588 results match your criteria Aggressive Behavior[Journal]


Force versus fury: Sex differences in the relationships among physical and psychological threat potential, the facial width-to-height ratio, and judgements of aggressiveness.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jun 7. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Department of Psychology, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.

Individuals with larger facial width-to-height ratios (FWHRs) are judged as more threatening, and engage in more threat-related behavior, than do individuals with smaller FWHRs. Here we identified components of threat potential that are related to the FWHR. In Study 1, the FWHR was correlated positively with physical threat potential (bicep size) in women and with both physical and psychological (anger proneness) threat potential in men. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Factors that distinguish aggression toward animals from other antisocial behaviors: Evidence from a community sample.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 25. Epub 2018 May 25.

Centre of Research and Education in Forensic Psychology, School of Psychology, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, England.

Animal cruelty is a form of passive and active aggression that is largely undocumented and unreported. Given that animals are voiceless victims, we have to rely on witnesses and frontline staff (e.g. Read More

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Reductions of intimate partner violence resulting from supplementing children with omega-3 fatty acids: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, stratified, parallel-group trial.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 20. Epub 2018 May 20.

Section on Nutritional Neuroscience, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Bethesda, Maryland.

Omega-3 supplementation has been found to reduce externalizing behavior in children. Reciprocal models of parent-child behavior suggest that improving child behavior could lead to improvements in parent behavior, however no study has examined whether omega-3 supplementation in children could reduce intimate partner violence or child maltreatment by their adult caregivers. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, stratified, parallel group trial, a community sample of children were randomized to receive either a fruit drink containing 1 gm of omega-3 fats (Smartfish Recharge; Omega-3 group, n = 100) or the same fruit drink without omega-3's (Placebo group, n = 100). Read More

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To honor and obey: Perceptions and disclosure of sexual assault among honor ideology women.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 15. Epub 2018 May 15.

University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, Nevada.

The overwhelming majority of rapes goes unreported. To better understand the sociocultural mechanisms behind why underreporting may occur, three studies (total n = 1,481) examine how women's endorsement of honor values influence the perceptions of rape. Using vignettes that varied the closeness of the perpetrator of a sexual assault (i. Read More

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Lack of correspondence between the reactive proactive questionnaire and the impulsive premeditated aggression scale among forensic psychiatric outpatients.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 15. Epub 2018 May 15.

Forensic Psychiatric Centre Pompestichting, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

The most studied bimodal classifications of aggressive behavior are the impulsive/premeditated distinction measured with the Impulsive Premeditated Aggression Scale and the reactive/proactive distinction measured with the Reactive Proactive Questionnaire. The terms of these classifications are often used interchangeably, assuming that reactive aggression is equivalent to impulsive aggression and that proactive aggressive behavior is the same as premeditated aggression. The correspondence or discrepancy between both aggression classifications/questionnaires, however, is understudied. Read More

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Is bad intent negligible? Linking victim justice sensitivity, hostile attribution bias, and aggression.

Authors:
Rebecca Bondü

Aggress Behav 2018 May 3. Epub 2018 May 3.

Department of Psychology, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany.

The hostile attribution bias (HAB) is a well-established risk factor for aggression. It is considered part of the suspicious mindset that may cause highly victim-justice sensitive individuals to behave uncooperatively. Thus, links of victim justice sensitivity (JS) with negative behavior, such as aggression, may be better explained by HAB. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Reactive and proactive aggression as meaningful distinctions at the variable and person level in primary school-aged children.

Aggress Behav 2018 Apr 24. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Graduate School of Education, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Reactive and proactive aggression is a dichotomous classification of aggression in adults and children. This distinction has been supported by a number of variable-based and factor analytic studies. Due to high inter-correlations, however, the reactive-proactive aggression distinction may not be entirely useful for understanding how group or individual aggressive behavior varies in children and adolescents. Read More

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Calming an aggressor through spontaneous post-conflict triadic contacts: Appeasement in Macaca tonkeana.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jul 17;44(4):406-415. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Natural History Museum, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Peaceful third-party interventions usually occur after an aggressive encounter and can be directed toward the victim or the aggressor. Macaca tonkeana, a cercopithecine species characterized by high levels of tolerance, frequently engage in consolatory contacts, which both calm the victim and reduce the probability of further attacks against him/her. Other post-conflict affiliative interventions such as reconciliation and quadratic affiliation are also common in this species. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

Experiences of physical and relational victimization in children with ADHD: The role of social problems and aggression.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jul 16;44(4):416-425. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Department of Psychology, Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts.

The social risk factors for physical and relational peer victimization were examined within a mixed-gender sample of children with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were 124 children (ages 8-12 years; 48% boys), with 47% exhibiting sub-clinical or clinical elevations in ADHD symptoms. ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptom counts were assessed based on parent- and teacher-reports; parents rated children's social problems and teachers rated children's use of physical and relational aggression and experiences of physical and relational victimization. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Who victimizes whom and who defends whom? A multivariate social network analysis of victimization, aggression, and defending in early childhood.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jul 25;44(4):394-405. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

University of Greenwich, London, United Kingdom.

The aim of this research was to investigate the interplay between victim-aggressor relationships and defending relationships in early childhood to test the proposition that young aggressors are less selective than older children in their choice of vulnerable targets. Cross-sectional multivariate statistical social network analyses (Exponential Random Graph Models) for a sample of 177 preschoolers from seven classes, 5- to 7-years-old, revealed that boys were more aggressive than girls, toward both boys and girls, whereas defending relationships were most often same-sex. There was significant reciprocity in aggression, indicating that it was more often bidirectional rather than unidirectional. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

Predictors of childhood trajectories of overt and indirect aggression: An interdisciplinary approach.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jul 25;44(4):382-393. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Department of Psychoeducation, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Canada.

The aim of this study was to advance our understanding of the development of aggression in boys and girls by testing a model combining insights from both evolutionary theory and developmental psychology. A sample of 744 children (348 girls) between six and 13 years old was recruited in schools with high deprivation indices. Half of the sample (N = 372; 40. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Predicting dating behavior from aggression and self-perceived social status in adolescence.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jul 14;44(4):372-381. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Counselling Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

We investigated the longitudinal associations between self-reported aggression, self-perceived social status, and dating in adolescence using an intrasexual competition theoretical framework. Participants consisted of 536 students in Grade 9 (age 15), recruited from a community sample, who were assessed on a yearly basis until they were in Grade 11 (age 17). Adolescents self-reported their use of direct and indirect aggression, social status, and number of dating partners. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Personality correlates of intimate partner violence subtypes: A latent class analysis.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jul 12;44(4):348-361. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Psychology, William Paterson University, Wayne, New Jersey.

Perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV) represent a heterogeneous group who engage in a variety of aggressive acts which often co-occur. However, few studies take this co-occurrence into consideration. Failure to consider overlapping forms of IPV confounds understanding of risk factors for physical IPV, which in turn undermines identification, prevention, and intervention efforts. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Reactive aggression tracks within-participant changes in women's salivary testosterone.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jul 12;44(4):362-371. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Institute of Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

The relation between testosterone and aggression has been relatively well documented in men, but it is less well understood in women. Here we assessed the relationship between salivary testosterone and reactive aggression (i.e. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Sexual-perception processes in acquaintance-targeted sexual aggression.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 1;44(3):316-326. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.

This study analyzes data from seven published studies to examine whether three performance-based indices of men's misperception of women's sexual interest (MSI), derived from a self-report questionnaire, are associated with sexual-aggression history, rape-supportive attitudes, sociosexuality, problem drinking, and self-reported MSI. Almost 2000 undergraduate men judged the justifiability of a man's increasingly unwanted advances toward a woman on the Heterosocial Perception Survey-Revised. Participants self-reported any sexual-aggression history, and some completed questionnaires assessing rape-supportive attitudes, sociosexuality, problem drinking, and self-reported MSI. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

It's more than skin-deep: The relationship between social victimization and telomere length in adolescence.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jul 26;44(4):337-347. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas.

This study examined the relationship between peer victimization and telomere length (TL), an indicator of biological aging that is associated with stressors (Epel, 2009). It was predicted that social victimization would have a greater impact upon TL, as well as the frequency and severity of health complaints than physical victimization. Adolescents (M  = 15. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

Differentiating corporal punishment from physical abuse in the prediction of lifetime aggression.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 10;44(3):306-315. Epub 2018 Feb 10.

Department of Psychology, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota.

Corporal punishment and parental physical abuse often co-occur during upbringing, making it difficult to differentiate their selective impacts on psychological functioning. Associations between corporal punishment and a number of lifetime aggression indicators were examined in this study after efforts to control the potential influence of various forms of co-occurring maltreatment (parental physical abuse, childhood sexual abuse, sibling abuse, peer bullying, and observed parental violence). College students (N = 1,136) provided retrospective self-reports regarding their history of aggression and levels of exposure to childhood corporal punishment and maltreatment experiences. Read More

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May 2018
4 Reads

Aggression is associated with greater subsequent alcohol consumption: A shared neural basis in the ventral striatum.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 7;44(3):285-293. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.

Alcohol use and abuse (e.g., binge drinking) are among the most reliable causes of aggressive behavior. Read More

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May 2018
4 Reads

Association between intimate partner violence during pregnancy and maternal pregnancy complications among recently delivered women in Bangladesh.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 7;44(3):294-305. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kanazawa Medical University, Japan.

Intimate partner violence (IPV), an actual or threatened physical, sexual, or psychological abuse by a current or former partner or spouse, is a common global public health issue. Understanding both the prevalence of IPV during pregnancy and its potential impact on the health of pregnant women is important for the development and implementation of interventions to prevent maternal morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between maternal experiences of IPV during pregnancy and pregnancy complications. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

The role of aggression-related early maladaptive schemas and schema modes in aggression in a prisoner sample.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 25;44(3):246-256. Epub 2018 Jan 25.

Centre for Forensic Behavioral Science, Swinburne University of Technology, Alphington, Victoria, Australia.

Contemporary social-cognitive aggression theory and extant empirical research highlights the relationship between certain Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) and aggression in offenders. To date, the related construct of schema modes, which presents a comprehensive and integrated schema unit, has received scant empirical attention. Furthermore, EMSs and schema modes have yet to be examined concurrently with respect to aggressive behavior. Read More

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May 2018
4 Reads
2.27 Impact Factor

Early risk pathways to physical versus relational peer aggression: The interplay of externalizing behavior and corporal punishment varies by child sex.

Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 25;44(2):209-220. Epub 2018 Jan 25.

Psychology Department, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Children who aggress against their peers may use physical or relational forms, yet little research has looked at early childhood risk factors and characteristics that uniquely predict high levels of relational versus physical aggression in preadolescence. Accordingly, the main aim of our study was to link early corporal punishment and externalizing behavior to children's physical and relational peer aggression during preadolescence and to examine how these pathways differed by sex. Participants were 193, 3-year-old boys (39%) and girls who were reassessed following the transition to kindergarten (5. Read More

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March 2018
5 Reads

Friendly fire: Longitudinal effects of exposure to violent video games on aggressive behavior in adolescent friendship dyads.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 24;44(3):257-267. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Research on gaming effects has focused on adolescence, a developmental period in which peer relationships become increasingly salient. However, the impact of peers on the effects of violent gaming on adolescents has been understudied. This study examined whether adolescents' exposure to violent video games predicted their own and their friend's aggression one year later. Read More

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May 2018
6 Reads

Gender differences in intimate-conflict initiation and escalation tendencies.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 10;44(3):276-284. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

School of Social Work, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

According to gender motivation theory, men are driven by a desire to enhance their status; whereas, women are motivated by a desire to reduce risk, and the behavioral expressions of those motivations are context-dependent. In order to test this theory in the context of intimate relationships, this study compared men's and women's escalatory tendencies in the initial development of intimate conflict. These tendencies were conceptualized in terms of four attributes: two attributes that represent response intention (decision and style) and two others that represent motivations for that intention (putting one's partner in his or her place and avoiding conflict). Read More

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May 2018
4 Reads

The roles of trauma exposure, rejection sensitivity, and callous-unemotional traits in the aggressive behavior of justice-involved youth: A moderated mediation model.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 5;44(3):268-275. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Research has demonstrated an association between childhood trauma exposure and adolescent aggression. This association may be explained by rejection sensitivity, defined as anger, or anxiety in the anticipation of rejection, which can be a consequence of trauma exposure. Callous-unemotional (CU) traits also are associated with trauma exposure and aggressive behavior; however, research has not yet investigated the interactive roles that rejection sensitivity and CU traits play in the relation between trauma exposure and aggression. Read More

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May 2018
3 Reads

Personality correlates of revenge-seeking: Multidimensional links to physical aggression, impulsivity, and aggressive pleasure.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 19;44(3):235-245. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Richmond, Virginia.

People differ in how much they seek retribution for interpersonal insults, slights, rejections, and other antagonistic actions. Identifying individuals who are most prone towards such revenge-seeking is a theoretically-informative and potentially violence-reducing endeavor. However, we have yet to understand the extent to which revenge-seeking individuals exhibit specific features of aggressiveness, impulsivity, and what motivates their hunt for retribution. Read More

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May 2018
7 Reads

An experimental examination of alcohol consumption, alcohol expectancy, and self-blame on willingness to report a hypothetical rape.

Aggress Behav 2018 May 15;44(3):225-234. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

School of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavior, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.

This study experimentally examined the role of victim alcohol intoxication, and self-blame in perceiving and reporting rape to the police using a hypothetical interactive rape scenario. Participants (N = 79) were randomly assigned to consume alcohol (mean BAC = 0.07%) or tonic water before they engaged in the scenario. Read More

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May 2018
5 Reads

Development and psychometric evaluation of a rapid intimate partner violence perpetration screening tool.

Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 30;44(2):199-208. Epub 2017 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Current methods of identifying intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration rely upon lengthy screening instruments, partner injury, and legal involvement. There exist no viable, brief screening tools to facilitate the rapid and early identification of IPV perpetration. The development of a brief IPV screening tool would reduce participant burden and compensation in research as well as aid in self-identification and appropriate consultation for treatment. Read More

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March 2018
4 Reads

Does change in perceptions of peer teen dating violence predict change in teen dating violence perpetration over time?

Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 27;44(2):156-164. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, Texas.

Research has previously demonstrated that perceptions of peer's teen dating violence (TDV) is associated with one's own perpetration of TDV, although little research has examined whether this relationship is consistent across developmental time periods (i.e., mid-to-late adolescence). Read More

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March 2018
7 Reads

A meta-analysis of the differential relations of traditional and cyber-victimization with internalizing problems.

Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 21;44(2):185-198. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padua, Padova, Italy.

This meta-analysis examined the associations between cyber-victimization and internalizing problems controlling for the occurrence of traditional victimization. Twenty independent samples with a total of 90,877 participants were included. Results confirmed the significant intercorrelation between traditional and cyber-victimization (r = . Read More

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March 2018
7 Reads

Predicting the use of corporal punishment: Child aggression, parent religiosity, and the BDNF gene.

Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 17;44(2):165-175. Epub 2017 Nov 17.

Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel.

Corporal punishment (CP) has been associated with deleterious child outcomes, highlighting the importance of understanding its underpinnings. Although several factors have been linked with parents' CP use, genetic influences on CP have rarely been studied, and an integrative view examining the interplay between different predictors of CP is missing. We focused on the separate and joint effects of religiosity, child aggression, parent's gender, and a valine (Val) to methionine (Met) substitution in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene. Read More

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March 2018
5 Reads

Peer victimization and social-emotional outcomes: The role of teacher and peer support.

Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 13;44(2):176-184. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

Department of Psychology, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, Illinois.

The relation between peer victimization, risk of social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties, and school-based sources of social support for students in elementary and middle school were examined. Participants included 656 students in third to eighth grade from one school district. Results indicated that peer support mediated the relation between peer victimization and risk of social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties, but teacher support did not mediate this relation. Read More

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March 2018
4 Reads

Autonomic conditioning to monetary and social stimuli and aggression in children.

Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 3;44(2):147-155. Epub 2017 Nov 3.

Department of Psychology, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Poor conditioning to punishment, such as loud tones or electric shock, has been proposed as an important factor involved in the etiology of aggressive and psychopathic behavior. However, it is not known whether the association holds when monetary or social stimulus is used as the unconditioned stimulus, and if aggressive individuals also have impaired conditioning to rewards. In this study, skin conductance responses in a conditioning task involving both monetary/social reward and punishment as unconditioned stimuli were assessed in 340 male and female 8- to 9-year-old children from the community. Read More

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March 2018
8 Reads

Exposure to hate speech increases prejudice through desensitization.

Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 2;44(2):136-146. Epub 2017 Nov 2.

Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

In three studies (two representative nationwide surveys, N = 1,007, N = 682; and one experimental, N = 76) we explored the effects of exposure to hate speech on outgroup prejudice. Following the General Aggression Model, we suggest that frequent and repetitive exposure to hate speech leads to desensitization to this form of verbal violence and subsequently to lower evaluations of the victims and greater distancing, thus increasing outgroup prejudice. In the first survey study, we found that lower sensitivity to hate speech was a positive mediator of the relationship between frequent exposure to hate speech and outgroup prejudice. Read More

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March 2018
3 Reads

Illuminating the nomological network of digital aggression: Results from two studies.

Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 1;44(2):125-135. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.

We examined the nomological network surrounding digital aggression (DA), in regards to other forms of aggression/antisocial behavior and individual difference variables commonly associated with other forms of aggression/antisocial behavior. Two large samples of university students (N = 713 and 633, respectively) completed a series of questionnaires and in some cases, an additional experience sampling study. Results revealed that, in emerging adulthood, DA appears to have a unique demographic profile relative to the other forms of aggression and antisocial behavior. Read More

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March 2018
4 Reads

The lone gamer: Social exclusion predicts violent video game preferences and fuels aggressive inclinations in adolescent players.

Aggress Behav 2018 Mar 20;44(2):113-124. Epub 2017 Oct 20.

Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy.

Violent video game playing has been linked to a wide range of negative outcomes, especially in adolescents. In the present research, we focused on a potential determinant of adolescents' willingness to play violent video games: social exclusion. We also tested whether exclusion can predict increased aggressiveness following violent video game playing. Read More

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March 2018
6 Reads

Children's hostile intent attributions and emotional distress: What do parents perceive?

Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 28;44(1):98-108. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

School of Family Life, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.

Traditionally, assessments of social information processing and associated emotional distress have used children's self-reports. We posit that additional informants, such as parents, may help illuminate the association between these variables and aggression. Our sample was composed of 222 dual-parent families of fourth-grade children (103 boys; 119 girls). Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Depression in early adolescence: Contributions from relational aggression and variation in the oxytocin receptor gene.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 4;44(1):60-68. Epub 2017 Sep 4.

Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.

Interpersonal stress arising from relational aggression (RA)-the intentional effort to harm others via rejection and exclusion-may increase risk for depression in youth. Biological vulnerabilities related to the hormone oxytocin, which affects social behavior and stress responses, may exacerbate this risk. In a community sample of 307 youth (52% female; age range = 10-14 years), we tested whether (1) the association between RA and subsequent depressive symptoms was mediated through social problems and (2) a single nucleotide polymorphism (rs53576) in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) moderated this indirect association between RA and depression, where GG homozygotes are predicted to be more sensitive to the effects of social problems than A-allele carriers. Read More

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January 2018
6 Reads

Evaluating the heat-aggression hypothesis: The role of temporal and social factors in predicting baseball related aggression.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 4;44(1):83-88. Epub 2017 Sep 4.

University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware.

We examined the role that season progression and social threats play in the heat-aggression hypothesis within Major League Baseball put forward by Reifman, Larrick, and Fein (1991). Box score data from 38,870 Major League Baseball games between the years of 2000 and 2015 was used to test the heat-aggression relationship, while accounting for temporal and social factors that may be simultaneously exerting influence on player behavior. Controlling for a number of other variables, we observed that the effect of temperature on aggressive behavior is partially contingent on the point of the season in which the game took place. Read More

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January 2018
5 Reads

Exposure to nature counteracts aggression after depletion.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 31;44(1):89-97. Epub 2017 Aug 31.

School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

Acts of self-control are more likely to fail after previous exertion of self-control, known as the ego depletion effect. Research has shown that depleted participants behave more aggressively than non-depleted participants, especially after being provoked. Although exposure to nature (e. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Transitions in sleep problems from late adolescence to young adulthood: A longitudinal analysis of the effects of peer victimization.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 31;44(1):69-82. Epub 2017 Aug 31.

Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan Town, Miaoli County, Taiwan.

Adolescence is a developmental period with high vulnerability to sleep problems. However, research identifying distinct patterns and underlying determinants of sleep problems is scarce. This study investigated discrete subgroups of, changes in, and stability of sleep problems. Read More

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January 2018
8 Reads

Heightened male aggression toward sexualized women following romantic rejection: The mediating role of sex goal activation.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 3;44(1):40-49. Epub 2017 Aug 3.

School of Psychology, Mathews Building, The University of New South Wales, UNSW Sydney NSW, Australia.

Research from a variety of disciplines suggests a positive relationship between Western cultural sexualization and women's likelihood of suffering harm. In the current experiment, 157 young men were romantically rejected by a sexualized or non-sexualized woman then given the opportunity to blast the woman with loud bursts of white noise. We tested whether the activation of sexual goals in men would mediate the relationship between sexualization and aggressive behavior after romantic rejection. Read More

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January 2018
10 Reads

A riot on campus: The effects of social identity complexity on emotions and reparative attitudes after ingroup-perpetrated violence.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 2;44(1):50-59. Epub 2017 Aug 2.

Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

When a group commits a transgression, members who identify closely with the group often engage in defensive strategies in which they are less likely to experience guilt and shame in response to the transgression than are less identified group members. Subsequently, highly identified group members are often less willing to offer reparations to the injured parties. Because appropriate emotional responses and reparations are critical to community reconciliation, the present investigation examined whether social identity complexity-the degree to which individuals perceive their multiple social identities as interrelated-reduced these defensive responses. Read More

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January 2018
8 Reads

Being a good or a just teacher: Which experiences of teachers' behavior can be more predictive of school bullying?

Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 30;44(1):29-39. Epub 2017 Jul 30.

Department of Educational Psychology, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Halle/Saale, Germany.

In two cross-sectional questionnaire studies with N = 2,931 German students, aged between 12 and 17 years (M = 14.1, SD = 0.5), we investigated the relation between students' bullying behavior and their personal belief in a just world (BJW). Read More

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January 2018
5 Reads

Aggression-related brain function assessed with the Point Subtraction Aggression Paradigm in fMRI.

Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 25;43(6):601-610. Epub 2017 Jul 25.

Neurobiology Research Unit and Center for Integrated Molecular Brain Imaging, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen O, Denmark.

The Point Subtraction Aggression Paradigm (PSAP) measures aggressive behavior in response to provocations. The aim of the study was to implement the PSAP in a functional neuroimaging environment (fMRI) and evaluate aggression-related brain reactivity including response to provocations and associations with aggression within the paradigm. Twenty healthy participants completed two 12-min PSAP sessions within the scanner. Read More

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November 2017
5 Reads

Effects of harsh parenting and positive parenting practices on youth aggressive behavior: The moderating role of early pubertal timing.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 12;44(1):18-28. Epub 2017 Jul 12.

Departments of Criminology, Psychiatry, and Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Prior research indicates that early pubertal timing is associated with aggressive behavior, particularly in the context of adversity as postulated in the contextual amplification hypothesis. However, few studies have examined harsh parenting as the context for the effect of early pubertal timing. Even fewer studies have tested the interactive effect of early pubertal timing and positive parenting on aggressive behavior. Read More

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January 2018
10 Reads

The object of my aggression: Sexual objectification increases physical aggression toward women.

Aggress Behav 2018 Jan 20;44(1):5-17. Epub 2017 Jun 20.

University of Kent, Kent, United Kingdom.

Objectification involves reducing someone to a sexual object, rather than seeing them as a full person. Despite numerous theoretical claims that people are more aggressive toward the objectified, and empirical evidence that objectification is linked to high willingness to aggress, rape proclivity, and aggressive attitudes, no research has examined a causal link between objectification and physical aggression, particularly in the context of provocation. In two experiments, we examined this predicted link. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Effortful control, exposure to community violence, and aggressive behavior: Exploring cross-lagged relations in adolescence.

Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 11;43(6):588-600. Epub 2017 Jun 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Caserta, Italy.

Self-regulation processes and violent contexts play an important role in predicting adolescents' aggressive behavior; less clear is how all three constructs are linked to each other over time. The present study examined the longitudinal relations among adolescents' self-reported effortful control (EC), exposure to community violence, both as a witness and as a victim, and aggressive behavior. Participants were 768 Italian adolescents (358 males) living in a high-risk context, with a mean age at T1 of 11 years in the younger cohort and 14 years in the older cohort. Read More

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November 2017
5 Reads

Child and adolescent risk factors that differentially predict violent versus nonviolent crime.

Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 8;43(6):568-577. Epub 2017 Jun 8.

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.

While most research on the development of antisocial and criminal behavior has considered nonviolent and violent crime together, some evidence points to differential risk factors for these separate types of crime. The present study explored differential risk for nonviolent and violent crime by investigating the longitudinal associations between three key child risk factors (aggression, emotion dysregulation, and social isolation) and two key adolescent risk factors (parent detachment and deviant peer affiliation) predicting violent and nonviolent crime outcomes in early adulthood. Data on 754 participants (46% African American, 50% European American, 4% other; 58% male) oversampled for aggressive-disruptive behavior were collected across three time points. Read More

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November 2017
4 Reads

Differences in the early stages of social information processing for adolescents involved in bullying.

Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 7;43(6):578-587. Epub 2017 Jun 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.

Bullying victimization has commonly been associated with deficiencies in social information processing (SIP). In contrast, findings regarding bullying perpetration are mixed, with some researchers claiming that bullies may have superior SIP abilities than victimized or uninvolved youth. This study investigated the effects of bullying and victimization on early SIP; specifically the recognition and interpretation of social information. Read More

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November 2017
20 Reads