650 results match your criteria Aggressive Behavior[Journal]


Neural correlates of intertemporal choice in aggressive behavior.

Aggress Behav 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Marketing and Supply Chain, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.

People often have to make decisions between immediate rewards and more long-term goals. Such intertemporal judgments are often investigated in the context of monetary choice or drug use, yet not in regard to aggressive behavior. We combined a novel intertemporal aggression paradigm with functional neuroimaging to examine the role of temporal delay in aggressive behavior and the neural correlates thereof. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ab.21838
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21838DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Beyond the aggregate score: Using multilevel modeling to examine trajectories of laboratory-measured aggression.

Authors:
David S Chester

Aggress Behav 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Aggression is often measured in the laboratory as an iterative "tit-for-tat" sequence, in which two aggressors repeatedly inflict retaliatory harm upon each other. Aggression researchers typically quantify aggression by aggregating across participants' aggressive behavior on such iterative encounters. However, this "aggregate approach" cannot capture trajectories of aggression across the iterative encounters and needlessly eliminates rich information in the form of within-participant variability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21837DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effects of cartoon violence on aggressive thoughts and aggressive behaviors.

Aggress Behav 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

This article reports on an experiment designed to test whether the cartoon manipulation leads to significant increases in aggressive thoughts and aggressive behaviors among Chinese children (n = 3,000). Results indicated that brief exposure to a violent cartoon triggered higher aggressive thoughts and aggressive behaviors than a nonviolent cartoon. Females displayed higher aggressive thoughts and aggressive behaviors than males in a nonviolent cartoon condition, while males displayed higher aggressive behaviors than females in a violent cartoon condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21836DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

A daily diary investigation of self-reported alcohol-related direct and indirect aggression.

Aggress Behav 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Psychology, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia.

Research supports the relationship between alcohol use and direct aggression, however, scant research has examined the association between alcohol use and indirectly aggressive behavior. Further, extant research has relied on retrospective reporting of behaviors, which may be subject to recall bias. The daily diary methodology enables the assessment of both the between- and within-subject variation, as well as reduces the likelihood of biased reporting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21834DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Lifetime Acts of Violence Assessment (LAVA) predictors of laboratory aggression.

Aggress Behav 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

University of North Dakota, North Dakota.

While self-report data warrants interpretive caution in applied settings, these indices serve an important role in exploratory research. The Lifetime Assessment of Violent Acts (LAVA) inventory is a brief, reliable, face-valid questionnaire for estimating the frequency, triggers, and consequences (including injuries to others) of prior acts of aggression. The LAVA also identifies the situational contexts in which prior violence was triggered and provides a basis for risk classifications based on past reactive, intimate partner, alcohol-related, and/or weapon-related violence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21835DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

The interpersonal context of depression and violent behavior: A social psychological interpretation.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

NORC at the University of Chicago, Bethesda, Maryland.

Depression is a particularly prevalent form of psychopathology affecting millions of individuals worldwide. It is associated with a variety of adverse social and behavioral outcomes. Numerous observational studies have found that depressed individuals have significantly elevated rates of interpersonal violence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21832DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A meta-analysis of the relationship between moral disengagement and bullying roles in youth.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

School of Psychology, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Over the last several years, researchers have become increasingly interested in the influence of moral factors on bullying behaviors. This is the first meta-analytic review to exclusively examine the relationship between moral disengagement (MD) and the key bullying roles of bully, victim, defender, and bystander. Forty-seven independent samples examining a total of 43,809 children/adolescents (aged 7-19) were included in this meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21833DOI Listing
March 2019
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Does adolescent heavier alcohol use predict young adult aggression and delinquency? Parallel analyses from four Australasian cohort studies.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW Australia, Sydney, Australia.

While the association between heavy alcohol consumption and aggression has been well documented, the causal direction of this association, particularly at a population level, is disputed. A number of causal sequences have been proposed. First, that aggression leads to heavy alcohol use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21828DOI Listing
March 2019
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The development of violence from age 8 to 61.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Institute of Criminology, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK.

The main aim of this study is to investigate the development of violence from childhood to adulthood. In the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development (CSDD), 411 London males have been followed up from age 8 to 48 in interviews, and from age 10 to 61 in criminal records; 19% were convicted for violence. There was a surprising amount of violence committed at older ages (40-61). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21831DOI Listing

The competitive reaction time task: The development and scientific utility of a flexible laboratory aggression paradigm.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Communication and Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

Laboratory measures play an important role in the study of aggression because they allow researchers to make causal inferences. However, these measures have also been criticized. In particular, the competitive reaction time task (CRTT) has been criticized for allowing aggression to be operationalized in multiple ways, leaving it susceptible to "p-hacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21829DOI Listing
March 2019
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Analytic flexibility in laboratory aggression paradigms: Relations with personality traits vary (slightly) by operationalization of aggression.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 10. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.

Competitive reaction time tasks (CRTTs) have been used widely in social science research, but recent criticism has been directed at the flexible quantification strategies used with this methodology. A recent review suggests that over 150 different quantification strategies have been used in this literature, and there is evidence to suggest that different operationalizations can affect the results and interpretations of experiments using CRTTs. In the current investigation, we reanalyze data from four existing samples from two different sites (total N = 600) to examine how the relations between a range of personality traits and aggression vary based on how aggression is operationalized. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ab.21830
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21830DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Direct and indirect relationships among posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, hostility, anger, and verbal and physical aggression in returning veterans.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA.

Hostility, anger, and aggression are conceptually related but unique constructs found to occur more often among veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than among civilians or veterans without PTSD. However, the pathways between PTSD, depression, hostility, anger, and aggression have not been comprehensively characterized. Therefore, drawing on a sample of returning Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom combat veterans ( N = 175; 95% male; mean age 30 years), this study sought to examine the direct and indirect relationships among PTSD, depression, hostility, anger, and four types of aggression: verbal, and physical toward self, others, and objects. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ab.21827
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21827DOI Listing
March 2019
11 Reads

Communal schools and teacher victimization.

Aggress Behav 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland.

Despite data showing that teacher victimization is at least as great a problem as student victimization, far less research exists regarding teacher victimization than student victimization and overall school crime, particularly with regard to the application of criminological theory to explain the victimization of teachers. We address this gap by examining the hierarchical relationship between communal school organization and teacher victimization in a nationally representative sample of 37,497 teachers from 7,488 public schools in the United States. Results showed that teacher experienced less victimization in schools that were more communally organized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21826DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Aggression by male bonobos against immature individuals does not fit with predictions of infanticide.

Aggress Behav 2019 May 2;45(3):300-309. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany.

The selective advantage of male infanticide is enhancement of reproductive success of the aggressor. This implies that aggression is directed at individuals sired by others, infant loss shortens the mother's inter-birth interval, and the aggressor has a greater likelihood of siring the next offspring of the victims' mother. As these conditions are not always met, the occurrence of male infanticide is expected to vary, and hominoid primates offer an interesting example of variation in male infanticide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21819DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

"We're not gonna be friends anymore": Associations between viewing relational aggression on television and relational aggression in text messaging during adolescence.

Aggress Behav 2019 May 2;45(3):319-326. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas.

A number of studies suggest that adolescents who view relational aggression on television are more likely to engage in higher levels of subsequent relational aggression in social interactions. This study examined longitudinal associations between viewing relational aggression on television and relationally aggressive behavior in text messaging over a 1-year period during adolescence. Participants were 197 adolescents who completed a number of questionnaires regarding media use and aggression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21821DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445721PMC
May 2019
2 Reads

Why does decreased likeability not deter adolescent bullying perpetrators?

Aggress Behav 2019 May 1;45(3):348-359. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

This study examines why the lower likeability of bullying perpetrators does not deter them from engaging in bullying behavior, by testing three hypotheses: (a) bullying perpetrators are unaware that they are disliked, (b) they value popularity more than they value likeability, (c) they think that they have nothing to lose in terms of likeability, as they believe that their targets and other classmates would dislike them anyway, regardless of their behavior. The first two hypotheses were examined in Study 1 (1,035 Dutch adolescents, M  = 14.15) and the third hypothesis was examined in Study 2 (601 Dutch adolescents, M  = 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21824DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Corrigendum.

Authors:

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 12;45(2):224. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21814DOI Listing
March 2019
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Self-aggression, reactive aggression, and spontaneous aggression: Mediating effects of self-esteem and psychopathology.

Aggress Behav 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychotherapy at the District Hospital at Günzburg, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

This study examined whether the associations between self-aggression and different forms of externalized aggression (reactive and spontaneous aggression) are influenced by self-esteem and current psychopathological symptoms. For this purpose, we asked 681 participants from the general population (GP) and 282 general psychiatric patients (PPs) to answer the German versions of the Short Questionnaire for Assessing Factors of Aggression (K-FAF), the Multidimensional Self-Esteem Scale (MSWS), and the Brief Symptom Inventory 25 Forensic (BSI-25-F). Statistically, we performed descriptive and mediation analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21825DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Sex differences on the four-facet model of psychopathy predict physical, verbal, and indirect aggression.

Aggress Behav 2019 May 30;45(3):265-274. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology, Institute for Drug and Alcohol Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Psychopathy is a multifaceted construct that has been linked to aggression. Yet, few studies have explored the association between physical, verbal, and indirect aggression using the 4-facet model of psychopathy in community samples, and to date, no studies exist that test for male and female differences. The present study aimed to understand what facets of psychopathy predict aggressive behavior for men and women, while controlling for important risk factors, such as Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21816DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Microstructural integrity of white matter moderates an association between childhood adversity and adult trait anger.

Aggress Behav 2019 May 30;45(3):310-318. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Laboratory of NeuroGenetics, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

Amongst a number of negative life sequelae associated with childhood adversity is the later expression of a higher dispositional tendency to experience anger and frustration to a wide range of situations (i.e., trait anger). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21820DOI Listing
May 2019
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Importation and deprivation factors influencing teacher-targeted aggression among secondary school students in Germany: A multilevel analysis.

Aggress Behav 2019 May 30;45(3):337-347. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Institute of Delinquency and Crime Prevention, ZHAW Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Zurich, Switzerland.

Relying on an importation and deprivation framework, the study assessed a variety of risk factors associated with self-reported teacher-targeted aggression among ninth grade students (n = 5,673). Using a cross-sectional school survey conducted in one German federal state, two forms of teacher-targeted aggression were assessed: verbal (insulting, threatening, and mocking) and physical (beating and pushing) aggression. Every ninth student reported verbal aggression, while 0. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ab.21823
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21823DOI Listing
May 2019
10 Reads

Longitudinal trajectories of perpetration of adolescent dating abuse in a national sample.

Aggress Behav 2019 May 30;45(3):327-336. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Public Health Department, NORC at the University of Chicago, Bethesda, Maryland.

Despite extensive research regarding patterns and outcomes of victimization in dating relationships, there has been limited investigation of the developmental profiles of the perpetration of adolescent dating abuse (ADA). We estimated longitudinal latent growth models of ADA perpetration in a sample of 2,269 U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21822DOI Listing

Trait aggressiveness predicting aggressive behavior: The moderating role of meta-cognitive certainty.

Aggress Behav 2019 May 29;45(3):255-264. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Research on aggression has benefitted from using individual-difference measures to predict aggressive behavior. Research on meta-cognition has recently identified that the predictive utility of individual-difference inventories can be improved by considering the certainty with which people hold their self-views. Merging these two frameworks, the present research examines whether assessing certainty in trait aggressiveness improves its ability to predict aggressive outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21815DOI Listing

Serious violent behavior and antisocial outcomes as consequences of exposure to ethnic-political conflict and violence among Israeli and Palestinian youth.

Aggress Behav 2019 May 28;45(3):287-299. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, Ramallah, Israel.

We examine whether cumulative-past and concurrent exposure to ethnic-political violence among Israeli and Palestinian youth predict serious violent behavior and antisocial outcomes toward the in-group and the out-group. We collected four waves of data from 162 Israeli Jewish and 400 Palestinian youths (three age cohorts: 8, 11, and 14 years old) and their parents. The first three waves were consecutive annual assessments, and the fourth was conducted 4 years after the third wave, when the three age cohorts were 14, 17, and 20 years old, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21818DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Self, peer, and teacher reports of victim-aggressor networks in kindergartens.

Aggress Behav 2019 May 24;45(3):275-286. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

This study investigated if and how children and teachers differ in their assessment of victim-aggressor relationships in kindergartens. Self-, peer, and teacher reports of victimization-aggression networks (who is victimized by whom) were investigated in 25 Swiss kindergartens with 402 5- to 7-years-old. It was examined whether child characteristics (sex and parent-reported internalizing and externalizing behavior) influence informant reports of victimization and/or aggression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21817DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Social threat attentional bias in childhood: Relations to aggression and hostile intent attributions.

Aggress Behav 2019 May 12;45(3):245-254. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

The goal of this study was to examine the ways attentional bias to social threat-measured across multiple attentional processes-is related to both child aggression and a well-established cognitive correlate of aggression (namely, hostile intent attributions). A community sample of 211 children (51% male; 9-12 years; 55% Caucasian) participated in our cross-sectional correlational design. Social threat attentional bias was measured through task performance on dot-probe, attentional shifting, and temporal order judgment tasks; each task measured different attentional processes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21813DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Hitting below the belt: Masculine honor beliefs and perceptions of unfair fighting behavior.

Aggress Behav 2019 May 7;45(3):229-244. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas.

We examined the effect of masculine honor beliefs on perceptions of unfair fighting behavior. We proposed competing hypotheses about the nature of this relationship. Our Reputation by Any Means Hypothesis predicted masculine honor beliefs would be positively related to perceptions of unfair fighting behavior as permissible because they increase the likelihood of success. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21812DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Effects of sexualized video games on online sexual harassment.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 4;45(2):214-223. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Psychology & Neuroscience of Cognition Research Unit, Université de Liège, Liège, Belgium.

Negative consequences of video games have been a concern since their inception. However, one under-researched area is the potential negative effects of sexualized video game content on players. This study analyzed the consequences of sexualized video game content on online sexual harassment against male and female targets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21811DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Sleep restriction alters reactive aggressive behavior and its relationship with sex hormones.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 30;45(2):193-205. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Psychology Department, Brock University, Ontario, Canada.

Few studies have experimentally manipulated sleep to study its effect on aggressive behavior. The current study examined how reactive aggression was affected by having sleep restricted to 4-hours on a single night, a level of disruption commonly experienced. Both rested and sleep-restricted participants completed the Point Subtraction Aggression Paradigm (PSAP), a laboratory task in which participants seek to earn points, are provoked by a fictitious opponent stealing their points, and may choose to steal points in response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21809DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Are everyday sadists specifically attracted to violent video games and do they emotionally benefit from playing those games?

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 26;45(2):206-213. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Institut für Psychologie, Universität Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

The present research tested the hypothesis that everyday sadists show a distinct preference for violent video games and examined the relationship between everyday sadism and participant's mood after violent video game play. In Study 1, participants watched three trailers for video games that differed in their level of violent content. Whereas everyday sadists were attracted to a violent video game, there was no significant positive association between everyday sadism and attraction to the nonviolent video games. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21810DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Traditional and cyber bullying and sexual harassment: A longitudinal assessment of risk and protective factors.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 21;45(2):181-192. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

University of Southern California, Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work, Department of Children, Youth, and Families, USC Center for Artificial Intelligence in Society, Los Angeles, California.

Adolescents engage in bullying and sexual harassment perpetration both in-person and online. Yet, little is known about the overlap of traditional (in-person) and cyber bullying and sexual harassment perpetration. The present study assessed the co-occurrence of these forms of aggression in high school and identified middle school predictors based on participants' perceptions of factors across the social ecology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21808DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437684PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Ego depletion and the use of force: Investigating the effects of ego depletion on police officers' intention to use force.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 21;45(2):161-168. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Tactical Decision Making Research Group, Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

The current study aims to investigate corresponding self-control and self-control failures that are the result of ego depletion and its impact on police officers' decision to use force. For that purpose, a total of 200 German police recruits were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group. Ego depletion was manipulated using the "e" crossing task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21805DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Teacher victimization by students in China: A multilevel analysis.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 18;45(2):169-180. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Alberti Center for Bullying Abuse Prevention, Department of Counseling, School, and Educational Psychology, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.

The goal of this study is to examine individual-level and school-level predictors of teacher victimization (TV) by students in China based upon the multilevel social-ecological framework. A sample of 1711 teachers (7-12th grade) from 58 schools from eight provinces in mainland China completed measures of teacher victimization (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21806DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Coercive control during the transition to parenthood: An overlooked factor in intimate partner violence and family wellbeing?

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 5;45(2):139-150. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada.

A key criticism of research on intimate partner violence (IPV) is that a sole focus on physical or psychological acts of aggression fails to account for other forms of manipulative behavior that may have serious consequences for partner and family functioning. The current study examines coercive control, or behavior designed to constrain or compel an intimate partner in some way, in a longitudinal community sample of 98 heterosexual couples assessed in the third trimester of pregnancy as well as at 1 and 2 years postpartum. We found that the majority of couples reported at least some coercive controlling behavior during the transition to parenthood, that coercive control was highly bi-directional between partners, and that women were more likely than men to engage in coercive control before parenthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21803DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Breaking the link: Distraction from emotional cues reduces the association between trait disinhibition and reactive physical aggression.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 5;45(2):151-160. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia.

Research has implicated biased attention allocation toward emotional cues as a proximal mechanism in the association between trait disinhibition and physical aggression. The current study tested this putative cognitive mechanism by incentivizing a shift of attention from a provoking stimulus to a neutral stimulus during a laboratory aggression paradigm. Participants were 119 undergraduate men. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ab.21804
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21804DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

The importance of impulsivity and attention switching deficits in perpetrators convicted for intimate partner violence.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 25;45(2):129-138. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

It has been stated that Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) increases the likelihood of risky behavior such as intimate partner violence (IPV), but the cognitive mechanisms that facilitate or underlie these types of behavior remain unexplained. In this regard, several authors have established that impulsivity and inattentive symptoms might affect basic processes such as emotional decoding and set-shifting abilities, which are important processes for emotional and behavioral regulation. Hence, these symptoms entail a reduction in sensitivity to key contextual stimuli. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ab.21802
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21802DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Longitudinal relations between beliefs supporting aggression and externalizing outcomes: Indirect effects of anger dysregulation and callous-unemotional traits.

Aggress Behav 2019 Jan 26;45(1):93-102. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Aggression is prevalent in early- to mid-adolescence and is associated with physical health and psychosocial adjustment difficulties. This underscores the need to identify risk processes that lead to externalizing outcomes. This study examined the extent to which the effects of three dimensions of beliefs supporting aggression on physical aggression and externalizing behavior are mediated by anger dysregulation and callous-unemotional (CU) traits. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ab.21800
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21800DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Subtypes of aggression and their relation to anxiety in Barbary macaques.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 14;45(2):120-128. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Department of Behavioural Ecology, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Niedersachsen, Germany.

Human aggression can be differentiated into reactive aggression (RA), displayed in face of a real or perceived threat and associated with high levels of anxiety, and proactive aggression (PA), displayed to achieve a certain goal and linked to lower anxiety levels. To study the origins of these aggression subtypes and their relation to anxiety, we tested if both subtypes can be distinguished in a nonhuman primate species, characterized their occurrence within the study group, and examined the link between aggression subtype and anxiety. Data were collected on 29 individuals of a semi-free ranging group of Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus) at Affenberg Salem, Germany, via focal animal (303 hr) and event sampling (1,222 agonistic events). Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ab.21801
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21801DOI Listing
March 2019
19 Reads

Erratum.

Authors:

Aggress Behav 2018 Nov;44(6):658

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ab.21789
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21789DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Sex differences in adolescent physical aggression: Evidence from sixty-three low-and middle-income countries.

Aggress Behav 2019 Jan 3;45(1):82-92. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Postgraduate Programme in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

A great deal of research shows that adolescent and adult males are more likely to engage in physical aggression and violence than females are. However, few studies have examined cross-cultural variation in sex differences, particularly among low- and middle-income countries [LMICs]. Based on social role and sexual selection theories, we derived two hypotheses regarding possible variations in sex differences across societal contexts: 1) sex differences increase with societal gender polarization (social role theory) and 2) sex differences are exacerbated in societies where socio-economic opportunities are scarce, unequal, or insecure (prediction derived from sexual selection theory). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21799DOI Listing
January 2019
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Acute fluoxetine differently affects aggressive display in zebrafish phenotypes.

Aggress Behav 2019 Jan 25;45(1):62-69. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biodiversidade e Biotecnologia-Rede BIONORTE, Marabá, Pará, Brazil.

Zebrafish have been introduced as a model organism in behavioral neuroscience and biological psychiatry, increasing the breadth of findings using fish to study the neurobiology of aggression. Phenotypic differences between leopard and longfin zebrafish were exploited in order to elucidate the role of phasic serotonin in aggressive displays on this species. The present study, revealed differences in aggressive display between leopard and longfin zebrafish, and a discrepant effect of acute fluoxetine in both populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21797DOI Listing
January 2019
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Low intensity intimate partner aggression in Ghana: Support for the revised gender symmetry theory in an African country.

Aggress Behav 2019 Jan 23;45(1):52-61. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

Åbo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland.

Sex differences in the perpetration and victimization of low intensity intimate partner aggression (IPA) were investigated in Ghana. The sample consisted of 1,204 adults (mean age 44.1 yrs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21796DOI Listing
January 2019
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Media violence exposure and aggression in adolescents: A risk and resilience perspective.

Aggress Behav 2019 Jan 23;45(1):70-81. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

Annenberg Public Policy Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Media violence exposure (MVE) is associated with aggressive outcomes in adolescents. However, based on the differential susceptibility hypothesis, this risk is expected to vary based on the individual's unique risk and protective factors. Using survey data from 1,990 adolescents (Mean age = 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21798DOI Listing
January 2019
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Misogynistic peers, masculinity, and bystander intervention for sexual aggression: Is it really just "locker-room talk?"

Aggress Behav 2019 Jan 21;45(1):42-51. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia.

The present study utilized a laboratory paradigm to examine the extent to which bystander behavior for sexual aggression is independently and jointly influenced by situational misogynistic peer norms and men's adherence to hegemonic male norms. Participants were a racially diverse college sample of self-identified heterosexual men (N = 104) between the ages of 18-35. Men completed a measure of hegemonic masculinity and engaged in a laboratory paradigm in which they and three male confederates watched a female confederate, who reported a strong dislike of sexual content in the media, view a sexually explicit film which they could stop at any time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21795DOI Listing
January 2019
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Sibling bullying at 12 years and high-risk behavior in early adulthood: A prospective cohort study.

Aggress Behav 2019 Jan 19;45(1):18-32. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

University of Warwick, Department of Psychology, Coventry, United Kingdom.

Emerging evidence suggests that sibling aggression is associated with the development of high-risk behavior. This study investigated the relationship between sibling bullying perpetration and victimization in early adolescence and high-risk behavior in early adulthood. Sibling bullying was assessed at 12 years in 6,988 individuals from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a birth cohort based in the UK and high-risk behavioral outcomes were assessed at 18-20 years. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ab.21793
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21793DOI Listing
January 2019
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"Boom, Headshot!": Violent first-person shooter (FPS) video games that reward headshots train individuals to aim for the head when shooting a realistic firearm.

Authors:
Brad J Bushman

Aggress Behav 2019 Jan 17;45(1):33-41. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

School of Communication, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

When shooting a gun at a human target, firearms training instructors teach individuals to shoot for the upper torso because it is the largest lethal target on the human body. In contrast, violent first-person shooter (FPS) video games reward players for headshots. The head is the smallest lethal target, and requires careful aim to hit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21794DOI Listing
January 2019
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Juveniles with a history of violent behavior show cognitive performance and electrophysiology consistent with inhibitory control and emotional feedback processing problems.

Aggress Behav 2019 Jan 10;45(1):6-17. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department and Graduate Institute of Criminology, National Chung Cheng University, Chiayi, Taiwan.

Inhibitory control and the effects of negative emotional feedback were investigated in adolescents with a history of violent behavior and normal adolescents using the Taylor Aggression Paradigm (TAP), a task simulating real situations of social interaction to elicit aggressive behavior and negative emotions, with concurrent event related potential recordings. The Reactive Proactive Aggression Questionnaire (RPAQ), the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) and the Negative Mood Regulation (NMR) Scale were also presented. These showed that reactive scores, proactive scores, and BIS scores were all significantly higher for the violent offender group whereas scores from the NMR scale were significantly lower for this group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21792DOI Listing
January 2019
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Victimization of teachers by students in Israel and in Chile and its relations with teachers' victimization of students.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 28;45(2):107-119. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso and Center for Research in Inclusive Education, Valparaiso, Chile.

Although in recent years there has been a growing interest in victimization of teachers by their students (student-to-teacher victimization), it is not discussed in relation to students' victimization by their teachers (teacher-to-student victimization) across cultures. This study used a cross-cultural comparative design to examine the prevalence of students' reports of student-to-teacher and teacher-to-student victimization and the correlations between them, both at the student and the school levels. It compares the patterns of findings among Jewish and Arab students in Israel and a sample of Chilean students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21791DOI Listing
March 2019
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Patterns of cybervictimization and emotion regulation in adolescents and adults.

Aggress Behav 2018 Nov 28;44(6):647-657. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Occupational and Organizational Psychology and Professional Learning, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Research on cyberbullying has boomed in the past two decades. Findings from studies among adolescents suggest that they can be classified into distinct groups based on their cyberbullying experience, and that cyberbullying seems to be related to poor emotion regulation. So far, only a few studies have examined cyberbullying among adult workers and it is unclear whether cyberbullying develops similarly in that population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21790DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads