1,708 results match your criteria Agroforestry Systems[Journal]

Induced oxidative equilibrium damage and reduced toxin synthesis in Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum by secondary metabolites from Bacillus velezensis WB.

FEMS Microbiol Ecol 2022 Jul 1. Epub 2022 Jul 1.

College of Life Science and Agroforestry, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, China.

In this study, the antifungal mechanism of secondary metabolites from the WB strain against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum (Fon) was investigated. Read More

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Strong floristic distinctiveness across Neotropical successional forests.

Sci Adv 2022 Jul 1;8(26):eabn1767. Epub 2022 Jul 1.

Department of Biology and the Environment, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Haifa-Oranim, Tivon 36006, Israel.

Forests that regrow naturally on abandoned fields are important for restoring biodiversity and ecosystem services, but can they also preserve the distinct regional tree floras? Using the floristic composition of 1215 early successional forests (≤20 years) in 75 human-modified landscapes across the Neotropic realm, we identified 14 distinct floristic groups, with a between-group dissimilarity of 0.97. Floristic groups were associated with location, bioregions, soil pH, temperature seasonality, and water availability. Read More

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Feasibility of Supplying Ruminally Protected Lysine and Methionine to Periparturient Dairy Cows on the Efficiency of Subsequent Lactation.

Front Vet Sci 2022 14;9:892709. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of supplying ruminally protected Lys (RPL) and ruminally protected Met (RPM) to transition cows' diets on the efficiency of subsequent lactation. A total of 120 prepartum Holstein cows were assigned into four treatments blocked by the anticipated calving date, previous lactation milk yield, number of lactations, and body condition score and fed either RPL, RPM, or the combination (RPML) or control diet (CON) throughout the transition period (3 weeks before till 3 weeks after calving). From 22 to 150 days in milk (DIM), all animals (100 cows) were fed a combination of RPM and RPL (0. Read More

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SNTA1-deficient human cardiomyocytes demonstrate hypertrophic phenotype and calcium handling disorder.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2022 Jun 30;13(1):288. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Qiqihar Institute of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Qiqihar Medical University, 333 Bukui Street, Qiqihar, 161006, Heilongjiang, China.

Background: α-1-syntrophin (SNTA1), a protein encoded by SNTA1, is highly expressed in human cardiomyocytes. Mutations in SNTA1 are associated with arrhythmia and cardiomyopathy. Previous research on SNTA1 has been based on non-human cardiomyocytes. Read More

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Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi community in coffee agroforestry, consortium and monoculture systems.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2022 27;94(3):e20201228. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia - UESB, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Florestais, Estrada do Bem Querer, Km 4, Caixa Postal 95, 45083-900 Vitória da Conquista, BA, Brazil.

Understanding the effects of different production systems on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can help to interpret interactions between their components and to define management strategies. As a result, our study was conducted on soils under three coffee production systems (one homogeneous and two heterogeneous) and in a native forest located in the Bahia state, Brazil. This study aimed to answer the following questions: 1) Does the organization and management of the coffee production system affect the occurrence and diversity of AMF?; and 2) Is the seasonality effect similar between systems? To do so, soil samples (0-10 cm depth) were collected at two times of the year (rainy and dry). Read More

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Hydrological implications of large-scale afforestation in tropical biomes for climate change mitigation.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2022 Aug 27;377(1857):20210391. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Rising interest in large-scale afforestation and reforestation as a strategy for climate change mitigation has recently motivated research efforts aiming at the identification of areas suitable for the plantation of trees. An often-overlooked aspect of agroforestry projects for carbon sequestration is their impact on water resources. It is often unclear to what extent the establishment of forest vegetation would be limited by water availability, whether it would engender competition with other local water uses or induce water scarcity. Read More

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The nexus between biofuels and pesticides in agroforestry: Pathways toward United Nations sustainable development goals.

Environ Res 2022 Jun 23:113751. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Bioscience, Arctic Research Centre (ARC), Aarhus University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Frederiksborgvej 399, PO Box 358, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark; Henan Province Engineering Research Center for Biomass Value-added Products, School of Forestry, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China. Electronic address:

The growth of global population continuously increases the demands for agroforestry-derived products, underpinning a sustainable growth of energy matrix in the sectors of food security, transportation, and industrial is momentous. The high demand for the sustainable energy sources has led to an increase in the application of pesticides associated with growing crops for the production of biofuel. In 2019, the global consumption of pesticides was 4. Read More

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Rethinking forest monitoring for more meaningful global forest landscape change assessments.

J Environ Manage 2022 Sep 7;317:115478. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

World Agroforestry Centre, International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Laguna, 4031, Philippines; Oscar M. Lopez Center, Pasig City, 1604 Metro Manila, Philippines.

Forest ecosystems play an indispensable role in addressing various pressing sustainability and social-ecological challenges such as climate change, biodiversity loss, and ecosystem services deterioration, hence the monitoring of the world's forests is crucial. As part of the global forest assessment workflow, a forest is generally classified and mapped based on land use and/or using a tree canopy cover threshold. In this paper, we examine the limitations of this approach and argue that the use of a land use-based forest definition and tree canopy cover thresholds can overlook forest degradation and enhancement, disguise the actual status of forest landscapes, and misinform management planning. Read More

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September 2022

No Reduction in Yield of Young Robusta Coffee When Grown under Shade Trees in Ecuadorian Amazonia.

Life (Basel) 2022 May 29;12(6). Epub 2022 May 29.

School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences (HAFL), Bern University of Applied Sciences (BFH), Länggasse 85, 3052 Zollikofen, Switzerland.

Little is known on what impact shade trees have on the physiology of (robusta coffee) under tropical humid conditions. To fill this gap, a field experiment was conducted in the Ecuadorian Amazon to investigate how growth, nutrition (leaf N), phenological state (BBCH-scale) and yield of 5-year-old robusta coffee shrubs are affected by the presence or absence of leguminous trees, the type (organic v conventional) and intensity of management. The experiment was a factorial 5 × 4 design with four cropping systems: intensive conventional (IC), moderate conventional (MC), intensive organic (IO) and low organic (LO), and with five shading systems in a split-plot arrangement: full sun (SUN), both spp. Read More

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Bambusicolous Fungi in Pleosporales: Introducing Four Novel Taxa and a New Habitat Record for .

J Fungi (Basel) 2022 Jun 13;8(6). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand.

While conducting a survey of bambusicolous fungi in northern Thailand and southwestern China, several saprobic fungi were collected from dead branches, culms and twigs of bamboos, which were preliminarily identified as species belonging to Pleosporales (Dothideomycetes) based on a morphological approach. Multigene phylogenetic analyses based on ITS, LSU, SSU, , and demonstrated four novel taxa belonging to the families Parabambusicolaceae, Pyrenochaetopsidaceae and Tetraploasphaeriaceae. Hence, sp. Read More

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[Effects of combined application of biochar with organic amendments on enzyme activity and microbial metabolic function of carbon sources in infertile red soil].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2022 May;33(5):1283-1290

College of Environment and Resources, Zhejiang A&F University, Hangzhou 311300, China.

To improve carbon (C) sequestration and soil fertility of red soil, a two-year (2017 and 2018) field experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of two organic amendments (, corn straw and sheep manure) applied alone or combined with biochar on soil nutrient content, enzyme activities involved in C cycling, and microbial substrate utilization rate in infertile red soil. There were six treatments, including control (non-amendment), corn straw, sheep manure and across biochar treatments (without and with biochar amendment, respectively). The organic amendments and biochar were applied in 2017 and 2018. Read More

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Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds Produced by Xenorhabdus indica Strain AB and Investigation of Their Antifungal Activities.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2022 Jun 21:e0015522. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

College of Life Sciences/Key Laboratory of Agricultural Environmental Microbiology, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural Universitygrid.27871.3b, Nanjing, People's Republic of China.

spp. are symbiotic bacteria associated with entomopathogenic nematodes to form a model complex that is used for the biological control of insect pests. These bacteria also produce secondary metabolites that have commercial potential in the pharmaceutical and agroforestry industries. Read More

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What affects farmers in choosing better agroforestry practice as a strategy of climate change adaptation? An experience from the mid-hills of Nepal.

Heliyon 2022 Jun 9;8(6):e09695. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Environmental Resource Management -ERM, Nepal.

Determinants for choosing climate change adaptation strategies and selecting improved agroforestry practices have rarely been explored, while numerous studies have been conducted on climate change and agroforestry. This paper discusses; local understanding of climate change, climatic impacts, and factors that affect farmers' choices of adaptation strategies, and agroforestry practices. We focused on three districts located in the mid-hills of Nepal, where farmers were adopting agroforestry practices in two forms; traditional and improved practices. Read More

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Heat stress impacts the multi-domain ruminal microbiota and some of the functional features independent of its effect on feed intake in lactating dairy cows.

J Anim Sci Biotechnol 2022 Jun 15;13(1):71. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Animal Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background: Heat stress (HS) affects the ruminal microbiota and decreases the lactation performance of dairy cows. Because HS decreases feed intake, the results of previous studies were confounded by the effect of HS on feed intake. This study examined the direct effect of HS on the ruminal microbiota using lactating Holstein cows that were pair-fed and housed in environmental chambers in a 2 × 2 crossover design. Read More

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Morpho-agronomic evaluation of native maize races associated with Mexican tropical climate agroforestry systems.

PLoS One 2022 14;17(6):e0269896. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Unidad de Investigación en Medicina Basada en Evidencias, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, México City, México.

Maize (Zea mays L.) is native to Mexico, in which wide genetic diversity can be found; however, maize is at risk of genetic erosion, and agroforestry systems (ASs) can be a strategy for conservation and sustainable use of this crop. The objective of this study was to evaluate the variation in the morpho-agronomic characteristics of three native maize races, Tuxpeño, Olotillo × Tuxpeño and Ratón × Tepecintle, cultivated in different AS in a tropical climate of Veracruz, Mexico, as well as its association with microclimatic conditions. Read More

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Tree effects on coffee leaf rust at field and landscape scales.

Plant Dis 2022 Jun 13. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

CIRAD Departement Systemes biologiques, 206941, UMR PHIM, Montpellier, France;

While integrating trees into agricultural systems (i.e., agroforestry systems) provides many valuable ecosystem services, they can also interact with plant diseases. Read More

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Upcycling agro-industrial blueberry waste into platform chemicals and structured materials for application in marine environments.

Green Chem 2022 May 7;24(9):3794-3804. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Biobased Colloids and Materials, Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems, School of Chemical Engineering, Aalto University FI-00076 Espoo Finland

Blueberry pruning waste (BPw), sourced as residues from agroforestry operations in Chile, was used to produce added-value products, including platform chemicals and materials. BPw fractionation was implemented using biobased solvents (γ-valerolactone, GVL) and pyrolysis (500 °C), yielding solid fractions that are rich in phenols and antioxidants. The liquid fraction was found to be enriched in sugars, acids, and amides. Read More

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Comparative Analysis of the Floral Fragrance Compounds of Flowers under the - Agroforestry System Using SPME-GC-MS.

Molecules 2022 Jun 1;27(11). Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Key Laboratory for Forest Resources Conservation and Utilization in the Southwest Mountains of China, Ministry of Education, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China.

is a medicinal plant in China, the flowers of which have high medicinal value. To study the differences in the floral fragrance compounds of flowers (bionic wild cultivation) from the forests of Yunnan Province, the floral fragrance compounds from four varieties of flowers (four-forked seven leaves, three-forked seven leaves, four-forked five-seven leaves, and three-forked five-six leaves) were compared and analyzed via headspace solid phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry methods. A total of 53 floral fragrance compounds from the flowers were divided into eight categories, mainly consisting of terpenes, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons, and alcohols. Read More

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Expression of Nutritional Traits in Vegetable Cowpea Grown under Various South African Agro-Ecological Conditions.

Plants (Basel) 2022 May 27;11(11). Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Crop Sciences and the Illinois Plant Breeding Center, College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61802, USA.

Cowpea ( L.), a traditional legume food crop indigenous to Africa, has potential as both a vegetable and grain crop in contributing to dietary diversity to support health and address malnutrition, especially for those relying heavily on wheat, maize, and rice. The expression of nutritional traits (protein content and concentrations of iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), and manganese (Mn)) in cowpea leaves was evaluated over diverse agro-ecologies of South Africa and typical agronomic practices of smallholder farmers. Read More

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Traditional sheep breeding practices under agroforestry system of Gedeo zone, Southern Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2022 9;17(6):e0269263. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Animal Science Department, Dilla University, Dilla, Ethiopia.

The study was undertaken in Gedeo zone with the aim to identify traditional sheep breeding practices. Three potential districts (Yirgachefe, Bule and Gedeb) were purposely selected from Gedeo zone. A total of 180 smallholder sheep farmers were selected at random to complete a structured questionnaire that had been pretested. Read More

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Assessment of pavement deflection under vehicle loads using a 3D-DIC system in the field.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 8;12(1):9491. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of R+D+I of Misturas, S.A., Orense, Spain.

This study aims to introduce the use of 3D-digital image correlation (DIC) to the in situ testing of pavements and to support the development of techniques for a rapid evaluation of the conservation status of existing roads. Little research was found on this topic. The passage of a car wheel on an asphalt pavement was adopted as a case study. Read More

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Identification and Validation of a Major Quantitative Trait Locus for Adult Plant Resistance Against Leaf Rust From the Chinese Wheat Landrace Bai Qimai.

Front Plant Sci 2022 18;13:812002. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Plant Pathology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.

Leaf rust caused by Eriks. () is a common disease of wheat worldwide. The Chinese wheat landrace Bai Qimai (BQM) has shown high resistance to leaf rust for a prolonged period of time; the infected leaves of BQM displayed high infection types (ITs), but they showed low disease severities at the adult plant stage. Read More

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Embedding circularity into the transition towards sustainable agroforestry systems in Peru.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Sep 1;838(Pt 3):156376. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Peruvian LCA & Industrial Ecology Network (PELCAN), Department of Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Av. Universitaria 1801, San Miguel, Lima 15088, Peru.

Peru is promoting the adoption of agroforestry systems with the aim to halt the deforestation of tropical forests caused by smallholder farmers. However, deficient soil conservation practices and nutrient management are common among the targeted smallholders, hampering the success of this strategy. In this study, we explore the potential of valorizing municipal biowaste as compost to be used as soil amendment in coffee agroforestry systems and in silvopastoral systems. Read More

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September 2022

SNAPSHOT USA 2020: A second coordinated national camera trap survey of the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Ecology 2022 Jun 5:e3775. Epub 2022 Jun 5.

Biological Sciences Department, Dixie State University, St. George, UT.

Managing wildlife populations in the face of global change requires regular data on the abundance and distribution of wild animals but acquiring these over appropriate spatial scales in a sustainable way has proven challenging. Here we present the data from Snapshot USA 2020, a second annual national mammal survey of the United States of America. This project involved 152 scientists setting camera traps in a standardized protocol at 1485 locations across 103 arrays in 43 states for a total of 52,710 trap-nights of survey effort. Read More

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Homegarden agroforestry systems in achievement of Sustainable Development Goals. A review.

Agron Sustain Dev 2022 23;42(3):44. Epub 2022 May 23.

Arunachal University of Studies, Namsai, Arunachal Pradesh 792103 India.

Homegarden, a type of agroforestry system, is one of the earliest thriving traditional food systems reported. Studying the contribution of homegardens in the context of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is crucial when the COVID-19 pandemic has hindered the achievement of many of the crucial SDGs. In this review, we focused on 94 peer-reviewed papers on homegardens from 2010 to 2021 to interrelate them with the corresponding targets and indicators of each SDG. Read More

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Odd- and branched-chain fatty acids in milk fat from Holstein dairy cows are influenced by physiological factors.

Animal 2022 Jun 27;16(6):100545. Epub 2022 May 27.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China; Joint Laboratory on Integrated Crop-Tree-Livestock Systems of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) and World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Beijing 100193, China; Hunan Co-Innovation Center of Safety Animal Production, Changsha 410000, China. Electronic address:

Dairy products are the major source of odd- and branched-chain fatty acids (OBCFAs), a group of nutrients with emerging health benefits. The animal diet is known to influence milk fat OBCFAs of dairy cows; however, little is known about the effects of physiological factors. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of parity and lactation stage on OBCFAs in milk fat of dairy cows. Read More

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Seeds as Potential Sources of Phenolic Compounds and Minerals for the Indian Population.

Molecules 2022 May 17;27(10). Epub 2022 May 17.

Departamento de Nutrición y Bromatología, Instituto de Nutrición y Tecnología de Alimentos, Centro de Investigación Biomédica, Universidad de Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain.

Seeds are major sources of nutrients and bioactive compounds for human beings. In this work, the chemical composition and physicochemical properties of 155 Indian seeds (belonging to 49 families) are reported. Moisture and ash were measured with reference protocols from AOAC; total polyphenols and flavonoids were measured with spectrophotometric methods after extraction with organic solvents, and mineral elements were determined by X-ray fluorescence spectrophotometry. Read More

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(Wild Greens) in Central Crete: The Bio-Cultural Heritage of a Hidden and Resilient Ingredient of the Mediterranean Diet.

Biology (Basel) 2022 Apr 27;11(5). Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, Ca' Foscari University of Venice, 30172 Venezia, Italy.

An ethnobotanical field study focusing on traditional wild greens (WGs) was carried out in Central Crete, Greece. Through thirty-one semi-structured interviews, a total of fifty-five wild green plants and their culinary uses and linguistic labels were documented; they were mostly consumed boiled () or fried (), as a filling for homemade pies. Comparison with some Greek historical data of the 19th and 20th centuries showed that WGs have remained resilient and are still present in the current Cretan diet. Read More

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Ecosystem health, ecosystem services, and the well-being of humans and the rest of nature.

Glob Chang Biol 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Foundation for Sustainable Development, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

An ecosystem is healthy if it is active, maintains its organization and autonomy over time, and is resilient to stress. Healthy ecosystems provide human well-being via ecosystem services, which are produced in interaction with human, social, and built capital. These services are affected by different ecosystem stewardship schemes. Read More

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Report of (Acari: Tuckerellidae) on Mamey, (Calophyllaceae), in Northwestern Peru.

Insects 2022 May 18;13(5). Epub 2022 May 18.

Systematic Entomology Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA.

The family Tuckerellidae, or peacock mites, is a monogeneric group comprising approximately 32 species, which are usually collected from the fruits or woody parts of their host plants. Fruits and branchlets of mamey, L. (Calophyllaceae) trees in north-western Peru were sampled for peacock mites throughout spring and summer for two consecutive years. Read More

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