120 results match your criteria African journal of infectious diseases[Journal]


MULTIDRUG RESISTANT MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS IN ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2019 12;13(1):39-47. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Background: There is a need to have regular updates from regions where high burden of tuberculosis (TB) have been reported in order to assist the local and global bodies in their objective to curtail the spread of drug resistant TB (DRTB). This study presents a situation report of DRTB in Adamawa State which has been identified as one of the States with high burden of TB in Nigeria.

Materials And Methods: Sputum culture in Lowenstein-Jensen Media, drug sensitivity tests and the GeneXpert MTB/Rif analysis were used in the identification and drug susceptibility studies of isolates obtained from forty TB patients who were enrolled from three selected hospitals with DOTS facilities in the State. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v13i1.5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305078PMC
December 2018
1 Read

INVASIVE CERVICAL CANCER IN IBADAN: SOCIO-SEXUAL CHARACTERISTICS, CLINICAL STAGE AT PRESENTATION, HISTOPATHOLOGY DISTRIBUTIONS AND HIV STATUS.

Afr J Infect Dis 2019 12;13(1):32-38. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection persistence is the necessary but not sufficient cause of invasive cervical cancer (ICC). The effects of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) co-infection have been well documented. The purpose of this study was to describe our experience on the clinico-pathological characteristics of patients with cervical cancer and HIV status at a tertiary Hospital in Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v13i1.4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305076PMC
December 2018
1 Read

USAGE OF A RAPID DIAGNOSTIC TEST FOR MALARIA IN CHILDREN.

Afr J Infect Dis 2019 12;13(1):24-31. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Laboratory of Systems Biology, "Chantal Biya" International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management (CBIRC), Yaounde, Cameroon.

Background: Malaria is still the primary cause of pediatric deaths. The efficient management of pediatric malaria requires its rapid and accurate diagnosis. To fulfill this requirement, rapid diagnostic tests have been developed, but their evaluation before commercialization is never exhaustive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v13i1.3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305079PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

MODELLING THE MORBIDITY PATTERN OF TUBERCULOSIS AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2019 12;13(1):11-23. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Planning, Research and Statistics, Oyo State Ministry of Health, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: With the advent of HIV, the risk of Tuberculosis (TB) has increased. The trend in the number of cases of TB in Oyo State over the past five years has not been documented. Hence, this study reviewed the number of cases of TB and determined some of its associated factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v13i1.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305077PMC
December 2018
1 Read

IMPLICATION OF FIVE AIDS RELATED GENES IN MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION AND ACQUISITION OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS 1 IN CAMEROON.

Afr J Infect Dis 2019 12;13(1):1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre, P.O. Box 3077, Yaounde, Cameroon.

Background: Genetic variants in the mother and/or infant have been described with evidence to be associated with mother-to-child transmission of HIV, but somehow with contradictory results depending on ethnic or geographic populations. We aimed at looking at the association between the allelic frequency of some genes with vertical transmission or acquisition of HIV in Cameroon.

Methodology: A total of 262 mothers (212 HIV-infected and 50 HIV non-infected) with their babies (270 in total, 42 HIV exposed-infected, 178 HIV exposed non-infected and 50 HIV non-exposed) were recruited in Yaounde-Cameroon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v13i1.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305080PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

DETECTION OF NON-INFLUENZA VIRUSES IN ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN UNDER FIVE-YEAR-OLD IN COTE D'IVOIRE (JANUARY - DECEMBER 2013).

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):78-88. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Pasteur Institute of Cote d'Ivoire, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire.

Background: Influenza sentinel surveillance in Cote d'Ivoire showed that 70% of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) cases remained without etiology. This work aims to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and virological pattern of ARI that tested negative for influenza virus, in children under five years old.

Materials And Methods: one thousand and fifty nine samples of patients presenting influenza Like Illness (ILI) or Severe Acute Respiratory Infections (SARI) symptoms were tested for other respiratory viruses using multiplex RT-PCR assays targeting 10 respiratory viruses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.13DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085743PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

RABIES IN A SET OF EIGHT-WEEK OLD PUPPIES IN NIGERIA: THE NEED FOR REVIEW OF CURRENT DOG ANTIRABIES VACCINATION SCHEDULE.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):72-77. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Jos, Plateau State Nigeria.

Background: Rabies is endemic in Nigeria with clinical cases reported mainly in dogs and occasionally in livestock from all the geo-ecological zones of the country. Detection of rabies virus antigen in puppies at the age of five to ten weeks and in apparently healthy dogs shedding the virus in their saliva have been reported in some parts of Nigeria.

Material And Method: This report describes a clinical rabies in a set of eight weeks old puppies confirmed by antigen detection using the direct fluorescent antibody test (DFAT), the direct rapid immunohistochemical test (DRIT), and RT-PCR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085740PMC

ERRATA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):71. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Universitas Airlangga Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia.

[This corrects the article on p. 20 in vol. 12, PMID: 29302646. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.11DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085732PMC

T CELL EPITOPES OF THE FULL GENE OF FROM SPUTUM OF MDR-TB PATIENTS.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):66-70. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga -Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Jl. Mayjen. Prof. Dr. Moestopo No. 47, Surabaya 60131, Indonesia.

Background: In 2015, World Health Organization (WHO) discovered 10.4 million tuberculosis (TB) cases around the world. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) became a threat because it has high mortality number. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085733PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

PROPOSED GUIDELINES TO MINIMISE MULTI-DRUG RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS TREATMENT DEFAULT IN A MULTI-DRUG RESISTANT UNIT OF LIMPOPO PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):55-65. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Public Health, University of Venda.

Background: The increasing prevalence and incidence of Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is as a result of the defaulting of treatment by patients. Worldwide, several factors that contribute to patients defaulting to tuberculosis treatment protocol have been identified. This paper aims to develop guidelines to minimise the defaulting rate of MDR-TB patients in MDR unit of Limpopo Province. Read More

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http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085734PMC
June 2018
17 Reads

BIOIMPEDANCE MARKERS AND TUBERCULOSIS OUTCOME AMONG HIV-INFECTED PATIENTS.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):47-54. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Program in Global Disease Epidemiology and Control, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.

Background: The changes in body composition markers (weight, fat mass, lean mass, and BMI) over time can be associated with TB treatment outcome among HIV-infected patients. The aim of this study was to investigate whether changes in fat mass and lean mass were associated with the treatment response among patients with HIV infection and pulmonary tuberculosis.

Materials And Methods: This was a prospective cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085739PMC

DETECTION OF HUMAN HERPESVIRUS-8 ANTIGEN IN HIV-INFECTED PATIENTS IN EAST JAVA, INDONESIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):43-46. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Universitas Airlangga Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Background: Co-infection of human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) in HIV-positive people might cause Kaposi's sarcoma. Early detection of HHV-8 may prevent the onset of clinical manifestations. In Indonesia, detection of HHV-8 antigen in HIV-positive patients has yet to be reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085735PMC

SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISM OF GENE OF COMPLEX ISOLATES FROM SUSPECTED PULMONARY TB PATIENTS IN SURABAYA INDONESIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):37-42. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Background: Complex (MTBC) is a group of Mycobacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). TB is an infectious disease that remains a global health problem. Indonesia is one of the five countries in the world where TB is the most prevalent and became the country with tle second largest rate of TB in 2014 and 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085738PMC
June 2018
1 Read

CLINICAL PRESENTATION OF HIV-INFECTED PATIENTS IN A PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL IN SOUTH AFRICA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):29-36. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Psychiatry, Weskoppies Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X323, Arcadia 0007, South Africa.

Background: Africa is profoundly stricken by the HIV pandemic. People living with HIV/AIDS are more likely to be diagnosed with psychiatric disorders than the general population. We describe the prevalence of different mood and psychiatric disorders in HIV/AIDS infected patients with serious mental illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085737PMC
June 2018
1 Read

INTESTINAL PARASITES, NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND COGNITIVE FUNCTION AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN ILE-IFE, OSUN STATE, NIGERIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):21-28. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Medical Microbiology/Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife.

Background: Intestinal parasites are a cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world particularly in developing countries and they are common health problems of children. This study determined the prevalence of intestinal parasites among primary school children, assessed risk factors predisposing to infection and the nutritional status with cognitive function of the pupils.

Materials And Methods: It was a cross sectional study and 384 pupils from six public primary schools in Ile-Ife were enrolled. Read More

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http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085742PMC
June 2018
23 Reads

CARRIAGE OF MULTI-DRUG RESISTANT UROBACTERIA BY ASYMPTOMATIC PREGNANT WOMEN IN YENAGOA, BAYELSA STATE, NIGERIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):14-20. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology & Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.

Background: Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) in pregnancy are associated with significant morbidity for both mother and baby but its early detection and treatments can prevent unfavorable complications in pregnancy. This study therefore determined the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria and antimicrobial resistance profile of the urinary bacteria among pregnant women in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.

Materials And Methods: Mid-stream urine samples were collected from 201 apparently healthy pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Yenagoa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085741PMC
June 2018
8 Reads

PREVALENCE OF SPP. AMONG ASYMPTOMATIC HEALTHY EXPATRIATE WORKERS IN SHARJAH, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):7-13. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

University of Venda, Department of Microbiology, Thohoyandou, South Africa.

Background: Epidemiological data on infections in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is scarce. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of species among a community of expatriates in Sharjah, UAE working in different sectors, including the food industry, house maids and other domestic occupations.

Materials And Methods: One hundred and thirty four stool samples were collected from asymptomatic individuals presenting to the Sharjah Municipality Public Health Clinic (SMPHC) for screening of intestinal parasites for work permission purposes between 2009 and 2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085736PMC
June 2018
13 Reads

DETECTION OF WATER-BORNE PARASITES IN DRINKING WATER OF BAGHDAD, IRAQ.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 18;12(2):1-6. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Ministry of Science and Technology, Directorate of Water and Environment, Iraq.

Background: Within the past few decades, there has been an increase in the number of water-borne disease outbreaks and emergence of newly recognized waterborne parasites. Several factors which contribute to the spread of these diseases include: water, heavy rains and agricultural residues which transfer the parasites to water surface from the soil. The aim of this study was to detect the presence of parasites in the river and drinking water of Al-Wahdaa and Al-Rasheed Drinking Project and household water tanks from some regions of Baghdad. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i2.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085744PMC

ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF IN PIGS AS ZOONOTIC DISEASE IN ENDEMIC AREAS OF EAST JAVA, INDONESIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):148-151. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Basic Medicine Veterinary, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, C Campus UNAIR, Jl. Mulyorejo Surabaya 60115 Indonesia.

Background: Brucellosis in pigs at East Java Indonesia has not only cause great economic losses due to a decrease in productivity of livestock but also are zoonotic. Infection on free brucelosis pigs were initially begun with the infected pigs both male and female, or the use of superior male pigs together. The elimination of the disease either on a group or population is considered as the most effective way to prevent the spread of the disease in pigs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.22DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876769PMC
March 2018
8 Reads

IN SILICO SCREENING AND BIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF THE COMPOUNDS OF LEAVES EXTRACT AS INTERFERON GAMMA INDUCER: A STUDY OF ANTI HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) DEVELOPMENT.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):140-147. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Institute of Tropical Disease Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Background: Burm f. (Achanthaceae) has been known as traditional medicine in Indonesia. It contains of flavonoids and alkaloids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.21DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876776PMC
March 2018
9 Reads

EFFECT OF VARYING INCUBATION PERIODS ON CYTOTOXICITY AND VIRUCIDAL ACTIVITIES OF Burm.f. LEAF EXTRACT ON HIV-INFECTED MOLT-4 CELLS.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):133-139. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia.

Backgrounds: Burm.f. has an anti-HIV activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876775PMC
March 2018
11 Reads

CLONING AND EXPRESSION OF MCE1A GENE FROM BEIJING AND H37RV STRAIN FOR VACCINE CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):127-132. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Tuberculosis remains the leading cause of death in the world, especially wherever poverty, malnutrition and poor housing prevail. Beijing strain is the most common strain that causes tuberculosis in Indonesia. The wide spread of tuberculosis has been further aggravated by HIV-AIDS and drug resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876784PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

COMPARISON OF MULTIPLEX SINGLE ROUND PCR AND MICROSCOPY IN DIAGNOSIS OF AMOEBIASIS.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):120-126. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Background: Amoebiasis, the cause of dysentery and extra-intestinal abscesses, now becomes second fatal parasitic disease in the world. As routine microscopic diagnosis cannot differentiate causative from non-pathogenic and , better diagnosis has to be searched.

Materials And Methods: Multiplex single round PCR was tested and compared with results of microscopy of wet preparation on 30 samples of diarrheic stools and extra intestinal lesions from amoebiasis suspected patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876774PMC

A NEW COPPER (II)-IMIDAZOLE DERIVATIVE EFFECTIVELY INHIBITS REPLICATION OF DENV-2 IN VERO CELL.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):116-119. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Dengue Study Group, Institute of Tropical Disease, Airlangga University, Kampus C Jl. Mulyorejo, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia, 60115.

Background: Dengue is a kind of infectious disease that was distributed in the tropical and sub-tropical areas. To date, there is no clinically approved dengue vaccine or antiviral for humans, even though there have been great efforts towards this end. Therefore, finding the effective compound against dengue virus (DENV) replication is very important. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876766PMC
March 2018
4 Reads

DETERMINATION OF EFFECTIVE DOSE OF ANTIMALARIAL FROM LEAF ETHANOL EXTRACT IN -INFECTED MICE.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):110-115. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Departement of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Background: The preliminary study on antimalarial activity of the ethanol extract of leaves against has been carried out by experiment. It was demonstrated that ethanol extract of leaves could inhibit growth of rodent malaria parasite by 59.29 % (at a dose of 100 mg/kg bodyweight). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876781PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

EVALUATION OF THE ANTIGENICITY AND IMMUNOGENICITY OF BY REPRODUCTIVE INDEX AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL CHANGES OF CECAL COCCIDIOSIS VIRULENT LIVE VACCINE IN BROILER CHICKENS.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):104-110. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Background: The development of vaccine to control coccidiosis caused by () in chickens is intensifying because of the increasing threat of drug resistance to anticoccidial agents. It is important, therefore, to develop a reliable standard method for the assessment of vaccine afficacy particularly antigenicity and immunogenicity become crucial. Evaluation of antigenicity and immunogenicity to some low doses can be reflected by reproductive index and histopathological changes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876782PMC
March 2018
5 Reads

COMPARISON OF ANTI BACTERIAL EFFICACY OF PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY AND DOXYCYCLINE ON AGGREGATIBACTER ACTINOMYCETEMCOMITANS.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):95-103. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University, Indonesia.

Background: () is an anaerobic bacterium has been frequently associated with aggressive periodontitis. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a medical treatment to prevent infection progression that utilizes light to activate a photosensitizing agent. Doxycycline is an antibacterial having photosensitivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876780PMC

RISK FACTORS OF VULVOVAGINAL CANDIDIASIS IN DERMATO-VENEREOLOGY OUTPATIENTS CLINIC OF SOETOMO GENERAL HOSPITAL, SURABAYA, INDONESIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):90-94. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Background: Vulvovaginal Candidiasis (VVC) is one-third of vaginitis case. About 75% of women will have at least one episode of VVC. Complication of VVC can be unfavorable to impact the patient's quality of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.13DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876779PMC
March 2018
29 Reads

CONCOMITANT SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES IN PATIENTS WITH DIAGNOSED HIV/AIDS: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):83-89. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine-Institute of Tropical Disease-Universitas Airlangga Hospital, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya 60286, Indonesia.

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) which weaken the human immune system and thus increasing the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and vice versa.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective study of STIs in HIV/AIDS patients in (UPIPI) Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya was conducted from January 1 2013 to December 31 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876770PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

SEROPREVALENCE AND RISK FACTOR OF TOXOPLASMOSIS IN SCHIZOPHRENIA PATIENTS REFERRED TO GRHASIA PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL, YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):76-82. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Departement of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by protozoan parasite called . is an intracellular protozoan parasite belong to phylum Apicomplexa, is an obligate parasite in mammals. The active proliferating trophozoites or tachyzoites are usually seen in the acute stage of infection, while the resting bradyzoites formed tissue cysts are primary found in muscle and brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.11DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876771PMC
March 2018
6 Reads

ADDITION OF ANTI- MEMBRANE IMMUNOGLOBULIN Y TO REDUCE NECROTIC INDEX IN MICE'S LIVER.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):72-75. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Toxoplasma Study Group, Institute of Tropical Disease, Airlangga University - Surabaya.

Background: The study aimes to determine the effect of administering anti- membrane IgY against liver damage (Necrotic index) and the effectiveness of the antibody's delivery time.

Materials And Methods: This research was a laboratory experiment with five treatments and five replicantions. Each treatment used female mice () as animal models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876783PMC

INCREASED APOPTOSIS SKULL OF PUPS BORN TO -INFECTED MICE ASSOCIATED WITH INCREASED EXPRESSION OF INTERFERON GAMMA, BUT NOT TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR ALFA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):68-71. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia.

Bacground: is an intracellular obligate protozoan parasite that infects most warm-blooded animals including humans. It can cause congenital infection with clinical symptoms ranging from mild to severe including microcephaly. At the cellular level, infection causes apoptosis in some tissues and it is induced by proinflammatory cytokines, such as IFN-γ and TNF-α. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876786PMC
March 2018
5 Reads

ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF EXTRACTS ON METHICILLIN-RESISTANT (MRSA) AND MULTIPLE DRUG RESISTANCE (MDR).

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):62-67. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Mulawarman University, Samarinda, Indonesia.

Background: , methicillin-resistant and , multidrug-resistant included in the list of antibiotic-resistant priority pathogens from WHO. As multidrug-resistant bacteria problem is increasing, it is necessary to probe new sources for identifying antimicrobial compounds. Medicinal plants represent a rich source of antimicrobial agents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876787PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

THE ROLE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING IN BOOSTING IMMUNE RESPONSE: AN OPTIMAL EFFORT FOR TACKLING INFECTION.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):54-61. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Psychology, Universitas Trunojoyo, Bangkalan 69162, Indonesia.

Background: Many attempts have been made to improve human body resistance towards infection. These attempts were exemplified by promotion of hygiene and the use of antiseptic ingredients, pharmaceutical compounds, and vaccines. To prove an aspect which intentionally less explored was attempt to boosting the host immune responses by creating a psychological balance, which was important aspect of psychological well-being. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876785PMC

CD4+ AND CD8+ T-CELLS EXPRESSING INTERFERON GAMMA IN ACTIVE PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):49-53. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Pulmonology and Respiration Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga-Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is a global health problem. Immune response through CD4 and CD8 T cells is needed to produce Interferon gamma (IFN-γ), a cytokine eliminate . We aimed to compare the cellular immune response based on the percentage of CD4 and CD8 T cells expressing interferon gamma in active pulmonary tuberculosis patients before and after 2 months of tuberculosis treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876778PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

SP.S-11 PHAGOCYTOTIC ACTIVITY ON IN DIFFERENT NUTRIENT CONDITIONS.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):44-48. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Leprosy Study Group, Institute of Tropical Disease, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia.

Background: () is a pathogenic bacterium that causes leprosy. The presence of in the environment is supported by microorganisms that act as the new host for . 's potential to be a host of in the environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876777PMC
March 2018
1 Read

ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY OF Burm.f. LEAVES AGAINST HIV-INFECTED MT-4 CELLS.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):36-43. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Backgrounds: Burm.f. has been known to have anti-HIV activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876772PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

DETERMINATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING DENGUE INCIDENCE IN SLEMAN DISTRICT, YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):13-25. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia.

Background: Dengue is a disease related to the environment that spreads rapidly. Prevention movement is considered ineffective; therefore, a more efficient early warning system is required. It is required strongly correlated variables to as predictor in early warning system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2101/Ajid.12v1S.3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876768PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

GENOTYPING OF HUMAN PAPPILOMAVIRUS IN CERVICAL PRECANCEROUS LESION AND SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA AT DR. SOETOMO HOSPITAL, SURABAYA, INDONESIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):7-12. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Anatomic Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya 60131, Indonesia.

Background: Cervical cancer caused by human papilloma virus (HPV), is the second most common cancer for women. This cancer is distributed worldwide, with ~80% of cases are found in the developing countries. In Indonesia, data of HPV genotypes are still limited and do not represent all regions of the country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/Ajid.12v1S.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876767PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

STUDIES ON HEME OXYGENASE-1 AND P24 ANTIGEN HIV-1 LEVEL AFTERHYPERBARIC OXYGEN TREATMENTOFHIV-1 INFECTED ON PERIPHERAL BLOOD MONONUCLEAR CELLS (PBMCS).

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 7;12(1 Suppl):1-6. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of HIV, Institute of Tropical Disease, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Background: Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a protein secreted by immune cells as a part of immune response mechanism.HO-1 can be induced by variety agents that causingoxidative stress, such as exposure to 100% oxygenat2,4 ATA pressure.It plays a vital role in maintaining cellular homeostasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/Ajid.12v1S.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5876773PMC

INCIDENCE OF MALARIA/TYPHOID CO-INFECTION AMONG ADULT POPULATION IN UNWANA COMMUNITY, AFIKPO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, EBONYI STATE, SOUTHEASTERN NIGERIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 15;12(1):33-38. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Benue State University, Makurdi.

Background: Malaria and typhoid fever are two leading infections of poverty with serious health and socioeconomic impacts, and due to their geographical overlap, co-infections are very common. Their mimicking symptomatology often present with gross misdiagnosis and mistreatment. This study was carried out to determine the incidence of malaria and typhoid co-infections among adult population in Unwana Community, Afikpo-North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i1.6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5733254PMC
November 2017
2 Reads

DETECTION OF CANINE PARVOVIRUS ANTIGEN IN DOGS IN KUMASI, GHANA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 15;12(1):28-32. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

School of Veterinary Medicine, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Background: Canine Parvovirus (CPV) in dogs has been documented in many countries. However, evidence of the infection is scanty in Ghana. This study was conducted to detect canine parvovirus antigen in dogs presented with diarrhoea to the Government Veterinary Clinic in Kumasi, Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i1.5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5733252PMC
November 2017

HOSPITAL- AND COMMUNITY- BASED SURVEILLANCE OF ZIKA AND DENGUE VIRUSES IN INDONESIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 15;12(1):20-27. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Universitas Airlangga Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Background: Zika virus remained silent for few decades after its first recognition in 1947. Recently, Zika drew global attention due to the outbreak in Pacific island and Latin Americas. The concern was escalating given the shared vector of Zika and dengue with possible deleterious complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i1.4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5733255PMC
November 2017
2 Reads

COMMUNITY ACQUIRED PNEUMOCOCCAL PNEUMONIA IN NORTHWESTERN NIGERIA: EPIDEMIOLOGY, ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE AND OUTCOME.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 15;12(1):15-19. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Department of medicine, College of Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano. Kano, Nigeria.

Background: Pneumococcus is the leading cause of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) worldwide, and the leading cause of mortality. Pneumococcal pneumonia is poorly studied in Nigeria. We describe the epidemiology including associated co-morbidities and outcome of pneumococcal pneumonia in North-western Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i1.3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5733253PMC
November 2017
6 Reads

VESTIBULAR FUNCTION IN A GROUP OF ADULTS WITH HIV/AIDS ON HAART.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 15;12(1):7-14. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, School of Human and Community Development, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: The high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and the established otological manifestations of the disease have important implications for research into vestibular function in this population.

Materials And Methods: The main aim of the current study was to investigate and monitor the vestibular status in a group of adult patients with AIDS receiving Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) and other therapies in a hospital outpatient clinic in Gauteng, South Africa. The study was exploratory and observational in nature, with repeated measures in the form of pre- and post-treatment survey; and a control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i1.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5733256PMC
November 2017
2 Reads

BURDEN AND DETERMINANT FACTORS OF ANEMIA AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN NORTHWEST ETHIOPIA: A COMPARATIVE CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY.

Afr J Infect Dis 2018 15;12(1):1-6. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Department of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Background: Anemia is an indicator of both poor nutrition and health. In low-income countries like Ethiopia, the prevalence of anemia remains high due to several determinant factors. There is a lack of regular surveillance system to determine the magnitude of anemia among school age children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v12i1.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5733257PMC
November 2017
6 Reads

SEROLOGICAL SURVEY OF TOXOPLASMOSIS, NEOSPOROSIS AND BRUCELLOSIS AMONG CATTLE HERDS IN OYO STATE, SOUTH-WESTERN NIGERIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2017 8;11(2):95-101. Epub 2017 Jun 8.

Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Facutlty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Several zoonotic diseases are known to constitute great impediment to livestock management and production worldwide, especially in developing countries where control measures are largely non-existent. This study sets out to investigate the occurrence of toxoplasmosis, neosporosis and brucellosis among cattle herds in Oyo State, southwest Nigeria.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional survey to screen for antibodies to , and was conducted among 174 cattle in 17 herds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v11i2.13DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5476819PMC
June 2017
70 Reads

DIAGNOSIS OF ORF IN WEST AFRICAN DWARF GOATS IN UYO, AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2017 8;11(2):90-94. Epub 2017 Jun 8.

Viral Research Division, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Nigeria.

Background: Sixty (60) male West African Dwarf goats were reported with clinical signs of enlarged lymph nodes, scabs on the mouth, nose and ears. Two of the goats died and post mortem examination reveals enlarged submandibular lymph nodes and vesicular lesions on the tongue. Clinical diagnosis of Orf has been reported in Nigeria but this report is the confirmatory diagnosis of Orf in a suspected outbreak in an experimental farm in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria using molecular techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v11i2.12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5476818PMC
June 2017
3 Reads

CARRIAGE OF MULTIDRUG RESISTANT ENTEROCOCCUS FAECIUM AND ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS AMONG APPARENTLY HEALTHY HUMANS.

Afr J Infect Dis 2017 8;11(2):83-89. Epub 2017 Jun 8.

Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Background: Enterococci are indigenous flora of the gastro-intestinal tracts of animals and humans. Recently, interest in two major species, and , has heightened because of their ability to cause serious infections and their intrinsic resistance to antimicrobials. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence of . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v11i2.11DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5476817PMC
June 2017
7 Reads

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH TB/HIV CO-INFECTION AMONG DRUG SENSITIVE TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS MANAGED IN A SECONDARY HEALTH FACILITY IN LAGOS, NIGERIA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2017 8;11(2):75-82. Epub 2017 Jun 8.

Mainland Hospital, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.

Background: This study assessed factors associated with TB/HIV co-infection among TB patients managed in a secondary health facility in Lagos Nigeria.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review of treatment cards of patients seen at a secondary referral hospital between January 1 2014 and December 31 2014 was conducted. Treatment outcomes and factors associated with TB/HIV co-infection were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v11i2.10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5476816PMC
June 2017
9 Reads