14 results match your criteria Agronomy for Sustainable Development[Journal]

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An approach for comparing agricultural development to societal visions.

Agron Sustain Dev 2022 13;42(1). Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Agroecology and Environment, Agroscope, Zürich, Switzerland.

There is broad agreement that agriculture has to become more sustainable in order to provide enough affordable, healthy food at minimal environmental and social costs. But what is "more sustainable"? More often than not, different stakeholders have opposing opinions on what a more sustainable future should look like. This normative dimension is rarely explicitly addressed in sustainability assessments. Read More

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January 2022

Trait profile of maize varieties preferred by farmers and value chain actors in northern Ghana.

Agron Sustain Dev 2021 6;41(4):50. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Nampula, Mozambique.

Plant breeders' knowledge of precise traits preferred by variety users would accelerate varietal turnover and widen adoption of newly developed maize varieties in Ghana. The objective of this research was to provide empirical evidence of trait preferences of farmers and other actors in the maize value chain in northern Ghana, based on which research strategies for maize improvement could be formulated. Participatory rural appraisal was conducted in 2016 to determine key traits preferred by maize value chain actors across the three regions in northern Ghana. Read More

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Transformation of coffee-growing landscapes across Latin America. A review.

Agron Sustain Dev 2021 31;41(5):62. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Farming Systems Ecology Group, Wageningen University & Research, P.O. Box 430, 6700 AK Wageningen, The Netherlands.

In Latin America, the cultivation of Arabica coffee () plays a critical role in rural livelihoods, biodiversity conservation, and sustainable development. Over the last 20 years, coffee farms and landscapes across the region have undergone rapid and profound biophysical changes in response to low coffee prices, changing climatic conditions, severe plant pathogen outbreaks, and other drivers. Although these biophysical transformations are pervasive and affect millions of rural livelihoods, there is limited information on the types, location, and extent of landscape changes and their socioeconomic and ecological consequences. Read More

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Social-ecological analysis of timely rice planting in Eastern India.

Agron Sustain Dev 2021 18;41(2):14. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Sustainable Intensification Program, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Timely crop planting is a foundation for climate-resilient rice-wheat systems of the Eastern Gangetic Plains-a global food insecurity and poverty hotspot. We hypothesize that the capacity of individual farmers to plant on time varies considerably, shaped by multifaceted enabling factors and constraints that are poorly understood. To address this knowledge gap, two complementary datasets were used to characterize drivers and decision processes that govern the timing of rice planting in this region. Read More

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February 2021

Data synthesis for crop variety evaluation. A review.

Agron Sustain Dev 2020 9;40(4):25. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Bioversity International, Turrialba, 30501 Costa Rica.

Crop varieties should fulfill multiple requirements, including agronomic performance and product quality. Variety evaluations depend on data generated from field trials and sensory analyses, performed with different levels of participation from farmers and consumers. Such multi-faceted variety evaluation is expensive and time-consuming; hence, any use of these data should be optimized. Read More

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Characterizing diversity of food systems in view of sustainability transitions. A review.

Agron Sustain Dev 2019 17;39(1). Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1Farming Systems Ecology Group, Wageningen University and Research, PO Box 430, 6700AK Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Dominant food systems are configured from the productivist paradigm, which focuses on producing large amounts of inexpensive and standardized foods. Although these food systems continue being supported worldwide, they are no longer considered fit-for-purpose as they have been proven unsustainable in environmental and social terms. A large body of scientific literature argues that a transition from the dominant food systems to alternative ones built around the wider principles of sustainable production and rural development is needed. Read More

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December 2018

Towards resilience through systems-based plant breeding. A review.

Agron Sustain Dev 2018 22;38(5):42. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Louis Bolk Institute, Kosterijland 3-5, 3981 AJ Bunnik, The Netherlands.

How the growing world population can feed itself is a crucial, multi-dimensional problem that goes beyond sustainable development. Crop production will be affected by many changes in its climatic, agronomic, economic, and societal contexts. Therefore, breeders are challenged to produce cultivars that strengthen both ecological and societal resilience by striving for six international sustainability targets: food security, safety and quality; food and seed sovereignty; social justice; agrobiodiversity; ecosystem services; and climate robustness. Read More

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Food systems for sustainable development: proposals for a profound four-part transformation.

Agron Sustain Dev 2018 9;38(4):41. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Scaling Up Nutrition Movement, Palais des Nations, CH-1211 Geneve, Switzerland.

Evidence shows the importance of food systems for sustainable development: they are at the nexus that links food security, nutrition, and human health, the viability of ecosystems, climate change, and social justice. However, agricultural policies tend to focus on food supply, and sometimes, on mechanisms to address negative externalities. We propose an alternative. Read More

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Trade-offs and synergies between yield, labor, profit, and risk in Malawian maize-based cropping systems.

Agron Sustain Dev 2018 30;38(3):32. Epub 2018 May 30.

International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC, USA.

Land degradation, population growth, and chronic poverty in Eastern and Southern Africa challenge the sustainability of livelihoods for smallholder farmers. These farmers often manage soils depleted of nutrients, apply limited amounts of mineral fertilizer, and take decisions about their cropping systems that involve multiple trade-offs. The rotation of cereals with legumes bears agronomic and ecological merit; however, the socio-economic implications of the cereal-legume rotation require a deeper understanding. Read More

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Grain legume yields are as stable as other spring crops in long-term experiments across northern Europe.

Agron Sustain Dev 2018 2;38(6):63. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

1Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research, Eberswalder Str. 84, 15374 Müncheberg, Germany.

Grain legumes produce high-quality protein for food and feed, and potentially contribute to sustainable cropping systems, but they are grown on only 1.5% of European arable land. Low temporal yield stability is one of the reasons held responsible for the low proportion of grain legumes, without sufficient quantitative evidence. Read More

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November 2018

Enhancing agroecosystem productivity with woody perennials in semi-arid West Africa. A meta-analysis.

Agron Sustain Dev 2018 23;38(6):57. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

1Farming Systems Ecology, Wageningen University & Research, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Soil degradation in semi-arid West Africa can be reversed through an intensified application of organic matter, especially on coarse soils. Woody perennials have been promoted in the region to secure organic matter sources and improve soil productive capacity, yet the mechanisms by which perennials provide benefits to soils and crops remain poorly understood, and no effective, generalizable agronomic recommendations exist. Here, we reviewed the effects of trees and shrubs on soil properties and on crop yields in semi-arid West Africa (< 1000 mm year). Read More

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October 2018

Long-term crop residue application maintains oil palm yield and temporal stability of production.

Agron Sustain Dev 2017 28;37(4):33. Epub 2017 Jul 28.

1Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, Oxfordshire UK.

Crop residue management is an important agricultural practice that has a high potential to improve soil health and optimize crop production. Compared to annual crops, relatively little is known about crop residue management effects on the yield and temporal stability of perennial crop production. This study focused on oil palm (), an important tropical crop that had expanded rapidly over the past decades. Read More

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Novel resistance mechanisms of a wild tomato against the glasshouse whitefly.

Agron Sustain Dev 2016 22;36(1):14. Epub 2016 Feb 22.

1School of Biology, Newcastle University, Devonshire Building, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, NE1 7RU UK.

The glasshouse whitefly, , is an important pest of many crop plants including tomato, . Many wild tomato species exhibit a higher resistance to whiteflies. Therefore, locating the source of this enhanced resistance and breeding it into commercial tomato species is an important strategy to reduce the impact of pests on crops. Read More

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February 2016

Life cycle assessment of edible insects for food protein: a review.

Agron Sustain Dev 2016 29;36(4):57. Epub 2016 Sep 29.

2Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Thorvaldsensvej 40, 1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.

Compared to their vertebrate counterparts in traditional husbandry, insects are extremely efficient at converting organic matter into animal protein and dietary energy. For this reason, insects for food and feed show great potential as an environmentally friendly choice in future food systems. However, to obtain a true assessment of this, more information is needed about the production systems. Read More

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September 2016
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