479 results match your criteria Airway Foreign Body Imaging


Pediatric COVID-19: Systematic review of the literature.

Authors:
Neha A Patel

Am J Otolaryngol 2020 Jun 6;41(5):102573. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Cohen Children's Medical Center, Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, New Hyde Park, NY, USA; Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hempstead, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: There is limited data regarding the demographics and clinical features of SARS-CoV-2 infection in children. This information is especially important as pneumonia is the single leading cause of death in children worldwide. This Systematic Review aims to elucidate a better understanding of the global impact of COVID-19 on the pediatric population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102573DOI Listing

Dental needle foreign body in the neck: a case report.

J Dent Anesth Pain Med 2020 Apr 27;20(2):83-87. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Hamad Medical Corporation, Clinical Radiology and Medical Imaging Department, Doha, Qatar.

Foreign body (FB) ingestion is commonly seen in the ear nose and throat (ENT) field, with different presentations and sequelae. FBs can arrest in the upper aerodigestive tract or continue further down into either the airway tract to the bronchus or the digestive tract to the intestines. The pathway of an FB depends on the size and shape of the FB and how sharp its edges are. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17245/jdapm.2020.20.2.83DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7193060PMC

A melting, encapsulated, calcified pulmonary nodule in a healthy 51-year-old woman: a case report.

BMC Med Imaging 2020 May 1;20(1):44. Epub 2020 May 1.

School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.

Background: Foreign body aspiration is less common in healthy adults, which makes diagnosis difficult. Early detection of smaller/sharp foreign bodies in the distal airway is more difficult because patients might have no symptoms and imaging studies could appear normal. Here we describe the course of a small, sharp foreign body (chicken bone) lodged in the distal airway of a healthy middle-aged woman. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12880-020-00448-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7195784PMC

Preclinical evaluation of a pediatric airway stent for tracheobronchomalacia.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2020 Mar 15. Epub 2020 Mar 15.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Mass.

Objectives: We sought to demonstrate in an animal model that helical stents made from a nickel titanium alloy called nitinol (NiTi) and designed for malacic airways could be delivered and removed without significant trauma while minimally impeding mucus clearance during the period of implantation.

Methods: Stents were delivered and removed from the tracheas of healthy 20 kg swine (n = 5) using tools designed to minimize trauma. In 4-week experiments, the stents were implanted on day 0, removed after 3 weeks, and swine were put to death after 4 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2020.03.007DOI Listing

Diagnosis of foreign body aspiration with ultralow-dose CT using a tin filter: a comparison study.

Emerg Radiol 2020 Aug 9;27(4):399-404. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Department of Pediatric Radiology, Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Purpose: Suspected airway foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a common event in paediatric emergency units, especially in children under 3 years of age. It can be a life-threatening event if not diagnosed promptly and accurately. The purpose of this study is to compare the diagnostic performance of an ultralow-dose CT (DLP of around 1 mGycm) with that of conventional radiographic methods (fluoroscopy and chest radiography of the airways) in the diagnosis of FBA children's airways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10140-020-01764-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7343722PMC

Accidental inhalation of scarf pin: Presentation and management.

Lung India 2020 Mar-Apr;37(2):140-144

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Mohammed VI University Hospital Center, Oujda, Morocco.

Background: The accidental aspiration of foreign bodies (FBs) is a rare occurrence in adults. However, inhalation of scarf pin is a phenomenon more and more common in the context of Muslim nations. The aim of our study was to describe the characteristics of this particular FB and illustrate the circumstances and consequences of inhalation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_345_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7065550PMC
February 2020

Child After Choking Episode.

Ann Emerg Med 2020 02;75(2):146-170

Department of Emergency Medicine, Intermountain Medical Center, Murray, UT; Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2019.08.001DOI Listing
February 2020

[Association of YKL-40 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid with airway damage in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2019 Dec;21(12):1188-1192

Department of Pediatrics, Guangdong Women and Children's Hospital, Guangzhou 510010, China.

Objective: To investigate the association of YKL-40 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) with airway damage in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP).

Methods: A total of 60 children with MPP who were admitted to the hospital were enrolled as the MPP group, and 12 children with bronchial foreign bodies were enrolled as the control group. According to the imaging findings, the MPP group was further divided into 3 subgroups: pulmonary patchy shadow (n=34), pulmonary consolidation (n=19) and pulmonary ground-glass opacity (n=7). Read More

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December 2019

Ten years of paediatric airway foreign bodies in Western Australia.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Feb 31;129:109760. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Perth Children's Hospital (previously Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Whenever a paediatric airway foreign body (PAFB) is suspected, decisions may be difficult without a clearly defined or accepted treatment algorithm. History and examination are commonly non-diagnostic and the risks associated with either watchful waiting or proceeding to MLB are significant. This paper reviews a 10 year cohort of suspected PAFBs for the predictive utility of history, examination and investigations and subsequent positive findings at MLB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.109760DOI Listing
February 2020

Virtual Bronchoscopy: Highly Sensitive Time and Life Saving Investigation in the Diagnosis of Foreign Body Aspiration-Our Experience.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Oct 19;71(Suppl 1):378-383. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, MGMMC, Indore, India.

Foreign body airway is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Virtual bronchoscopy is a new investigative technique useful in locating non radiopaque FB missed on plain radiography. The aim of the study was to study the clinical profile of patients with suspected foreign body aspiration and to evaluate the changing trends in the diagnosis and quicker management of foreign body aspiration as a way of virtual bronchoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12070-018-1319-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6848534PMC
October 2019

Ethnic differences of children with foreign body aspiration: a need for preventive education.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Dec 12;276(12):3507-3511. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

O.R.T.-Braude College of Engineering, Karmiel, Israel.

Introduction: Only in 2005 was a product labeling law passed in Israel that requires food companies to mark a choking hazard. We wished to investigate the influence of the hazard warning on the number of foreign body aspirations (FBA) in Israel, as well as the racial differences in the prevalence of and death rates from FBA.

Materials And Methods: All the medical records of patients under the age of 14 who arrived at our center's emergency department between the years 2007 and 2015 with suspected FBA were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05621-3DOI Listing
December 2019
2 Reads

A huge fishhook in the right main bronchus.

Adv Respir Med 2019 ;87(4):254

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Venizeleio General Hospital, Knossou Ave, Heraklion, Greece.

Foreign-body aspiration is often a serious medical condition demanding timely recognition and prompt action. Flexible and rigid bronchoscopy have become the cornerstone of both the diagnosis and treatment of patients with suspected airway foreign bodies, which are most commonly seen in patients with foreign body aspiration. We describe a case of a 58-year-old man with a huge fishhook in the right main bronchus. Read More

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https://journals.viamedica.pl/advances_in_respiratory_medici
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/ARM.2019.0038DOI Listing
February 2020
2 Reads

The bridging bronchus: A comprehensive review of a rare, potentially life-threatening congenital airway anomaly associated with cardiovascular defects.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2019 12 29;54(12):1895-1904. Epub 2019 Aug 29.

Seattle Science Foundation, Seattle, Washington DC.

The bridging bronchus is a rare congenital airway anomaly in which the right upper lobe of the lung is supplied by the right main bronchus while the right lower lobe, and often the right middle lobe is supplied by an aberrant bronchus arising from the left main bronchus. The aberrant bronchus crosses (bridges) the lower part of the mediastinum, hence the term bridging bronchus (BB). This potentially life-threatening condition, usually accompanied by diffuse or focal airway stenosis, commonly presents with signs and symptoms related to large airway obstruction, such as respiratory distress, apnea, wheezing, stridor, and recurrent respiratory tract infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24488DOI Listing
December 2019
6 Reads

Increased Serum Sedimentation and Positive Tuberculosis Antibody Combined Left Lung Consolidation in Chest CT Scan in an Adult Patient Firstly Misdiagnosed as Tuberculosis Proved as Foreign Body Aspiration in the Left Main Stem Bronchus by Bronchoscopy: a Case Report and Literature Review.

Clin Lab 2019 Aug;65(8)

Background: Foreign body aspiration is a rare entity in adults. We presented an adult case with recurrent pulmonary infection firstly misdiagnosed as tuberculosis, which proved as foreign body aspiration in the left main stem bronchus by bronchoscopy.

Methods: Appropriate laboratory tests are carried out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7754/Clin.Lab.2019.190201DOI Listing
August 2019
5 Reads
1.084 Impact Factor

An Unusual Case of Stridor: Severe Tracheal Narrowing Secondary to Esophageal Food Impaction.

Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med 2019 Aug 22;3(3):314-315. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Orange Regional Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Middletown, New York.

Foreign body impaction (FBI) in the esophagus has the potential to be a serious condition with a high mortality rate. Although the majority of foreign bodies trapped within the esophagus pass spontaneously, some do require endoscopic intervention. This case discusses a 95-year-old-female with a history of cerebral vascular accident who presented with acute onset respiratory distress with inspiratory stridor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5811/cpcem.2019.5.43027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6682255PMC
August 2019
2 Reads

Removal of an inhaled stoma button distal to a reactionary tracheal stenosis: a difficult airway case.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Aug 10;12(8). Epub 2019 Aug 10.

Thoracic Surgery, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, UK.

We present the complex and rare case of an inhaled stoma button causing proximal tracheal stenosis in a laryngectomy patient. The patient was unaware he had inhaled his button and presented with increasing shortness of breath and noisy breathing. In this case we discuss the challenging management of the stenotic tracheal segment above the impacted stoma button and the surgical approach to this difficult airway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-230392DOI Listing
August 2019
3 Reads

Flexible Fiberoptic Bronchoscopy in Pediatric Practice.

Indian Pediatr 2019 07;56(7):587-593

Department of Pediatrics, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi, India.

Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy a vital diagnostic and therapeutic procedure for assessing the airway. Its logistics, clinical indications and utility need to be elucidated in pediatric context. Pediatric flexible fibreoptic bronchoscopy is useful for diagnosis of airway anomalies, bronchoalveolar lavage for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, and interventions like foreign body removal. Read More

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Flexible Bronchoscopic Removal of Foreign Bodies from Airway of Children: Single Center Experience Over 12 Years.

Indian Pediatr 2019 07;56(7):560-562

Department of Otolaryngology, Regency hospital, Kanpur, UP, India.

Objective: To report our experience of tracheobronchial foreign body removal in children using flexible bronchoscopy as the primary mode.

Methods: Hospital records of tracheobronchial foreign body extractions between January, 2006 and January, 2018 were reviewed. Clinical presentations, radiological findings, location and types of tracheobronchial foreign bodies, types of bronchoscopes, complications and outcome of the procedures were analyzed. Read More

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July 2019
1.014 Impact Factor

Cryoprobe retrieval of an airway foreign body: A case report and literature review.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Oct 29;125:79-81. Epub 2019 Jun 29.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, 2233 Post Street 3rd Floor, San Francisco, CA, 94115, United States.

We report a case of a 7-year-old boy with clinical and radiographic evidence of foreign body (FB) aspiration with a 2-week delay in diagnosis. The retrieval of the pushpin with traditional bronchoscopic instrumentation was made difficult by granulation tissue formation. A cryoprobe through a flexible bronchoscope was used to successfully remove the FB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.06.030DOI Listing
October 2019
6 Reads

Airway Obstruction Caused by Mucinous Material Adherent to the Epiglottis in a Patient with a Progressive Neurological Disorder: An Unusual Case of a Condition Mimicking Acquired Laryngomalacia.

Intern Med 2019 Sep 7;58(18):2711-2714. Epub 2019 Jun 7.

Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Japan.

We herein report the successful management of a condition mimicking acquired laryngomalacia using conservative methods in an elderly man with a progressive neurological disorder. The patient developed stridor and was transferred to the intensive-care unit. Flexible laryngoscopy revealed a collapsed epiglottis during inspiration, as seen in acquired laryngomalacia, with mucinous material firmly adhered to the epiglottis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.2268-18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6794178PMC
September 2019

Ear, nose, and throat foreign bodies in adults: A population-based study in Taiwan.

J Formos Med Assoc 2019 Sep 24;118(9):1290-1298. Epub 2019 May 24.

Department of Otolaryngology, Taipei Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, New Taipei City, Taiwan; Department of Otolaryngology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: This study performed a population-based analysis in the managements of adult ear, nose, and throat FBs in Taiwan.

Methods: The Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 were used, which comprises 1,000,000 beneficiaries randomly sampled in 2000 with a follow-up period from 2000 to 2013. Patients aged >18 years with ear, nose, or throat FB were identified according to the International Codes of Diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2019.05.003DOI Listing
September 2019
2 Reads

Long-Term Outcome of Metallic Stenting for Central Airway Involvement in Relapsing Polychondritis.

Ann Thorac Surg 2019 09 22;108(3):897-904. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Changhai Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background: Placement of uncovered self-expandable metallic stents was found to successfully alleviate critical airflow limitation in patients with relapsing polychondritis (RP) with central airway involvement by several reports. However, the long-term outcome of airway metallic stenting in patients with RP remain unclear.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with RP who underwent airway metallic stenting with the use of fiberoptic bronchoscopy between September 1, 2009, and October 1, 2017, in Shanghai. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2019.02.039DOI Listing
September 2019
9 Reads
3.849 Impact Factor

Pathophysiology, causes and genetics of paediatric and adult bronchiectasis.

Respirology 2019 11 25;24(11):1053-1062. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Respiratory Biology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Bronchiectasis has historically been considered to be irreversible dilatation of the airways, but with modern imaging techniques it has been proposed that 'irreversible' be dropped from the definition. The upper limit of normal for the ratio of airway to arterial development increases with age, and a developmental perspective is essential. Bronchiectasis (and persistent bacterial bronchitis, PBB) is a descriptive term and not a diagnosis, and should be the start not the end of the patient's diagnostic journey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/resp.13509DOI Listing
November 2019
14 Reads

Clear cell, giant myoepithelioma of tongue base: a diagnostic and surgical challenge.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 20;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 20.

ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, Sri Ramachandra University Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Clear cell variant is a rare histological type of myoepithelioma seen in parotid and soft palate. This article describes clear cell variant of myoepithelioma in the tongue base, which has not been reported in the literature so far. A 34-year-old man presented with dysphagia and foreign body sensation of throat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226764DOI Listing
January 2019
15 Reads

Residual airway foreign bodies in children who underwent rigid bronchoscopy.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 7;118:170-176. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To analyze the causes of residual airway foreign bodies in children who underwent rigid bronchoscopy in order to improve the success rate of primary surgery.

Methods: Clinical data from 1130 children with airway foreign bodies, including 736 males and 394 females aged 0.42-14 years, who underwent rigid bronchoscopy in our hospital from January 2015 to May 2018 were retrospectively collected and analyzed by cluster sampling. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.007DOI Listing
March 2019
28 Reads

Case of a missed airway stent migration.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 14;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus C, Denmark.

This case report describes a rare complication to stent management of airway compression. An 84- year-old man was admitted to the outpatient clinic with haemoptysis, cough and dyspnoea. A CT scan showed an intraluminal, non-occluding tumour close to the right side of the main carina. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22653
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226533DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Chest Radiograph Alone Is Sufficient as the Foreign Body Survey for Children Presenting With Coin Ingestion.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Radiology, British Columbia Children's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Objectives: Radiographic survey of the entire aerodigestive tract (nares to anus) is common practice in children presenting to the emergency department following coin ingestion. The purpose of our study was to determine the optimal protocol for radiographic survey post-coin ingestion. We hypothesized that for children presenting with a clear history of coin ingestion a frontal chest radiograph including the entire esophagus is adequate to guide treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001688DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

National estimations of airway foreign bodies in children in the United States, 2000 to 2009.

Clin Otolaryngol 2019 05 11;44(3):235-239. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Pediatric Urology, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

Objective: Identify risk factors associated with airway foreign bodies in children in the United States and report observed trends over time.

Data Source: KID database (2000-2009).

Methods: ICD-9-CM codes for airway foreign bodies were used to identify patients. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/coa.13261
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coa.13261DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6488414PMC
May 2019
24 Reads

Silent Aortic Dissection after the Heimlich Maneuver: A Case Report.

J Emerg Med 2019 Feb 9;56(2):210-212. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Background: The Heimlich maneuver is a simple and universal resuscitative procedure that is performed to relieve foreign-body airway obstruction. We present a case of silent Stanford type A aortic dissection, a rarely reported complication of the Heimlich maneuver.

Case Report: A 67-year-old male presented to the emergency department with left-sided hemiplegia shortly after receiving a Heimlich maneuver. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.09.053DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

A Child With an Unusual Retained Oral Foreign Body.

J Emerg Med 2019 Feb 1;56(2):213-216. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts; UMass Memorial Children's Medical Center, Worcester, Massachusetts.

Background: Pediatric foreign-body ingestions are common. Oral foreign bodies are rare but can be life-threatening. Management of their extraction requires knowledge and careful consideration of removal techniques, pharmacology, and potential complications. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07364679183096
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.09.046DOI Listing
February 2019
31 Reads

[Probabilistic algorithm for management of suspected foreign body aspiration in children].

Cir Pediatr 2018 Oct 17;31(4):162-165. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica. Hospital Universitario de Cruces. Baracaldo, Vizcaya.

Introduction: The aim is to create a protocol for the managing of foreign body aspiration in children based on a probability scale.

Material And Methods: Retrospective observational study, including patients admitted with suspected foreign body aspiration (FBA) in the last 15 years. The parameters were assessed with a SCORE that included witnessed choking, stridor and wheezing during choking, unilateral reduced air entry and abnormal X-Ray. Read More

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October 2018
10 Reads

[Complicated airway foreign body in a child: a case report].

Authors:
Q L Shi Q Li X F Shen

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Aug;32(16):1276-1277

A 9 year-old boy suffering from cough for half a month, fever for 4 days was hospitalized. CT three-dimensional reconstruction showed that a metallic needle-like foreign body within the right main bronchial with pneumonia and atelectasis. In the next day, the boy took examination using an open-tube rigid bronchoscope under general anesthesia. Read More

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http://www.cnki.net/kcms/doi/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.16.016DOI Listing
August 2018
29 Reads

An Unusual Cause for Intermittent Stridor and Dysphagia in an Infant.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2018 Aug;34(8):e139-e140

Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

Stridor is a common presenting symptom in young children and is produced by turbulent flow through the upper airway or trachea. In children under 12 months of age, stridor is commonly caused by laryngomalacia, tracheomalacia, croup, airway foreign body, and/or retropharyngeal abscess. In atypical presentations of stridor, soft tissue neck radiographs can be helpful to determine the underlying etiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001572DOI Listing
August 2018
37 Reads

Pediatric Nasal Obstruction.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2018 Oct 19;51(5):971-985. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Department of Otolaryngology, Upper Airway Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 2018, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA; Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Upper Airway Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 2018, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. Electronic address:

Nasal obstruction is one of the most common problems seen by pediatric otolaryngologists. Prompt treatment of nasal obstruction can be critical in newborns and infants because of their obligatory nasal breathing. Older children will typically have more inflammatory, infectious, or traumatic causes of nasal obstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2018.05.005DOI Listing
October 2018
63 Reads

[Management of suspected foreign body aspiration in children. 10-year experience in a single center].

Cir Pediatr 2018 Apr 20;31(2):81-84. Epub 2018 Apr 20.

Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica. Hospital Universitario La Paz. Madrid.

Introduction: Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a potentially life-threatening event, and is the leading cause of death in children after road traffic injuries. If suspected, a prompt exploration of the airway should be performed. We present our experience in FBA treatment in the last 10 years. Read More

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April 2018
9 Reads

Organized blood clot masquerading as endobronchial tumor: A review of management and recent advances.

Respir Med Case Rep 2018 18;24:165-169. Epub 2018 May 18.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Bronx Care Health System, 1650 Grand Concourse, Bronx, NY 10457, USA.

Central airway obstruction, a frequently encountered emergency, is usually associated with blood clots, tumors, foreign bodies or mucus plugs. Airway obstruction due to blood clots can be seen as a complication of lung malignancies, infections, bronchiectasis, arteriovenous malformations or pulmonary infarction. In patients with long standing blood clots, the thrombus gets organized and firmly adherent to the airway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.05.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6010643PMC
May 2018
15 Reads

Construction of an Anthropomorphic Phantom for Use in Evaluating Pediatric Airway Digital Tomosynthesis Protocols.

Radiol Res Pract 2018 18;2018:3835810. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Department of Radiology, Children's Mercy Hospital, 2401 Gillham Rd., Kansas City, MO 64108, USA.

Interpretation of radiolucent foreign bodies (FBs) is a common task charged to pediatric radiologists. The use of a motion compensated technique to decrease breathing motion on images would greatly decrease overall exposure to ionizing radiation and increase access to treatment yielding a great impact on clinical care. This study reports on the methodology and materials used to construct an in-house anthropomorphic phantom for investigating image quality in digital tomosynthesis protocols for volumetric imaging of the pediatric airway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3835810DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5932438PMC
April 2018
4 Reads

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Management of Nasal Airway Obstruction: Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment.

JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2018 Sep;20(5):409-418

Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston.

Importance: Nasal airway obstruction (NAO) is a common complaint in the otolaryngologist's office and can have a negative influence on quality of life (QOL). Existing diagnostic methods have improved, but little consensus exists on optimal tools. Furthermore, although surgical techniques for nasal obstruction continue to be developed, effective outcome measurement is lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamafacial.2018.0279DOI Listing
September 2018
20 Reads

[Application of MDCT and post-processing in children with tracheal foreign body].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Oct;31(19):1492-1495

Department of Otorhinolaryngology,Children's Hospital of Anhui Province.

To explore the clinical value of MDCT and post-processing in children with suspected foreign body in trachea.Two hundred patients with suspected tracheal foreign body were treated with 64-slice spiral CT (MDCT) and simulated endoscopic imaging,then compared with seen in bronchoscopy; Compare the results of MDCT and post-processing with the coincidence of intraoperative findings.One hundred and eighty-four cases of positive children were examined by MDCT postprocessing technique and bronchoscopy,179 cases were obstructed by exogenous foreign body,5 cases were phlegm thrombosis (endogenous foreign body) obstruction; 16 cases of children with no foreign body diagnosed by MDCT post-processing technique were also examined by bronchoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2017.19.007DOI Listing
October 2017
6 Reads

The fork in the road: A laryngeal filter airway foreign body.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Jul - Aug;39(4):464-466. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Boston, MA 02118, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: Upper aero-digestive tract foreign body management can be complicated and life threatening in both adult and pediatric populations. The variation seen with foreign bodies including shape, material, and duration of ingestion can impact clinical decision making and management. The objective of this report is to demonstrate a complicated case of upper airway obstruction by a plastic fork. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01960709183032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2018.04.012DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

A simple management option for chronically impacted sharp tracheobronchial foreign bodies in children.

J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Apr 10;47(1):26. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Pediatric Otolaryngology, Divisions of Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery and Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Stollery Children's Hospital & University of Alberta Hospitals, 2C3.57 Walter MacKenzie Centre, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2R7, Canada.

Distally impacted chronic tracheobronchial sharp foreign bodies in children are a management challenge that presents with clinical subtlety and extreme variability. The use of image guided techniques, imaginative instrumentation, tracheotomy, thoracotomy, and even extracorporeal membrane oxygneation have been reported. Endoscopy is made difficult by the distal location, inflammatory reaction with granulation tissue formation, and bleeding obscuring the foreign body. Read More

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https://journalotohns.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40463-018-0272-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5894130PMC
April 2018
41 Reads

Delayed extrusion of embolic coils into the airway after embolization of an external carotid artery pseudoaneurysm.

J Neurointerv Surg 2018 Jul 7;10(7):e18. Epub 2018 Apr 7.

Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Carotid blowout syndrome (CBS) is a known devastating complication of head and neck surgery. The risk of developing CBS increases in the setting of radiation therapy, wound breakdown, or tumor recurrence. Traditionally, the treatment of choice for CBS is surgical ligation of the bleeding artery; however, recently, endovascular occlusion has become a more common option. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/neurintsurg-2017-013178.repDOI Listing
July 2018
41 Reads

Airway Obstruction Caused by Iron Pill Aspiration: An Interventional Pulmonology Approach to Prevent Surgery.

Heart Lung Circ 2018 Aug 8;27(8):e89-e92. Epub 2017 Oct 8.

Interventional Pulmonology Section, Pulmonary Critical Care and Sleep Division, Department of Medicine, Westchester Medical Center, Valhalla, NY, USA.

Iron Pill Aspiration (IPA) is a challenging medical condition that requires prompt management to prevent detrimental outcomes. One of the most serious complications of IPA is airway inflammation which commonly leads to severe obstruction. Airway complications may require surgical intervention including the resection of the affected lung. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2017.09.003DOI Listing
August 2018
34 Reads

Thin laryngeal foreign bodies in infants: diagnostic potential of MDCT.

Respirol Case Rep 2018 04 15;6(3):e00301. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico G. Martino Messina Italy.

A laryngeal foreign body (FB) is a significant, life-threatening event in the paediatric population. Incomplete airways obstruction by a thin, laminar, radiolucent FB lodged in the glottis or supraglottis is a rare occurrence that may present with non-specific symptoms, absence of chest findings, and normal radiographic investigations, resulting in misdiagnosis, delay in diagnosis, or prolonged recovery. We report two cases of 10-month-old male infants, each with a thin radiolucent FB lodged between the vocal folds that was detected with low-dose multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and thin-slice reconstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcr2.301DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5813252PMC
April 2018
10 Reads

Pill in the Airway of a Lung Transplant Recipient.

J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol 2018 Jul;25(3):228-230

John and Doris Norton Thoracic Institute, Phoenix, AZ.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/LBR.0000000000000482DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

[What to Do When a Child Is Choking?]

Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 2018 Jan 10;53(1):48-60. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

Both ingestion and aspiration of foreign bodies are common events in children. If a child had something in his mouth and thereafter respiratory or swallowing complaints occur, both aspiration and ingestion are possible causes. Both events can be immediately life threatening or, if a direct threat is absent, cause significant long-term impairments for the children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-120991DOI Listing
January 2018
10 Reads

Calcification of the epiglottis presenting as foreign body sensation in the neck.

J Radiol Case Rep 2017 Jun 30;11(6):1-5. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Department of Radiology, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, USA.

The epiglottis plays an important role in preventing food of different consistencies from entering the airway during swallowing. Calcification of epiglottis can, potentially, alter and limit its movement causing aspiration amongst other swallowing problems. Isolated calcification of the epiglottis and its clinical presentation remains a poorly understood entity for radiologists as well as clinicians. Read More

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http://www.radiologycases.com/index.php/radiologycases/artic
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3941/jrcr.v11i6.3093DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5743143PMC
June 2017
72 Reads

Cricoid ridge ossification mimicking ingested fish bone on plain radiography: prevalence in Singapore.

Singapore Med J 2018 07 3;59(7):356-359. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, National University Hospital, Singapore.

Introduction: Ossification of the cricoid ridge mimicking impacted upper aerodigestive tract fish bone has been described in several case reports. We performed this study to determine the prevalence of such ossification in an adult population from Singapore and to identify specific imaging features that may aid in differentiating patients with cricoid ridge ossification from those with an upper aerodigestive tract impacted fish bone.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 442 lateral neck radiographs of patients aged 16 years and above that were taken at the adult emergency department at National University Hospital, Singapore, during the four-month period between 1 September 2014 and 31 December 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11622/smedj.2017117DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6056368PMC
July 2018
11 Reads

Paint in the Pipe: An Unusual Foreign Body.

Indian Pediatr 2017 Nov;54(11):963-965

Departments of Pediatrics and *Radiology, University College of Medical Sciences (University of Delhi) and GTB Hospital, Dilshad Garden, Delhi, India. Correspondence to: Dr Dheeraj Shah, Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, Dilshad Garden, Delhi 110 095, India.

Background: Foreign bodies in the airway can be a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge.

Case Characteristics: 30-month-old girl with complaints of noisy and fast breathing following fall over a pile of sand. Sand was suctioned out by direct bronchoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13312-017-1192-1DOI Listing
November 2017
13 Reads