544 results match your criteria Airway Foreign Body Imaging


Review and Prospect of Diagnosis of Drowning Deaths in Water.

Authors:
Chao Liu Bin Cong

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 Feb;38(1):3-13

Hebei Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, College of Forensic Medicine, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050011, China.

Drowning is the death caused by asphyxiation due to fluid blocking the airway. In the practice of forensic medicine, it is the key to determine whether the corpse was drowned or entered the water after death. At the same time, the drowning site inference and postmortem submersion interval (PMSI) play an important role in the investigating the identity of the deceased, narrowing the investigation scope, and solving the case. Read More

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February 2022

Acute airway obstruction by a mucus plug in a patient with a 12-year history of inserting a double cannula tracheostomy tube: A case report.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2022 20;10:2050313X221100874. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Family Medicine, Medical Center for the Entire Family, Keiju Medical Center, Nanao, Japan.

Acute airway obstruction long after tracheostomy has rarely been reported. An 81-year-old Japanese woman with a tracheostomy tube for 12 years developed a 2-day history of coughing-up sputum with difficulty, foreign body sensation, and mild dyspnea. Dyspnea worsened immediately after computed tomography, showing soft tissue opacity between the tip of the tracheostomy tube and the bronchi. Read More

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Necessity of Swallow Evaluations in the Elderly Prior to Capsule Endoscopy.

Cureus 2022 Apr 14;14(4):e24138. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Internal Medicine, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, USA.

Capsule endoscopy (CE) is a convenient and minimally invasive form of gastrointestinal visualization that has found increased favor as technology has allowed for greater quality imaging. This case addresses some of the issues with this modality emphasizing the need to assess for the contraindication of dysphagia. In this case, we describe a frail patient who aspirated a capsule endoscopy while being evaluated for positive fecal occult blood with concomitant anemia after admission for a stroke alert. Read More

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Transoral management of pharyngeal ballistics.

Am J Otolaryngol 2022 May 5:103490. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at the University of Pennsylvania, United States of America.

Objective: To present a case of a ballistic foreign body in the pharynx after a gunshot wound to the maxillofacial area, an accompanying review of relevant literature, and our approach to management.

Method: A 68-year-old male with no prior medical history presented to our trauma center with gunshot wounds to the left chin, left wrist, right chest, and sternum. A CT Angiogram of the neck revealed a bullet fragment left neck and additional fragment adjacent to the L hypopharynx at the level of the hyoid. Read More

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Embolization of pulmonary artery aneurysms in a patient with Behçet's disease complicated by coil erosion into the airway.

J Vasc Surg Cases Innov Tech 2022 Jun 9;8(2):193-195. Epub 2022 Mar 9.

Department of Interventional Radiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

Behçet's disease is an inflammatory vasculitis with the unique feature of pulmonary artery aneurysms. We describe a patient with Behçet's disease and pulmonary artery aneurysms who presented with massive hemoptysis treated by coil embolization. Although there was immediate resolution of hemoptysis and improvement in hemodynamic status, 2 months later the patient reported a refractory cough and feeling of foreign body in her throat. Read More

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Airway foreign body caused by pepper inhalation 7 years previously retrieved under conscious sedation with spontaneous respiration: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2022 Mar;50(3):3000605221086146

Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital, South China University of Technology (The People's Hospital of Nanhai), Foshan City, Guangdong Province 528222, China.

A 26-year-old man who had inhaled a dried pepper 7 years previously was admitted to our hospital for repeated coughing with yellow sputum and occasional hemoptysis. A thoracic high-resolution computed tomography scan revealed a foreign body at the proximal end of the right lower bronchus. We attempted to remove the foreign body by flexible bronchoscopy, but this was unsuccessful because the foreign body fell deeper into the bronchus. Read More

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Unilateral methotrexate-induced lung injury with foreign bodies in the airway: A case report.

Respir Med Case Rep 2022 1;36:101573. Epub 2022 Jan 1.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Toshima Hospital, Tokyo Metropolitan Health and Hospitals Corporation, 33-1, Sakaecho, Itabashi-Ku, Tokyo, 173-0015, Japan.

A 75-year-old woman who had been taking methotrexate presented to our hospital for fever and dry cough. Chest computed tomography showed ground-glass opacity in the upper lobe of the right lung and foreign bodies in the lower lobe of the right bronchus. During bronchoscopy, foreign bodies were removed from the airway. Read More

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January 2022

A 4-Month-Old Girl with Persistent Respiratory Distress and Multiple Admissions to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Due to a Congenital Bronchogenic Cyst.

Am J Case Rep 2022 Jan 3;23:e935247. Epub 2022 Jan 3.

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

BACKGROUND Bronchogenic cysts are foregut duplication cysts that result in congenital cysts of the tracheobronchial tree. They can be fatal especially, if they present in early infancy. Persistent respiratory distress is the most frequent reported presentation. Read More

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January 2022

[Application of esophageal CT to establish the evaluation model of foreign body position in rigid esophagoscopic surgery].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Dec;35(12):1097-1100

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery,Beijing Tongren Hospital,Capital Medical University,Beijing Key Laboratory of Nasal Diseases,Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology,Beijing,100730,China.

Establish a correlation model with the true position of the foreign body in the esophageal foreign body surgery using the relevant diameter of the esophageal foreign body computed tomography(CT). Thirty-three patients who were diagnosed with esophageal foreign bodies by esophageal CT in the emergency department of the Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, were selected to measure the CT-related diameters of the esophageal tube(airway length, hyoid anterior edge-mandibular distance, incisor extension line-Posterior nasal ridge, distance from foreign body to hard jaw, distance from foreign body to incisor, front and back nasal crest line-spine line included angle, front and back nasal crest line and airway length line included angle, the lowest point of mandible-highest point of hyoid bone-and Spine angle), record the height and weight of the patient and calculate the body mass index(BMI). During the operation, the patient's head is fully tilted back, and the rigid esophagus is inserted through the mouth, and the front end of the esophagus is recorded when it touches a foreign body. Read More

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December 2021

[Ingestion of foreign bodies by young patients with borderline personality disorder].

Z Gastroenterol 2022 May 24;60(5):779-783. Epub 2021 Nov 24.

Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Gastroenterologie/Rheumatologie, Standort Juliusspital, Klinikum Würzburg Mitte, Würzburg, Germany.

Eight cases of young female patients with borderline personality disorder are reported. They presented between twice and 38 times for endoscopic extraction of ingested foreign bodies from the upper gastrointestinal tract. Thus, within a 3-year-period 265 foreign bodies were recovered at 143 endoscopies. Read More

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Extraluminal migration of ingested fish bone in the upper aerodigestive tract: A series of three cases with broad clinical spectrum of manifestations and outcomes.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Dec 15;89:106606. Epub 2021 Nov 15.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hospital Sultanah Aminah, Jalan Persiaran Abu Bakar Sultan, 80100 Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Introduction: Incidental fish bone ingestion may penetrate the upper aerodigestive tract and cause extraluminal migration due to late presentation or missed diagnosis. The migrated fish bone exhibits a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, ranging from mild symptoms to potentially fatal complications.

Presentation Of Case: We report three cases of extraluminal fish bone migration with diverse clinical presentations and complications. Read More

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December 2021

Imaging characteristics and mechanism of negative pressure pulmonary edema in children: three case reports.

Authors:
Qin Li Liang Zhou

Cardiol Young 2021 Nov 8:1-4. Epub 2021 Nov 8.

Department of Respiration, Children's Hospital of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

This article reports three children who presented with negative pressure pulmonary oedema before or after removal of the airway foreign bodies. Of them, two cases were type I negative pressure pulmonary oedema and one case was type II negative pressure pulmonary oedema following foreign body removal from the airways. Pathogenesis and location differences between type I and type II negative pressure pulmonary oedema caused by airway foreign body obstruction, as well as diagnosis and treatment modalities of the negative pressure pulmonary oedema were discussed. Read More

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November 2021

CT imaging of esophageal foreign bodies in children: a pictorial essay.

Jpn J Radiol 2022 Mar 18;40(3):262-270. Epub 2021 Oct 18.

Singleton Department of Pediatric Radiology, Texas Children's Hospital, 6701 Fannin Street, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Foreign body (FB) ingestion is common in children, particularly from 6 months to 3 years of age. As young children may be unable to provide a clinical history and the ingestion is often unwitnessed, imaging plays an important role in diagnosis, predicting outcomes and detecting complications that require surgical intervention. Since 2015, our institution's diagnostic algorithm for suspected airway foreign bodies has included a noncontrast airway FB CT (FB-CT) with the z-axis coverage spanning from the larynx to the proximal segmental bronchi of the lower lung zones. Read More

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An unusual manifestation of a foreign body airway in a toddler.

Intern Emerg Med 2022 Jan 12;17(1):187-190. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, IGICH Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Foreign body (FBA) in the airway is a common cause of sudden onset of respiratory distress in children. Prompt recognition and early intervention is required to minimize the potentially serious and sometimes fatal consequences. Read More

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January 2022

A rare case of type II negative pressure pulmonary edema following extraction of inhaled peanuts in a 21-month-old boy.

Authors:
Qin Li Liang Zhou

J Int Med Res 2021 Sep;49(9):3000605211047779

Department of Respirology, Children's Hospital of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province, China.

To date, only one case of pediatric type II negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) caused by removal of an endobronchial foreign body has been documented. We report another case of type II NPPE that developed after extraction of inhaled peanuts. A 21-month-old boy who presented with wheezing and intermittent cough for 1 month after eating peanuts was admitted to our department. Read More

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September 2021

Aspirated Denture: A Rare Cause of Empyema in an Asian Male.

Cureus 2021 Aug 11;13(8):e17097. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Radiology Department, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, PAK.

Here, we report the case of an undiagnosed foreign body aspiration (FBA) in a 50-year-old male who presented with fever, productive cough, and shortness of breath suggestive of pneumonia. The patient reported a history of empyema for which he underwent left-sided video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and decortication at another facility. Careful evaluation of prior chest imaging revealed a radio-opaque linear density projecting along the left of his spine suspicious for a foreign body in the airway which was missed on radiographic evaluation at the time of empyema. Read More

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Foreign body aspiration.

J Thorac Dis 2021 Aug;13(8):5159-5175

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Dr. RML Hospital & Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

The clinical manifestations of foreign body (FB) aspiration can range from an asymptomatic presentation to a life-threatening emergency. Patients may present with acute onset cough, chest pain, breathlessness or sub-acutely with unexplained hemoptysis, non-resolving pneumonia and at times, as an incidental finding on imaging. Patients with iatrogenic FB such as an aspirated broken tooth during difficult intubation or a broken instrument are more common scenarios in the intensive care unit (ICU). Read More

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Airway Obstruction from a Tracheal Mass in a 5-Year-Old: A Case Report.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2022 Jan;38(1):e65-e66

From the Indiana University School of Medicine, Riley Hospital for Children.

Abstract: Stridor is a common presenting symptom for children in emergency departments (EDs) and usually represents an infectious process, such as croup, or aspiration of a foreign body. We present the case of an otherwise healthy 5-year-old girl with episodic increased work of breathing for several months that was initially diagnosed as asthma by her primary care physician. She subsequently presented to the ED with acutely worsening noisy breathing and dyspnea. Read More

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January 2022

Cardiopulmonary bypass as a bridge for bronchial foreign body removal in a child with pulmonary artery sling: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Aug;100(32):e26908

Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, The Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, National Clinical Research Center for Child Health, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Rationale: Successful removal of an airway foreign body (FB) in some intractable cases can be very challenging, because of tracheal anomalies, unstable respiratory status of the patients, and the location of FB. The use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) support for the treatment of a FB is extremely rare.

Patient Concerns: We present a case of a 39-month-old previously healthy girl who was admitted to our hospital for suspected FB aspiration (FBA). Read More

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Gastro-esophageal pharmacobezoar.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2021 12 29;17(4):738-741. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

A 35-year-old man with schizophrenia died from an overdose of propranolol (blood level = 60 mg/L). Post mortem CT scanning showed marked distension of the esophagus by granular material with a bolus of similar material within the stomach. At autopsy 62 g of lime green pharmacobezoar was present within the esophagus with an additional 130gm mass of similar material within the stomach, both of which contained propranolol. Read More

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December 2021

Subglottic concretion masquerading as foreign body in a child with β thalassemia major: an airway nightmare!

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 26;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Pathology, Army Hospital Research and Referral, New Delhi, India.

Subglottic concretion is a rare and perilous condition usually presenting with existing or impending airway obstruction. Due to long-standing nature of the condition, slow progression of symptoms and rarity of occurrence, the condition is either missed or misdiagnosed. Its resemblance in presentation and symptoms to that of foreign body (FB) bronchus can lead to a diagnostic misadventure. Read More

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Clinical Prediction Models for Suspected Pediatric Foreign Body Aspiration: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 09;147(9):787-796

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Importance: Although various clinical prediction models (CPMs) have been described for diagnosing pediatric foreign body aspiration (FBA), to our knowledge, there is still no consensus regarding indications for bronchoscopy, the criterion standard for identifying airway foreign bodies.

Objective: To evaluate currently available CPMs for diagnosing FBA in children.

Data Sources: Performed in Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, PubMed, Web of Science, and CINAHL database with citation searching of retrieved studies. Read More

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September 2021

A subglottic foreign body mimicking croup: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jul;100(28):e26609

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chonnam National University Hospital and Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, South Korea.

Introduction: Foreign body (FB) aspiration is one of the causes of respiratory distress in infants is an extremely dangerous and potentially life-threatening event. The diagnosis of FB aspiration is difficult because the signs and symptoms vary according to the degree of airway blockage or location of the FB.

Patient Concerns: An 11-month-old female infant visited a hospital because of a sudden onset cough. Read More

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Total airway occlusion caused by an expanding bronchial foreign body.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 6;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Japan.

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Three-dimensional printed realistic pediatric static and dynamic airway models for bronchoscopy and foreign body removal training.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2021 08 10;56(8):2654-2659. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

For mastering bronchoscope handling, positioning, and directing of the bronchoscope in response to the intraluminal view provided by the bronchoscope camera, sufficient training is necessary, especially in infants and toddlers who have smaller airways, faster respiratory rates, and higher airway collapsibility. With the use of three-dimensional printing, we aimed to develop a set of anatomically accurate and low-cost airway models for teaching and training of bronchoscopy technique and foreign body removal: a translucent airway box model, a static airway model, and a dynamic airway model consisting of a flexible tree model connected to a pump that allows simulation of airway collapsibility during breathing. Computed tomography (CT) patient data of three different ages (1, 5, and 18 years of age) was imported into Materialise Mimics, segmented, and printed using VisoClear and soft Tango+ material. Read More

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Supraglottic foreign body in a woman with Down's syndrome and congenital heart disease: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e25455

Department of Anesthesiology.

Rationale: An impacted foreign body (FB) in the larynx of an adult is a rare but potentially life-threatening occurrence. Patients with Down's syndrome (DS) are vulnerable to airway FB. However, the anesthesia for FB removal can be challenging. Read More

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Case report of recurring pneumonia due to unusual foreign body aspiration in the airway.

Medwave 2021 Mar 25;21(2):e8136. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Hospital Regional Docente de Trujillo, Trujillo, Perú. ORCID: 0000-0001-5453-8998.

Foreign body aspiration is a rare but life-threatening event. Most accidental aspiration events occur in children. In adults, it can represent up to 25% of cases. Read More

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Inpatient Pediatric Foreign Body Ingestion: National Estimates and Resource Utilization.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2021 07;73(1):37-41

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics.

Objective: We generated national estimates of patient and hospitalization characteristics for pediatric inpatient admissions for foreign body ingestion (FBI) and compared these to admissions for other reasons. We further identified characteristics that were independently associated with length of stay (LOS). Finally, we hypothesized that endoscopy within 24 hours of admission was independently associated with a shorter LOS in patients admitted for FBI. Read More

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Catheter-Guided Basket Removal of a Difficult-to-Reach Pediatric Airway Foreign Body.

Laryngoscope 2021 12 22;131(12):2795-2797. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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December 2021