202 results match your criteria African journal of disability[Journal]


The impact of an inclusive education intervention on learning outcomes for girls with disabilities within a resource-poor setting.

Afr J Disabil 2020 13;9:555. Epub 2020 May 13.

UCL International Disability Research Centre, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Despite a global commitment to the right to education for persons with disabilities, little is known about how to achieve inclusive education in practice, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where the majority of the world's people with disabilities reside. Moreover, although exclusion from education is magnified by intersecting gender and socioeconomic inequalities, there is especially little knowledge regarding what approaches to inclusive education are effective amongst girls with disabilities living in resource-poor settings.

Objectives: The objective of this article was to assess the impact of an inclusive education intervention led by a non-governmental organisation (NGO) on the educational attainment of girls with disabilities in the resource-poor Lakes region of Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v9i0.555DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7276344PMC

Recycling of plaster of Paris.

Afr J Disabil 2020 27;9:503. Epub 2020 May 27.

Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College (KCMU-College), Moshi, United Republic of Tanzania.

Background: Plaster of Paris (POP) is being used in different ways in the field of medicine, dentistry and rehabilitation. One of its uses is in the manufacture of models of body segments in prosthetics and orthotics. It is used as a one-off procedure in which the used material is dismantled and discarded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v9i0.503DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7276351PMC

Transformative equality: Court accommodations for South African citizens with severe communication disabilities.

Afr J Disabil 2020 1;9:651. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Private, Durban, South Africa.

Background: Persons with disabilities are generally at greater risk of experiencing violence than their peers without a disability. Within the sphere of disability, individuals with severe communication disabilities are particularly vulnerable and have an increased risk of being a victim of abuse or violence and typically turn to their country's criminal justice system to seek justice. Unfortunately, victims with disabilities are often denied fair and equal treatment before the court. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v9i0.651DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7203191PMC

The value of a short practical training course for newly qualified therapists working with children with cerebral palsy in South Africa.

Afr J Disabil 2020 21;9:610. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Malamulele Onward NPC, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common and most complex disabling disorder in children. Newly qualified therapists are expected to manage CP despite feeling inexperienced and inadequately prepared. Short postgraduate practical training courses could potentially help bridge this readiness gap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v9i0.610DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7203206PMC

Functional outcome of stroke inpatients according to human immunodeficiency virus status: A feasibility study.

Afr J Disabil 2020 30;9:618. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Division of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Stroke in human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) individuals is becoming an increasing concern. Being significantly younger than typical stroke patients, the impact of functional challenges on quality of life and burden on society becomes more eminent.

Objectives: This feasibility study aims to determine the requirements for a large descriptive cohort, to adequately describe the functional outcome of stroke patients with varying HIV status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v9i0.618DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7136685PMC

The development of education for learners with diverse learning needs in the South African context: A bio-ecological systems analysis.

Afr J Disabil 2020 10;9:670. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

School of Psycho-Social Education, Faculty of Education, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa.

Background: Prior to 1994, special education in South Africa was marginalised and fragmented; therefore, the new democratic government promoted inclusive education as a means to transform education in general and diverse education in particular. However, transformation in diverse education is seemingly moving forward at a snail's pace - too slow to benefit all learners experiencing barriers to learning and development.

Objectives: This article serves a dual purpose: firstly, to apply a bio-ecological approach to highlight the historic development of diverse education and, secondly, to explore the interactive processes within the systemic levels in the South African education system, which affects the learner on the person dimension of the bio-ecological approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v9i0.670DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7057737PMC
February 2020

The promise of equal education not kept: Specific learning disabilities - The invisible disability.

Afr J Disabil 2020 26;9:647. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Department of Educational Psychology, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: This research is part of a larger project on the exploration of inequalities in South African higher education. This current study focussed on the implementation of policies to eradicate inequalities in an inclusive education system.

Objectives: This article aimed to establish the implementation of policy by researching the lived experiences of students with specific learning disabilities (SLDs) studying in the university. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v9i0.647DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7057738PMC
February 2020

Being differently abled: Disability through the lens of hierarchy of binaries and .

Afr J Disabil 2020 25;9:643. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

Department of Educational Psychology, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Despite its acceptability, the term disability has not been able to shirk the sense of incompleteness, lack, deprivation and incapacitation embodied in the prefix 'dis-'. The current wave of anti-discrimination on disability issues, calls for constant re-examination of the language and the appellations we use in respect of people with disabilities.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to subject the term disability to some relevancy litmus test with a view to prevent it from acquiring Lyotard's 'grand narrative' and to propose and argue for the term 'differently abled' because of its transformative and anti-discriminatory slant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v9i0.643DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7057735PMC
February 2020

Learning support strategies for learners with neurodevelopmental disorders: Perspectives of recently qualified teachers.

Afr J Disabil 2020 6;9:561. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Department of Educational Psychology, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Inclusive education envisages the improvement of the quality of education for all learners. This further implies that schools must adjust all systems of teaching and learning to accommodate all learners regardless of their diverse needs. The reduction of educational inequalities through inclusive practices is aimed at supporting the accomplishment of academic outcomes for all. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v9i0.561DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7057733PMC
February 2020

How pain management for children with cerebral palsy in South African schools complies with up-to-date knowledge.

Afr J Disabil 2019 22;8(0):575. Epub 2019 Nov 22.

Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Faculty of Humanities, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: Pain in children with cerebral palsy (CP) has its sources in musculoskeletal problems that can influence learning in a school setting. Best pain management is essential for these children, but school staff may not keep up to date with the latest developments and interventions. Therefore, staff's perceptions of beneficial strategies may not comply with contemporary scientific knowledge about effective evidence-based interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.575DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6890561PMC
November 2019
8 Reads

Integrated home-based screening for people living with disabilities: A case study from rural Malawi.

Afr J Disabil 2019 22;8:582. Epub 2019 Nov 22.

Partners In Health, Neno, Malawi.

People living with disabilities (PLWDs) have poor access to health services compared to people without disabilities. As a result, PLWDs do not benefit from some of the services provided at health facilities; therefore, new methods need to be developed to deliver these services where PLWDs reside. This case study reports a household-based screening programme targeting PLWDs in a rural district in Malawi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.582DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6890540PMC
November 2019

Even we are important: Sexuality and the degenderisation of people with disabilities in the linguistic landscapes of two South African universities in the Western Cape province.

Afr J Disabil 2019 22;8:568. Epub 2019 Nov 22.

Department of Media, Language and Communication, Faculty of Arts and Design, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa.

Background: This study focuses on the positioning of gender, sexual orientation and people with disabilities in the linguistic landscapes of two selected South African universities, which are located in the Western Cape province.

Objectives: This study aims to answer the question: How are power relations depicted through linguistic landscaping in the universities?

Methods: Given that there is minimal empirical data in this field, the researcher approached this question by exploring the way in which sexual orientation and people with disabilities are perceived, via the modal resources used in the categorisation of toilet users at the institutions. Specifically, toilet signage was observed as there were only a few other signage or forms of support (such as ramps and lifts - some of which may seem disability-unfriendly in terms of space) and acknowledgement in other places at the institutions for people with disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.568DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6890545PMC
November 2019

A university's response to people with disabilities in Worcester, Western Cape.

Afr J Disabil 2019 24;8(0):439. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Ukwanda Centre for Rural Health, Rural Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: The call for institutions of higher education to foster interaction with communities and ensure training is responsive to the needs of communities is well documented. In 2011, Stellenbosch University collaborated with the Worcester community to identify the needs of people with disabilities within the community. How the university was engaging with these identified needs through student training still needed to be determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.439DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852333PMC
October 2019

Framing heuristics in inclusive education: The case of Uganda's preservice teacher education programme.

Afr J Disabil 2019 21;8:611. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Department of Education, Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Recent education-related research has raised concerns about the persistent exclusion of vulnerable learners in Uganda. The Revised Primary Teacher Education Curriculum of 2013 marked an ambitious yet inconclusive attempt to advance the implementation of inclusive education but has encountered deeply entrenched sociocultural exclusionary practices among education experts.

Objectives: This study aimed to explicate education practitioners' interpretations of Uganda's flagship inclusive education programme in preservice primary teacher education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.611DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852256PMC
October 2019

Corrigendum: The impact of stroke on people living in central Uganda: A descriptive study.

Afr J Disabil 2019;8:606. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Department of Neurobiology Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4102/ajod.v7i0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.606DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852551PMC
October 2019

Including parents in inclusive practice: Supporting students with disabilities in higher education.

Afr J Disabil 2019 21;8:592. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Higher Education Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Background: While a number of research studies have endeavoured to understand students with disabilities' experience in higher education and have recommended ways to effectively support student success, the role of parental support has been neglected. Many studies have been hampered by a limited understanding of students with disabilities and have, in particular, underestimated students' 'access to economic, social and cultural forms of capital' that caring parents provide.

Objectives: This article seeks to explore students with disabilities' experiences of parental support in the South African higher education context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.592DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852587PMC
October 2019

The health benefits of exercise therapy for patients with Down syndrome: A systematic review.

Afr J Disabil 2019 23;8:576. Epub 2019 Oct 23.

School of Biokinetics, Recreation and Sport, Physical Activity Sport and Recreation (PhASRec), North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.

Background: Many patients with Down syndrome (PWDS) have poor cardiometabolic risk profiles, aerobic capacities and weak hypotonic muscles, primarily because of physical inactivity and poor diet.

Objectives: This study discusses the benefits of exercise therapy on body composition, aerobic capacity, muscle strength, proprioception and cardiometabolic profiles of PWDS.

Methods: A literature review using the Crossref metadatabase, following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), focusing on the period 2007-2018, was undertaken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.576DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852506PMC
October 2019
3 Reads

The role of rehabilitation care workers in South African healthcare: A Q-methodological study.

Afr J Disabil 2019 29;8:537. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

Department of Physiotherapy, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: The South African Department of Health identified the need to train a new cadre of community health worker (CHW) in the field of rehabilitation as part of their 2030 Health Plan that aims to improve primary healthcare (PHC) and community-based rehabilitation (CBR). Community health workers can be effectively utilised in CBR if their role is understood and their potential is not limited by professional protectionism and scepticism. A clear understanding of the scope of practice of a new cadre will minimise resistance by health professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.537DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852413PMC
October 2019

Factors that relate to sport participation of adolescents with a mobility impairment.

Afr J Disabil 2019 23;8(0):614. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Department of Psychology of Education, College of Education, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: There are multiple factors that make it difficult for learners with a mobility impairment to participate in sport, if not impossible. Unfortunately, it is not known which of these factors can be considered as the most important ones.

Objectives: The main objective was to obtain clarity on the factors that differentiate best between learners who participate in sport and those learners who are not participating. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.614DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779976PMC
September 2019

Access to primary care for persons with spinal cord injuries in the greater Gaborone area, Botswana.

Afr J Disabil 2019 23;8(0):539. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Centre for Rehabilitation Studies, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: People with spinal cord injury (SCI) often have great need for healthcare services, but they report access challenges. Primary care access to people with SCI has not been explored in Botswana.

Objective: This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators that users with spinal cord injuries experience in accessing primary care services in the greater Gaborone area, Botswana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.539DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779981PMC
September 2019

The experiences of parents of children living with disabilities at Lehlaba Protective Workshop in Sekhukhune district of Limpopo province.

Afr J Disabil 2019 19;8(0):528. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

Department of Social Work, University of Limpopo, Sovenga, South Africa.

Background: Parents of children with disabilities have faced difficulties in looking after their children, be it socially, economically and financially. Parents in rural areas are mainly left with a huge burden, as there is a lack of services and support from both the state and non-governmental organisations. Parents in Sekhukhune district, a rural area in Limpopo province of South Africa, face challenges in raising their disabled children related to lack of resources and lack of services at their disposal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.528DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779969PMC
September 2019
1 Read

South African stakeholders' knowledge of community-based rehabilitation.

Afr J Disabil 2019 25;8(0):484. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

School of Education, College of Humanities, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Background: Community-based rehabilitation (CBR) is a complex concept and strategy that has been implemented in diverse ways globally and in South Africa. Internationally, some stakeholders have described CBR as confusing, and this may influence implementation. A southern African study reports that there is insufficient evidence of the understanding of CBR in the region to influence training, policy and practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.484DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779963PMC
September 2019

Experiences of primary caregivers of children with cerebral palsy across the trajectory of diagnoses in Ghana.

Afr J Disabil 2019 25;8:577. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Faculty of Education, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia.

Background: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive disorder of posture or movement caused by a lesion to the developing brain that results in functional limitations. The diagnosis of CP can vary from one child to another, causing family stress because of vague and unknown outcomes of the disorder. Although there are negative attitudes in Ghanaian societies towards primary caregivers and children with disabilities, fewer attempts have been made to understand their experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.577DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6779979PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Investigation of physical and functional impairments experienced by people with active tuberculosis infection: A feasibility pilot study.

Afr J Disabil 2019 13;8(0):515. Epub 2019 Aug 13.

Wits-University of Queensland Critical Care Infection Collaboration Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant healthcare problem. Understanding physical and functional impairments that patients with active TB present with at the time of diagnosis and how these impairments change over time while they receive anti-TB therapy is important in developing appropriate rehabilitation programmes to optimise patients' recovery.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the acceptability, implementation and practicality of conducting a prospective, observational and longitudinal trial to describe physical and functional impairments of patients with active TB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.515DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6739538PMC
August 2019
3 Reads

Disability prevalence-context matters: A descriptive community-based survey.

Afr J Disabil 2019 14;8(0):512. Epub 2019 Aug 14.

Department of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: There is increasing interest in the collection of globally comparable disability data. Context may influence not only the rates but also the nature of disability, thus locally collected data may be of greater use in service delivery planning than national surveys.

Objectives: The objective of this article was to explore the extent to which two areas, both under-resourced but geographically and socially distinct, differed in terms of the prevalence and patterns of disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.512DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6739523PMC

Perspectives on a mobile application that maps assistive technology resources in Africa.

Afr J Disabil 2019 22;8:567. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Centre for Rehabilitation Studies, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Access to assistive technology (AT) is poor in African countries because of a lack of knowledge, resources, services and products. A mobile application (app), the AT-Info-Map, was developed to map AT availability in southern Africa.

Objectives: This article aimed to describe users' and suppliers' perceptions of the AT-Info-Map app. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.567DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6739521PMC

Assistive technology enables inclusion in higher education: The role of Higher and Further Education Disability Services Association.

Afr J Disabil 2019 22;8:558. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Disability Unit, Centre for Student Counselling and Development, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Background: Using assistive technology is one way to foster inclusion of students in the post-school education and training (PSET) sector.

Objectives: Higher and Further Education Disability Services Association (HEDSA) enables the sharing of new knowledge about assistive technologies through its symposia, and making information available on its website. Additionally, it facilitates dialogue and collaboration amongst institutions in the PSET network using a listserv and newsletters, given that PSET institutions are spread countrywide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.558DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6739537PMC
August 2019
1 Read

A conceptual framework for designing Ambient assisted living services for individuals with disabilities in Uganda and South Africa.

Afr J Disabil 2019 26;8:477. Epub 2019 Aug 26.

Department of Computing Sciences, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

Background: Individuals with disabilities experience difficulty in using various everyday technologies such as computers and smartphones.

Objectives: To propose a conceptual framework that will lead to the development of practical and user friendly assistive technology.

Method: A literature review of challenges faced by individuals with physical disabilities was carried out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.477DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6739529PMC

A snapshot of the chalkboard writing experiences of Bachelor of Education students with visual disabilities in South Africa.

Afr J Disabil 2019 24;8(0):523. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

Teaching and Learning Office, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Background: South African higher education policy frameworks highlight renewed interest in equity, access and participation imperatives for students with disabilities (SWDs). However, students with visual disabilities continue to face barriers in their teaching practice school placements.

Objectives: This article aims, firstly, to provide early insights into the barriers experienced by students with visual disabilities in their teaching practice school placements in under-resourced schools in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.523DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6676778PMC

The experiences of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities in inclusive schools in Accra, Ghana.

Afr J Disabil 2019 24;8:542. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada.

Background: Inclusive education is internationally recognised as the best strategy for providing equitable quality education to all children. However, because of the unique challenges they often present, children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are often excluded from inclusive schools. To date, limited research on inclusion has been conducted involving children with IDD as active participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.542DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6676780PMC
July 2019
1 Read

Inclusion, universal design and universal design for learning in higher education: South Africa and the United States.

Afr J Disabil 2019 29;8:519. Epub 2019 Jul 29.

Disability Studies Division, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Around the world, institutions of higher education are recognising their responsibilities to achieve the full inclusion of individuals with differing needs and/or disabilities. The frameworks of universal design (UD) and universal design for learning (UDL) offer unique ways to build inclusiveness in our systems. The role of UD and UDL to strengthen successful inclusion of persons with differing needs in higher education programmes is presented from literature, inclusive of national and international policies and resources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.519DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6676777PMC
July 2019
1 Read

Access into professional degrees by students with disabilities in South African higher learning: A decolonial perspective.

Afr J Disabil 2019 10;8:514. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Ali Mazrui Centre for Higher Education Studies, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Former historically disadvantaged social groups such as women, black people and those with disabilities are expected to participate in the skilled labour force that South Africa has pledged to produce for the 21st century. However, in the South African context, research widely neglects access of those into professional degrees in higher learning. There is a need for such an exploration because people with disabilities have been found to be excluded from professional employment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.514DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6620484PMC

Associations between health behaviour, secondary health conditions and quality of life in people with spinal cord injury.

Afr J Disabil 2019 11;8:463. Epub 2019 Jun 11.

Department of Physiotherapy, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: The development of secondary health conditions (SHCs) after spinal cord injury (SCI) is common and can affect an individual's emotional well-being, and his or her health-related quality of life (QOL). Little is known about relationships between performing health-benefiting behaviours and the presence (or absence) of SHCs and QOL, particularly in South Africa.

Objectives: This research study was conducted in order to determine the associations between health behaviour, SHCs and QOL in people with SCI (PWSCI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.463DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6620481PMC

Participation restrictions and vocational rehabilitation needs experienced by persons with a unilateral lower limb amputation in the Western Cape, South Africa.

Afr J Disabil 2019 10;8:456. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Department of Physiotherapy, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Vocational rehabilitation (VR) aims to rehabilitate a person with an amputation back into actively participating in society. Even though lower limb amputation (LLA) surgery is commonly performed in South Africa (SA), little research has been published on the participation restrictions experienced by and vocational needs of persons with LLA in the Western Cape (WC).

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine and explore the participation restrictions and VR needs of persons with a unilateral LLA in the WC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.456DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6620480PMC
June 2019
1 Read

'We only got Coca-Cola': Disability and the paradox of (dis)empowerment in Southeast Nigeria.

Afr J Disabil 2019 25;8:444. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Interculturalism, Migration and Minorities Research Centre (IMMRC), Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Empowerment is the generic name for support services for persons with disability in Nigeria. In it, the elites of the society play leading roles. Special events such as anniversaries, Christmas seasons, wealthy people's birthdays, investiture of new titles and campaigns before general elections often provide occasions for empowerment programmes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.444DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6518960PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Multilingualism and augmentative and alternative communication in South Africa - Exploring the views of persons with complex communication needs.

Afr J Disabil 2019 24;8:507. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Human Language Technology Research Group, Meraka Institute, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) can assist persons with complex communication needs to communicate competently with a variety of communication partners in a variety of contexts. However, AAC systems and intervention often do not take multilingual aspects into consideration.

Objective: This small-scale exploratory study had three aims, namely: (1) to describe the self-reported language skills of multilingual South African adults using AAC, (2) to describe the languages and communication modalities they used in interaction and (3) to obtain their views regarding access to various languages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.507DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6494916PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Community-based rehabilitation workers' perspectives of wheelchair provision in Uganda: A qualitative study.

Afr J Disabil 2019 24;8:432. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Centre for Rehabilitation Studies, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Background: The challenges of wheelchair provision and use in less resourced settings are the focus of global efforts to enhance wheelchair service delivery. The shortage of professional wheelchair service providers in these settings necessitates the collaboration of multiple stakeholders, including community-based rehabilitation (CBR) workers, whose role needs to be further understood.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine what CBR workers in three areas of Uganda perceived as (1) the challenges with wheelchair provision and use, (2) the factors contributing to these challenges, (3) the role they themselves can potentially play and (4) what facilitators they need to achieve this. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.432DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6494910PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Success in Africa: People with disabilities share their stories.

Afr J Disabil 2019 25;8:522. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Institute of Economic and Social Research, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia.

Background: Whereas most narratives of disability in sub-Saharan Africa stress barriers and exclusion, Africans with disabilities appear to show resilience and some appear to achieve success. In order to promote inclusion in development efforts, there is a need to challenge narratives of failure.

Objectives: To gather life histories of people with disabilities in three sub-Saharan African countries (Kenya, Uganda and Sierra Leone) who have achieved economic success in their lives and to analyse factors that explain how this success has been achieved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.522DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6489159PMC
April 2019
5 Reads

Development of the Wheelchair Interface Questionnaire and initial face and content validity.

Afr J Disabil 2019 28;8:520. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Canadian Association of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kingston, Canada.

Background: Because resources are limited in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), the development of outcome measures is of interest. Wheelchair outcome measures are useful to support evidence-based practice in wheelchair provision.

Objectives: The Wheelchair Interface Questionnaire (WIQ) is being developed to provide a professional perspective on the quality of the interface between a wheelchair and its user. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.520DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6489171PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Disabled people's organisations and the disability movement: Perspectives from Burkina Faso.

Authors:
Lara Bezzina

Afr J Disabil 2019 29;8:500. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Private, Mosta, Malta.

Background: In Burkina Faso, the disability movement is rather weak, both in terms of funding and staffing - its range does not extend far outside the capital city and is largely dependent on international non-governmental organisations (INGOs). Despite the huge number of grassroots disabled people's organisations (DPOs), many of these organisations do not function beyond the occasional meeting and celebration of the International Day of Persons with Disabilities. The reasons for this are various, including dependency on external funding (such as from international organisations), lack of access to resources, being dependent on voluntary members, and lack of organisation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.500DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6489163PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

A defence of identity for persons with disability: Reflections from religion and philosophy versus ancient African culture.

Afr J Disabil 2019 23;8:490. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Community and Disability Studies, Kyambogo University, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Religion and philosophy follow the Hegelian dialectic, man as thesis, evil as antithesis and ideal man or God the final synthesis, locking out persons with disability stating that they don't meet the criteria of being human persons. In contrast, persons with disability were accepted in ancient Africa and their disorder was not shown as a physical handicap.

Objectives: The objective of this article was to critically examine how disability is constructed in philosophy and religion in comparison with African culture, in the shaping of disability identity as a form of humanity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.490DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6489160PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Views from the borderline: Extracts from my life as a coloured child of Deaf adults, growing up in apartheid South Africa.

Afr J Disabil 2019 24;8:473. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Disability Studies Division, Department of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Over 90% of Deaf parents have hearing children, but there are very few, if any, studies that have explored the life worlds of hearing children of Deaf adults (CODAs) in South Africa. This article is an account of part of the life experiences of a female hearing child who was born and raised by her Deaf parents in apartheid South Africa in the 1980s.

Objectives: This study used auto-ethnography to explore the socialisation of a female coloured CODA during the height of South Africa's apartheid era, in order to shed light on intersectional influences on identity and selfhood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.473DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6489141PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

Lived experiences of caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder in Kenya.

Afr J Disabil 2019 25;8:435. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a global public health concern. In African countries such as Kenya, there is a greater need for establishing support services for developmental disorders such as ASD. The emotional, social and economic burden of ASD on caregivers is unknown because of a number of challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.435DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6489168PMC
April 2019
5 Reads

Family-based activity settings of children in a low-income African context.

Afr J Disabil 2019 23;8:364. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Center for Alternate and Augmentative Communication, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: There has been an overwhelming call to improve the understanding of how children develop within an African context as Euro-American definitions of competence have been uncritically adopted as the norm for children in Africa. The activities that children engage in within the family setting are seen as important to understand how children develop within context. The use of activity settings is closely aligned with a strengths-based perspective of family-centred practice and contributes to improved sustainability of intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.364DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6489139PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

The effect of a serious game on empathy and prejudice of psychology students towards persons with disabilities.

Afr J Disabil 2019 28;8:328. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

School of Psychosocial Behavioural Sciences: Psychology, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.

Background: Much has been done regarding the promotion of equality in rights in terms of legislation, but persons with disabilities remain marginalised in society. Negative attitudes and prejudice contribute towards numerous challenges for persons with disabilities.

Objectives: This study investigated the level of empathy and prejudice of students towards persons with disabilities, and the effect of the use of a serious game to enhance empathy and reduce prejudice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.328DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6489198PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Funding and inclusion in higher education institutions for students with disabilities.

Afr J Disabil 2019 29;8(0):336. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Political and International Studies, Rhodes University, South Africa.

Background: Historically, challenges faced by students with disabilities (SWDs) in accessing higher education institutions (HEIs) were attributed to limited public funding. The introduction of progressive funding models such as disability scholarships served to widen access to, and participation in, higher education for SWDs. However, recent years have seen these advances threatened by funding cuts and privatisation in higher education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.336DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424000PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Pastoral ministry and persons with disabilities: The case of the Apostolic Faith Mission in Zimbabwe.

Authors:
Nomatter Sande

Afr J Disabil 2019 20;8:431. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Religion and Social Transformation, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Background: The Persons with Disability (PWD) are the minority group dehumanized in the church. The subject of disability is complicated because of the impact of the Judeo-Christian teachings. The Apostolic Faith Mission (AFM) in Zimbabwe is a leading Pentecostal church with a pastoral ministry theology which emphasises divine healing, miracles, signs and wonders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.431DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424001PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Current access and recruitment practices in nursing education institutions in KwaZulu-Natal: A case study of student nurses with disabilities.

Afr J Disabil 2019 20;8:429. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Background: While institutions of higher education may have increased access and accommodation for students with disabilities, institutions primarily providing nurse training in South Africa do not mirror the same practice.

Objectives: Notwithstanding the integration of disability policies enacted in South Africa in 2010, a majority of people with disabilities are still excluded from the activities of society equally applicable to nursing education. This article describes the current access and recruitment practices for student nurses with disabilities (SNWDs) in nursing education institutions in KwaZulu-Natal to provide baseline data, which is largely absent in nursing institutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.429DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423999PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Improvements in health-related quality of life and function in middle-aged women with chronic diseases of lifestyle after participating in a non-pharmacological intervention programme: A pragmatic randomised controlled trial.

Afr J Disabil 2019 25;8:428. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Division of Physiotherapy, Department of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Musculoskeletal diseases consume a large amount of health and social resources and are a major cause of disability in both low- and high-income countries. In addition, patients frequently present with co-morbid chronic diseases of lifestyle. The area of musculoskeletal disease is restricted by a lack of epidemiological knowledge, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Read More

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https://ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/428
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v8i0.428DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424002PMC
February 2019
24 Reads