2,385,707 results match your criteria Age Dordrecht Netherlands[Journal]


Variation in the Height of Rectal Cancers According to the Diagnostic Modalities.

Ann Coloproctol 2019 Feb 28;35(1):24-29. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Although the height of a rectal tumor above the anal verge (tumor height) partly determines the treatment strategy, no practical standard exists for reporting this. We aimed to demonstrate the differences in tumor height according to the diagnostic modality used for its measurement.

Methods: We identified 100 patients with rectal cancers located within 15 cm of the anal verge who had recorded tumor heights measured by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), colonoscopy, and digital rectal examination (DRE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3393/ac.2018.07.31DOI Listing
February 2019

Does the Different Locations of Colon Cancer Affect the Oncologic Outcome? A Propensity-Score Matched Analysis.

Ann Coloproctol 2019 Feb 28;35(1):15-23. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: We evaluate the prognostic value of primary tumor location for oncologic outcomes in patients with colon cancer (CC).

Methods: CC patients treated with curative surgery between 2009 and 2012 were classified into 2 groups: right-sided colon cancer (RCC) and left-sided colon cancer (LCC). Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were examined based on tumor stage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3393/ac.2018.07.25DOI Listing
February 2019

Thyroid Cancer Benefits the Prognosis of Ovarian Cancer: A SEER-Based Study.

Adv Ther 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of General Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, China.

Introduction: To explore the effect of a second thyroid cancer (TC) on ovarian cancer (OC) patient survival, we compared OC patients with or without a second primary TC using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database.

Methods: Data for OC only, female TC only and OC patients with a second TC (OC2TC) from two periods, 2000-2014 and 1980-1994, were extracted from the SEER database. Differences in clinicopathological and treatment characteristics were analysed using the chi-square test. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12325-019-00918-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12325-019-00918-5DOI Listing
March 2019
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Anaesthetic Factors Affecting Outcome After Bariatric Surgery, a Retrospective Levelled Regression Analysis.

Obes Surg 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of General Surgery, AZ Sint Jan Brugge-Oostende, B-8000, Brugge, Belgium.

Background: Deep neuromuscular block (NMB) and opioid-free anaesthesia (OFA) improve surgical workspace and reduce post-operative opioid consumption, but its impact on perioperative outcomes is unknown. This observational study compared complications and healthcare resource utilization after bariatric surgery, with or without continuous deep NMB or OFA.

Methods: We included all 9246 patients who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery at our institution from January 2009 to February 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-019-03763-1DOI Listing

Performance-based and questionnaire measures of executive function in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

J Behav Med 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 2525 West End Ave., Suite 1200, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.

The purpose of the current study was to examine executive function (EF) in adolescents with type 1 diabetes using both performance-based and questionnaire measures in relation to diabetes indicators. Adolescents age 13-17 completed performance-based measures of EF and measures of adherence. Adolescents' parents reported on adolescents' EF and adherence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10865-019-00027-2DOI Listing

ERCC6L2 rs591486 polymorphism and risk for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Greek population.

Neurol Sci 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Neurology, Medical School, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Background: Α number of genetic variants have been associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). A recent study supports that rs591486 across the ERCC6L2 gene and exposure to pesticides seem to have a joint effect on the development of Parkinson's disease, a disease which shares a few common characteristics with ALS.

Objective: To detect a possible contribution of rs591486 ERCC6L2 to ALS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-019-03825-3DOI Listing

Predictors of long-term survival after hip fractures?-5-year results of a prospective study in Germany.

Arch Osteoporos 2019 Mar 16;14(1):40. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Center for Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Giessen and Marburg GmbH, Baldingerstrasse, 35043, Marburg, Germany.

The incidence of hip fractures is increasing due to demographic transition. Data on long-term survival and influencing factors are sparse. Our prospective observational study with 395 patients shows a survival of 38% after 5 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11657-019-0586-1DOI Listing

Developmental Trajectories of Religious Service Attendance: Predictors of Nicotine Dependence and Alcohol Dependence/Abuse in Early Midlife.

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, 215 Lexington Avenue, 15th Floor, New York, NY, 10016, USA.

This longitudinal study assesses the associations between developmental trajectories of religious service attendance from mean age 14 to mean age 43 and nicotine dependence and alcohol dependence/abuse at mean age 43 (N = 548). Six trajectories of religious service attendance were identified. As compared with belonging to weekly stable trajectory group, a higher probability of belonging to the weekly/none decreasing, occasional stable, and non-attendance trajectory group was significantly associated with a higher likelihood of nicotine dependence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00787-wDOI Listing

Differences in clinicopatholgic characteristics and risk of mortality between the triple positive and ER+/PR+/HER2- breast cancer subtypes.

Cancer Causes Control 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Sutter Institute for Medical Research, 2801 Capitol Ave, Suite 400, Sacramento, CA, 95816, USA.

Purpose: This study compared the demographic and clinicopathologic characteristics and risk of mortality between the triple positive (TP) and ER+/PR+/HER2- breast cancer subtypes.

Methods: Cases of first primary female invasive TP and ER+/PR+/HER2- breast cancer were obtained from the California Cancer Registry. Logistic regression analysis was used to compare differences in factors associated with the TP versus the ER+/PR+/HER2- subtype. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10552-019-01152-8DOI Listing

Podocytic infolding glomerulopathy: two new cases with connective tissue disease and literature review.

Clin Rheumatol 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Division of Geriatric Infectious Disease, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, No.32 West Second Section First Ring Road, Chengdu, 610072, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

Podocytic infolding glomerulopathy (PIG) is a newly proposed disease entity, and only 29 cases have been reported worldwide so far, characterized by microspheres or microtubular structures or both associated with podocytic infolding into the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) on electron microscopy. We present two new cases of PIG with connective tissue disease (CTD), one with primary Sjögren's syndrome and the other with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and make a systemic review of the literature. In the entire 31 patients of PIG, 24 (77. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10067-019-04504-6DOI Listing

Receptor for advanced glycation end-products modulates lung development and lung sensitivity to hyperoxic injury in newborn mice.

Pflugers Arch 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Middle German Heart Center, University Hospital Halle (Saale), Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Ernst-Grube-Str. 40, 06120, Halle (Saale), Germany.

The receptor for advanced glycation end-products is mainly expressed in type I alveolar epithelial cells but its importance in lung development and response to neonatal hyperoxia is unclear. Therefore, our study aimed at the analysis of young wildtype and RAGE knockout mice which grew up under normoxic or hyperoxic air conditions for the first 14 days followed by a longer period of normoxic conditions. Lung histology, expression of lung-specific proteins, and respiratory mechanics were analyzed when the mice reached an age of 2 or 4 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00424-019-02267-2DOI Listing

Three-dimensional evaluation of maxillary sinus volume in different age and sex groups using CBCT.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

Aim: Sinus maxillaris is an important anatomical formation in many branches of dentistry due to its proximity to the field of work. Various methods have been used in literature to measure the maxillary sinus volume (MSV) such as cadavers, stereology, two-dimensional conventional radiographs, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The aim of this study is to evaluate the change of maxillary sinus volume according to age and gender with MIMICS 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05383-yDOI Listing

Surgical treatment of type II odontoid fractures in elderly patients: a comparison of anterior odontoid screw fixation and posterior atlantoaxial fusion using the Magerl-Gallie technique.

Eur Spine J 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Spine Surgery, Zentralklinik Bad Berka, Robert-Koch-Allee 9, 99437, Bad Berka, Germany.

Purpose: This single-centre retrospective study compared anterior odontoid screw fixation and posterior atlantoaxial fusion in the surgical treatment of type II B odontoid fractures according to Grauer in elderly patients.

Methods: Between 1994 and 2014, 133 consecutive patients above 60 years presenting with type II B odontoid fracture were treated surgically in our department. They were divided retrospectively into two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-019-05946-xDOI Listing

Prediction of brace effect in scoliotic patients: blinded evaluation of a novel brace simulator-an observational cross-sectional study.

Eur Spine J 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Anatoscope-Cap-Omega Rond-Point Benjamin Franklin, 34960, Montpellier, France.

Purpose: Bracing is the most commonly used treatment for scoliosis. But braces remain predominantly "handcrafted." Our objective was to create a novel brace simulator using a high-fidelity 3D "avatar" of the patient's trunk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-019-05948-9DOI Listing

The Potential Benefits of Certolizumab Pegol in Patients with Concurrent Psoriatic Arthritis and Chronic Plaque Psoriasis: A Case Series and Review of the Literature.

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

The Dermatology Centre, Salford Royal NHS Foundations Trust, The University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, UK.

Introduction: We review the literature evaluating certolizumab in psoriasis and report our experience of treatment outcomes in a joint dermatology and rheumatology clinic.

Methods: Patients with concomitant psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and psoriasis who had been commenced on certolizumab were included within our retrospective review. Data was collected for patient demographics, Patient Area and Severity Index (PASI), Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and previous treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13555-019-0290-5DOI Listing

Predictive factors for central lymph node and lateral cervical lymph node metastases in papillary thyroid carcinoma.

Clin Transl Oncol 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou First People'S Hospital, Changzhou, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Central lymph node metastasis (LNM) in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is common. But the association between primary tumor characteristics and specific features of metastatic lymph nodes in PTC has not been fully identified. Determining risk factors for LNM may help surgeons determine rational extent of lymph node dissection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12094-019-02076-0DOI Listing

Content-Specific Interpretation Bias in Children with Varying Levels of Anxiety: The Role of Gender and Age.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Psychology, Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Montessorilaan, 6525 HR, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

The current study examined whether children varying in their levels of social anxiety, separation anxiety and spider fear exhibit a negative interpretation bias specific for their fears. Furthermore, age and gender were assessed as moderators of this relation. Children (N = 603) of the age of 7-12 years were asked to solve ambiguous scenarios reflecting social threat, separation threat or spider threat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-019-00883-8DOI Listing

Age-dependent ingestion and inhalation doses due to intake of uranium and radon in water samples of Shiwalik Himalayas of Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Environ Monit Assess 2019 Mar 16;191(4):224. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Radiological Physics and Advisory Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, 400085, India.

The research work involved the ingestion and inhalation doses due to the intake of radon and uranium through water samples used by the inhabitants, measured in the villages of the Shiwalik Himalayas of Jammu and Kashmir, India. The uranium concentration in collected water samples was assessed by LED fluorimetric technique. All values of doses were found to be below the proposed limit of 100 μSv year for all age categories except for infants due to the high-dose conversion factor. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10661-019-7361-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-019-7361-zDOI Listing
March 2019
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Risk of cataract removal surgery in Mayak PA workers occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation over prolonged periods.

Radiat Environ Biophys 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Southern Urals Biophysics Institute (SUBI), Ozyorskoe Shosse 19, Ozyorsk, Chelyabinsk Region, 456780, Russia.

In this study, the risk of cataract removal surgery was assessed in a cohort of workers occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation over a prolonged period. The study cohort includes 22,377 workers of the Mayak Production Association (about 25% of whom are females) first employed at one of the main facilities in 1948-1982, who were followed up to the end of 2008. Dose estimates used in the study are provided by the Mayak Worker Dosimetry System 2008. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00411-019-00787-0DOI Listing

Musical dynamics in early triadic interactions: a case study.

Psychol Res 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Departamento Interfacultativo de Música, Facultad de Profesorado y Educación, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Research of the last 30 years showed the importance of music for psychological development. Communicative musicality studies described musical organisations in dyadic interactions (adult-baby). However, other perspectives proposed that, from the beginning of life, there are early triadic interactions (adult-object-baby) that should also be analysed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00426-019-01168-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01168-4DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Short rest between shifts (quick returns) and night work is associated with work-related accidents.

Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine whether less than 11 h between shifts (i.e., quick returns, QRs) and night shifts is associated with self-reported work-related accidents, near accidents or dozing off at work in a sample of nurses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01421-8DOI Listing

Comparison of equiosmolar dose of hyperosmolar agents in reducing intracranial pressure-a randomized control study in pediatric traumatic brain injury.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, 560029, India.

Introduction: There are no comparative studies available for hyperosmolar therapy in children. The present study is a prospective open label randomized control trial to compare the effect of equiosmolar doses of mannitol and hypertonic saline in reducing intracranial pressure in children who sustained severe traumatic brain injury.

Methods: This is a prospective open-label randomized controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-019-04121-3DOI Listing

Prospective comparison of whole-body MRI and Ga-PSMA PET/CT for the detection of biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Dusseldorf, Medical Faculty, 40225, Dusseldorf, Germany.

Purpose: To assess whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (wb-MRI) for detection of biochemical recurrence in comparison to Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography/computed tomography (Ga-PSMA PET/CT) in prostate cancer (Pca) patients after radical prostatectomy.

Methods: This was a prospective trial including 28 consecutive patients (mean age 65.3 ± 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00259-019-04308-5DOI Listing

Young age and high BMI are predictors of early revision surgery after primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a cohort study from the Swedish and Norwegian knee ligament registries based on 30,747 patients.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Health and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Purpose: To analyse patient-related risk factors for 2-year ACL revision after primary reconstruction. The hypothesis was that younger athletes would have a higher incidence of an early ACL revision.

Methods: This prospective cohort study was based on data from the Norwegian and Swedish National Knee Ligament Registries and included patients who underwent primary ACL reconstruction from 2004 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-019-05487-2DOI Listing

Cancer as a risk factor for urinary tract calculi: a retrospective cohort study using 'The Health Improvement Network' : Cancer and urinary tract calculi.

Urolithiasis 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Urology, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, B15 2TH, UK.

Purpose: Urolithiasis is a common condition that poses significant morbidity to patients. There are similarities in the development of certain cancers and urinary tract calculi (UTC), however, little is known about their temporal relationship. This study aims to identify if cancer is a risk factor for the development of UTC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00240-019-01127-zDOI Listing

Intramedullary screw fixation for simple displaced olecranon fractures.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Surgery, St Antonius Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Olecranon fractures are common and typically require surgical fixation due to displacement generated by the pull of the triceps muscle. The most common techniques for repairing olecranon fractures are tension-band wiring or plate fixation, but these methods are associated with high rates of implant-related soft-tissue irritation. Another treatment option is fixation with an intramedullary screw, but less is known about surgical results using this strategy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01114-4DOI Listing

Feasibility and Normal Ranges of Arterial Intima-Media Thickness and Stiffness in 2-Year-Old Children: A Pilot Study.

Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania, 17 Liverpool St, Hobart, TAS, 7000, Australia.

Introduction: In adults, noninvasive assessments of vascular function have been established. However, little is known about the applicability and reference values of these techniques among children < 6 years old and none ≤ 2. We aimed to determine the feasibility of conducting noninvasive vascular assessments in 2-year-old children and the normal range of results in this age group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-019-02088-1DOI Listing

Anatomical-positional relationship between the bone structure of the distal radius and flexor pollicis longus tendon using ultrasonography.

Surg Radiol Anat 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Orthopaedics, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 1-5-29 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0034, Japan.

Purpose: In this study, using an ultrasonography, we investigated the positional relationship between the volar bone cortex of distal radius and flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon in the distal radius of healthy subjects.

Methods: The subjects were 32 healthy volunteers (56 wrists) (Age 32.9 ± 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-019-02216-9DOI Listing

Testing threat-to-efficacy ratios in health communications about cardiovascular disease among an older population.

Health Promot Int 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

School of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

To test threat-to-efficacy ratios within health communications about cardiovascular disease (CVD) for older individuals. Participants were randomly assigned to one of six messages: (i) 'standard' message with 1/1 threat-to-efficacy ratio, (ii) 'low efficacy' message with 1/0 threat-to-efficacy ratio, (iii) 'low threat' message with 0/1 threat-to-efficacy ratio, (iv) 'high efficacy' message with 1/2 threat-to-efficacy ratio; (v) 'high threat' message with 2/1 threat-to-efficacy ratio and (vi) 'overload' message with 2/2 threat-to-efficacy ratio. Participants had to be of 60 years of age or older (N = 242, Male = 92, Age: M = 68. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daz019DOI Listing

Contribution of 'clinically negligible' residual kidney function to clearance of uremic solutes.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Residual kidney function (RKF) is thought to exert beneficial effects through clearance of uremic toxins. However, the level of native kidney function where clearance becomes negligible is not known.

Methods: We aimed to assess whether levels of nonurea solutes differed among patients with 'clinically negligible' RKF compared with those with no RKF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfz042DOI Listing

Quality of life after coronary bypass: a multicentre study of routinely collected health data in the Netherlands†.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.

Objectives: In this study, our aim was to explore how coronary artery bypass grafting affects quality of life, and how this varies with age, particularly with patients at risk of deterioration.

Methods: In a retrospective, multicentre cohort study, patients with isolated coronary artery bypass grafting and electively operated between January 2011 and January 2015 with pre- and postoperative quality-of-life data were included. Patients were classified into 3 age groups: <65, 65-79 and ≥80 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezz051DOI Listing

Early outcomes and computational fluid dynamic analyses of chimney reconstruction in the Norwood procedure†.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Objectives: The ideal configuration of a reconstructed aortic arch in the Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome is still a matter of debate. Chimney reconstruction was developed to avoid postoperative complications and turbulent flow in the aortic arch. This study sought to clarify early outcomes of the procedure and verify its haemodynamic advantages using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivz040DOI Listing

Hybrid positron emission tomography-magnetic resonance imaging for assessing different stages of cardiac impairment in patients with Anderson-Fabry disease: AFFINITY study group.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Via Pansini 5, Naples, Italy.

Aims: Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder associated with multi-organ dysfunction. While native myocardial T1 mapping by magnetic resonance (MR) allow non-invasive measurement of myocyte sphingolipid accumulation, 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and MR are able to identify different pathological patterns of disease progression. We investigated the relationship between T1 mapping and 18F-FDG uptake by hybrid PET-MR cardiac imaging in AFD female patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jez039DOI Listing

A European study on decellularized homografts for pulmonary valve replacement: initial results from the prospective ESPOIR Trial and ESPOIR Registry data†.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Transplantation, and Vascular Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Objectives: Decellularized pulmonary homografts (DPH) have shown excellent results for pulmonary valve replacement. However, controlled multicentre studies are lacking to date.

Methods: Prospective European multicentre trial evaluating DPH for pulmonary valve replacement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezz054DOI Listing

Preoperative pulmonary function in all comers for cardiac surgery predicts mortality†.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: Although reduced lung function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with higher risk of death following cardiac surgery, preoperative spirometry is not performed routinely. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between preoperative lung function and postoperative complications in all comers for cardiac surgery irrespective of smoking or COPD history.

Methods: Preoperative spirometry was performed in elective adult cardiac surgery patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivz049DOI Listing

Update on the global epidemiology of intussusception: a systematic review of incidence rates, age distributions and case-fatality ratios among children aged <5 years, before the introduction of rotavirus vaccination.

Int J Epidemiol 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA.

Background: In some countries that have introduced oral rotavirus vaccines, a small but elevated risk of intussusception-a rare bowel disorder-has been reported. Updated estimates on the global epidemiology of intussusception are needed to help predict the potential number of intussusception cases that could be caused by the vaccine in different settings.

Methods: We estimated incidence rates, age distributions and case-fatality ratios (CFRs) for intussusception hospital admissions among children aged <5 years, before the introduction of rotavirus vaccines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz028DOI Listing

Shift work, DNA methylation and epigenetic age.

Int J Epidemiol 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA.

Background: Shift work has been associated with increased risk of age-related morbidity and mortality. Biological age, estimated using DNA methylation (DNAm), may quantify the biological consequences of shift work on the risk of age-related disease. We examined whether prior employment in shift-working occupations was associated with epigenetic age acceleration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz027DOI Listing

Dissociating thalamic alterations in alcohol use disorder defines specificity of Korsakoff's syndrome.

Brain 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Normandie Univ, UNICAEN, PSL Research University, EPHE, INSERM, U1077, CHU de Caen, Cyceron, Neuropsychologie et Imagerie de la Mémoire Humaine, Caen, France.

The thalamus, a relay organ consisting of several nuclei, is shared between the frontocerebellar circuit and the Papez circuit, both particularly affected in alcohol use disorder. Shrinkage of the thalamus is known to be more severe in alcoholics with Korsakoff's syndrome than in those without neurological complications (uncomplicated alcoholics). While thalamic atrophy could thus be a key factor explaining amnesia in Korsakoff's syndrome, the loci and nature of alterations within the thalamic nuclei in uncomplicated alcoholics and alcoholics with Korsakoff's syndrome remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awz056DOI Listing

Long-term survival and frequency of reinterventions after proximal aortic surgery: a retrospective study†.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Institution of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.

Objectives: We sought to analyse perioperative outcome, long-term mortality, frequency and causes of reintervention, and survival benefit in a contemporary cohort of patients undergoing proximal thoracic aortic surgery.

Methods: Participants comprised all patients undergoing open surgery for proximal thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) (n = 319) and thoracic aortic dissection type A (TAD) (n = 229) during 2005-2014 at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Uppsala University Hospital. Long-term survival was compared to age- and sex-matched controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezz073DOI Listing

Associations between adolescent social phobia, sickness absence and unemployment: a prospective study of twins in Sweden.

Eur J Public Health 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Division of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Little is known about adolescent mental health problems, including social phobia, as risk factors for future work incapacity. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between social phobia in adolescence and unemployment and sickness absence (SA) in early adulthood, also evaluating the role of familial factors (genetics and shared environment).

Methods: A sample of 2845 Swedish twins born in 1985-86 in Sweden was followed longitudinally in the population-based and prospective Twin study of CHild and Adolescent Development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckz033DOI Listing

Sociodemographic Indicators of Health Status Using a Machine Learning Approach and Data from the English Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSA).

Med Sci Monit 2019 Mar 17;25:1994-2001. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.

BACKGROUND Studies on the effects of sociodemographic factors on health in aging now include the use of statistical models and machine learning. The aim of this study was to evaluate the determinants of health in aging using machine learning methods and to compare the accuracy with traditional methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS The health status of 6,209 adults, age <65 years (n=1,585), 65-79 years (n=3,267), and >80 years (n=1,357) were measured using an established health metric (0-100) that incorporated physical function and activities of daily living (ADL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.913283DOI Listing

Comparison of Cortisol Stress Response in Patients with Panic Disorder, Cannabis-Induced Panic Disorder, and Healthy Controls.

Psychopathology 2019 Mar 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Background/aims: Little research effort has so far been dedicated to the analysis of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis of aetiologically differing subgroups of patients with panic disorder (PD). The current study aimed at a deeper understanding of the cortisol stress response in cannabis-induced PD (CIPD) patients.

Methods: Matched groups of 7 PD patients (mean age ± SD: 32. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496559DOI Listing

Transplant of Adult Bone for Reconstruction of a Large Post-Traumatic Cranial Defect in a Very Young Baby.

Pediatr Neurosurg 2019 Mar 15:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Maxillofacial Departmental Structure, ASST Niguarda, Milan, Italy.

Large cranial defects in very young patients are challenging. The ideal material for cranioplasty in this age group has not yet been identified. Cryopreserved autologous bone presents very high rates of failures, acrylic resins pose a number of compatibility problems, bioceramics may be contraindicated, and autografts may be not adequate for repair of large defects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496694DOI Listing
March 2019
0.497 Impact Factor

A Systematic Ultrasound Evaluation of the Diameter of Deep Veins in the Newborn: Results and Implications for Clinical Practice.

Neonatology 2019 Mar 15;115(4):335-340. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Surgery, Fondazione Policlinico A. Gemelli IRCSS, Rome, Italy.

Background: In adults and children, current guidelines recommend measuring the diameter of the vein before the insertion of central catheters, in order to match vein diameter with catheter caliber and thus reduce the risk of venous thrombosis. In the neonatal intensive care unit, central catheters are often used but the vein diameter is usually not considered.

Method: We assessed the diameter of the most relevant deep veins in 100 newborns, using a strict protocol of ultrasound evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496848DOI Listing

Healthy migrant effect in the Swedish context: a register-based, longitudinal cohort study.

BMJ Open 2019 Mar 15;9(3):e026972. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Occupational- and Environmental Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala.

Objectives: Studies have found a 'healthy-migrant effect' (HME) among arriving migrants, that is, a better health status compared with others in the home country, but also in comparison with the population in the host country. The aims were to investigate whether the HME hypothesis is applicable to the Swedish context, that is, if health outcomes differed between a group of mainly labour migrants (Western migrants) and a group of mainly refugee/family reunion migrants (non-Western migrants) compared with the native Swedish population, and if there were any correlations between labour market attachment (LMA) and these health outcomes.

Design: Register-based, longitudinal cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026972DOI Listing

What are the characteristics and progression of visual field defects in patients with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy: a prospective single-centre study in China.

BMJ Open 2019 Mar 15;9(3):e025307. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Objective: To study the characteristics and progression of visual field defects in patients with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy.

Design: Prospective study.

Setting: 3-A-class hospital in China; single-centre study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025307DOI Listing

Association between caesarean section delivery and obesity in childhood: a longitudinal cohort study in Ireland.

BMJ Open 2019 Mar 15;9(3):e025051. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

The Irish Centre for Fetal and Neonatal Translational Research (INFANT), University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

Objectives: To investigate the association between caesarean section (CS) birth and body fat percentage (BF%), body mass index (BMI) and being overweight or obese in early childhood.

Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort study.

Setting: Babies After Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints: Evaluating the Longitudinal Impact on Neurological and Nutritional Endpoints cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025051DOI Listing

Association between perinatal interventional activity and 2-year outcome of Swiss extremely preterm born infants: a population-based cohort study.

BMJ Open 2019 Mar 15;9(3):e024560. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Neonatology, Universitätsspital Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.

Objectives: To investigate if centre-specific levels of perinatal interventional activity were associated with neonatal and neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of age in two separately analysed cohorts of infants: cohort A born at 22-25 and cohort B born at 26-27 gestational weeks, respectively.

Design: Geographically defined, retrospective cohort study.

Setting: All nine level III perinatal centres (neonatal intensive care units and affiliated obstetrical services) in Switzerland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024560DOI Listing

Are perceived barriers to accessing mental healthcare associated with socioeconomic position among individuals with symptoms of depression? Questionnaire-results from the Lolland-Falster Health Study, a rural Danish population study.

BMJ Open 2019 Mar 15;9(3):e023844. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Psychiatric Research Unit, Psychiatry, Region Zealand, Slagelse, Denmark.

Objective: To evaluate if perceived barriers to accessing mental healthcare (MHC) among individuals with symptoms of depression are associated with their socio-economic position (SEP).

Design: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based population survey from the Lolland-Falster Health Study (LOFUS) 2016-17 of 5076 participants.

Participants: The study included 372 individuals, with positive scores for depression according to the Major Depression Inventory (MDI), participating in LOFUS . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023844DOI Listing
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