55,031 results match your criteria Aggression


Quercetin mediated attenuation of cadmium-induced oxidative toxicity and apoptosis of spermatogenic cells in caprine testes in vitro.

Environ Mol Mutagen 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India.

Cadmium (Cd), anenvironmental toxic heavy metal, has been reported to cause testicular toxicity, which contributes to the recent decline in male fertility worldwide. Quercetin (Qcn), a major dietary antioxidant, has been shown to have protective effects under various pathological conditions. However, whether Qcn provides protection against Cd-stimulated testicular toxicity remains obscured. Read More

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[Efficacy of combination of needle extract, hesperidin and vitamin C in treatment of chronic venous diseases].

Angiol Sosud Khir 2021 ;27(2):82-91

Laboratory of Physiology of Visceral Systems named after K.M. Bykov, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Background: In Russia, physicians are virtually unaware of drugs based on needle extract. However, abroad, saponins and, in particular, a combined preparation containing needle extract, hesperidin and vitamin C is one of drugs of choice, if not the leading medication in treatment of venous oedemas and other venous symptoms.

Aim: The authors conducted a systematic review of the Russian-and English-language literature using the following search terms: saponins, hesperidin, needle, ruscus, ruscogenin (and their Russian equivalents), each of which was entered in a combination with the word 'venous' or its Russian equivalent, respectively. Read More

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January 2021

Promoting parenting in home visiting: A CACE analysis of Family Foundations.

J Fam Psychol 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University.

This randomized trial tested the impact of an established prevention program for first-time parents, Family Foundations, adapted for low-income mothers and fathers as a series of sessions provided to couples in their homes. To assess program impact, we recruited and randomly assigned a sample of 150 low-income adult mother-father dyads (not necessarily still romantically involved, cohabiting, or married) during pregnancy or shortly after birth. The randomly assigned intervention families participated in Family Foundations Home Visiting (FFHV), consisting of 11 in-home sessions focusing on parental cooperation, collaboration, and conflict management to support children's development. Read More

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Examining the joint development of antisocial behavior and personality: Predictors and trajectories of adolescent indirect aggression and machiavellianism.

Dev Psychol 2021 May;57(5):805-813

Counselling Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Ottawa.

Indirect aggression has been associated with antisocial personality traits like Machiavellianism, but there is a lack of evidence on their longitudinal development across adolescence. Therefore, the joint developmental trajectories of adolescent indirect aggression and Machiavellianism across 3 years of high school (Grades 10 to 12) were investigated. Predictors of joint trajectory groups at the start of high school (Grade 9) were also explored. Read More

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A longitudinal investigation of the happy victimizer tendency in childhood: A matter of control or care?

Dev Psychol 2021 May;57(5):689-701

Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga.

This study examined the course and correlates of the happy victimizer tendency-the expectation that harming others to achieve a goal will result in positive emotional outcomes for the transgressor-from 4 to 6 years of age in a community sample of Canadian children ( = 150; 50% female; Time 1 = 4.53 years, = .30; 33% European background). Read More

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Assessing the responses of smokers to requests to stop smoking on hospital grounds.

Authors:
Luke Giles

Health Promot J Austr 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Samantha Batchelor - BAppSc (Occupational Therapy), Grad Cert (Pub Health Research and Evaluation), MPH, Central Coast Local Health District, Health Promotion Service, Gosford, NSW, 2250, Australia.

Issue Addressed: Fear of aggression is often cited as an issue for health service staff in approaching smokers who are breaching smoke-free policies. This study collected data to quantify the interactions between Health Promotion Service staff and smokers. The aim was to trial de-escalation based protocols for Authorised Inspectors and one for general staff with regards to the aggression risk to staff when approaching smokers within hospital grounds. Read More

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Dysplasia in oral lichen planus: relevance, controversies and challenges. A position paper.

Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Oral Medicine Department, School of Dentistry, University of Granada Granada, Paseo de Cartuja s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain

Background: Patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) have an increased risk of oral cancer. For this reason, OLP is classified as an oral potentially malignant disorder. However, the precise personal (or individual) risk is unknown. Read More

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Evidence for association of vasopressin receptor 1A promoter region repeat with childhood onset aggression.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 May 27;140:522-528. Epub 2021 May 27.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Medical Science & Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Childhood onset aggression can cause major suffering to affected families and is associated with many negative outcomes in the child's later life, including poor academic performance, adolescent delinquency, drug abuse, depression and antisocial personality disorder. Currently available prevention and intervention strategies have limited efficacy, but a better understanding of underlying genetic and neurobiological factors can lead to more effective prevention and treatment strategies, through genetic screening programs and novel therapies.

Method: This study examined the RS1 (n = 299 aggression, n = 192 controls) and RS3 (n = 291 aggression, n = 189 controls) microsatellite repeats within the promoter region of the vasopressin receptor 1A gene (AVPR1A) and their association with extreme childhood aggression, as assessed by the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), as well as the Teacher Report Form (TRF) and Youth Self Report (YSR). Read More

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Functional Connectivity in Antipsychotic-Treated and Antipsychotic-Naive Patients With First-Episode Psychosis and Low Risk of Self-harm or Aggression: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Psychiatry 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, Monash University School of Psychological Sciences, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Importance: Altered functional connectivity (FC) is a common finding in resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) studies of people with psychosis, yet how FC disturbances evolve in the early stages of illness, and how antipsychotic treatment influences these disturbances, remains unknown.

Objective: To investigate longitudinal FC changes in antipsychotic-naive and antipsychotic-treated patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP).

Design, Setting, And Participants: This secondary analysis of a triple-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted over a 5-year recruitment period between April 2008 and December 2016 with 59 antipsychotic-naive patients with FEP receiving either a second-generation antipsychotic or a placebo pill over a treatment period of 6 months. Read More

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An Experimental Study of a Peer-Facilitated Violence Prevention Program for Women in Prison.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 22:8862605211022063. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

University of California at Los Angeles, CA, USA.

The literature has shown a strong correlation between victimization and violence. As the majority of treatment programs for violence and the associated research have been focused on men, it is vital that services are also oriented to the needs of women who perpetrate violence. () was developed to fill the gap in violence prevention programming for justice-involved women with histories of violence victimization and perpetration. Read More

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Dominance rank, female choice, and reproductive success in semi-free ranging adult male Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata).

Am J Primatol 2021 Jun 22:e23294. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA.

The assumed evolutionary advantage of dominance is increased reproductive success. However, the efficacy of dominance as a mating strategy may be interrupted by any number of variables including female choice, estrous synchrony, and mating by non-troop males. In Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata), there is evidence both for and against dominance as conferring reproductive success for adult males, with many discussions pointing to the importance of female choice in governing reproductive success in certain populations. Read More

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Size does matter: An exploration of the relationship between licensed venue capacity and on-premise assaults.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia.

Aims: Venue capacity has been proposed as a factor associated with a greater number of violent incidents on-premises, though no specific research has demonstrated this association, and instead has tended to focus on the relationship between crowding and aggression. The aim of this report is to investigate the association between venue capacity and the number of violent incidents on-premises.

Methods: Venue capacity data (the maximum capacity listed on the liquor license) were obtained for all venues in central Melbourne from 2010 until 2016. Read More

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The Impact of Childhood Bullying Trajectories on Young Adulthood Antisocial Trajectories.

J Youth Adolesc 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Counselling Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, K1N 6N5, Canada.

Long-term outcomes of childhood bullying perpetration have been explored, but heterogeneity in outcomes reflecting nonclinical antisocial tendencies including indirect aggression, psychopathic personality, and interpersonal relations have not been examined from a person-centered approach. Accordingly, latent class growth analyses were used to examine trajectory groups of childhood bullying perpetration across ages 10 to 18 and multi-trajectory groups of young adulthood outcomes across ages 19 to 23 (indirect aggression, psychopathic personality, interpersonal relations). In a sample of 701 participants (52. Read More

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Paternal exposure to excessive methionine altered behavior and neurochemical activities in zebrafish offspring.

Amino Acids 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina e Ciências da Saúde, Escola de Medicina, Pontifícia Universidade Católica Do Rio Grande Do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

An increase in plasma L-methionine (Met) levels, even if transitory, can cause important toxicological alterations in the affected individuals. Met is essential in the regulation of epigenetic mechanisms and its influence on the subsequent generation has been investigated. However, few studies have explored the influence of a temporary increase in Met levels in parents on their offspring. Read More

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Analysis of the interaction between personality dysfunction and traits in the statistical prediction of physical aggression: Results from outpatient and community samples.

Personal Ment Health 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Département de psychologie, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada.

The Alternative Model for Personality Disorders (AMPD), included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) and the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (11th ed.; ICD-11) are, respectively, hybrid categorical-dimensional and dimensional frameworks for personality disorders (PDs). Read More

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Female Narcissism: Assessment, Aetiology, and Behavioural Manifestations.

Psychol Rep 2021 Jun 22:332941211027322. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Nottingham Trent University, Centre for Academic Development and Quality, Nottingham, UK.

Despite putative gender differences in the expression of narcissism, prominent theories have virtually dismissed the role of females in the development and manifestation of narcissism. The contention that narcissism is a pathology of the self that may partly differ in males and females is further evident in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). The DSM-5 reports that up to 75% of those diagnosed with Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) are men. Read More

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Nuclear androgen and progestin receptors inversely affect aggression and social dominance in male zebrafish (Danio rerio).

Horm Behav 2021 Jun 18;134:105012. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Biology, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27285, USA. Electronic address:

Aggression is a fundamental behavior displayed universally among animal species, but hyper- or hypo-aggressiveness can be maladaptive with negative consequences for individuals and group members. While the social and ecological significance of aggression is well understood, the specific neurobiological and hormonal mechanisms responsible for mediating aggression have not been fully elucidated. Previous studies have shown a relationship between aggressive acts and circulating gonadal steroids, but whether classical nuclear steroid receptors regulate aggression in animals is still uncertain. Read More

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Cyber-dating abuse in young adult couples: Relations with sexist attitudes and violence justification, smartphone usage and impulsivity.

PLoS One 2021 21;16(6):e0253180. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Jaen, Jaen, Spain.

Technologies have become important for interaction in couples. However, in some cases, controlling and aggressive behaviors can occur in the context of virtual interactions in couples; this is known as cyber-dating abuse (CDA). Identifying factors linked to CDA, as perpetrator and victim, are relevant for its prevention; therefore, more research is needed in this novel field of study. Read More

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Experiences of nurses amidst giving care to COVID-19 patients in clinical settings in Iraqi Kurdistan: A qualitative descriptive study.

J Clin Nurs 2021 Jun 20. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

School of Health Sciences, Western Sydney University, Penrith, New South Wales, Australia.

Aim And Objective: We explored the experiences of nurses who cared for coronavirus disease 2019 patients in Iraqi Kurdistan.

Background: Nurses play a major role in response to pandemics and epidemics in delivering patient care. The experiences of nurses who provided care have significant short and long-term consequences for individuals, communities, and the nursing profession. Read More

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The gene as a modulator of division of labour in social insects.

J Neurogenet 2021 Jun 20:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.

The social ants, bees, wasps, and termites include some of the most ecologically-successful groups of animal species. Their dominance in most terrestrial environments is attributed to their social lifestyle, which enable their colonies to exploit environmental resources with remarkable efficiency. One key attribute of social insect colonies is the division of labour that emerges among the sterile workers, which represent the majority of colony members. Read More

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Using virtual reality to treat aggressive behavior problems in children: A feasibility study.

Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 2021 Jun 20:13591045211026160. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Developmental Psychology, 8125Utrecht University, The Netherlands.

Evidence-based cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) for children with aggressive behavior problems have only modest effects. Research is needed into new methods to enhance CBT effectiveness. The aims of the present study were to (1) examine whether interactive virtual reality is a feasible treatment method for children with aggressive behavior problems; (2) investigate children's appreciation of the method; and (3) explore whether children's aggression decreased during the ten-session treatment. Read More

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Aggression and Psychological Distress in Male and Female Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Users: A Multigroup Latent Class Analysis.

Front Psychiatry 2021 4;12:629428. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

The relationship between anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use and aggression and psychological distress requires further elucidation. No previous study has examined whether the latent patterns of aggression and psychological distress are the same in male and female AAS users. Multigroup latent class analysis (MLCA) can be used to classify individuals into groups based on their responses on a set of variables, and to investigate measurement invariance across subgroups. Read More

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Yoga as Complementary Care for Young People Placed in Juvenile Institutions-A Study Plan.

Authors:
Nóra Kerekes

Front Psychiatry 2021 4;12:575147. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Health Sciences, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.

Recent studies have established yoga practice as a mainstream complementary clinical tool within correctional environments. It is shown that regular yoga practice is coupled with improved impulse control, sustained attention, attenuated antisocial and self-harm behaviors, reduced stress, and psychological distress. No academic research until now has provided evidence of mental health benefits of yoga for institutionalized young people. Read More

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Sonographic risk factors of aggressive behaviors in medullary thyroid carcinomas.

Asian J Surg 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Radiology, Yongin Severance Hospital, Center for Clinical Imaging Data Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 363, Dongbaekjukjeon-daero, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: To identify the clinical and sonographic risk factors for aggressive behavior of Medullary Thyroid Carcinomas (MTCs).

Material And Methods: This is a retrospective analysis. The informed consents were waived. Read More

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Standing up against workplace bullying behavior: Recommendations from newly licensed nurses.

J Nurs Educ Pract 2020 ;10(7):35

College of Nursing, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, USA.

Objective: Workplace bullying exists in today's healthcare system and often targets newly licensed nurses. Experiences of workplace bullying behavior may negatively affect the nurses' physical and psychological health and impact job satisfaction and staff turnover rates at an organizational level. The purpose of this study was to explore strategies suggested by newly licensed nurses to prevent and intervene during incidents of workplace bullying behavior. Read More

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January 2020

Longitudinal predictions of young adults' weapons use and criminal behavior from their childhood exposure to violence.

Aggress Behav 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Research Center for Group Dynamics, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

In this study, we examine whether youth who are exposed to more weapons violence are subsequently more likely to behave violently with weapons. We use data collected with a 3-cohort, 4-wave, 10-year longitudinal study of 426 high-risk youth from Flint, Michigan, who were second, fourth, or ninth-graders in 2006-2007. The data were obtained from individual interviews with the youth, their parents, and their teachers, from archival school and criminal justice records, and from geo-coded criminal offense data. Read More

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Computerized Interpretation Bias Training for Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder: A Fast-Fail Study.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

National Institute of Mental Health, and National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Objective: Probing targeted, mechanism-based interventions is the next generation of treatment innovation. Biased threat labeling of ambiguous face emotions (interpretation bias) is a potential behavioral treatment target for anger, aggression, and irritability. Changing biases in face-emotion labeling may improve irritability-related outcomes. Read More

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Toddlers' expectations of corporal third-party punishments against the non-defender puppet.

J Exp Child Psychol 2021 Jun 16;210:105199. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Trento, 36068, Rovereto, Italy. Electronic address:

Recent research has demonstrated that toddlers expect individuals to approach and reward those who defend a victim from an aggressor rather than those who refuse to do so. This work focused on toddlers' expectations of corporal third-party punishments trought various actions, such as hitting with a stick or repelling someone who refused to defend a social partner following aggression. Using a violation of expectation paradigm (VoE), three experiments were carried out to investigate whether 21-month-olds expect others to apply different kinds of corporal punishments against the non-defender puppet (expected event) rather than the defender puppet (unexpected event), showing a bystander hitting with a stick (Experiment 1) or pushing strongly (Experiment 3) each of the two puppets. Read More

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An antisocial alchemy: Psychopathic traits as a moderator of the different forms and functions of aggression in delinquency and conduct disorder among youth.

Int J Law Psychiatry 2021 Jun 16;77:101717. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

William James Centre for Research, ISPA-Instituto Universitário, 1149-041 Lisboa, Portugal. Electronic address:

The aim of the present study is to examine the possible role of psychopathic traits as a moderator of the aggression-antisociality/delinquency link. Our sample was composed of 567 youth (M = 15.91 years, SD = 0. Read More

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