (BIGUANELLE) THERAPY OF BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 2:11-5

Unlabelled: The aim of our study was to determine the efficacy and tolerability of local therapy with polyhexamethylene biguanid hydrochloride (BIGUANELLE) in women with anaerobic vaginal infection.

Material And Methods: We include in our study 23 women (18-50) with established by AMSEL criteria bacterial vaginosis. In all of the women at the beginning and at the end of the survey was performed gynecological examination and microbiological research (AMSEL). Read More

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September 2016
18 Reads

[ENDOMETRIOSIS FERTILITY INDEX].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 2:5-10

In women suffering from endometriosis and infertility, the decision as to when and how to perform surgical excision and/or fertility treatment is mainly based on clinical guidelines and expert opinions. However, so far data from randomized controlled trials or meta-analyses to answer the question whether surgical treatment of moderate to severe endometriosis can indeed enhance pregnancy rates compared with expectant management are lacking, as not all studies report fertility outcome or supply sufficiently detailed information. The most frequently used staging system for endometriosis is the revised American Fertility Society (rAFS) score (ASRM, 1997). Read More

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September 2016

[POLYGYNAX IN THE TREATMENT OF VAGINAL INFECTIONS IN PREGNANT AND NON-PREGNANT WOMEN--CLINICAL EXPERIENCE].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55 Suppl 1 Pt 2:3-4

Vaginal infections /VI/ represent some of the most common diseases by infection of FGS. The aim of this study is to analyze clinical and bacteriological efficacy of Polygynax in the treatment of vaginal infections and to take into account the correlation between the results of microbiological controls and reduction of clinical symptoms. The study included 100 patients, including 50 pregnant and non-pregnant 50 for a period of 3 months. Read More

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September 2016
183 Reads

[TORSION OF FALLOPIAN TUBE LEIOMYOMA TREATED BY LAPAROSCOPY].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(2):49-51

Leiomyomas of the Fallopian tubes are rare and their correct diagnosis is extremely difficult. Usually they are incidental findings seen at autopsy or unrelated surgical procedures: A 34-year-old woman presented with lower abdominal pain. Transvaginal ultrasound revealed a solid 7 cm extrauterine mass. Read More

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September 2016
3 Reads

[DISSEMINATED PERITONEAL LEYOMYOMATOSIS--PRACTICAL APPROACH TO DIAGNOSIS].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(2):45-8

Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis (DPL) is a rare condition characterized by the presence of multiple histologically benign smooth muscle nodules on the surface subperitoneal tissue simulating macroscopic peritoneal carcinomatosis. This disease is rare, but in recent years, in connection with the widespread introduction of laparoscopic surgery, the reports of disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis occurring after laparoscopic morcellation, were frequent. The knowledge of DPL is necessary to develop methods of prevention, and individualized treatment depending on the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations in each patient. Read More

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September 2016

[ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND OVARIAN CANCEROGENESIS].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(2):42-4

Development of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) for treatment of infertility poses many questions about potential involvement of the drugs used in ART in the process of ovarian carcinogenesis. The presence of other etiological factors makes the assessment of risks implied by administering these drugs rather difficult. The results obtained in the study are controversial and inconclusive, yet theoretical and epidemiological data suggest that caution is needed in IVF patients, receiving such drug therapy. Read More

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September 2016

[THE ROLE OF ESTROGENS IN THE CARCINOGENESIS OF LUNG CANCER].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(2):38-41

Morbidity and mortality from lung cancer has dramatically increased in women as compared to men over the past few years. Historically, smoking has been considered the major risk factor for lung cancer regardless of gender. Several recent lines of evidence implicate gender differences in the observed differences in prevalence and histologic type which cannot be explained based on the carcinogenic action of nicotine. Read More

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September 2016

[ZIKA--VIRUS INFECTION].

Authors:
V Velev

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(2):34-8

This review summarizes the knowledge of the scientific community for Zika-virus infection. It became popular because of severe congenital damage causes of CNS in newborns whose mothers are infected during pregnancy, as well as the risk of pandemic distribution. Discusses the peculiarities of the biology and ecology of vectors--blood-sucking mosquitoes Aedes; stages in the spread of infection and practical problems which caused during pregnancy. Read More

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September 2016
1 Read

[FREQUENCY AND MEDICAL SOCIAL ASPECTS PREMATURE BIRTH].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(2):27-33

Premature birth (PB) remains an unresolved problem, despite progress in prenatal medicine and the introduction of new methods and techniques of prolonged respiratory resuscitation in recent decades. Premature birth is the cause of 70% of neonatal mortality and 50% of long-term neurological complications in newborns, many of whom debilitating. Notwithstanding the significant progress prenatal care in the last twenty years in developed countries is a trend towards a gradual and continuous increase in premature births. Read More

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September 2016
2 Reads

[HEAD INJURY DURING PREGNANCY].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(2):22-6

No matter how severe is head injury during pregnancy, it can threaten both- the maternal and (or) the fetal life. The risk derives from systemic and cerebral consequences of high intracranial pressure, hypotension, anemia or expanding mass lessions in the cranial cavity. The specific hormonal background of the mother may contribute the better outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Read More

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September 2016

[HYPERTENSIVE DISORDERS IN PREGNANT WOMAN WITH EPILEPSY].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(2):15-21

Purpose: To determine the frequency and the course of hypertensive disorders in pregnant women with epilepsy (PWWE).

Materials And Methods: The survey is prospective and covers 206 PWWE during the period 1997-2012 year, monitored and treated in Risk Pregnancy Clinic of University Hospital - Pleven. All the patients (PWWE) are with clinically established etiology and prescription of epilepsy, type of seizures and their frequency. Read More

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September 2016

[CLINICAL IMPLEMENTATION OF CELL-FREE DNA ANALYSIS IN MATERNAL BLOOD IN SCREENING FOR ANEUPLOIDIES IN SINGLETON PREGNANCIES].

Akush Ginekol (Sofiia) 2016 ;55(2):10-5

Objective: Clinical implementation of cell free(cf) DNA testing in maternal blood for aneuploidies in singleton pregnancies.

Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted in two centers for fetal medicine in Sofia, Bulgaria, between October 2013 and August 2015. We examined the clinical implementation of cf DNA testing in the routine practice for trisomies 21, 18 and13 after the performance of the first trimester combined test, second trimester biochemical test and/or the combination between first and second trimester integrated test. Read More

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September 2016
1 Read