826 results match your criteria Aggressive Behavior[Journal]

Infants' preferences for approachers over repulsers shift between 4 and 8 months of age.

Aggress Behav 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Trento, Rovereto, Italy.

Despite its adaptive value for social life, the emergence and the development of the ability to detect agents that cause aversive interactions and distinguish them from potentially affiliative agents (approachers) has not been investigated. We presented infants with a simple interaction involving two agents: one of them (the "repulser") moved toward and pushed the other (the "approacher") which reacted by simply moving toward the repulser without contacting it. We found that 8-month-olds (N = 28) looked longer at the approacher than at the repulser (Experiment 1), whereas 4-month-olds (N = 30) exhibited no preference (Experiment 2). Read More

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Aggressiveness in a subtropical shorebird's nest defense is adjusted to the predator species and shared by conspecifics.

Aggress Behav 2022 May 8. Epub 2022 May 8.

Department of Ecology, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Aggression is an important component of an animal's defense when protecting offspring from predators. Ground nesting birds use a variety of defense strategies. However, their choice according to situation context is poorly known, especially in nonpasserines and in the subtropics and tropics. Read More

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Interpersonal mindfulness and forgiveness: Examining the mediating roles of anger rumination and state anger.

Aggress Behav 2022 Apr 19. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

Measuring mindfulness without accounting for specific contexts may lead to controversial results. This study attempted to examine whether the newly proposed construct of interpersonal mindfulness, mindfulness as it happens within the interpersonal context, was connected to forgiveness and the mechanisms behind this connection. Data were collected from 312 participants using measures of interpersonal mindfulness, trait mindfulness, anger rumination, state anger, self-reported forgiveness, and forgiving behavior. Read More

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Teacher victimization and teachers' subjective well-being: Does school climate matter?

Aggress Behav 2022 Apr 5. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Alberti Center for Bullying Abuse Prevention, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, USA.

Guided by the job demands-resources model, we examined the multilevel associations between victimization experience with student violence directed against teachers, school climate, and teachers' subjective well-being (i.e., school connectedness and teaching efficacy) among 1711 teachers (7th-12th grade) from 58 middle and high schools in China. Read More

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Testing effects of social rejection on aggressive and prosocial behavior: A meta-analysis.

Aggress Behav 2022 Mar 29. Epub 2022 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Social rejection elicits profound feelings of distress. From an evolutionary perspective, the best way to alleviate this distress is to behave prosocially, minimizing the likelihood of further exclusion. Yet, examples ranging from the playground to the pub suggest rejection commonly elicits aggression. Read More

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Gender differences in aggression: A multiplicative function of outward anger expression.

Aggress Behav 2022 Mar 22. Epub 2022 Mar 22.

Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, USA.

Individuals with a higher (vs. lower) tendency to outwardly express anger (i.e. Read More

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Peer relations and friendships in early childhood: The association with peer victimization.

Aggress Behav 2022 Mar 20. Epub 2022 Mar 20.

School of Human Sciences, Institute for Lifecourse Development, University of Greenwich, London, UK.

We examined the association between involvement in peer victimization in early childhood and different measures of peer relations to examine the role of the peer group in victimization with a special focus on the role of the aggressor, defender, and target. Children (N = 200; 45.5% girls) and teachers (N = 8; 100% women) were recruited from three primary schools in the south-east of England. Read More

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Facial width-to-height ratio predicts fighting success: A direct replication and extension of Zilioli et al. (2014).

Aggress Behav 2022 Mar 8. Epub 2022 Mar 8.

School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Zilioli et al. (2014) were the first to show an association between male facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) and physical aggression and fighting ability in professional mixed-martial-arts fighters. Here, we re-examined this relationship by replicating (using all original measures) and extending (using 23 new variables related to fighting performance) Zilioli et al. Read More

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Head start parents' vocational preparedness indirectly predicts preschoolers' physical and relational aggression.

Erin Ruth Baker

Aggress Behav 2022 Mar 6. Epub 2022 Mar 6.

Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, University at Albany, SUNY, Albany, New York, USA.

Severe poverty has profound impacts on child outcomes, yet much of the research on poverty fails to consider the psychological experiences of poverty, frames low-socioeconomic status families as a monolith, and until recently, has not considered the utility of behavior within the poverty context. This short-term (4 months) longitudinal study was designed to consider children's aggression as predicted by their inhibitory control (IC) and parents' experiences of poverty-related strain in an urban Head Start sample. At Time 1, parents reported on their family's economic situation (income, family size), education, vocational preparedness, and completed a measure of psychological economic strain; children (N = 90; Mage = 52. Read More

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Youth perceptions of prevention norms and peer violence perpetration and victimization: A prospective analysis.

Aggress Behav 2022 Feb 16. Epub 2022 Feb 16.

Educational Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.

The purpose of the current study is to prospectively examine the extent to which social norms perceptions regarding commitment to ending sexual violence are associated with subsequent peer victimization and perpetration experiences. Two types of social norms perceptions were examined: 1) peer norms (perceptions of norms among other students in their city), and 2) adult norms (perceptions of norms among adults in their city). Participants were 1259 middle and high school youth from a single school district (three high schools and five middle schools) who completed online surveys at two-time points, 6 months apart. Read More

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February 2022

Opposing effects of NMDA receptor antagonists on early life stress-induced aggression in mice.

Aggress Behav 2022 May 4;48(3):365-373. Epub 2022 Feb 4.

Section on Synapse Development and Plasticity, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Rates of childhood trauma are high amongst violent offenders who frequently recidivate. Few clinical options are available to treat excessive and recurring violent aggression associated with childhood trauma. Those that do exist are largely ineffective and often replete with side effects. Read More

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Toxic behaviors in online multiplayer games: Prevalence, perception, risk factors of victimization, and psychological consequences.

Aggress Behav 2022 May 3;48(3):356-364. Epub 2022 Feb 3.

Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Sport Santé Société, Laboratoire Sherpas, Université d'Artois, Liévin, France.

The rapid proliferation of online multiplayer games has opened a new avenue for aggressive behaviors such as hostile communication, sabotaging, and griefing. The present investigation explores the prevalence, perception, risk factors, and consequences of victimization in toxic behaviors. A total of 2097 Hungarian gamers (88. Read More

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Psychological distress mediates the connection between sleep deprivation and physical fighting in adolescents.

Aggress Behav 2022 May 2;48(3):341-347. Epub 2022 Feb 2.

INSERM U1042, Grenoble, France.

Lack of sleep is common in adolescence, and represents an important threat to adolescents' well-being, academic commitment, and general health. It also has significant behavioral consequences through an increased likelihood of interpersonal violence. Previous studies have demonstrated an association between aggressive behavior and lack of sleep, but the psychological mediators remain completely unexplored. Read More

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Evolutionarily relevant aggressive functions: Differentiating competitive, impression management, sadistic and reactive motives.

Aggress Behav 2022 May 28;48(3):331-340. Epub 2022 Jan 28.

Department of Child and Youth Studies, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.

This study investigated early adolescents' (ages 9-14; M = 11.91) self-reported, evolutionarily relevant motives for using aggression, including competitive, impression management, sadistic, and reactive functions, and examined differential relations with a range of psychosocial characteristics. As expected, competitive functions were associated with aggression and victimization in which the perpetrator had equal or less power than the victim, in line with the view that these are aversive and appetitive motives related to competition with rivals. Read More

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The relationship between closed-mindedness and militant extremism in a post-conflict society.

Aggress Behav 2022 03 26;48(2):253-263. Epub 2022 Jan 26.

The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

This study aimed to examine the role of socio-political attitudes and motivational tendencies supposed to mark closed-mindedness, as well as other relevant variables of individual differences (Disintegration, i.e., proneness to psychotic-like experiences/behaviors and Death Anxiety), in the Militant Extremist Mindset (MEM). Read More

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Capturing mechanisms of change: Weekly covariation in anger regulation, hostile intent attribution, and children's aggression.

Aggress Behav 2022 03 20;48(2):232-240. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Department of Developmental Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Interventions for children's aggression typically target assumed underlying mechanisms, such as anger regulation and hostile intent attribution. The expectation here is that targeting these mechanisms will result in within-person changes in aggression. However, evidence for these mechanisms is mostly based on between-person analyses. Read More

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Reduced attention toward faces, intentionality and blame ascription in violent offenders and community-based adults: Evidence from an eye-tracking study.

Aggress Behav 2022 03 17;48(2):264-274. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

People typically have a strong bias in attention toward faces to help them understand social interactions. Nonetheless some people, like incarcerated offenders and psychopaths, exhibit deficits in "face reading," which may impair their interpretations, especially in case of attribution allocation in harmful events. In these cases, the ascription of intentionality is key in understanding the allocation of blame and structuring social information processing. Read More

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Violence exposure across multiple contexts as predictors of reactive and proactive aggression in Chinese preadolescents.

Aggress Behav 2022 May 4;48(3):319-330. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

Department of Applied Psychology, School of Psychiatry, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Based on different functions of aggression, the conceptual distinction of reactive and proactive aggression has been proposed. It is widely acknowledged that adolescents' violence exposure contributes to later perpetration of aggressive behaviors. However, few studies have compared the effects of violence exposure on reactive/proactive aggression based on the forms (i. Read More

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In-law psychological aggression and its impacts on women's health.

Aggress Behav 2022 03 16;48(2):163-172. Epub 2021 Dec 16.

Department of Social Work and Social Administration, The Univerisity of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Conflicts between couples and their parents-in-law are a common phenomenon in Chinese families. In this study, in-law psychological aggression (InPA) victimization and its association with intimate partner violence (IPV), women's health, and gender role valuation were examined. A household face-to-face survey with random sampling was conducted, and a total of 260 married Chinese women with parents-in-law were recruited. Read More

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The relation between harsh parenting and bullying involvement and the moderating role of child inhibitory control: A population-based study.

Aggress Behav 2022 03 16;48(2):141-151. Epub 2021 Dec 16.

Department of Public Administration and Sociology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Harsh parenting has been linked to children's bullying involvement in three distinct roles: perpetrators, targets (of bullying), and perpetrator-targets. To understand how the same parenting behavior is associated with three different types of bulling involvement, we examined the moderating roles of children's inhibitory control and sex. In addition, we differentiated between mothers' and fathers' harsh parenting. Read More

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Injury patterns and associated demographics of intimate partner violence in men presenting to U.S. emergency departments.

Aggress Behav 2022 May 16;48(3):298-308. Epub 2021 Dec 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Riley Children's Hospital, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

Research suggests that there are differences between sexes in physical intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization that could lead to different injury patterns. In addition, research shows that men under-report their injuries yet may suffer grave consequences. It is, thus, vital to establish physical injury patterns in male IPV victims. Read More

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Co-development of aggression in elementary school children: The predictive roles of victimization experiences.

Aggress Behav 2022 03 15;48(2):173-186. Epub 2021 Dec 15.

School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.

Aggression among peers is a common and serious problem in school-age children. Physical, relational, and cyber aggression often occur simultaneously but may exhibit heterogeneous developmental patterns. We aimed to identify heterogeneous co-developmental patterns of physical, relational, and cyber peer aggression and to investigate the contributions of victimization experiences to co-developmental trajectories. Read More

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Effects of the 5-HT receptor agonist 8-OH-DPAT on aggressive behavior in juvenile pufferfish, Takifugu rubripes.

Aggress Behav 2022 03 14;48(2):197-204. Epub 2021 Dec 14.

Key Laboratory of Environment Controlled Aquaculture, Ministry of Education, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian, China.

Severe aggressive behavior of juvenile pufferfish affects economic efficiency and fish welfare in aquaculture. 5-HT plays an important role in regulating the aggressive behavior of fish in aquaculture environment. This study examined the effects of different concentrations (0, 0. Read More

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Are mindful people less involved in online trolling? A moderated mediation model of perceived social media fatigue and moral disengagement.

Aggress Behav 2022 May 13;48(3):309-318. Epub 2021 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, China.

Online trolling is aggressive online behavior that has severe consequences for the mental health of internet users. Online trolling can be influenced by personal factors and psychological states. Based on the General Aggression Model, moral disengagement was examined as a moderator of the direct and indirect relations between mindfulness and online trolling via social media fatigue. Read More

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Peer relations and different functions of cyber-aggression: A longitudinal study in Chinese adolescents.

Aggress Behav 2022 03 9;48(2):152-162. Epub 2021 Dec 9.

Department of Medical Psychology, School of Medical Humanities, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Although previous studies have focused on the associations between peer group relations and cyber-aggression, limited attention has been paid to the heterogeneity in the functions of cyber-aggression. This study explored the unique associations of peer relations with proactive and reactive cyber-aggression and the possible mechanisms underlying them in a sample of adolescents using a longitudinal study design. A total of 829 middle school students completed the Cyber-rage and Cyber-reward Aggression Subscales of the Cyber-Aggression Typology Questionnaire, the Peer Relations Scale, the Social Information Processing-Attributional Bias Questionnaire, and the Self-efficacy for Aggression Scale twice at a 6-month interval. Read More

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The association of problematic use of social media and online videogames with aggression is mediated by insomnia severity: A cross-sectional study in a sample of 18- to 24-year-old individuals.

Aggress Behav 2022 May 6;48(3):348-355. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Department of Human Sciences, Cognitive and Clinical Psychology Laboratory, European University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

One of the worrying concomitants of problematic use of Internet (PUI) is aggression. Although the mechanisms underlying such link have not been completely clarified, it has been suggested that problematic use of social media and online videogames (i.e. Read More

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School victimization and self-esteem: Reciprocal relationships and the moderating roles of peer support and teacher support.

Aggress Behav 2022 03 22;48(2):187-196. Epub 2021 Nov 22.

Collaborative Innovation Center of Assessment toward Basic Education Quality, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

The current study investigated the dynamic reciprocal relationships between adolescents' school victimization and self-esteem during the first 2 years in secondary schools and how the relationships varied by social support. Participants were 2550 Chinese adolescents (52% males; 48% females) aged 11-16 years (M  = 12.99 years, SD  = 0. Read More

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Why do habitual violent video game players believe in the cathartic effects of violent video games? A misinterpretation of mood improvement as a reduction in aggressive feelings.

Aggress Behav 2022 03 6;48(2):219-231. Epub 2021 Nov 6.

Social Psychology, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 2, Innsbruck, Austria.

Previous research found that violent video game play leads to increased aggression, but many people (mainly habitual violent video game players) still believe that playing violent games releases aggressive feelings and in turn reduces aggressive behavior. Other research has shown that video game play can have a positive impact on the player's mood. Based on the General Aggression Model and mood management theory, we thus hypothesized that habitual violent video game players misinterpret their better mood after game play as a reduction of aggressive feelings and hence believe in the cathartic effects of violent video games. Read More

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Exploring the perceived negative and positive long-term impact of adolescent bullying victimization: A cross-national investigation.

Aggress Behav 2022 03 2;48(2):205-218. Epub 2021 Nov 2.

Department of Communication Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

Adolescent bullying victimization can have long-term mental health and well-being outcomes. This study focused on the potential mediating role of the perceived long-term negative and positive impact of adolescent bullying victimization to understand its relations with mental health and well-being problems during emerging adulthood. A retrospective study consisting of closed and open-ended questions was conducted among 1010 Flemish and 650 Dutch emerging adults aged 18-26. Read More

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