48,624 results match your criteria Aggression


[Series: Communication in the dental practice. Dealing with conflict and intimidation in the dental practice].

Authors:
A J E Smith

Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd 2019 Feb;126(2):73-78

In the dental practice, several situations that might lead to conflict are imaginable. How a dentist deals with a conflict depends in part on the importance he places on the content of the conflict in relation to the importance of the relationship with the patient. This article briefly describes 5 conflict management styles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5177/ntvt.2019.02.18227DOI Listing
February 2019

Female primary and secondary psychopathic variants show distinct endocrine and psychophysiological profiles.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2019 Feb 13;104:7-17. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Research with predominantly male samples supports primary and secondary developmental pathways to psychopathy that are phenotypically indistinguishable on aggressive and antisocial behavior. The aim of this study was to examine whether female variants of psychopathy show divergent endocrine (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.02.011DOI Listing
February 2019

Occupational well-being in pediatricians-a survey about work-related posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety.

Eur J Pediatr 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, OLVG, Oosterpark 9, 1091 AC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

The objective of this study was to study mental health, coping, and support after work-related adverse events among pediatricians. Physicians are frequently exposed to adverse events. It makes them at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-019-03334-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of memantine combined with citalopram on cognition of BPSD and moderate Alzheimer's disease: A clinical trial.

Exp Ther Med 2019 Mar 21;17(3):1625-1630. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Geriatric Psychiatry, Qingdao Mental Health Center, Qingdao, Shandong 266034, P.R. China.

Among Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, it is very common to develop behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), which has a close relation to the excess morbidity and mortality, greater healthcare use, earlier institutionalization, and caregiver burden. With evaluation of AD patients, the present study mainly aims to investigate whether citalopram would be efficient for BPSD, and examines citalopram's effects on cognitive function, caregiver distress, safety and tolerability. Eighty patients diagnosed with moderate AD and clinically significant BPSD from April 2015 to January 2016 were enrolled in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2018.7124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364245PMC

Insight of Captagon Abuse by Chemogenomics Knowledgebase-guided Systems Pharmacology Target Mapping Analyses.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 19;9(1):2268. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Computational Chemical Genomics Screening Center, School of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 15261, United States.

Captagon, known by its genetic name Fenethylline, is an addictive drug that complicates the War on Drugs. Captagon has a strong CNS stimulating effect than its primary metabolite, Amphetamine. However, multi-targets issues associated with the drug and metabolites as well as its underlying mechanisms have not been fully defined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-35449-6DOI Listing
February 2019

The Effect of the Treatment at a Pain Clinic on the Patients' Assessment of Their Pain Intensity and the Incidence of Mental Disorders in the form of Anxiety, Depression, and Aggression.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 18;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, John Paul II Western Hospital in Grodzisk Mazowiecki, 11 Daleka St., 05-825 Grodzisk Mazowiecki, Poland.

The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of the treatment given to patients in a pain clinic on their assessment of pain intensity and the incidence of emotional disturbances in the form of anxiety, depression, and aggression. The study was conducted from January 2014 to April 2018 among patients under the care of two Warsaw pain clinics. The study tools were the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Modified Version (HADS-M) and the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040586DOI Listing
February 2019
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Distribution of neuropeptide F in the ventral nerve cord and its possible role on testicular development and germ cell proliferation in the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii.

Cell Tissue Res 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Sciences, Mahidol University, Rachathewi, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Neuropeptide F in invertebrates is a homolog of neuropeptide Y in mammals and it is a member of FMRFamide-related peptides. In arthropods, such as insects, there are two types of neuropeptide F comprising long neuropeptide F (NPF) and short neuropeptide F (sNPF). Both NPFs are known to play a crucial role in the regulations of foraging, feeding-related behaviors, circadian rhythm, stress responses, aggression and reproduction in invertebrates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00441-019-02999-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Differences in how macaques monitor others: Does serotonin play a central role?

Wiley Interdiscip Rev Cogn Sci 2019 Feb 18:e1494. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.

Primates must balance the need to monitor other conspecifics to gain social information while not losing other resource opportunities. We consolidate evidence across the fields of primatology, psychology, and neuroscience to examine individual, population, and species differences in how primates, particularly macaques, monitor conspecifics. We particularly consider the role of serotonin in mediating social competency via social attention, aggression, and dominance behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/wcs.1494DOI Listing
February 2019

Behaviour problems in people with intellectual disabilities: validation of the French version of the Behaviour Problems Inventory - Short Form.

J Intellect Disabil Res 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Psychology, Université de Tours, Tours, France.

Objective: The risk for the development of severe behaviour problems by individuals with intellectual disability (ID) is a well-known concern. However, there are currently no reliable instruments for assessing these behaviours in French. The Behaviour Problems Inventory - Short Form (BPI-S) assesses these three types of behaviour in people with ID: self-injurious behaviour (eight items), aggressive/destructive behaviours (10 items) and stereotypic behaviours (12 items). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jir.12612DOI Listing
February 2019

Ethnic-Cultural Bullying Versus Personal Bullying: Specificity and Measurement of Discriminatory Aggression and Victimization Among Adolescents.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:46. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Psychology, Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain.

The present study contrasts personal bullying with ethnic-cultural bullying. A representative pluricultural sample from a Spanish adolescent population of Secondary Education took part in the study ( = 27369). The sample filled in the EBIPQ to measure personal bullying. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367499PMC
February 2019

Perpetration of sexual aggression among adolescents in South Africa.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 13;72:32-36. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Alpert Medical School of Brown University; Providence/Boston Center for AIDS Research, USA.

Introduction: In South Africa, one in three men have reported perpetrating rape. Adolescence presents a unique developmental period for primary prevention of violence. However, few studies characterize the epidemiology of sexual violence among adolescents in South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019
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[Violence in the Emergency Medicine (Emergency Rescue Service and Emergency Departments) - Current Situation in Germany].

Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 2019 Feb 15;54(2):146-154. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Background: During the last years healthcare personnel is more often faced with different degrees of violence and aggression while doing their jobs. However, systematic data with respect to offender profiles, reasons, frequency and types of violence in emergency medicine in Germany has not been systematically analyzed.

Aim: The aim of this article is to overview the data of present German studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0043-112189DOI Listing
February 2019
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Development of social play in hamsters: sex differences and their possible functions.

Brain Res 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, 37996, USA. Electronic address:

In several rodent species social play appears to be necessary for proper deployment of species-specific patterns of aggressive and reproductive behavior. Specifically, in male Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus), play has been linked to the development of adult aggression. We quantified several types of social play behavior in same-sex peer groups ofSyrian hamsters three times per week for three consecutiveweeksafter weaning, which included postnatal days 22-42 (PD22 to PD42). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2019.02.012DOI Listing
February 2019
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Underlying Psychophysiology of Dysregulation: Resting Heart Rate and Heart Rate Reactivity in Relation to Childhood Dysregulation.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: High co-occurrence of externalizing and internalizing problems could underlie inconsistent findings regarding the relation between heart rate (HR) and psychopathology. In this study, HR measures were examined in relation to a general dysregulation profile studied from variable- and person-centered approaches.

Method: The sample (N = 182) consisted of 8- to 12-year-old children referred for externalizing behaviors and typically developing children (mean age 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.09.434DOI Listing
October 2018
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Obesogenic food consumption among young children: the role of maltreatment.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 15:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

2College for Public Health & Social Justice,Saint Louis University,St. Louis,MO,USA.

Objective: To determine whether children exposed to a greater variety of acts of parent-to-child physical and psychological maltreatment will be at greater risk of consuming obesogenic foods at a higher frequency.

Design: Survey research using a longitudinal panel design.

Setting: In-home interviews with primary caregivers in twenty large US cities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000065DOI Listing
February 2019
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Trouble in the nest: Antecedents of sibling bullying victimization and perpetration.

Dev Psychol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Warwick.

Sibling bullying is highly prevalent and has been found to have adverse effects on mental health lasting into early adulthood. What is unknown is what predicts sibling bullying roles (uninvolved, victim, bully-victim and bully). This study aimed to identify precursors of sibling bullying roles in middle childhood using a large sample of 6,838 children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a prospective United Kingdom birth-cohort. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/dev0000700
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/dev0000700DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

AGGRESSIVE ENACTMENTS: CONTAINING THE "NO" IN CLINICAL WORK WITH SURVIVORS OF ABUSE.

Am J Psychoanal 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Austen Riggs Center, 25 Main Street, P.O. Box 962, Stockbridge, MA, 01262, USA.

Identity development depends on the ability to say 'no.' Setting limits enables a relationship between two separate individuals to develop. Early trauma can leave the individual so vigilant to others' demands that internal prohibitions against intrusion remain silenced, which we conceptualize as a 'no' that could not be sufficiently articulated to keep the person safe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/s11231-019-09173-7DOI Listing
February 2019
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Neurocognitive Rehabilitation: Skills or Strategies?

Am J Occup Ther 2018 Nov/Dec;72(6):7206150010p1-7206150010p16

Gordon Muir Giles, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor, Samuel Merritt University, Oakland, CA, and Director of Neurobehavioral Services, Crestwood Treatment Center, Fremont, CA;

The author describes personal and professional milestones in becoming an occupational therapist and his early experience in the first behavior disorder program for neurologically based aggression in the world. A real clinical example is used to bring these early lessons into vivid focus. New evidence underlines occupational therapists' unique role in skill-habit training in clients with severe neurological impairment. Read More

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http://ajot.aota.org/article.aspx?doi=10.5014/ajot.2018.7260
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2018.726001DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Hypothalamic Control of Conspecific Self-Defense.

Cell Rep 2019 Feb;26(7):1747-1758.e5

Neuroscience Institute, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA; Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA; Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA. Electronic address:

Active defense against a conspecific aggressor is essential for survival. Previous studies revealed strong c-Fos expression in the ventrolateral part of the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMHvl) in defeated animals. Here, we examined the functional relevance and in vivo responses of the VMHvl during conspecific defense. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2019.01.078DOI Listing
February 2019
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Dimensions of Anger Reactions-Revised: Validation of a brief anger measure in Australia and Spain.

J Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychological Science, University of California, Irvine, California, United States.

Objective: A validated, brief measure of anger is needed in clinical settings to screen for problematic anger. This study examined the validity of the seven-item Dimensions of Anger Reactions-Revised (DAR-R), including a version for the Spanish population.

Method: Multiple psychometric instruments administered to 541 (76. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22757DOI Listing
February 2019
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Extracellular vesicles, news about their role in immune cells: physiology, pathology and diseases.

Authors:
Jacopo Meldolesi

Clin Exp Immunol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

San Raffaele Institute and Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, via Olgettina 58, 20132, Milan, Italy.

Two types of extracellular vesicles (EVs), exosomes and ectosomes, are generated and released by all cells, including immune cells. The two EVs appear different in many properties: size, mechanism and site of assembly, composition of their membranes and luminal cargoes, sites and processes of release. In functional terms, however, these differences are minor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cei.13274DOI Listing
February 2019
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Parents' PTSD symptoms and child abuse potential during the perinatal period: Direct associations and mediation via relationship conflict.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Feb 10;90:66-75. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, United States; University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with parental aggression towards children, but little is known about the relation between parents' PTSD symptoms and their risk for perpetrating child physical abuse during the early parenting years, when the potential for prevention of abuse may be highest.

Objective: To examine direct associations between mothers' and fathers' PTSD symptoms and child abuse potential, as well as indirect effects through couple relationship adjustment (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.01.024DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Natural and Synthetic Cannabinoids for Agitation and Aggression in Alzheimer's Disease: A Meta-Analysis.

J Clin Psychiatry 2019 Jan 29;80(2). Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Psychiatry, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Ave, Ste FG08, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M4N 3M5.

Objective: This meta-analysis investigated the efficacy of cannabinoids on agitation and aggression in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Data Sources: Electronic records up to August 2018 were searched from MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO. Search terms included Alzheimer's disease, agitation, aggression, and cannabinoids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.18r12617DOI Listing
January 2019
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Music Therapy and Physical Activity to Ease Anxiety, Restlessness, Irritability, and Aggression in Individuals With Dementia With Signs of Frontotemporal Lobe Degeneration.

J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 2019 Feb 8:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate whether a combined intervention of physical activity and music therapy could reduce anxiety, restlessness, irritability, and aggression among individuals with severe dementia. An exploratory design was used to evaluate a combined intervention of physical activity, music therapy, and daily walking. Interventions were systematically implemented for 8 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20190124-02DOI Listing
February 2019
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Gender-Based Experiences of Verbal Bullying in Adolescents: Application of Giorgi's Method.

J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 2019 Feb 8:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Verbal bullying among adolescents, which has become increasingly prevalent in recent years, often involves swearing or sexually ridiculing one's family members or peers. Because many factors underlying the initiation of verbal bullying remain unknown, Giorgi's phenomenological method was used to examine the essence and meaning of verbal bullying among adolescents, which is an urgent issue in the field of nursing in South Korea. In this descriptive phenomenological study, researchers examined the behavior of 16 adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20190124-01DOI Listing
February 2019
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Functions of medial hypothalamic and mesolimbic dopamine circuitries in aggression.

Curr Opin Behav Sci 2018 Dec 3;24:104-112. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Neuroscience Institute, New York University School of Medicine, 522 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA.

Aggression is a crucial survival behavior: it is employed to defend territory, compete for food and mating opportunities, protect kin, and resolve disputes. Although widely differing in its behavioral expression, aggression is observed across many species. The neural substrates of aggression have been investigated for nearly a century and two highly conserved circuitries emerge as critical substrates for generating and modulating aggression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cobeha.2018.06.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368185PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Molecular characterization of prostate cancer with associated Gleason score using mass spectrometry imaging.

Mol Cancer Res 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School

Diagnosis of prostate cancer is based on histological evaluation of tumor architecture using a system known as the 'Gleason score'. This diagnostic paradigm, while the standard of care, is time-consuming, shows intra-observer variability and provides no information about the altered metabolic pathways, which result in altered tissue architecture. Characterization of the molecular composition of prostate cancer and how it changes with respect to the Gleason score (GS) could enable a more objective and faster diagnosis. Read More

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http://mcr.aacrjournals.org/lookup/doi/10.1158/1541-7786.MCR
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-18-1057DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Orexin/hypocretin receptor gene (HCRTR1) variation is associated with aggressive behaviour.

Neuropharmacology 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.

Orexins, alternatively called hypocretins, are neuropeptides with crucial role in maintaining wakefulness. The orexin system is thought to mediate a coordinated defense response but thus far investigated from the flight, but never fight, response perspective. An HCRTR1 gene variant (rs2271933 G > A) leading to amino acid substitution (Ile408Val) has been associated with migraine and mood disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropharm.2019.02.009DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Exploring the structure of narcissism: towards an integrated solution.

J Pers 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

University of Georgia, Psychology, 125 Baldwin St, Psychology Building, Athens, Georgia, United States.

Objective: Despite decades of work on narcissism there remain many active areas of exploration and debate including a clear and consensual description of its underlying components. Understanding narcissism's factor structure is necessary for precise measurement and investigation of specific psychological and behavioral processes. The aim of the current study was to explore the structure of narcissism by examining it at varying hierarchical levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12464DOI Listing
February 2019
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Association of Behavior in Boys From Low Socioeconomic Neighborhoods With Employment Earnings in Adulthood.

JAMA Pediatr 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Research Unit on Children's Psychosocial Maladjustment (GRIP), Université de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Importance: Identifying early childhood behavioral problems associated with economic success/failure is essential for the development of targeted interventions that enhance economic prosperity through improved educational attainment and social integration.

Objective: To test the association between kindergarten teacher-rated assessments of inattention, hyperactivity, opposition, aggression, and prosociality in boys with their employment earnings at age 35 to 36 years as measured by government tax return data.

Design, Setting, And Participants: A 30-year prospective follow-up study analyzing low socioeconomic neighborhoods in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.5375DOI Listing
February 2019
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Callous-unemotional traits, low cortisol reactivity and physical aggression in children: findings from the Wirral Child Health and Development Study.

Transl Psychiatry 2019 Feb 11;9(1):79. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Psychological Science, Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Callous-unemotional (CU) traits are thought to confer risk for aggression via reduced amygdala responsivity to distress cues in others. Low cortisol reactivity is thought to confer risk for aggression via reduced arousal and this effect may be confined to boys. We tested the hypothesis that the association between childhood CU traits and aggression would be greatest in the absence of the inhibitory effects of cortisol reactivity, and that this effect would be sex dependent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41398-019-0406-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370839PMC
February 2019
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Examining the Link Between Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Major Depressive Disorder in Remission.

J Alzheimers Dis 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Background: Cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) have been linked to both depression and cognitive decline but their role in neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) has yet to be clarified.

Objective: Understanding the role of CVRFs in the etiology of NPS for prospective treatments and preventive strategies to minimize these symptoms.

Methods: We examined the distribution of NPS using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) scores in three cohorts from the Prevention of Alzheimer's Dementia with Cognitive Remediation Plus Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Depression (PACt-MD) study: older patients with a lifetime history of major depressive disorder (MDD) in remission, patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and patients with combined MCI and MDD. Read More

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https://www.medra.org/servlet/aliasResolver?alias=iospress&a
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JAD-181099DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

The "Violent Resident": A Critical Exploration of the Ethics of Resident-to-Resident Aggression.

J Bioeth Inq 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Justice Canada, 284 Wellington Street, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0H8, Canada.

Resident-to-resident aggression is quite prevalent in long-term care settings. Within popular and empirical accounts, this form of aggression is most commonly attributed to the actions of an aberrant individual living with dementia characterized as the "violent resident." It is often a medical diagnosis of dementia that is highlighted as the ultimate cause of aggression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11673-019-09898-1DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Emotional and Behavioral Problems among Adolescents in Pokhara City in Nepal.

J Nepal Health Res Counc 2019 Jan 28;16(41):419-424. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

NAMS, Bir Hospital Nursing Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: Adolescents are highly vulnerable to psychiatric disorders, which often have serious negative consequences for their academic achievement and potential social life. The aim of the study is to estimate the prevalence of emotional and behavioral problems among adolescents.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was adopted to identify the emotional and behavioral problems among adolescents using cluster sampling technique. Read More

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January 2019
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Translation, validation and factor structure of the Tamil version of the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ-T).

Asian J Psychiatr 2019 Jan 30;40:62-67. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Dhanvantri Nagar, Puducherry - 605006.

Background: The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire was developed in English for the purpose of screening for bonding disorders among postpartum mothers. There was a felt need for a Tamil translation of the self-rated instrument.

Methods: The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire was translated into Tamil (PBQ-T). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2019.01.018DOI Listing
January 2019
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Lithium for the Maintenance Treatment of Bipolar I Disorder: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Discontinuation Study.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 26;58(2):287-296.e4. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD.

Objective: This study examined the role of lithium in the maintenance treatment of pediatric patients with bipolar I disorder (BP-I).

Method: Participants aged 7 to 17 years who presented with a manic or mixed episode received 24 weeks of lithium treatment in one of two multiphase studies, the Collaborative Lithium Trials (CoLT 1 and CoLT 2). Responders were randomized to continue lithium or to be cross-titrated to placebo for up to 28 weeks. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08908567183198
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.07.901DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Dysfunctional mesocortical dopamine circuit at pre-adolescence is associated to aggressive behavior in MAO-A hypomorphic mice exposed to early life stress.

Neuropharmacology 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Division of Neuroscience and Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Cagliari, 09042, Monserrato, Italy; National Institute of Neuroscience (INN), Italy. Electronic address:

Aggressive behavior (AB) is a multifaceted disorder based on the interaction between genetic and environmental factors whose underlying mechanisms remain elusive. The best-characterized gene by environment (GxE) interaction for AB is the relationship between child neglect/abuse and low-activity alleles of the monoamine-oxidase A (MAOA) gene. MAOA oxidizes monoamines like serotonin and dopamine, whose aberrant signaling at discrete developmental ages plays a pivotal role in the ontogeny of AB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropharm.2019.01.032DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Equilibrium Modeling of the Mechanics and Structure of the Cancer Glycocalyx.

Biophys J 2019 Feb 15;116(4):694-708. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Robert Frederick Smith School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. Electronic address:

The glycocalyx is a thick coat of proteins and carbohydrates on the outer surface of all eukaryotic cells. Overproduction of large, flexible or rod-like biopolymers, including hyaluronic acid and mucins, in the glycocalyx strongly correlates with the aggression of many cancer types. However, theoretical frameworks to predict the effects of these changes on cancer cell adhesion and other biophysical processes remain limited. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00063495193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2018.12.023DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

IDO, COX and iNOS have an important role in the proliferation of Neospora caninum in neuron/glia co-cultures.

Vet Parasitol 2019 Feb 22;266:96-102. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Laboratório de Neuroquímica e Biologia Celular, Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal da Bahia - UFBA, Av. Reitor Miguel Calmon s/n, Vale do Canela, CEP 41100-100, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil; INCT de Neurociência Translacional (INNT)- CNPq, Brazil. Electronic address:

Central nervous system (CNS) is the main site for encystment of Neospora caninum in different animal species. In this tissue, glial cells (astrocytes and microglia) modulate responses to aggression in order to preserve homeostasis and neuronal function. Previous data showed that when primary cultures of glial cells are infected with N. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2019.01.003DOI Listing
February 2019
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Application of Diagnostic Interview for Internet Addiction (DIA) in Clinical Practice for Korean Adolescents.

J Clin Med 2019 Feb 6;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Psychiatry, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul 07061, Korea.

The increased prevalence of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and the inclusion of IGD in DSM-5 and ICD-11 emphasizes the importance of measuring and describing the IGD symptoms. We examined the psychometric properties of the Diagnostic Interview for Internet Addiction (DIA), a semi-structured diagnostic interview tool for IGD, and verified the application of DIA in clinical practice for Korean adolescents. The DIA is conducted in a manner that interviews both adolescents and their caregivers, and each item has a standardized representative question and various examples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020202DOI Listing
February 2019
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Family Functioning, Emotional Intelligence, and Values: Analysis of the Relationship with Aggressive Behavior in Adolescents.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 6;16(3). Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Psychology, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain.

Aggressive behavior in adolescence is influenced by a diversity of individual, family, and social variables. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between family functioning, emotional intelligence, and personal values for development with different types of aggression, as well as to establish profiles with these variables according to the aggression. The study was carried out with a sample of 317 high school students aged 13 to 18 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030478DOI Listing
February 2019
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Effect of testosterone blockers on male aggression, song and parental care in an arctic passerine, the Lapland longspur (Calcarius lapponicus).

Horm Behav 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Neurobiology, Physiology & Behavior, University of California, One Shields Ave., Davis, CA 95616, USA. Electronic address:

In many passerine birds, testosterone stimulates song and aggression but inhibits paternal care, but few studies have explored whether such effects can be reversed with testosterone blockers. We explored the effect of testosterone blockers on song, aggression and paternal care of Lapland longspurs (Calcarius lapponicus), an arctic passerine with a short breeding season. Twenty-one "blocker males" received implants containing an androgen receptor blocker and an aromatase inhibitor, compared to 27 control males with empty or no implants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yhbeh.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019
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Reenacting Past Abuse - Identification with the Aggressor and Sexual Revictimization.

J Trauma Dissociation 2019 Feb 8:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

a Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences , Stanford University School of Medicine , California , USA.

Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) poses a risk for sexual revictimization. Additionally, according to theory CSA may lead to identification with the aggressor, expressed by adopting the perpetrator's experience concerning the abuse; identifying with the perpetrator's aggression; replacing one's agency with that of the perpetrator; and becoming hyper-sensitive to the perpetrator. Although clinical impressions suggest that identification with the aggressor underlies reenactment of trauma, this linkage between identification with the aggressor and sexual revictimization remains largely uninvestigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15299732.2019.1572046DOI Listing
February 2019
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Passive smoking is associated with cognitive and emotional impairment in adolescent girls.

J Gen Psychol 2019 Feb 7:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

a Mashhad University of Medical Sciences.

It is well established that smoking is associated with impaired mental health and sleep problems. However, the possible effects of passive smoking on cognitive and emotional characteristics have not previously been evaluated in adolescents. We investigated the association between passive smoking and cognitive and emotional function, and sleep patterns in 940 adolescent girls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00221309.2018.1535485DOI Listing
February 2019
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Risk predictions of physical aggression in acute psychiatric wards: Findings of a prospective study.

Nurs Health Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing, Istanbul University Cerrahpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey.

This study was conducted using prospective methods to analyze predictions of the risk of physical aggression from patients with a mental illness and the variables used in these predictions. A total of 252 individuals participated in the study, all of whom were inpatients in acute psychiatric wards. Data were collected using a questionnaire consisting of two questions designed to determine the nature of predictions of the risk of physical aggression from mental health patients at admission and the variables used to make these predictions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nhs.12599DOI Listing
February 2019
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Emotional Reactivity and Antisocial Behavior Relative to Posttraumatic Stress Symptom Expression: a Latent Profile Analysis.

J Abnorm Child Psychol 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, W112 Lagomarcino Hall, 901 Stange Rd., Ames, IA, 50011, USA.

This study examined whether emotional reactivity was associated with violent juvenile offending in a sample of detained boys (N = 198). It was predicted that Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) would reveal a "low reactivity" group, characterized by symptoms of emotional numbing and callous-unemotional (CU) traits, and a "high reactivity" group, characterized by symptoms of hyperarousal and emotional dysregulation. It was hypothesized that the low reactivity group would have higher rates of violent offending and proactive aggression than the high reactivity group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-019-00514-9DOI Listing
February 2019
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Risk-Taking Behaviors in Iranian Children and Adolescents: A Latent Class Analysis Approach: Caspian IV Study.

J Res Health Sci 2018 Sep 23;18(4):e00428. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non-communicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Risk taking behaviors have several negative consequences. This study aimed to identify the subgroups of students based on risk-taking behaviors and to assess the role of demographic characteristics, depression, anxiety, socioeconomic status (SES), physical inactivity and screen time on membership of specific subgroup.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Read More

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September 2018
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