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    1865 results match your criteria Aging Clinical and Experimental Research[Journal]

    1 OF 38

    Enhanced recovery after surgery-ERAS-principles, practice and feasibility in the elderly.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Feb 16. Epub 2018 Feb 16.
    Department of Visceral Surgery, CHUV, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    This is a short overview of the principles of a novel development in surgery called enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs. This is an evidence-based approach to perioperative care that has shown to reduce complications and recovery time by 30-50%. The main mechanism is reduction of the stress reactions to the operation. Read More

    Preoperative evaluation of the elderly surgical patient and anesthesia challenges in the XXI century.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Feb 14. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    Perioperative Geriatric Medicine, University of San Marino, Contrada Omerelli, 20, 47890, San Marino, San Marino.
    Universally recognized goals of preoperative anesthesia assessment are the evaluation of patient's health status to define the entity of the surgical risk, and the anticipation of possible complications while optimizing and planning preventive strategies. Data obtained by Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) and frailty evaluation are of extreme usefulness in surgical risk evaluation in older patients and in the decision about surgery. It is from the team-based discussion of such results that the most appropriate treatment can be individuated, surgery invasiveness and duration critically analyzed and if needed modified, and the best perioperative strategy carefully tailored. Read More

    Medico-legal aspects of deaths related to neglect and abandonment in the elderly.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Feb 14. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    Department of Legal and Forensic Medicine, University of Genova, Via De Toni 12, 16132, Genoa, Italy.
    As life expectancy increases, the phenomenon of the neglect of elderly persons is becoming increasingly relevant in the fields of both medicine and social care. This work analyses the cases of two subjects whose deaths initially seemed to have been attributable to natural causes. The autopsy findings and the analysis of clinical data, however, were able to establish that neglect had played a determining role in their deaths. Read More

    Myocardial injury in elderly patients after abdominal surgery.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Feb 12. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, China, No. 1 DaHua Road, Dong Dan, Beijing, 100730, People's Republic of China.
    Background: The development of sensitive myocardial-specific cardiac biomarkers allows for detection of very small amounts of myocardial injury or necrosis. Myocardial injury (MI) as a prelude of the serious perioperative complication myocardial infarction, should be paid more attention, especially in elderly susceptible patients. Myocardial injury after abdominal surgery in elderly patients has not been described yet. Read More

    The development of a new tool for the evaluation of handicap in elderly: the Geriatric Handicap Scale (GHS).
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Feb 10. Epub 2018 Feb 10.
    Division of Gerontology, Department of Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Nephrological, Anesthesiological and Geriatric Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161, Rome, Italy.
    Background: To date, the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) does not include an evaluation tool for handicap.

    Aim: To develop a new instrument for assessing handicap in the elderly: the Geriatric Handicap Scale (GHS).

    Methods: 656 community-dwelling elderly were enrolled in this study. Read More

    Association of pre-operative medication use with post-surgery mortality and morbidity in oncology patients receiving comprehensive geriatric assessment.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    College of Pharmacy and Division of Life Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ewha Womans University, 52 Ewhayeodae-gil Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03760, South Korea.
    Background: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) has become a predictor for elderly cancer patients in post-surgical complications, including post-discharge institutionalization and mortality.

    Aims: To determine whether pre-operative medication use is associated with post-operative morbidity and mortality in oncology patients receiving CGA.

    Methods: Patients aged 65 years or older who were scheduled for cancer surgery and presented for CGA were included in the present study. Read More

    Declining incidence in fall-induced deaths of older adults: Finnish statistics during 1971-2015.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    Tampere Research Center of Sports Medicine, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland.
    Background: Fall-induced deaths of elderly people are a major problem.

    Aim And Methods: Using the Official Cause-of-Death Statistics of Finland, we aimed to determine the current trends in the number and age-adjusted incidence (per 100,000 persons) of fall deaths among older Finns by taking into account 50 years or older persons who died because of a fall-induced injury in 1971-2015.

    Results: Among men, the number of fall-induced deaths increased considerably between 1971 and 2003 (from 162 in 1971 to 564 in 2003), while thereafter, this number has been relatively stable (579 deaths in 2015). Read More

    Geriatricians and the older emergency general surgical patient: proactive assessment and patient centred interventions. Salford-POP-GS.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Salford, UK.
    Increasing numbers of older patients require Emergency admission under General Surgery (EGS). This is a group of heterogeneous and often complex individuals with varying degrees of multimorbidity, polypharmacy, functional, mobility and cognitive impairment. Our article describes the benefits of comprehensive assessment coupled with patient-centred multiprofessional interventions and timely discharge planning. Read More

    Hyperuricemia is associated with short-term outcomes in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    Tangshan Gongren Hospital, Tangshan, Hebei, China.
    Background: Although a lot of studies have  shown serum uric acid (SUA) could be a marker of adverse prognosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction, the role of SUA as a risk factor for myocardial infarction is controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the association between hyperuricemia and short-term outcomes of elderly patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

    Methods: Six hundred and seventy-three elderly patients (≥ 60 years) were divided into high-SUA-level group (group H: N = 168) and low-SUA-level group (group L: N = 505) according to the SUA levels on admission. Read More

    Associations between age and 50 trace element contents and relationships in intact thyroid of males.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Feb 2. Epub 2018 Feb 2.
    Laboratory of Dr. Gabriela CaraveoPiso, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 303 East Chicago Avenue, Ward 10-144, Chicago, IL, 60611-4296, USA.
    Background: It is unclear why a prevalence of thyroid dysfunction is higher in the elderly as compared to the younger population. An excess or deficiency of trace element contents in thyroid may play important role in goitre- and carcinogenesis of gland.

    Aim: To examine the variation with age of the mass fraction of 50 trace elements in intact (normal) male thyroid. Read More

    Effects of aging on temporal predictive mechanisms of speech and hand motor reaction time.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Feb 1. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    Speech Neuroscience Lab, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of South Carolina, 915 Greene Street, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA.
    Evidence from previous studies has suggested that movement execution in younger adults is accelerated in response to temporally predictable vs. unpredictable sensory stimuli. This effect indicates that external temporal information can modulate motor behavior; however, how aging can influence temporal predictive mechanisms in motor system has yet to be understood. Read More

    Utility of the Spanish version of the Everyday Cognition scale in the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment and mild dementia in an older cohort from the Argentina-ADNI.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 29. Epub 2018 Jan 29.
    Center of Aging and Memory of Neurological Research Institute (FLENI), Montañeses 2325, C1428AQK, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Introduction: The performance of activities of daily living in elderly patients with memory disorders is directly related to living independently and to autonomy. Documenting and assessing functional capacity through detailed scales is important for both diagnostic and treatment recommendations. The Everyday Cognition (ECog) scale is a relatively new informant-rated measure of cognitive and functional abilities. Read More

    The effects of a multicomponent intervention program on clinical outcomes associated with falls in healthy older adults.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 25. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
    Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health and Human Services, California State University, Long Beach, USA.
    Background: Multicomponent intervention programs have been shown to be effective in reducing risk factors associated with falls, but the primary target population of these interventions is often low-functioning older adults.

    Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention program focusing on balance and muscle strength for independently functioning community-dwelling older adults.

    Methods: Fifty-three independently functioning older adults, aged 80. Read More

    A web-based multidomain lifestyle intervention with connected devices for older adults: research protocol of the eMIND pilot randomized controlled trial.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 24. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Institut du Vieillissement, Gérontopôle de Toulouse, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Toulouse (CHU Toulouse), 37 allée Jules Guesde, 31000, Toulouse, France.
    Background: Multidomain interventions composed of nutritional counseling, exercise and cognitive trainings have shown encouraging results as effective preventive strategies delaying age-related declines. However, these interventions are time- and resource-consuming. The use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) might facilitate the translation from research into real-world practice and reach a massive number of people. Read More

    Pre- and postoperative management of risk factors for postoperative delirium: who is in charge and what is its essence?
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 20. Epub 2018 Jan 20.
    Geriatric Perioperative Medicine, San Marino University, San Marino, Republic of San Marino.
    Postoperative delirium (POD) is an adverse clinical outcome characterized by cognitive, affective and behavioral symptoms with typically an acute onset and a fluctuating course. POD is attributed to certain patients' predisposing factors as well as to treatment-related precipitating factors. While there are several single-component interventions for the prevention of POD, evolving evidence suggests the importance of a system approach in the prevention of POD. Read More

    Emotional and social characteristics of stroke patients with low verbal memory.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 17. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    The Institute of Psychology, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Plac Litewski 5, 20-080, Lublin, Poland.
    Background: Cognitive deficits, especially problems with memory observed after stroke often coexist with patients' experience of difficulties in everyday life situations.

    Aims: The purposes of the study were to explore the relationships between verbal memory, emotional functioning and social competence in stroke patients, and to examine the emotional and social condition of stroke patients with low verbal memory.

    Methods: Ninety-five participants were assessed with the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, the Neuropsychology Behavior and Affect Profile, and the Social Competency Questionnaire. Read More

    Geriatric nutritional risk index as a simple tool for assessment of malnutrition among geriatrics in Northwest of Iran: comparison with mini nutritional assessment.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 16. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of health, Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, 5166614711, Iran.
    Background: Older people are more likely to develop nutritional problems and timely diagnosis of malnutrition is crucial to prevent hazardous consequences following poor nutrition.

    Aims: To evaluate the efficacy of Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status among non-hospitalized elderly, compared to mini nutritional assessment (MNA) among Iranian seniors.

    Methods: One hundred and sixty-four subjects, aged ≥ 65 years old were recruited to our cross-sectional study from various districts of Tabriz (Tabriz, Iran). Read More

    Interactions between drugs and geriatric syndromes in nursing home and home care: results from Shelter and IBenC projects.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 16. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Department of Gerontology, Neuroscience and Orthopedics, Centro Medicina dell'Invecchiamento, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo F. Vito 1, 00168, Rome, Italy.
    Aim: Drugs may interact with geriatric syndromes by playing a role in the continuation, recurrence or worsening of these conditions. Aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of interactions between drugs and three common geriatric syndromes (delirium, falls and urinary incontinence) among older adults in nursing home and home care in Europe.

    Methods: We performed a cross-sectional multicenter study among 4023 nursing home residents participating in the Services and Health for Elderly in Long-TERm care (Shelter) project and 1469 home care patients participating in the Identifying best practices for care-dependent elderly by Benchmarking Costs and outcomes of community care (IBenC) project. Read More

    The place of frailty and vulnerability in the surgical risk assessment: should we move from complexity to simplicity?
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 15. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Past Chairman Department of Internal Medicine and Aging, University Hospital of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
    Due to aging of the world population, older patients accessing health services are becoming continuously more frequent. This has increased the interest in assessing frailty and vulnerability in all specialties and general medicine. Although the term frailty has been recognized for over 30 years, there is not yet a universally recognized definition, and different care providers assess frailty and vulnerability with dissimilar tools, from very complex to very simple validated scales. Read More

    The potential impact of multidimesional geriatric assessment in the social security system.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 12. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania "L. Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.
    Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of multidimensional geriatric assessment (MGA/CGA) in patients over 65 years old in predicting the release of the accompaniment allowance (AA) indemnity by a Local Medico-Legal Committee (MLC-NHS) and by the National Institute of Social Security Committee (MLC-INPS).

    Methods: In a longitudinal observational study, 200 Italian elder citizens requesting AA were first evaluated by MLC-NHS and later by MLC-INPS. Only MLC-INPS performed a MGA/CGA (including SPMSQ, Barthel Index, GDS-SF, and CIRS). Read More

    Management of care transition and hospital discharge.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 8. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    Department of Medical Sciences, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.
    Current demographic and epidemiological trends highlight a growing task in surgical departments by elderly patients, characterized by high prevalence of comorbidity, complexity, and functional disability. Of consequence, discharge of an elderly patient must be considered in a new cultural perspective and should be imagined as a well-structured process starting from admission to surgical department and finishing with the patient discharge in a setting able to support her/him in the best possible way. The lack of a suitable discharge planning and of a proper transition program in the elderly subjects increases the risk of quick re-admission and may negatively affect the functional and the status quality of life of patients and caregivers. Read More

    Patients' preferences and existential perspective: what to consider and how should patient's expectations be guided?
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 5. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Elderly Care Medicine, University Hospitals of North Midlands, Stoke on Trent, UK.
    With an ageing population, surgical procedures in older patients are becoming increasingly more common. This can pose clinical and ethical dilemmas, during which clinicians need to make complex decisions. In this paper we discuss the importance of assessing mental capacity to assess if the older patient can make his or her own decisions relating to surgery. Read More

    Functional recovery and patient-reported outcomes after surgery.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 5. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.
    This manuscript centers on what surgeons, patients, and hospital administrations want and need to know about the crucial role of functional recovery and patients' reported outcome measure, above all in the elderly population. From all angles, it is clear that elderly patients are unique and their cancer care should be individualized and approached in a multidisciplinary fashion. Evaluation of patient fitness to undergo surgery should be undertaken in the elective and emergent settings. Read More

    Proactive care of older people undergoing surgery.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 4. Epub 2018 Jan 4.
    GSTT, London, UK.
    The number of older patients undergoing surgery is increasing due to changing demographics, surgical and anaesthetic advances and shifts in patient expectations of healthcare. The benefits of surgery in older people are well documented and include symptom control and increased life expectancy. However, older surgical patients present not only with the index pathology requiring surgery but with concurrent age related physiological decline, multimorbidity and geriatric syndromes. Read More

    Prehabilitation: a new area of integration between geriatricians, anesthesiologists, and exercise therapists.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jan 4. Epub 2018 Jan 4.
    Department of Anesthesia, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada.
    Surgery in combination with risk factors such as poor physical and nutritional status have detrimental effects on short- and long-term aspects of recovery and quality of life, especially in elderly patients whose functional reserve is limited. Strategies to minimize these effects and accelerate return to baseline levels have focused on the intra- and post-operative period; however, this may not be the most opportune time to intervene. Instead, the preoperative period may be a more emotionally salient and physically enabling time to initiate an intervention aimed at attenuating surgical stress and enhancing recovery after surgery. Read More

    Relationship between masticatory function and frailty in community-dwelling Japanese elderly.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 28. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Department of Removable Prosthodontics and Gerodontology, Tokyo Dental College, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: Frailty likely results in impaired functioning, and frail individuals requiring long-term care have recently attracted the attention of researchers. In the oral health field, the number of elderly individuals who require intervention for retaining occlusion has been increasing, as has the number of remaining teeth and required prosthetic treatment. Additionally, the number of elderly with reduced masticatory function has also been increasing, and frailty is a suspected factor. Read More

    Both psychological factors and physical performance are associated with fall-related concerns.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 20. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    Division of Health and Rehabilitation, Department of Health Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Background: Fall-related concern strongly correlates to activity avoidance in older people. In this complex phenomenon, different terminology and instruments are often used interchangeably. Three main concepts make up fall-related concerns: fear of falling, consequence concern, and falls self-efficacy. Read More

    The impact of post-resistance exercise protein consumption on subsequent appetite and daily energy intake of sarcopenic older men: a pilot study.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 19. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Faculty of Physical Activity Sciences, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, J1K 2R1, Canada.
    Background: Because of its satiating effect, it has been widely purported that a high-protein beverage may reduce subsequent appetite and food intake in healthy aged individuals, therefore annihilating any supplemental effect.

    Aims: The goal of the study was to examine the impact of a post-exercise protein supplement from dairy products in the hours following resistance exercise on subsequent energy intake, sensation of hunger, appetite and satiety in sarcopenic older men.

    Methods: A randomized double-blind crossover study with three experimental conditions was performed. Read More

    No modifying effect of nutritional status on statins therapy in relation to all-cause death in older patients with coronary artery disease.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 19. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Department of Cardiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, 37 Guoxue Street, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.
    Background: Statins therapy in the secondary prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with a lower risk of adverse cardiovascular events. However, little is known regarding the association of elderly patients with nutritional risk on statin therapy.

    Aims: To investigate whether older patients with CAD who were at nutritional risk gain similar survival benefit from statins therapy as their counterparts without nutritional risk. Read More

    Age at death as a useful indicator of healthy aging at population level: a 50-year follow-up of the Italian Rural Areas of the Seven Countries Study.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 18. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
    Research Centre on Food and Nutrition (CREA-AN), Via Ardeatina 546, Rome, Italy.
    Objectives: To explore age at death (AD), overall and for different causes of death, in a cohort followed up to quasi-extinction.

    Materials And Methods: In 1960, in the Italian Rural Areas of the Seven Countries Study, 1712 men aged 40-59 years were enrolled, examined and then followed up for 50 years. AD was computed for all fatal events and compared across 12 groups of causes of death. Read More

    The association between medical diagnosis and caregiver burden: a cross-sectional study of recipients of informal support and caregivers from the general population study 'Good Aging in Skåne', Sweden.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 13. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, CRC, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, Build. 28 Fl.13, 205 02, Malmo, Sweden.
    Background: Different kinds of chronic diseases might imply different dimensions of caregiver burden, not previously described among the caregivers to recipients from the general elder population.

    Aim: The main objective was to examine differences in burden between the 343 caregivers to persons with different diagnoses.

    Methods: A group of elderly recipients of informal care (n = 343) from the general population study 'Good Aging in Skåne' (GÅS) Sweden, were divided into five diagnostic groups: dementia (n = 90), heart and lung diseases (n = 48), stroke (n = 62), fractures (n = 66), depression (n = 40) and the group "other", consisting of different diagnoses (n = 37) according to ICD-10. Read More

    Metabolic syndrome and disability in Chinese nonagenarians and centenarians.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 12. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    The Center of Gerontology and Geriatrics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No.37 Guoxue Lane, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
    Background: Little is known about the relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and disability in the oldest old.

    Aims: To investigate the possible association between MetS and disability among community-dwelling older adults aged ≥ 90 years.

    Methods: This was a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study. Read More

    A comparison of the impact of physical exercise, cognitive training and combined intervention on spontaneous walking speed in older adults.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 12. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Centre de Recherche, Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie de Montréal, 4545 Chemin Queen-Mary, Montreal, QC, H3W 1W4, Canada.
    Background: Spontaneous walking speed (SWS) is one of the most important indicators of health in older adults. Studies have shown benefits of physical trainings on SWS in older adults but the impact of cognitive training and multidomain interventions remains understudied.

    Aims: This original study aimed at comparing the impact of aerobic/resistance exercise, computerized cognitive training and the combination of both interventions compared with active control conditions on SWS in healthy older adults. Read More

    Impact of musculoskeletal pain on balance and concerns of falling in mobility-limited, community-dwelling Danes over 75 years of age: a cross-sectional study.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 11. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Background: In older adults, musculoskeletal pain is associated with increased concerns of falling, reduced balance and increased occurrence of falls. In younger adults, the intensity of neck pain and low back pain is associated with increased postural sway. It is not known if pain further impairs balance and concerns of falling in mobility-limited older adults, and if so, whether this is associated with different intensities of pain. Read More

    Predictors of long-term care among nonagenarians: the Vitality 90 + Study with linked data of the care registers.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 8. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    Gerontology Research Center, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
    Background: The need for long-term care services increases with age. However, little is known about the predictors of long-term care (LTC) entry among the oldest old.

    Aims: Aim of this study was to assess predictors of LTC entry in a sample of men and women aged 90 years and older. Read More

    Functional capacity improves in-line with neuromuscular performance after 12 weeks of non-linear periodization strength training in the elderly.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 6. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Laboratório de Biomecânica, Centro de Desportos, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Background: While it is accepted that resistance training can improve functional capacity in older individuals, the neuromuscular source of this improvement has yet to be identified.

    Aim: This study investigated the link between improved neuromuscular performance and functional capacity after a 12-week resistance training period in untrained healthy older individuals.

    Methods: Fifteen older men and women (60-71 years) adhered to a 4-week control period, followed by 12 weeks of non-linear resistance training for the lower limbs. Read More

    Outcome of older persons admitted to intensive care unit, mortality, prognosis factors, dependency scores and ability trajectory within 1 year: a prospective cohort study.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 6. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Department of Medical Computing, Saint Esprit Hospital, 47000, Agen, France.
    Background: The outcome and functional trajectory of older persons admitted to intensive care (ICU) unit remain a true question for critical care physicians and geriatricians, due to the heterogeneity of geriatric population, heterogeneity of practices and absence of guidelines.

    Aim: To describe the 1-year outcome, prognosis factors and functional trajectory for older people admitted to ICU.

    Methods: In a prospective 1-year cohort study, all patients aged 75 years and over admitted to our ICU were included according to a global comprehensive geriatric assessment. Read More

    Carrying heavy asymmetrical loads increases postural sway during quiet standing in older adults.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 5. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    School of Life Sciences, Coventry University, Whitefriars Street, Coventry, CV1 2DS, UK.
    Holding asymmetrical loads in the hands is common during many daily and occupational activities which, depending on the load mass, may alter postural stability. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of load magnitude held asymmetrically in the hand on postural sway in older people. Eighteen healthy older adults (age 65. Read More

    Analyzing gait variability and dual-task interference in patients with Parkinson's disease and freezing by means of the word-color Stroop test.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 2. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, via Golgi 39, 20133, Milano, Italy.
    The ability to carry out two tasks at once is critical to effective functioning in the real world and deficits are termed Dual-task interference or effect-DTE. DTE substantially compromised the gait of subjects with Parkinson's disease and freezing of gait (PD + FOG), leading to exaggerated slowing, increasing gait dysrhythmicity, and inducing FOG episodes. This study aimed to investigate the DTE in gait variability of subjects with PD and freezing of gait (PD + FOG). Read More

    Acceptability of physical activity monitoring in older adults undergoing inpatient rehabilitation.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 2. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Background: There is little research into interventions to increase activity levels of hospitalised older adults.

    Aims: To assess the feasibility of using a physical activity monitor (PAL2) in hospitalized older adults and the effect of group exercise on activity levels.

    Methods: Participants were hospitalized, ambulant adults ≥ 65 years randomized to individual physical therapy alone or combined with a high intensity exercise group and wore the PAL2 for five consecutive days. Read More

    Clinical impact of recovery room on post-operative walking performance in elderly patients submitted to hip surgery: a real-world analysis.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 2. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Unit, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital, Florence, Italy.
    Background: Strategies aimed at favouring functional recovery after surgery for hip fracture may be of clinical importance.

    Aims: To test the clinical utility of a recovery room (RR) in terms of postoperative walking performance in an elderly population submitted to hip fracture surgery.

    Methods: Postoperative walking performance at rollator was assessed in 242 consecutive orthogeriatric patients able to follow the institutional physiotherapy protocol starting on day 1 after hip surgery. Read More

    Quality of life in sarcopenia measured with the SarQoL®: impact of the use of different diagnosis definitions.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Dec 1. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    Research Unit in Public Health, Epidemiology and Health Economics (URSAPES), WHO Collaborating Centre for Public Health Aspects of Musculo-Skeletal Health and Aging, University of Liège, Avenue Hippocrate 13, CHU Bât B23, 4000, Liège, Belgium.
    Background: The SarQoL® is a recently developed quality of life questionnaire specific to sarcopenia.

    Aim: To compare the quality of life (QoL) of subjects identified as sarcopenic with that of non-sarcopenic subjects when using six different operational definitions of sarcopenia.

    Methods: Participants of the SarcoPhAge study (Belgium) completed the SarQoL®. Read More

    Sauna bathing, health, and quality of life among octogenarian men: the Helsinki Businessmen Study.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Nov 29. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    University Hospital of Nancy, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, France.
    Background And Aim: Sauna-type bathing has increased worldwide, and it has been related to both harmful and beneficial effects. There are few studies of bathing in sauna in very old age.

    Methods: The series consists of 524 mostly home-living survivors of the Helsinki Businessmen Study (HBS, mean age 86 years, range 80-95), who in 2015 responded to a questionnaire survey about lifestyle (including sauna bathing), prevalent diseases, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL, RAND-36). Read More

    Trajectory and variability characterization of the Montreal cognitive assessment in older adults.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Nov 29. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    Banner Sun Health Research Institute, Center for Healthy Aging, Sun City, AZ, USA.
    Background: The Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) has become one of the most widely used cognitive screening instruments since its initial publication. To date, only a handful of studies have explored longitudinal characteristics of the MoCA.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to characterize the trajectory of MoCA performance across a broad age continuum of older adults. Read More

    Benefits of resistance training in physically frail elderly: a systematic review.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Nov 29. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    Exercise Research Laboratory (LAPEX), Strength Training Research Group, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Felizardo Street, 750 - Jardim Botânico, Porto Alegre, RS, CEP 90690-200, Brazil.
    Aim: Exercise is one of the most important components in frailty prevention and treatment. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the effect of resistance training (RT) alone or combined with multimodal exercise intervention on muscle hypertrophy, maximal strength, power output, functional performance, and falls incidence in physically frail elderly.

    Methods: MEDLINE, Cochrane CENTRAL, PEDro, and SPORTDiscus databases were searched from 2005 to 2017. Read More

    Impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and frailty on long-term outcomes and quality of life after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
    Aging Clin Exp Res 2017 Nov 28. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    Second Department of Cardiology, Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 17 Kopernika St., 31-501, Krakow, Poland.
    Background: Association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and long-term mortality as well as the quality of life (QoL) in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is still unclear.

    Aim: We sought to evaluate the impact of COPD on mortality and QoL of patients with AS undergoing TAVI.

    Methods: A total of 148 consecutive patients who underwent TAVI were enrolled and stratified by history of COPD. Read More

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