Curr Res Food Sci 2021 21;4:287-294. Epub 2021 Apr 21.
Department of Food Science and Agricultural Chemistry, McGill University, 21111 Lakeshore, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, H9X 3V9, Canada.
Due to their high reactivities and short half-lives, the detection of Maillard reaction intermediates is relatively difficult to achieve in a single analytical run. In this study, the formation of Maillard reaction intermediates from heated alanine/glucose mixtures (110 °C for 2 h) was investigated through their complexation with divalent iron using electrospray ionization/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry and isotope labeling techniques. Analysis of the mixtures indicated that this approach allows the simultaneous detection of many important labile and reactive Maillard reaction intermediates along with unreacted alanine and glucose in addition to various other Maillard reaction products, such as glyceraldehyde, erythrose, ribose, acetol, glycolaldehyde, fructosamine, glucosone, osones, deoxyosones, and Amadori products. Read More