664 results match your criteria African journal of paediatric surgery : AJPS[Journal]


Malformations: A 5-year review of the presentation and management in a Teaching Hospital in Ghana.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):118-120

Department of Surgery, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.

Background: Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are congenital defects affecting the distal gastrointestinal tract and anus with frequent fistulous connections to the genitourinary system. The spectrum of the disease is considerably wide, and thus, an individualised approach to its management is required. There are few recent publications about the burden of this malformation in Africa and the outcome of surgical intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_10_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615007PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Management of femoral neck fractures in children: Experience of a short series in a developing country.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):114-117

Department of Mother and Children, University of Félix Houphouet Boigny Pediatric Surgery Unit, CHU Yopougon, Côte d'Ivoire, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

Background: Fractures of the femoral neck are rare injuries in children but can have many devastating complications. Their treatment is not standardized, but the objectives are early anatomic reduction to minimize the risk for complications. The aim of this study was to assess outcomes of a short series of femoral neck fractures managed in a resource-limited setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_93_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615012PMC
September 2019
1 Read

A 6-year retrospective review of histopathological pattern of surgical biopsies in children with refractory constipation in a Tertiary Hospital in Ghana.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):111-113

Departments of Child Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Background: Children with chronic constipation dating to infancy frequently undergo rectal biopsy in order to rule out Hirschsprung's disease (HD) which is a common cause of this sort of presentation. Few publications have however focused on the documentation of the proportion of such patients who truly had histopathological findings confirming the disease. In this preliminary work, we aim to present the histopathological findings of children who had rectal biopsies in our centre from 2009 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_70_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615015PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Risk factors and short outcome of bowel atresia in neonates at Tertiary Hospital.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):108-110

Department of Pediatric Surgery, King Abdullah Specialized Children Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Bowel atresia is a rare congenital anomaly that could affect any part of the bowel. It is categorized based on the type and location of the affected bowel with jejunoileal being the most common type worldwide. Risk factors for developing intestinal atresia are not well established, but we know that genetics, poor prenatal care, and low birth weight are considered risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_65_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615005PMC
September 2019

Horseshoe kidney and associated anomalies: Single institutional review of 20 cases.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):104-107

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Sushrut Jadhav Kinderchirurgie Charitable Trust's Paediatric Surgery Centre and PG Institute, Sangli, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Horseshoe kidney (HSK) is a common renal fusion anomaly. We undertook this study to discuss various anomalies associated with HSKs. The objective of the study is to study various anomalies associated with HSKs and to assess the need for surgical intervention in patients with these anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_55_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615013PMC
September 2019

Is transcatheter closure superior to surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus among Nigerian Children?

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):100-103

First Cardiology Consultants, Ikoyi, Lagos, Nigeria.

Background: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is common among Nigerian children. It is the second only to ventricular septal defect among congenital heart diseases in Nigeria children. The study centers are the only centers in Nigeria which are able to offer both transcatheter closure of PDA and surgical ligation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_53_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615011PMC
September 2019

Paediatric day-case surgery in a new paediatric surgical unit in Northwestern Nigeria.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):97-99

Department of Surgery, Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria.

Background: Day-case surgery is defined as when the surgical day-case patient is admitted for investigation or operation on a planned non-resident basis and who nonetheless requires facilities for recovery. A significant number of our patients were treated as day cases. This study was conducted to audit paediatric day-case surgery practice at our centre, to determine the indications as well as morbidity and mortality from day-case surgeries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_50_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615002PMC
September 2019

Comparison between testicular volumes as measured with prader orchidometer and ultrasonography in Healthy Nigerian Newborns.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):93-96

Departments of Radiology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: We compared the testicular volume (TV) measured with Prader orchidometer (PO) to the volume measured with ultrasonography in male neonates and their relationships with some selected neonatal characteristics.

Subjects And Methods: A cross-sectional study of all term male neonates who had clinical examination of their external genitalia performed and TV was measured using PO and ultrasonography. Information about the gestational age, birth weight, and birth length was also recorded to determine their relationships with TV measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_32_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615003PMC
September 2019

Tongue flap as salvage procedure for recurrent and large palatal fistula after cleft palate repair.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):88-92

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences and Postgraduate Institute, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Background: Recurrent palatal fistula is a common complication of cleft palate repair. The main causes are poor surgical technique or vascular accidents and infection. Local flaps are not adequate for larger and recurrent fistula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_131_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615006PMC
September 2019

Presentation and outcome of treatment of jejunoileal atresia in Nigeria.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):84-87

Department of Surgery, Division of Paediatric Surgery, National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria.

Background: Intestinal atresia is a common cause of neonatal intestinal obstruction. Previous reports from Nigeria have indicated a high mortality rate. This is a report of current outcome review from one tertiary center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_120_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615014PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Paediatric surgical outreach in central region of Ghana.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):80-83

Department of Surgery, Paediatric Surgery Unit of Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Conditions that are amenable to surgery are found globally. However, surgery is not easily accessible for most people in low- and middle-income countries due to physical and financial barriers, among others. One-way of mitigating against this situation is through surgical outreach programmes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_114_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615008PMC
September 2019

Effect of corrective or palliative procedures on arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure difference in pediatric cardiac surgery.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):73-79

Departments of Anesthesiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Madani Heart Hospital, Tabriz, Iran.

Background: The normal small difference (3-5 mmHg) between arterial (partial pressure of carbon dioxide [PaCO]) and end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure (ETPCO) increases in children with congenital heart disease. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of corrective or palliative cardiac surgery on this difference (known as DPCO2).

Patients And Methods: In a prospective study, 200 children (aged <12 years old) candidate for corrective or palliative cardiac surgery were studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_97_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615010PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Incidence of hyponatraemia following the use of three different intravenous fluids in paediatric surgery.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):69-72

Departments of Chemical Pathology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

Background: It is a common practice to administer 4.3% dextrose in 0.18% saline peri-operatively and for routine fluid maintenance in the paediatric age group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_40_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615004PMC
September 2019

Congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula: A systematic review.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):63-68

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Chengdu Women's and Children's Central Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chengdu, China.

Congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula (CAUF) is a rare anomaly characterized by fistulization of penile urethra to skin. It's usually seen as an isolated deformity or may accompany genitourinary or anorectal malformations. We aim to define the common properties of patients mentioned in literatures by systematic review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_97_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615009PMC
September 2019

Post-varicella necrotising fasciitis.

Authors:
Viroj Wiwanitkit

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jul-Sep;14(3):59

Department of Community Medicine, Dr DY Patil University, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_48_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5881289PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

Intraperitoneal cerebrospinal fluid pseudocyst with ventriculoperitoneal shunt.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jul-Sep;14(3):56-58

Department of Neurosurgery, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting is mostly used in the treatment of hydrocephalus and many complications have been reported with this method. Abdominal Pseudocyst (APC) are relatively uncommon but important complications in patients with VP shunts. We herein report the case of a 9-year-old boy with VP shunt who presented with abdominal distension, abdominal pain, malaise, and decrease of appetite. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_94_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5881288PMC
June 2018
18 Reads

Congenital absence of jejunum and ileum: A case report and literature review.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jul-Sep;14(3):53-55

Department of Pediatric Surgery, SVP Postgraduate Institute of Pediatrics, Cuttack, Odisha, India.

We report an extremely rare finding 'congenital absence of jejunum and ileum' during explorative laparotomy of a 16-day-old female neonate. The dilated duodenum was terminating blindly, and the next segment of intestine was a peanut-sized cecum followed by microcolon. On an extensive survey of literature this type of intestinal atresia is not reported in living babies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_63_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5881287PMC
June 2018
20 Reads

Acute mechanical intestinal obstruction in children at zinder national hospital, Niger: Aetiologies and prognosis.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jul-Sep;14(3):49-52

Department of Postoperative and Intensive Care, National Hospital of Zinder, University of Zinder, Zinder, Niger.

Background: To describe the aetiological and prognostic aspects of acute mechanical intestinal obstruction (AMIO) in children at Zinder National Hospital (Niger).

Materials And Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on a period to January 2013-June 2015. The database included all children under 15 years of age with a surgical diagnosis of mechanical intestinal obstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_96_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5881286PMC
June 2018
38 Reads

Acute presentation of koch's abdomen in children: Our experience.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jul-Sep;14(3):43-48

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: To analyse our experience with acute presentations of abdominal tuberculosis (TB) in children for early diagnosis and management.

Materials And Methods: From December 2010 to April 2016, available electronic and operation theatre (OT) records of 17 patients with confirmed diagnosis of abdominal TB were analysed retrospectively. Parameters reviewed were age, sex, presentations, diagnostic investigations, surgery/intervention performed, final outcome and follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_91_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5881285PMC
June 2018
12 Reads

Oral and maxillofacial tumours in children and adolescents: Clinicopathologic audit of 75 cases in an academic medical centre, Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jul-Sep;14(3):37-42

Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Background: Maxillofacial tumours in children and adolescents have been documented worldwide; however, few studies were reported from Africa, especially sub-Saharan Africa. In Nigeria, most of the studies emanated from the Southwest region.

Aim: To present an audit of clinicopathologic features and treatment of orofacial tumours in children and adolescents in Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_81_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5881284PMC
June 2018
15 Reads

Reoperation of Anastomotic Stricture after Oesophageal Atresia Repair: An Uncommon Event.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Apr-Jun;14(2):34-36

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Teaching Hospital of Treichville, 01BPV03 Abidjan 01; FELIX HOUPHOUET-BOIGNY, University of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

Oesophageal atresia is a common malformation in which the survival rate in developed countries is around 90%, while its mortality remains very high in developing countries. Oesophageal stricture post-oesophageal atresia repair is traditionally treated by non-surgical approach. However, surgical resection of the oesophageal stricture may be necessary after the failure of dilations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_62_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5868234PMC
June 2018
10 Reads

Unusual Ileal Anomalies Associated with Omphalomesenteric Duct Remnants.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Apr-Jun;14(2):32-33

Department of Pediatric Surgery, School of Medicine, Mother and Child Hospital, Mohammed VI Teaching Hospital, University Cadi Ayyad, Marrakesh, Morocco.

The association between omphalomesenteric duct remnants and other digestive tract malformations is not rare. Most associated anomalies are reported with Meckel's diverticulum. We report two associated anomalies which were never reported: an ileal stenosis and an ileal duplication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_67_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5868233PMC
June 2018
10 Reads

One or Two Stages Procedure for Repair of Rectovestibular Fistula: Which is Safer? (A Single Institution Experience).

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Apr-Jun;14(2):27-31

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Zagazig University Hospital, Zagazig, Egypt.

Background: Rectovestibular fistula (RVF) is the most common type of anorectal malformations in females. The need for a diverting colostomy during correction of defect has ignited a heated debate. In this study, we reviewed the girls with RVF that had been treated by either one or two stage procedure in the past 10 years in our institution to define whether one stage or two stage procedures is safer and more beneficial for the patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_61_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5868232PMC
June 2018
11 Reads

Retroperitoneoscopic Varicocelectomy in Adolescents: Long-term Follow-up in Two Italian Centres.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Apr-Jun;14(2):24-26

Department of Medical, Surgical and Neurological Science, Pediatric Surgery Unit, University of Siena, 53100 Siena, Italy.

Background: The varicocele is the most commonly diagnosed pre-pubertal andrological condition with an incidence of 10%-15% between adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of retroperitoneoscopic varicocelectomy (RV) in two Italian centres with particular attention to post-operative testicular volume and semen analysis after 18 years of life.

Materials And Methods: From 1999 to 2010, 286 adolescents underwent retroperitoneoscopic left varicocelectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_58_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5868231PMC
June 2018
15 Reads

Factors Associated with the Risk of Persistent Gastrostomy Site Infection Following Laparoscopic or Open Nissen Fundoplication.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Apr-Jun;14(2):21-23

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Background: Gastrostomy for feeding disorders or swallowing dysfunctions can be complicated by persistent gastrostomy site infection (PGSI). PGSI causes nutrient leakage, with dilated PGSI requiring gastrostomy reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the causes, patient characteristics, and perioperative management of PGSI after Nissen fundoplication and gastrostomy for patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_57_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5868230PMC
June 2018
19 Reads

Erratum: Transanal protrusion of intussusception in children.

Authors:

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jan-Mar;14(1):19

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.137331]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0189-6725.226200DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5853018PMC
March 2018
7 Reads

Pre-exposure and Post-exposure prophylaxis for dog bites.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jan-Mar;14(1):18

Department of Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nis, Nis, Serbia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_66_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5853017PMC
June 2018
8 Reads

Successful reconstruction of congenital perineal skin defect using gluteal-fold bilobed perforator flap.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jan-Mar;14(1):15-17

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, National Hospital Organization Nagasaki Medical Center, Nagasaki, Japan.

Perineovaginorectal defect usually requires surgical repair; however, direct closure often leads to dehiscence. We present two patients with a congenital perineal skin defect who were successfully treated using a gluteal-fold bilobed perforator flap. This flap facilitates esthetic restoration and a more natural perineovaginorectal appearance, using only a one-stage procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_29_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5853016PMC
June 2018
11 Reads

Chronic recurrent vomiting associated with primary gastric volvulus in infant: A case report and review of literature.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jan-Mar;14(1):12-14

Department of Radiology, AIIMS, Patna, Bihar, India.

Gastric volvulus is an uncommon entity found in the paediatric population. We are reporting a case of chronic gastric volvulus presented to us with the complaints of recurrent vomiting after each feed. The vomiting was projectile, nonbilious, and the content was milk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_36_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5853015PMC
June 2018
15 Reads

Delayed primary end-to-end anastomosis for traumatic long segment urethral stricture and its short-term outcomes.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jan-Mar;14(1):8-11

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Background:: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the aetiology of posterior urethral stricture in children and analysis of results after delayed primary repair with extensive distal urethral mobilisation.

Materials And Methods: This was a retrospective study carried out in a tertiary care centre from January 2009 to December 2013.

Results:: Eight children with median age 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_38_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5853020PMC
June 2018
20 Reads

Is the plastibell of any haemostatic value after 24 h?

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jan-Mar;14(1):5-7

Department of Surgery, Burns and Plastic Surgery Unit, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi Araba, Lagos, Nigeria.

Background: The Plastibell is the most popular circumcision method among mothers in our city. Haemorrhage is its major problem. At our centre, we have recorded many circumcision problems resulting from prolonged retention of the Plastibell ring and this study, therefore, sought to explore the ways of reducing complications resulting from prolonged retention of the ring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_19_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5853019PMC
June 2018
13 Reads

Paediatric ureterolithotripsy: Tips and tricks - Experience at a single center.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jan-Mar;14(1):1-4

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Paediatric stone disease is very common in certain regions of India. Traditionally, the endourology for the stones even in paediatric age group is managed by adult urologist and paediatric surgeons tend to do open surgeries. The nonavailability of paediatric size equipments and lack of training at the teaching and tertiary care paediatric surgical centers in India are factors due to which there is continued apathy of paediatric surgeons to endourology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0189-6725.226199DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5853014PMC
June 2018
18 Reads

Extrahepatic biliary atresia, liver function tests, and hemoglobin variants.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):61-62

2nd Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, AHEPA University General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_124_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419553PMC
June 2019
3 Reads

Plastibell circumcision.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):60

Deaprtment of Tropical Medicine, Hainan Medical University, Haikou, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_16_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419544PMC
June 2019
4 Reads

The evolving surgical approaches in challenged resource settings.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):58-59

S.C. di Clinica Chirurgica Pediatrica, University of Perugia, S. Maria Della Misericordia Hospital, Perugia, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_13_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419551PMC
June 2019
3 Reads

Meckel's diverticulum: Is this the time for a large multicentric study?

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):56-57

S.C. di Clinica Chirurgica Pediatrica, University of Perugia, S. Maria Della Misericordia Hospital, Perugia, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_12_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419555PMC
June 2019
3 Reads

Spontaneous common hepatic duct perforation in a child: A rare case report.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):53-55

Department of Pediatric Surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Spontaneous perforation of common bile duct is a rare phenomenon; few cases are reported in literature. Hence, there is a dilemma for the management of these cases, but with modern radiological equipment and high degree of suspicion, it is possible to diagnose early. The overall prognosis of this condition is good, provided an early surgical intervention is instituted; we are reporting a case of a 6-year-old male with spontaneous perforation of common hepatic duct. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_74_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419550PMC
June 2019
8 Reads

Metanephric stromal tumor: An unusual presentation of a rare paediatric renal neoplasm.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):50-52

Department of Pathology, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, Monastir, Tunisia.

A 2-year-old boy with prenatal diagnosis of a malformation uropathy was referred to paediatric surgery department. On systemic examination, there were no palpable masses. An ultrasonography of abdomen with color Doppler, a renal artery angiographic and scintigraphy revealed a preostial aneurysm at the left renal artery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_56_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419545PMC
June 2019
3 Reads

A staged operation for anopenile urethral fistula.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):48-49

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery I, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.

Anopenile urethral fistula (APUF) is not rare, but there are only a few detailed reports regarding its surgical treatment. We describe a patient with APUF who had no anal opening, and meconium was discharged from the external urethral orifice. The patient was treated with a staged operation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_52_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419542PMC
June 2019
3 Reads

A 1-year randomized controlled trial to compare the outcome of primary repair of hypospadias with vascular cover using tunica vaginalis flap with those using preputial dartos fascia.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):42-47

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.

Background: : Tubularized incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty is the most common technique noted to correct hypospadias. However, urethrocutaneous fistula (UCF) is still one of the most common complications of this technique. Several techniques of providing vascularized flaps to the neourethra have been recommended to decrease this complication rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_104_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419552PMC
June 2019
7 Reads

Functional assessment of the patients with perineal and vestibular fistula treated by anterior sagittal anorectoplasty.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):36-41

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Background: Anterior sagittal anorectoplasty (ASARP) has been a standardised operative treatment for anorectal malformation (ARM). This retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate patients with perineal fistula (PF) and vestibular fistula (VF) treated by ASARP in our institution.

Patients And Methods: Twenty patients (PF, n = 14; male, n = 8 and female, n = 6 and VF, n = 6) were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_91_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419547PMC
June 2019
32 Reads

Role of ano rectal myomectomy in children with chronic refractory constipation.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):31-35

Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Chronic refractory constipation (CRC) is an uncommon type of constipation. These children have persistent symptoms even after treatment with high dose laxatives, which may cause abdominal distension, vomiting, cramping and bloating. We conducted this study to assess the diagnostic and therapeutic role of anorectal myomectomy in children with CRC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_99_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419556PMC
June 2019
8 Reads

Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis - Our experience and challenges in a developing country.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):26-30

Sub-Department of Pediatric Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.

Background: This study aims to evaluate the experience and challenges in managing patients with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS).

Patients And Methods: From January 2007 to December 2015, data from patients with IHPS were retrospectively acquired and analyzed using SPSS version 15. Pearson correlation used to assess linear relationships and Student t-test to compare means. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_51_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419543PMC
June 2019
20 Reads

Nephrectomy in children with wilms' tumor: 15 years of experience with "Tumor Delivery Technique".

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):22-25

Department of Pediatric Surgery, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, Tel-Hashomer, Ramat-Gan, Affiliated to Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Background: The contemporary surgical approach to Wilms' tumors follows that used in adults with renal cell carcinomas, namely, early occlusion of the renal vessels and then removal of the kidney as an intact mass. For years, the surgical approach at our institution has been different, starting with blunt separation of the kidney from the surrounding tissues, followed by its delivery outside the abdominal cavity while it is only attached to the major blood vessels which are subsequently ligated. We aimed to present this "tumor delivery technique" and evaluate its outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_113_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419548PMC
June 2019
3 Reads

Congenital pouch colon: Our experience with coloplasty.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):16-21

Department of Paediatric Surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Congenital pouch colon (CPC) or congenital short colon is an entity found mainly in Indian subcontinent. In CPC, colon is replaced with partially or completely abnormal pouch connected to the genitourinary tract by a fistula (colovesical). Management protocol is different in different institute. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_88_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419546PMC
June 2019
9 Reads

Congenital pouch colon associated with anorectal malformation: A rare anomaly of Asian Region - experience of Kurdish centre.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):10-15

Department of Medical, Surgical and Neurological Sciences, Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

Background: Congenital pouch colon (CPC) is an unusual malformation associated with anorectal malformations (ARMs) that are seen especially in Asia. The aim of this study was to analyse our series of CPC associated with ARM in our centre and report our experience based on the rarity of pathology.

Materials And Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted at the Department of Paediatric Surgery in North Iraq. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_84_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419541PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

Indocyanine green clearance test to evaluate liver function in rat model of extrahepatic biliary atresia.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):5-9

Department of Pediatric Surgery, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

Background: Indocyanine green clearance test (ICG-K) has been shown as a sensitive marker of liver function in patients with cirrhosis. However, its role in the assessment of liver function in children with biliary atresia is not well established. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the ICG-K in an experimental model of cholangitis and partial biliary obstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_78_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419554PMC
June 2019
6 Reads

Role of laboratory markers in predicting severity of acute appendicitis.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Jan-Mar;15(1):1-4

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Materials And Methods: Record of 233 patients under 18 years of age who underwent appendectomy from 2005 to 2014 was evaluated. Based on perioperative findings of the surgeon, the patients were grouped under categories simple acute appendicitis (SAA) and CAA. Information such as age, gender, and laboratory investigations of the patients were recorded and analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_47_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419549PMC
June 2019
3 Reads

An unusual surgical cause of pyloric stenosis in an 8-month-old infant.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Oct-Dec;14(4):79-82

Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Health, Princess Marina Hospital, Gaborone, Botswana.

Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is the most common surgical cause of nonbilious, projectile vomiting in children. Its incidence is estimated to be 2-5/1000 live births and has been noted to be quite rare in African-Americans, Asians, and Indians. It is more common in infants under 6 months of age and is quite rare in older infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_118_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369598PMC
May 2019
12 Reads