13,125 results match your criteria Agri : Agri Algoloji Dernegi'nin Yayin organidir = The journal of the Turkish Society of Algology[Journal]


The impacts of vulnerability, perceived risk, and fear on preventive behaviours against COVID-19.

Psychol Health Med 2020 Jun 3:1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Psychology, University of Health Sciences , Istanbul, Turkey.

The world has been under the negative effect of the COVID-19 pandemic for the last few months. While people may take many preventive behaviours to minimize the risk, very little is known about the factors that can increase preventive behaviours during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study examined the effects of vulnerability, perceived risk, and fear on preventive behaviours of COVID-19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2020.1776891DOI Listing

Inflammatory Choroidal Neovascular Membranes in Patients With Noninfectious Uveitis: The Place of Intravitreal Anti-VEGF Therapy.

Med Hypothesis Discov Innov Ophthalmol 2020 25;9(2):118-126. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Department of Ophthalmology, Dokuz Eylul University Medical Faculty, İzmir, Turkey.

Inflammatory choroidal neovascularization (iCNV) is an infrequent but an important cause of visual morbidity in patients with non-infectious uveitis and mostly occurs in intermediate or posterior uveitis. Punctate inner choroiditis, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease and multifocal choroiditis are among the leading causes of uveitis entities resulting in iCNVs. The diagnosis and management of iCNVs still remain a challenge. Read More

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Transcriptome analysis of heat stress response genes in potato leaves.

Mol Biol Rep 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Fredericton Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Fredericton, NB, E3B 4Z7, Canada.

Heat stress has a severe impact on potato growth and tuberization process, always resulting in the decrease of tuber yield and quality. Therefore, it is of great significance for potato breeding to illuminate the mechanism of heat stress on potato and explore heat resistant genes. In this study, two cDNA libraries from normal potato leaves (20 °C day/18 °C night) and potato leaves with 3 days of heat treatment (35 °C day/28 °C night) were constructed respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-020-05485-5DOI Listing

Effects of nitrogen deposition and litter layer management on soil CO, NO, and CH emissions in a subtropical pine forestland.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 2;10(1):8959. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Quebec Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Quebec City, QC, G1V 2J3, Canada.

Forestland soils play vital role in regulating global soil greenhouse gas (GHG) budgets, but the interactive effect of the litter layer management and simulated nitrogen (N) deposition on these GHG flux has not been elucidated clearly in subtropical forestland. A field trial was conducted to study these effects by using litter removal method under 0 and 40 kg N ha yr addition in a subtropical forestland in Yingtan, Jiangxi Province, China. Soil CO emission was increased by N addition (18-24%) but decreased by litter removal (24-32%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65952-8DOI Listing

Evaluation of photoreceptor transduction efficacy of capsid-modified AAV vectors following intravitreal and subretinal delivery in sheep.

Hum Gene Ther 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Koret School of Veterinary medicine, Rehovot, Israel;

Gene augmentation therapy based on subretinal delivery of Adeno-Associated Viral (AAV) vectors is proving to be highly efficient in treating several inherited retinal degenerations. However, due to potential complications and drawbacks posed by subretinal injections, there is a great impetus to find alternative methods of delivering the desired genetic inserts to the retina. One such method is an intravitreal delivery of the vector. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/hum.2020.023DOI Listing

Mapping Quantitative Trait Loci for 1000-Grain Weight in a Double Haploid Population of Common Wheat.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 May 31;21(11). Epub 2020 May 31.

Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota (AEPB), Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810008, China.

Thousand-grain weight (TGW) is a very important yield trait of crops. In the present study, we performed quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis of TGW in a doubled haploid population obtained from a cross between the bread wheat cultivar "Superb" and the breeding line "M321" using the wheat 55-k single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping assay. A genetic map containing 15,001 SNP markers spanning 2209. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21113960DOI Listing

Nutraceuticals and Nutrition Supplements: Challenges and Opportunities.

Nutrients 2020 May 29;12(6). Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Food and Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada.

The term "nutraceuticals" is derived from "nutrition" and "pharmaceuticals" and is used fornutrition products that are also used as medicine [1] [... Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12061593DOI Listing

Modelling the effect of plant water use traits on yield and stay-green expression in sorghum.

Funct Plant Biol 2014 Oct;41(11):1019-1034

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India.

Post-rainy sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) production underpins the livelihood of millions in the semiarid tropics, where the crop is affected by drought. Drought scenarios have been classified and quantified using crop simulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP13355DOI Listing
October 2014

Photosynthetic performance and biochemical adjustments in two co-occurring Mediterranean evergreens, Quercus ilex and Arbutus unedo, differing in salt-exclusion ability.

Funct Plant Biol 2014 Apr;41(4):391-400

The National Research Council of Italy, Department of Biology, Agriculture and Food Sciences, Institute for Plant Protection, Via Madonna del Piano 10, I-50 019, Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy.

The responses to mild root zone salinity stress were investigated in two co-occurring Mediterranean woody evergreens, Quercus ilex L. and Arbutus unedo L., which differ in morpho-anatomical traits and strategies to cope with water deficit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP13241DOI Listing

Novel magnetic fluorescence probe based on carbon quantum dots-doped molecularly imprinted polymer for AHLs signaling molecules sensing in fish juice and milk.

Food Chem 2020 May 28;328:127063. Epub 2020 May 28.

College of Food Science and Technology, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding 071001, China; Hebei Food Inspection and Research Institute, Hebei Food Safety Key Laboratory, Shijiazhuang 050091, China.

A magnetic fluorescence probe was fabricated by coating carbon quantum dots-doped molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) layers on the surface of FeO particles (MFMP) for detection of N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) signaling molecules. N-Z-L-homoserine lactone molecular was used as the template to prepare AHLs MIP layers, employing MAA and HEMA as functional monomers. The developed MFMP owned superparamagnetism, fluorescence, fast response and class-selectivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.127063DOI Listing

Hypomorphic CAMKK2 in EA.hy926 endothelial cells causes abnormal transferrin trafficking, iron homeostasis and glucose metabolism.

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res 2020 May 30:118763. Epub 2020 May 30.

Canadian Centre for Agri-Food Research in Health and Medicine, St. Boniface Hospital Research Centre, Winnipeg, MB, R2H 2A6, Canada; Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3E 0J9, Canada.

We recently reported that loss of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase-2 (CAMKK2), a serine/threonine kinase activated by intracellular calcium, in mice leads to tissue-specific aberrant turnover of transferrin (TF), a receptor-mediated iron-transporter that supplies iron to tissues. Iron dyshomeostasis is associated with the pathogenesis of several diseases, making TF transport relevant to health. In this study, we used hemizygous CAMKK2 hypomorphic human endothelial cell (EA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamcr.2020.118763DOI Listing

Honey Bee Queen Production: Canadian Costing Case Study and Profitability Analysis.

J Econ Entomol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Beaverlodge Research Farm, Beaverlodge, Alberta, Canada.

The decline in managed honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colony health worldwide has had a significant impact on the beekeeping industry. To mitigate colony losses, beekeepers in Canada and around the world introduce queens into replacement colonies; however, Canada's short queen rearing season has historically limited the production of early season queens. As a result, Canadian beekeepers rely on the importation of foreign bees, particularly queens from warmer climates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jee/toaa102DOI Listing

Assessing efficacy of N-Acetyl-l-Cysteine-Sodium Hydroxide on bacterial viability and enhanced recovery of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis from bovine colostrum.

J Microbiol Methods 2020 May 29:105968. Epub 2020 May 29.

Institute of Veterinary Food Science, Justus-Liebig-University Gießen, Frankfurter Street 92, D-35392 Gießen, Germany.

The standard procedure for the improved cultural recovery of viable Mycobacterium spp. from diverse samples mainly depends on reducing the viability of background microbiota using different chemical compounds. This study was designed to i) evaluate the efficacy and comparison of N-Acetyl-l-Cysteine-Sodium hydroxide (NALC-2% NaOH) and hexadecylpyridinium chloride (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2020.105968DOI Listing

A plant RNA virus activates selective autophagy in a UPR-dependent manner to promote virus infection.

New Phytol 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

London Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, London, Ontario, N5V 4T3, Canada.

Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved pathway in eukaryotes that delivers unwanted cytoplasmic materials to the lysosome/vacuole for degradation/recycling. Stimulated autophagy emerges as an integral part of plant immunity against intracellular pathogens. In this study, we used turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) as a model to investigate the involvement of autophagy in plant RNA virus infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.16716DOI Listing

Effect of resveratrol treatment on apoptosis and apoptotic pathways during boar semen freezing.

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2020 Jun;21(6):485-494

Jiangsu Agri-animal Husbandry Vocational College, Taizhou 225300, China.

Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene, RSV) has been widely used in mammalian cells, but whether it can be used during freezing boar semen is still unknown. The effects of RSV treatment during boar semen freezing on its anti-freezing ability, apoptosis, and possible apoptotic pathways were observed in this study. Sperm motility, mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨ), adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL)-positive apoptotic state, and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels of apoptotic genes involved in different apoptotic pathways after freezing with or without RSV treatment were tested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B1900520DOI Listing

Evaluation of processing methods and oral mastication on the carotenoid bioaccessibility of restructured carrot chips.

J Sci Food Agric 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Institute of Food Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of Agro-Products Processing, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing, 100193, China.

BACKGROUD. Carrot carotenoids are typically located in chromoplasts, forming a specific sub-structure of crystalline. As a consequence, cell walls and chromoplasts constitute two major physical barriers for carotenoid releasing from the food matrix during digestion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10546DOI Listing

Development of 18 microsatellite markers for .

Appl Plant Sci 2020 May 22;8(5):e11350. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Industrial Plant Science and Technology Chungbuk National University Cheongju 28644 Republic of Korea.

Premise: (Asteraceae) is endemic to East Asia, where its rhizomes are used in traditional medicine. To investigate the genetic diversity of this species, we developed polymorphic microsatellite markers.

Methods And Results: We obtained a total of 175,825 simple sequence repeat (SSR) loci using the Illumina HiSeq 2500 system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aps3.11350DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7249270PMC

Synergistic antioxidant effects of petunidin and lycopene in H9c2 cells submitted to hydrogen peroxide: Role of Akt/Nrf2 pathway.

J Food Sci 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, 330047, China.

Phenolics and carotenoids coexist in fruits and vegetables and could possess interaction effects after consumption. The present study aims to elucidate the possible mechanisms of the antioxidant interactions between anthocyanins and carotenoids using petunidin and lycopene as examples in hydrogen peroxide (H O )-induced heart myofibroblast cell (H9c2) line model. The results revealed that petunidin and lycopene showed antioxidant effects and petunidin in a larger proportion mixed with lycopene, for example, petunidin: lycopene = 9:1 significantly protected against the loss of the cell viability (8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.15153DOI Listing

Ziyuglycoside II Inhibits Rotavirus Induced Diarrhea Possibly via TLR4/NF-κB Pathways.

Biol Pharm Bull 2020 ;43(6):932-937

College of Veterinary Pharmaceutical, Jiangsu Agri-animal Husbandry Vocational College.

Rotavirus (RV) induced diarrhea has been a major reason affecting children healthy under 5 years old especially in developing countries. Although specific vaccines have preventive effects, antiviral therapy is essential for the diarrhea patients. Ziyuglycoside II is a traditional Chinese herb which has been proven to possess anti-virus effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/bpb.b19-00771DOI Listing
January 2020

Development of indirect competitive ELISA for determination of dehydroabietic acid in duck skin and comparison with the HPLC method.

Poult Sci 2020 Jun 18;99(6):3280-3285. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Institute of Agri-products Processing, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China.

Defeathering with rosin results in rosin residue in duck skin, which may present as potential risk to human health. Dehydroabietic acid (DHAA) is a major component of rosin. An indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for determination of DHAA in duck skin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psj.2020.01.031DOI Listing

Identification and functional characterization of two acyl CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) genes from forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) embryo.

Phytochemistry 2020 May 27;176:112405. Epub 2020 May 27.

Plant Tissue Culture and Genetic Engineering, National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute (NABI), Mohali, 140306, Punjab, India. Electronic address:

Elevating the lipid content in high-biomass forage crops has emerged as a new research platform for increasing energy density and improving livestock production efficiency associated with improved human health beneficial meat and milk quality. To gain insights of triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis in forage sorghum, two type-1 diacylglycerol acyltransferase (designated as SbDGAT1-1 and SbDGAT1-2) were characterized for its in vivo function. SbDGAT1-2 is more abundantly expressed in embryo and bran during the early stage of the grain development in comparison to SbDGAT1-1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2020.112405DOI Listing

Rice starch accumulation at different endosperm regions and physical properties under nitrogen treatment at panicle initiation stage.

Int J Biol Macromol 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology/Co-Innovation Center for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops/Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture & Agri-Product Safety, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China. Electronic address:

The quality of rice grain is characterized by the component, structure and physicochemical properties of starch accumulated in endosperm cell. Nitrogen uptake strongly affects rice growth and starch development. In this study, Nangeng 9108 was used to investigated the accumulation of starch in different positions of the endosperm and physical properties of starch under nitrogen treatment of panicle initiation (PI) stage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.05.210DOI Listing
May 2020
2.858 Impact Factor

Washing fresh tea leaves before picking decreases pesticide residues in tea.

J Sci Food Agric 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

State Key Laboratory of Tea Plant Biology and Utilization; School of Tea and Food Science & Technology, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, 230036, China.

Background: The use of pesticides during tea plant cultivation support agricultural production and prevents and controls pests, diseases, and weeds. It is of the utmost importance to balance pesticide application with tea quality, safety, and consumer health. The uptake of pesticides into plants may lead to the presence of residues that are hazardous to human health, especially for some foliar-applied insecticides. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10553DOI Listing

Assessment of semi-natural habitats and landscape features on Irish farmland: New insights to inform EU Common Agricultural Policy implementation.

Ambio 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Teagasc, Department of Soils, Environment and Land Use, Johnstown Castle Research Centre, Wexford, Ireland.

Concerns over the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in farmland have prompted the development of agri-environment policy measures aimed at reducing farming pressure and maintaining semi-natural habitats in farmed landscapes. However, further knowledge is needed to guarantee successful agri-environment measures implementation. The current study assessed the quantity and the quality of semi-natural habitats in farms across a gradient of farming intensities in two contrasting regions in Ireland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-020-01344-6DOI Listing

The glycoconjugate-degrading enzymes of Clostridium perfringens: tailored catalysts for breaching the intestinal mucus barrier.

Glycobiology 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Faculty of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada V8P 5C2.

The gastrointestinal tract of humans and animals is lined with mucus that serves as a barrier between the gut microbiota and the epithelial layer of the intestine. As the proteins present in mucus are typically heavily glycosylated, such as the mucins, several enteric commensal and pathogenic bacterial species are well-adapted to this rich carbon source and their genomes are replete with carbohydrate-active enzymes targeted towards dismantling the glycans and proteins present in mucus. One such species is Clostridium perfringens, a Gram-positive opportunistic pathogen indigenous to the gut of humans and animals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/glycob/cwaa050DOI Listing

Uncovering Sub-Structure and Genomic Profiles in Across-Countries Subpopulations of Angus Cattle.

Sci Rep 2020 May 29;10(1):8770. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Animal Science, School of Agricultural and Veterinarian Science, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil.

Highlighting genomic profiles for geographically distinct subpopulations of the same breed may provide insights into adaptation mechanisms to different environments, reveal genomic regions divergently selected, and offer initial guidance to joint genomic analysis. Here, we characterized similarities and differences between the genomic patterns of Angus subpopulations, born and raised in Canada (N = 382) and Brazil (N = 566). Furthermore, we systematically scanned for selection signatures based on the detection of autozygosity islands common between the two subpopulations, and signals of divergent selection, via F and varLD tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65565-1DOI Listing

Donald John Stoddart Barr, 18 September 1937-20 November 2018.

Mycologia 2020 May 29:1-5. Epub 2020 May 29.

Ottawa Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada , Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0C6.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00275514.2020.1749510DOI Listing

Evaluation of pyroligneous acid as a therapeutic agent against Salmonella in a simulated gastrointestinal tract of poultry.

Braz J Microbiol 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Pyrovac Inc, 176-2 rue Damase-Breton, Saint-Lambert-de-Lauzon, QC, G0S 2W0, Canada.

Pyroligneous acid (PA) was evaluated as a potential alternative to therapeutic antibiotics in poultry. Antimicrobial activity of PA was studied at acidic pH (2.0) and neutral pH (7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s42770-020-00294-1DOI Listing

diversity in Canadian bat caves, including a new species, .

Fungal Syst Evol 2020 Jun 9;5:1-15. Epub 2019 Aug 9.

New Brunswick Museum, 277 Douglas Avenue, Saint John, New Brunswick, E2K 1E5, Canada.

species were commonly isolated during a fungal survey of bat hibernacula in New Brunswick and Quebec, Canada. Strains were isolated from arthropods, bats, rodents (. the deer mouse ), their dung, and cave walls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3114/fuse.2020.05.01DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250010PMC

from in Eastern Canada.

Fungal Syst Evol 2019 Dec 2;4:13-20. Epub 2019 May 2.

Ottawa Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 960 Carling Ave, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0C6.

(, ) was described from in Europe and was also thought to occur on North American . However, previously published sequences of foliar endophytes from Eastern Canada suggested the presence of at least two cryptic species, distinct from and other known species. Our subsequent sampling of ascomata from dead attached branches resulted in the collection of a putatively undescribed species previously isolated as a endophyte. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3114/fuse.2019.04.02DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7241680PMC
December 2019

Deciphering the transcriptional regulatory networks that control size, color, and oil content in seeds.

Biotechnol Biofuels 2020 18;13:90. Epub 2020 May 18.

1College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing, 400715 China.

Background: is an important oilseed and vegetable crop species and is the A subgenome donor of two important oilseed crops, and . Although seed size (SZ), seed color (SC), and oil content (OC) substantially affect seed yield and quality, the mechanisms regulating these traits in crops remain unclear.

Results: We collected seeds from a pair of accessions with significantly different SZ, SC, and OC at seven seed developmental stages (every 7 days from 7 to 49 days after pollination), and identified 28,954 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from seven pairwise comparisons between accessions at each developmental stage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13068-020-01728-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7236191PMC

Formaldehyde formation in the glycine cleavage system and its use for an aldolase-based biosynthesis of 1,3-prodanediol.

J Biol Eng 2020 14;14:15. Epub 2020 May 14.

1Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Soft Matter Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, North Third Ring Road 15, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029 China.

Glycine cleavage system (GCS) occupies a key position in one-carbon (C1) metabolic pathway and receives great attention for the use of C1 carbons like formate and CO via synthetic biology. In this work, we demonstrate that formaldehyde exists as a substantial byproduct of the GCS reaction cycle. Three causes are identified for its formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13036-020-00237-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227101PMC

Yeast-Free Doughs by : Evaluation of Technological and Fermentation Performances by Using a Metabolomic Approach.

Microorganisms 2020 May 26;8(6). Epub 2020 May 26.

CIRI-Interdepartmental Centre of Agri-Food Industrial Research, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, P.za G. Goidanich 60, 47521 Cesena, Italy.

This research focuses on the leavening performances and development of volatile compounds of three strains of in the production of yeast-free doughs. DSM 3580, 424, and 473 were used in doughs supplemented with glucose and with or without NaCl. produced about 10 mg ethanol/g dough, with maximum dough volumes (640-680 mL) being reached after 2 h leavening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8060792DOI Listing

Welfare of horses from Mexico and the United States of America transported for slaughter in Mexico: Fitness profiles for transport and pre-slaughter logistics.

Prev Vet Med 2020 May 16;180:105033. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Animal Production & Food Science, Agri-Food Institute of Aragon (IA2), University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.

Every year thousands of horses from Mexico and the United States of America (USA) are transported to slaughter in Mexico, but little is known about their welfare or pre-slaughter logistics. In this study, we recorded the origin, sex, age and condition of horses (121 journeys, 2648 animals) upon arrival to an abattoir in northern Mexico, including transport details. Horse welfare was measured indirectly via individual scores for body condition, coat quality, lameness, ocular and nasal discharge, as well as reactivity to a chute restraint test, all performed shortly after unloading. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2020.105033DOI Listing

Screening inhibitory effects of selected flavonoids on human recombinant aldose reductase enzyme: and study.

Arch Physiol Biochem 2020 May 28:1-7. Epub 2020 May 28.

Nutrition and Dietetics Department, High School of Health, Agri Ibrahim Cecen University, Agri, Turkey.

Aldose reductase (AR) is the first enzyme of the polyol pathway that has physiological importance under hyperglycaemic conditions. The article has been focussed on AR enzyme inhibition by selected compounds. For this purpose, the inhibitory effects of various compounds on commercially available recombinant human AR (rAR) enzyme activity were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13813455.2020.1771377DOI Listing

CAMKK2-CAMK4 signaling regulates transferrin trafficking, turnover, and iron homeostasis.

Cell Commun Signal 2020 May 27;18(1):80. Epub 2020 May 27.

Canadian Centre for Agri-Food Research in Health and Medicine, St. Boniface Albrechtsen Research Centre, Room R2034 - 351 Taché Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, R2H 2A6, Canada.

Background: Circulatory iron is a hazardous biometal. Therefore, iron is transported in a redox-safe state by a serum glycoprotein - transferrin (TF). Different organs acquire iron from the systemic circulation through a tightly regulated mechanism at the blood-tissue interface which involves receptor-mediated internalization of TF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12964-020-00575-0DOI Listing

Association of genetic polymorphisms related to Johne's disease with estimated breeding values of Holstein sires for milk ELISA test scores.

BMC Vet Res 2020 May 27;16(1):165. Epub 2020 May 27.

Centre for Genetic Improvement of Livestock, Department of Animal Biosciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada.

Background: Johne's disease (JD) is a chronic intestinal inflammatory disease caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infection in ruminants. Since there are currently no effective vaccine or treatment options available to control JD, genetic selection may be an alternative strategy to enhance JD resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02381-9DOI Listing

Regulation and dynamics of gene expression during the life cycle of Fusarium graminearum.

Phytopathology 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 6337, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada;

Fungal pathogens survive harsh environments and overcome physical, temporal and chemical barriers to colonize their hosts and reproduce. Fusarium graminearum was one of the first fungal plant pathogens for which transcriptomic tools were developed, making analysis of gene expression a cornerstone approach in studying its biology. The analysis of gene expression in diverse in vitro conditions and during infection of different cereal crops has revealed subsets of both unique and shared transcriptionally regulated genes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-03-20-0080-IADOI Listing

Genome sequence of var. that causes sugarcane twisted leaf disease in China.

Mol Plant Microbe Interact 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

State Key Lab for Conservation and Utilization of Sub-tropical Agri-Biological Resources, 100 East Daxye Rd.,, Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi, China, 530005.

Phoma sorghina var. saccharum is a fungal pathogen that causes sugarcane twisted leaf disease in China. Here we report complete genome assemblies of the Phoma sorghina var. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/MPMI-01-20-0021-ADOI Listing

The polymorphism of bovine gene sequence variants and association analysis with growth traits in Qinchuan cattle.

Anim Biotechnol 2020 May 27:1-7. Epub 2020 May 27.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China.

In our study, four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified in exon 2 of () gene in 488 Chinese Qinchuan (QC) cattle, which included two missense mutations T 2084G and G 2107C, two synonymous mutations T 2052C and T 2169C. Further, we evaluated haplotype frequency and linkage disequilibrium (LD) coefficient of four SNPs. At SNP T 2052C, G 2107C and T 2169C, the QC cattle population belonged to intermediate genetic diversity (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10495398.2020.1769117DOI Listing

Pharmabiotic beads with improved encapsulation and gut survival for management of colonic inflammation associated gut derangements.

J Drug Target 2020 May 27:1-25. Epub 2020 May 27.

University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University Chandigarh, India.

Encapsulation techniques and materials, explored for addressing compromised probiotic gut survival, report significant production losses resulting in <10% entrapment. Presently, we report three-time enhanced entrapment (30 ± 1.2%) of (LAB) in calcium-alginate beads, by modifying process parameters and employing polyethylene glycol (PEG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1061186X.2020.1775838DOI Listing

Pretreatment of crop residues by ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX) alters the temporal colonization of feed in the rumen by rumen microbes.

FEMS Microbiol Ecol 2020 Jun;96(6)

Lethbridge Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lethbridge, AB, T1J 4B1, Canada.

This study examines the colonization of barley straw (BS) and corn stover (CS) by rumen bacteria and how this is impacted by ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX) pre-treatment. A total of four ruminally cannulated beef heifers were used to investigate in situ microbial colonization in a factorial design with two crop residues, pre-treated with or without AFEX. Crop residues were incubated in the rumen for 0, 2, 4, 8 and 48 h and the colonizing profile was determined using 16 s rRNA gene sequencing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiaa074DOI Listing

P53 and H3K4me2 activate N6-methylated LncPGCAT-1 to regulate primordial germ cell formation via MAPK signaling.

J Cell Physiol 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Key Laboratory of Animal Breeding Reproduction and Molecular Design for Jiangsu Province, College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China.

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in the formation of primordial germ cells (PGCs); however, the identity of the key lncRNAs and the molecular mechanisms responsible for the formation of PGCs remain unknown. Here, we identify a key candidate lncRNA (lncRNA PGC transcript-1, LncPGCAT-1) via RNA sequencing of embryonic stem cells, PGCs, and Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). Functional experiments confirmed that LncPGCAT-1 positively regulated the formation of PGCs by elevating the expression of Cvh and C-kit while downregulating the pluripotency(Nanog) in vitro and in vivo; PAS staining of genital ridges in vivo also showed that interference with LncPGCAT-1 can significantly reduce the number of PGCs in genital ridges, while overexpression of LncPGCAT-1 had the opposite result. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.29805DOI Listing

Discrimination of milk species using Raman spectroscopy coupled with PLS-DA in raw and pasteurized milk.

J Sci Food Agric 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hacettepe University, Beytepe Campus, 06800, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Heat treatment is the most common practice for the microbiological safety of milk; hence determination of the heat-treatment of milk is essential. Also, mislabeling or adulteration of expensive milk samples like ewe or goat milk with cow's milk is a growing problem in the dairy market. Thus, the determination of the authenticity of milk samples has crucial importance for both producers and consumers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10534DOI Listing

QTL mapping for pre-harvest sprouting resistance in japonica rice varieties utilizing genome re-sequencing.

Mol Genet Genomics 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration (RDA), Jeonju, 54874, South Korea.

Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) leads to serious economic losses because of reductions in yield and quality. To analyze the quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for PHS resistance in japonica rice, PHS rates on panicles were measured in 160 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a cross between the temperate japonica varieties Odae (PHS resistant) and Unbong40 (PHS susceptible) under two different environmental conditions-field (summer) and greenhouse (winter) environments. Genome re-sequencing of the parental varieties detected 266,773 DNA polymorphisms including 248,255 single nucleotide polymorphisms and 18,518 insertions/deletions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00438-020-01688-4DOI Listing

Bioactive Phenolic Compounds From Agri-Food Wastes: An Update on Green and Sustainable Extraction Methodologies.

Front Nutr 2020 7;7:60. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy.

Phenolic compounds are broadly represented in plant kingdom, and their occurrence in easily accessible low-cost sources like wastes from agri-food processing have led in the last decade to an increase of interest in their recovery and further exploitation. Indeed, most of these compounds are endowed with beneficial properties to human health (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2020.00060DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7221145PMC

Isolation, Characterization and Chemical Synthesis of Large Spectrum Antimicrobial Cyclic Dipeptide (l-leu-l-pro) from V16R3Y1 Bacteria Extracts. A Novel H NMR Metabolomic Approach.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2020 May 21;9(5). Epub 2020 May 21.

LR03ES03, Laboratoire de Microorganismes et Biomolécules Actives, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université Tunis Manar, Tunis 2092, Tunisia.

Streptomyces is the most frequently described genus of Actinomycetes, a producer of biologically active secondary metabolites. Indeed, the Streptomyces species produces about 70% of antibiotics and 60% of antifungal molecules used in agriculture. Our study was carried out with the goal of isolating and identifying antimicrobial secondary metabolites from V16R3Y1 isolated from the date palm rhizosphere (southern Tunisia). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9050270DOI Listing

Molecular Mechanisms Underlying the Absorption of Aglycone and Glycosidic Flavonoids in a Caco-2 BBe1 Cell Model.

ACS Omega 2020 May 6;5(19):10782-10793. Epub 2020 May 6.

Guelph Research & Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 93 Stone Road West, Guelph, Ontario N1G 5C9, Canada.

The mechanisms of cellular absorption and transport underlying the differences between flavonoid aglycones and glycosides and the effect of the structural feature are not well established. In this study, aglycone, mono-, and diglycosides of quercetin and cyanidin were selected to examine the effects of the structural feature on the bioavailability of flavonoids using hexose transporters SGLT1 and GLUT2 in a Caco-2 BBe1 cell model. Cellular uptake and transport of all glycosides were significantly different. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.0c00379DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7240828PMC

Respiratory Bacterial Microbiota in Cattle: From Development to Modulation to Enhance Respiratory Health.

Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2020 Jul;36(2):297-320

Lethbridge Research and Development Center, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.

The respiratory tract of cattle is colonized by complex bacterial ecosystems also known as bacterial microbiotas. These microbiotas evolve over time and are shaped by numerous factors, including maternal vaginal microbiota, environment, age, diet, parenteral antimicrobials, and stressful events. The resulting microbiota can be diverse and enriched with known beneficial bacteria that can provide colonization resistance against bacterial pathogens or, on the contrary, with opportunistic pathogens that can predispose cattle to respiratory disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cvfa.2020.03.001DOI Listing

Contributions of tenderness, juiciness and flavor liking to overall liking of beef in Europe.

Meat Sci 2020 May 19;168:108190. Epub 2020 May 19.

INRAE, Université Clermont Auvergne, VetAgro Sup, UMR1213, Recherches sur les Herbivores, F-63122 Saint Genès Champanelle, France. Electronic address:

This study evaluated the contributions of sensory traits to overall liking in Europe. Perceptions by untrained consumers of tenderness, juiciness, flavor liking and overall liking were determined using the Meat Standards Australia protocols. According to European consumer testing with European beef samples, flavor liking was the most important contributor (39%) to beef overall liking, followed by tenderness (31%) and juiciness (24%) (P < . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2020.108190DOI Listing