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    589 results match your criteria Aggressive Behavior[Journal]

    1 OF 12

    Differentiating corporal punishment from physical abuse in the prediction of lifetime aggression.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Feb 10. Epub 2018 Feb 10.
    Department of Psychology, University of North Dakota,, Grand Forks, North Dakota.
    Corporal punishment and parental physical abuse often co-occur during upbringing, making it difficult to differentiate their selective impacts on psychological functioning. Associations between corporal punishment and a number of lifetime aggression indicators were examined in this study after efforts to control the potential influence of various forms of co-occurring maltreatment (parental physical abuse, childhood sexual abuse, sibling abuse, peer bullying, and observed parental violence). College students (N = 1,136) provided retrospective self-reports regarding their history of aggression and levels of exposure to childhood corporal punishment and maltreatment experiences. Read More

    Association between intimate partner violence during pregnancy and maternal pregnancy complications among recently delivered women in Bangladesh.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Feb 7. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kanazawa Medical University, Japan.
    Intimate partner violence (IPV), an actual or threatened physical, sexual, or psychological abuse by a current or former partner or spouse, is a common global public health issue. Understanding both the prevalence of IPV during pregnancy and its potential impact on the health of pregnant women is important for the development and implementation of interventions to prevent maternal morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between maternal experiences of IPV during pregnancy and pregnancy complications. Read More

    The role of aggression-related early maladaptive schemas and schema modes in aggression in a prisoner sample.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 25. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
    Centre for Forensic Behavioral Science, Swinburne University of Technology, Alphington, Victoria, Australia.
    Contemporary social-cognitive aggression theory and extant empirical research highlights the relationship between certain Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) and aggression in offenders. To date, the related construct of schema modes, which presents a comprehensive and integrated schema unit, has received scant empirical attention. Furthermore, EMSs and schema modes have yet to be examined concurrently with respect to aggressive behavior. Read More

    Early risk pathways to physical versus relational peer aggression: The interplay of externalizing behavior and corporal punishment varies by child sex.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 25;44(2):209-220. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
    Psychology Department, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
    Children who aggress against their peers may use physical or relational forms, yet little research has looked at early childhood risk factors and characteristics that uniquely predict high levels of relational versus physical aggression in preadolescence. Accordingly, the main aim of our study was to link early corporal punishment and externalizing behavior to children's physical and relational peer aggression during preadolescence and to examine how these pathways differed by sex. Participants were 193, 3-year-old boys (39%) and girls who were reassessed following the transition to kindergarten (5. Read More

    Friendly fire: Longitudinal effects of exposure to violent video games on aggressive behavior in adolescent friendship dyads.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 24. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Research on gaming effects has focused on adolescence, a developmental period in which peer relationships become increasingly salient. However, the impact of peers on the effects of violent gaming on adolescents has been understudied. This study examined whether adolescents' exposure to violent video games predicted their own and their friend's aggression one year later. Read More

    Gender differences in intimate-conflict initiation and escalation tendencies.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 10. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    School of Social Work, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.
    According to gender motivation theory, men are driven by a desire to enhance their status; whereas, women are motivated by a desire to reduce risk, and the behavioral expressions of those motivations are context-dependent. In order to test this theory in the context of intimate relationships, this study compared men's and women's escalatory tendencies in the initial development of intimate conflict. These tendencies were conceptualized in terms of four attributes: two attributes that represent response intention (decision and style) and two others that represent motivations for that intention (putting one's partner in his or her place and avoiding conflict). Read More

    The roles of trauma exposure, rejection sensitivity, and callous-unemotional traits in the aggressive behavior of justice-involved youth: A moderated mediation model.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 5. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.
    Research has demonstrated an association between childhood trauma exposure and adolescent aggression. This association may be explained by rejection sensitivity, defined as anger, or anxiety in the anticipation of rejection, which can be a consequence of trauma exposure. Callous-unemotional (CU) traits also are associated with trauma exposure and aggressive behavior; however, research has not yet investigated the interactive roles that rejection sensitivity and CU traits play in the relation between trauma exposure and aggression. Read More

    Personality correlates of revenge-seeking: Multidimensional links to physical aggression, impulsivity, and aggressive pleasure.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Dec 19. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Richmond, Virginia.
    People differ in how much they seek retribution for interpersonal insults, slights, rejections, and other antagonistic actions. Identifying individuals who are most prone towards such revenge-seeking is a theoretically-informative and potentially violence-reducing endeavor. However, we have yet to understand the extent to which revenge-seeking individuals exhibit specific features of aggressiveness, impulsivity, and what motivates their hunt for retribution. Read More

    An experimental examination of alcohol consumption, alcohol expectancy, and self-blame on willingness to report a hypothetical rape.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Dec 15. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    School of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavior, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.
    This study experimentally examined the role of victim alcohol intoxication, and self-blame in perceiving and reporting rape to the police using a hypothetical interactive rape scenario. Participants (N = 79) were randomly assigned to consume alcohol (mean BAC = 0.07%) or tonic water before they engaged in the scenario. Read More

    Development and psychometric evaluation of a rapid intimate partner violence perpetration screening tool.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 30;44(2):199-208. Epub 2017 Nov 30.
    Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.
    Current methods of identifying intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration rely upon lengthy screening instruments, partner injury, and legal involvement. There exist no viable, brief screening tools to facilitate the rapid and early identification of IPV perpetration. The development of a brief IPV screening tool would reduce participant burden and compensation in research as well as aid in self-identification and appropriate consultation for treatment. Read More

    Does change in perceptions of peer teen dating violence predict change in teen dating violence perpetration over time?
    Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 27;44(2):156-164. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, Texas.
    Research has previously demonstrated that perceptions of peer's teen dating violence (TDV) is associated with one's own perpetration of TDV, although little research has examined whether this relationship is consistent across developmental time periods (i.e., mid-to-late adolescence). Read More

    A meta-analysis of the differential relations of traditional and cyber-victimization with internalizing problems.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 21;44(2):185-198. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padua, Padova, Italy.
    This meta-analysis examined the associations between cyber-victimization and internalizing problems controlling for the occurrence of traditional victimization. Twenty independent samples with a total of 90,877 participants were included. Results confirmed the significant intercorrelation between traditional and cyber-victimization (r = . Read More

    Predicting the use of corporal punishment: Child aggression, parent religiosity, and the BDNF gene.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 17;44(2):165-175. Epub 2017 Nov 17.
    Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Corporal punishment (CP) has been associated with deleterious child outcomes, highlighting the importance of understanding its underpinnings. Although several factors have been linked with parents' CP use, genetic influences on CP have rarely been studied, and an integrative view examining the interplay between different predictors of CP is missing. We focused on the separate and joint effects of religiosity, child aggression, parent's gender, and a valine (Val) to methionine (Met) substitution in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene. Read More

    Peer victimization and social-emotional outcomes: The role of teacher and peer support.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 13;44(2):176-184. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
    Department of Psychology, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, Illinois.
    The relation between peer victimization, risk of social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties, and school-based sources of social support for students in elementary and middle school were examined. Participants included 656 students in third to eighth grade from one school district. Results indicated that peer support mediated the relation between peer victimization and risk of social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties, but teacher support did not mediate this relation. Read More

    Autonomic conditioning to monetary and social stimuli and aggression in children.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 3;44(2):147-155. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    Department of Psychology, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.
    Poor conditioning to punishment, such as loud tones or electric shock, has been proposed as an important factor involved in the etiology of aggressive and psychopathic behavior. However, it is not known whether the association holds when monetary or social stimulus is used as the unconditioned stimulus, and if aggressive individuals also have impaired conditioning to rewards. In this study, skin conductance responses in a conditioning task involving both monetary/social reward and punishment as unconditioned stimuli were assessed in 340 male and female 8- to 9-year-old children from the community. Read More

    Exposure to hate speech increases prejudice through desensitization.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 2;44(2):136-146. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
    In three studies (two representative nationwide surveys, N = 1,007, N = 682; and one experimental, N = 76) we explored the effects of exposure to hate speech on outgroup prejudice. Following the General Aggression Model, we suggest that frequent and repetitive exposure to hate speech leads to desensitization to this form of verbal violence and subsequently to lower evaluations of the victims and greater distancing, thus increasing outgroup prejudice. In the first survey study, we found that lower sensitivity to hate speech was a positive mediator of the relationship between frequent exposure to hate speech and outgroup prejudice. Read More

    Illuminating the nomological network of digital aggression: Results from two studies.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 1;44(2):125-135. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.
    We examined the nomological network surrounding digital aggression (DA), in regards to other forms of aggression/antisocial behavior and individual difference variables commonly associated with other forms of aggression/antisocial behavior. Two large samples of university students (N = 713 and 633, respectively) completed a series of questionnaires and in some cases, an additional experience sampling study. Results revealed that, in emerging adulthood, DA appears to have a unique demographic profile relative to the other forms of aggression and antisocial behavior. Read More

    The lone gamer: Social exclusion predicts violent video game preferences and fuels aggressive inclinations in adolescent players.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 20;44(2):113-124. Epub 2017 Oct 20.
    Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy.
    Violent video game playing has been linked to a wide range of negative outcomes, especially in adolescents. In the present research, we focused on a potential determinant of adolescents' willingness to play violent video games: social exclusion. We also tested whether exclusion can predict increased aggressiveness following violent video game playing. Read More

    Children's hostile intent attributions and emotional distress: What do parents perceive?
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 28;44(1):98-108. Epub 2017 Sep 28.
    School of Family Life, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    Traditionally, assessments of social information processing and associated emotional distress have used children's self-reports. We posit that additional informants, such as parents, may help illuminate the association between these variables and aggression. Our sample was composed of 222 dual-parent families of fourth-grade children (103 boys; 119 girls). Read More

    Depression in early adolescence: Contributions from relational aggression and variation in the oxytocin receptor gene.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 4;44(1):60-68. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.
    Interpersonal stress arising from relational aggression (RA)-the intentional effort to harm others via rejection and exclusion-may increase risk for depression in youth. Biological vulnerabilities related to the hormone oxytocin, which affects social behavior and stress responses, may exacerbate this risk. In a community sample of 307 youth (52% female; age range = 10-14 years), we tested whether (1) the association between RA and subsequent depressive symptoms was mediated through social problems and (2) a single nucleotide polymorphism (rs53576) in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) moderated this indirect association between RA and depression, where GG homozygotes are predicted to be more sensitive to the effects of social problems than A-allele carriers. Read More

    Evaluating the heat-aggression hypothesis: The role of temporal and social factors in predicting baseball related aggression.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 4;44(1):83-88. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware.
    We examined the role that season progression and social threats play in the heat-aggression hypothesis within Major League Baseball put forward by Reifman, Larrick, and Fein (1991). Box score data from 38,870 Major League Baseball games between the years of 2000 and 2015 was used to test the heat-aggression relationship, while accounting for temporal and social factors that may be simultaneously exerting influence on player behavior. Controlling for a number of other variables, we observed that the effect of temperature on aggressive behavior is partially contingent on the point of the season in which the game took place. Read More

    Exposure to nature counteracts aggression after depletion.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 31;44(1):89-97. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.
    Acts of self-control are more likely to fail after previous exertion of self-control, known as the ego depletion effect. Research has shown that depleted participants behave more aggressively than non-depleted participants, especially after being provoked. Although exposure to nature (e. Read More

    Transitions in sleep problems from late adolescence to young adulthood: A longitudinal analysis of the effects of peer victimization.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 31;44(1):69-82. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan Town, Miaoli County, Taiwan.
    Adolescence is a developmental period with high vulnerability to sleep problems. However, research identifying distinct patterns and underlying determinants of sleep problems is scarce. This study investigated discrete subgroups of, changes in, and stability of sleep problems. Read More

    Heightened male aggression toward sexualized women following romantic rejection: The mediating role of sex goal activation.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 3;44(1):40-49. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    School of Psychology, Mathews Building, The University of New South Wales, UNSW Sydney NSW, Australia.
    Research from a variety of disciplines suggests a positive relationship between Western cultural sexualization and women's likelihood of suffering harm. In the current experiment, 157 young men were romantically rejected by a sexualized or non-sexualized woman then given the opportunity to blast the woman with loud bursts of white noise. We tested whether the activation of sexual goals in men would mediate the relationship between sexualization and aggressive behavior after romantic rejection. Read More

    A riot on campus: The effects of social identity complexity on emotions and reparative attitudes after ingroup-perpetrated violence.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 2;44(1):50-59. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.
    When a group commits a transgression, members who identify closely with the group often engage in defensive strategies in which they are less likely to experience guilt and shame in response to the transgression than are less identified group members. Subsequently, highly identified group members are often less willing to offer reparations to the injured parties. Because appropriate emotional responses and reparations are critical to community reconciliation, the present investigation examined whether social identity complexity-the degree to which individuals perceive their multiple social identities as interrelated-reduced these defensive responses. Read More

    Being a good or a just teacher: Which experiences of teachers' behavior can be more predictive of school bullying?
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 30;44(1):29-39. Epub 2017 Jul 30.
    Department of Educational Psychology, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Halle/Saale, Germany.
    In two cross-sectional questionnaire studies with N = 2,931 German students, aged between 12 and 17 years (M = 14.1, SD = 0.5), we investigated the relation between students' bullying behavior and their personal belief in a just world (BJW). Read More

    Aggression-related brain function assessed with the Point Subtraction Aggression Paradigm in fMRI.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 25;43(6):601-610. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    Neurobiology Research Unit and Center for Integrated Molecular Brain Imaging, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen O, Denmark.
    The Point Subtraction Aggression Paradigm (PSAP) measures aggressive behavior in response to provocations. The aim of the study was to implement the PSAP in a functional neuroimaging environment (fMRI) and evaluate aggression-related brain reactivity including response to provocations and associations with aggression within the paradigm. Twenty healthy participants completed two 12-min PSAP sessions within the scanner. Read More

    Effects of harsh parenting and positive parenting practices on youth aggressive behavior: The moderating role of early pubertal timing.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 12;44(1):18-28. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Departments of Criminology, Psychiatry, and Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    Prior research indicates that early pubertal timing is associated with aggressive behavior, particularly in the context of adversity as postulated in the contextual amplification hypothesis. However, few studies have examined harsh parenting as the context for the effect of early pubertal timing. Even fewer studies have tested the interactive effect of early pubertal timing and positive parenting on aggressive behavior. Read More

    The object of my aggression: Sexual objectification increases physical aggression toward women.
    Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 20;44(1):5-17. Epub 2017 Jun 20.
    University of Kent, Kent, United Kingdom.
    Objectification involves reducing someone to a sexual object, rather than seeing them as a full person. Despite numerous theoretical claims that people are more aggressive toward the objectified, and empirical evidence that objectification is linked to high willingness to aggress, rape proclivity, and aggressive attitudes, no research has examined a causal link between objectification and physical aggression, particularly in the context of provocation. In two experiments, we examined this predicted link. Read More

    Effortful control, exposure to community violence, and aggressive behavior: Exploring cross-lagged relations in adolescence.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 11;43(6):588-600. Epub 2017 Jun 11.
    Department of Psychology, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Caserta, Italy.
    Self-regulation processes and violent contexts play an important role in predicting adolescents' aggressive behavior; less clear is how all three constructs are linked to each other over time. The present study examined the longitudinal relations among adolescents' self-reported effortful control (EC), exposure to community violence, both as a witness and as a victim, and aggressive behavior. Participants were 768 Italian adolescents (358 males) living in a high-risk context, with a mean age at T1 of 11 years in the younger cohort and 14 years in the older cohort. Read More

    Child and adolescent risk factors that differentially predict violent versus nonviolent crime.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 8;43(6):568-577. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.
    While most research on the development of antisocial and criminal behavior has considered nonviolent and violent crime together, some evidence points to differential risk factors for these separate types of crime. The present study explored differential risk for nonviolent and violent crime by investigating the longitudinal associations between three key child risk factors (aggression, emotion dysregulation, and social isolation) and two key adolescent risk factors (parent detachment and deviant peer affiliation) predicting violent and nonviolent crime outcomes in early adulthood. Data on 754 participants (46% African American, 50% European American, 4% other; 58% male) oversampled for aggressive-disruptive behavior were collected across three time points. Read More

    Differences in the early stages of social information processing for adolescents involved in bullying.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 7;43(6):578-587. Epub 2017 Jun 7.
    Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.
    Bullying victimization has commonly been associated with deficiencies in social information processing (SIP). In contrast, findings regarding bullying perpetration are mixed, with some researchers claiming that bullies may have superior SIP abilities than victimized or uninvolved youth. This study investigated the effects of bullying and victimization on early SIP; specifically the recognition and interpretation of social information. Read More

    Effects of trait anger, driving anger, and driving experience on dangerous driving behavior: A moderated mediation analysis.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 29;43(6):544-552. Epub 2017 May 29.
    CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Beijing, China.
    To explore the effect of anger behind the wheel on driving behavior and accident involvement has been the subject of many studies. However, few studies have explored the interaction between anger and driving experience on dangerous driving behavior. This study is a moderated mediation analysis of the effect of trait anger, driving anger, and driving experience on driving behavior. Read More

    Feeling unrestricted by rules: Ostracism promotes aggressive responses.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 26;43(6):558-567. Epub 2017 May 26.
    School of Psychology, Center for Studies of Psychological Application, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, The Base of Psychological Services and Counseling for "Happiness", South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.
    The current research consisted of three studies (overall N = 338; 59 men; mean age = 19.98; SD = 1.75), which aimed to examine whether ostracism promotes aggression through enhanced feelings of rule negligence by adopting a multi-method approach. Read More

    Your act is worse than mine: Perception bias in revenge situations.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 26;43(6):553-557. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Department of Social Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
    Theoretical reflections suggest that avengers and targets of revenge have self-serving perception biases when judging the severity of revenge acts and preceding offenses. Empirical research investigating such biases has so far focused on either the offense or the revenge act and may have confounded a perception bias with a situational selection bias (i.e. Read More

    Female undergraduate's perceptions of intrusive behavior in 12 countries.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 15;43(6):531-543. Epub 2017 May 15.
    University of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    The present study examines young women's (N = 1,734) perceptions of the unacceptability of 47 intrusive activities enacted by men. Female undergraduate psychology students from 12 countries (Armenia, Australia, England, Egypt, Finland, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Portugal, Scotland, Trinidad) indicated which of 47 intrusive activities they considered to be unacceptable. Responses were compared with parasite-stress values, a measure of global gender equality and Hofstede's dimensions of national cultures. Read More

    Resource partitioning in tolerant and intolerant macaques.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Sep 27;43(5):513-520. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Strasbourg, Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Strasbourg, France.
    The clumped distribution of food resources promotes food defensibility and can lead to the monopolizing of resources by high-ranking individuals. However, the balance of power is set at different levels according to societies, meaning that resource partitioning should vary between them. This study investigates whether dominance asymmetry and resource partitioning are related in non-human primates by comparing two species with contrasting social styles, namely rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) which display strong social intolerance and a steep gradient of dominance, and Tonkean macaques (Macaca tonkeana), which exhibit higher levels of tolerance and more balanced dominance relationships. Read More

    Piecing together the aggression puzzle: Testing the mediating variables linking early to later aggression.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 19;43(6):523-530. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Department of Psychology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
    Results from several studies show that early aggression predicts later aggression; however, few studies have examined the mediating mechanisms in these relations. The paucity of research that has tested mediation found that aggressive motives and hostile attributions are important causal processes. This past work is limited by not measuring aggression multiple times throughout the study to test aggression change over time and the variables that mediate such change. Read More

    Peer victimization and changes in physical and relational aggression: The moderating role of executive functioning abilities.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Sep 10;43(5):503-512. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts.
    This study is the first to examine whether executive functioning (EF) abilities moderate longitudinal associations between peer victimization and engagement in physically and relationally aggressive behavior. Participants were 61 children (9-13 years, M = 10.68, SD = 1. Read More

    Discrepancy in perception of bullying experiences and later internalizing and externalizing behavior: A prospective study.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Sep 22;43(5):493-502. Epub 2017 Mar 22.
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, California.
    Discrepancy in perception of bullying experiences may lead to later internalizing or externalizing behavior in adolescents. A 1,663 South Korean 7th and 8th graders (mean age: 13.1 and 14. Read More

    The efficacy of teachers' responses to incidents of bullying and victimization: The mediational role of moral disengagement for bullying.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Sep 20;43(5):483-492. Epub 2017 Mar 20.
    Dipartimento di Scienze della Formazione e Psicologia, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy.
    Teachers respond differently to bullying and victimization. Socio-cognitive and moral domain theory suggest that students process teachers' behavior cognitively and that teachers' responses to incidents of bullying and victimization could affect students' level of moral disengagement. We examined the mediating effect of students' moral disengagement between types of teachers' responses to situations of bullying and victimization and individual bullying using multilevel mediation modelling. Read More

    Prospective associations between peer victimization and social-psychological adjustment problems in early childhood.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Sep 15;43(5):471-482. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, SUNY, New York.
    The present short-term longitudinal study examined prospective associations between two forms of peer victimization (i.e., physical, relational) and both externalizing and internalizing problems in early childhood. Read More

    The facial width-to-height ratio determines interpersonal distance preferences in the observer.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Sep 6;43(5):460-470. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Department of Clinical Psychology and Intervention, Institute of Psychology, Goethe University, Frankfurt Main, Germany.
    Facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) is correlated with a number of aspects of aggressive behavior in men. Observers appear to be able to assess aggressiveness from male fWHR, but implications for interpersonal distance preferences have not yet been determined. This study utilized a novel computerized stop-distance task to examine interpersonal space preferences of female participants who envisioned being approached by a man; men's faces photographed posed in neutral facial expressions were shown in increasing size to mimic approach. Read More

    Metacognitive beliefs and rumination as predictors of anger: A prospective study.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Sep 23;43(5):421-429. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
    The metacognitive approach conceptualizes the relationship between anger and rumination as driven by metacognitive beliefs, which are information individuals hold about their own cognition and about coping strategies that impact on it. The present study aimed to test the prospective predictive impact of metacognitive beliefs and rumination on anger in a community sample. Seventy-six participants were recruited and engaged in a 2-week anger, rumination, and metacognitive beliefs monitoring protocol. Read More

    Anxiety symptoms as a moderator of the reciprocal links between forms of aggression and peer victimization in middle childhood.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Sep 20;43(5):450-459. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Clinical Child Psychology Program, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.
    The current short-term longitudinal study evaluated whether anxiety symptoms moderated the bidirectional associations between forms (i.e., physical and relational) of aggression and peer victimization over a 1-year period during middle childhood. Read More

    Longitudinal relations between children's cognitive and affective theory of mind with reactive and proactive aggression.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Sep 20;43(5):440-449. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Department of Psychology, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany.
    Aggression may be performed for different reasons, such as defending oneself (reactive aggression) or to reach egoistic aims (proactive aggression). It is a widely accepted notion that a lack of theory of mind (ToM) as a basic social competence should be linked to higher aggression, but findings on the developmental links between ToM and different functions of aggression have been inconsistent. One reason for this may be the failure of taking the bi-dimensionality of both ToM (cognitive vs. Read More

    Generalized hostile interpretation bias regarding facial expressions: Characteristic of pathological aggressive behavior.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Jul 12;43(4):386-397. Epub 2017 Feb 12.
    Department of Psychiatry, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Individuals with aggression regulation disorders tend to attribute hostility to others in socially ambiguous situations. Previous research suggests that this "hostile attribution bias" is a powerful cause of aggression. Facial expressions form important cues in the appreciation of others' intentions. Read More

    Psychological processes in young bullies versus bully-victims.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Sep 8;43(5):430-439. Epub 2017 Feb 8.
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.
    Some children who bully others are also victimized themselves ("bully-victims") whereas others are not victimized themselves ("bullies"). These subgroups have been shown to differ in their social functioning as early as in kindergarten. What is less clear are the motives that underlie the bullying behavior of young bullies and bully-victims. Read More

    Do attachment patterns predict aggression in a context of social rejection? An executive functioning account.
    Aggress Behav 2017 Jul 7;43(4):408-418. Epub 2017 Feb 7.
    Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University (SWU), Chongqing, China.
    People tend to respond to rejection and attack with aggression. The present research examined the modulation role of attachment patterns on provoked aggression following punishment and proposed an executive functioning account of attachment patterns' modulating influence based on the General Aggression Model. Attachment style was measured using the Experiences in Close Relationships inventory. Read More

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