11,058 results match your criteria Agri : Agri Algoloji Dernegi'nin Yayin organidir = The journal of the Turkish Society of Algology[Journal]


The characteristic of Arachis duranensis-specific genes and their potential function.

Gene 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Grassland Agri-husbandry Research Center, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao, China. Electronic address:

Arachis species produce flowers aerially, and then grow into the ground, where they develop into fruits; a feature that is unique to Arachis species. We hypothesized that Arachis species evolved genes specifically involved in the control of aerial flowers and the formation of underground fruits. Arachis duranensis is more resistant to biotic and abiotic stressors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2019.04.052DOI Listing

Detection and Characterization of Hemotropic Mycoplasmas in Bats in Chile.

J Wildl Dis 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

4 Laboratorio de Ecología del Paisaje y Conservación, Departamento de Ciencias Forestales y Medioambiente, Universidad de La Frontera, P.D. Box 45-D, Temuco, Chile.

Hemoplasma DNA was found in 22% (12/55) of samples from six bat species in Chile, including one of three big-eared brown bats (), one of three small big-eared brown bats (), and 10 of 27 Chilean myotis (). Characterization of the 16S rRNA gene identified three genotypes phylogenetically related to other bat, rodent, and human hemoplasmas. Read More

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Moth responses to sympathetic hedgerow management in temperate farmland.

Agric Ecosyst Environ 2019 Feb;270-271:55-64

University of Bristol, School of Biological Sciences, Life Sciences Building, 24 Tyndall Avenue, BS8 1TQ, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Hedgerows provide valuable habitats and corridors for many species in farmland, yet a lack of appropriate management may threaten their benefits to biodiversity. Although agri-environment scheme (AES) prescriptions on hedgerow management have the potential to reverse the detrimental effect of over-trimming on wildlife, their effectiveness has rarely been addressed. The aims of the study were to (i) assess moth responses to trimming regimes; and (ii) investigate the influence of the surrounding landscape on moth assemblages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2018.10.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472680PMC
February 2019

Fate and transport of urea-N in a rain-fed ridge-furrow crop system with plastic mulch.

Soil Tillage Res 2019 Mar;186:214-223

Department of Agricultural Soil Science, Georg-August-University of Göttingen, Göttingen, 37077, Germany.

A better understanding of the fate and transport of fertilizer nitrogen (N) is critical to maximize crop yields and minimize negative environmental impacts. Plastic film mulching is widely used in drylands to increase soil water use efficiency and crop yields, but the effects on fertilizer N use efficiency need to be evaluated. A field experiment with N-urea (260 kg N ha) was conducted to determine the fate and transport of fertilizer N in a ridge-furrow system with plastic film mulched ridge (Plastic), compared with a flat system without mulching (Open). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2018.10.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472667PMC

When natural enemies go to sleep: diapause induction and termination in the pear psyllid predator Pilophorus gallicus (Hemiptera: Miridae).

Pest Manag Sci 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Murcia Institute of Agri-Food Research and Development, (Instituto Murciano de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario - IMIDA), C/ Mayor s/n, 30150 La Alberca, Murcia, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.5451DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Physicochemical properties of starches from vitreous and floury endosperms from the same maize kernels.

Food Chem 2019 Sep 6;291:149-156. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province/Key Laboratory of Plant Functional Genomics of the Ministry of Education, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China; Co-Innovation Center for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops of Jiangsu Province/Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture & Agri-Product Safety of the Ministry of Education, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China. Electronic address:

Starches were isolated from vitreous and floury endosperms from the same kernels, and their physicochemical properties were investigated to reveal their differences. Starch from vitreous endosperm had more surface indentations, larger granule size, and higher contents of protein, amylose and damaged starch than that from floury endosperm. Both starches from vitreous and floury endosperms exhibited A-type crystalline structure, but starch from vitreous endosperm had lower relative crystallinity and lamellar peak intensity than that from floury endosperm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.04.024DOI Listing
September 2019

Estimating cumulative wastewater treatment plant discharge influences on acesulfame and Escherichia coli in a highly impacted watershed with a fully-integrated modelling approach.

Water Res 2019 Mar 22;157:647-662. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Aquanty Inc., Waterloo, Ontario, Canada; Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) discharge is often considered a principal source of surface water contamination. In this study, a three-dimensional fully-integrated groundwater-surface water model was used to simulate the transport characteristics and cumulative loading of an artificial sweetener (acesulfame) and fecal indicator bacteria (Escherichia coli) from WWTPs within a 6800 km mixed-use, highly impacted watershed in Ontario, Canada. The model, which employed 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2019.03.041DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of cardiovascular risk by growth-differentiation factor-15 and tissue Doppler imaging in children with subclinical hypothyroidism.

Endocrine 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Biochemistry, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Konya, Turkey.

Objective: Subclinical hypothyroidism, defined as increased TSH serum levels and normal serum free T4 concentrations, has been associated with an increased risk of heart disease in adults. But, data in children and adolescents are scanty and treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism is controversial. Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is a promising biomarker of cardiac remodeling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-019-01933-wDOI Listing

Mycotoxin Testing Paradigm: Challenges and Opportunities for the Future.

J AOAC Int 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, London Research and Development Centre, London N5V 4T3, ON, Canada.

Mycotoxins are one of the great global challenges to agri-food and feed safety. Industry requires fast, reliable, and economical testing methods for the most important regulated mycotoxins to manage this problem. Climate change and changes in agricultural practice are complicating this situation, triggering the movement of some mycotoxins into new regions, which are unprepared for their management. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5740/jaoacint.19-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5740/jaoacint.19-0046DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Biodegradation Profiles of Proanthocyanidin-Accumulating Alfalfa Plants Coexpressing Lc- bHLH and C1-MYB Transcriptive Flavanoid Regulatory Genes.

J Agric Food Chem 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Animal and Poultry Science, College of Agriculture and Bioresources , University of Saskatchewan , 51 Campus Drive , Saskatoon , SK Canada , S7N5A8.

The utilization of the nutrient potential of alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L.) cannot be maximized because of its rapidly degradable protein content in the rumen, leading to waste and various digestive disorders. This might be alleviated if protein-binding proanthocyanidins are present in aerial parts of alfalfa forage in adequate amounts. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jafc.9b00495
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.9b00495DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Differential Nitrogen Nutrition Modifies Polyamines and the Amino-Acid Profile of Sweet Pepper Under Salinity Stress.

Front Plant Sci 2019 2;10:301. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Crop Production and Agri-Tecnology, Murcia Institute of Agri-Food Research and Development, Murcia, Spain.

The horticultural industry demands high-quality resources to achieve excellence in yield and optimal revenues. Nitrogen is a pivotal nutrient to accomplish these goals for plant growth and product quality. However, competition for water in semi-arid regions can force the use of brackish waters, which can impair N uptake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00301DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454138PMC

A Review on Non-thermal Atmospheric Plasma for Food Preservation: Mode of Action, Determinants of Effectiveness, and Applications.

Front Microbiol 2019 2;10:622. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Food Hygiene and Technology, Universidad de León, León, Spain.

Non-thermal Atmospheric Plasma (NTAP) is a cutting-edge technology which has gained much attention during the last decade in the food-processing sector as a promising technology for food preservation and maintenance of food safety, with minimal impact on the quality attributes of foods, thanks to its effectiveness in microbial inactivation, including of pathogens, spoilage fungi and bacterial spores, simple design, ease of use, cost-effective operation, short treatment times, lack of toxic effects, and significant reduction of water consumption. This review article provides a general overview of the principles of operation and applications of NTAP in the agri-food sector. In particular, the numerous studies carried out in the last decade aimed at deciphering the influence of different environmental factors and processing parameters on the microbial inactivation attained are discussed. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00622
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00622DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454144PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Should we ban total phenolics and antioxidant screening methods? The link between antioxidant potential and activation of NF-κB using phenolic compounds from grape by-products.

Food Chem 2019 Aug 28;290:229-238. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Biochemistry, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, A1B 3X9, Canada. Electronic address:

Free radical imbalance is associated with several chronic diseases. However, recent controversies have put in check the validity of colorimetric methods to screen the functionality of polyphenols. Therefore, in this study two antioxidant methods, based on chemical reactions, were tested for their ability in anticipating the reduction of the activation of NF-κB using LPS-activated RAW 264. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.03.145DOI Listing
August 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of Cytotoxicity and Mould Contamination of Selected Plants from Meadows Covered by the Agri-Environmental Program.

Toxins (Basel) 2019 Apr 17;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Physiology and Toxicology, Institute of Experimental Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Kazimierz Wielki University, Chodkiewicza 30, 85-064 Bydgoszcz, Poland.

The aim of the study was the evaluation of selected species of meadow plants obtained from the first cut from the area covered by the agri-environmental program 'Natura 2000' in terms of the presence of cytotoxic compounds detected by the MTT test and the level of fungal contamination. The research was carried out on plant species that were evaluated differently in previously used methods for quality assessment of pasture feeds according to Klapp and Filipek. Twenty-six plant species were harvested in 2014 from meadows located in the valley of the Bydgoszcz Canal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins11040228DOI Listing

The Influence of Diet on MicroRNAs that Impact Cardiovascular Disease.

Molecules 2019 Apr 17;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and the Canadian Centre for Agri-food Research in Health and Medicine (CCARM), Albrechtsen Research Centre, St. Boniface Hospital, Winnipeg, MB R2H2A6, Canada.

Food quality and nutritional habits strongly influence human health status. Extensive research has been conducted to confirm that foods rich in biologically active nutrients have a positive impact on the onset and development of different pathological processes, including cardiovascular diseases. However, the underlying mechanisms by which dietary compounds regulate cardiovascular function have not yet been fully clarified. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/24/8/1509
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081509DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Influence of cultivar, irrigation, ripening stage, and annual variability on the oxidant/antioxidant systems of olives as determined by MDS-PTA.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215540. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Plant Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences (Research Group FBCMP), Extremadura University, Badajoz, Spain.

The phenolic composition and content of olive fruit are some of the attributes that determine oil quality. This composition depends on the olive variety, the cultivation system, and the fruit's ripeness. This study considered two olive varieties (Manzanilla and Morisca), under two water regimes (irrigated and rainfed), harvested at three stages of maturation (S1, S2, and S3), over three consecutive campaigns (2011, 2012, and 2013). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215540PLOS

Co-occurrence analysis reveal that biotic and abiotic factors influence soil fungistasis against Fusarium graminearum.

FEMS Microbiol Ecol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Université de Brest, EA 3882, Laboratoire Universitaire de Biodiversité et Écologie Microbienne, IBSAM, ESIAB, Technopôle Brest-Iroise, 29280 Plouzané, France.

The current study determined the levels of soil fungistasis against a soil-borne pathogen inoculum, Fusarium graminearum (Fg, a major causal agent of Fusarium Head Blight (FHB)), in 31 wheat fields by quantifying Fg growth after a 15-day incubation period using qPCR in autoclaved versus non-autoclaved soils. The results were used to define the six most Fg-resistant and the six most Fg-conducive soils. By using a metabarcoding approach, the diversity of the bacterial communities was significantly higher in Fg-resistant soils than in Fg-conducive soils. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/femsec/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiz056DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Development of electrochemical biosensor based on CNT-FeO nanocomposite to determine formaldehyde adulteration in orange juice.

J Food Sci Technol 2019 Apr 18;56(4):1829-1840. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

2CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi, 110012 India.

An electrochemical biosensor was developed to determine formaldehyde (HCHO) adulteration commonly found in food. The current responses of various electrodes based on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and synthesized nanocomposite (CNT-FeO) were measured using cyclic voltammetry. The nanocomposite based biosensor shows comparatively high sensitivity (527 µA mg/L cm), low detection limit (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-019-03635-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443716PMC

Evaluation of factors associated with patient satisfaction and mood-state in regional anesthesia.

Agri 2019 Apr;31(2):57-62

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Izmir Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, İzmir; New affiliation: Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Kocaeli Derince Training and Research Hospital, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate patient satisfaction with a regional anesthesia procedure and factors associated with the mood state of those patients at the time.

Methods: The study was performed with 300 patients who underwent surgery under regional anesthesia. The patients were given a questionnaire while in the recovery room about the experience of undergoing regional anesthesia to determine patient satisfaction and mood state during the procedure. Read More

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http://www.agridergisi.com/jvi.aspx?pdir=agri&plng=eng&a
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/agri.2018.71363DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Treatment of calcific tendinitis of the rotator cuff with platelet-rich plasma injection: A case report.

Agri 2019 Apr;31(2):107-110

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Rotator cuff calcific tendinitis is a common shoulder disorder that usually subsides spontaneously. Some patients, however, do not show any improvement in the pain after conservative treatment for an extended period of time. The aim of this report was to demonstrate the improvement in a patient with calcific tendinitis of infraspinatus following treatment with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/agri.2017.60343DOI Listing

Can we use magnesium for sedation in the intensive care unit for critically ill patients: Is it as effective as other sedatives?

Agri 2019 Apr;31(2):86-92

Department of Anesthiology and Reanimation, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of this prospective, randomized study was to investigate the effect of magnesium added to midazolam on the hemodynamics, transition time to a T-piece, mechanical ventilation duration, additional sedative-analgesic requirement using bispectral index (BIS) monitorization and sedation scales.

Methods: Fifty critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation support in the intensive care unit were randomly assigned to 2 groups. Group I received a 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14744/agri.2019.59244DOI Listing

[The use of neurostimulation with ultrasound-guided brachial plexus block: Does it increase success?]

Agri 2019 Apr;31(2):79-85

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.

Objectives: Infraclavicular brachial plexus blockade is an anesthetic technique used for operations of the hand, wrist, and elbow. Ultrasound (US)-guidance is a recent addition to the surgical technique. The aim of this study was to compare the use of US alone and US with a nerve stimulator in an infraclavicular brachial plexus blockade in terms of the performance time, successful blockade rate, and the quality of sensory block. Read More

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http://www.agridergisi.com/jvi.aspx?pdir=agri&plng=eng&a
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/agri.2018.44827DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[Hematoma of thight as popliteal block complication].

Agri 2019 Apr;31(2):101-103

Department of Anesthesia and Reanimation, Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey.

This report was submitted to share an experience of the development of a local hematoma as a complication following ultrasound-guided popliteal block performance in a 92-year-old, American Society of Anaesthesiologists class III, male patient undergoing surgical excision of a malignant melanoma lesion in the base of the left foot performed by the plastic surgery department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/agri.2017.35693DOI Listing

Acetaminophen to reduce postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing strabismus surgery.

Agri 2019 Apr;31(2):111

Department of Anesthesiology, Rhode Island Hospital, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/agri.2018.31644DOI Listing

Transforaminal epidural steroid injection and infraneural approach.

Agri 2019 Apr;31(2):104-106

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Pain Clinic, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.

Transforaminal epidural steroid injections are a common intervention in the treatment of radicular pain. Complications are rare, but can be catastrophic. One of the potentially devastating complications is occlusion of the artery of Adamkiewicz (AKA). Read More

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http://www.agridergisi.com/jvi.aspx?pdir=agri&plng=eng&a
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/agri.2017.26097DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[A retrospective investigation of the efficiency of transforaminal anterior epidural steroid injections in patients with low back pain and the effects of interventional pain therapy on quality of life].

Agri 2019 Apr;31(2):93-100

Division of Algology, Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of transforaminal anterior epidural steroid and local anesthetic injections (TAESE) and the effects on quality of life in patients with low back pain.

Methods: The study patients (n=191) were divided into 3 groups: disc herniation (DH), failed back surgery (FBS), and spinal stenosis (SS). A visual analog scale (VAS) and verbal pain scale (VPS) were used to assess patient pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/agri.2018.20438DOI Listing

Knowledge and attitudes of nursing students about pain management.

Agri 2019 Apr;31(2):70-78

Department of Medical Nursing, Ege University Faculty of Nursing, İzmir, Turkey.

Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to examine the knowledge and attitudes of Turkish nursing students about pain management.

Methods: The participants in this cross-sectional study were 190 nursing students who were studying at a nursing faculty in western Turkey. The research data were collected between March and June of the academic year 2015-2016, using a Student Description Form and the Nurses' Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain (NKASRP). Read More

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http://www.agridergisi.com/jvi.aspx?pdir=agri&plng=eng&a
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/agri.2018.10437DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The short-term effect of PRP on chronic pain in knee osteoarthritis.

Agri 2019 Apr;31(2):63-69

Department of Biochemistry, Istanbul Silivri Medicalpark Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: The administration of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), which increases the release of growth factors targeting cartilage regeneration, is used in an effort to relieve pain in knee osteoarthritis (OA). This study measured the short-term efficacy of PRP on chronic pain in patients with OA of the knee.

Methods: Patients with chronic knee pain and grade 2-4 knee OA based on the Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) classification were enrolled in the study. Read More

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http://www.agridergisi.com/jvi.aspx?pdir=agri&plng=eng&a
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14744/agri.2019.81489DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[Ammonia volatilization under different nitrogen and water treatments of tomato-watermelon rotation system in solar greenhouse in Losses Plateau, China].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2019 Apr;30(4):1278-1286

College of Nature Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China.

To understand the characteristics of ammonia volatilization in Losses Plateau, an experiment was conducted in a typical solar greenhouse involving four treatments. Intermittent ventilation chamber method was used to measure NH volatilization over the period of tomato-watermelon rotation. The results showed that nitrogen transformation was rapid in solar greenhouse system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13287/j.1001-9332.201904.016DOI Listing

[Effects of the substitution of inorganic nitrogen by organic nitrogen fertilizer on maize grain yield and water and nitrogen use efficiency under plastic film fully mulched ridge-furrow in semi-arid area].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2019 Apr;30(4):1199-1206

Gansu Provincial Key Laboratory of Arid Land Crop Science, Lanzhou 730070, China.

To improve water and nitrogen (N) fertilizer use efficiency, increase sustainable agricultural production, and explore the appropriate substitution level of inorganic N fertilizer by organic fertilizer in the semi-arid region of the western Loess Plateau, a three-year field experiment was conducted at the Dingxi Agri-ecological Station in 2016-2018. We examined the effects of commercial organic fertilizer substitution on maize grain yield as well as the use efficiency of water and N fertilizer under plastic film fully mulched ridge-furrow in dryland. There were six fertilizer treatments: T, N fertilizer without organic fertilizer; T, substitution 50% inorganic-N with organic-N; T, substitution 37. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13287/j.1001-9332.201904.025DOI Listing

[Effects of silicon fertilizer on nitrogen and phosphorus contents in the rice-surface water-soil of paddy field].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2019 Apr;30(4):1127-1134

Longping Branch, Graduate School of Hunan University, Changsha 410125, China.

Examining the effects of silicon fertilizer on the yield of double-cropping rice and the leaching loss of soil nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) could provide a basis for the optimization of formula fertilizer and the comprehensive control technique of agricultural surface source pollution in typical double cropping paddy field. A field experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of silicon fertilizer of 0, 750, 1500, 2250 and 3000 kg·hm(T, T, T, T, T) on yield and N and P absorption of double-cropping rice, dynamics of N and P in the field surface water, soil available silicon, organic matter, alkali nitrogen and available phosphorus under the fixed nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers. The results showed that compared with control (T), the silicon fertilizer increased the yield of early and late rice by 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13287/j.1001-9332.201904.032DOI Listing

A single-base change at a splice site in Wx-A1 caused incorrect RNA splicing and gene inactivation in a wheat EMS mutant line.

Theor Appl Genet 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Triticeae Research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130, Sichuan, China.

Key Message: An EMS-induced single-base mutation at a splice site caused abnormal RNA splicing and resulted in the gene inactivation and the lack of Wx-A1 protein in a wheat EMS mutant line. An EMS-mutagenized population was generated using common wheat cv. SM126 consisting of 10,600 M2 plants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-019-03340-1DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Production of bioplastic through food waste valorization.

Environ Int 2019 Apr 13;127:625-644. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Microbiology, Pukyong National University, Pusan 48513, Republic of Korea.

The tremendous amount of food waste from diverse sources is an environmental burden if disposed of inappropriately. Thus, implementation of a biorefinery platform for food waste is an ideal option to pursue (e.g. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01604120193013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.03.076DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Assessing the relationship between organic farming practices and microbiological characteristics of organic lettuce varieties (Lactuca sativa L.) grown in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

J Appl Microbiol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Food Research Center (FoRC), Department of Food and Experimental Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 580, B14, 05508-000, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Aims: This study aimed to gather information on farming practices employed in organic lettuce fields in Sao Paulo, Brazil and associate these practices with the microbiological characteristics of the products.

Methods And Results: Practices were surveyed using a questionnaire applied in ten farms, where 200 heads of lettuce were collected and submitted to enumeration of total coliforms and generic Escherichia coli and tested for Salmonella spp. using culture and molecular (qPCR) methods. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jam.14281
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jam.14281DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Comparison study of zinc nanoparticles and zinc sulphate on wheat growth: From toxicity and zinc biofortification.

Chemosphere 2019 Apr 1;227:109-116. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, 712100, Shaanxi, China; Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and the Agri-environment in Northwest China, Ministry of Agriculture, Yangling, 712100, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address:

ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) are studied as a potential solution to alleviate Zn deficiency in human diet due to their special physicochemical properties. However, information for food quality and safety in NP-treated crops is limited. The effects of ZnO NPs and ZnSO on germination and growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00456535193061
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.03.168DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

The Ionomics of Lettuce Infected by pv. .

Front Plant Sci 2019 22;10:351. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Département de Biologie, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada.

Bacterial leaf spot (BLS) caused by pv. () places a major constraint on lettuce production worldwide. The most sustainable strategy known to date for controlling BLS is the use of resistant cultivars. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpls.2019.00351/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00351DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448033PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Qualifying the effects of single and multiple stressors on the food web structure of Dutch drainage ditches using a literature review and conceptual models.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management, Wageningen University and Research, P.O. Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, the Netherlands; Wageningen Environmental Research, Wageningen University and Research, PO Box 47, 6700 AA, Wageningen, the Netherlands.

In September 2017, a workshop was held at Wageningen University and Research to determine the current state of knowledge of multiple stressor effects on aquatic ecosystems and to assess how to improve prediction of these effects. We developed a theoretical framework that integrates species-level responses to stressors to predict how these effects propagate through higher levels of biological organisation. Here, we present the application of the framework for drainage ditch ecosystems in the Netherlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.497DOI Listing

Effect of Flammulina velutipes on the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of Cantonese sausages.

Meat Sci 2019 Apr 3;154:22-28. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Sericultural & Agri-Food Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou 510610, PR China; Key Laboratory of Functional Foods, Ministry of Agriculture, Guangzhou 510610, PR China; Guangdong Key Laboratory of Agricultural Products Processing, Guangzhou 510610, PR China.

The effects of fresh and dried Flammulina velutipes (FFV and DFV) on quality and sensory characteristics of Cantonese sausages were investigated. Sausage samples were prepared by adding 0% (control), 2.5% FFV, 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2019.04.003DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads
2.615 Impact Factor

Effects of intrathecal verapamil on cerebral vasopasm in experimental rat study.

World Neurosurg 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Verapamil-a calcium-channel blocker-has shown promising results on cerebral vasospasm. However, it has not yet been accepted for the treatment or prevention purposes because of the associated side-effects. Although effective results of nimodipine and nicardipine's intrathecal administration are well-known, intrathecal verapamil has not been considered earlier. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.04.050DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Targeted metabolite profiling to gain chemometric insight into Indian pomegranate cultivars and elite germplasm.

J Sci Food Agric 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India.

Background: Pomegranate fruit is an excellent source of bioactive polyphenolics, known to contribute significantly to human health. India is the largest producer of pomegranate in the world and produces finest quality fruit with highly desirable consumer traits such as soft seeds, low acidity and attractive fruit and aril colour. Knowledge on extent of variation in key metabolites (sugars, organic acids, phenolics, and anthocyanins) is key to selecting superior genotypes for germplasm improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.9751DOI Listing

Larval and phenological traits predict insect community response to mowing regime manipulations.

Ecol Appl 2019 Apr 12:e01900. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Division of Conservation Biology, Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Bern, Balzerstrasse 6, 3012, Bern, Switzerland.

For the restoration of biodiversity in agricultural grasslands, it's essential to understand how management acts as an ecological filter on the resident species. Mowing constitutes such a filter: only species that possess functional traits enabling them to withstand its consequences can persist in the community. We investigated how the timing of mowing modulates this filtering effect for insects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eap.1900DOI Listing

The importance of slow canopy wilting in drought tolerance in soybean.

J Exp Bot 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Division of Plant Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Slow canopy wilting (SW) is a water-conservation trait controlled by quantitative trait loci (QTL) in late maturity-group soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jxb/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jxb
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erz150DOI Listing
April 2019
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Hyperthermia is more important than hypoxia as a cause of disrupted spermatogenesis and abnormal sperm.

Theriogenology 2019 Apr 1;131:177-181. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

We tested the hypothesis that hypoxia replicates effects of hyperthermia on reducing number and quality of sperm produced, whereas hyperoxia mitigates effects of hyperthermia. Forty-eight CD-1 mice (∼50 d old), inspired air with 13, 21, or 95% O and were exposed to ambient temperatures of 20 or 36 °C (3 × 2 factorial, six groups) twice for 12 h (separated by 12 h at 20 °C and 21% O), with euthanasia 14 or 20 d after first exposure. Combined for both post-exposure intervals, there were primarily main effects of temperature; mice exposed to 20 vs 36 °C had differences in testis weight (110. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0093691X183095
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2019.03.040DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Levosimendan ameliorates cisplatin-induced ototoxicity: Rat model.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 5;122:70-75. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Ataturk University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry, Erzurum, Turkey.

Objectives: Cisplatin is employed for chemotherapeutic purposes in several types of adult and pediatric cancer. However, side-effects including nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, gastrointestinal effects and neuropathy restrict the use of the drug due to their adverse impacts on quality of life. This study aimed to determine whether levosimendan exhibits a protective effect against cisplatin-related ototoxicity in a rat model by means of functional, biochemical and histochemical analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.04.004DOI Listing
April 2019
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The genetic structure of flax illustrates environmental and anthropogenic selections that gave rise to its eco-geographical adaptation.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Ottawa Research and Development Center, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 960 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0C6; Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, 30 Marie Curie, Ottawa ON Canada K1N 6N5. Electronic address:

Flax, one of the eight founder crops of agriculture, has been cultivated for its oil and/or fiber for millennia. Understanding genetic divergence and geographic origins of germplasm in line with their cultivation history and ecological adaptation are essential for conservation and breeding. Here we performed a genome-wide assessment based on more than 51,000 single nucleotide polymorphic sites defining 383 flax accessions from a core collection representing 37 growing countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2019.04.010DOI Listing

Contrasting impacts of two weed species on lowbush blueberry fertilizer nitrogen uptake in a commercial field.

PLoS One 2019 12;14(4):e0215253. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Laboratoire d'écologie végétale et animale, Département des sciences fondamentales, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Saguenay, QC, Canada.

Numerous studies have speculated that lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) is less efficient than weed species at taking up inorganic nitrogen (N) derived from fertilizers, thus raising questions as to the effectiveness of N fertilization in commercial fields. However, competition for acquiring N as well as specific interactions between blueberry and companion weeds characterized by contrasted functional traits remain poorly documented. Here, we assessed fertilizer-derived N acquisition efficiency and biomass production in lowbush blueberry and two common weed species that have different functional traits-sweet fern (Comptonia peregrina), a N2-fixing shrub, and poverty oat grass (Danthonia spicata), a perennial grass-in a commercial blueberry field in Québec, Canada. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215253PLOS
April 2019
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Nutritional values of raw and cooked 'calçots' (Allium cepa L. resprouts), a crop in expansion.

J Sci Food Agric 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Agri-Food Engineering and Biotechnology, BarcelonaTech, Campus Baix Llobregat, Castelldefels, Spain.

Background: 'Calçot' is the Catalan name for the immature floral stems of second-year onion resprouts of the Blanca Tardana de Lleida (BTL) landrace. Highly appreciated for their sensory attributes, these resprouts are typically consumed after roasting on an open fire. Now new preparations are appearing, helping to expand the market for 'calçots'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.9733DOI Listing
April 2019
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Trends of polyphenolics and anthocyanins accumulation along ripening stages of wild edible fruits of Indian Himalayan region.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 11;9(1):5894. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Key Laboratory of Agro-Products Postharvest Handling, Ministry of Agriculture, Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Agri-Food Processing, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, People's Republic of China.

Wild fruits are important food resources that provide health promoting nutraceutical components, which vary with ripening stages. In present study, five wild edible fruits of Indian Himalayan Region i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42270-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6459979PMC

Pacbio Sequencing Reveals Identical Organelle Genomes between American Cranberry ( Ait.) and a Wild Relative.

Genes (Basel) 2019 Apr 10;10(4). Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA.

Breeding efforts in the American cranberry ( Ait.), a North American perennial fruit crop of great importance, have been hampered by the limited genetic and phenotypic variability observed among cultivars and experimental materials. Most of the cultivars commercially used by cranberry growers today were derived from a few wild accessions bred in the 1950s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes10040291DOI Listing

MicroRNA-145 regulates immune cytokines via targeting FSCN1 in S. aureus-induced mastitis in dairy cows.

Reprod Domest Anim 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, 225009, PR China.

Dairy cow mastitis is a detrimental factor in milk quality and food safety. Mastitis generally refers to inflammation caused by infection by pathogenic microorganisms. Our studies in recent years have revealed the role of miRNA regulation in Staphylococcus aureus-induced mastitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rda.13438DOI Listing