5,154 results match your criteria Age and ageing[Journal]


Short-stay unit hospitalisation vs. standard care outcomes in older internal medicine patients-a randomised clinical trial.

Age Ageing 2018 Jun 13. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Holbaek Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Holbaek, Denmark.

Background: the effect of hospitalisation in emergency department-based short-stay units (SSUs) has not been studied in older patients. We compared SSU hospitalisation with standard care at an Internal Medicine Department (IMD) in acutely admitted older internal medicine patients.

Methods: pragmatic randomised clinical trial. Read More

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Is frailty a stable predictor of mortality across time? Evidence from the Cognitive Function and Ageing Studies.

Age Ageing 2018 Jun 6. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University Institute for Ageing, Newcastle University, Newcastle NE4 5PL, UK.

Background: age-specific mortality reduction has been accompanied by a decrease in the prevalence of some diseases and an increase in others. Whether populations are becoming 'healthier' depends on which aspect of health is being considered. Frailty has been proposed as an integrative measure to quantify health status. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Temporal trends in impairments of physical function among older adults during 2001-16 in Sweden: towards a healthier ageing.

Age Ageing 2018 Jun 8. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Aging Research Center, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: a trend towards decline in disability has been reported in older adults, but less is known about corresponding temporal trends in measured physical functions.

Objective: to verify these trends during 2001-16 in an older Swedish population.

Methods: functional status was assessed at three occasions: 2001-04 (n = 2,266), 2007-10 (n = 2,033) and 2013-16 (n = 1,476), using objectively measured balance, chair stands and walking speed. Read More

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Computerised interventions designed to reduce potentially inappropriate prescribing in hospitalised older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Age Ageing 2018 Jun 8. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Pharmaceutical Care Research Group, School of Pharmacy, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

Background: computerised interventions have been suggested as an effective strategy to reduce potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) for hospitalised older adults. This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the evidence for efficacy of computerised interventions designed to reduce PIP in this patient group.

Methods: an electronic literature search was conducted using eight databases up to October 2017. Read More

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Particulate wear debris osteolysis, acute urinary retention and delirium as late complications of hip arthroplasty.

Age Ageing 2018 Jun 8. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Ageing and Complex Medicine Directorate, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Salford Hospital, Manchester, UK.

Intrapelvic mass formation as a result of particulate wear debris induced osteolysis is a recognised late complication of cementless total hip arthroplasty. Clinical presentation typically involves hip and/or leg pain resulting in functional impairment, and obstructive urinary symptoms developing 3-20 years after surgery. An acute confusional state has never been described in this scenario. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Quality of primary palliative care for older people with mild and severe dementia: an international mortality follow-back study using quality indicators.

Age Ageing 2018 Jun 8. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

End-of-Life Care Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) & Ghent University, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: measuring the quality of primary palliative care for older people with dementia in different countries is important to identify areas where improvements can be made.

Objective: using quality indicators (QIs), we systematically investigated the overall quality of primary palliative care for older people with dementia in three different countries.

Design/setting: a mortality follow-back survey through nation- and region-wide representative Sentinel Networks of General Practitioners (GPs) in Belgium, Italy and Spain. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Temporal associations between sexual function and cognitive function in community-dwelling older men: the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project.

Age Ageing 2018 Jun 8. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

ANZAC Research Institute, University of Sydney and Concord Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: previous cross-sectional studies have reported bidirectional associations between sexual activity and cognitive function among older people. However, the temporal associations have not been studied.

Methods: community-dwelling men aged 70+ from the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project were assessed. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Centenarians breaking records: nature or nurture?

Age Ageing 2018 May 30. Epub 2018 May 30.

Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

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Cardiovascular risk factors and frailty in a cross-sectional study of older people: implications for prevention.

Age Ageing 2018 May 22. Epub 2018 May 22.

Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK.

Objective: to examine the associations of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cardiovascular risk factors with frailty.

Design: a cross-sectional study.

Setting: the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). Read More

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Safe working in a 7-day service. Experience of hip fracture care as documented by the UK National Hip Fracture Database.

Age Ageing 2018 May 22. Epub 2018 May 22.

Department of Health Services Research & Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK.

Objective: to describe differences in care and 30-day mortality of patients admitted with hip fracture on weekends (Saturday-Sunday) compared to weekdays (Monday-Friday), and their relationship to the organisation of care.

Methods: data came from the National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD) linked to ONS mortality data on 52,599 patients presenting to 162 units in England between 1 January and 31 December 2014. This was combined with information on geriatrician staffing and major trauma centre (MTC) status. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Perspectives on hypertension treatment in older persons.

Age Ageing 2018 May 21. Epub 2018 May 21.

Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, WinstonSalem, NC 27157, USA.

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Hypertension treatment for older people-navigating between Scylla and Charybdis.

Age Ageing 2018 May 21. Epub 2018 May 21.

Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Hypertension is a common condition in older people, but is often one of many conditions, particularly in frail older people, and so is rarely managed in isolation in the real world-which belies the bulk of the evidence upon which is treatment decisions are often based. In this article, we discuss the issues of ageing, including frailty and dementia, and their impact upon blood pressure management. We examine the evidence base for managing hypertension in older people, and explore some therapeutic ideas that might influence treatment decisions and strategies, including shared decision making. Read More

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Do older and younger patients derive similar survival benefits from novel oncology drugs? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Age Ageing 2018 May 19. Epub 2018 May 19.

Department of Medical Oncology, Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, M4N 3M5, Ontario, Canada.

Background: older patients are commonly believed to derive less benefit from cancer drugs, even if they fulfil clinical trial eligibility [Talarico et al. (2004, J Clin Oncol, 22(22):4626-31)]. We aim to examine if novel oncology drugs provide differential age-based treatment outcomes for patients on clinical trials. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Tracking changes in frailty throughout later life: results from a 17-year longitudinal study in the Netherlands.

Age Ageing 2018 May 19. Epub 2018 May 19.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Amsterdam Public Health research institute, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: to better understand the development of frailty with ageing requires longitudinal studies over an extended time period.

Objective: to investigate changes in the degree of frailty during later life, and the extent to which changes are determined by socio-demographic characteristics.

Methods: six measurement waves of 1,659 Dutch older adults aged 65 years and over in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA) yielded 5,211 observations over 17 years. Read More

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A case of undiagnosed pseudohyperkalaemia following a splenectomy.

Authors:
Marco Grech

Age Ageing 2018 May 11. Epub 2018 May 11.

St. Vincent de Paul Residence, Triq l-Ingiered, Luqa LQA 3000, Malta.

Pseudohyperkalaemia is defined as a rise in serum potassium with concomitantly normal plasma potassium. The case of long undiagnosed pseudohyperkalaemia in an 84-year-old lady with thrombocytosis post splenectomy is presented. Presenting a historical perspective and the multifactorial aetiology of pseudohyperkalaemia the author underlines the importance of detecting apparent hyperkalaemia by testing the plasma potassium. Read More

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Effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention to reduce night-time sedative use in a rehabilitation unit: a pre-post intervention study.

Age Ageing 2018 May 11. Epub 2018 May 11.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Galway University Hospitals, Galway, Ireland.

Background: night-time sedation prescribed during a hospital stay can result in long-term use of such medications in older people. We examined the effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention to reduce night time sedation in an inpatient rehabilitation unit.

Methods: an initial retrospective survey of night-time sedative use was followed by prospective re-evaluation after a number of changes were made including education of staff and of patients regarding the potential hazards of sedative medications, measures to promote sleep hygiene and facilitate a 'quiet time' after 10 pm and development of a withdrawal protocol for patients on long-term night sedation. Read More

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An older woman with herpes zoster ophthalmicus complicated by orbital apex syndrome.

Age Ageing 2018 May 8. Epub 2018 May 8.

Department of Radiology, Geneva University Hospitals, Thonex, Switzerland.

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Lower blood pressure during antihypertensive treatment is associated with higher all-cause mortality and accelerated cognitive decline in the oldest-old-data from the Leiden 85-plus Study.

Age Ageing 2018 May 8. Epub 2018 May 8.

Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Background: the appropriateness of lowering systolic blood pressure remains controversial in the oldest-old. We tested whether systolic blood pressure is associated with all-cause mortality and change in cognitive function for patients prescribed antihypertensive treatment and those without treatment.

Methods: we studied participants in the population-based Leiden 85-plus cohort study. Read More

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How do self and proxy dependency evaluations agree? Results from a large cohort of older women.

Age Ageing 2018 May 4. Epub 2018 May 4.

MGEN Foundation for Public Health, 3 square Max-Hymans, 75748 Paris Cedex 15, France.

Background: epidemiological studies based on questionnaires can face difficulties when collecting data on functional ability of older people, and may thus use a proxy to obtain or confirm data. It is therefore of importance to compare data from older people and from their proxies, to establish to what extent proxies' answers can be used as a substitute or a complement in epidemiological studies on dependency.

Objective: we evaluated agreement in dependency assessment, and identified factors associated with discrepancy between older people and proxy reports, in a large postal epidemiological survey. Read More

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May 2018
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Drinking in later life: a systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative studies exploring older people's perceptions and experiences.

Age Ageing 2018 May 4. Epub 2018 May 4.

Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University The Baddiley-Clark Building, Richardson Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4AX, UK.

Background: alcohol presents risks to the health of older adults at levels that may have been 'safer' earlier in life. Moderate drinking is associated with some health benefits, and can play a positive role in older people's social lives. To support healthy ageing, we must understand older people's views with regards to their drinking. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Bidirectional associations of vision and hearing loss with anxiety: prospective findings from the Three-City Study.

Age Ageing 2018 May 3. Epub 2018 May 3.

University of Bordeaux, INSERM, Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, team LEHA, UMR 1219, F-33000 Bordeaux, France.

Objective: the aim of this study was to examine the bidirectional association of vision loss (VL) and hearing loss (HL) with anxiety over a 12-year period.

Design: this was a prospective population-based study.

Setting: community-dwelling French adults. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Low grip strength predicts incident diabetes among mid-life women: the Michigan Study of Women's Health Across the Nation.

Age Ageing 2018 May 3. Epub 2018 May 3.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

Background: skeletal muscle is the primary site of glucose uptake, yet the impact of age-related changes in muscle strength on diabetes risk is unknown.

Methods: four hundred and twenty-four participants (60% Black, 40% White) from the Michigan site of the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation contributed annual grip strength measures and were followed from 1996 to 2012 to identify incident cases of diabetes. Diabetes was defined as self-reported physician-diagnosed diabetes, use of anti-diabetic medications or measured fasting glucose ≥126 mg/dl or haemoglobin A1c > 6. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Accuracy of death certification of dementia in population-based samples of older people: analysis over time.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 28. Epub 2018 Apr 28.

MRC Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Background: death certification data are routinely collected in most developed countries. Coded causes of death are a readily accessible source and have the potential advantage of providing complete follow-up, but with limitations.

Objective: to investigate the reliability of using death certificates for surveillance of dementia, the time trend of recording dementia on death certificates and predictive factors of recording of dementia. Read More

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Two case reports of zoledronic acid-induced uveitis.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 28. Epub 2018 Apr 28.

James Cook University Hospital.

Zoledronic acid (zoledronate) is a bisphosphonate used predominantly as a second-line treatment for post-menopausal osteoporosis. Its administration is associated with an acute phase reaction. Here, we present two cases of anterior uveitis following initial administration of zoledronate. Read More

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Cardiorespiratory fitness and risk of dementia: a prospective population-based cohort study.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 28. Epub 2018 Apr 28.

Department of Neurology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, 70210 Kuopio, Finland.

Dementia is considered to be one of the major public health problems in light of the ageing population. Little is known about directly measured cardiorespiratory fitness as measured by maximal oxygen uptake and the risk of dementia. Our aim was to examine the relationship of cardiorespiratory fitness, as indicated by maximal oxygen uptake, with subsequent incidence of dementia. Read More

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New horizons in fall prevention.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 25. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Balance and Injury Research Centre, Neuroscience Research Australia, University of New South Wales, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia.

Falls pose a major threat to the well-being and quality of life of older people. Falls can result in fractures and other injuries, disability and fear and can trigger a decline in physical function and loss of autonomy. This article synthesises recent published findings on fall risk and mobility assessments and fall prevention interventions and considers how this field of research may evolve in the future. Read More

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Attention, arousal and other rapid bedside screening instruments for delirium in older patients: a systematic review of test accuracy studies.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 25. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Department of General Practice and Elderly Care Medicine, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Objective: delirium occurs frequently in frail patients but is easily missed. Screening with a rapid, easy-to-use and highly sensitive instrument might help improve recognition. The aim of this study was to review attention, arousal and other rapid bedside screening instruments for delirium in older patients. Read More

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Clinical correlation of blood culture results.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 25. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Leeds Medical School-Faculty of Medicine.

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Visual and hearing impairments are associated with cognitive decline in older people.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 25. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Division of Neuroscience and Experimental Psychology, School of Biological Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK.

Introduction: highly prevalagent hearing and vision sensory impairments among older people may contribute to the risk of cognitive decline and pathological impairments including dementia. This study aims to determine whether single and dual sensory impairment (hearing and/or vision) are independently associated with cognitive decline among older adults and to describe cognitive trajectories according to their impairment pattern.

Material And Methods: we used data from totals of 13,123, 11,417 and 21,265 respondents aged 50+ at baseline from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) and the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), respectively. Read More

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April 2018
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Reflecting on our perceptions of the worth, status and rewards of working in nursing homes.

Authors:
Desmond O'Neill

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 24. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Trinity College Dublin-Centre for Ageing, Neuroscience and the Humanities, Trinity Centre for Health Sciences, Tallaght Hospital, Dublin 24, Ireland.

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Drug consumption and futile medication prescribing in the last year of life: an observational study.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 23. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork, T12 DC4A, Ireland.

Background: the last year of life for many older people is associated with high symptom burden and frequent hospitalizations. Hospital physicians have an opportunity to prioritize essential medications and deprescribe potentially futile medications.

Objective: to measure medication consumption during hospitalization in the last year of life and the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) at hospital discharge. Read More

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Patterns of emergency ambulance use, 2009-13: a comparison of older people living in Residential Aged Care Facilities and the Community.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 24. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, 553 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia.

Objective: to examine demand for emergency ambulances by older people.

Design: retrospective cohort study using secondary analysis of routinely collected clinical and administrative data from Ambulance Victoria, and population data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Setting: Victoria, Australia. Read More

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Prognostic factors of functional outcome after hip fracture surgery: a systematic review.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Department of Population Health Sciences, School of Population Health & Environmental Sciences, Kings College London, London, UK.

Objective: this systematic review aimed to identify immutable and modifiable prognostic factors of functional outcomes and their proposed mechanism after hip fracture surgery.

Design: systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PEDRO, OpenGrey and ClinicalTrials.gov for observational studies of prognostic factors of functional outcome after hip fracture among surgically treated adults with mean age of 65 years and older. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Early life determinants of frailty in old age: the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: there is evidence suggesting that several chronic diseases have their origins in utero and that development taking place during sensitive periods may affect the aging process. We investigated whether early life determinants would be associated with frailty in old age.

Methods: at a mean age of 71 years, 1,078 participants belonging to the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study were assessed for frailty according to the Fried frailty criteria. Read More

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April 2018
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Exploration of older people's perceptions of behavioural factors associated with falls.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Charles Sturt University, School of Community Health, Albury, New South Wales 2640, Australia.

Background: falls rates in older people continue to rise despite concerted efforts to manage falls risks. As more effective strategies to reduce falls in older people may arise from better understanding their perspectives on falls risk, this study aimed to explore perceptions and behavioural decisions that may affect risk of falling among older people living in regional Australia.

Method: this qualitative research, informed by hermeneutics, explored older people's perspectives on decisions they made that could affect their falls risk. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

An examination of the heterogeneity in the pattern and association between rates of change in grip strength and global cognition in late life. A multivariate growth mixture modelling approach.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 5. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Centre for Dementia Prevention, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.

Background: previous research has demonstrated how older adults exhibit different patterns of change in cognitive and physical functioning, suggesting differences in the underlying causal processes.

Objective: to (i) identify subgroups of older adults that best account for different patterns of longitudinal change in performance on global cognition and grip strength, (ii) examine the interrelationship between global cognition and grip strength trajectories within these subgroups and (iii) identify demographic and health-related markers of class membership.

Methods: multivariate growth mixture models (GMM) were used to identify groups of individuals with similar developmental trajectories of muscle strength measured by grip strength, and global cognition measured by Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

A qualitative study of female caregiving spouses' experiences of intimate relationships as cognition declines in Parkinson's disease.

Age Ageing 2018 Apr 3. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

Division of Neuroscience and Experimental Psychology, School of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, Manchester, UK.

Background: the complex and progressive nature of Parkinson's disease (PD) and cognitive impairment may necessitate a care provider, a role which is frequently undertaken by a spouse. Providing and receiving care related to dementia impacts on a couple's partnership and may result in decreased intimacy and relationship satisfaction.

Objective: to explore the changes in long-term intimate relationships in Parkinson's-related dementia, as perceived by spouses providing care to their partners. Read More

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April 2018
3 Reads

New horizons in systemic anti-cancer therapy in older people.

Age Ageing 2018 May;47(3):340-348

Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford BD9 6RJ, UK.

Cancer is a disease associated with ageing. Increased life expectancy means that cancer in older adults is becoming an increasingly common problem. There are unique issues to consider when making decisions about cancer treatment in older populations. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

The scales of functional assessment of activities of daily living in geriatrics.

Authors:
Josep Devi

Age Ageing 2018 Mar 28. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

Department of Health and Clinical Psychology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès), Barcelona, Spain.

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March 2018
1 Read

Reducing falls in older adults recently discharged from hospital: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Age Ageing 2018 Mar 23. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Sciences, Faculty of Health Science, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia.

Background: older adults are known to have increased falls rates and functional decline following hospital discharge, with substantial economic healthcare costs. This systematic review aimed to synthesise the evidence for effective falls prevention interventions in older adults recently discharged from hospital.

Methods: literature searches of six databases of quantitative studies conducted from 1990 to June 2017, reporting falls outcomes of falls prevention interventions for community-dwelling older adults discharged from hospital were included. Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

Oral diseases as a cause of pain in older people.

Age Ageing 2018 Mar 23. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

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March 2018
1 Read

Yoga-based exercise improves health-related quality of life and mental well-being in older people: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials.

Age Ageing 2018 Mar 23. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia.

Objective: health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and mental well-being are associated with healthy ageing. Physical activity positively impacts both HRQOL and mental well-being. Yoga is a physical activity that can be modified to suits the needs of older people and is growing in popularity. Read More

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March 2018
3 Reads

Pain assessment in the older population: what the literature says.

Age Ageing 2018 May;47(3):324-327

Bromley Hospitals NHS Trust- Care of the Elderly Orpington, Kent, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Assessment of pain in the older adult presents a number of challenges, especially related to communication. This commentary summarises the revised evidence-based Guidelines on the Assessment of Pain in Older Adults which have been developed by the British Pain Society and British Geriatrics Society. The guideline summarises the pain assessment tools that have been developed and validated for use in the older population. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

The Assessment of Pain in Older People: UK National Guidelines.

Authors:
Pat Schofield

Age Ageing 2018 Mar;47(suppl_1):i1-i22

Positive Ageing Research Institute Anglia Ruskin University Chelmsford, Cambridge.

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March 2018
5 Reads

Longitudinal changes in physical function and physical activity in older adults.

Age Ageing 2018 Mar 13. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Background: physical function (PF) and physical activity (PA) both decline as adults age and have been linked to negative outcomes, including dementia, depression and cardiovascular diseases. Although declines in each are associated with numerous negative outcomes, the longitudinal relationship between these two measures is unclear.

Objective: to examine the dynamic, bidirectional associations between declines in PF and PA. Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

Hospitalisation and surgery: are there hidden cognitive consequences? Evidence from The Irish Longitudinal study on Ageing (TILDA).

Age Ageing 2018 May;47(3):408-415

The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland.

Background: the dramatic shift in the global population demographic has led to increasing numbers of older people undergoing hospitalisation and surgical procedures.

Objectives: to determine whether hospitalisation or hospitalisation with surgery under general anaesthesia is associated with poorer cognitive performance in adults over the age of 50.

Methods: cognitive function in the domains of global cognition, memory and executive function was assessed in 8,023 individuals at waves 1 and 2 of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), 2 years apart. Read More

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May 2018
5 Reads

Physical activity level as a predictor of healthy and chronic disease-free life expectancy between ages 50 and 75.

Age Ageing 2018 May;47(3):423-429

Department of Public Health, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku Finland.

Background: physical activity promotes healthy aging. However, little is known about the relationship between physical activity levels and healthy and chronic disease-free life expectancy (LE). The study aim was to examine healthy and chronic disease-free LE between ages 50 and 75 and across various levels of physical activity by sex and different occupational statuses. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads