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    866 results match your criteria African Journal of Reproductive Health [Journal]

    1 OF 18

    Multi-level Correlates of Safer Conception Methods Awareness and Attitudes Among Ugandan HIV Clients with Fertility Intentions.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2016 Mar 5;20(1):40-51. Epub 2016 Jun 5.
    Makerere University School of Public Health, Department of Disease Control and Environmental Health, Kampala, Uganda.
    Many people living with HIV desire childbearing, but low cost safer conception methods (SCM) such as timed unprotected intercourse (TUI) and manual self-insemination (MSI) are rarely used. We examined awareness and attitudes towards SCM, and the correlates of these constructs among 400 HIV clients with fertility intentions in Uganda. Measures included awareness, self-efficacy, and motivation regarding SCM, as well as demographics, health management, partner and provider characteristics. Read More

    Tear Film Functions and Intraocular Pressure Changes in Pregnancy.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Dec;19(4):118-22
    Pregnancy related ocular changes are diverse with varied clinical outcome. In a cross-sectional, descriptive case control study, we evaluated tear film functions and intraocular pressure during pregnancy and compared the results with non-pregnant women. A total of 270 participants including 165 healthy pregnant women and 105 non-pregnant who were free from systemic and pre-pregnancy eye diseases were investigated. Read More

    Clinical Investigations and Management of Refractive Changes in Pregnancy: A Case Report.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Dec;19(4):107-17
    Pregnancy also presents with ocular changes, just as it affects other non-reproductive systems of the female. It has been reported to be associated with development of new health conditions or can exacerbate pre- existing health conditions. This paper reviews the management of Mrs AA, a 41 year old pregnant woman (primigravida) with refractive changes from myopia in the first trimester, to hyperopia in the second and third trimesters of her pregnancy. Read More

    Ovarian Cancer in Ghana, a 10 Year Histopathological Review of Cases at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Dec;19(4):102-6
    To determine the histopathological types, age distribution, presenting signs and symptoms of ovarian cancers diagnosed at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana. All histopathology slides and request cards of ovarian cancers diagnosed over a ten-year period (2001 to 2010) were reviewed and the cancers classified according to the World Health Organization 1999 classification. Biographical and clinical data of the patients were collected and results entered into Epi-info to determine the frequency, age distribution and clinical presentation of the various types of ovarian cancer. Read More

    The Effects of a Healthy Lifestyle and of Anxiety Levels on IVF Outcomes.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Dec;19(4):92-101
    This study investigated effects of a healthy lifestyle and anxiety levels on in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes. This follow-up study on 102 infertile women and 66 infertile men (total: 168) was carried out at a infertility clinic in university hospital in Instanbul, Turkey. Health-Promoting-Lifestyle-Profile-II (HPLP II) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) instruments were used. Read More

    Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in Cameroon: A Cross Sectional Descriptive Study.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Dec;19(4):87-91
    This cross-sectional descriptive study, aimed at identifying the sociodemographic characteristics of women diagnosed with acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), as well as the microorganisms isolated, was carried out between October 1st, 2013 and March 31st, 2014 in two major hospitals in Yaoundé, Cameroon. Seventy women diagnosed with acute PID were recruited. The main variables recorded were maternal age, occupation, marital status, number of current sexual partners, the clinical presentation at admission and the microorganisms identified. Read More

    Prospective Audit of Avoidable Factors in Institutional Stillbirths and Early Neonatal Deaths at Tikur Anbessa Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Dec;19(4):78-86
    Mortality audits are being used with increasing frequency to improve health outcomes by pinpointing precisely where deficiencies in clinical care exist. We conducted a prospective audit of stillbirths and early neonatal deaths at Tikur Anbessa Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, as part of a broader initiative to reduce perinatal mortality in the labor room and neonatal intensive care unit. Out of 1,225 deliveries that took place during the six-month study period, there were 30 stillbirths and 31 early neonatal deaths (PMR 50/1,000). Read More

    A National Study: the Effect of Egyptian Married Women's Decision-Making Autonomy on the use of Modern Family Planning Methods.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Dec;19(4):68-77
    Contraceptive use is vital in protecting the health of women and the survival of their children. This study aims to test whether women's autonomy influences their use of modern contraception methods and to determine the mediating effect of education and employment. A cross sectional study using Egypt's 2008 demographic and health survey was carried out including a sample of 13,734 married women aged 15-49 years. Read More

    Increasing Access to Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Interventions for Births in Health Facilities and at Home in Four Districts of Rwanda.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Dec;19(4):58-67
    To assess coverage, acceptability, and feasibility of a program to prevent postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) at community and facility levels, a study was conducted in 60 health facilities and their catchment areas in four districts in Rwanda. A total of 220 skilled birth attendants at these facilities were trained to provide active management of the third stage of labor and 1994 community health workers (ASMs) were trained to distribute misoprostol at home births. A total of 4,074 pregnant women were enrolled in the program (20. Read More

    Reasons for Intrauterine Device Use, Discontinuation and Non-Use in Malawi: A Qualitative Study of Women and their Partners.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Dec;19(4):50-7
    The copper intrauterine device (IUD) is a safe, long-acting, and effective method of contraception that is under-utilized in many countries, including Malawi. A unique cohort of women who had enrolled in a trial of postpartum IUD use one year earlier gave insights into reasons for using, discontinuing, or not using the IUD. We conducted in-depth interviews with 18 women one year after they participated in a pilot study of a randomized controlled trial of postpartum IUD insertion, and 10 of their male partners. Read More

    To God Be the Glory: Discussing Sex in Evangelical Communities in Southern Nigeria.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Dec;19(4):41-9
    Many people hold stereotypes and assumptions about religious communities in regards to their feelings and beliefs about sex and the impact it has on the lived experiences of religious people. However, stereotypes and assumptions are not often grounded in reality, and many people are hesitant to address the issue head on. This qualitative ethnographically informed preliminary grounded theory study aimed to engage an Evangelical Pentecostal community in Southern Nigeria with the ultimate goal of understanding how communities conceptualize and discuss sexuality topics, the factors influencing sexual decision making amongst youth and young adults, and to identify research needs that will better inform innovative and efficacious research utilizing religious communities in sexuality research. Read More

    Perceived Risks Associated with Contraceptive Method Use among Men and Women in Ibadan and Kaduna, Nigeria.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Dec;19(4):31-40
    Research shows that side effects are often the most common reason for contraceptive non-use in Nigeria; however, research to date has not explored the underlying factors that influence risk and benefit perceptions associated with specific contraceptive methods in Nigeria. A qualitative study design using focus group discussions was used to explore social attitudes and beliefs about family planning methods in Ibadan and Kaduna, Nigeria. A total of 26 focus group discussions were held in 2010 with men and women of reproductive age, disaggregated by city, sex, age, marital status, neighborhood socioeconomic status, and--for women only--family planning experience. Read More

    Challenges Addressing Unmet Need for Contraception: Voices of Family Planning Service Providers in Rural Tanzania.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Dec;19(4):23-30
    Provider perspectives have been overlooked in efforts to address the challenges of unmet need for family planning (FP). This qualitative study was undertaken in Tanzania, using 22 key informant interviews and 4 focus group discussions. The research documents perceptions of healthcare managers and providers in a rural district on the barriers to meeting latent demand for contraception. Read More

    Quality of Spousal Relationship on Procurement of Abortion in Peri-Urban Nigeria.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Dec;19(4):14-22
    The quality of spousal relationship may influence the acceptance of the status of pregnancies and the decision to procure abortion; however, this relationship has largely been unexplored. The objective of this paper is to assess the influence of specific dimensions of relationship quality on abortion procurement. Data from the 2010 Family Health and Wealth Survey site were used to assess the association between relationship quality and induced abortion among 763 ever-pregnant married or cohabiting women in Ipetumodu, South-west Nigeria. Read More

    Condom Tamponade in the Management of Primary Postpartum Haemorrhage: A Report of three cases in Ghana.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):151-7
    Postpartum haemorrhage is one of the major causes of maternal mortality worldwide. The leading cause of primary postpartum haemorrhage is uterine atony and active management of the third stage of labour with oxytocin is recommended for preventing primary postpartum haemorrhage. Parenteral oxytocin is also the drug of choice for medical management of postpartum haemorrhage secondary to uterine atony. Read More

    Cash Transfers to Increase Antenatal Care Utilization in Kisoro, Uganda: A Pilot Study.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):144-50
    The World Health Organization recommends four antenatal visits for pregnant women in developing countries. Cash transfers have been used to incentivize participation in health services. We examined whether modest cash transfers for participation in antenatal care would increase antenatal care attendance and delivery in a health facility in Kisoro, Uganda. Read More

    The Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection among Pregnant Women in Labour with Unknown Status and those with Negative Status Early in the Index Pregnancy in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):137-43
    Rapid HIV test in labour provide an opportunity for the identification of HIV positive pregnant women who should benefit from interventions to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Between November 2013 and June 2014 we conducted rapid HIV testing of pregnant women in labour at the National Hospital Abuja to determine the HIV seroconversion rate in pregnancy and the prevalence of HIV in pregnant women in labour with previously unknown status. HIV testing and counseling (HTC) was acceptable to 224 (99. Read More

    Evaluation of a Sexual and Reproductive Health Education Programme: Students' Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour in Bolgatanga Municipality, Northern Ghana.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):126-36
    Evaluation research concerning the impact of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) education in sub-Saharan Africa is scarce. This study obtained more insight into the knowledge, attitudes and behavioural intentions of students concerning SRH in Bolgatanga municipality in northern Ghana, and studied the effects of an SRH programme for this group. This quasi-experimental study used a pre-post-intervention design, with an SRH programme as intervention. Read More

    Evaluating Health Workers' Knowledge Following the Introduction of Clinical Mentoring in Jigawa State, Northern Nigeria.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):118-25
    Clinical mentoring is work-based training for the capacity building of health care workers. This study determined if there were benefits and increases in knowledge levels for 33 selected health workers across 5 health facilities in Jigawa State following the introduction of clinical mentoring. Questionnaires were used to determine biodata and knowledge scores of mentored health workers and also key departmental activities before and after a 6 months period of introduction of clinical mentoring. Read More

    The Other Side of Rapport: Data Collection Mode and Interviewer Gender Effects on Sexual Health Reporting in Ghana.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):111-7
    Accurate data on young people's sexual behaviour and sexual health practice is essential to inform effective interventions and policy. However, little empirical evidence exists to support methodological design decisions in projects assessing young people's sexual health, especially in African contexts. This short report uses original empirical data collected in Ghana in 2012 to assess the effects of data collection mode and interviewer gender on young people's reporting of sexual health and access to supportive sexual health resources. Read More

    Media Influence on Sexual Activity and Contraceptive Use: A Cross Sectional Survey among Young Women in Urban Nigeria.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):100-10
    This study assessed the relationship between recent exposure to family planning (FP) messages in the media (newspaper, radio, television, and mobile phones) and use of modern contraceptive methods among women aged 15-24 years living in six cities in Nigeria. Logistic regression models were used to predict recent media exposure to FP messages and its association with sexual experience and modern contraceptive method use. About 45% of our sample had ever had sex with only a quarter of them using a modern contraceptive method at the time of survey. Read More

    Addressing the Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Young People in Ethiopia: An Analysis of the Current Situation.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):87-99
    Young people in Ethiopia face a number of risks to their sexual and reproductive health, including adolescent pregnancy, sexual violence, and unmet need for family planning. This study explores the extent to which current service provision addresses the SRH needs of young Ethiopians . Methods included a comprehensive review of the academic and policy literature on young people's SRH and service provision in Ethiopia; and 14 semi-structured Key Informant Interviews. Read More

    Inter-Pregnancy Intervals and Maternal Morbidity: New Evidence from Rwanda.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):77-86
    The effects of short and long pregnancy intervals on maternal morbidity have hardly been investigated. This research analyses these effects using logistic regression in two steps. First, data from the Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey 2010 are used to study delivery referrals to District hospitals. Read More

    Quality of Care: A Review of Maternal Deaths in a Regional Hospital in Ghana.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):68-76
    The government of Ghana and key stakeholders have put into place several interventions aimed at reducing maternal deaths. At the institutional level, the conduct of maternal deaths audit has been instituted. This also contributes to reducing maternal deaths as shortcomings that may have contributed to such deaths could be identified to inform best practice and forestall such occurrences in the future. Read More

    Quality Indicators and Outcomes of Emergency Caesarean Deliveries at a District-level Maternity Hospital.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):61-7
    The objective of this research study is to identify quality indicators of cesarean deliveries and determine their relationship to neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality in one high volume maternity hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi. Demographic, perioperative, and postoperative data were collected on all cesarean deliveries over three months. Indicators of quality (antibiotic administration, use of oxytocin, decision-to-incision time, and uterine incision type) were compared to maternal morbidities (postpartum hemorrhage, fistula and wound infection) and neonatal mortality. Read More

    Knowledge of School Health Programme among Public Primary School Teachers in Oyo State, South-West Nigeria: A Rural-Urban Comparative Study.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):55-60
    Teachers are in a vantage position to facilitate positive health among school-age children through the School Health Programme (SHP). Lack of basic knowledge of the programme among them will hinder its effective implementation. Studies to gauge teachers' knowledge of SHP are needed to improve the current suboptimal level of implementation in Nigeria. Read More

    Men's Attitudes Towards Contraception in Sub-Saharan Africa.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):41-54
    This paper examines male attitudes towards family planning in Sub-Saharan Africa. Studying attitudes is ideal as they can be calculated for all men, at any point in their lives, regardless of marital status, sexual activity, or fertility desires. We find that positive attitudes towards family planning have increased across Sub-Saharan Africa in the last two decades. Read More

    Female Genital Mutilation: A Literature Review of the Current Status of Legislation and Policies in 27 African Countries and Yemen.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):32-40
    This article discusses the results of a literature review that has assessed the impact of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) legislation in 28 countries (27 in Africa and Yemen) where FGM is concentrated. Evidence on the impact of FGM legislation was available on prevalence of FGM; changes in societal attitudes and perceptions of FGM; knowledge and awareness of FGM legislation and consequences, and the impact on medicalization. While the majority of countries have adopted legal frameworks prohibiting FGM, these measures have been ineffective in preventing and/or in accelerating the abandonment of the practice. Read More

    Managing Caesarean Scar Pregnancy in low Resource Settings: 2 Case Reports and a Description of Transrectal Ultrasound guided Surgical Approach (TRUGA).
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):27-31
    Caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) occurs when an embryo implants in a previous caesarean section scar. It has a reported incidence of 1 in 1800. Various surgical and medical techniques have been described in case reports for the management of CSP. Read More

    The Ebola Virus and Human Rights Concerns in Africa.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Sep;19(3):18-26
    In the wake of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) that is ravaging parts of Africa certain measures are being taken by governments to prevent the spread of the epidemic within their borders. Some of these measures are drastic and may likely have implications for the fundamental rights of individuals. The EVD outbreaks have brought to the fore again the tension between public health and human rights. Read More

    Fertility Preferences of Women Living with HIV in the Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Jun;19(2):125-33
    This study sought to determine fertility preferences and their predictors among women living with HIV. A survey of 295 women aged 18 to 49 years living with HIV, and attending two HIV/AIDS clinics in the Kumasi metropolis, was conducted between July and August 2012. We administered questionnaires, and retrieved records of clinical status for review. Read More

    Is Male Involvement in ANC and PMTCT Associated with Increased Facility-Based Obstetric Delivery in Pregnant Women?
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Jun;19(2):117-24
    Ensuring that pregnant women are delivering in a health facility and are attended to by skilled birth attendants is critical to reducing maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. This study sought to determine the associations between male involvement in antenatal care (ANC) services and pregnant women delivering at health facilities and being attended to by skilled birth attendants as well as attending postnatal care. This was a retrospective cohort study using secondary analysis of program data. Read More

    HIV Status Discordance: Associated Factors Among HIV Positive Pregnant Women in Lagos, Southwest Nigeria.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Jun;19(2):108-16
    The HIV negative partner in a HIV serodiscordant relationship is at high risk of becoming HIV infected. The annual risk of HIV infection for a partner of a person with HIV is about 10%, with higher annual transmission rates of 20-25% per year reported in Rwanda and Zambia. Although there is considerable variation across countries, recent studies in southern and east Africa countries with mature epidemics reported that up to two-thirds of infected persons in stable relationship are discordant. Read More

    Strengthening Health Systems to Accelerate Achievement of Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5: A Case Study of Ketu South and Keta Municipalities in Ghana.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Jun;19(2):101-7
    This study aims to determine means of strengthening the health system to accelerate achievement of MDGs 4 and 5 in the Volta Region of Ghana, with a particular emphasis in the Ketu South and Keta municipalities. Secondary data have been used in this study. High maternal and infant mortality is a crucial issue in Ghana. Read More

    Proportion and Factors Associated with late Antenatal Care Booking among Pregnant Mothers in Gondar Town, North West Ethiopia.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Jun;19(2):94-100
    The proportion of pregnant women initiating prenatal care during first trimester pregnancy is one of the standard clinical performance measures to assess the quality of maternal health care. Aiming to assess the proportion and factors associated with late booking at antenatal care, this health-institution based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to June 2012 among 390 pregnant mothers in Gondar town. The proportion of late entry to antenatal care was 64. Read More

    Evaluation of the Implementation of Family Life and HIV Education Programme in Nigeria.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Jun;19(2):79-93
    Family Life and HIV Education (FLHE) programme was introduced nationwide in Nigeria in 2003. Since then little is known about the patterns of its implementation across the states in the six geo-political zones in Nigeria. This study represents an attempt to fill this lacuna in the FLHE literature in Nigeria. Read More

    Implementation of Family Life and HIV/AIDS Education in Nigerian Schools: A Qualitative Study on Scope, Delivery and Challenges .
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Jun;19(2):63-78
    This study utilized data from Focus Group Discussions and In-depth Interviews among secondary school students and teachers to examine the scope, delivery and challenges of FLHE implementation within states and across geopolitical zones in Nigeria. Structural Functionalism, Rational Choice and Differential Association theories were adopted as theoretical framework. Results show that several patterns in classroom teaching of FLHE are identifiable across the country. Read More

    Maternal Near-Miss Due to Unsafe Abortion and Associated Short-Term Health and Socio-Economic Consequences in Nigeria.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Jun;19(2):52-62
    Little is known about maternal near-miss (MNM) due to unsafe abortion in Nigeria. We used the WHO criteria to identify near-miss events and the proportion due to unsafe abortion among women of childbearing age in eight large secondary and tertiary hospitals across the six geo-political zones. We also explored the characteristics of women with these events, delays in seeking care and the short-term socioeconomic and health impacts on women and their families. Read More

    Who Cares? Pre and Post Abortion Experiences among Young Females in Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Jun;19(2):43-51
    Issues of abortion are critical in Ghana largely due to its consequences on sexual and reproductive health. The negative perception society attaches to it makes it difficult for young females to access services and share their experiences. This paper examines the pre and post abortion experiences of young females; a subject scarcely researched in the country. Read More

    Decision-Making for Induced Abortion in the Accra Metropolis, Ghana.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Jun;19(2):34-42
    Decision-making for induced abortion can be influenced by various circumstances including those surrounding onset of a pregnancy. There are various dimensions to induced abortion decision-making among women who had an elective induced abortion in a cosmopolitan urban setting in Ghana, which this paper examined. A cross-sectional mixed method study was conducted between January and December 2011 with 401 women who had undergone an abortion procedure in the preceding 12 months. Read More

    Cervical Cancer and Human Papilloma Virus Knowledge and Acceptance of Vaccination among Medical Students in Southwest Nigeria.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Mar;19(1):140-8
    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the commonest viral sexually transmitted infection in the world and the leading cause of cervical cancer. Medical students as future healthcare providers will play a role in influencing patients' decision to receive HPV vaccination. This study was aimed at determining the knowledge of cervical cancer and HPV as well as the acceptance of HPV vaccination among medical students of the University of Lagos. Read More

    Epidemiology of Cervical Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions in HIV Infected Women in Kenya: a cross-Sectional Study.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Mar;19(1):133-9
    Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women worldwide. Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and its related immunosuppression are associated with an increased risk of prevalent, incident, and persistent squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs) of the cervix. The objective of the study was to describe the prevalence and predictors of high-risk HPV and cervical cancer to support the need for strengthening cervical cancer screening programs for HIV infected women in Kenya. Read More

    Perceived Health System Causes of Obstetric Fistula from Accounts of Affected Women in Rural Tanzania: A Qualitative Study.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Mar;19(1):124-32
    Obstetric fistula is still a major problem in low income countries. While its main cause is untreated obstructed labour, misconceptions about it still persist. This study aimed at exploring and describing perceived health system causes of obstetric fistula from women affected by it in rural Tanzania. Read More

    Obstetric Fistula "Disease" and Ensuing Care: Patients' Views in West-Africa.
    Afr J Reprod Health 2015 Mar;19(1):112-23
    We explored obstetric fistula patients' real-life experience of care in modern Health System. Our aim was to analyze how these women's views impacted their care uptake and coping. We conducted 67 in-depth interviews with 35 fistula patients or former patients in 5 fistula repair centers within referral hospitals in Mali and Niger. Read More

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