14 results match your criteria Agricultural And Forest Meteorology[Journal]

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Climate Shifts within Major Agricultural Seasons for +1.5 and +2.0 °C Worlds: HAPPI Projections and AgMIP Modeling Scenarios.

Agric For Meteorol 2018 Sep 1;259:329-344. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, NY, USA.

This study compares climate changes in major agricultural regions and current agricultural seasons associated with global warming of +1.5 or +2.0 °C above pre-industrial conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.05.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415298PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Water productivity of rainfed maize and wheat: A local to global perspective.

Agric For Meteorol 2018 Sep;259:364-373

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, 68583-0915, USA.

Water productivity (WP) is a robust benchmark for crop production in relation to available water supply across spatial scales. Quantifying water-limited potential (WPw) and actual on-farm (WPa) WP to estimate WP gaps is an essential first step to identify the most sensitive factors influencing production capacity with limited water supply. This study combines local weather, soil, and agronomic data, and crop modeling in a spatial framework to determine WPw and WPa at local and regional levels for rainfed cropping systems in 17 (maize) and 18 (wheat) major grain-producing countries representing a wide range of cropping systems, from intensive, high-yield maize in north America and wheat in west Europe to low-input, low-yield maize systems in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01681923183017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.05.019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6018065PMC
September 2018
21 Reads

Seasonal patterns of bole water content in old growth Douglas-fir ( (Mirb.) Franco).

Agric For Meteorol 2017 Aug;242:109-119

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Retired.

Large conifer trees in the Pacific Northwest, USA (PNW) use stored water to extend photosynthesis, both diurnally and seasonally. This is particularly important during the summer drought, which is characteristic of the region. In the PNW, climate change is predicted to result in hotter, drier summers and warmer, wetter winters with decreased snowpack by mid-century. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.04.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6040679PMC
August 2017
2 Reads

Linking crop yield anomalies to large-scale atmospheric circulation in Europe.

Agric For Meteorol 2017 Jun;240-241:35-45

Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), c/ Jordi Girona 29, Barcelona 08034, Spain.

Understanding the effects of climate variability and extremes on crop growth and development represents a necessary step to assess the resilience of agricultural systems to changing climate conditions. This study investigates the links between the large-scale atmospheric circulation and crop yields in Europe, providing the basis to develop seasonal crop yield forecasting and thus enabling a more effective and dynamic adaptation to climate variability and change. Four dominant modes of large-scale atmospheric variability have been used: North Atlantic Oscillation, Eastern Atlantic, Scandinavian and Eastern Atlantic-Western Russia patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.03.019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5465944PMC
June 2017
1 Read

From ORYZA2000 to ORYZA (v3): An improved simulation model for rice in drought and nitrogen-deficient environments.

Agric For Meteorol 2017 May;237-238:246-256

International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines.

The worldwide usage of and increasing citations for ORYZA2000 has established it as a robust and reliable ecophysiological model for predicting the growth and yield of rice in an irrigated lowland ecosystem. Because of its focus on irrigated lowlands, its computation ability is limited to the representation of the effects of the highly dynamic environments of upland, rainfed, and aerobic ecosystems on rice growth and yield. Additional modules and routines to quantify daily variations in soil temperature, carbon, nitrogen, and environmental stresses were then developed and integrated into ORYZA2000 to capture their effects on primary production, assimilate allocation, root growth, and water and nitrogen uptake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.02.025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5391805PMC
May 2017
4 Reads

Revisiting the choice of the driving temperature for eddy covariance CO flux partitioning.

Agric For Meteorol 2017 May;237-238:135-142

Environmental Protection Agency of Aosta Valley, ARPA VdA, Climate Change Unit, Aosta, ITALY.

So-called CO flux partitioning algorithms are widely used to partition the net ecosystem CO exchange into the two component fluxes, gross primary productivity and ecosystem respiration. Common CO flux partitioning algorithms conceptualize ecosystem respiration to originate from a single source, requiring the choice of a corresponding driving temperature. Using a conceptual dual-source respiration model, consisting of an above- and a below-ground respiration source each driven by a corresponding temperature, we demonstrate that the typical phase shift between air and soil temperature gives rise to a hysteresis relationship between ecosystem respiration and temperature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.02.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5400058PMC

On the energy balance closure and net radiation in complex terrain.

Agric For Meteorol 2016 Oct;226-227:37-49

Institute of Ecology, University of Innsbruck, Sternwartestr. 15, 6020 Innsbruck, AUSTRIA.

In complex, sloping terrain, horizontal measurements of net radiation are not reflective of the radiative energy available for the conductive and convective heat exchange of the underlying surface. Using data from a grassland site on a mountain slope characterised by spatial heterogeneity in inclination and aspect, we tested the hypothesis that a correction of the horizontal net radiation measurements which accounts for the individual footprint contributions of the various surfaces to the measured sensible and latent heat eddy covariance fluxes will yield more realistic slope-parallel net radiation estimates compared to a correction based on the average inclination and aspect of the footprint. Our main result is that both approaches led to clear, but very similar improvements in the phase between available energy and the sum of the latent and sensible heat fluxes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.05.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5218570PMC
October 2016
2 Reads

Inter- and intra-specific variation in drought sensitivity in . and its relation to wood density and growth traits.

Agric For Meteorol 2015 Dec;214-215:430-443

University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Institute of Wood Science and Technology, Konrad-Lorenz-Straβe 24, 3430 Tulln an der Donau, Austria.

Understanding drought sensitivity of tree species and its intra-specific variation is required to estimate the effects of climate change on forest productivity, carbon sequestration and tree mortality as well as to develop adaptive forest management measures. Here, we studied the variation of drought reaction of six European species and ten provenances of planted in the drought prone eastern Austria. Tree-ring and X-ray densitometry data were used to generate early- and latewood measures for ring width and wood density. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01681923150070
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5049588PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.08.268DOI Listing
December 2015
5 Reads

The relationship between leaf area index and microclimate in tropical forest and oil palm plantation: Forest disturbance drives changes in microclimate.

Agric For Meteorol 2015 Feb;201:187-195

Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot SL5 7PY, Berkshire, United Kingdom.

Land use change is a major threat to biodiversity. One mechanism by which land use change influences biodiversity and ecological processes is through changes in the local climate. Here, the relationships between leaf area index and five climate variables - air temperature, relative humidity, vapour pressure deficit, specific humidity and soil temperature - are investigated across a range of land use types in Borneo, including primary tropical forest, logged forest and oil palm plantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.11.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5268355PMC
February 2015
7 Reads

An objective approach to model reduction: Application to the Sirius wheat model.

Agric For Meteorol 2014 Jun;189-190(100):211-219

Computational and Systems Biology Department, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK.

An existing simulation model of wheat growth and development, Sirius, was evaluated through a systematic model reduction procedure. The model was automatically manipulated under software control to replace variables within the model structure with constants, individually and in combination. Predictions of the resultant models were compared to growth analysis observations of total biomass, grain yield, and canopy leaf area derived from 9 trials conducted in the UK and New Zealand under optimal, nitrogen limiting and drought conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.01.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3990433PMC
June 2014
1 Read

Can an energy balance model provide additional constraints on how to close the energy imbalance?

Agric For Meteorol 2013 Feb;169:85-91

Hydrology and Water Resources Management Department, Ecology Centre, University of Kiel, Olshausenstrasse 40, 24098 Kiel, GERMANY.

Elucidating the causes for the energy imbalance, i.e. the phenomenon that eddy covariance latent and sensible heat fluxes fall short of available energy, is an outstanding problem in micrometeorology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.10.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3898304PMC
February 2013

Leaf and ecosystem response to soil water availability in mountain grasslands.

Agric For Meteorol 2011 Dec;151(12):1731-1740

Institute of Ecology, University of Innsbruck, Sternwartestr. 15, 6020 Innsbruck, AUSTRIA.

Climate change is expected to affect the Alps by increasing the frequency and intensity of summer drought events with negative impacts on ecosystem water resources. The response of CO and HO exchange of a mountain grassland to natural fluctuations of soil water content was evaluated during 2001-2009. In addition, the physiological performance of individual mountain forb and graminoid plant species under progressive soil water shortage was explored in a laboratory drought experiment. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3899607PMC
December 2011
3 Reads

On the consequences of the energy imbalance for calculating surface conductance to water vapour.

Agric For Meteorol 2009 Sep;149(9):1556-1559

Institut für Ökologie, Universität Innsbruck, Sternwartestr. 15, 6020 Innsbruck, AUSTRIA.

The Penman-Monteith combination equation, which is most frequently used to derive the surface conductance to water vapour (G), implicitly assumes the energy balance to be closed. Any energy imbalance (positive or negative) will thus affect the calculated G. Using eddy covariance energy flux data from a temperate grassland and a desert shrub ecosystem we explored five possible approaches of closing the energy imbalance and show that calculated G may differ considerably between these five approaches depending on the relative magnitudes of sensible and latent heat fluxes, and the magnitude and sign of the energy imbalance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2009.03.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3898014PMC
September 2009

Open- vs. closed-path eddy covariance measurements of the net ecosystem carbon dioxide and water vapour exchange: a long-term perspective.

Agric For Meteorol 2009 Feb;149(2):291-302

Institut für Ökologie, Universität Innsbruck, Sternwartestr. 15, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

The differential design, deployment and data post-processing of open- (OP) and closed-path (CP) eddy covariance systems is a potential source of bias for ongoing global flux synthesis activities. Here we use a unique six year data set of concurrent CP and OP carbon dioxide (CO) and water vapour (HO) eddy covariance flux measurements above a temperate mountain grassland in Austria to explore the consequences of these differences on a long-term basis. The theoretically based transfer function approach was able to account and correct for the differences in low-pass filtering between the two systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.08.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3898020PMC
February 2009
1 Read
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