156 results match your criteria African journal of disability[Journal]


Funding and inclusion in higher education institutions for students with disabilities.

Afr J Disabil 2019 29;8(0):336. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Political and International Studies, Rhodes University, South Africa.

Background: Historically, challenges faced by students with disabilities (SWDs) in accessing higher education institutions (HEIs) were attributed to limited public funding. The introduction of progressive funding models such as disability scholarships served to widen access to, and participation in, higher education for SWDs. However, recent years have seen these advances threatened by funding cuts and privatisation in higher education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.336DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424000PMC
January 2019

Pastoral ministry and persons with disabilities: The case of the Apostolic Faith Mission in Zimbabwe.

Authors:
Nomatter Sande

Afr J Disabil 2019 20;8:431. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Religion and Social Transformation, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Background: The Persons with Disability (PWD) are the minority group dehumanized in the church. The subject of disability is complicated because of the impact of the Judeo-Christian teachings. The Apostolic Faith Mission (AFM) in Zimbabwe is a leading Pentecostal church with a pastoral ministry theology which emphasises divine healing, miracles, signs and wonders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.431DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424001PMC
February 2019

Current access and recruitment practices in nursing education institutions in KwaZulu-Natal: A case study of student nurses with disabilities.

Afr J Disabil 2019 20;8:429. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Background: While institutions of higher education may have increased access and accommodation for students with disabilities, institutions primarily providing nurse training in South Africa do not mirror the same practice.

Objectives: Notwithstanding the integration of disability policies enacted in South Africa in 2010, a majority of people with disabilities are still excluded from the activities of society equally applicable to nursing education. This article describes the current access and recruitment practices for student nurses with disabilities (SNWDs) in nursing education institutions in KwaZulu-Natal to provide baseline data, which is largely absent in nursing institutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.429DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423999PMC
February 2019

Improvements in health-related quality of life and function in middle-aged women with chronic diseases of lifestyle after participating in a non-pharmacological intervention programme: A pragmatic randomised controlled trial.

Afr J Disabil 2019 25;8:428. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Division of Physiotherapy, Department of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Musculoskeletal diseases consume a large amount of health and social resources and are a major cause of disability in both low- and high-income countries. In addition, patients frequently present with co-morbid chronic diseases of lifestyle. The area of musculoskeletal disease is restricted by a lack of epidemiological knowledge, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Read More

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https://ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/428
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.428DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424002PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Ubuntu considered in light of exclusion of people with disabilities.

Afr J Disabil 2018 29;7:460. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

College of Graduate Studies, University of South Africa, South Africa.

Background: This article emanates from a study funded by the KwaZulu-Natal chapter of South Africa's National Research Foundation on the 'Archaeology of Ubuntu'. It explores the notion of ubuntu and disability in a group of Zulu people from four communities within KwaZulu-Natal. The study is based on the notion that ubuntu is humaneness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.460DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295799PMC
November 2018

Exploring the concerns of persons with disabilities in Western Zambia.

Afr J Disabil 2018 29;7:446. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

International Centre for Disability and Rehabilitation, University of Toronto, Canada.

Background: Understandings of disability are rooted in contexts. Despite the world's significant contextual diversity, postcolonial power dynamics allow influential actors from the global North to imagine that most people across the global South understand disability in one generalised way. When it informs programmes and services for persons with disabilities in the global South, this imagining of a single generalised view could reduce effectiveness while further marginalising the people for whom the programmes and services were designed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.446DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295753PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The impact of stroke on people living in central Uganda: A descriptive study.

Afr J Disabil 2018 29;7:438. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Neurobiology Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.

Background: Knowledge about perceived impact of stroke on everyday life as well as rehabilitation needs after stroke in Uganda is necessary to identify and develop rehabilitation interventions.

Objectives: To explore and describe clinical characteristics and functioning during the acute or subacute phase and chronic phase, as well as the impact of stroke on everyday life during the chronic phase in stroke survivors in central Uganda.

Method: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted on a consecutively included acute or subacute ( = 58) sample and a chronic ( = 62) sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.438DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295757PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Investigating barriers teachers face in the implementation of inclusive education in high schools in Gege branch, Swaziland.

Afr J Disabil 2018 6;7:391. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of ABET and Youth Development, University of South Africa, South Africa.

Background: The kingdom of Swaziland is a signatory to policies on universal education that ensure high quality basic education for all. Education for All is a commitment to provide equal opportunities for all children and the youth as provided for in the country's constitution of 2005. The tone for the introduction of inclusive education in Swaziland was inevitably set by the new constitution of 2005. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.391DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295749PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Part 2: The feasibility of utilising photovoice method and the World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument in evaluating the Community-Based Rehabilitation programme in Namibia: A pilot study.

Afr J Disabil 2018 1;7(0):419. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Discipline of Public Health Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Background: Evaluation of Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) programmes in Namibia has been primarily quantitative, focusing mainly on outputs, including numbers of persons with disabilities served, referrals made and activities implemented. Little or no evidence is available on experiences and quality of life of persons with disabilities, despite the CBR programme being operational for more than 20 years. The 2011 World Report on Disability recommended the use of appropriate tools to fill the research gap by integrating the experiences of persons with disabilities and their quality of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.419DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6244371PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Part 1: A review of using photovoice as a disability research method: Implications for eliciting the experiences of persons with disabilities on the Community Based Rehabilitation programme in Namibia.

Afr J Disabil 2018 1;7(0):418. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Discipline of Public Health Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Background: Although the Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) programme in Namibia was formally adopted in 1997, the effectiveness of the programme, including the experiences of persons with disabilities on the programme, has not been assessed to date.

Objectives: To explore the need for a qualitative evaluation tool for the CBR programme that can elicit the experiences of persons with disabilities.

Methods: A scoping review was conducted on the use of photovoice as a disability research method and its potential use in eliciting the experiences of persons with disabilities participating in the CBR programme. Read More

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http://www.ajod.org/index.php/AJOD/article/view/418
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.418DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6244197PMC
November 2018
28 Reads

The carry-over effect of an aquatic-based intervention in children with cerebral palsy.

Afr J Disabil 2018 29;7(0):361. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Discipline of Biokinetics, Exercise and Leisure Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Background: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common motor disability in childhood. Children with CP are more likely to have lower levels of physical activity than their peers, which has negative implications for their health. However, aquatic exercise can be used to improve levels of fitness among children with CP. Read More

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https://ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/361
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.361DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6244299PMC
October 2018
15 Reads

Parents of children with disabilities: A systematic review of parenting interventions and self-efficacy.

Afr J Disabil 2018 17;7:437. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: An increasing body of empirical evidence suggests that early intervention has positive outcomes for parents of children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. Parental self-efficacy has been used as an outcome measure in some empirical studies; however, there is a lack of evidence of the impact of parent training programmes on parenting self-efficacy beliefs.

Objectives: This systematic review sought to assess the effectiveness of parenting interventions to increase parental self-efficacy levels in parents of young children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.437DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6244143PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Perceptions and satisfaction of caregivers regarding rehabilitation services from selected rehabilitation centres in the Western Cape.

Afr J Disabil 2018 25;7:415. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Faculty of Community and Health Sciences, University of the Western Cape, South Africa.

Background: Understanding caregivers' views on rehabilitation services is important as it may assist in informing healthcare services and patient management.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore caregivers' perceptions and satisfaction regarding rehabilitation services in the Western Cape, South Africa, and to inform clinical practice and policy in this emerging field.

Method: This study used a descriptive, qualitative design using in-depth interviews with conveniently selected participants. Read More

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http://www.ajod.org/index.php/AJOD/article/view/415
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.415DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6244064PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

Implementation of the 2006 Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Zimbabwe: A review.

Afr J Disabil 2018 22;7:389. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Nehanda Centre for Gender and Cultural Studies, Great Zimbabwe University, Zimbabwe.

Background: The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities came into place in 2006, as the main instrument for advancing the human rights of persons with disabilities. For many African states, the Convention came amidst ubiquitous marginalisation and discrimination of persons with disabilities. As expected, the Convention has been hailed as a landmark in the struggle to reframe the needs and concerns of persons with disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.389DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6244346PMC
October 2018

Support to address barriers to learning for learners who are deaf.

Afr J Disabil 2018 22;7:381. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Psychology of Education, University of South Africa, South Africa.

Background: There is great importance in support services for successfully addressing the barriers to learning optimally or learners who are deaf. The study, though conducted in South Africa, has national and international appeal.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to identify educator reflections on support services needed for them to address barriers to learning of learners who are deaf. Read More

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https://ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/381
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.381DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6244420PMC
October 2018
15 Reads

The relationship between social support and participation in stroke: A systematic review.

Afr J Disabil 2018 10;7:357. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Faculty of Community and Health Sciences, University of the Western Cape, South Africa.

Background: The incidence of cerebrovascular accidents with its devastating effects on individuals is increasing. Post-stroke, restrictions in participation are common and social support could have an influence on this. Social support provided to individuals post-stroke is vital, but the relationship between social support and participation is not well understood. Read More

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http://www.ajod.org/index.php/AJOD/article/view/357
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.357DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191741PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Deafening silence on a vital issue: The World Health Organization has ignored the sexuality of persons with disabilities.

Authors:
Christine Peta

Afr J Disabil 2018 16;7:474. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Centre for Rehabilitation Studies, Department of Global Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.

In 2016, the World Health Organization, through the Global Cooperation on Assistive Technology Initiative, issued the Priority Assistive Products List which is meant to be a guide to member states of the 50 assistive products needed for a basic health care and/or social welfare system; it is also a model from which nations can develop their national priority assistive products lists. The aim of this opinion paper is to share my views about the Priority Assistive Products List on the grounds that it makes no distinct mention of sexual assistive devices, yet research has indicated that sexuality is an area of great concern for persons with disabilities. In any case, sexuality forms a core part of being human, and it impacts on both the physical and mental well-being of all human beings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.474DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111449PMC

Analysing disability policy in Namibia: An occupational justice perspective.

Afr J Disabil 2018 31;7:401. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Canadian Disability Policy Alliance, Canada.

Background: The Namibian disability policy of 1997 has not been reviewed for about 20 years, which has raised concerns with persons with disabilities and stakeholders in the fields of disability and rehabilitation. In March 2017, the government publicised its intention to review the policy. Thus, this study's purpose was to generate evidence that can contribute to the development of a more current disability policy that will promote occupational justice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.401DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111379PMC
July 2018
9 Reads

Preferred rehabilitation setting among stroke survivors in Nigeria and associated personal factors.

Afr J Disabil 2018 17;7:352. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Medical Rehabilitation (Physiotherapy), University of Maiduguri, Nigeria.

Background: Incorporating patients' preferences in the care they receive is an important component of evidence-based practice and patient-centred care.

Objective: This study assessed stroke patients' preferences regarding rehabilitation settings.

Methods: A cross-sectional design was used to examine preferences of stroke patients receiving physiotherapy at three hospitals in Northern Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.352DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111380PMC
July 2018
22 Reads

The effect of synchronised metronome training: A case study in a single leg, below knee Paralympic sprinter.

Afr J Disabil 2018 23;7:367. Epub 2018 May 23.

Centre for Human Performance Science, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.

Background: To optimise sprint performance, one needs to understand how motor control affects motor performance. Researchers have proposed that the Dynamic Systems Theory be adopted for explaining motor performance, skill acquisition and the development of pedagogical methods. Within this theory, the individual is seen as a complex system that functions as the interaction of many sub-systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.367DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6018381PMC
May 2018
3 Reads

Simple ideas that work: Celebrating development in persons with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities.

Afr J Disabil 2018 5;7:273. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

The Chaeli Campaign, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: The purpose of this article is to share some lessons learnt by an interdisciplinary therapy team working with persons with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD), implemented in diverse, low-income contexts over a period of 8 years.

Objectives: The objective of all the activities described here was to provide increased stimulation and development opportunities for persons with PIMD within different settings (day care centre, residential centre or family home).

Method: We used an iterative action-learning approach where we applied existing evidence in the given context, reflected on and adapted strategies in collaboration with stakeholders on a cyclical basis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.273DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6018616PMC

The benefits of hydrotherapy to patients with spinal cord injuries.

Afr J Disabil 2018 16;7(0):450. Epub 2018 May 16.

School of Biokinetics Recreation and Sport, Physical Activity Sport and Recreation (PhASRec), North-West University, South Africa.

Background: Many patients with spinal cord injury (PWSCI) lead sedentary lifestyles, experiencing poor quality of life and medical challenges. PWSCI don't like to participate in land-based-exercises because it's tedious to perform the same exercises, decreasing their rehabilitative compliance and negatively impacting their well-being. An alternative exercise environment and exercises may alleviate boredom, enhancing compliance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.450DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5968875PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Intellectual disability rights and inclusive citizenship in South Africa: What can a scoping review tell us?

Afr J Disabil 2018 25;7:396. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Department of Psychology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.

Background: Intellectual disability (ID) is the most prevalent disability in the world. People with intellectual disability (PWID) frequently experience extreme violations of numerous human rights. Despite greater prevalence in South Africa than in high-income countries, most ID research currently comes from the Global North. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.396DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5968870PMC

Hearing children of Deaf parents: Gender and birth order in the delegation of the interpreter role in culturally Deaf families.

Afr J Disabil 2018 30;7:365. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, School of Human and Community Development, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa.

Background: Culturally, hearing children born to Deaf parents may have to mediate two different positions within the hearing and Deaf cultures. However, there appears to be little written about the experiences of hearing children born to Deaf parents in the South African context.

Objective: This study sought to investigate the roles of children of Deaf adults (CODAs) as interpreters in Deaf-parented families, more specifically, the influence of gender and birth order in language brokering. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.365DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5968869PMC

Lessons from the pilot of a mobile application to map assistive technology suppliers in Africa.

Afr J Disabil 2018 29;7:422. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

Centre for Rehabilitation Studies, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.

A pilot project to develop and implement a mobile smartphone application (App) that tracks and maps assistive technology (AT) availability in southern Africa was launched in Botswana in 2016. The App was developed and tested through an iterative process. The concept of the App (AT-Info-Map) was well received by most stakeholders within the pilot country, and broader networks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.422DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5913770PMC
March 2018
5 Reads

'How deep are your pockets?' Autoethnographic reflections on the cost of raising a child with autism.

Afr J Disabil 2018 27;7:356. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Department of Religious Studies and Arabic, University of South Africa, South Africa.

Background: In this article, we reflected on our experience of the cost of parenting a child with autism, including our ongoing search for educational and therapeutic intervention.

Objectives: We aimed to give an academic insight into the state of autism education and care in South Africa as seen by us, with special attention to its cost and sustainability.

Methods: Using evocative autoethnography as storied scholarship together with critical autism studies, we reflected on stories of the past 5 years since our son's diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.356DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5913784PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Communication rehabilitation in sub-Saharan Africa: The role of speech and language therapists.

Afr J Disabil 2018 12;7:338. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Health Professions Department, Manchester Metropolitan University, United Kingdom.

Background: Workforce factors present a significant barrier to the development of rehabilitation services for people with communication disabilities in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Exploring how the work of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the region is organised and delivered can provide insight into existing services, areas for future workforce development and improved rehabilitation access for people with communication disability.

Objectives: This paper describes the employment and service provision patterns and work roles of a sample of SLTs in SSA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.338DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5913782PMC
April 2018
2 Reads

The postural stability of children with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders during one-leg stance: A feasibility study.

Afr J Disabil 2018 29;7:319. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

Division of Physiotherapy, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.

Background: Postural control may be impaired in children with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). The study assessed the protocol feasibility in terms of (1) recruiting children with FASD in a rural, small town; (2) using the measurement instruments in a real-life setting; (3) the one-leg standing (OLS) task and (4) presenting preliminary results on postural stability of children with and without FASD.

Methods: Nine-year-old children diagnosed with and without FASD were invited to participate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5913772PMC
March 2018
1 Read

An analysis of trunk kinematics and gait parameters in people with stroke.

Afr J Disabil 2018 29;7:310. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.

Background: Approximately two out of three people with stroke experience gait problems. Trunk movement control and symmetry is an important prerequisite for functional walking gait. Movement control, measured objectively as kinematics during walking gait, is rarely investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.310DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5913771PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

Dyslexic learners' experiences with their peers and teachers in special and mainstream primary schools in North-West Province.

Afr J Disabil 2018 5;7(0):363. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Department of Applied Languages, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa.

Background: Inclusive education requires that the framework within which education is delivered should be broad enough to accommodate equally the needs and circumstances of every learner in the society. This includes learners with disabilities like dyslexia who have been excluded from the formal education system. This article reports the findings of a qualitative study that explored and described the dyslexic learners' experiences with their peers and teachers in special and public schools in North-West Province of South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.363DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5843944PMC

'I felt pain. Deep pain…': Experiences of primary caregivers of stroke survivors with aphasia in a South African township.

Afr J Disabil 2018 8;7:368. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Department of Physiotherapy, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, South Africa.

Background: Aphasia is an acquired impairment in language and in the cognitive processes that underlie language. Aphasia affects the quality of life of the person with aphasia (PWA) and his or her families in various ways in diverse contexts and cultures. It is therefore important that speech language therapists understand how different contextual and cultural factors may mediate experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.368DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5843930PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

Editorial.

Afr J Disabil 2017 28;6:423. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

International Society of Wheelchair Professionals, University of Pittsburgh, United States.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.423DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5675921PMC
September 2017

Psychological well-being of adolescents with physical disabilities in Zimbabwean inclusive community settings: An exploratory study.

Afr J Disabil 2017 26;6:325. Epub 2017 Oct 26.

Department of Educational Psychology, University of Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological well-being of adolescents with physical disabilities living in inclusive community settings of Makonde Urban in Zimbabwe. An inclusive community is one that aims to remove exclusionary practices within the community and promote community systems that accept all people irrespective of their difference. Inclusive communities on their own are not uniquely designed for people with disabilities, but most developing countries have adopted them as a basic strategy to influence and enhance psychological well-being of people with disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.325DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5675918PMC
October 2017

Wheelchair services and use outcomes: A cross-sectional survey in Kenya and the Philippines.

Afr J Disabil 2017 20;6:318. Epub 2017 Oct 20.

Division of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Dalhousie University, Canada.

Background: The World Health Organisation recommends that services accompany wheelchair distribution. This study examined the relationship of wheelchair service provision in Kenya and the Philippines and wheelchair-use-related outcomes.

Method: We surveyed 852 adult basic manual wheelchair users. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.318DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5675920PMC
October 2017
2 Reads

Adaptation of the curriculum for the inclusion of learners with special education needs in selected primary schools in the Fort Beaufort District.

Afr J Disabil 2017 11;6:377. Epub 2017 Oct 11.

School of Further and Continuing Education, Faculty of Education, University of Fort Hare, South Africa.

Background: There is need for 'high-quality' teachers who are equipped to meet the needs of all learners through provision of education for an inclusive society according to equal opportunities to all.

Objective: This paper investigates pockets of good practice in the adaptation of the curriculum for the inclusion of learners with special education needs (SEN) in selected primary schools in the Fort Beaufort District.

Method: The study adopted a qualitative research approach and employed a case study design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.377DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5645573PMC
October 2017

Development of wheelchair caster testing equipment and preliminary testing of caster models.

Afr J Disabil 2017 28;6:358. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Human Engineering Research Laboratories, Department of Veterans Affairs, Pittsburgh, United States.

Background: Because of the adverse environmental conditions present in less-resourced environments (LREs), the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended that specialised wheelchair test methods may need to be developed to support product quality standards in these environments. A group of experts identified caster test methods as a high priority because of their common failure in LREs, and the insufficiency of existing test methods described in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Wheelchair Testing Standards (ISO 7176).

Objectives: To develop and demonstrate the feasibility of a caster system test method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.358DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5645576PMC
September 2017

Wheelchair accessibility to public buildings in the Kumasi metropolis, Ghana.

Afr J Disabil 2017 28;6:341. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana.

Background: Accessibility implies making public places accessible to every individual, irrespective of his or her disability or special need, ensuring the integration of the wheelchair user into the society and thereby granting them the capability of participating in activities of daily living and ensuring equality in daily life.

Objective: This study was carried out to assess the accessibility of the physical infrastructures (public buildings) in the Kumasi metropolis to wheelchairs after the passage of the (Act 716, 2006).

Methods: Eighty-four public buildings housing education facilities, health facilities, ministries, departments and agencies, sports and recreation, religious groups and banks were assessed. Read More

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http://www.ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/341
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5645565PMC
September 2017
20 Reads

The experiences and challenges faced by rehabilitation community service therapists within the South African Primary Healthcare health system.

Afr J Disabil 2017 26;6:311. Epub 2017 Sep 26.

Centre for Rehabilitation Studies, Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.

Background: Twenty-two years after the promulgation of a plethora of progressive health policies since 1994, the South African public health system reflects a number of stumbling blocks regarding implementation. Rehabilitation professionals are not sufficiently equipped nor allowed the opportunity to comprehensively implement Primary Healthcare (PHC) from a bottom-up approach, thus engaging communities. Training on addressing social health determinants and their impact on ill-health and health outcomes is inadequate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.311DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5645568PMC
September 2017
1 Read

People with disabilities and income-related social protection measures in South Africa: Where is the gap?

Afr J Disabil 2017 26;6:300. Epub 2017 Sep 26.

School of Accounting, Finance and Economics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Background: People with disabilities are at increased risk of poverty, particularly in low-and middle-income countries. However, recent evidence suggests that this association is more nuanced than previously anticipated and that we need better data to understand the opportunity and out-of-pocket costs that diverse groups of people with disabilities may experience.

Objective: This paper discusses if disability is associated with opportunity cost and loss of income both on the individual and household level in South Africa, and if these costs differ depending on disability type and severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.300DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5645570PMC
September 2017

'When he's up there he's just happy and content': Parents' perceptions of therapeutic horseback riding.

Afr J Disabil 2017 26;6:307. Epub 2017 Jul 26.

Department of Psychology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.

Background: There is limited global and South African research on parents' perceptions of therapeutic horseback riding (THR), as well as their perceptions of the effect of the activity on their children with disabilities.

Objective: To explore and describe parents' perceptions and experiences of THR as an activity for their children with disabilities.

Method: Twelve parents whose children attend THR lessons at the South African Riding for the Disabled Association in Cape Town were asked to participate in a semi-structured interview. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5566172PMC

Challenges faced by parents of children with learning disabilities in Opuwo, Namibia.

Afr J Disabil 2017 26;6:283. Epub 2017 Jul 26.

Department of Social Work and Criminology, University of Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: Parenting children with learning disabilities requires a high level of knowledge and access to resources, information and services. In developing countries, however, these resources and services are not always available. Parents in Namibia, a developing country, therefore face challenges addressing children's learning and other developmental disabilities, including challenges related to preventative and supportive interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.283DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5566178PMC
July 2017
3 Reads

The development and evaluation of content validity of the Zambia Spina Bifida Functional Measure: Preliminary studies.

Afr J Disabil 2017 24;6:264. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.

Background: Very little is known on outcome measures for children with spina bifida (SB) in Zambia. If rehabilitation professionals managing children with SB in Zambia and other parts of sub-Saharan Africa are to instigate measuring outcomes routinely, a tool has to be made available. The main objective of this study was to develop an appropriate and culturally sensitive instrument for evaluating the impact of the interventions on children with SB in Zambia. Read More

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http://www.ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/264
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5566225PMC
July 2017
4 Reads

Enhancing reading abilities of learners with intellectual impairments through computer technology.

Afr J Disabil 2017 24;6:206. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

Academic Literacy, Fundani, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, South Africa.

Background: Developments in the teaching of children with disabilities support pedagogy that emphasises learners' strengths as opposed to their assumed deficiencies. Educators and mediators who advocate this view continually strive for tools and methodologies that enhance learner participation in academic environments. Computer technology is one of the tools recognised for its potential to enrich learning experiences of learners with an intellectual impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5566159PMC

Development and evaluation of a wheelchair service provision training of trainers programme.

Afr J Disabil 2017 8;6:360. Epub 2017 Sep 8.

Human Engineering Research Laboratories, Department of Veterans Affairs, United States.

Background: In many countries, availability of basic training and continued professional development programmes in wheelchair services is limited. Therefore, many health professionals lack access to formal training opportunities and new approaches to improve wheelchair service provision. To address this need, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed the WHO Wheelchair Service Training of Trainers Programme (WSTPt), aiming to increase the number of trainers who are well prepared to deliver the WHO Wheelchair Service Training Packages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.360DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5594273PMC
September 2017
1 Read

Forgotten, excluded or included? Students with disabilities: A case study at the University of Mauritius.

Afr J Disabil 2017 29;6:359. Epub 2017 Aug 29.

College of Law and Management Studies, School of Management, Information Technology and Governance, Discipline of Information Systems and Technology, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Background: Students with disabilities in the tertiary education sector are more than a just a phenomenon, they are a reality. In general, little attention is devoted to their needs despite the fact that they need more care and attention.

Objectives: This paper, through a case study at the University of Mauritius, sought to answer some pertinent questions regarding students with disabilities. Read More

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http://www.ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/359
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.359DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5594265PMC
August 2017
4 Reads

A conceptual framework to assess effectiveness in wheelchair provision.

Afr J Disabil 2017 8;6:355. Epub 2017 Sep 8.

Social Media and Global Health, Lund University, Sweden.

Background: Currently, inadequate wheelchair provision has forced many people with disabilities to be trapped in a cycle of poverty and deprivation, limiting their ability to access education, work and social facilities. This issue is in part because of the lack of collaboration among various stakeholders who need to work together to design, manufacture and deliver such assistive mobility devices. This in turn has led to inadequate evidence about intervention effectiveness, disability prevalence and subsequent costeffectiveness that would help facilitate appropriate provision and support for people with disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.355DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5594267PMC
September 2017
55 Reads

Wheelchair users, access and exclusion in South African higher education.

Afr J Disabil 2017 8;6:353. Epub 2017 Sep 8.

Department of Political and International Studies, Rhodes University, South Africa.

Background: South Africa's Constitution guarantees everyone, including persons with disabilities, the right to education. A variety of laws are in place obliging higher education institutions to provide appropriate physical access to education sites for all. In practice, however, many buildings remain inaccessible to people with physical disabilities. Read More

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http://www.ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/353
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.353DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5594260PMC
September 2017
50 Reads

Motivation Peer Training - Bridging the gap for people with mobility disabilities.

Authors:
Lucy K Norris

Afr J Disabil 2017 8;6:350. Epub 2017 Sep 8.

Programme Development Department, Motivation Charitable Trust, United Kingdom.

Background: Only 2% of people with disabilities in developing countries have access to basic services and rehabilitation.

Objectives: To bridge this gap, Motivation has been running Peer Training activities since 1993 and has identified that there is a growing need for Peer Training. The overall aim of Peer Training is for wheelchair users (Peer Trainers) to provide others (with similar disabilities) with the relevant knowledge on health issues, rights and skills to achieve a basic level of independence and greater quality of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.350DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5594263PMC
September 2017
1 Read

Use of a design challenge to develop postural support devices for intermediate wheelchair users.

Afr J Disabil 2017 8;6:346. Epub 2017 Sep 8.

Monitoring Evaluation Research Unit, Jhpiego, Johns Hopkins University, Kenya.

The provision of an appropriate wheelchair, one that provides proper fit and postural support, promotes wheelchair users' physical health and quality of life. Many wheelchair users have postural difficulties, requiring supplemental postural support devices for added trunk support. However, in many low- and middle-income settings, postural support devices are inaccessible, inappropriate or unaffordable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.346DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5594271PMC
September 2017
17 Reads

The long-term impact of wheelchair delivery on the lives of people with disabilities in three countries of the world.

Authors:
Susan Shore

Afr J Disabil 2017 8;6:344. Epub 2017 Sep 8.

Department of Physical Therapy, Azusa Pacific University, United States.

Background: Lack of access to mobility for people with disabilities, particularly in less- resourced settings, continues to be widespread. Despite challenges to wheelchair delivery, the benefits to health, employment, social integration and life satisfaction are apparent.

Objectives: Previous studies have explored the impact of receiving a wheelchair on the lives of the users through cross-sectional or short-term longitudinal analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.344DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5594261PMC
September 2017
5 Reads