1,876 results match your criteria African health sciences[Journal]


Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma: a case report and review of literature.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3253-3263

Department of Restorative Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Pincode- 61471.

Background: Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CA-ex-PA) is extremely unusual in minor salivary glands of oral cavity. CAex-PA is a carcinomatous change as a primary or as a recurrence of pleomorphic adenoma.

Objective: Due to resemblance of clinical symptoms of Ca ex PA and benign pleomorphic adenoma, it is mandatory for surgeons to keep high degree of clinical alertness, considering the peculiarity of this tumor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.50DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040348PMC
December 2019

Generalized lymphadenopathy: an unusual presentation of burkitt lymphoma in a Nigerian child: a case report.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3249-3252

Department of Paediatrics, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria.

Introduction: Burkitt Lymphoma is the fastest growing tumor in human and the commonest of the childhood malignancies. Generalized lymphadenopathy is a common feature of immunodeficiency associated Burkitt lymphoma but an uncommon presentation of the endemic type in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) negative children.

Case Presentation: The authors report a 6 year old HIV negative boy who presented with generalized lymphadenopathy, cough, weight loss, fever and drenching night sweat and had received native medication as well as treatment in private hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.49DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040310PMC
December 2019

Immunoglobulin heavy variable (IgHV) gene mutation and micro-RNA expression in Burkitt's lymphoma at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital in Western Kenya.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3242-3248

Department of Child Health and Paediatrics, Moi University School of Medicine, Eldoret, Kenya.

Introduction: Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is a virus associated childhood B-cell cancer common in Eastern Africa. Continued survival of B-cells in germinal centres depend on expression of high affinity immunoglobulins (Ig) to complementary antigens by somatic hypermutation of Ig genes. Cellular microRNAs, non-coding RNAs have been reported to play role in cell cycle regulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.48DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040314PMC
December 2019

The effect of myometrial invasion on prognostic factors and survival analysis in endometrial carcinoma.

Authors:
Cem Dane Sait Bakir

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3235-3241

University of Health Sciences, Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Istanbul-Turkey.

Background: We investigated the relationship between myometrial invasion and the prognostic factors on overall and progression free survival in endometrial carcinoma.

Methods: 122 cases operated with endometrial cancer were included into the study. Progression-free survival and overall survival were evaluated according to degree of myometrial invasion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.47DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040328PMC
December 2019
0.662 Impact Factor

The diagnostic accuracy of routine clinical findings for detection of esophageal varices in rural sub-Saharan Africa where schistosomiasis is endemic.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3225-3234

Makerere University, College of Health Sciences, P.O.Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is common in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, poor access to endoscopy services precludes the diagnosis of varices.

Objectives: We determined the diagnostic accuracy of routine clinical findings for detection of esophageal varices among patients with UGIB in rural SSA where schistosomiasis is endemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.46DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040339PMC
December 2019

C - reactive protein and urinary tract infection due to Gram-negative bacteria in a pediatric population at a tertiary hospital, Mwanza, Tanzania.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3217-3224

Department of Microbiology/Immunology, Weill Bugando School of Medicine, Catholic University of Health and Allied Science.

Introduction: Gram-negative bacteria are the major cause of urinary tract infections (UTI) in children. There is limited data on UTI systemic response as measured using C-reactive protein (CRP). Here, we report the association of CRP and UTI among children attending the Bugando Medical Centre, Mwanza, Tanzania. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.45DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040338PMC
December 2019

Seroprevalence, risk factors and comorbidities associated with infection amongst children receiving care at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3208-3216

Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Pediatrics.

Background: frequently causes gastritis and peptic ulcers, and affected children are at risk of developing gastric carcinoma later in adulthood.

Methods: This was a Hospital based cross sectional study. A total of 200 children aged 6 months to 14 years were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.44DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040322PMC
December 2019
0.662 Impact Factor

An overview of pneumonia for the African generalist practitioner.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3200-3207

Department of Family Medicine, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University. P.O. BOX 222, MEDUNSA 0204.

Introduction: Pneumocystis jirovecii is the causative organism of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in humans, which is more common among immunocompromised patients. Classically patients present with fever, non-productive cough, and dyspnoea. In the HIV-infected individuals the symptoms may be subtle at first, but gradually progress over several weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.43DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040323PMC
December 2019

Uptake and utilization of institutional voluntary HIV testing and counseling services among students aged 18-24 in Kenya's public Universities.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3190-3199

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Rehabilitative Sciences.

Background: Kenya is home to an estimated 1.7 million people living with HIV/AIDS. According to the Kenya AIDS Indicator survey KAIS 2012, HIV prevalence in the age group 15-24 stood at 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.42DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040318PMC
December 2019

Knowledge about modifiable risk factors for non-communicable diseases adults living with HIV in Rwanda.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3181-3189

University of the Western Cape, Faculty of Community and Health Sciences, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are of international public health concern. Of more concern are people living with HIV (PLHIV), who have the increased risk of developing NCDs, such as hypertension, stroke and diabetes. Research has revealed that there is a relationship between knowledge of NCD risk factors and risk perceptions in the general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.41DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040312PMC
December 2019
0.662 Impact Factor

Psychometric validity of the distress thermometer and problem check list in ART-naïve HIV infected patients in Northern Nigeria.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3172-3180

Department of Psychiatry, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria.

Background: HIV diagnosis comes with a lot of worry and distress. Ability to objectively estimate this distress by non-psychiatrist will enhance early detection of psychological distress for intervention.

Objectives: To investigate the validity of the Distress Thermometer (DT) and its problem checklist in achieving early detection of mental distress among ART-naïve HIV infected patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.40DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040331PMC
December 2019

Stigmatization and discrimination as predictors of self-esteem of people living with HIV and AIDS in Nigeria.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3160-3171

Department of Arts Education, Faculty of Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Background: Self-esteem is a major psychological health issue. People living with HIV and AIDS have been found to be victims of discrimination and stigmatization which affect their self-esteem.

Objectives: The study investigated the influence of stigma and discrimination on self-esteem of people living with HIV and AIDS (PLHIV). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.39DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040355PMC
December 2019

A retrospective clinico-pathologic analysis of cemento-osseous dysplasia in a South African patient population.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3154-3159

Department of Oral Pathology, School of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) is a fibro-osseous jaw bone lesion. The affected bone in COD progressively becomes sclerotic, poorly vascularized and susceptible to secondary osteomyelitis.

Objective: To provide a clinico-pathologic appraisal of COD in a South African patient population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.38DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040344PMC
December 2019

Self-rated oral health status and social and health determinants among community dwelling adults in Kenya.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3146-3153

Department for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Background: The aims of this study were to estimate the self-rated oral health status and its associated factors in a national community dwelling population in Kenya.

Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a stratified cluster random sampling was conducted in 2015. The total sample included 4,459 individuals 18-69 years (M=40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.37DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040341PMC
December 2019

Effect of target controlled propofol infusion versus intermittent boluses during oesophagogastroduodenoscopy: a randomized controlled trial.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3136-3145

Department of Anaesthesia, Aga Khan University, East Africa.

Background: Propofol is administered as intermittent boluses to achieve deep sedation to facilitate oesophagogastroduodenoscopy. Target controlled infusion (TCI) can be employed for this purpose.

Methods: 176 adults were randomly allocated into two groups of 88 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.36DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040342PMC
December 2019

Intra-operative low-dose ketamine does not reduce the cost of post-operative pain management after surgery: a randomized controlled trial in a low-income country.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3127-3135

Department of Anaesthesia, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: In developing countries, post-operative pain remains underestimated and undertreated due to economic constraints, lack of awareness and limited resources. In contrast, ketamine is an effective, readily available, easy to use and inexpensive drug frequently used in poor settings.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the overall reduction in the medication treatment cost of acute post-operative pain by adding intra-operative low-dose ketamine to traditional intravenous morphine for surgery in a low-income country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.35DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040337PMC
December 2019

Pseudoscience in medicine: cautionary recommendations.

Authors:
Chris Callaghan

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3118-3126

University of the Witwatersrand, School of Economic and Business Sciences.

Introduction: Certain real life applications of scientific and social science ideas that knowingly reject accumulated empirical biomedical evidence have been termed 'pseudoscience,' or empirical rejectionism. An uncritical acceptance of empiricism, or even of evidence-based medicine, however, can also be problematic.

Objectives: With reference to a specific type of medical denialism associated with moral failure, justified by dissident AIDS and anti-vaccine scientific publications, this paper seeks to make the argument that this type of denialism meets certain longstanding definitions for classification as pseudoscience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.34DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040346PMC
December 2019

Medical error reporting among physicians and nurses in Uganda.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3107-3117

The Catholic University of Eastern Africa, Community Health and Development.

Background: Patient safety is a fundamental component of health care quality and medical errors continue to occur, placing patients at risk. Medical error reporting systems could help reduce the errors.

Purpose: This study assessed "Medical error reporting among Physicians and Nurses in Uganda". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.33DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040326PMC
December 2019

Core competencies acquired in indigenous training of traditional health practitioners in Kwazulu-Natal.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3100-3106

Traditional Medicine Laboratory, School of Nursing & Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Introduction: Despite the recognition of Traditional Medicine systems as a critical component of health care by the WHO and the African Union, its integration into the health care mainstream remains very subdued in South Africa. This is partly due to the lack of empirical data pertinent to traditional healer training that could inform the accreditation process.

Objective: To determine core competencies acquired by Traditional Health Practitioners (THP) of KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa during their apprenticeship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.32DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040309PMC
December 2019

An empirical study exploring the determinants of stress among medical healthcare professionals.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3091-3099

Donghua University Yan'an Xi Lu Campus, Glorious Sun School of Business and Management.

Background: Medical profession is considered as one of the stressful professions. Work related stress level among the general working population is around 18% while the stress level among the healthcare practitioners is around 28%. Multiple stressors contribute to the stress of doctors resulting in negative consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.31DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040354PMC
December 2019

A review of clinical presentation and physiotherapy management of cerebral palsy patients in Esut teaching hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3085-3090

ESUT Teaching Hospital Enugu, surgery.

Background: Cerebral palsy affects the general neurological development of those involved. This usually culminates into various muscular deficits some of which are amenable to physiotherapy intervention and rehabilitation.

Method: A 6 year retrospective study was conducted to find out the clinical presentation and physiotherapy management of cerebral palsy patients in ESUT Teaching Hospital Enugu, Nigeria, between June 2009 and May, 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.30DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040352PMC
December 2019

Under-five malnutrition in a South-Eastern Nigeria metropolitan city.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3078-3084

Department of Paediatrics, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/Ozalla, Enugu.

Background: Malnutrition (under and overnutrition) presents significant threats to child health. The co-existence of under and overnutrition in a population is increasingly being described in the literature.

Objective: To identify the prevalence of malnutrition among under-five children in Enugu metropolis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.29DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040336PMC
December 2019

Adequacy of macro and micronutrients in infants and young children's diets in Zanzibar, Tanzania.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3063-3077

Department of Food Technology, Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P. O. Box 3006, Morogoro.

Background: A study was conducted in Zanzibar using ProPAN software to assess nutrient adequacy of foods given to infants and children aged 6-23 months old in Zanzibar.

Methodology: The 24-hr dietary recall method embedded in ProPAN software was used to determine the adequacy of energy, protein, iron, calcium, zinc and vitamin A in foods consumed by children. Sample of 200 mothers/caretakers with children aged 6-23 months were interviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.28DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040325PMC
December 2019

Prevalence and maternal socio-demographic factors associated with stillbirth in health facilities in Anambra, South-East Nigeria.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3055-3062

Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu state, Nigeria.

Background: Stillbirth is a major adverse perinatal outcome especially in low and middle income countries across the globe. Certain factors relating to mothers from such countries may be associated with this adverse condition.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of stillbirth and also explore the maternal socio-demographic factors associated with stillbirth among mothers in rural communities in Anambra Central Senatorial District of Anambra State Nigeria who gave birth between January 2012 and December 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.27DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040340PMC
December 2019

The current pattern of facility-based perinatal and neonatal mortality in Sagamu, Nigeria.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3045-3054

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, OlabisiOnabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu.

Background: Perinatal and neonatal mortality rates have been described as sensitive indices of the quality of health care services. Regular audits of perinatal and neonatal mortalities are desirable to evaluate the various global interventions.

Objective: To describe the current pattern of perinatal and neonatal mortality in a Nigerian tertiary health facility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.26DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040347PMC
December 2019

Impact of parity and gestational age of mothers with hypertension on birth weight, red blood cells and mode of delivery of their babies.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3038-3044

Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku Ozalla, Enugu, PMB 01129, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Background: Maternal factors are determinants of birth outcome which includes birth weight, haematological indices and mode of delivery of their babies.

Objectives: To determine the impact of parity and gestational age of hypertensive mothers on some neonatal variables.

Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study of measurement of neonatal variables (birth weight, red blood cells and mode of delivery) among hypertensive mothers and their controls was conducted over a period of six months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.25DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040315PMC
December 2019
0.662 Impact Factor

Evaluation of the level of awareness of congenital toxoplasmosis and associated practices among pregnant women and health workers in Tanzania's Temeke district in Dar es Salaam.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3027-3037

University of Zambia School of Veterinary Medicine, clinical studies.

Background: Toxoplasmosis caused by the obligate intracellular coccidian protozoan T () infects all warm-blooded animals including humans. This parasite may develop in both immune-compromised and immunocompetent hosts but usually the disease manifestations strongly differ according to immune status. Immunocompromised hosts develop more severe disease than immunocompetent hosts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.24DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040330PMC
December 2019

Attitude of women in a Nigerian local government to reproductive health following health education intervention.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3018-3026

Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria.

Background: Health Education on reproductive health issues is indispensible in fostering safe sexual and reproductive health more so in rural populations. This study aimed at reflecting the role of health education in improvement of attitude of women to reproductive health in a rural Nigerian Local Government (LG).

Methods: There was a pre-intervention, intervention and post-intervention stages in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.23DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040332PMC
December 2019

How do reproductive age women perceive breast cancer screening in Ethiopia? A qualitative study.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3009-3017

Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Institute of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Background: Breast cancer remains one of the deadliest non-communicable diseases in the world. In Ethiopia, breast cancer accounts for 33.4% of total cancer diagnosis in women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.22DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040313PMC
December 2019

Complementary and alternative treatment methods for menopausal hot flashes used in Turkey.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):3001-3008

Gumushane University, Department of Nurse.

Objective: Study was planned to determine complementary and alternative treatment methods for menopausal hot flashes.

Methods: Women who reported their discomfort of hot flashes as a degree of discomfort of 4 or more according to the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were included in the study (n:356). In data collection, Questionnaire Form and Complementary and Alternative Medicine Approaches Scale were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.21DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040329PMC
December 2019

Risk factors for dysmenorrhea among Ghanaian undergraduate students.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2993-3000

School of Medical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Ghana.

Background: Menstrual pain is one of the common gynaecological presentations of women of reproductive age to health care physicians. In Ghana, there exist a paucity of research on the risk factors of dysmenorrhea among older females.

Objectives: Very few studies in Ghana have addressed the risk factors for severe dysmenorrhea among University students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040311PMC
December 2019
0.662 Impact Factor

High risk human papilloma virus (HPV) common among a cohort of women with female genital mutilation.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2985-2992

Department of Pathology, Federal Medical Centre, Lokoja.

Background: Nigeria accounts for 25% of cases of Female genital mutilation (FGM) worldwide, with increased incidence of cervical cancer.

Objective: This study was aimed at evaluating the relationship between FGM and HPV in a locality with high prevalence of FGM.

Methods: Papanicolaou test, DNA hybridization using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), and flow-through hybridization was done to determine the genotypic variants of the HPV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040333PMC
December 2019

Sexual dysfunction: prevalence and associated factors in patients with mental illness receiving psychotropic medication in Nigeria.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2973-2984

Department of Mental Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City.

Objectives: The objectives were to determine the prevalence of total and specific sexual dysfunction among psychiatric out-patients taking psychotropic medication, assess its relationship with some demographic and clinical variables, determine the effect of sexual dysfunction on subject's self- esteem and compliance with medication.

Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in the psychiatric out-patient clinic of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Benin City. The International Index of Erectile Functioning (IIEF), Rosenberg's self esteem scale and a socio-demographic and clinical data questionnaire were administered to 300 participants; 150 (50%) psychiatric male patients and 150 (50%) controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040335PMC
December 2019

Trends and gender differences in age at sex debut among adolescents and young adults in urban Cape Area, South Africa.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2964-2972

Demography and Population Studies Programme, Schools of Public Health and Social Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Adolescents and young adults in South Africa are at increased risk of experiencing negative outcomes from early sex initiation due to the context they develop in. This study aimed at investigating trends and gender differences in early age at sexual debut.

Methods: Data from the Cape Area Panel Study (CAPS) of young adults' conducted between 2002 and 2009 in urban Cape Town were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040320PMC
December 2019
0.662 Impact Factor

Effect of removal of AuraOnce™ laryngeal mask in awake or deep anaesthesia: a randomized controlled trial.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2954-2963

(Anaesthesia), Department of Anaesthesia, Aga Khan University, East Africa.

Background: The manufacturer Ambu® recommends that the AuraOnce™ laryngeal mask be removed once the patient is fully awake. Studies have shown benefit in removal of the laryngeal mask airway while a patient is deeply anaesthetized. Current evidence is inconclusive, as to which approach is preferable and safer in adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040306PMC
December 2019

Development and Validation of the Minnesota Low Vision Reading Test (MNRead) Acuity Chart for the Asante Twi Language.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2945-2953

Department of Ghanaian Languages and linguistics, Faculty of Arts, University of Cape Coast, Ghana.

Aim: To design and validate a MNREAD Asante Twi version reading chart, to aid in the assessment of near visual acuity of natives Ghanaians.

Methods: Cross-sectional and experimental designs were employed in phases I and II respectively of this study. The chart was developed using 20 transited pupils in class four in the Kumasi metropolis in phase I and validated in a clinical setting at the Manhyia District Hospital, Kumasi, using students in phase II. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040334PMC
December 2019

Relationship between sleep characteristics and depressive symptoms in last trimester of pregnancy.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2934-2944

Inonu University, Faculty of Nursing / Department of Birth, Women Health and Illness, 44280 Malatya, Turkey. GSM: 05066047909.

Background: Sleep problems during pregnancy may cause many complications that reduce quality of life.

Aim: This study aims to determine the relationship between pregnant women's sleep characteristics and depressive symptoms.

Methods: A hospital-based, cross-sectional study was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040327PMC
December 2019

A pre-test post-test assessment of non-invasive keratograph break up time and corneal epithelial thickness after vaping.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2926-2933

University of KwaZulu-Natal College of Health Sciences Optometry.

Background: The effects of electronic cigarettes on the ocular surface has yet to be shown. The purpose of the study was to assess the impact of e-cigarette use on the anterior corneal surface integrity.

Methods: Forty three males and 21 females with an average of 21years were required to vape 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.13DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040307PMC
December 2019

Determinants of harmful use of alcohol among urban slum dwelling adults in Kenya.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2906-2925

Catholic University of Eastern Africa, Department of Nursing.

Background: Harmful alcohol use is a public health problem associated with negative health and socio-economic impacts. However, patterns and dynamics of alcohol use among slum-dwellers in Kenya are poorly understood.

Objective: To establish determinants of harmful alcohol use among adults in an urban slum setting in Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040319PMC
December 2019

Estimation of hospital admission respiratory disease cases attributed to exposure to SO and NO in two different sectors of Egypt.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2892-2905

Air Pollution Research Department, Environmental Research Division, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt.

Air Q was used to predicted hospital admissions respiratory disease cases due to SO and NO exposure in two sectors of Egypt during December 2015 to November 2016. Levels were 19, 22 µg/m at Ain Sokhna sector and 92, 78 µg/m at Shoubra El-Khaima sector for SO and NO, respectively. These levels were less than the Egyptian Permissible limits (125 µg/m in urban and 150 µg/m in industrial for SO, 150 µg/m in urban and industrial for NO). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.11DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040343PMC
December 2019

Impact of aerobic versus resisted exercise training on systemic inflammation biomarkers and quality of Life among obese post-menopausal women.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2881-2891

Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Although post-menopausal obesity is an important public national health problem in Saudi Arabia, to date no study has evaluated the effects of weight reduction on biochemical & clinical parameters and quality of Life for obese Saudi post-menopausal women.

Objective: The aim of this study was examine the effects of aerobic versus resisted exercise training effects upon systemic inflammation biomarkers and quality of life for obese post-menopausal Saudi women.

Material And Methods: One hundred Saudi post-menopausal obese women participated in this study, their age ranged from 50-58 years and their body mass index (BMI) ranged from 30-35 kg/m2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040316PMC
December 2019

Impact of aerobic exercise versus resisted exercise on endothelial activation markers and inflammatory cytokines among elderly.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2874-2880

Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Aging is the major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases as aging increases plasma levels of pro-inflammatory mediators and endothelial dysfunction. Physical exercise is a potential strategy for improving the endothelial dysfunction and chronic inflammation that accompanies aging. However, there is a need to differentiate between aerobic and resistance exercise training regarding endothelial activation markers and systemic inflammation among elderly population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040351PMC
December 2019

Renal risk profiling in newly diagnosed hypertensives in an urban population in Nigeria.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2863-2873

Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Introduction: Hypertension is a cause and consequence of chronic kidney disease globally. The other factors that work in concert with hypertension to cause CKD are yet to be clearly elucidated. Studies have identified proteinuria, dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking and family history of CKD as renal risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040353PMC
December 2019

Prevalence and determinants of hypertension among students of the University of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo: a cross-sectional study.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2854-2862

Unit of Physiology, Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, DR Congo.

Background: The 2017 ACC/AHA Guideline categorized blood pressure into 4 levels:normal (SBP<120 and DBP <80mm Hg), elevated (SBP of 120-129 or DBP< 80 mmHg) and stage 1 (SBP of 130-139 or DBP of 80-89 mm Hg) or 2 (SBP≥140 orDBP≥90mmHg). Compared with the JNC7 guideline, the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline recommends using lower SBP and DBP levels to define hypertension.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of hypertension as well as associated factors among students of the University of Kinshasa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040345PMC
December 2019

Exploration of hypoglycemic effect of an extract from leaves of a plant from Tunisian pharmacopeia: ().

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2846-2853

Department of Biology, University of Tunis El Manar, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, University campus 2092, El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia.

Background And Objectives: A lot of research has been directed towards medicinal plants which are considered as a source of multiple phytotherapic substances endowed with hypoglycemic activities that could be used to treat diabetes and its complications. Our study was carried out in Wistar rats to investigate the hypoglycemic effect of n-Butanol Fraction from leaf Methanolic Extract (BFACME).

Methods: Two experimental models were used in rats: orally induced hyperglycemia (OGTT) and isolated perfused liver (IPRL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040308PMC
December 2019

Tear electrolyte assessment of diabetic patients in Southern Nigeria.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2839-2845

Okukpon, Oziegbe; Irrua specialist teaching hospital, Department of Community Medicine.

Background: Tears are a critical body extracellular fluid coating the surface epithelial cells of the cornea and conjunctiva, and providing the optically smooth surface necessary for refraction of light onto the retina. The biological and chemical properties of tears change in response to systemic disease.

Objectives: This study assessed the concentration of calcium, magnesium and phosphate levels in tears of diabetics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040349PMC
December 2019

Prevalence of ECG abnormalities among adults with metabolic syndrome in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2829-2838

College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Neurology Unit, Department of Medicine.

Background: Co-existence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and electrocardiography (ECG) abnormalities heightens the risk of sudden cardiac death. However, there is a gap in evidence of how ECG changes cluster among continental Africans with or without MetS.

Methods: We included 491 participants with interpretable ECG tracings who were consecutively recruited into the Cardiovascular Risk Prediction Registry (CRP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040350PMC
December 2019

Predictors of poor glycemic control in adult with type 2 diabetes in South-Eastern Nigeria.

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2819-2828

Department of Chemical Pathology, College of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Nigeria.

Background: The study investigated predictors of poor glycemic control in type 2 diabetes (T2DM).

Methods: Data on demographics, anthropometric and clinical parameters were collected in a cross-section survey from 140 adults with T2DM, using standard tools/instruments. Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) was assessed as a measure of glycemic control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040317PMC
December 2019

Association of Vitamin D deficiency and Vitamin D Receptor Gene Polymorphisms with Type 2 diabetes mellitus Saudi patients.

Authors:
Ayman S Al-Hazmi

Afr Health Sci 2019 Dec;19(4):2812-2818

Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taif University, Taif city, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a global problem. Association of multiple genes in T2DM becomes a hot point recently. This study was aimed to evaluate association of vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to T2DM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v19i4.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040324PMC
December 2019