2,105 results match your criteria African journal of medicine and medical sciences[Journal]


Type 1 diabetes mellitus and Graves' disease in Down's syndrome--a rare combination.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Sep;45(3):299-301

Background: Autoimmune diseases including thyroid. disorders, type 1 diabetes and celiac disease are commoner in persons with Down's syndrome compared with the general population. Coexistent type 1 diabetes and hyperthyroidism in Down's syndrome is however not commonly reported in literature. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016
19 Reads

Zinc salt enhances gastroprotective activity of risperidone in indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Sep;45(3):291-297

Background: Zinc has been reported to mediate cellular responses to injury by producing cytoprotection via the scavenging of reactive oxygen species. Anti-stress medications are generally anti-psychotic drugs and anti- depressants. Some Anti-psychotic drugs such as risperidone have been reported to possess anti-ulcer activity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016

Knowledge and attitude of sexually transmitted diseases among adolescents in Ikeji-Arakeji, Osun State, in South-Western Nigeria.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Sep;45(3):281-289

Background: Globally, sexually transmitted disease (STD) is a public health problem. In Nigeria, adolescents form a substantial proportion (22%) of the population and are particularly prone to STDs because of the influence of peer pressure and urge to experiment sexual activity. The study examined the knowledge and attitude of adolescents towards the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016

Awareness and distribution of ABO, Rhesus blood groups and haemoglobin phenotypes among medical undergraduates in a Nigerian university.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Sep;45(3):275-280

Background: In the past two decades the Nigerian government and religious organisations have put more emphasis on knowing the haemoglobin electrophoresis of school children and intending couples respectively. Knowledge of the distribution of blood groups and haemoglobin electrophoretic patterns among young people is vital for the prevention of haemoglobinopathies in the population and for providing effective blood banking services. Therefore, this study was designed to assess the frequency and awareness of blood group and haemoglobinphenotypes among a new set of fourth year clinical medical and dental students of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016
1 Read

Functional health of patients with knee osteoarthritis in a family medicine clinic in Ibadan.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Sep;45(3):269-274

Background: Patients with knee osteoarthritis experience pain and functional impairment, which impacts upon activities of daily living ultimately leading to a loss of functional independence and low quality- of-life. This study therefore aimed at evaluating the functional health status of patients with knee osteoarthritis in the Family Medicine clinic, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 270 eligible respondents between January and March 2011. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016

Constraints in the neurosurgical management of pituitary tumours in an African developing country: a 5-year observational study from Benin Republic.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Sep;45(3):261-267

Introduction: Benin Republic, a very low-income-sub- Saharan African developing country, has a severely resource-constrained health system. There is hardly any data available on the pattern of pituitary tumour in this country METHODS: A single surgeon, hospital-based retrospective analysis of the pattern, presentation and clinical / surgical course of7a prospective cohort of pituitary tumours seen over a 5-year period is presented RESULTS: There were 38 cases, 20 (52.6%) female; 27% of all brain tumours seen. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016

Neuroprotective effects of kolaviron against psycho-emotional stress induced oxidative brain injury in rats: The whisker removal model.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Sep;45(3):253-260

Background: The study investigated the neuroprotective potentials of kolaviron (a biflavonoid complex of Garcinia kola) against psycho-emotional stress induced oxidative brain injury in Wistar rats.

Methods: Twenty-four adult Wistar rats (180-220g) randomly divided into four groups (1-1V,n=6) were used for the study . Group 1 served as control (non stressed), group 11 consisted of stressed rats induced by complete removal' of the whiskers around the mouth and the nose without anaesthesia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016

Accuracy of non-endoscopic predictors of oesophageal varices in liver cirrhosis using platelet count, splenic size and portal vein diameter.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Sep;45(3):243-251

Background: Endoscopy has been recommended for all patients with liver cirrhosis to detect varices, but it is expensive, invasive and uncomfortable. There is therefore, need to find non-endoscopic means to predict oesophageal varices.

Aim: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of platelet count, splenic size and portal vein diameter to predict oesophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016
1 Read

Changes in kidney function and oxidative stress biomarkers in offspring from dams treated with dexamethasone during lactation in Wistar rats.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Sep;45(3):237-242

Background: The effects of maternal exposure to glucocorticoids during gestation on various organs in the offspring have been reported in literature. There is paucity of information on the effects of maternal glucocorticoids treatment during lactation on organ functions in the offspring. The present study was designed to investigate the changes in kidney function and oxidative stress biomarkers in offspring of dams treated with dexamethasone during lactation in Wistar rats METHODS: Twenty pregnant rats (180-200g) were divided into 4 groups (n=5). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016

Dealing with diabetes-specific emotional distress: A cross-sectional survey of physical activity option.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Sep;45(3):229-236

Background: Diabetes-specific emotional distress is common among people with type 2 diabetes due to the complexities associated with care and maintenance of wellness among the patients. Unlike the focus on glycaemic control, literature appears unavailable about how physical activity may help in the control of diabetes-specific emotional distress. This study was conducted to investigate the link between diabetes- specific emotional distress and physical activity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016

Essential professional duties for the sub-Saharan medical/dental graduate: An Association of Medical Schools of Africa initiative.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Sep;45(3):221-227

BACKGROUND - Globally, human resources for health are being optimized to address the increasing health burden and concomitant increased demands on health professionals. These demands are even more exacting in Sub-SaharanAfrica considering the shortage of health care workers, especially physicians. The noteworthy efforts at deploying task-shifting to address this situation not-withstanding, the situation also signals the need to re-define the objectives of medical instruction to ensure effective and contemporary medical practice in a mostly physician-led health workforce across the sub-continent. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016

Neck trauma: a red-herring to diagnosis of chemodectoma.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Dec;44(4):361-4

Chemodectoma, a neuroendocrine tumour of the paraganglionic cells in the carotid body remains an uncommon tumour. We report the first case from University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria. Though with a red herring history of trauma induced swelling, clinical and radiologic features were characteristic of chemodectoma. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2015
2 Reads

Effects of quail egg on kidney functions in alloxan induced diabetic Wistar rats.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Dec;44(4):355-60

Unlabelled: Abstract

Introduction: Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus has been reported to lead to renal dysfunction. Quail egg consumption has been reported to exert curative effects in some disease conditions like diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis, and asthma. This study investigated the effects of quail egg consumption on some kidney functions in alloxan induced diabetic rats. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2015

Female circumcision in Nigeria and attitudes towards its discontinuation.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Dec;44(4):343-54

Background: Female Circumcision (FC) is a harmful traditional practice and remains a public health problem particularly in the era of HIV/AIDS. Aside its numerous health implications, it can cause infertility, complications in childbirth and increased risk of newborn deaths. FC is widely practised in Nigeria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2015
1 Read

Comparative evaluation of perceptions of dental students to three methods of teaching in Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Dec;44(4):335-41

Background: The World Health Organization in 1994 recommended that dental education should be problem based, socially and culturally relevant, and community oriented.

Objectives: To explore the perceptions of Pre-phase II (pre-clinical II) dental students on three methods of teaching used during two academic sessions.

Methods: All part IV dental students in two consecutive sessions undergoing pre phase II course in the Faculty of Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife were recruited into the study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2015
2 Reads

Pattern of biliary tract carcinoma at the University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Dec;44(4):329-34

Background: Biliary tract carcinomas are uncommon but highly fatal malignancies. Most patients in our environment are diagnosed late and are not candidates for curative resection.

Objective: To determine the pattern and risk factors of biliary tract carcinoma in Ibadan. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2015

Sexual behaviour and use of electronic media among undergraduates in the University of Ibadan.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Dec;44(4):321-7

Background: Sexual behaviour among the youth contributes largely to the burden of reproductive health problems in Nigeria. This may have been worsened by the introduction of electronic media like internet and television (TV). However, little is known about the effects of electronic media on sexual behaviour of youth in Nigeria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2015

Potentials of raw and cooked walnuts (Tetracapidium conophorum) as sources of valuable nutrients for good health.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Dec;44(4):311-20

Background: The present study estimated nutrient composition of walnuts before and after cooking with respect to its potential as valuable source of nutrients for daily intake.

Method: Walnut fruits were purchased from five different markets in Ijebu-Ode local government area and its environs. The fruits samples were divided into two portions, labelled R (for raw) and C (cooked). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2015

Knowledge of hazards of antibiotics self-medication by mothers for under-fives in rural community of South-west Nigeria.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Dec;44(4):303-9

Background: In Nigeria, self-medication of young children is common. Children under the age of five are often self-medicated with antibiotics because of their increased susceptibility to infections.

Objectives: To assess mothers' knowledge on the hazards of antibiotics self-medication in a rural community of South-west Nigeria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2015
1 Read

HIV/AIDS pandemic and current practice among Paediatric Surgeons in Nigeria.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Dec;44(4):297-302

Background: HIV exposed children could require surgical procedures when ill. This study assessed how paediatric HIV/AIDS affected surgical practice among Nigerian paediatric surgeons.

Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study among consenting paediatric surgeons completing a self-administered questionnaire on the current practices and perception on HIV/AIDS in relation to their surgical practice. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2015

Helicobacter pylori: a pathogenic threat to the gastric mucosal barrier.

Authors:
F S Oluwole

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Dec;44(4):289-96

Peptic ulcer disease is a multi-factorial disorder of the gastrointestinal tract with a global prevalence affecting about 4.6 million people annually and having a mortality of one death per 10,000 cases. Helicobacter pylori (H. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2015
5 Reads

Problem-Based Learning comes highly recommended.

Authors:
A Ogunniyi

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Dec;44(4):286

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2015

Non-operative treatment of neglected bilateral posterior four-part fracture- dislocation of the shoulders--a case report.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Sep;44(3):277-81

Background: Bilateral posterior dislocation of the shoulders is rare and may result from a seizure. A 48 year-old HIV-positive man who presented eight weeks after bilateral posterior shoulder dislocation and bilateral fractures of the surgical necks of both humeri is reviewed. He was treated with an algesics and physiotherapy and was able to return to work after 9 months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2015

Pharmaceutical equivalent studies of some commercially available brands of Loratadine hydrochloride tablets.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Sep;44(3):269-76

Background: This study was undertaken with the objective of evaluating the pharmaceutical and chemical equivalence of some commercially available loratadine tablets, and offers a possible explanation for the therapeutic failure of the drug products.

Method: The equivalence of eight brands of loratadine hydrochloride tablets labelled A to H was assessed and compared with the Innovator brand labelled I. Visual observation and uniformity of weight tests were carried out on the tablets, mechanical properties were assessed using friability and crushing strength tests as parameters. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2015
4 Reads

Effect of methanol extract of musa sapientum leaves on protein glycation and erythrocyte antioxidant status in alloxan-induced diabetic Wistar rats.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Sep;44(3):261-8

Background: Increased generation of free radicals from protein glycation has been associated with compromised integrity of erythrocytes in diabetes. Musa sapientum has been reported to possess anti-diabetic properties and this study investigated the effect of methanol extract of Musa sapientum on protein glycation and erythrocyte integrity.

Methods: Forty-two male Wistar rats (180-200g) were randomly grouped into seven: 1 (control), 2 (diabetic untreated), 3 (normal extract-treated (250 mg/kg)), 4 (normal metformin-treated (150 mg/kg)), 5 (diabetic extract-treated (250 mg/kg)), 6 (diabetic metformin-treated (150 mg/kg)), 7 (diabetic insulin-treated (1 IU/kg)). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2015

Evaluation of anti-ulcerogenic and ulcer-healing activities of nevirapine in rats.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Sep;44(3):251-9

Background: Nevirapine is a very potent antiretroviral drug frequently used in the management of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Opportunistic pathologies in HIV/AIDS patients include gastric ulcer and gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Hence, the impact of nevirapine on induced gastric ulcer was studied using Wistar rats. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2015

Predictors of hypoxaemia during steady-state among children with Sickle Cell Anaemia in North-Western Nigeria.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Sep;44(3):243-50

Unlabelled: Abstract

Background: Haemoglobin desaturation, which presents as hypoxaemia, is a known phenomenon in the cycle of red blood cells sickling in sickle cell anaemia (SCA). Thus, early and accurate recognition of hypoxaemia is important in order to ameliorate its adverse effects on vital organs. This study was carried out to investigate clinical and laboratory features that predict hypoxaemia in children with SCA during steady-state. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2015

Refractive Amblyopia among children in Ibadan: the need for amblyopia screening programmes.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Sep;44(3):237-42

Background: The prevalence and burden of amblyopia in developing countries is probably underestimated, and little is known about the pattern of amblyopia in West Africa.

Aim: To determine the relative frequency and types of amblyopia among children with refractive errors seen in the eye clinic of a tertiary hospital over a 2 year period.

Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted at the eye clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria between January 2012 and December 2013. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2015
1 Read

Effect of taurine and caffeine on plasma c-reactive protein and calcium in Wistar rats.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Sep;44(3):229-36

Background: Caffeine is a component of several beverages such as coffee and tea. It has been shown to possess psychoactive properties because it increases alertness, energy and ability to concentrate at moderate doses. Taurine on the other hand, is an amino acid which has the capacity to promote neural development, osmoregulation and neuroprotection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2015
55 Reads

Microwave disinfection of maxillary and mandibular denture bases contaminated with Candida Albican.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Sep;44(3):221-8

Background: Oral environment is not sterile, and dentures worn by the patients can be infected and therefore needs disinfection. Solution disinfectants such as sodium hypochlorite and glutaraldehyde can be used but they have side effects. Microwave disinfection method is more recent, however, there are conflicting reports at the moment on the appropriate power and time regimen for disinfection of denture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2015
1 Read

Non cholinergic dependent mechanism of Ocimum gratissimum induced neurobehavioural alterations in mice.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Sep;44(3):213-20

Background: This study investigated the mechanism of Ocimum gratissimum induced neurobehavioural alterations in mice. The plant is widely consumed in most parts of the world including Nigeria where it is used as a spice and phytomedicine by alternate medical practitioners.

Methods: The animals were divided into three groups of six mice each. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2015

Perception and attitude towards Ebola Virus Disease among traditional healers in Ibadan, Nigeria.

Authors:
K Aminu A S Jegede

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Sep;44(3):205-12

Background: Nigeria experienced her first outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in the second-half of 2014. Since its first occurrence in Zaire and Sudan in 1976, most studies on EVD were clinically based and were carried out using biomedical approaches. No empirical social science/behavioural-oriented study exists on the deadly EVD in Nigeria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2015

Liver aminotransferases in under-five HIV-positive children on HAART.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Sep;44(3):197-204

Background: Higher mortality rates were reported in developing countries during early months of HAART initiation than in developed countries. The study aimed at assessing the effect of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) on liver function of under-fives.

Method: Two hundred and thirty-eight under-fives children were enrolled from five hospitals in Southern Nigeria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2015

A "Red Flag" in Patients with Sickle cell anaemia.

Authors:
A Ogunniyi

Afr J Med Med Sci 2015 Sep;44(3):194

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2015

Endodontic flare up: incidence and association of possible risk factors.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Jun;45(2):207-212

Background: Endodontic emergency during root canal treatment (flare up) is a common occurrence in multivisit root canal treatment (RCT) and it may be associated with many factors. The occurrence however can affect the prognosis of the tooth and the patient -clinician relationship.

Aim: To determine the incidence and risk factors associated with occurrence of flare up in a multi visit RCT. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Methods of voluntary reporting medication administration errors among nurses in the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Jun;45(2):197-206

Background: Reporting medication administration error (MAEs) is a significant strategy to ensure patient safety. Literature had it that most of what is reported as errors of administration is just a tip of the iceberg, suggesting that a lot more go unreported. The methods of reporting medication administration errors in Nigeria have not been well explored. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Validation of a Yoruba version of the arthritis self-efficacy scale.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Jun;45(2):189-195

Background: The Arthritis Self Efficacy Scale (ASES) measures a patient's perceived efficacy to cope with the consequences of chronic arthritis. The aim of this, study was to translate ASES in to Yoruba, one of the indigenous Nigerian languages, and to investigate the validity and reliability of the translated version.

Methods: Forty one (21 males; 20 females). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

A prospective study of adverse events to antiretroviral therapy in HIV- infected adults in Ekiti State, Nigeria.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Jun;45(2):179-187

Objectives: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART); the-current standard of antiretroviral therapy for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infected persons, has been documented to drastically, reduce the number of cases of Acquired Immune Deficiency Sypdrome (AIDS). However, adverse. events are a challenge to the use of HAART. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2016
1 Read

Sport participation and injuries among undergraduate students of a Nigerian University.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Jun;45(2):171-178

Backgroud: Sports participation is a healthy behaviour but it is not without the risk of injuries. Information on the extent of sport participation and sport injuries among Nigerian Unversity students is sparse. Objeclive: To determine the prevalence and types of sport participation and injuries among university. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Spectrophotometric studies of a novel Gedunin-2-Hydroxypropyl- β-cyclodextrin binary system.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Jun;45(2):159-169

Background: Gedunin, a limonoid, is linked with antimalarial, anticancer and anti-allergic activities. This study was aimed at preparing an inclusion complex of gedunin and 2-hydroxypropyl-p-cyclodextrin (HBD) to increase solubility of-gedunin in polar solvents which will increase absorption and bioavailability in vivo and thus enhance pharmacological effects.

Materials And Methods: Gedunin was obtained from the hexane extract of Entandrophragma angolense heartwood by column and preparative thin layer chromatography. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Perception, attitude and willingness of under-five children caregivers to growth monitoring in Ibadan South-West Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Authors:
O Abiona O Oladepo

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Jun;45(2):151-158

Objective: This study was carried out to explore perceptions ofunder five caregivers on growth monitoring in Ibadan south-west local government in Nigeria.

Method: Descriptive. cross-sectional-design was used for the study which involved four-stage sampling techniques. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Dental care seeking behaviour of children in a rural Nigerian community.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Jun;45(2):143-149

Background: There is sparse information about oral health seeking behaviour of children in rural areas of developing countries. The aim of the Study was to determine the dental care seeking-behaviour of children attending the first rural based community oral health centre in Nigeria.

Methods: A retrospective review of records of patients aged 16 years or younger treated at the Primary Oral Health Care Centre in Ibarapa, Nigeria over six years was conducted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Bacteriology of middle meatal aspirate of adult patients with chronic rhinosinusitis in Lagos. University Teaching Hospital, Lagos.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Jun;45(2):135-141

Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) significantly lowers the quality of life of patients. The common use of broad spectrum antibiotics for its treatment may alter the pathogens that promote the persistence of this condition. However, the data concerning the distribution of bacteria species. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Responses to spread of.Ebola virus disease epidemic in West Africa: A review.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 Jun;45(2):119-134

Background: The first Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic in West Africa is unprecedented in its spread, complexity and severity. Comparing responses to spread of the virus in the three most affected countries - Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia- with that in Nigeria, Senegal and Mali where the epidemic was quickly brought under control may guide future mitigation efforts.

Methods: Literature from Pubmed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2016
2 Reads

Anti-oxidative and reno-restorative effects of physalis angulata (whole plant extract) in alloxan-induced diabetic male Wistar rats.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 May;45(1):99-108

Backgroiound: Hyperglycemia has been reported to increase protein glycation and generation of free radicals which predispose to diabetic renal dysfunction. Physalis ahgulata has been shown to have hypoglycacmic and anti-lipidemic properties but there is dearth of information regarding its effect on kidney functions in diabetes. This study investigated the anti-oxidative and reno-restorative effects of methanol extract of whole plant of Physalis angulata (MEPA) in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
May 2016
1 Read

Anthropometric indices: How they compare in screening of cardio- metabolic risks in a Nigerian sub-population.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 May;45(1):91-98

Background: The current anthropometric indices used for diagnosis of cardio-metabolic syndrome (CMS) in sub-Saharan Africa are those widely validated in the western world. We hereby aim to compare the sensitivity and specificity of these tools in identifying risk factors for CMS.

Method: The study assessed body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Micronutrient status and its effect on glycaemic indices in type 2 diabetics with foot ulcer in Ibadan, Nigeria.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 May;45(1):83-90

Background: Micronutrients are required by organisms in trace concentrations sufficient to maintain homeostasis. Deficiency of these elements could result in different medical and metabolic abnormalities. There are limited data on micronutrient status in type 2 diabetics with foot ulcer (DM+FU). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
May 2016
2 Reads

Knowledge and practices of nutritional care among day care staff in selected preschools in Ibadan North Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 May;45(1):75-82

Background: Studies have established that growth of children usually falters during the preschool age when the child is usually left in the hands of other care givers; as parents go to work. Feeding of the preschool children is sometimes solely under the care of Day Care Staff (DCS) whoselevel of knowledge and practice of nutritional care is unknown. Knowledge and practices of nutritional care among DCS in selected preschools were investigated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Drug resistance profiles of new- and previously treated patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Ibadan, Nigeria.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 May;45(1):67-73

Background: Information on TB drug resistance profiles and its' associated risk factors are scarce in Nigeria despite the large burden of disease in the country. The study was designed to report drug resistance profiles of new- and previously treated patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in Ibadan, Nigeria.

Method: Sputum from consenting pulmonary TB patients were collected and cultured for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) at the TB laboratory of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria using standard method. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
May 2016
9 Reads

Prevlaence of chronic kidney disease markers in Kumbotso rural Northern Nigeria.

Afr J Med Med Sci 2016 May;45(1):61-65

Background: Data- on the epidemiology of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) from sub-SaharanAfrica are sparse. We investigated the prevalence of CKD and its early markers in Kumbotso, a rural community in northern Nigeria.

Methods: A total of 480 individuals were randomly selected from the general population using multistage stratified random sampling. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source